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必修4unit1 workbook Reading task


Reading task

Elizabeth Fry (1780 - 1845) Elizabeth Fry was a Quaker (贵格会教徒, 属 于基督教派, 废除礼仪, 反对暴力和战争) who became famous for her work to reform the prison system in Britain in the

early nineteenth century.

By her example she inspired other women to play a fuller role in society: it was unusual for women to have a voice outside the home. It was also unusual for a Quaker to be so prominent, because at that time the Quaker movement was going through a 'quietist' phase, and was very inward looking.

In 1780 Elizabeth Gurney was born in Norwich into a rich Quaker family.

Elizabeth was well educated, which was unusual for a girl in those days.

She helped her mother when she visited the poor and sick.

Later, although Elizabeth had 11 children, she continued to do her charity work.

She first visited Newgate Prison in 1813 and was horrified by what she saw.

There were over 300 women and children crowded into a very small space.

Elizabeth returned with warm clothing and straw for the sick women and children.

There were no toilets, just a bucket in the corner, and little drinking water.

Children were sent to prison for stealing bread, wool or for damaging trees.

Punishments for rich people were very different from those for poor people.

In 1817 Elizabeth organised a group to help female prisoners at Newgate prison.

She provided items for the women, so they could sew, knit and make goods to sell.

She started a prison school for the children to give them something to do.

In 1818 Elizabeth was asked to speak to people in Parliament about the prisons.

The 1823 Gaol Act was passed by Parliament, and some improvements were made.

Elizabeth visited prisons all over Britain and argued for improvements.

She wrote a book about prison conditions.

She helped improve conditions on prison ships travelling to Australia.

Prisoners were no longer chained to the decks during the voyage.

Elizabeth Fry also set up a training course for nurses.

Elizabeth Fry continued to help others until she died on 12 October 1845.

Read the article quickly and find the answers to these questions: 1. How did the women prisoners live? They were being treated like animals. They had no beds, clean clothes, food or heating. Any child born in prison had to stay there and had no chance of an education.

2. What did Elizabeth Fry do to help them? She provided food, clean clothes and straw for beds. Later she began a prison school for the children and taught the women to sew, knit and make goods to sell. And later she was

asked to go to the leaders of Britain to discuss how to improve the conditions for prisoners. 3. What’s the result of her effort? There are three results. One is that the women prisoners got some self-respect and improved their conditions for themselves. The second is that her

deeds influent some other women to
join in the activity to help the women prisoners. The last one and also the most important one is that in 1947, after she died long time, the Quakers were given the Nobel Peace Prize.

1. However, Elizabeth was not content
with her easy life and her growing family. 然而伊丽莎白并不满足于她 的自在的生活和日益兴盛的家庭。 be content with sth. be content to do sth.

e.g. Are you content with your present living condition? He is content to eat simple food.

2. So the first thing Elizabeth did was to provide food, clean clothes and straw for beds. the first thing是主语, Elizabeth did是定 语从句, 修饰先行词thing, 从句的引导词 that因在句中作宾语而被省略。was是系 动词, to provide ... beds是动词不定式短 语作表语。

3. Of course she did not do all the work on her own. 当然她并非仅靠自己去做所有这一 切的工作。 on one’s own 1) without help 靠自己 e.g. I can solve this problem on my own. 我能自己解决这个问题。

2) alone 独自, 独立地

e.g. I’m on my own today.
相关短语:

call sth. one’s own
声称某物为自己所有 come into one’s own 得到自己应得的东西

hold one’s own 坚持住, 支持住; 坚守住, 不被打败 of one’s own 属于某人自己的。 e.g. The soldier is holding his own. 那个士兵还能坚持。 They all think that she has a mind of her own. 他们都认为她是一个有主见的人。


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