当前位置:首页 >> 其它课程 >> 10. 定语从句III(限制性和非限制性定语从句)

10. 定语从句III(限制性和非限制性定语从句)



概 念
1. 限制性定语从句是先行词在意义上不可缺少的定语, 如果去掉,主句的意思就不完整或失去意义。这种从句

2.非限制性定语从句和主句关系不是很密切,只是对先行 词作些附加说明,如果去掉,主句的意思仍然清楚。

这 种从句和主句,写时往往用逗号分开。译法上译成先行 词的定语“??的”,通常译成主句的并列句。

1)I was the only person in my office who was invited. 我是我们办公室惟一被邀请的人。 (如果把从句部分去掉,整个句子的含义就变了) 2)Football, which is a very interesting game, is played all over the world. 足球是一项非常有趣的运动,全世界都踢足球。 (如果把从句部分去掉,句子意思仍然清楚)

1.The man has a son who is a doctor.

2.The man has a son, who is a doctor.
(其中一个儿子当医生) How many sons does the man have?

关系代词有which,who, whom, whose, as;关系副 词有when, where。 1.This is a beautiful bike, which was bought by my father as a birthday gift. 2. This is a pretty flower, whose name I don’t know. 3. Last Sunday they reached Nanjing, where a conference was to be held.


1.He gave his mother a color TV set for her birthday, that

pleased her a lot. (错)
2.He gave his mother a color TV set for her birthday, which pleased her a lot. (对) 注意:that不引导非限制性定语从句

which和as引导的非限制性定语从句的区别: 1.意义不同

He made a long speech, as we expected.
正如我们期望的,他作了一次很长的演讲。 He made a long speech, which was unexpected. 他作了一次很长的演讲,这出乎意料。 总结:as译为“正如,正像”,常在主动句中作宾语,在 被动句中作主语,如as is known to all;which代指前面 整个句子,译为 “这”。

As was reported, three people died in the accident.

All the people died in the accident, which shocked everyone. 所有的人都死于这起事故,这让每个人都很震惊。


非限制性定语从句的其他形式: 有些非限制性定语从句可以由名词/数词/不定代词/比较级 或最高级+of which/whom组成。例如:

1)Our class consists of 60 students, all of whom like

2) I have a lot of friends, two-thirds of whom are girls.
3) Pass me the book, the cover of which is red.

1. (2014· 重庆高考)We’ll reach the sales targets in a month _______ we set at the beginning of the year. A. which B. where C. when D. what


定语从句,先行词为the sales targets,在从句中作动词set的 宾语,引导词可用that/which或省略。

2. (2014· 四川高考)Until now, we have raised 50,000 pounds
for the poor children, _______is quite unexpected. A. that B. which C. who D. it

【解析】选B。考查定语从句。句意:到现在为止,我们已经 为贫困儿童筹集了5万英镑,这是完全没想到的。根据句子结

此处关系代词which代指前面整个句子的内容,并在从句中作 主语。

3. (2014· 北京高考)I borrowed the book Sherlock Holmes from the library last week, _____ my classmates recommended to me. A. who C. when B. which D. where


子可知这是一个非限制性定语从句,从句中缺少宾语,排除 C、D;先行词是一本书,排除A。

4. (2013· 天津高考)We have launched another man-made

satellite, ______ is announced in today’s newspaper.
A. That B. which C. who D. what

【解析】选B。考查定语从句。句意:我们已经发射了另外一 颗人造卫星,这在今天的报纸上报道了。that和what不引导非 限制性定语从句;who的先行词是人;which引导非限制性定 语从句,指代前面整个句子,在从句中充当主语。

5. (2013· 重庆高考)John invited about 40 people to his wedding, most of______ are family members. A. them B. that C. which D. whom


参加他的婚礼,其中大多数都是他的家人。先行词为40 people,

用逗号隔开,需在两句中间加入连词才对;B项that一般不放在介 词后面;C项which指代物。

6. (2013·四川高考)Nowadays people are more concerned about the environment_______ they live. A. what B. which C. when D. where


从句中可作主语、宾语;C项可引导定语从句,在句中作时间状 语;D项可引导定语从句,在句中作地点状语。从句中的live为不 及物动词,先行词the environment在定语从句中作地点状语,故 选D项。

7. (2013·山东高考)There is no simple answer, _______ is often the case in science. A. as B. that C. when D. where



8.(2012?全国高考)That evening, ____I will tell you more about later, I ended up working very late. A. that B. which C. what D. when

【解析】选B。考查定语从句。句意:那天晚上我一直工作到很 晚,我过后会告诉你关于那晚更详细的情况。该空引导非限制 性定语从句,在从句中作about的宾语,所以只能用which;that不 能引导非限制性定语从句;what不能引导定语从句;when可以 引导非限制性定语从句,但是在从句中只作时间状语。故选B。

9. (2012· 浙江高考)Ellen was a painter of birds and of nature, ______, for some reason, had withdrawn from all human society.

A. which

B. who

C. where

D. whom

【解析】选B。考查定语从句。句意:艾伦是一个画鸟和自然 的画家,由于某种原因,他从社会退隐了。考查非限制性定语

语for some reason去掉。故选B。

10. (2012· 福建高考)The air quality in the city, ______is shown in the report, has improved over the past two months. A. that B. it C. as D. what

【解析】选C。考查定语从句。句意:正如报告所显示的,在过 去的两个月里,这个城市的空气质量已有所改善。As“正如,

就像”引导定语从句,先行词为air quality。A项that不能引导


11.(2011· 北京高考)Mary was much kinder to Jack than she was to the others,______, of course, made all the others

A.who B. which C. what D. that

12. (2011· 陕西高考)I walked up to the top of the hill with
my friend, ______we enjoyed a splendid view of the lake.

A. which

B. where

C. who

D. that

13.(2011· 江苏高考) Between the two parts of the concert is an interval, ______ the audience can buy ice-cream. A. when B. where C. that D. which

14.(2011· 新 课 标 全 国 卷 )The prize will go to the writer _______story shows the most imagination. A. that B. which C. whose D. what



小结】 【小结】 限制性定语从句 意义 起限制作用;若被省去,原句意义不完整...定语从句限制性定语从... 21页 免费 as /which引导非限制性... 3页 免费...

牛津高中英语Unit3Grammar 非限制性定语从句学案

限制性定语从句与非限制性定语从句之比较: 限制性定语从句与非限制性定语从句之...(2) 主备人:杨玲芳 2011-10-19 总结:定语从句中,在 some___of 后 ,用 ...


(若把从句去句子意义仍然完整) 区别: 区别:翻译不同 在翻译定语从句时, 一般把限定性定语从句翻译在它所修饰的先行词之前, 而把非限定 性定语从句与主句...


定语从句(限制与非限制的区... 暂无评价 310财富值如要投诉违规内容,请到...限制性定语从句限制所修饰名词或代词的意义,一般说来如把从句去掉句子意思就不清楚...


.限制性定语从句与非限制性定语从句 1.二者差异比较 限制定语从句紧跟先行词,同先行词这间一般不加逗号,仅修饰先行词,可 以由关系代词.关系副词或 that 来...


在例 2 中,定语从句与先行词关系不密切,为非限制性定语从句, 可用逗号将其与主句隔开。 三、先行词内容有所不同 大多数限制性和非限制性定语从句的先行词往往...


7.先行词是形容词作定语从句的表语时。主句和定语...三、as,which 是指代主句内容的非限制性定语从句时...品黄黑 MYK 10.Mr Pattis,in whose office Ms ...

定语从句关系代词关系副词非限制性定语从句 (1)

what 10. The pen ___he is writing is mine....翻译: 4 三. 判断关系代词与关系副词的辨别:方法...非限制性定语从句 Revision 定语从句(attributive ...

高一英语非限制性定语从句 练习

非限制性定语从句是对先行词起补充和附加说明的定语从句。 通常用逗号与 先行词...若省略掉非限 制性定语从句,也不会影响句意的完整性。 限制性定语从句和...


初高中定语从句(限制性和非限制性)解题大全_英语_高中...(三)何时用非限制性定语从句?⑴ 当先行词是专有...10. That tree, ___ branches are almost bare...
非限制性定语从句 | 限制性定语从句 | 非限制性定语从句例句 | 非限制性定语从句ppt | 非限制性定语从句讲解 | 非限制性定语从句练习 | as非限制性定语从句 | 非限制性定语从句课件 |

文档资料共享网 nexoncn.com copyright ©right 2010-2020。