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2014高考英语总复习


◆高考总复习· 英语◆

第四讲 介词

◆高考总复习· 英语◆

温馨提示
要做好语法填空中的介词填空题,考生需多记 固定词组。下列介词是高考中的高频介词,需熟练 掌握其意义和与其相关的短语:in,on,at, between,among,for,after,through,across, with,wit

hout,about,since,from,as,like,into, besides,except。



◆高考总复习· 英语◆
介词考点透析 1.介词是用于名词词组或相当于名词词组结构表示 词语间语义关系的词类。就其构成来说,可分为:简 单介词(about),复合介词(within),双重介词(by means of),分词介词(including)。 2.after,in的用法。 after,in都可与终止性动词连用,用于将来时态。但 after后接时间点,in后接时间段。 (1)Come and see me in two or three days' time. (2)I'm busy now.I will go to see you after seven tonight.


◆高考总复习· 英语◆
3.besides,except,but,but for,except for的用法。 (1)Your composition is good ________ some spelling mistakes. A.but B.except C.but for D.except for (选D) (2)The window is never opened ________ in summer. A.but B.besides C.beside D.except (选D。but后不接介词短语)


◆高考总复习· 英语◆
(3)But for your help,I couldn't have passed the examination. (but for:“要不是”,表虚拟条件) (4)I have few friends but you.(but:除· · · · · · 外,没有· · · · · · ) (5)I have quite a few friends besides you. (besides: 除· · · · · · 外,还有· · · · · · ) 4.as,with的用法。 as,with都有“随着······”之意。as为连词,后接从句; with为介词,后接名词或名词短语。 (1)As the day went on,the weather got worse. (2)With the production up by 60%,the company had had another excellent year.


◆高考总复习· 英语◆
5.as,like的用法。 as指身份、资格, 意为“作为”,like用于说明相 似关系,即两者在形态或特性上有相似之处,但并 不等同。 (1)Like most students,she was always prepared and never came to class late. (2)As the chief engineer,you should answer for this terrible accident.



◆高考总复习· 英语◆
6.一般介词后不能跟that引导的宾语从句,只有在 but,except,besides,in后才偶然见到that引导的宾 语从句(in that...意为“在· · · · · · 方面”、“既然······”)。 (1)He is a good student except that he is sometimes late for school. 他是个好学生,只不过有时会迟到。 (2)We ask nothing from you but that you should try to be a useful man to the society. 我们对你无所求,只是你应该努力做个对社会有用 的人。


◆高考总复习· 英语◆
(3)He differs from his brother in that he looks farther ahead in his work. 他与他哥不同的是他在工作中看得更远些。 7.with的用法。 (1)Would you like to go to the cinema with me? (和· · · · · · 一起) (2)Temperature varies with the time of the year.(随着) (3)A waiter arrived with a cup of tea.(携带,带来,带 走) (4)She was trembling with fear.(指原因或理由)


◆高考总复习· 英语◆
(5)with+宾语+宾语补足语 With time passing,they have become more experienced. She lay in the chair with her eyes closed. With all the problems solved,we could have a good rest. 8.without 表示“如果没有”,常隐含虚拟条件。 句中如有without,需特别注意句中的动词形式。此 外还需注意without的词汇意义,不要误用。 I wouldn't have entered this famous university without your help.Thank you very much.


◆高考总复习· 英语◆
强化训练

(一)用适当的介词填空
1.(2012· 全国卷Ⅰ)Mary is really good at taking notes in class.She can put ________ down almost every word her teacher says. 2.(2012· 全国卷Ⅱ)We set ________ to paint the whole out house but finished only the front part that day. 3.(2012· 江苏卷)—OK, I've had enough of it.I give up.

—You can't run away ________ from your responsibilities.


◆高考总复习· 英语◆
4.(2012· 湖北卷)Walking alone in the dark, the boy up whistled to keep ________ his courage.
5.(2012· 湖北卷)I'm so glad you've come here to see ________ this matter in person. to 6.(2012· 安徽卷)The athlete's years of hard training paid ________ when she finally won the Olympic gold off medal. 7.(2012· 福建卷)You had better set ________some aside time every day for sports so that you can keep yourself energetic.


◆高考总复习· 英语◆
8.(2012· 陕西卷)He had to pause from time to time to wipe the sweat from his forehead, because the airconditioning system broke ________. down 9.(2012· 四川卷)It's surprising that your brother picked ________ Russian so quickly—he hasn't lived up there very long. 10.(2012· 江西卷)I've got ________the habit of into calling in on my grandparents on my way home from school.


◆高考总复习· 英语◆
11.(2012· 浙江卷)Armed with the information you have gathered, you can set ________ about preparing your business plan. 12.(2012· 湖北卷)The furniture, with its modern style and bright colors, suits modern houses and their gardens, but looks ________ of place in the garden of a traditional out home.

13.(2012· 江西卷)He seems to be giving the impression that he didn't enjoy himself in Paris. ________the contraOn ry, he had a wonderful time.


◆高考总复习· 英语◆
14.(2012· 浙江卷)Brown said he was by no means annoyed; ________ the contrary he was glad to be on able to make himself clearly understood.
15.(2012· 全国卷Ⅱ)—What shall we do tonight then? —It's ________ to you—whatever you want. up



◆高考总复习· 英语◆
(二)用适当的介词完成下列短文

Father's Day occurs 1. _____the third Sunday 2. on _____June.The idea for creating a day 3. _____children in for to honor their fathers began in Spokane,Washington. A woman 4. _____the by name of Sonora Smart Dodd thought 5. _____the idea for Father's Day while listenof ing to a Mother's Day sermon 6. _____1909. in
Having been raised 7. _____her father,Henry by Jackson Smart,after her mother died,Sonora wanted her father to know how special he was 8. _____her. It to


◆高考总复习· 英语◆
was her father that made all the parental sacrifices and was, 9. _____the eyes in his daughter,a courageous, in selfless,and loving man. Sonora's father was born in June,so she chose to hold the first Father's Day celebration 10. _____Spokane ,Washington 11. _____19th in on of June,1910.
In 1924 President Calvin Coolidge announced the third Sunday in June 12. _____Father's Day. Roses are as the Father's Day flowers.


◆高考总复习· 英语◆
专题训练 广东各地市历年模拟题演练 按照句子结构的语法性和句子连贯的要求,在空白处 填上适当的词或使用括号中单词的正确形式填空。 1.The ox worried how he would cross ________his with poor eyesight. 2.We were both laughing the whole time at our complete inability to communicate ________words. in



◆高考总复习· 英语◆
3.He fell________ his knees and put his arms around on his precious little girl. He begged her to forgive him for his unnecessary anger. 4.HP is based in Palo Alto, California. The lawyer general of the state, Bill Lockyer, discussed the case ________national television Tuesday. on
5.Taking advantage of ignorance will no longer be possible:people will know—and soon tell others, even those ________the Internet. without


◆高考总复习· 英语◆
6.We convey either by words or by actions that failure is something to be ashamed ________. of

7.The blind child must learn languages __________ a in slow and often painful way.
8.I would return again and again __________ the same to subject, eager for more information. 9.The painters designed three images, including ________a young, middleaged and aged Confucius.


◆高考总复习· 英语◆
10.“He is a cute boy ________bright eyes, holding a with book.” Zhao said. 11.I remember tearing across town ________my bike to on visit her on the day my big sister dropped the bomb: “There is no Santa Claus.” she laughed. 12.When I took the money from her grandparents, I looked back ________the girl, who was giving me the at most optimistic, largest smile I had ever seen.


◆高考总复习· 英语◆
13.With the Internet, parents cannot check a published guide to determine what is suitable ________ their for children to see. 14.The woman would sit ________ by/beside her husband to make sure that he had everything he needed for a pleasant meal. 15.It is common to see everyone help with the meal, __________ including (include) the husband.



◆高考总复习· 英语◆




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