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上海市宝山区吴淞中学2014届高三上学期第二次月考英语试题Word版含答案


I. Listening Comprehension Part A (30 分)

Short Conversations

Directions: In Section A, you will hear ten short conversations between two speakers. At the end of each conversation, a question will be asked about what was said. The conversations and the questions will be spoken only once. After you hear a conversation and the question about it, read the four possible answers on your paper, and decide which one is the best answer to the question you have heard. 1. A. This afternoon B. Tomorrow C. Next month D. Next week 2. A. Tidy up the place B. Get more food and drinks C. Hold a party D. Ask his friend to come over 3. A. Call a repairman B. Get out the paper stuck C. Turn to her colleague for help D. Restart the machine 4. A. She is sorry the man will not come. B. She will ask David to talk less. C. She has to invite David to the party. D. She will meet the man halfway. 5. A. 25 minutes B. 15 minutes C. 20 minutes D. 30 minutes 6. A. Relieved B. Worried C. Confused D. Depressed 7. A. By bus B. By underground C. On foot D. By bicycle 8. A. She will drive the man to the supermarket. B. The man needn’t go shopping every week. C. The man should buy a car of his own. D. She can pick the man up at the grocery. 9. A. The first-round talks should start as soon as possible. B. He should change his schedule to meet John Smith. C. The talks can be held any day except this Friday. D. The woman should contact John Smith first. 10. A. He lost his way. B. He received a traffic ticket. C. He worked very carefully. D. He drove in heavy traffic. Part B Passages Directions: In Part B, you will hear two short passages, and you will be asked three questions on each of the passages. The passages will be read twice, but the questions will be spoken only once. .When you hear a question, read the four possible answers on your paper and decide which one would be the best answer to the question you have heard.

Questions 11 through 13 are based on the following passage. 11. A. One B. Two C. Three D. Four 12. A. Auditory learners B. Hands-on learners C.Self-teaching learners D. Visual learners 13. A. One should find his or her own learning style. B. Make full preparations for the lessons to be taught. C. Use a tape recorder instead of taking detailed notes.

D. Organize notes with charts and pictures. Questions 14 through 16 are based on the following passage. 14. A. To inform parents and schools B. To pick out good students C. To compare teachers D. To expose poor schools 15. A. They have no trust in doctors. B. They can’t afford the medical fee. C. They fear things like injections. D. They doubt the medical treatment. 16. A. Teachers’ difficult life B. Harm of divorce to families C. Ways to become loveable kids D. Kids’ attention-seeking behaviour Part C Longer Conversations Directions: In Part C, you will hear two longer conversations. After you hear each conversation, you are required to fill in the numbered blanks with the information you have heard. Write your answers on your answer sheet. Blanks 17 through 20 are based on the following conversation. What’s the table of figures about? By how much does the woman assume the pocket money rises? Why does the man think the rise is higher than inflation? What would be the man expect his children to do with their money? About the pocket money children in 17 get. By 18 . 19 .

Maybe parents are Pay for small 20

things.

Complete the form. Write ONE WORD for each answer. Blanks 21 through 24 are based on the following conversation. Where was the woman’s husband? Why was the man in Beijing? What did the woman think of China? Why hadn’t the man visited those scenic spots in China? He was at 21 . an international . 23 . .

He came to attend conference on ______22 She thought it was rich in He was always 24

Complete the form. Write NO MORE THAN THREE WORDS for each answer. II. Reading Section A (16 分) Directions: Read the following two passages. Fill in each blank with one proper word or the proper form of the given word to make the passage coherent. Make sure that your answers are grammatically correct. A When I was 8 years old, I once decided to run away from home. With my suitcase (25) ____________ (pack) and some sandwiches in a bag, I started for the front door and said to Mom, “I’m leaving.” “If you want to run away, that’s all right,” she said. “But you came into this home without anything and you can leave the same way.” I threw sandwiches in my suitcase on the floor heavily and started for the door again. “Wait a minute,” Mom said. “I want your clothes back. You didn’t wear anything when you (26)

________ (bear).” This really angered me. I tore my clothes off—shoes, socks, underwear and all—and shouted, “Can I go now?” “Yes,” Mom answered, “but (27) ______ ______ you close that door, don’t expect to come back.” I was so angry (28) ____________ I slammed (砰地关上) the door and stepped out on the front porch (走廊). Suddenly I realized that I was outside, with (29) ____________ on. Then I noticed that down the street, two neighbor girls were walking nearer. I (30) ____________ run to hide behind a big tree in our yard at once. After a while, I was sure the girls had passed by. I dashed to the front door and banged (砰地关上) on it loudly. “Who’s there?” I heard. “It’s Billy! Let me in!” The voice behind the door answered, “Billy doesn’t live here anymore. He ran away from home.” Glancing behind me to see if anyone else was coming, I begged, “Aw, Mom! I’m still your son. Let me in!” The door inched open and revealed Mom’s (31) ____________ (smile) face. “Did you change your decision about running away?” she asked. “What’s (32) ____________ supper?” I answered. B To celebrate the end of our exams, my friends and I went to a fast food restaurant. We ordered hamburgers and Coca Cola at the counter. When our food came, I started walking towards (33)____________ empty table. By bad luck, my purse strap ( 带 子 ) (34)____________(catch) on a chair and the tray I was holding slipped from my hands and went flying in the air. The tray, and its contents, fell on a man (35)____________ was just about (36)____________(take) a bite of his sandwich. I stared, greatly shocked, (37)____________ the drinks soaked (浸湿) his white shirt. Then I closed my eyes and prepared myself for his burst of anger. Instead, he said “It’s OK” to comfort me (38)____________ he disappeared into the washroom. Still shaky and unsure (39)____________ to do next, my friends and I went to a table and sat there, trying our best to look calm, A moment later, the man came out of the washroom and approached our table. My heart almost stopped beating, I thought he was going to ask for my father’s number and call him. To my surprise, he merely smiled at us, handed us some cash and said, “Buy yourself new hamburgers.” He then walked away without even finishing his food. He could have made what was already an uncomfortable situation (40)____________ (bad), but he chose a different way and gave us a reason to believe that there is still kindness in his world, I’ll never forget his actions. Section B (10 分) Directions: Complete the passage with the words in the box.. Each word can only be used once. Note that there is one word more than you need. A. recognize B. instead of C. born D. danger E. special F. sense G. certain H. reminds I. memories J. brain

K. relieves

Smell always means more to me than just what it is. Every time I smell roses I can see myself again in the garden of the large house in Cornwell. And when I smell a 41 type of oil, I am back again on the island. Or it’s the smell of jasmine which 42 me of the days when I stayed

with my grandmother and had the flower all around the house. Smell produces 43 , but it’s the most difficult to remember. This is because only a small area of the 44 is used in smell. Most people, however, can 45 at least 4,000 different smells, and women usually have a better 46 of smell than men. It seems that our idea of what smells are pleasant or unpleasant is something that we learn at about the age of three or four. It is not something we are 47 with. How do we know that some smells, like the smell of burning, mean 48 ? Flowers such as jasmine and roses are one thing, but what about the smell of people?Each has a 49 smell. A one-month-old baby can recognize its mother by smell. 50 shaking hands when meeting each other, people in many parts of the world kiss the face or the hands, probably for smell. III. Reading Comprehension Section A (15 分) Louis Chan is not dead. The 83-year-old writer, who uses the pen name Jin Yong, was having a quiet dinner at home when a 51 called him up. The reporter was trying to confirm the news 52 on a microblog that the 53 writer of martial arts fiction had died. Mr. Cha was happy to inform the reporter that, like Mark Twain, the reports of his 54 were exaggerated. After the call, Mr. Cha went back to his dinner and the reporter, supposedly, went back to his microblogging site to look for more “news”. Microblogging is 55 popular in China and around the world. This social networking platform keeps millions of “friends” 56 each other on a minute-to-minute basis. The short messages 57 information of a person’s thoughts and activities throughout the day. It’s a fun way to keep connected with your friends. It’s also a good way to pass on information about the 58 trends and news. But microblogging does have its 59_. Some people are becoming microblog zombies. The amount of information on these short-message sites is 60. Some people spend hours 61 the routine activities of their “friends” to the point where their own lives are 62. The only thing real in their lives becomes the mobile phone in their hands which they stare at all the time. There is also an element of danger in microblogging. Telling people where you are and what you are doing has 63 cases of stalking(跟踪) and bullying. And then there is the danger that a comment you make can be 64. Zhou Libo, the popular Shanghai comedian, became an overnight villain when his post about the Jiaozhou Road apartment fire was considered insensitive. The stories of Mr. Cha and Mr. Zhou are lessons that some common sense should be used when microblogging: be careful what you say and don’t 65 everything you read. 51. A. relative B. reporter C. professor D. die-hard fan 52. A. reminded B. supported C. opposed D. posted 53. A. respectable B. infamous C. respectful D. amateur 54. A. fame B. success C. death D. failure 55. A. enormously B. hardly C. hopelessly D. comparatively 56. A. touch up B. touch off C. in touch with D. out of touch with 57. A. purchase B. provide C. preserve D. propose 58. A. mysterious B. synthetic C. urgent D. latest

59. A. drawbacks 60.A. overbearing 61.A. listening to 62.A. neglected 63.A. resulted from C. took in 64.A. misleading 65.A. impress

B. advantages B. overtaken B. following B. killed

C. strength D. merits C. overcharged D. overwhelming C. glancing at D. acting C. promoted D. improved B. made the most of D. led to B. miscalculated C. misunderstood D. misdirecting B. believe C. overlook D. record

Directions: For each blank in the following passages there are four words and phrases marked A,B,C and D. Fill in each blank with the word or phrase that best fits the context. Section B (2X12=24) (A) It’s no secret that most busy American mothers use the TV set as a live-in babysitter. In some households the tube holds a child’s attention for the odd half hour or two while mom works on dinner; in others it is the child’s constant daytime companion. Is there any harm in this? Debate continues violently over the question, and at intervals research is published showing that TV reduces attention span (范围), makes children jumpy or leads them to violence. In today’s cartoon, David Horsey makes fun of the claims of “children’s TV”, the special programming that supposedly uses entertainment to help youngsters to learn to read and take their first steps in the big, varied world outside their family. What do children really get from this programming? Horsey’s suspecting is that children’s programming chiefly turns kids into TV addicts, not into readers or happy mixers. The toddler ( 初 学 走 路 的 孩 子 ) in the cartoon, still at the age of pacifiers(橡皮奶 嘴)and stuffed animals, is held spellbound (入迷) by the figure on the screen. What is the stimulating message of this creature specifically designed to fascinate small children? “Can you say TV?” The sooner the kid learns the word, the more effectively he can remind his mother to turn on the TV. A child hooked on TV is a viewer open to commercial messages, and there are plenty of those targeting children of all ages. Thus, at the very least, mom’s search for peace and quiet sets the stage for her child’s transformation(变化)into an American consumer — and, of course, soaks up time that could be used for other, perhaps more desirable, transformations. 66. What does the underlined phrase “soaks up” in Paragraph 4 mean? A. takes in B. gets in C. sets up D. uses up 67. According to the passage, which of the following is NOT the influence on children brought by TV?

A. Paying less attention to other messages. B. Being close to violence. C. Gaining practical knowledge. D. Forming consuming awareness. 68. What information can we get from David Horsey’s cartoon? A. Children’s TV programs can teach children how to pronounce some words effectively. B. Little children are addicted to Children’s TV programs which are actually not instructional. C. American parents depend too much on TV to help educate their children. D. These children’s TV programs can make toddlers quiet and spare time for moms to work. 69. Which word can best describe the writer’s tone to parents’ using TV to search for peace? A. Positive. B. Appreciated. C. Supportive. D. Concerned. (B) A brand is a name, word, sign, symbol, design, or a combination of these, intended to identify the goods or services of a company or a group of companies. Another purpose of a brand is to contrast one company from another. The most important skill of professional marketers is the ability to create, maintain, protect, and enhance the brands of their products and services. Branding has become so important that today hardly any company or product is without one. Therefore, brand management is an increasingly important element in marketing. Brand power refers to the relative strength of a company’s brand in the minds of consumers, and can influence consumers’ choice of products. Brands are powerful to the extent that they give high brand loyalty and strong brand associations, name recognition, perceived quality and other assets to a company. A strong brand can be one of a company’s most important assets. High brand power provides a company with many competitive advantages. A powerful brand enjoys a high level of consumer brand awareness and loyalty. Because consumers expect stores to carry the brand, the company has more bargaining power when negotiating with retailers (零售商). And because the brand name brings high credibility, a company with a strong brand can more easily launch new products with the same brand name. Many companies use the advantage of a strong brand power strategically to expand their business. When a company introduces an additional item with a new flavour, form, colour or package size in a given product category and under the same brand name, it is called a line extension. Another strategy is called brand extension. This involves the use of a successful brand name to launch new or modified products in a new category, thereby employing brand recognition in order to increase sales of new products. Brand recognition is certainly important. Because consumers often hold long-standing perceptions about brands, high brand power ensure a company continued sales of its products. 70. What does the word “assets” in the 2nd paragraph mean? A. points B. advantages C. aspects D. elements 71. All of the following statements are the advantages of a high brand power EXCEPT that______. A. a high brand wins the loyalty of consumers B. a high brand usually sets a much higher price C. it’s easy for a high brand company to launch new products D. a high brand company is more competitive when doing business with retailers

72. A brand extension ______. A. happens when the company is developing a new product B. means the expansion of a company’s business in its established field C. takes place when the company introduces a similar item but with a new colour D. refers to the use of an established brand name to promote a new product in a new category 73. What might be the best title of this passage? A. Brand Power B. Famous Brands C. Company Brands D. Brand Products (C) Petroleum, consisting of crude oil(原油) and natural gas, seems to originate from organic matter in marine sediment(海洋沉淀物).Tiny organisms settle to the seafloor and gather in marine mud. The organic matter may partially break down, using up the dissolved oxygen in the sediment. As soon as the oxygen is gone, decay stops and the remaining organic matter is preserved. Continued sedimentation buries the organic matter and subjects it to higher temperatures and pressures, which change the organic matter to oil and gas. As muddy sediments are pressed together, the gas and small drops of oil may be squeezed out of the mud and may move into sandy layers nearby. Over millions of years, accumulations of gas and oil can collect in the sandy layers. Both oil and gas are less dense than water, so they generally tend to rise upward through rock and sediment. Oil pools are valuable underground accumulations of oil, and oil fields are regions underlain by one or more oil pools. When an oil pool or field is discovered, wells are drilled into the ground. When the well reaches a pool, oil usually rises up the well because of its density difference(密度 差) with water beneath it or because of the pressure of expanding gas trapped above it. Although this rise of oil is almost always carefully controlled today, strong natural flows of oil were common in the past. Gas pressure gradually dies out, and oil is pumped from the well. Water or steam may be pumped down neighboring wells to help push the oil out. As oil becomes increasingly difficult to find, the search for it is extended into more unfriendly environments. The development of the oil field on the North Slope of Alaska and the construction of the Alaska pipeline are examples of the great expense and difficulty involved in new oil discoveries. Offshore drilling platforms extend the search for oil to the ocean’s continental shelves. More than one-quarter of the world’s oil and almost one-fifth of the world’s natural gas come from offshore, even though offshore drilling is six to seven times more expensive than drilling on land. Of course, there is far more oil underground than can be recovered. Even given the best exploration techniques, only about 30 to 40 percent of the oil in a given pool can be brought to the surface. The rest is far too difficult to reach and has to remain underground. 74. Which of the following is true about petroleum formation? A. Microscopic organisms that live in mud produce crude oil and natural gas. B. Large amounts of oxygen are needed for petroleum formation to begin. C. Petroleum is formed when organic material in sediments combines with decaying organisms. D. Petroleum formation appears to begin in marine sediments where organic matter exists.

75. What does the development of the Alaskan oil field mentioned illustrate? A. More petroleum is extracted from the sea than from land. B. Drilling for oil requires huge financial investments. C. The global demand for oil has been increasing over the years. D. The North Slope of Alaska has substantial amounts of oil. 76. What does the author mainly intend to tell us in the passage? A. The formation, processing and exploration of petroleum B. The specific techniques involved in oil exploration. C. The changing relationships between countries. D. The future intense situation in oil product markets. 77. What can we infer from the passage? A. Available exploration techniques serve our purpose of exploring oil very well. B. More and more public regions will be further protected from being drilled in the future. C. Countries may suffer from unpleasant relationships for respective benefits in exploring oil. D. Powerful flows of oil is a phenomenon which can be witnessed rarely now.

Section C (8 分) (D) This article is designed to help you understand why you should always call the authorities to the scene of an accident in which you were injured and why the insurance company you may be facing will hate that you did so! When you call the police to the scene of your accident, then the police will require the drivers involved to exchange insurance and identification information. The police may also obtain witness information and preserve statements about the event, including descriptions of what occurred and complaints of injury. All of this information will very likely assist you in the future with your claim and hurt the insurance company's ability to deny your claim. By calling the police, you have made an official record of the event and can be relatively sure that the information you receive about the other driver is accurate and truthful. This official record will effectively prevent the other driver's insurance company from arguing that the incident did not occur or that their insured driver was not involved in the cause of your injuries. (Yes, insurance companies will deny responsibility at every opportunity, including whether their driver was even in the accident with you.) Finally, statements from witnesses or the other driver may contain valuable facts that may be later forgotten or can be used to make up a "changed story." I don't know how many times I have been told by my clients that the other person admitted fault at the scene, but later hear from the insurance company that no such statement was made and that the cause of the accident was contested. (You may not be aware of th is, but I will bet that your own automobile insurance card contains the following instruction: Do not admit fault for the accident. Remember, the insurance companies hate it when their drivers take responsibility for the accident because it damages their ability to deny or effectively defend your claim. After all, these companies are in business to make lots of money, not to pay it to you!) If you follow this rule, then you are a step

ahead in the game and you will have a much better chance of successfully making your automobile accident personal injury claim. (Note: Answer the questions or complete the statements in NO MORE THAN TWELVE WORDS.) 78. The information related to a car accident is collected by the police to ______. 79. If witness statements are not recorded officially, the relevant facts may ______. 80. What can you do when you have called the police to the scene? 81. Why don’t the insurance companies want you to admit?

第 II 卷
I. Translation(22 分)

(共 45 分)

Directions: Translate the following sentences into English, using the words given in the brackets. 1. 充分利用时间并不意味着从早到晚不停地看书。 (动名词做主语) 2. 当听到胜利的消息,人们冲上了马路,欣喜若狂。 (倒装句, out…) 3. 约十分钟前,你是否见过一位身穿蓝色 T 恤衫的青年站在街道拐角处?(sight) 4. 由于下周一的考试,要自由自在地享受即将来临的周末看来不可能了。 (不定式做主语) 5. 就设备而言,这家饭店也许排不上第一,但他们向顾客保证提供优质的产品和最佳的服 务。 (assure) II Guided Writing(25 分) Directions: Write an English composition in 120-150 words according to the instructions. 最近,校园内某些地方环境卫生状况令人堪忧。请描述校园内卫生状况的重灾区,如教室地 面上的废纸,到处丢弃的饮料瓶,校园绿化死角,校园道路上散落的垃圾等等。并对这一现 象说说你的想法,提出可行的建议。

答 案

II . A.25. packed 28. that 31. smiling 33. an 36. to take 39. what B. 41-50 26. were born 29. nothing 32. for 34. was/got caught 37. as/when 40. worse 35. who/that 38. before 27. the moment 30. had to

GHIJAFCDEB

80. I can make an official record of the event.

81. Because it damages their ability to deny your claim.

1. Making full use of time doesn’t mean reading from morning to night. 2. When/On hearing the news of victory, out rushed people onto the streets, wild with joy. 3. About ten minutes ago, did you catch sight of a young man in a blue T-shirt standing at the street corner? 4. To enjoy the freedom of the coming weekend seems to be impossible because of the examination next Monday. 5. In terms of facilities, the restaurant may not be ranked first, but they assured the customers that they would provide quality goods and the best service.


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