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江苏省邳州市第二中学高一英语课件:高考完形填空(牛津译林版)


为你成功获取高分支招

What do you see here?

What do you see here?

格式塔心理学:
当看见不完整的事物时,人们根据脑子 里对事物的完整概念,会在思想上把它补全.

补全心理

补全心理

基于语

篇 综合语用

什么玩艺儿?
要求很高很暴力

约350字的美文

长啥样?

09--11江苏完形体裁与字数


09 10 11








331 378 354



议论文 记叙文 议论文

约350字美文

实词多虚词少

长啥样?

09--11江苏完形考点分布
试 卷 09
10 11

动 词 6
7 10

名 词 5
6 7

形 容 词 2
5 0

副 词 2
1 1

介 词 3
0 0

连 词 2
1 1

代 词 0
0 1

数 词 0
0 0

约350字的美文

实词多虚词少

长啥样?
** 重语境选最佳

“纸老虎”

重整体

咋办呢?

Isolated words don’t make sense.

Isolated words don’t make sense.

“纸老虎”

重整体

咋办呢?
换角度

完形填空解题

“三字经”
抓住整体

读 填

推敲细节



通读检查

通读全文

首/末段 段首句

读啥?
体裁 篇章大意

读啥?

关键词

(例1)Evelyn Glennie was the first lady of solo percussion in Scotland. In an interview, she recalled how she became a percussion soloist (打击 乐器独奏演员) in spite of her disability. …

夹叙夹议,叙议结合
…Follow your passion(酷爱); Follow your heart. They will lead you to the place you want to go.” (08江苏卷)

关键词 (例2)The requirements for high school graduation have just changed in my community. As a result, all students must 36 sixty hours of service learning, 37 they will not receive a diploma. Service learning is … Supporters claim that there are many 41 of service learning. … 47 there are many benefits, opponents (反 对者) 48 problems with the new requirement. First,... 议论文(正反观点对比题) In my view,… (09江苏)

读啥?

试填:41:benefits/advantages

完形填空体裁特点及应考策略

体裁 记 叙 文 议 论 文 说 明 文


? 事--理 ? 理—事







? 理清事情来龙去脉 ? 作者的态度和情感 ? 叙议结合 ?分清话题与观点 ?论点与论据相印证

?话题—正反/作者观点 ?论点—论据—结论

? 事物或事理的说明

? 弄清说明对象





咋填啊?
词*

文化、常识

语篇、呼应


情景构建

文化背景\生活常识 (例3)I made my sandwich that afternoon while waiting for Cassie. 39the butter-cream gave me an idea.
(08湖南卷)

39.A. Spreading B. Boiling C. Baking D. Holding

前后呼应 (例4)

(首段)…she became a percussion soloist (打击 乐器独奏演员) in spite of her disability.

“Early on I decided not to allow the opinions of others to stop me from becoming a musician. …

文章格调呼应

句意呼应

(末段) I would encourage people not to allow themselves to be 55 by others. Follow your passion; Follow your heart. They will lead you to the place you want to go.” (08江苏)

A. directed B. guided C. taught D. limited

语篇结构
(例5)Supporters claim that there are many benefits of service learning. Perhaps most importantly, students are forced to think beyond their own interests and become aware of the needs of others. Students are also able to learn real-life skills that include responsibility, problem-solving, and working as part of a team. 45 , students can explore possible careers through service learning.(09江苏) 45. A. Gradually C . Luckily B. Finally D. Hopefully

情景构建
(例6) “They are experienced laborers who know how to spread the weight of the rocks they carry . See how the man positions the rock just at the slope of his 43 . Some of the rock’s weight is set 44 his head, some on the right hand and some on the left hand. His body isn’t bent. His legs are well 45. ” (08江西) 43. A. shoulder B. back C. chest D. arms 44. A. on B. against C. toward D. under 45.A.supported B. grasped C. placed D. strengthened

句法


逻辑

句法
(例7) When we look at it as a whole, we begin to have some 42 , which even the best guide-books do not answer. (08安徽) 42. A. ideas C. feelings B. opinions D. questions

逻辑关系
(例8)In my view, service learning is a great way to contribute to the community, learn new skills, and explore different careers. 53 , I don' t believe you should force people to help others . (09江苏) 53. A. Therefore C. Besides B. Otherwise D. However

词义

搭配


再 现 *

词义 (例9)Second, they believe that forcing students to work without 51 goes against the law.(09江苏) 51. A. cost B. pay C. care. D. praise

搭配 (例10)

…I was completely deaf. … …I play in my stocking feet and can 43 the pitch of a note (音调高低) by the vibrations (振动). (08江苏)
43. A. tell B. see C. hear D. smell

复现
(例11) “After that, I established myself as the first full-time solo percussionist. I 51 and arranged a lot of musical compositions since few had been written specially for solo percussionists.. (08江苏) 51. A. wrote B. translated C. copied D. read 原词复现 (例12)Garth’s e-mail was short, but I learned more from that 52 message than I ever did from a textbook. (08山东卷) 52. A. accurate B.urgent C. brief D. humorous

同义词、近义词复现

重新审视全文

检查整体性



读她一次

验证修改答案

完形填空解题

“三字经”
抓住整体

读 填

推敲细节



通读检查

排除法

答案分配规律

最后一招

某生高考完形填空答案: DBBCC CBDBA CDDAB CBDDB
A:2 B:7
四处连选

惨了

09--11年江苏完形答案分布

卷 09


A 4


B 6


C 6


D 4

二 连 选 1 2
0

三 连 选 0 0
0

四 连 选 0 0
0

10
11

5
6

6
5

4
4

5
5

排除法

答案分配规律

最后一招
蒙一个,快闪

10江苏完形解读
Another person’s enthusiasm was what set me moving toward the success I have achieved. That person was my stepmother. …

You can communicate that power to anyone who needs it. This is probably the greatest work you can do with your enthusiasm.
抒情--叙事--感想

10江苏
36
41 46 51

37
42 47 52

38
43 48 53

39
44 49 54

40
45 50 55

10江苏完形解读之

37题

词义辨析 这小家伙因是最坏的孩子而出
名。即“他是一个臭名昭著的坏小孩。” be distinguished for =be famous for 因…而出名。 故选 A

(别忘了还有排除法噢)

10江苏完形解读之

38题

词义辨析 “不迟于”明晨他就会向
你扔石头 no later than …不迟于,言其“快” no sooner than 不早于,言其“晚” 故选B。

10江苏完形解读之

39题

语境 大人看小孩的眼睛,需把他的头
“抬”起来.可从后面的upward得到暗 示. raise one’s head upward 把某人的头 抬起来. 故选C

10江苏完形解读之

42题

语境呼应和格调: 从上下文可知.
继母的评价是我们之间“友谊”的开始. 而不是一般的“关系”。 该题4个选项唯有friendship的格调积 极向上,故选B

10江苏完形解读之

44题

生活常识:按常理,妻子“说服”丈
夫去深造。 故选B。

10江苏完形解读之

48题

语境呼应和格调:我“感激”继母
的热情。Appreciate为选项中唯一积极 词汇,故选D。

10江苏完形解读之

49题

词汇复现:此处belief对应上一句中的
“she believed…。即继母相信我能成 为作家。故选A。

10江苏完形解读之

54题

词义 当这种力量“不断”得到强化故
选D。

10江苏完形解读之

55题

句子结构: 本句可以分解为:
Enthusiasm is a irresistible force which can lead to success. And poverty and temporary defeat are also great power which can lead to success. But the latter can not match the former. 比得上,与…相配” 故选B。

10江苏
36 D
41 A 46 C 51 C

37 A
42 B 47 D 52 B

38 B
43 D 48 D 53 A

39 C
44 B 49 A 54 D

40 C
45 A 50 B 55 B

完形高频词

熟能生巧

我的建议

填词朗读

Homework:

? 复习学案,感悟高考完形解题 技巧。
?填入答案词并朗读11江苏高考 完形五遍。


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