2014-2015 学年度苏锡常镇四市高三教学情况调研 (二)
2015 年 5 月
注意：本试卷分第一卷 (选择题 )和第二卷(非选择题)两部分。答案全部做在答题纸上。总分为 飚记英语微信公共号： biaojienglish, 专注于提供最好的干货。 苏派名师爱心授
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第一卷(选择题，共 85 分)
第一部分：听力 ( 共两节，满分 20 分 )
做题时，先将答案标在试卷上。听力录音部分结束后，你将有两分钟的时间将试卷上的答 案转涂到答题纸上。 第一节 (共 5 小题；每小题 l 分，满分 5 分 ) 听下面 5 段对话。每段对话后有一个小题，从题中所给的 A、B、C 三个选项中选出最佳选 项，并标在试卷的相应位置。听完每段对话后，你有 l0 秒钟的时间来回答有关小题和阅读下一 小题。每段对话仅读一遍。 1. How does the woman find her class? A. She thinks it suitable to her. A. Waiter and customer. A. Come back home. C. Miss him more. 4. What do we know about the woman? A. She was absent from school for a week. B. She will offer the man her physics notes. C. Physics is one of her worst subjects. 5. What will the man do for the woman? A. Find her wallet. B. Record her report. C. Transfer her call. 第二节 (共 15 小题；每小题 l 分，满分 l5 分) 听下面 5 段对话或独自。每段对话或独自后有几个小题，从题中所给的 A、 B、C 三个选项 中选出最佳选项，并标在试卷的相应位置。听每段对话或独自前，你将有时间阅读各个小题， 每小题 5 秒钟；听完后，各小题给出 5 秒钟的作答时间。每段对话或独白读两遍。 听第 6 段材料，回答第 6 至 7 题。 6. What did the man do? A. He left the door open this morning. B. He went in and saw what was happening. B. She dislikes it. C. She has no feeling for it. B. Husband and wife. C. Fellow workers. B. Go to visit him in London. 2. What is the probable relationship between the speakers? 3. What does the man ask the woman to do?
C. He followed the woman’s advice. 7. What would the couple most probably do in the end? A. To ask Mr Robinson to come around. B. To go to the grocery store and call the police. C. To go into the house and see what was happening. 听第 7 段材料，回答第 8 至 10 题。 8. Where does this conversation probably take place? A. In a main hall. A. How to reach a place. C. How to read the map. 10. Which route do they take at last? A. Go up the steps and turn left. B. Go up the steps and turn right. C. Go straight and then turn right. 听第 8 段材料，回答第 11 至 13 题。 11. Which of the following is the man interested in? A. Walking along the coast. B. Watching whales. C. Visiting lovely little towns. 12. How long will the man stay in the bus for the whole trip? A. Two days. A. By coach. B. Four hours. B. By minibus. C. Eight hours. C. By train. 13. How will the man go for the trip? 听第 9 段材料，回答第 14 至 16 题。 14. What do we know about the man? A. He wants to change for a new car brand. B. He will go on more long journeys in the future. C. He feels his old car’s engine size a bit small. 15. Which engine does the man want this time? A. A 1.6 litre one. A. Drive in a BYD TANG. B. Show the man a picture of a BYD TANG. C. Get more detailed information on a BYD TANG. 听第 l0 段材料，回答第 17 至 20 题。 17. What’s the report mainly about? A. China’s record levels of air pollution. B. China’s attitude towards air pollution. C. China’s systems to trade carbon credits. 18. What did China pay more attention to in the past? A. Economic growth. B. Environmental protection. B. A 2.0 litre one. C. A 2.4 litre one. 16. What will the woman do next? B. In an administration building. C. On school campus. B. How to register for the course. 9. What are the two speakers talking about?
C. Clean technology. 19. Who will receive carbon credits? A. Officials who hope to control industrial air pollution. B. Companies that increase greenhouse gas production. C. Companies that lower greenhouse gas production. 20. When is a national carbon trading program going to be launched? A. Before 2015. B. Before 2016. C. Before 2017.
第二部分：英语知识运用 (共两节，满分 35 分 )
第一节：单项填空 (共 15 小题；每小题 l 分，满分 l5 分 )
26. — Haven’t seen you for ages! Where have yo u been? — I____in Xinjiang for one year, volunteering services as a doctor. A. have stayed B. stay C. stayed D. am staying 27. Nowadays mobile internet devices are pushing up demands for online education, which makes people see it as one of the most____new market. A. demanding B. confidential C. promising D. controversial 28. — They are said to have been familiar with each other. — But they_________. They were introduced only hours ago. A. may not have been have been 29. One well of the oil field was still burning with huge fire twisting crazily____the night sky. A. in B. on C. against D. across 30. She is ______ is known as a nosy person —she is always dying to know what’s going on in others’ lives. B. couldn’t have been C. mustn’t have been D. needn’t
31. The measure of a man’s real character is what he ____ if he ____ he would never be found out. A. would do; knew B. may do; knew A. get off B. get through C. might do; knows D. should do; had known C. get by D. get over 32. I felt I would never____the shock of his being worked to death. 33. We don’t need magic to change the world ____we carry all the power we need inside ourselves already: the power to imagine better, said J K Rowling. A. though B. unless C. before D. when to CCTV International’s Chinese Channel 34. That’s all for today’s programme. Please stay ____ this time next week. A. turned all. A. Do B. Did C. Don’t D. Didn’t 第二节：完形填空 (共 20 小题；每小题 l 分，满分 20 分 ) 请认真阅读下面短文，从短文后各题所给的 A、B、 C、D 四个选项中，选出最佳选项 William Wordsworth wrote that “the human mind is capable of excitement without the application of violent stimulants( 刺激 )”. And it appears that simply reading those words proves his 36 37 . Researchers at the University of Liverpool found the works of Shakespeare and Wordsworth and had a beneficial effect on the mind. It can Using scanners, they 39 38 the reader’s attention and trigger moments of self-reflection. the brain activity of volunteers as they read pieces of classical 40 form and in a modern translation. English literature both in their B. tuned C. toned D. tended 35. ____ you believe him when he said he made it to Eason’s concert! He doesn’t like pop music at
And, according to the Sunday Telegraph, the experiment showed the more 41 prose and poetry 42 far more electrical activity in the brain than the easier versions. The research also found poetry, 44 43 , increased activity in the right part of the brain, an area 46 were more useful than self-help books. with “autobiographical( 自传式的 ) memory”, which helped the reader to 45 on their own The brain 47 of 30 volunteers were watched in the first part of the research as they read 48 . 49 : “A father and a gracious aged man: him you have 50 caused a higher level of brain activity than 51 to which poetry could affect 52
experiences. The academics said this meant the Shakespeare in different
In one example, volunteers read a line from King Lear, “A father and a gracious aged man: him have you madded”, before reading the the straightforward prose. The next stage of the research was looking at the and provide therapeutic( 治疗的) benefit. Volunteers’ brains were scanned while reading four lines by Wordsworth, and four “translated” lines were also provided. The first version caused more brain activity, “Poetry is not just a 54 53 not only the left part of the brain 55 connected with language, but also the right part that relates to autobiographical memory and emotion. of style. It is also about deep versions of experience that enraged”. Shakespeare’s use of “mad” as a(n)
the emotional to the cognitive( 认知的 ),” said Prof Davis, who will present the findings at the North of England education conference in Sheffield this week. 36. A. attitude 37. A. the like 38. A. break 40. A. original 41. A. attractive 42. A. setoff 43. A. for example 45. A. reflect 46. A. average 47. A. records 48. A. moods 49. A. shorter 50. A. adjective 51. A. amount 52. A. philosophy 54. A. matter 55. A. cater B. point B. the way B. focus B. traditional B. beneficial B. put off C. mind C. catch D. advice D. the kind D. controlled D. ancient D. emotional D. call off D. in contrast D. conflicted D. take D. classic D. receptions D. types D. deeper D. verb D. scale D. sociology D. making up D. mass D. refer D. fix C. the likely C. interrupted C. conventional C. challenging C. take off C. fixed C. depend C. academic C. responses C. forms C. better C. extension C. psychology C. taking up C. manner C. prefer
39. A. examined B. monitored
B. on occasion B. agree B. modem B. recalls B. manners B. simpler B. noun B. degree B. biology B. mark B. add
C. in particular
44. A. concerned B. mixed
53. A. waking up B. raising up
第三部分：阅读理解 (共 15 小题；每小题 2 分，满分 30 分)
RTUGC provides insight into the features and relative advantages of top universities in each region. Hong Kong and Macau universities show a higher degree of internationalization. The ranking
highlights the fact that Mainland universities are stronger in gross( 总的) performance while Hong Kong and Taiwan universities are in the lead in per capita( 人均) performance. Tsinghua University in Beijing tops the list of annual research income, and The University of Hong Kong and City University of Hong Kong take the first place on research income per academic staff. 56. We can tell from the RTUGC that________ . A. Tsinghua University in Beijing ranked the second place in 2013 B. Taiwan has more universities listed in the top 10 than Hong Kong C. four of the top ten universities in 2014 are from Mainland D. University of Macau is of a higher rank than Zhejiang University 57. Which of the following is most possibly correct according to the last paragraph? A
The latest beliefs are that the main purposes of sleep are to enable the body to rest, allowing time for repairs to take place and for tissue to be regenerated( 再生 ). Lack of sleep, however, can compromise the immune system, cause depression and promote anxiety. For many people, lack of sleep is rarely anything of choice. Some have problems getting to sleep, others with staying asleep until the morning. Despite popular belief that sleep is one long event, research shows that, in an average night, there are five stages of sleep. In the first light stage, the heart rate and blood pressure go down and the muscles relax. In the next two stages, sleep gets progressively deeper. In stage four, usually reached after an hour, the slumber is so deep that, if awoken, the sleeper would be confused and disorientated. It is in this state that sleep -walking can occur, lasting no more than 15 minutes. In the fifth stage, the rapid eye movement (REM) stage, the eyes move constantly beneath closed lids as if the sleeper is looking at something. During this stage, the body is almost paralysed( 瘫痪的 ). This REM stage is also the time when we dream. Sleeping patterns change with age. One theory for the age-related change is that it is due to hormonal changes. The temperature rise occurs at daybreak in the young, but at three or four in the morning in the elderly. Age aside, it is estimated that roughly one in three people suffer some kind of sleep disturbance. Causes can be anything from pregnancy, smoking, and stress to alcohol and heart disease. Apart from self-help therapy such as regular exercise, there are psychological treatments, including relaxation training and therapy aimed at getting rid of pre-sleep worries and anxieties. Medication is regarded by many as a last option and often takes the form of sleeping pills. 58. What’s the best title of this passage? A. Lack of Sleep C. Patterns of Sleep A. Their burden from illness and drinking. C. Their body temperature change with age. 60. Which of the following is true to the passage? B. Change of Sleep D. Benefits of Sleep B. Their incomplete sleep stages. D. Their damaged immune system.
59. Which of the following can cause people’s lack of sleep according to this passage?
A. Nobody can escape lack of sleep. B. A sleep-walker usually dreams before the sleepwalking. C. In the REM stage sleepers can see things around but can’t move the body. D. Regular exercise can better help improve sleep quality than sleeping pills do.
When my friend went to Europe last summer, instead of snapping photographs of the Louvre or the Eiffel Tower or Stonehenge, she brought back 32 rolls of ... cathedral ceilings. Cei lings. For the 10 years I’ve known her I had never suspected that she was this passionate about stained glass. Still one of the best things about such pictures — despite their obvious narrow appeal — is that they can’t help but tell us a great deal about t he people who took them. So I shouldn’t have been surprised when I got the roll of film back from my 5 -year-old son’s first camping trip. I opened the envelope, naively expecting to see pictures of the nightly campfire, the sun setting over the forest, and possibly even a deer or two. Instead, I saw an off-center picture of tennis shoes. Not even his tennis shoes, mind you, but a pair someone had lost and left in the cabin. Mystery shoes. And that’s not all. As I went through the stack, I found that my son had also taken a picture of his sleeping bag, a penny he found in the gravel next to the car, a leaf, an orange sock, a close-up of his father’s ear, a burned hot dog, his thumb, a piece of gum, and many other similar things. There was barely one sign of n ature in the whole stack. I couldn’t help thinking that if he’d wanted pictures of assorted junk, it would’ve been cheaper had he spent the weekend in our back-yard. AT LEAST that is what I thought until I showed the photographs to my ceiling -snapping friend, the mother of three teenagers, who said simply, “There’s nothing wrong with these.” But of course, this is just the type of answer you’d expect from someone who photographs ceiling. Then she told me about the time her daughter went to Yosemite Valley and returned with rolls of photographs of the hotel, restaurant, and gift shop. She also told me about the time her son took his camera to a Major League Baseball game and returned with 24 pictures of cloud formations. I had a feeling she was just trying to make me feel better. Then again, to a 5-year-old boy, finding a penny is more exciting than seeing a squirrel. And why would he waste good film on something like, say, some endangered water buffaloes, when he could take a picture of cool tennis shoes? Or his shiny new green sleeping bag? Face it: Things like beautiful sunsets and campfires can’t compare to a bag of extra -large marshmallow. So I did what any good mother would do: I marked the date on the back of the pictures and slid them into our family vacation photo album — right after the five pages of ice sculptures I took last year on our cruise to the Bahamas. 61. Which of the following proverbs best displays the author’s final thought? A. Every dog will have its day. B. Every man has his hobby-horse.
C. If a thing is worth doing, it’s worth doing well. D. You can take a horse to the water but you cannot make him drink. 62. Who might have taken a picture of the back seat of the family car in his or her trip mentioned in this passage? A. The author’s fr iend. B. The author’s son. C. The author. D. The author’s friend’s daughter. 63. The author changed her mind on her son’s picture taking because ______ . A. her friend persuaded her to do so B. her son’s pictures finally struck her C. she realized the truth by herself inspired by the surrounding examples D. it suddenly occurred to her that she herself had also taken unique pictures before 64. What can we infer from this passage? A. Age and gender play an important role in one’s vision of the world. B. The author’s friend is a better mum in terms of educating children. C. The author will allow her son more freedom to choose in his future life. D. The author will take vacation pictures of different kind from her past ones.
A few years ago, in one experiment in behavioural psychology, Stanley Milgram of Yale University tested 40 subjects for their willingness to obey instructions given by a “leader” in a situation in which the subjects might feel a personal dislike of the actions they were called upon to perform. Specifically, Milgram told each volunteer “teacher -subject” that the experiment was in the noble cause of education, and was designed to test whether or not punishing pupils for their mistakes would have a positive effect on the pupils’ ability to learn . The teacher-subjects were placed before a panel of thirty switches with labels ranging from “15 volts of electricity (slight shock)” to “450 volts (danger — severe shock)” in steps of 15 volts each. The teacher-subject was told that whenever the pupil gave the wrong answer to a question, a shock was to be administered. The supposed “pupil” was in reality an actor hired by Milgram to pretend to receive the shocks by giving out cries and screams. Milgram told the teacher-subject to ignore the reactions of the pupil, and to administer whatever level of shock was called for. As the experiment unfolded, the “pupil” would deliberately give the wrong answers to questions, thereby bringing on various electrical punishments, even up to the danger level of 300 volts and beyond. Many of the teacher-subjects balked at administering the higher levels of punishment, and turned to Milgram. In these situations, Milgram calmly explained that the teacher-subject was to carry on with the experiment and that it was important for the sake of the experiment that the procedure be followed through to the end. What Milgram was trying to discover was the number of teacher-subjects who would be willing to administer the highest levels of shock, even in the face of strong personal and moral revulsion( 反感 ) against the rules and conditions of the experiment. Before carrying out the experiment, Milgram explained his idea to a group of 39 psychiatrists and asked them to predict the average percentage of people who would be willing to administer the highest shock level of 450 volts. The overwhelming consensus was that basically all the
teacher-subjects would refuse to obey the experimenter. The psychiatrists felt that “most subjects would not go beyond 150 volts” and only a small percentage of about one in 1, 000 would give the highest shock of 450 volts. What were the actual results? Well, over 60 per cent of the teacher-subjects continued to obey Milgram up to the 450-volt limit! In repetitions of the experiment in other countries, the percentage was even higher, reaching 85 per cent in one country. How can we possibly account for this result? One might firstly argue that there must be some sort of built-in animal aggression instinct( 本能 ) that was activated by the experiment. A modem sociobiologist might even g o so far as to claim that this aggressive instinct was of survival value to our ancestors in their struggle against the hardships of life on the plains and in the caves, finally finding its way into our genetic make -up. Another explanation is to see the teacher-subjects’ actions as a result of the social context in which the experiment was carried out. As Milgram himself pointed out, “Most subjects in the experiment see their behaviour in a larger context that is good and useful to society — the pursuit of scientific troth. The psychological laboratory has a strong claim to legitimacy( 合法性 ) and gains trust and confidence in those who perform there. An action such as shocking a victim, which in isolation( 单独看来 ) appears evil, acquires a completely different meaning when placed in this setting”. Here we have two different explanations. The problem for us is to sort out which of these two polar explanations is more reasonable. This is the problem of modern sociobiology — to discover how hard-wired genetic programming decides the interaction of animals and humans with their environment, that is, their behaviour. Put another way, sociobiology is concerned with explaining the biological basis of all behaviour. 65. Why did Milgram do the experiment? A. To discover people’s willingness for orders from leaders. B. To display the power of punishment on ability to learn. C. To test people’s willingness to sacrifice for science. D. To explore the biological basis of social behavior. 66. Which of the following is right about the experiment? A. The actor’s performance was vital to its success. B. Its subjects were informed of its real purpose beforehand. C. The electrical shock made the “pupil” give more wrong answers. D. Its subjects were convinced of the effects of punishment on ability to learn. 67. What does the underlined phrase “balked at” most probably mean? A. commented on C. got rid of B. hesitated in D. looked down upon
68. Before the experiment took place the psychiatrists _________ . A. believed that a shock of 150 volts was unbearable B. failed to agree on how the teacher-subjects would respond to instructions C. under-predicted the teacher-subjects’ willingness to follow experimental procedure D. thought that many of the teacher-subjects would administer a shock of 450 volts
69. Which of the following is mentioned as one possible factor that explains the teacher-subjects’ behaviour? A. Economic factor. C. Cultural factor. 70. What’s the author’s purpose with this article? A. To introduce a problem sociobiology deals with. B. To explain a scientific phenomenon. C. To report an experiment that focuses on education. D. To argue against a scientific view. B. Biological factor. D. Historical factor.
第二卷(非选择题，共两大题， 35 分)
第四部分：任务型阅读 (共 10 小题；每小题 l 分，满分 l0 分)
请认真阅读下列短文，并根据所读内容在文章后表格中的空格里填入一个最恰当的单 词。注意：每个空格只填 1 个单词。请将答案写在答题纸上相应题号的横线上。 飚记英语
微信公共号：biaojienglish,专注于提供最好的干货。苏派名师爱心授课群：264883904（王牌 栏目：天天练，周末同步直播）江苏英语教师资源群：451920045（专讨论江苏大市模拟题和共 享第一手课件资源） In Greek mythology, the Trojan( 特洛伊 ) War was started against the city of Troy by the Greeks after Paris of Troy took Helen from her husband Menelaus, king of Sparta. The war is one of the most important events in Greek mythology and has appeared in many works of Greek lite rature, most notably through Homers( 荷马 ) Iliad. The Iliad relates a part of the last year of the siege( 包围 ) of Troy; the Odyssey describes the journey home of Odysseus, one of the war’s heroes. Other parts of the war are described in a cycle of epic poems( 史诗 ), which have survived through fragments. The war provided material for Greek tragedy and other works of Greek literature, and for Roman poets including Virgil and Ovid. The war originated from a quarrel between the goddesses Athena, Hera, and Aphrodite, a fter Eris, the goddess of strife and discord( 不和谐), gave them a golden apple marked “for the fairest”. Zeus sent the goddesses to Paris, who judged that Aphrodite, as the “fairest”, should receive the apple. In exchange, Aphrodite made Helen, the most beautiful of all women and wife of Menelaus, fall in love with Paris, who took her to Troy. Agamemnon, king of Mycenae and the brother of Helen’s husband Menelaus, led an expedition of Greek troops to Troy and besieged the city for ten years because of Paris’ insult. After the deaths of many heroes the ci ty fell to the ruse( 策略 ) of the Trojan Horse. The Greeks slaughtered( 大屠杀) the Trojans and desecrated( 亵渎) the temples, thus earning the gods’ great anger. Few of the Greeks returned safely to their homes. The ancient Greeks treated the Trojan War as an historical event which had taken place in the 13th or 12th century BC, and believed that Troy was located in modern -day Turkey near the Dardanelles. As of the mid-19th century, both the war and the city were widely believed to be non-historical. In 1868, however, the German archaeologist Heinrich Schliemann met Frank Calvert, who convinced Schliemann that Troy was at Hissarlik; this claim is now accepted by most scholars. They believe that there is a historical core to the tale. However, whether there is any historical reality
behind the Trojan War is still an open question. Topic Sub topic ? The Iliad 71 in ? The Odyssey ? Epic poems ? Roman poets ? The war was 74 Detailed information relating what happened in the last year of the siege 72 gaining Odysseus’ journey home 73 through fragments
Virgil and Ovid included by a quarrel between the three goddesses for the
title of the “fairest”. ? The Trojan War Plot of the War ? 75 judged Aphrodite the “fairest” in exchange of Helen, the most
beautiful woman, who was taken to Troy by him. Feeling 76 by Paris’ action, Agamemnon led an expedition of
Greek troops to Troy and besieged the city for ten years. ? With the ruse of the Trojan Horse, Greek troops 77 the city
and slaughtered the Trojans and desecrated the temples, which made the gods very angry and made few of them return home safely. The ancient Greeks’ time 78 Background ■ Many scholars From 1868 80 Frank Calvert’s claim and believe that there is a historical core to the tale, but it still remains an open question. The mid-1900s ■ The war was believed to be an historical event, in the 13th or 12th century BC. ■ The war was regarded as non -historical. 79
第五部分：书面表达 (满分 25 分)
飚记英语微信公共号： biaojienglish, 专注于提供最好的干货。 苏派名师爱心授课群： 264883904 （王牌栏目：天天练，周末同步直播）江苏英语教师资源群：451920045（专讨论江苏大市模拟 题和共享第一手课件资源） 最近，教育部出台新规，允许在校大学生休学一年进行创业，引发了广泛热议。为此，你 们学校将以此为话题组织英文演讲比赛。请你准备一篇演讲稿，字数 150 左右，参与比赛。你 的演讲要包括以下几个方面： 1、你对此新规的看法； 2、进入大学的你是否会休学创业；
3、阐述上述两点时必须各提供至少 2 条理由或论据加以支撑。 【写作要求】 1．内容完整，语言规范，语篇连贯，词数适当； 2．文中不能出现真实姓名和学校名称。 3．开头已给出，不计入总词数。 Good morning, everyone! I would like to begin my speech with my view on the policy itself. ______________________________________________________________________ ______________________________________________________________________ ______________________________________________________________________
2014-2015 学年度苏锡常镇四市高三教学情况调研 ( 二 ) 参考答案
2015/5/5 一、 听力 AABAC CBCAA BCBCB CCACC
二、 单选 ACBBA CCBCA ADDBC 三、 完形 BACBA CACAA DCCBD 四、 阅读 CAAAD 五、 任务型 71. Appearance 72. describing 76. insulted follow(accept) 六、 书面表达 Good morning, everyone! I would like to begin my speech with my view on the policy itself. Personally, I applaud for this policy. As we all know, many college graduates can’t find a job upon their graduation. Starting a business, particularly before graduating, is a good way to ease the tension. Moreover, college students are the most energetic group, so encouraging them to be engaged in business early will benefit our nation with more innovation. Nevertheless, beneficial as the policy is, not all the students prefer to doing business, me included. Money is th e first problem to a poor student. It’s impossible to run a business without fund. Secondly, lack of social experience will surely make my business end in failure if started. Most importantly, I am not keen on business at all. A stable job and easy life is my biggest ambition. To sum up, I wholeheartedly approve of the new regulation but won’t choose to establish my own business at college. 73. survival 74. caused 75. Paris 79. happening 80. BBCCD ABCBA BCAAB
77. occupied(took, conquered)
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