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2010年全国中学生英语能力竞赛(NEPCS )高三年级组样题


2010 年全国中学生英语能力竞赛(NEPCS )高三年级组样题 (全国中学生英语能力竞赛组委会办公室提供) 本竞赛赛题包括听力部分、笔试部分和口试部分(决赛) 。此处只提供笔试部分样题,听力部分(计 30 分)和口试部分(计 30 分)暂不提供样题。 (总分:150 分答题时间:120 分钟) 听力部分(共三大题,计 30 分) (略) 笔试部分(共七大题,计 120 分) 1. Multiple-choice(选择填空) (共 15 小题;每小题 1 分,计 15 分) (A) Beneath each of the following sentences there are four choices, marked A, B, C and D. Choose the answer that best completes the sentence.(从 A,B,C,D 四个选项中,选出可以填人句中空白处的最佳选项。 ) 31.-Mary, there is_Mr White on the phone for you. -Please take_message for me. I'm in_bath. A. a;(不填) ;the B. the; a; a C. a; a; the D. the; the;(不填) 32. 1 thought John would say something about his school report, but he_it. A. doesn't mention B. hadn't mentioned C. haven't mentioned D. hasn't mentioned 33.-You seemed to be impressed by his skill. -Not exactly. It was his courage_his skill that really impressed me. A. as well as B. rather than C. but also D. together with 34. Mike is working hard at his lessons to reach the goal set by his parents, because he wants to_their expectations. A. come up with B. look up to C. live up to D. do away with 35.-John was injured during the game. -Will it be at least a fortnight_he recovers and returns to school? A. when B. that C. since D. before 36. 1 think this house is expensive to rent. I've got about half the space I had at home and I'm paying_ here. A. as three times much B. as much three times C. much as three times D. three times as much 37. Mr Smith has trouble in sleeping, so it is his_to drink a glass of milk every night before going to bed. A. work B. duty C. practice D. experience 38.-Alice, do the washing-up after the party,_? -But I have to prepare for tomorrow's exam. A. do you B. will you C. don't you D. haven't you 39. Under the bridge, however, almost directly: below,___was a small canoe, with a boy in it. A. there B. where C. it D. which 40.一__the ideal length of time for a trip to Hawaii? -About a week. A. What do you think it is 卜 B. What do you think is C. Do you think what is D. Do you think that what is 41. -Will you go to the fashion show this Saturday evening? 一_______.If you go, so will I. A. Take your time B. It all depends 一 C. That's all right D. No problem 42. China has___population than any other country in the world; furthermore, 70 percent of the population farmers. A. a more; are B. larger; is C. more; is D. a larger; are (B) Read the following short passage and choose the answer that best completes each sentence.(以下 3 道小题 可以组成一篇小短文,请根据上下文选出各句的最佳选项。 ) The old man walked slowly into the restaurant. 43. A young waitress_Mary watched him walking towards a table by the window and ran over to him. She

said, "Here, sir. Let me give you a hand with that chair." A. calling B. calls C. named D. naming 44. She helped him move in front of the chair and get comfortably seated. Then she leaned his cane against the table he could reach it. A. in which B. that C. which D. where 45. In a soft, clear voice he said, "Thank you, miss._”"You're welcome, sir," she replied. "My name is Mary. I'll be back in a moment, and if you need anything at all in the meantime, just wave at me!” A. Bless you for your kindness. B. What can I do for you? C. And you needn't have done so. D. May I have a look at the menu? II. Cloze(完形填空) (共 10 小题;每小题 1 分,计 10 分) Read the following passage and fill in each blank with one word in one of the following three ways: ①according to the context,②using the correct form of the words,③according to the first letters of the words. (阅读下面的短文,用以下三种形式之一完成短文填空:①根据上下文填空;②用所给单词的正确形式填 空;③根据单词所给首字母填空。每空一词。 ) Comfort food refers to a variety of familiar, simple foods, usuallyhome-cooked or eaten at uniform restaurants. It is typically inexpensive, (46)_(complicate), and easy to prepare, being composed largely of simple or complex carbohydrates, such as sugar, rice, refined wheat or something similar. We connect food (47)___important events, feelings, and people in our lives. Most comfort food is warm, soft, flavourful food, that (48) r -。 。of our childhood. A comfort food, especially one high in carbohydrates or fats, is often more satisfying (49)_anything else. Many people turn to comfort food for familiarity, emotional security, or as a special reward,(50) b___ it is what they have always eaten to feel warm, (51)___(comfort) and homey. If you are upset, sad or sick, comfort food helps you (52) f-__better. If you are away from home, you will miss comfort foodyou can't have, and any that you can have will probably remind you of someone in your family. The reasons why something becomes a comfort food are diverse, but they usually include pleasantassociations with one's (53)_(child). Small children often develop a liking for a specific food (54)_______drink and will repeatedly request it in high stress situations. Adults also eat comfort food for a sense of continuity. Various foods satisfy the requirements of a comfort food (55)_(depend) on individual taste and the culture in which people live. III. Reading comprehension(阅读理解) (共 20 小题;每小题 2 分,计 40 分) Read the following passages. Each passage is followed by several questions. Respond to the questions using information in the passages.(阅读下列短文,然后根据短文后的要求答题。 ) A

Questions 56-60: Answer the questions briefly with information from the above advertisements. 56. Which theatre offers the cheapest seats? 57. How much will you pay, if you (17), your sister (13) and your grandmother (65) go to listen to some old jokes? 58. If you want to see a comedy about an evening class, what phone number should you dial to book a seat? 59. If you are interested in seeing a magical comedy about real people, which performance will you go to see? 60. Which theatre doesn't have a performance on Monday? B In Italy on March 6, 1475, a special child was born. He was to become one of the most remarkable artists of all time. His name was Michelagniolo di Lodovico Buonarroti -Simoni, but he was better known as Michelangelo. (64)吵 chelangelo's paintings and sculptures, are praised all over the world today, and all of them have become extremely valuable. His most famous creation is the enormous ceiling of the Sistine Chapel at the Vatican in Rome. The ceiling depicts famous scenes from the Bible and mythology. It focuses on the creation of the world and of human beings, and illustrates the sense of wonder the artist felt for the subjects he painted. It took Michelangelo four years to complete this painting. While he worked on the painting, Michelangelo had to lie on his back on a scaffold hung from the ceiling and he nearly went blind from eyestrain and the paint which fell into his eyes. Michelangelo began drawing when he was very young, and even then he could depict people and scenes vividly and accurately. He would carefully observe the people and things around him and then practise drawing

them in his sketchbooks, in which hands, faces, legs, and bodies are all found sketched in great detail. This careful observation bore fruit when he started to work in stone, which was his favourite material because he felt it offered a greater challenge than paint. (65) His- carvings have never~ been surpassed, and seldom equalled. His statues, chiseled from marble, are so lifelike that they almost seem to breathe. Michelangelo was not only a painter and a sculptor, he was also a poet, an architect, and one of nine citizens in charge of the defense of his native city, Florence. He was the friend of popes and princes, and the rival of another great artist of the time, Leonardo da Vinci. These men lived in a period that produced many people of genius. This is known as the Renaissance, which means "rebirth", because people felt that during this time the glory of ancient Rome was born again in Italy. Questions 61-62: Tell whether the following statements are true (T) or false (F) according to the passage. 61. The ceiling of the Sistine Chapel focuses on the creation of the world and of human beings. 62. Michelangelo lived during the time known as Renaissance in Rome. Question 63: Choose the answer that fits the question best according to the passage. 63. What's the main idea of the passage? A. The famous works of Michelangelo. B. The story of a lonely man. C. The story of an unhappy man. D. The story of a great artist. Questions 64-65: Translate the underlined sentences in the passage into Chinese. C A starfish named Stan, has an astonishing eight limbs instead of the usual five, and according to the experts, this makes it the world's first recorded octofish. Starfish have a remarkable ability to regenerate lost arms, and sometimes grow two where there was one, meaning that six-armed creatures are not unheard of. A normal starfish has a central disc which is effectively the creature's control centre, housing its mouth, stomach, a specialized water pump, and all its important organs. Stan boasts not one disc but two, which are fused together in a figure-of-eight shape. Like human conjoined or Siamese twins, it could be the product of a single egg and sperm which failed to separate properly early in the process of development. Douglas Herdson, a Plymouth -based marine fish biologist, said, "I think Stan is probably a conjoined twin caused by a fertilised egg not completelyseparating. Stan appears to be in perfect health and at ten inches in diametre, bigger than the average specimen. In fact, its extra limbs could be an advantage at meal times, as they should make it easier for it to grab and open tasty morsels. Starfish live on the rocky seabed at depths up to 600 ft and are found in the Atlantic Ocean, the English Channel and the North Sea. Starfish use hydraulic power(水力)to move the hundreds of tiny sucker feet which line the bottom of each arm. Some eat large prey by pushing their stomachs out of their mouths and swallowing the food whole. Questions 66-70:: Complete the summary of the passage with one or two words for each blank according to the passage. Starfish live on the rocky seabed at depths up to (66)____.Recently, according to the experts, a starfish, named Stan, having an astonishing eight limbs (67)__the usual five, was found. This starfish is probably (68)_, which resulted from a fertilised egg which did not separate completely. It appears to be bigger than an average (69)__and its extra limbs could be(70)_____when it eats. D There's no guaranteed way to succeed at interviews but you can increase your chances by knowing what to expect. Here, tough interviewers reveal their most frequent questions and suggest how you might handle them。 71 Many people avoid these types of questions by giving a safe, general answer. To make a better impression, prepare by writing an "employment ad" that describes your dream job. Include a headline and several adjectives describing the

company, the job and yourself. This forces you to focus。 。exactly what you want and what you have to offer. 72 You may have hated your boss but few employers will want to hear that. Many interviewers suggest that people concentrate on the business reasons for joining a new company. For example: "After two years in the marketing department, I've learned a lot about X. Now I want to learn about Y." If you were fired because of a disagreement with your boss, however, you may be better off telling the interviewers yourself, rather than letting them find out. 73 In this question interviewers are looking for careful self-analysis. "Don't say `I wanted to try something new,'" advises Howard Nitschke, an American recruiter. "That makes me think: This person doesn't know where he's going." Instead, explain how your skills, personality and goals are more suited to this new career. 74 Many candidates try to concentrate on vague faults that could also be seen as virtues. They say "I'm impatient", hoping the interviewer will see them as quick-thinking and dynamic. Don't try it. Interviewers are sick of hearing these answers. Instead, be honest about faults but emphasise what you have done to deal with them. 75 The best way to make a mess of this question is not to have an answer. But you can also alarm the interviewer by giving the impression that the job is just a brief step in your career. An organisation may fear that you would spend more time looking for promotion than working. A good answer would be: "Eventually I'd like to be a managing director, but I realise I've got other things to learn in the next few years." Choose from the sentences A -F the one which best summaries each paragraph (71-75) of the passage. There is one extra sentence which you don't need to use.

IV. Translation(翻译) (共 5 小题;每小题 2 分,计 10 分) Translate the following sentences into English, using the hints given in the brackets.(用括号中给出的提示将下列句 子译成英语。 ) 76.她试图通过身势语来解释她的意思。(by means of ) 77.假如你接受了我的意见,你现在就会好得多。 (虚拟语气) 78.到明年夏天,怀特先生在这个班执教已有两年了。 (完成时态) 79.大多数人熟悉一切物质都是由原子组成的这一概念。(consist 峋 80.那个年轻人不顾个人安危,跳进河里去救那个溺水的男孩儿。(ignore) V. IQ(智力测试) (共 5 小题;每小题 1 分,计 5 分) Answer the following questions.(回答下列问题。 ) 81. FIFTEEN DREAMS is an anagram(变形词组)of which two words that are opposite in meaning? 82. In the following groups of letters, all the vowels have been omitted and word boundaries altered(改变) . Replace the vowels and restore the word boundaries. LLTHN GSBNG QLFTP RSNSS MRSPT HNTHN PRSN 83. Add one letter, not necessarily the same one, to each of the following two words at the front, middle or end, to give two words that are similar in meaning. past, sick 84. What number should replace the question mark?

VI. Error correction(短文改错) (共 10 处错误;每处错误 1 分,计 10 分) 按要求修改下面的英语作文,文中共有 10 处语言错误。错误涉及一个单词的增加、删除或修改。请按下列情 况在文中改正:一、沐 增加:在缺词处加一个漏字符号(∧) ,并在其下面写出该加的词· 删除:把多余的词用斜线(\)画掉。 修改:在错的词下画舟横线,并在该词下面写出修改后的词。 注意:1.每处错误及其修改均仅限一词; 2.只允许修改 10 处,多者(从第 11 处起)不计分。

These days, many students spend their money on unnecessary things, like expensive mobile phones, fashionable clothes, and cigarettes. Different people have different opinion about this. Some people think that it is natural for students to spend their money on what they like doing, because of money is earn primarily to enjoy life. However, other people don't agree on this. They think that students' money come from their parents, what work hard to earn it. They think these students are just waste their parents' labour. What's worse, they say, when students spend their money on unnecessary things, they do develop the habit of saving, or learn how to manage money properly. In my opinion, it is fine for students to spend money, for long as they realise that this money has been earned through their parents' hard work. They should save some of the money, and learn how to manage properly. VII. Writing【写作) (共 2 题;A 题满分 10 分,B 题满分 20 分,计 30 分) (A) Write a short passage about how to help a friend become a "Star Language Student". You should discuss the four points shown in the pictures below. You need to write a topic sentence for each point first, and then follow that with your reasons or suggestions. Words: about 80.

(B) Write a description, about 150 words in length, describing a place that you visited while on holiday.


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