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Grammar and usage --------Transitive verbs and intransitive verbs

Revision 1.无论你去哪里,请与我保持联系。 wherever keep in touch with me. _______ you go, ________________ 2. It was home after

the experiment. A not until midnight did he go B until midnight that he didn’t go C not until midnight that he went D until midnight when he didn’t go

3. It was the exam results were known a lot of time on computer games. A not until; did the boy begin to regret having wasted B until; that the boy began to regret to have wasted C not until; that the boy began to regret wasting D until; did the boy begin to regret to waste 4. It was not until dark he found he thought was the correct way to solve the problem. A that; what B that; that C when; what D when; that

5. The easily computer system is unsafe from hackers. A access to B access C accessibly D accessed 6. There are plenty of jobs ___ in the western part of the country. A present B available C precious D convenient

7. 这次经历对我非常有益。 beneficial to me. The experience was of ____________ 8.健康饮食和定期锻炼对我们健康有益,人 们也会收益于这种生活方式。 Eating healthy food and exercising benefitour health and regularly______ benefit from the lifestyle. people______________ 9. 他迟迟不告诉她这个消息,在等待适当的 机会。 waiting delayed telling her the news,_____ He _______________ for the right moment.

10. 我怀疑他取胜的可能性。 sceptical/ skeptical about his chances I am ____________________ of inning. 11. 车窗被揺上,他们一路开来。 with the car windows They drove along ____ _______ wound up.


Grammar and usage
Transitive verbs and intransitive verbs 及物动词和不及物动词

What is the difference of “begin” in the two sentences?
Class begins! Today I’ll begin our lesson with a question.

1.Differences between Vt. and Vi.

2.Testing points:
1)Vt. or Vi.选择

3)从句引导词/关系词的选择 4)省略句中的应用

Revision Judge whether the following sentences are right or wrong
1. He is listening the teacher carefully. listen to 2. They always want a cup of tea after lunch. 3. He is sending now. send sth 4. If you work hard, you will succeed in passing the exam. 5. Our children are taught to serve for the people wholeheartedly. serve the people 6. The pen is written well.


英语中按动词后可否直接跟宾语可把动词分成及物 动词(transitive verbs/vt.)和不及物动词 (intransitive verbs/vi.)

(1)及物动词后必须跟宾语意义才能完整。 He is sending now. 不及物动词后不能直接跟宾语,若要跟宾语, 必须在其后添加某个介词然后再跟宾语。 He is listening the teacher carefully. (2) 大多数及物动词可用于被动语态, 不及物动词不能用于被动语态。

及物动词(transitive verbs)
及物动词指后面必须跟宾语意义才能完整的实义 动词。

1. 主语+及物动词+宾语
We have read many books. They do shopping at the weekend. We are learning English.

2. 主语+系动词+表语
We are students. He became a scientist. That sounds good.

3. 主语+及物动词+宾语+宾语补足语
We made him our monitor. The manager thinks the plan practical. He will have his bike repaired. I find it easy to learn.

3.主语+谓语+宾语+宾语补足语(n; adj; adv; prep; to do; doing; ppv.)

They asked us to go fishing with them. The concert made her a popular singer overnight. Satellites make TV accessible to people who live far away from cities. He found himself lying in bed when he came to life. Don’t always keep the children indoors.

Even the best writers sometimes found themselves _____ for words. A. lose B. lost C. to lose D. having lost

1).I give him some paper.



He is given some paper (by me). Some paper is given to him (by me). 2). She buys me some toys. I am bought some toys (by her). Some toys are bought for me (by her).




有些及物动词可以接两个宾语,即指人的间接宾语和 指物的直接宾语(人间直物)。这两个宾语称之为双宾语。 常见的可以接双宾语的及物动词有:

give; show; pass; lend; tell; return… … 与to 搭配

buy; pay; make; cook; get; sing; write… 与for 搭配

即时练习:请用“主+vt+双宾语”的句型翻译下 列句子。 1. 我想为他挑选一份合适的礼物。 2. 太阳给了我们光和热。 3. Mr Smith教我们数学。 4. 那个老人给我们指路。(show) 5. 医生治好了他的病。(cure) 6. Tom使Mary相信了他的诚实。(convince)

即时练习:请用“主+vt+双宾语”的句型翻 译下列句子。

1. 我想为他挑选一份合适的礼物。 1. I want to choose a suitable present for him. 2. 太阳给了我们光和热。 2. The sun gives us light and warmth.

3. Mr Smith教我们数学。

3. Mr Smith teaches us math.
4. 那个老人给我们指路。 4. The old man showed us the way.

5. 医生治好了他的病。 5. The doctor has cured him of his disease. 6. Tom使Mary相信了他的诚实。 6. Tom convinced Mary of his honesty.

Say together: 1. 我想为他挑选一份合适的礼物。 2. 太阳给了我们光和热。 3. Mr Smith教我们数学。 4. 那个老人给我们指路。(show) 5. 医生治好了他的病。(cure) 6. Tom使Mary相信了他的诚实。(convince)

即时练习:请用“主+vt+补足语”的句 型翻译下列句子。 1 . 我们选李阳做班长。( elected ) 2. 这新闻使我伤心。 3.他鼓励他努力工作。 4. 老板叫他加班。(make被动语态)

1. 我们选李阳做班长。 We elected Li Yang monitor. 2. 这新闻使我伤心。 The news made us sad.

3. 他鼓励他努力工作。 He encouraged him to work harder.

4.老板叫他加班。 He was made to work overtime by his boss.
5.洗手之后不要听任水白流。 leave the water running after you Don’t ______________________ have washed your hands.

即时练习:请用“主+vt+补足语”的句 型翻译下列句子。 1 . 我们选李阳做班长。( elected ) 2. 这新闻使我伤心。 3.他鼓励他努力工作。 4. 老板叫他加班。(make被动语态)

Task3: 及物动词语态的选择

不及物动词 及物动词 有被动语态,___________ ●大多数__________ 则没有被动,但有些及物动词不能用于被动语态:

拥有 容纳 缺少 1.表“——————”————————”,“—— ———”概念时(possess, hold, lack):
Eg: He is good at his job but he seems to lack confidence. fit, suit 合适 2.表“_________” 的及物动词,如____ _____ Eg: If we met at 2 o’clock, would suit you? I can never get clothes to fit me.

3. 当表示“相互作用”时,如 equal, mean, resemble Eg. No one equals him in intelligence. The tow boys resemble each other in appearance. get, catch, take 4.表“明白”时,如____________ Eg. The boy said, “I didn’t catch the last two words. ”

will be held 1.The sports meeting ____________(hold) next week.
2. The new football stadium can ______(hold) eighty thousand people. hold

宾语 1. 及物动词后必须接_________ ,可以有三种构成形式: (1) ____________________ Vt. + O(宾)

Discuss the differences between vt. and vi. in groups.

Vt. + O (间宾) + O (直宾) (2) _____________________ Vt. + O (宾) + Oc (宾补) (3) ______________________
不可接 宾语,如后接名词或代词必须在不 2. 不及物动词________ 及物动词后接___________. 介词 大多数 3. _____________ 及物动词有被动语态,而不及物动词则 没有 被动。 _______

不及物动词(intransitive verbs)
不及物动词指本身意义完整后不须跟宾语的实义 动词,若要跟宾语,必须在其后添加某个介词然后 再跟宾语。 (1) 主语+谓语(vi)
(1) My watch stoppped. (2) She spoke at the meeting yesterday. (3) More challenges lie ahead of me. (4) The water rose higher and higher ,as a result, more than 1,000 people fad to leave their home.

(2) 主语+谓语(vi)+介词+宾语
I listened, but could hear nothing. Everybody listened to the lecture with great interest.

The palace caught fire three times in the last century, and little of the original building_____now. A. remains B. is remained C. is remaining D. has been remained

二、不及物动词 不及物动词(transitive verbs)
主语本身的性质 表示_________________ ,主动表被动。

sell, wash, write,cut, open, lock,cook, shut… 1) The cloth washes well. 2) The pen writes smoothly. 3) The door locks tightly.
well, badly, easily, smoothly 连用。 常与__________________________

Shall I begin at once? She began working as a librarian after she left school. When did they leave Beijing? They left last week. She’s studying medicine. She studies hard. She’s typing a letter. She’s typing.

意 义 相 同

Don’t move my things. The train is moving now.

She couldn’t stand the cold. Don’t stand in the rain. Wash your hands before meals. Does this cloth wash well.

意 义 不 同

三、 及物不及物均可
Answer / answer for 对…负责 Benefit / benefit from 从…获益 Pay / pay for 为…付款/付出代价 Adjust / adjust to Attend / attend to 注意;照料、处理 Check / check in(to) / check out 办理入住; 办理退房、 Believe / believe in 查实 Call / call on

approach / approach to Approach sth 接近某物; Approach to (doing) sth …的方法; Summer is approaching. Apply (to) / apply for Apply to sb for sth; apply for a job; apply theory to practice Escape/ escape from Marry/ marry to/with? Marry sb; get/ be married to

四、 Vt. or Vi.选择
Testing 1 句义和句子结构的要求 Read aloud Part A on P.9. and then decide whether the underlined verbs are Vt. or Vi

Testing point 2: 语态的选择 offer 1. Who can be possibly kind enough to _________ me a bowl of water?( provide/ supply/offer) allow me to chat online, because 2. My mother didn’t _______ she was very busy then. (allow/ forbid) raised to make himself heard. 3. The teach had his voice ______ (rise/ raise) 4. On arriving _______ at the hotel, they called their parents. (arrive/ reach)

5. If you arrive early, you can ________ yourself casually. seat (seat/ sit)
washes 4. This kind of cloth _________well, and I usually have it _______ washed every week. (wash)

Testing point 3: 从句引导词/关系词的选择 Discuss the following in groups. 1. This is the very village where _____ I spent my childhood. 2. Do you still remember the holiday __________ we spent in that village? (which / that) 3. It is thinking that makes ______ what we read ours. where the key 4. Talent and intelligence is not _____ to higher grades only lies.
解题思路:从句类型---- 从句所缺成分--- 词义辨析

Testing point 4: 省略句中的应用 1. —Would you like to see the film with me? —Yes, I’d very much like __________. A. to B. to see C. × D. see 2. --- I usually do my homework at the last minute. ---Actually, I would rather _______. A. not to B. not to do C. not D. not do


Discuss the following in pairs.
Right or wrong: 1.When was did the accident occurred? occur 2.His novel sells well so that most of the novels have been sold out. people 3.We should try our best to serve for people. 4.The fresh air will benefit you from you. 5.Her parents wanted to marry her to a rich man but she wanted to marry with her classmate. her classmate

His idea issounds sounded reasonable. Who will answer to this question? He arrived Shanghai yesterday. at He hopes to serve for his nation. Nothing can escape from his parents’ eyes. When did Susan marry with Paul? He charged with me five dollars for a cup of tea. with They could probably deal all kinds of situation. We shouldn’t always depend our parents. on

Discuss the following in groups:

1.What is it that __________ interests her so much? (interest)
2.It is your ability ,rather than where you are from, matters that _________.(matter) 3.There is a picture __________ hanging on the wall. (hang)

4. That is just ________ where we disagree. (where/ what)
5. However ________ you dress, I like you best. however) dress (whatever/

vt. 给…穿衣服 dress sb./ oneself vi. 穿衣服

1.Differences between Vt. and Vi.

2.Testing points:
1)Vt. or Vi.选择

3)从句引导词/关系词的选择 4)省略句中的应用

1.Period 5 / 6 (CX);
2.Preview Project.

True or false: 1. a. We study every day. b. Do you study English every day. 2. a. Please write clearly next time. b. Can you write your composition now? 3. a. The children are listening the music. b. The children are listening to the music. 4. a. She is laughing the crippled man. b. She is laughing at the crippled man. 5. Who will answer to this question? 6. We have many buyers awaiting for available units here. 7. World leaders spent a lot of time discussing about worsening economic problems. 8. I spent a whole day locked in my study yesterday. 9. The door won’t be opened.

It appears that whether the verb is Vt. or Vi. is not important , but lots of difficult grammar knowledge is based on it, such as clauses, non-predicate verbs or sense and voice.

Task 2
宾语 1. 及物动词后必须接_________ ,可以有三种构成形式: (1) ____________________ Vt. + O(宾)

Discuss the differences between vt. and vi. in groups.

Vt. + O (间宾) + O (直宾) (2) _____________________ Vt. + O (宾) + Oc (宾补) (3) ______________________
不可接 宾语,如后接名词或代词必须在不 2. 不及物动词________ 及物动词后接___________. 介词

3. 大多数及物动词有__________ 语态,而不及物动词则 被动 _____________. 没有 不及物动词 4. 有些动词既是_______________, 又是_______________, 及物动词 需根据具体语境判断.

promise VS


She promised me to attend my wedding.

His mother didn’t allow him to keep in touch with that girl.
promise sb. to do sth. Vt. + O (间宾) + O (直宾)

allow sb. to do sth.
Vt. + O (宾) + Oc (宾补)



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