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【备考精品】2011年高考英语常用短语全归纳


2013 年高考英語常用短语全归纳
…(money) worth of sth. …has a population of… …times as big as …times the size of ……价值……(接数词) ……人口数量是…… a little 一点(接形容词) a loaf of bread 一个面包 a lost life in a desert a

lot more interesting a lot more 许多 a lucky escape ……A 与 B 一样,……(谓语动词与 A a narrow escape a piece of advice a place of interest a point of view A rather than B 幸运地逃脱 侥幸逃脱、九死一生 一条建议 一处名胜 鸿沟 更有趣 afford sth. to sb. afford to do after a time after a while after all after that agree on 为某人承担…… 能够去做 一段时间后 不久

……是……几倍大 ……是……几倍大 许多(接可数名词复数;

a (great/large/small) number of 谓语动词用复数) A (together) with B 一致)

毕竟;终究 从这以后(用一般现在时) 在……达成共识

agree that… 同意……(接从句) agree to do 同意去做 采纳某人的计划(建议) 同意某人的看法

A as well as B ……A 跟 B 一样,……(谓语动词与 A 一致) A besides B… 除了 B 以外,A……(谓语动词与 A 一致)

一种观点 与其 B,不如 A

agree to one's plan/suggestion

a bit of 一点(接不可数名词) a bit 一点(接形容词) a bunch of 一束、一捆

agree with one's idea/opinion/analysis (见解) agree with sb. 意、赞同 agree with sb. on that point ahead of time aim at ①瞄准 事先;提前 ②追求、旨在 ①(衣服等)适合某人

a series of 一系列的 a source of ……的一个来源 a third ①三个中的一个 ②三分之一

②与……一致 ③同

a certain 某一个(接可数名词单数) a copy of 一份(报纸等) a couple of a crowd of 几个、一些、三两个(接可数名词复数) 一群、许多 (一个)发达国家 (一个)发展中国家 一份营养食谱

a total of 总计……(接数词) a type of 一种 a variety of 一种 a waste of money/time/… a year and a half 一年半 浪费(金钱、时间等)

在那方面同意某人的意见

a developed country a developing country

All but A… 数) all kinds of

除了 A 以外所有人(谓语动词与 all 一致,用复

a diet of healthy foods a fallen tree

above all 最重要的是,首先要 according to 根据、依照 achieve one's aim/goal achieve success 实现某人的目标

各种各样的 突然(单用) 整个(欧洲)

一棵倒了的树 一会儿、不久以后 几点建议 大量(接不可数名词)

all of a sudden all over (Europe) all sorts of ②假装 all such

a few moment later

a few pieces of advice a good/great deal of a good/great many a great deal a group of

取得成功

各种各样的

act a part ①扮演一个角色

所有这些……(接名词用复数) 仍然、依然 全程 整年 整个……

大量(接可数名词复数)

act as if 假装(接从句,有虚拟语气) act the part of sb. 演……的角色

all the same all the way

许多东西 一群…… 高度发达国家

add A to B 把 A 加到 B 上 add to 增加到 add up to 总计(无被动形式) address a/the letter address sth. to sb. admit to 承认 大量(接可数、不可数名词) 一些(接不可数名词) advise (that) sb. (should) do 语气) advise sb. to do afford sb. sth. 劝说某人去做 为某人承担…… 建议某人应该做某事(虚拟 写信(的地址) 给某人讲……

all the year round

a highly-developed country a kind of sth. a knife and fork a knowledge of a lack of 缺乏 a large quantity of 一类…… 一副刀叉

all through the(night/year/one's life) all…not… 不都是……(部分否定) 允许(某人)做某事 向某人宣布…… 向某人宣布……

allow doing/sb. to do announce sth. to sb. announce to sb. sth. answer for

某一学科的知识

为……负责任 任何人(引导主语从句)

a large/small/great amount of

anyone who = whoever apart from appear to do

A like B… 像 B 一样,A……(谓语动词与 A 一致) a little bit 一点(接形容词)

除……外还…… 好像……

2013 年高考英語常用短语全归纳
apply for 申请 apply one's minds to appreciate doing 专心于 at the bottom of at the cost of at the crossing 在……的底部 以……为代价 在十字路口 应某人邀请 be anxious about 为……感到焦虑 急切地要…… be anxious for sth. be anxious to do be ashamed of

感激做…… 实际上

急切去做……

as a matter of fact as a result of

at the invitation of sb. at the latest 最迟、最晚 at the most 最多 at the price of at the risk of

感到羞耻、惭愧 在吃早/午/晚饭

由于……

be at breakfast/lunch/supper be at the same level

as if 似乎、好像(引导方式状语从句) as long as as one body 只要(引导条件状语从句) 像一个人一样 如果可能的话尽快……

在同一水平上

以……为代价 冒着……的危险 同时 看见 以……的速度 当……想到 用最高的声音

be aware of sth. be away from be based on be better off

知道

离……远 以……为基础、以……为根据 境况好 一只眼睛失明、独眼龙

as soon as is necessary as soon as

at the same time at the sight of at the speed of at the thought of

一……就……(引导时间状语从句)

as though 似乎、好像 as well as ①和……一样 ②与……一样好

be blind in one eye be blind to be busy doing be busy with be careful be caught in

对……视而不见 忙着…… 忙着…… 小心 被困住 关心 ……与……有联系 甘愿做某事、愿意做某事 对……满足 挤满了

as well 也;一样 ask (that) sb. (should) do ask for a leave 请假 取得某人的建议 向某人提问(书面语) 要求某人应该做某事(虚拟语气)

at the top of the voice

attempt to do 尝试去做、企图去做 attend to sth. 注意;对……关注 对……的态度 吸引某人注意力

ask sb. for advice

attitude to/towards sth. attract one's attention

ask some questions of sb. at a distance

be concerned about be connected with be content to do

有一些距离、在远处 在很深处

back and forth 来来往往地、(前后)来回地 bark at (狗)向……叫 be (good) value for money ……值钱

at a great depth

at a loss 不知所措、困惑不解 at a low/high price at a low/high speed at a mouthful at a safe speed at a speed of 价格低(高) 速度很慢/快地……

be content with be crowded with be dangerous be deaf to

be able to do 能够……、有能力…… be about to do when be about to do be absent from be absorbed in 就要做某事时,突然……

……(对……)构成威胁、是危险的 对……听而不闻、充耳不闻 对某事(物)失望 对……失望

一口、满口 以安全速度行驶 以……的速度行驶

准备做……(不接时间状语,表示将来) 不在、缺席 沉迷于……、迷恋于……

be disappointed in sth.

be disappointed with sb./sth. be doing when

at a time 一次;有时、曾经 at first blush at full speed 一瞥 全速前进

be active in 在……活跃 be admitted into universities be afraid of doing 被大学录取

正要做某事时,突然……

be doing 批判等

表达某种语气、感情,如喜爱、赞美、厌恶、痛恨、

担心某事会发生 害怕某人(物)

at least 至少、最少 at least…if not more 如果不是更多,至少也…… at most 最多、至多 at one time at present 曾经、以前 现在

be afraid of sth./sb. be afraid that… be afraid to do be after sth./sb.

be done away with be dressed in be due to do be due to sth. be dying for

结束、结果

恐怕…… 不敢去做 找……

穿…… 预计……会怎样 由于、应归于 渴望 急切去做…… 盼望去做…… 忙于、致力于

be along with 和……一起 be an expert on/in/at sth. be angry at sth. 在……的开始 在……是专家

at that very moment 就在那个时候 at the ball 在舞会上

be dying to do be eager to do be engaged in

对某事感到生气

at the beginning of

be angry with sb./sth. 对某人(物)感到生气

2013 年高考英語常用短语全归纳
be engaged to be equal to 与……订婚 与……相等 擅长于…… be lacking in 缺乏 be longing for be longing to do 盼望去做…… 盼望去做…… be out of fashion be out of order be out of reach be out of work 过时、不流行 没有秩序、乱 ①够不着 ②无能为力 失业 在……中流行 在……中流行

be expert in/at doing be famous as be famous for

作为……而出名 因为……而出名 在……中出名 有助于、有利于 适合……

be lost ……不见了 be lost in sight be lost in thought 看不见 陷入沉思

be popular among sb. be popular with sb. be prepared for

be famous to sb. be favourable to be fit for sth. be fond of

be made from 由……(加工)制成 be made into 制成、加工成 be made of 由……(直接)制成 对某人友好 be made up of ……由……组成 be marked with be measured in 被标上 以……来衡量

为……作准备(接抽象事物) 参加(会议)

be present at (the meeting) be proud of 以……自豪

爱好……

be friendly/kind/polite to sb. be going to do 即将做……

be put to a new use be ready for be ready to do

被用在了新的用途上

准备好做…… 准备好做……

be gone ……不见了 be good on sb. be hard on sb. 对某人好 对某人苛刻、为难某人

be missing ……不见了 be mixed with sth. be not in agreement be nothing more than 用……混合 ……是不同的 只不过是 尺

be recognised as 被认作是 be reduced by be related to 降低了……(接数字、百分数) 与……有联系 为……负责任

be harmful to 对……有害 be honoured for sth. be in (the) majority be in business be in danger be in darkness be in disorder be in earnest 营业 处于危险之中 在黑暗之中(无光,用于指状态) 没有秩序、乱 急迫、急切 有秩序、整洁 最需要 ……因为……受尊敬 占大多数,处于多数

be responsble for be rich in

be of different sizes/colours/weights/ages/ shapes 寸/颜色/重量/年龄/形状不同 be of great/no help/value/importance/use to sb. (没)有很大(帮助等) be of the same kind 同一类

在……丰富 对……满意

be satisfied with 对某人 be senior to be set in be short of

比……大

以……为背景 缺少 被带到某地 被纺成线 对某事严格要求 对某人严格要求

be of the same size/colour/weight/age/shape 尺寸/颜色/ 重量/年龄/形状相同 be of this kind be off 离开 属于这一类

be shown into sp. be spun into thread be strict in sth. be strict with sb.

be in good order be in great need

be in hospital 住院 be in low/high spirits be in poor health 情绪低落/高昂

be on a visit from sp. be on a visit to sp.

从某地来访问 正游览、参观某地

be successful in doing sth. 做……成功 be suitable for 适合 确信做某事(祈使句) (身体上)劳累、疲劳 厌倦……

身体不好 受某人管 受某人管

be in/under one's charge

be on business 因公(办事等) be on diet 节食 be on duty 值日、上班 be on fire 着火 be on holiday/vacation 在度假

Be sure(certain) to do… be tired from sth./doing be tired of sth./doing be tired out be to blame 筋疲力尽 (应该)受责备

be in/under the charge of sb. be introduced into be joined to be keen on ……被引进

与……连接 喜欢 某人做某事(对人)有好处

be kind for sb. to do sth. be kind of sb. 某人好 be known for 因为……而出名 be known to sb.

be on sale 待售、拍卖 be on show 展览;上映 be on strike 罢工 be on the march 正在游行、正在行军

be to do 准备做…… be trapped by (the fire) be treated as 被(火)围困

把……当作……对待 建设中

在……中出名

be under construction

2013 年高考英語常用短语全归纳
be unwilling to do be up to 忙于 be well received be willing to do be worried about 接受效果好、广泛接受 盼望去做…… 为……担心 不愿去做 ②达到境界、进入角色 ③从事、 break off 折断、中断、罢工 break one's promise/words break out 分裂、爆发 break the record break the rules break up 分解 bring about 带来、造成 bring down 使……下降 bring in 引进 作为……而出名 被广泛的接受 把某人打得鼻青脸肿 bring on 引起、导致 bring sth. to one's notice bring up 抚育、养育 build up 建立 burn down 烧毁 burn sth. to the ground burn up 消耗 burst in 闯进、闯入 burst into flames 突然着火 突然放声大哭/笑 把……烧毁 使某人注意…… 打破纪录 违反规则 破坏某人的诺言、食言 by weight/length/volume call a taxi call at sp. call for 打的 拜访某地 ②邀请 按重量/长度/容量算 ①高达、达到

①要求

call in sb.

派人去请 号召某人做某事

call on sb. to do… call on sb. 拜访某人

be worth doing 值得…… be worth sth. be worthy of 值多少 值得

call one's attention to sth. call to mind call up sb. calm down 想起 ①使……想起 镇定下来

让某人引起对……的注意

be/become known as

②给……打电话

be/become widely accepted beat sb. black and blue beat sb. on the head beat sb. to death beat sth. flat become a success

can't help doing can't resist doing carry about carry away

情不自禁地…… 不能抗拒做……

碰某人的头

打死某人

携带、随身带 冲垮;拿走 发展、发扬

把……压平 成功

carry forward carry off carry on

become separated 分开 before all before long begin with believe in 尤其、特别 没过多久(常用于将来时、过去时) 以……开始 ①信赖、信任 属于 从……获取利益、好处 够不着;找不到、消失 除了那个以外 在海外 ②信奉、信仰

抢走、夺走 进行、继续 遵守某人的诺言

burst into tears/laughter burst out doing business sense 爆发;突然 商业理念

carry out one's promise carry out carry with catch a cold catch fire catch in 实行 进行、继续 感冒 着火

belong to sb. benefit from beyond reach beyond that

by and by 不久以后、很快的 by chance 偶然 by degrees 逐渐地 by far 至今为止 by means of 通过……的办法 by occasionally 偶然的

被……困住、绊住 吸引了……的注意

catch one's attention catch sight of caught by the…

beyond the sea

看到…… 抓到某人的……(身体部位) 导致某人到这样的地步

black out 昏迷、神志不清;停止、中断 black tea 红茶 blood bank 血站、血库

by ones and twos 三三两两地、零零落落地 by oneself 独自地、独立地、单独地 by the end 在……以前 by the hour/day/week/minute/month/year 分/月/年算 by the kilogramme/ton ②(汽车)抛锚 按公斤/吨算 按小时 / 日 / 周 /

cause sb. to be in such a state change A for B change into clear away clear out clear up climb over close to come about 用 B 替换 A

blow away 吹走 both of sb. 两个人都……

变成 收拾走、清除 把……请出去

both…not… 不都是……(部分否定) break away from break down 脱离

①天晴 翻越 靠近某地 发生

②解决

①分解;破裂

by the time 一段时间前(引导时间状语从句) by the way 顺便说一下 by this means 用这种方法

break in 打断……的话 break into pieces 打(破)成碎片

2013 年高考英語常用短语全归纳
come across come along 偶然遇见 进展、进行 consider sb./sth. to be/as consider sth./doing 把……看作 day by day deal in deal with 对……满意 逐日 考虑(做)…… 经营 处理、对待 宣称……是……(接形容词

come at 袭击、向……打击 come away 脱离、掉下 come back ①回来 come down 下降 come forth 向前 形成、产生、存在(无被动) 生效、启用 ②醒过来

consist of 由……组成 content oneself with sth. continue doing

declare sb./sth. to be adj./n. 或名词) deep into the night delay doing/sth. 熬夜

一直做(同一件事)

continue to do 继续做(下一件事) continue with sth. 继续做某事 为……贡献…… 把……转变成……

推迟…… 要求某人应该做某事(虚拟

come into being come into effect

contribute sth. to sth. convert sth. into sth. could have done

demand (that) sb. (should) do 语气) demand sth. of/from sb. demand to do depend on/upon 要求去做

come off 脱离、掉下 come on ①加油 ②进展 come out ①产生、出现 ②被知道 结果 come right come round 直接 转身 ③出版、发行 ④结局、

本来能做成的(却没做成)(虚拟语气) 本来做不成的(却做成了)(虚拟语气)

向某人要求……

couldn't have done

count on/upon 指望、依靠 count sth. at 当作 cover sth./sb. with sth. cover the events 报道事件 用……盖住……

取决于、依赖于、依靠 将……描述给(讲给)……

describe sth. to sb. despise of sb. 看不起

determine sb. to do determine to do develop a habit

使某人下决心做某事

come to ①把注意力转向…… ②到来 come to an end 消亡、灭亡、分裂 引起某人的注意

cross out 除去、勾销 crowd off 挤出 cry out 喊出去 cure sb. of 治好某人的(病) cut away 切下;逃跑 cut down 砍倒;缩减

下决心做某事 养成习惯 表现出对……的兴趣

come to one's notice come to oneself come to power

develop an interest in sth. develop films 制作电影

苏醒、恢复知觉 掌权

devote sth./oneself to sth./doing die away

把……奉献给……

come true 成为现实 come up ①上升 ②发生 ③产生 ④(问题、话题、议题 )

(气味、声音、光线)逐渐消失、变弱

cut off 切断 cut one's hair short cut out 切下;删除 cut sth. in half 把……切成两半 把……切成两半 把……切成两半 把……头发剪短

die down 平息、变弱、逐渐消失 die from polluted air/over work/an accident/… 因为(空 气污染、过度劳累、事故等)而死 die of grief/cold/hungry/old age/… 饥饿、年老等)而死 die out dig out 灭绝;死光、死绝 挖出 指导、要求某人去做 命令某人去做 因为(悲伤、寒冷、

被提出(无被动) come up to 过来

come upon 偶然遇见 command (that) sb. (should) do 语气) compare A to B compare A with B compare notes 把 A 比作 B 把 A 与 B 作比较 命令某人应该做某事(虚拟

cut sth. into halves

cut sth. into two parts cut up 割开;切碎 daily goods 日用品 dance around 到处跳 与 A 相比,B……(B 不用比较级) 祝贺……(取得……的成绩) dance to the music dare to do 敢于……

direct sb. to do

交换意见

direct that sb. should do 伴着音乐跳舞

compared with/to A, B…

discourage sb. from sth./doing 阻碍某人做某事 dislike doing/sb./sth. dive off 从……跳水 ……除以…… 不喜欢……

congratulate sb./sth. (on sth.) congratulations on sth. connect A to B connect A with B

……的祝贺

date back to 起源于、追溯到 date from 起源于、追溯到 day after day 日复一日 day and night 一天到晚

连接 A 与 B(单方面) 连接 A 与 B(两方面) 认为某人做了某事

divide sth. by sth. divide sth. into do a good deed

将……分成 做好事

consider sb. to have done

2013 年高考英語常用短语全归纳
do away with 废除 do damage to 损害 对……有好处(坏处) 一寸不让 研究…… either A or B 是 A 或者是 B(谓语动词就近一致) encourage sb. to do sth. end up with 以……结束 enter for 报名参加 escape being done escape doing sth. escape from sp. 逃避被…… 逃避做…… 从……逃离 鼓励某人做…… feel like doing…/sth. 喜爱(做)…… feel lonely 感到孤单 摸索着前进

do good/harm to sb./sth. do not give in an inch

feel one's way feel out

探索某人的意图

do research on/in/about/into sth. do sb. a favour do sb. good/harm 帮某人一个忙

feel sb. on the head 摸某人的头 feel terrible feel well 感觉不舒服

对某人有好处(坏处) 帮某人忙做……

感觉舒服 这么少的错误

do sb. the favour to do/of doing do sth. alone 自己、靠自己

ever lasting 永不停止的、永远的 every one of sb./sth. ……中的每一个

few such mistakes fight against fight back

与……作斗争、与……交战

do sth. at the right time do sth. by hand do sth. by turns

在合适的时候做某事

every other… every two…

每两个…… 每两个……

回击 为了……而斗争

手工制作(常用被动) 轮流做……、依次做…… 熬夜

fight for sth. figure on figure out fill with find out

except for 除了(用于两种不同的事物) expect sb. to do 期望某人…… 期望某事被……

指望、计划、打算 ①解决 充满 找出、查明 发现……做过…… 发现……正在…… 发现……被…… ②计算出来、合计出

do sth. deep/far into the night do sth. for fun 做……为了取乐 诚实地……

expect sth. to be done expect to be/do

do sth. in good faith do sth. on purpose do up ①系上、扣上 do with 处理 double one's output draw a deep breath draw conclusions

期望会…… 向某人解释…… 向某人解释……

有目的地做 ②收拾整理

explain sth. to sb. explain to sb. sth. export to 向……出口

find sb./sth. do

find sb./sth. doing find sb./sth. done finish off fire at

使(产量等)成倍增长 深呼吸

face to face 面对面(作状语) face-to-face 面对面的(作定语) fail to do 失败、未做成 fall asleep 睡着了 fall behind 落后 fall ill 生病 fall in love with sb. 爱上某人

结束、完成

向……开火 火灾安全出口 ②开除、解雇

下结论 ②引诱 吸引某人注意力 获得快捷利润

fire escape fire out fire up first aid

draw in ①(车)进站 draw one's attention draw quick interest draw up 草拟、拟定 dream of sth./doing drink to 为……干杯 drive sb. to tears drop in at sp. drop in on sb. eager for 渴望 early bird

①消沉、一蹶不振 火冒三丈、发火 急救

first of all 首先 fit club 健身俱乐部 确定……的日期

梦想

fall off 掉下 fall to pieces 消亡、灭亡、分裂、崩溃

fix a time/date for sth./doing fix a time/date to do fix A to B

使某人哭

far and near 远近、到处、四面八方 far and wide 广泛地 far more interesting 更有趣 far more 许多 fast asleep 熟睡 feed on sth. 以……为食 feed sb./sth. with/on sth. feed sth. to sb./sth. feel alone 感到孤单 用……喂养

确定日期做某事

拜访某地 拜访某人

把 A 固定在 B 上 把某人的注意力集中到……上

fix one's attention on sth. fix one's eyes on sth. fix sb. sth.

目不转睛、凝视、把注意力集中在…上

早起者、早到者 谋生

为……准备…… 为……准备……

earn one's living

fix sth. for sb. float off fly over fold up 漂浮

easy-going 随和、平易近人 eat one's words eat up 吃光 收回某人(说过)的话

把……喂养给……

(从上面)飞越 折叠起来

2013 年高考英語常用短语全归纳
follow one's advice on 听从……的建议 follow the rules fool about/around 遵守规则 游手好闲、闲荡 哄骗某人做某事 由于(政治)原因 get along (well) with get broken 弄坏了 get burnt 烧着了 get caught in 遇到 get changed 换衣服 get close to sth./sb. get down to sth./doing 与……接近 开始去做…… ①与某人相处(得好) ②进展(顺利) give a birth to a baby give a hand 帮助 许下诺言 把为 B 准备的……给 A 生小孩

give a promise

fool sb. into doing sth. for (political) reasons for a while 一段时间

give A sth. for B give a talk

做报告;做演讲 想象、思考

give a thought to sb./sth. give an order for sth. give away give back 把……送出去 送回去、拿回去 生产、生育

for ages 很久 for example 例如 for fear that 担心

订购……

get good from sth. 从……中得到好处 get hold of 把握住;抓住 get hurt 受伤了 看在上帝的面上 get in touch with get in 进入 get into ①坐进(轿车、出租车等) ②陷入(某种状态)之中 get into the habit of get it settled 确定 养成……的习惯 与……取得联系

for free 免费的 for God's sake

give birth to give in give off

屈服、投降、让步(不及物) 散发、发出(气味、光线、声音)

for good 永久地、一劳永逸地 for instance for one thing for one's sake for oneself 例如 首先 为……起见

give one's love/wishes/regards to sb. 给某人的(问候等) give out give over ①发出(气味、光线、声音) ②用尽 交托、停止、放弃 搭车 给(收信人)留/传个信 给某人……的建议 ③精疲力尽

为了自己

get married 结婚(强调动作) get off ①下车 ②脱下 与某人(事、物)相处(得好)

give sb. a lift

for sale 准备出售 for the first time for the sake of forbid sb. to do 第一次

give sb. a message

get on (well) with sb./sth. get on the right track get over 恢复、克服

give sb. advice on sth./how to do give sb. sth. 把……给某人 give sth. away 把……送出去 放弃

为……起见 禁止某人做某事 挣扎着站起来

走上正轨

force oneself to one's feet force sb. to do foreign affairs form a habit

get paid ……被付钱、得钱、挣钱 get ready for sth. get rid of 去除 get sb. to do/doing/done get separated 分开 get sth. on ……有某事 为……作准备 让某人…… 准备好……

give up sth./doing

强迫某人做…… 外交事务、外事、外务

give way to 让位给…… go aboard a plane/ship go abroad go after go against Go ahead. 出国 追逐、追求 违背 (口语)鼓励某人做某事、去做吧 起源于 登飞机/船

养成习惯 坦白地说

frankly speaking

free from 没有、免除 from a great distance from cover to cover from door to door from side to side from that time on from the beginning from time to time gain in 获得 generally speaking get across 一般来说 远距离 从头到尾 一家挨着一家 左右摇摆 从那时起 从一开始 时常、经常

get sth. ready for

get through ①接通(电话) ②通过(考试) ③完成(工作、 任务) ④通过(议案、计划) ⑤消息传到…… get tired of sth./doing get to know sb. get to 够得着 get together 聚会 get up to one's feet get word 得到消息 get worse 越来越坏了 站起来 感到厌倦

go all the way back to the time of go bad 变坏 go by 经过 go down go in for 下降、减弱 从事、投身于

(刚刚)认识某人

go mad about sth./doing go missing 不见、丢失 go off ①离去 go off duty 下班 ②变质

痴迷于……,为……疯狂

通过、越过、穿过

2013 年高考英語常用短语全归纳
go on a trip on sp. go on board 游览、参观某地 have an effect on sb. 对……有影响(效果) 做……有困难 humour sense 幽默感 成千上万的(加可数名词复数) 登(船、飞机) have difficulty/trouble (in) doing/sth. have on 穿着…… have one's attention have one's exam ③经历 让某人注意 hundreds of thousands of hunt for hurry off 寻找 快点走 我(不)怀疑……(接宾

go out 出去;(灯火)熄灭 go over to 到……去

go over 温习、复习;检查 go through ①穿过 ②仔细察看

某人考试 让某人……

I (don't) doubt that/if/whether… 语从句)

have sb. do/doing/done have sth. on ……有某事

go to sp. for a holiday go up to 上到……上 go up 上升、增强

到……度假

I can't speak too high of him. 我已经无法用语言形容了。 某人随身带……(常指财务等) 与……有关系 (用于赞美) I suppose sb. be doing sth. I wonder whether/how… if any 如果有 if not more 如果不是更多 我想你应该在做……。

have sth. on/with/about sb.

have sth. to do with sb./sth. have the habit of doing have trouble with sth. have words with sb. head back 调头

go with ①和……一起去 ②(颜色、款式等)搭配 Good luck with your trip. good manner good manners 好方法 有礼貌 祝你一路顺风。

有做……的习惯 做……有麻烦

我想知道……

与某人吵架、口角

if not 如果不 (通过某人)听说…… I'm afraid that… 我害怕……(接宾语从句) 我满足……(接宾语从句)

good-for-nothing 没有用 graduate from grow out of 从……毕业 从……产生、由……而来

hear about sth./sb. (through sb.) hear from 收到……的来信 hear of sth./sb. hear sb./sth. do 听说…… 听说……做过…… 听说……在…… 听说……被…… 听音乐会

I'm satisfied that… I'm sure that…

我确定……(接宾语从句) 想象(某人)做某事 假想……成为……

grow rich 变得富有 guess sb. to be 猜测某人是…… 刚刚做完某事,突然……

imagine (sb.) doing sth. imagine sb./sth. to be imagine that 假想……

hear sb./sth. doing hear sb./sth. done hear the concert

had done sth. when…

hand down 继承、传下去 hand in 上交 hand out 发出去 hand over 递交、转交、移交 hang up 挂断(电话) Hardly…when… 后句不倒装) have a cold 感冒 对……有很大的影响(效果) 高度评价 在……有问题 还没……就…… (部分倒装句式,前句倒装

in (good) order

秩序井然、有序 高(低)声说话 在一百年时间里

heavy smoker 瘾君子(专指吸烟) help sb. out 帮助某人 hit sb. on the… hold a position 打着某人的(身体部位) 处于……(位置、地位)

in a high/low voice

in a hundred years' time in a time in a while in a word in addition 被审讯 一段时间后 一会儿

hold back ①阻止、阻挡 ②缩回来 hold down 阻止;压制 hold for questioning

一句话、简而言之 另外

in advance 提前、事先 in all 总计;一共 in ancient times in astonishment in case of in case 古代 究竟

have a great effect on have a high opinion of have a problem with sth. have a rest 休息

hold on ①别挂断(电话) ②坚持 hold one's breath 屏住呼吸 高昂着头

hold one's head high

hold out ①伸出(手) ②支持、坚持、维持 hold the record 记性不好 跟某人谈话 游览、参观某地 跟某人谈话 hold to 坚持 hold up ①阻挡 honestly speaking ②使……停顿 说句实话 ③抬起 保持纪录

在……的时候、要是

have a seat 坐下 have a short memory have a talk with sb. have a trip on sp. have a word with sb.

以防万一、在……情况下 管理 舒适 与……一样

in charge of in comfort

in common with in common

how to do it 怎么去做(作宾语)

有共同点

2013 年高考英語常用短语全归纳
in despair 绝望 反对、不赞成 in the (1870)'s/(1870)s in the beginning 在开始 某人(事)的情况 在(19)世纪(70)年代 It is believed that… 人们相信…… (后者)比(前者)好 in disapproval in fact 实际上 in favour of in front of 喜爱 在……前面 It is better to do…than to do… It is certain that… It is hoped that…

in the case of sth./sb.

……是确定无疑的 人们希望…… ……重要

in the dark 在暗处(光线弱,用于指地点) in the direction of in the distance in the early days 向……方向

It is important that… It is known that… It is likely that…

in future 从今以后 in general in honour of 一般来说 为了纪念……;为了欢迎…… 带着……的期望

在远方、在远处 早期 在……领域 在接下来的几年里

人们知道…… ……有可能……(可能性一般) ……有必要 做……没有用

in the fields of sth. in the following years in the front of

It is necessary that…

in hopes of doing in many ways in memory of

It is no use/good doing… It is no wonder that…

在不同方面 纪念…… 当今 在某人(50 多岁)时 在某人不在的时候 某人认为…… 某人认为…… 某人寻找…… 在某人的空闲时间

在……内的最前面

……毫无疑问。/……是确定无疑的。 做……没有用

in the future 在未来;在将来 in the hope of doing in the hospital in the last hour in the old days 带着……的期望

It is not any use/good doing… It is one's turn to do sth. It is polite/impolite to do… It is possible that… It is probable that… It is reported that… It is said that…

in modern times

轮到某人做…… ……(不)礼貌。

in one's (fifties) in one's absence in one's judgement in one's opinion

在医院里 在最后几个小时里(用于现在完成时) 过去的时候 在最后(十)年里(用于现在完成时)

……有可能……(可能性最小) ……有可能……(可能性最大) 据报道……

in the past (ten) years in the same way

in one's search for in one's spare time in one's way in order to do in other words

用相同的方法

人们说…… 人们建议…… 我们可以推出结论……

in the sand 在沙子里 in the shade 在树阴下 in the years that followed in the years to come 在接下来的几年里

It is suggested that…

挡某人的路 为了…… 换句话说

It is tempting to conclude that… It is thought that… It is up to sb.(to do) It is useless doing… 人们认为……

在未来几年里

由某人来决定 做……没有用 (强调句型) 某人怎么样 做

in pain 处于痛苦中 in particular in person 亲自 in place of 代替 特别地

in this way 用这种方法 in time 及时 in total 总计;一共 increase by 增加 insist (that) sb. (should) do insist on doing/sth. insist that… 坚持……

It is/was+被强调部分+连词+从句 It is+adj.+of sb. =sb. is adj.

It is+n.+for sb. to do sth. = To do sth. is n. for sb. 坚持要某人做某事(虚拟语气) 某事对某人是…… It makes no difference. It occurred to sb. that… It seems that… It seems to sb.… 看起来…… 在某人看来…… 没有什么区别。 某人忽然意识到……

in place 在适当位置上 in practice 在实践中 in praise of sb. in reach 够得着 in return 回报 in search of in silence 寻找…… 沉默地、不作声地 为了赞颂……、为了表扬……

坚持说、坚持主张

intend for 为……准备 intend to do 打算去做 invite sb. to sp. 邀请……到…… It appears/appeared (to sb.) that… 对某人来说好像…… 是该做……

It seems/looks/sounds as if/though… 像……(有虚拟语气形式) It so happened that… It turned out that… join in 偶然地、碰巧

看起来(听起来)好

in space 在太空 in spite of doing/sth. in that case 尽管

It is (high) time (that) sb. did/should do 的时候了(虚拟语气) It is A not B…

好像……(接主语从句)

如果那样的话

是 A 不是 B(谓语动词与 A 一致) 很高兴做某事

参加(大型活动) 参加……(接名词,表示活动)

in that 因为、在……方面说

It is a pleasure to do…

join sb. in

2013 年高考英語常用短语全归纳
judge by/from 以……来判断…… Lantern Festival 元宵节(灯笼节) laugh at sb. 嘲笑某人 laugh sb. off one's fears 阻止、远离 保持一定距离 密切地关注…… 使某人发笑来减轻恐惧 把一个人仰卧平放在某处 look in look into 寻找 调查研究 把……当作 Judging by/from…, 从……判断,…… jump with joy 高兴地跳起来

look on sb./sth. as Look out. look over 小心。

keep (sb./sth.) away from

lay the person on his/her back lead a simple life 朴素地生活

keep a certain distance away keep a strict eye on sb./sth. keep as a young man 年轻时候

①检查②视察

lead to 引起、导致、带来 leave for sp. 到某地

look sb./sth. up and down 仔细打量…… look through lose heart 浏览 失去信心 丧命

keep back ①阻止、阻挡、使……后退 keep fit 保持身体健康 keep good hours 保持良好的生活节奏 与……保持联系

②扣留、保留

leave sb. alone

把……留下

leave sb. doing 使人处于某种状态 leave sth. to chance leave sth. to sb./sth. ……靠运气、……听天由命 把……留给…… 从 ( 最近的出口 )

lose one's life/lives lose one's sight lose one's temper lose one's way lose touch with lose weight 失明

keep in touch with keep off 使……离开 keep on doing sth.

发脾气

leave the hotel by (the nearest exit) 持续做某事 遵守某人的诺言 离开宾馆 let in 让……进来 let sb. down 让……失望 lie around 闲置、到处都是 让某人一直做某事 阻止某人做某事 lie in ①位于(内部) ②在于、源于 lie on ①与……接壤

迷路 与……失去联系

keep one's promise/words keep out 使……不进入 keep quiet 保持安静

减少体重 (正确地)使用 打电话

make (good) use of make a (phone) call make a choice make a decision make a fire 生火

keep sb. doing sth.

作出选择 下决心

keep sb. from doing sth. keep silent 保持沉默

②(城市)位于(河、湖、海边)

lie on one's back 仰卧着 lie still 一直躺着 lie to 与……接壤或接近 light up 放光芒、放光彩 like doing 喜爱做(指经常发生) like to do 愿意做(特指某一次) 与某人亲吻再见/问好 敲门、窗 line up to 满足……的要求 listen for 等着听(钟声、节目等) live a simple life 朴素地生活 住在两个分离的房间里

keep sth. in check keep the record keep the rules

阻止、防止、阻碍

make a fool of oneself make a fresh start make a fun of sb. make a good effort make a hit

出丑、丢脸

保持纪录 遵守规则

作出一个新的开始 对某人开玩笑 作出很大的努力

keep up 维持、保持(精神状态) key points 要点

受……欢迎 在……起作用

kiss each other goodbye/hello knock at/on the door/window knock down 绊倒 撞见、突然碰见

make a part in

make a plan for 为……制订计划 make a promise 许下诺言 make a search for make a trip 寻找

knock into sb. knock over 撞翻

live in separate rooms live on sth. 以……为生

(因公)旅行 努力去做

knock sb./sth. off… knock sth. into sth. knock sth. out of sth. know about sb. labour force

把某人(物)从……撞掉 敲进…… 从……中敲出来

load with 承载、负担 long before 很久以前(常用于一般过去时、过去完成时) look by 旁观 look down upon look for ahead look for 寻找 look forward(s) to doing/sth. 期待 贱视、鄙视、看不起 向前看

make an effort to do make arrangements

做安排 为……做出贡献

make contributions to sth./doing make ends meet oneself make for 朝……冲去 不回答 维持生计

认识(听说过)某人 劳动力 用脚着地

land on its legs land on 降落

make no answer make noise

发出噪音

2013 年高考英語常用短语全归纳
make one's living (by doing) make one's way make out 辨认出 make progress 取得进步 给某人留个地方 使……、让……(如名词做 开辟道路 (以……)谋生 move around 绕着……来回转 much interesting 更有趣 更便宜 Not A but B… not a little not all 不都 不再(表动作或状态) 不再(表次数) 不是 A 而是 B……(谓语动词与 B 一致) 很、非常

much less expensive

much too 太(接形容词) must have done 一定做完了(某事) 一定在……(对正在发生的情况推测) 一定是一直在…… (对发生在

not any longer not any more not both 不都

make room for sb.

make sb./sth. do/done/adj./n. 宾补,则仅指职位) make sense of sth. make sth. into sth. make sth. out of sth.

must/might be doing

must/might have been doing 使……变得明确 把……变成…… 用……做…… 按某人身材做(衣服等) 把……作为……的基地

Not only A but (also) B… B 一致) Not only…, but also… 式,前句倒装后句不倒装) Not until…did… 倒装后句倒装)

不但 A,而且 B……(谓语动词与

过去,现在仍在进行的情况进行推测) name out 说出 name plate 标牌、胸卡 named after 以……命名 natural gift 天赋 need doing/to be done need have done need sb. to do 需要(被)……

不仅 …… ,而且……(部分倒装句

make sth. to one's own measure make sth./sp. the base for sth. Make sure(certain) that… make up ①编造 ②和好 组成 ⑤打扮

直到……才…… (部分倒装句式,前句不

确信……(祈使句)

not…at all 一点也不 not…in the least not…other than 一点也不 没有……,除了…… 除了……没有别的 注意……做过…… 注意……正在…… 注意……被……

③凑足(钱)、 使……完整 ④构成、

本来用做的(却没做)(虚拟语气) 需要某人去做…… 本来不用做的(却做了)(虚拟语气) 既不是 A 也不是 B(谓语动词就近一致)

make up one's mind (to do) make use of sth. manage to do

下决心(去做)

needn't have done neither A nor B

nothing but/except notice sb./sth. do

使用、利用……去做某事

设法做成…… 人造工程/卫星

next to 紧挨着、靠近 no better than 与……一样差 no later than 不迟于 no longer 不再(表动作或状态) no matter how = however no matter what = whatever no matter when = whenever no matter where = wherever 不管、不论(引导让步状语从句) 不管什么(引导让步状语从句) 不管什么时候(引导让步状语从句) 不管在哪里(引导让步状语从句)

notice sb./sth. doing notice sb./sth. done now and then now that

man-made project/satellite

many a 不只一个(接可数名词单数,谓语动词用单数) many happy returns of the day marry A to B 把 A 嫁(娶)给 B 可能做完了(某事) 每天都快乐

有时;不时地

既然(引导原因状语从句) 遵守规则 反对、不赞成

obey the rules

may/might have done mean doing

object to sth./doing of one's own of oneself

意味着……

属于某人自己的 自动地、自己就……

mean that 意味着……(接从句) mean to do 打算……

no matter who = whoever 不管谁(引导让步状语从句) no more than ①两者都不…… no more 不再(表次数) no more…that… No sooner…than… 后句不倒装) no wonder 怪不得、难怪 Nobody but A… 用单数) nod to 向……点头 not a bit 一点也不 除了 A 以外没有人(谓语动词与 nobody 一致, 两者都不…… 一……就…… (部分倒装句式, 前句倒装 ②只有、仅

of+no/great+interest/help/value/use/important/ … +to sb. ……对某人(没)有…… offer (sb.) money for sth. offer (sb.) sth. for money offer sb. sth. 出价、买 要价、卖

meet one's needs/demands/requirements 满足某人的需求 meet the demands/needs/requirements of sb. 满足某人的需求 meet the standard of 满足……的要求 ②符合、迎合、契合

meet with ①碰见、偶然遇见 mention sth. to sb. mention to sb. sth. middle ages mix A with B 中世纪 用 B 与 A 混合

提供……给某人 提供……给某人

向某人提起…… 向某人提起……

offer sth. to sb. offer to do Olympic Games

提出要做…… 奥林匹克运动会 从电视上

on (the) television on arrival on average 一到那里 平均

mix sb. up sth.

把某人卷入某事中

more than one 不只一个(接可数名词单数,谓语动词用单数)

2013 年高考英語常用短语全归纳
on condition that On doing……,…… 以……为条件 一……就……(后接从句) ②究竟 only/but/all too pleased/happy/thankful to do 做……太 高兴/感谢了 operate on sb. operation on sp. opposite direction 给某人做手术 在某位置动手术 相反方向 persuade sb. into doing persuade sb. out of doing pick on pick out pick up 挑选 挑选;挑剔 挑选 ①捡起 ②接收(广播等) ③接某人 ④学会 ⑤ 说服某人去做 说服某人不去做

on earth ①在地球上 on one's arrival on one's feet on one's own

在某人抵达的路上

走路 自己、靠自己 在某人去……的路上

or rather 或者说、更进一步说 order (that) sb. (should) do ought not to have done ought to have done 在某国(西)海岸 命令某人应该做某事(虚拟语气)

⑥购买

on one's way to sp. on purpose

plan a bicycle trip 计划一次自行车旅行 plan to do 计划做…… 对某人开玩笑

故意的、特意的

不应该做(却做了)

on sale 正在出售 on the (west) coast of some country on the contrary on the earth on the edge of on the left 相反

应该做(却没做)

play a joke with sb. play a part in

out of breath 上气不接下气 out of one's reach 够不着

在……起作用 对某人开玩笑

play a trick on sb. play against sb. play on words

在地球上 在……的边缘

out of order 坏了、无秩序、乱放 out of the reach of sb. over and over again 某人够不到

与……比赛

语言游戏

在左边 另一边

一次又一次、再三

play the part of sb. 演……的角色 plenty of 大量(接可数、不可数名词) 零用钱、零花钱

on the other side on the radio

over the radio over the years

从收音机里 这几年里 把某人的成功归功于别人 感谢某人

从收音机里

pocket money point at

on the right 在右边 on the sands 在沙滩上 两边

owe one's success to sb. owe one's thanks to sb. owe sb. sth. 欠某人某物 owe sth. to sb.

指……(人)(有不礼貌的含义) 观点

point of view point out point to pour in 指出

on the two sides on the whole

整体上

把……归于……

指向…… 倾倒 停电 练习…… 比起做(后者)宁愿做(前者)

on time 准时、按时 once a while once again 有时、偶尔 再次、又一次 偶尔、有时

pass away 病故、病逝 pass down 继承、传下去 pass on a message to sb. pass on 传递 pass the exam 考试及格 pay (special/little/much) attention to sth./ doing 对……(特别/不/很)注意 pay a visit to sp. pay back the money pay money for sth. 游览、参观某地 还钱 付……的钱 还清钱/债务 给(收信人)留/传个信

power failure

practise sth./doing

once in a while

prefer doing… to doing… prefer sb. to do… prefer sth. to sth. prefer to do…

once more 再次、又一次 once upon a time one after another 很久以前 一个接一个 一年半

想让某人去做…… (前者)比起(后者)更好

比起……更愿意…… 比起……更愿意……

one and a half years

prefer to do…rather than do… prepare oneself for pretend to be doing pretend to do

one another 互相、彼此 one day 某一天 one person in ten 十个人中有一个 十个人中有一个

为……作准备(接抽象事物) 假装正在做……

pay off the money/debt

假装…… 阻止……做某事

one person out of ten one such+n.

pay one's way 付……的路费 permit doing/sb. to do 允许(某人)做某事

prevent sb./sth. from doing

这样一个……(名词用单数) 某人对……的态度

promise (sb.) to do 承诺做某事 promise sb. sth. 把……借给某人 把……借给某人 建议某人应该做某事(虚拟

one's attitude to/towards sth. one-sided view 片面的看法 only to find 结果却发现

persist in 坚持(行动等)、固执己见 personal affairs 私事 说服某人(不)去做

promise sth. to sb.

persuade sb. (not) to do

propose (that) sb. (should) do

2013 年高考英語常用短语全归纳
语气) protect sb./sth. from being done/sth. prove sb. to be 证实某人…… 为某人提供…… 为某人提供…… 保护……免于 range from sth. to sth. 包括从……到…… reach an agreement 达成共识 体会字里行间的意思 result in 导致 把……归还…… 复原 return sth. to sb. return to normal return to sp. right away right now ring back ring off

read between the lines read for sb. 给某人读 read one's thoughts

provide sb. with sth. provide sth. to sb. pull on 匆忙穿上 purified water push over 推倒 put a question 纯净水

回到……

读懂某人(的心思)

马上、立刻 马上、立刻 回电话 挂断(电话) 抢某人的……

read sb. sth. 给某人读…… read sth. to sb. 给某人读……

read through 浏览、看完 提出问题 停止、结束…… 设……税 read well 读得好 receive (his doctor's) degree reduce sb./sth. to sth./doing refer to ①指的是 refer to sth. as regard sb./sth. as 获得(博士)学位 使……沦落为、降格为

rob sb. of sth. rot away 腐烂

put a stop to sth. put a tax on sth.

round the clock run about run around 到处跑

昼夜地

put aside 放一边、置之不理 put away ①收拾、整理 put down ①写下、记下 put forward 提出、传出 ②打消……(念头) ②伤心

②指到、说到、提及、谈到 把……看作 当作、认为

到处跑 以……的速度前进

run at a speed of sth. run at top speed run in 追捕 run off 跑开、跑掉

regret doing 悔恨做过…… regret to do 后悔去…… rely on sb. 依赖某人 remain in business 继续营业 身体不好

全速前进

put off ①推迟 ②去除 put on airs 忘乎所以、飘飘然 演出

put on performances put on weight put on 穿、戴 put one's heart into put out the fire

run out of sth. run out run short rush hour 用尽 短缺

……用光了

增加体重

remain in poor health

remember doing 想起来做过 用心于……、专心于…… remember sb. to sb. remember to do 把某人关进监狱 将电话接到…… 让某人记住某人

交通拥挤时间 安然无恙 满足某人的需求

扑灭火

想起来该做 让某人想起……、提醒某人……

safe and sound

put sb. in/into prison put sb. through to sb. put sb. to death

remind sb. of sth./sb. remind sb. that reply that…

satisfy one's needs/demands/requirements save sth. for 节约、节省 say hello to sb. say to oneself 向某人问好 心里想 下决心去……

提醒某人……

打死…… 麻烦某人做某事

回答说

put sb. to the trouble of doing put sth. into/in practice put through

reply to 答复 report sth. to sb. report to sb. sth. 向某人汇报…… 向某人汇报…… 要求某人应该做某事(虚拟

投入(运用于)实践

sb. be determined to do

使……通过、完成 ②张贴 ③留某人住

sb. be encouraged to do sth. 某人被鼓励…… sb. be familiar with sth. sb. be forced to do 某人对……熟悉

put up ①搭建、 建立 put up with quantities of quite a few 忍受

request (that) sb. (should) do 语气) require (that) sb. (should) do 语气) require doing/to be done require to do sth.

某人被强迫…… 很可能…… 与……结婚

大量(接可数、不可数名词,谓语动词用复数) 许多 许多

要求某人应该做某事(虚拟

sb. be likely to do sb. be married to sb.

quite a lot of rain drop 雨滴 raise a cheer

要求(被)……

sb. be not oneself

某人状态不好 很高兴……

请求……

sb. be pleased to do…/at doing… sb. be pleased with sth. sb. be said to do

发出欢呼 提出问题

rest room 厕所 result from 由于

对……感到高兴、满意

raise a question

某人将要……

2013 年高考英語常用短语全归纳
sb. be supplied with sth. sb. be supposed to do 某人被提供…… see sb. seated there see sb. sitting there 看见某人坐在那儿 看见某人坐在那儿 看见某人做…… settle oneself 使某人自己稳定下来 解决问题 与……握手 与某人共享 倒班、轮换值班 震惊全世界 某人应该去做 某人本来应该做(却没做) 某人对做某事 settle the problem shake hands with sb. share sth. with sb. shift round the clock shock the whole world 好像…… shoot at

sb. be supposed to have done

see sb./sth. do/doing/done see to 负责、照料 seek for 寻找

sb. be sure/certain of(about) sth./doing 有把握 sb. be sure/certain to do sb. be thought of/as

某人一定会做……

seek the sun 赶潮流 seem to be+n./adj. seem to do…

……被当作

朝……射击,瞄准 应该做(却没做)(虚拟语气) 不应该做(却做了)(虚拟语气)

sb. be used to doing/sth. 习惯于……、适应…… sb. be wanted on the phone 某人打来电话

好像……

should have done

self-trust 自信 sell well 卖得好 send away ①派遣 send back 退还 send for ①派人去请 send in 请进、领进 send off ①送行 ②寄信 ③发出邀请 给某人的…… ②邮购(不可分) ③送某人 ②开除、解雇

shouldn't have done shout at sb. shout to sb.

sb. do so/such…as to do 某人做得……是为了…… sb. end sth. with sth. 某人以……结束…… 某人发现(很难)做某事 习惯于……、适应

向某人喊(有不礼貌的含义) 向某人喊 带某人参观

sb. find sth. (hard) to do sb. get used to doing/sth. sb. happen to do

show (sb.) around show (sb.) in show (sb.) out show off

带进、领进 带出、领出

某人恰好做某事

sb. have been married for (3 years) ……已经结婚(3 年)了 sb. have no doubt that… 某人对……不容怀疑 早 / 午 / 晚饭

夸耀、显示 向某人表达敬意、尊敬某人

send one's love/wishes/regards send out ①派出

show one's respect to sb. since then

sb. have sth. for breakfast/lunch/supper 吃…… sb. knock oneself against sth. sb. need sth. done

②发出(气味、光线、声音等) ③寄出(邀

从此以后(用现在完成时) 高度评价

请、通知等) ④发芽 某人撞到……上 send round/around 传递、传阅 send up 使……上升;发射 sentence sb. to death separate A from B 某人想知道是否…… 宁愿去做 判某人死刑(常用被动)

sing high praise for slip out 悄悄地溜出去

某人需要某事物被做 某人好像做(完)某事

smooth away so as to do

摆脱、去除 为了…… 据我所知,……

sb. seems to do/to have done sb. used to do 过去常常

将 A 和 B 分开 给某人树立了好榜样

So far as I know/see,… so far 至今为止 so few mistakes

sb. wonder if/whether… sb. would prefer to do… Scarcely…when… 装后句不倒装) scores of (people) search for sb./sth.

set a good example to sb. set about doing 开始去做

这么少的错误 ……是这样。(用于指某人具有两方

还没……就…… (部分倒装句式,前句倒

set aside 放一边、置之不理 set fire to sth. 给……放火

So it is/was with sb.. 面不同情况) So it is/was So long. so that

一群(人) 寻找…… 在……寻找……

set in 局限于 set off for sp. 到某地 set out for sp. 出发去某地

……是这样。

(口语)再见。 以便(接从句) 太……以致……(接从句) 解决问题

search sp. for sb./sth. seat oneself 坐在……

set out to do 开始去做 set phrases 固定短语 set sb. free 把……释放 set up a record set up for sp. 创立纪录 到某地

so…that…

see about 考虑 see around 四处看、环顾

solve the problem some day some one some time some times 某一天 某个人/物 一段时间 几次

see New Year in 等待新年到来(单用) see off ①送行 ②发出邀请 see out 把……送出去 see over 检查

set up 建立组织(团体、机构等) settle down 定居、安居

someone else's (book)

别人的(书)

2013 年高考英語常用短语全归纳
something as follows sooner or later 迟早 高度评价某人、夸耀某人 大(小)声说话 通电话 需要以下东西 sth. closed with sth. 以……结束…… switch off 切断(电源开关等) (积极地)参加 从(湖)的对面搭一艘船 sth. cost sb. some money ……花某人多少钱 sth. determine sb. to do sth. do/does/did not help ……使某人下决心做某事 ……不起作用 take (an active) part in

speak highly of sb.

take a boat from across the (lake) take a deep breath 深呼吸

speak in a high/low voice speak into the telephone speed up 加速 spend time in doing

sth. had not done…when 某事还没做多久时…… sth. happen to sb. 某人遇到某事 维持多长时间

take a message for sb. take a message to sb. take a rest take a seat take a taxi take a trip take after 休息 坐下

为(发信人)留个信 给(收信人)留/传个信

在做……上花费时间(doing 为现在分词)

sth. last sb. some time sth. stand on end

spend time on sth./doing 在……上花费时间(doing 为动名词) spit out 吐出 stand for 代表、表示 stand still 一直站着 stare at 盯着 start a fire start doing start for sp. start to do stay silent stay still 生火 开始(继续)做(刚做过的事) 到某地 开始做(另一件事) 保持沉默 一直呆着

直立、挺立

stick in 陷进……、困入…… stick to 坚持(信念、观点、原则、决定、计划、诺言);粘上 stop doing 停止做某事 stop sb./sth. (from) doing store up 贮藏、储藏 strictly speaking strike a match struggle against struggle for sth. 严格地说 阻止……做某事

找出租车、打的 (因私)旅行 ①长得像 携带 再吃两粒药 ②追赶(美国英语)

take along

take another two pills take around take aside take away take back take care 带人参观 把人带到一边 拿走 ①拿回 小心 控制

划一根火柴 与……作斗争、与……交战 为了……而斗争 挣扎着站起来

②退缩

struggle to one's feet

stay up 挺立;熬夜 step by step 一步一步地

struggle with 与……作斗争、与……交战 succeed in doing sth. such as 就像、比如 suffer from 遭受 suggest (that) sb. (should) do 语气) suggest doing…/sth. 建议(做)…… suggest sth. to sb. suggest that… 建议某人做某事 建议某人应该做某事(虚拟 做……成功

take control of take down take from take in

①写下、记下 ②拿下 从……取得 ①欺骗 ②收留 ③吸入、拿进来 ②掉以轻心 认为……是理所当然的

step into 走到……(内部) step onto 走到……(表面) sth. be being built ……正在建设 毫无疑问 ……被……看作

take it easy

①别紧张、放松

sth. be beyond question

take it for granted that… take measures 采取措施 没有注意

sth. be considered (to be) sth. be familiar to sb. sth. be in question sth. be on sale

某人对……熟悉

take no notice of take notes 做记录

……在考虑范围之内

表明、暗示 建议某人做某事

……正被出售 毫无疑问

suggest to sb. sth.

take notice that take off ①起飞 就职

把……列入考虑、对……注意 ②脱下 ③离开

sth. be out of question

suit his act to the needs of the (students) 使他的行为 适合(学生)的要求 supply sb. with sth. supply sth. to sb. suppose sb. to be suppose sb. to do suppose that… 将……供应给…… 将……供应给…… 猜想某人会…… 猜想某人会做……

sth. be out of the question 不可能的、不合情理的 sth. be supplied to sb. sth. be taken for 某物被提供给…… ②误认为……

take office take on

①呈现、显现

②雇佣

③承担(工作)

①被当作、被看作

take one's attention take one's exam

吸引某人注意

sth. be to the taste sth. be used as sth. be used for sth. be used to do

适合……的口味、品味

某人考试

……被当作 ……被用作 ……被用来做

take one's leave 离开 take one's time take out (of sp.) 不着急、慢慢来 (从……)拿出

猜想……

swim to sp. 向……游

2013 年高考英語常用短语全归纳
take over ①继承 ②接管 给……拍照片 怜悯(可怜)…… the attitude to/towards sth. the ban on sth./doing the cost of living 对……的态度 There is no need for sb. to do… There is no need to do… 对某人没有必要…… take photographs of sb./sth. take pity/mercy on sb./sth. take place 发生 以……自豪 带某人去某地 认真对待…… ……的禁令 没有必要…… 做……没有意义 做……没有困难。

生活的花费

There is no point in doing sth. There is no trouble in doing… There seem(s) to be… There used to be…

the damage to 对……的毁坏 the entrance to sp. the first time ……的入口

take pride in

看起来……

take sb. up to sp.

第一次(引导时间状语从句) 第一次做 解决……的关键

过去曾经有…… 对某人没有必要做某事

take sb./sth. seriously take sides in take sides with take sth. as take sth. for 参加、参与

the first+n.+to do the key to doing

There's no need for sb. to do… think about 考虑 高度评价、夸耀 把……当作 ①想到

站在……一边

the key to the door 门钥匙 the last sentence but one ②误认为…… the level of the sea the lines of the play the majority of+c.n.pl. 谓语动词用复数) the majority 大多数人(谓语动词单复数均可) the minute 这一分钟(引导时间状语从句) the moment 这一刻(引导时间状语从句) the more…, the more… 比较级) the number of the ③跟着别人说 ④从 用单数) the other day (不久前)有一天 the other 另一个(有范围) ……的数量(接可数名词复数;谓语动词 越 …… ,越……(more 指形容词 倒数第二句

think highly of think of sb. as

把……看作 ①当作、看作

海平面 戏剧的台词 大多数的……(接可数名词复数,

think of sth./sb./doing think over 仔细想

②考虑

take sth. for granted take sth./sb. for

认为……是理所当然的

①把……当作(看作) ②误认为……是 把……做例子

think sb./sth. (to be) +n./adj. (物)…… think well of sb. through the street throughout the world throw away throw up tie A to B 扔掉 呕吐 把 A 绑到 B 上 一次又一次 对……评价很高 穿街过巷 全世界

认为某人

take sth./sb./doing for example take the place of 取代、代替

take this street/road

走这条街(路)

take to ①喜爱 ②养成(某种恶习) take turns at doing take turns to do sth. take two more pills 轮流做…… 轮流做…… 再吃两粒药 ②拿起

take up ①占据(时间、空间) 事 talk of 谈到 talk to oneself talking of 自己对自己说

time and time again time to do to do what

是做……的时候了 怎么去做(作主语) 令……高兴的是……

the others 其余全部(有范围) the reason for sth. ……的原因 之所以……是因为……

to one's joy/delight to one's surprise to oneself 对自己

谈起、谈到 爱不释手

令……惊奇的是……

tear oneself away from tell lies/a lie 说谎

The reason why…is that… the rest of 剩下的 区分 A 和 B 的不同 the road to sp. 到……的路

to tell the truth

说句实话 令人高兴

tell the difference between A and B tend to do 倾向

to the joy/delight of sb. too many too much track down

the same as 与……一样 成千上万的(加可数名词复数) the second 这一秒(引导时间状语从句) the students' union the talk 话题 the two of sb. the very thing 也就是说,…… 问题的答案 the way to sp. 两个人都…… 就是那个东西 ……的路 毫无疑问……/……是确定无疑的。 学生会

太多(接可数名词复数) ①太多(接不可数名词) ②太多的事(作主语) 侦察、追察 进行、从事……贸易 为了获得……而出卖…… 与某人交易…… 将(一种语言)翻译成(另一种语言) 对待……好像……(有虚拟语

tens of thousands of than before than usual thanks for 比以前 比平时 多亏了

trade in sth.

trade sth. for sth. trade sth. with sb. translate…into…

thanks to 幸亏、由于 That is (to say),…

the answer/key to the question

There is no doubt that…

treat sb./sth. as if/though

2013 年高考英語常用短语全归纳
气形式) treat sth. as 把……看作 wake up 叫醒、唤醒 want doing/to be done 想要(被)…… want sb. to do 想让某人去做 警告某人不要做…… wish that wish to do 希望(虚拟语气) 希望做……

trust in 信仰(宗教等) try doing 尝试去做 try one's best to do 尽某人最大的努力做…… try one's fortune try to do 努力去做 turn a blind eye to 对……视而不见、熟视无睹 turn a deaf ear to turn against 背叛 对……听而不闻、置若罔闻 试运气

with great care 小心翼翼 with this method within reach 用这种方法

warn sb. not/never to do warn sb. of sth.

向某人发出对……的警报

够得着 对……感到惊讶、疑虑

wash away (水)冲走 wash out 冲洗干净 wash well 洗得好 Watch out. 小心。 water closet 厕所 wave hello/goodbye to sb. 与某人握手问好/道别

wonder at/about wonder to do

惊奇地……、对……感到惊奇

wonder+(疑问词)+to do 想知道…… Word came, that… work at sp. work on sth. worry about worse still ……消息传来了。

在……工作 进行……工作 担心 更糟糕的是 想让某人去做 与其做某事不如做某事

turn away 转身 turn down ①调小声 turn for the worse turn into 变成 turn off 关闭 turn on 打开 turn out (to be)+adj./n. turn out 出来 turn over 翻动、翻转 turn sth. into 把……变成 向某人求助 结果是 ②拒绝 越来越坏了

wave sb. hello/goodbye 与某人握手问好/道别 way of life 生活方式 wear out ①穿坏了 ②消耗掉了、筋疲力尽 ……多么令人感到可耻! 某人过去常常做什么? 你这句话什么意思?

would like sb. to do

What a shame to do sth.! What did sb. use to do?

would prefer to do than do would rather sb. did…

更愿意让某人做…… 与其做某事不如做某事

What do you mean by the sentence?

would rather to do than do write articles for sth.

What the hell is that! 什么鬼地方! 什么玩意儿! What time is it by your watch? what to do 怎么去做(作宾语) What's going on? 正在发生什么事? 你的表几点钟了?

给……写文章 写有关(许多学科)的文章

write articles on (many subjects) write down 写下、记下

turn to sb. (for help)

write sth. for a newspaper year after year

给报纸写文章

turn to 把(注意力)转向…… turn up ①调大声 ②出现 turn yellow/green/… two shoe stores two women doctors under control 变黄(绿、……)

what's more. 更多的是;另外 What's the population of sp.? What's up? 发生了什么事? when and where whether … or … 何时何地(谓语动词用单数) 不管 ……人口是多少?

年复一年(不变)

year by year

逐年(有变化) 你最好做……。

You'd better do sth. You've got to.

两家鞋店 两个女医生

你非做不可。

受控制 受控制 在某人的指导下

Why don't you do…? 为什么不……? Why not do…? 为什么不……? win a majority 赢得大多数的(承认、同意、支持等) wind one's way 蜿蜒前行、迂回前进 把……缠绕在……上 上(钟表的)发条

under management

under one's direction under the pressure until recently upside down use up 用尽 Used sb. to do sth.? using ability

在压力之下

直到最近

wind sth. around sth. wind the clock/watch wipe out 杀光

颠倒着(作状语)

某人过去常常做……吗?

wish for sth. 希望得到…… wish sb. n./adj. wish sb. to do 希望某人…… 希望某人做……

使用的能力 等待某人(做……)

wait for sb. (to do)


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