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北师大版英语选修8


Unit 22 Environmental Protection Warm-up and Lesson 1 Global warming 教案
Teaching aims
1. learn news words and phrases 2. warm-up: talk about and discuss environmental problems 3. te

xt:global warming . get the general idea of the text 4. language points and to practise using reporting verbs.

Teaching time Two periods
Teaching process Step 1 Revision Step 2 new words learning 1.ask some students to read the new words first and correct their pronunciation 2.play the tape and have them read after the tape 3.give them a few minutes to read the new words freely ,tell them if they can’t read the words, encourage them to ask the teacher . Step 3 Warm-up 1.Read unit objectives, and ask the students to tell us the meanings. 2.Exercise 1 a) let the students read the key words b)let them look at the pictures and discuss the question: How much do you know about environmental problems? c)ask them do exercise 1.

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d)let some students write their answers on the board. 3.Exercise 2 a)let the students read the statements and guess what the report is about. b)play the tape twice and decide if the statements are true or false. c)check answers.and ask them to correct the false statements. 4.Exercise 3 ask students to discuss in pairs :which animals do you think are among the top 5 enda ngered species in China? 5.Exercise 4 a)read the questions first b)have the students work in pairs and discuss the questions step 4 Reading 1.Before you start a)students work in groups,looking at the pictures,and give them a few minutes to disc uss the question:what do you know about global warming? b)discuss the question:which countries do you think contribute more to global warmin g?why? c)ask students to go through the words in exercise 3.and then ask them to read the te xt and underline the words they find. d)ask students to identity the words in the text and e3xplain their meaning,either in En glish or Chinese. 2.Read to learn a) ask the students look at exercise 4, and then play the cassette twice. b) give them a few minutes to read the text and discuss the questions. c) Go through the questions and ask them to give their answers and explain if necess ary.

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3.Language points 1.can we take the heat?我们受得了这么热吗? 2.beyond our control 我们不能控制的 beyond prep.在(到)...较远的一边, 超过, 那一边 adv.在远处 n.远处 eg. Don't stay there beyond midnight. 不要过了午夜还留在那儿。 What lies beyond the mountains? 山的那一边有什么? Men can travel to the moon and beyond. 人们能到月球或更远处去旅行。 The road is beyond that hill. 路在山的那一边。 Some shops keep open beyond midnight. 有些商店营业到半夜以后。 The rumour is beyond belief. 这谣言不可信。 I know nothing of it beyond what he told me. 除了他告诉我的以外, 别的我什么都不知道。 He is such a naughty boy and is beyond my control. 他是个顽皮的孩子,我实在无法管教. 3.speed up 加快速度,促进 eg. The train gradually speeded up.火车逐渐加快速度. 4.refer to 提到, 谈到, 涉及 ;参考, 查阅 ;向...打听[查询] ;认为与...有关, 认为...起源于... refer to sb. [sth.] as 称某人[物]为 eg. What I have to say refers to all of you. 我要说的话涉及到你们大家。 The teacher referred him to Chapter V. 老师叫他看第五章。 The visitors are referred to the information desk. 让来访者到问事处去。 He referred his success to the good teaching he had had. 他把他的成功归于他以前所受的良好教育。 5.in turn adv.依次, 轮流 in one's turn(依次)轮到时;这一回

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by turns 轮流地,依序地 eg.They sang on the stage in turn. We drove the car by turns. 6.lead to 通向, 导致 lead up to 把话题渐渐引到...; 导致 eg. All roads lead to Rome. [谚]条条道路通罗马。 His actions lead me to distrust him. 他的行为使我不信任他。 7.leaving the earth cold…. Leave+n.+adj./adv. 听任,使…处于某种状态 Eg. left the lights on. 让灯亮着 The window was left open. 让窗子开着。 leave the door open 让门开着 leave a thing as it is 听其自然, 置之不理 8.as a result of 9.continue to do sth. 10.all over the world 11.play one’s part 12. slow down v.(使)慢下来 13.add up v.合计 step 5 vocabulary:exercise 6 1.look at the expressions in the box first. 2.ask students do the exercise individually and write down their answers on the board. 3.ask them read out the sentences. Step 6 grammar:reporting

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1.exercise 7.ask students to identify the sentences that these statements relate to and circle the reporting verbs. 2.ask them to explain the reasons. 3.exercise 8 students read the sentences and refer them to the grammar summary 1 on p age 100.then ask them to explain the reasons. 4.exercise 9.ask them to do the exercise individually,then check their answers. Step 7 Summary and exercise a) new words b) exercise 1 on page 52

Unit 22 Environmental Protection Lesson 2 Endangered Species 教案
Teaching aims
1.words and phrases: 2.listening:a lecture and a dialogue and take notes 3.to practise justifying arguments.

Teaching time Two periods(两课时连堂)
Teaching process Step 1 Revision Review the new words of last lesson

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Step 2 learn the new words step 3 listening 1.before you start a) exercise 1:match the names of the endangered species with the pictures. Ask students to look at the pictures and do the exercise individually. Then go through the pictures and check answers. b) exercise 2 students look at the words and explain the meaning of the words. Then do the exercise on the blackboard. 2.listen to learn a)ask students to look at the listening strategies and review them together. b)listen to the tape ,do exercise 3.let students write some notes. c)exercise 4.students work in pairs and use their notes to make sentences in turn. d)check their answers. e)exercise 5.have a few pairs of students compare their notes. let them tell the most important information that they got from the lecture. f)exercise 6.play the tape, ask the students to complete the fact files. then go through the fact files with the class. Step 4 vocabulary

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Exercise 7 Ask students to do the exercise individually and then check their answers Step 5 pronunciation 1.exercise 8.play the cassette again.ask students to pay attention to compound words. 2.ask them to read out the compound words they heard. 3.exercise 9.listen to the dialogue and complete the function file with these expressions. 4.play the cassette and do the exercise, then ask students to read the sentences. Step 6 speaking 1.ask students to read the information in exercise 10. 2.go through the key words with students in exercise 11.ask students to note down their priorities and solutions to the problems. step 7 Homework Exercise 2 in page 54

Unit 22 Environmental Protection Lesson 3 Unnatural disasters 教案
Teaching aims
1.words and phrases: 2.the text

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3.reading strategies 4.exercises about text 5.vocabulary: prefixes

Teaching time Two periods(两课时连堂)
Teaching process Step 1 Revision Review the new words of lesson 2 and have diction Step 2 learn the new words 1.ask some students to read the new words first and correct their pronunciation 2.play the tape and have them read after the tape 3.give them a few minutes to read the new words freely, tell them if they can’t read the words, encourage them to ask the teacher . step 3 reading 1.before you start have students read the key words,pay particular attention to word stress.then let them discuss the questions in pairs. 2.let students read reading strategies.get their meaning. 3.read to learn

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a)exercise 2. students read the text quickly and check their answers to exercise 1. b)exercise 3.tell students to read through the sentences first before they go back to the text and study each paragraph.then ask them to complete the exercise individually. check their answers c)exercise 4.play the cassette twice, and ask students to read the text again and answer the questions step 4 vocabulary: prefixes 1.Exercise 5 a)read the instructions to the class and let students know what to do b)students do the exercise in pairs 2.exercise 6 a)read the instructions to the class and tell students the answers include words that are in brackets in exercise 5. b)ask some students to do the exercise on the blackboard. c)check their answers and read the sentences 3.speaking:exercise 7 a)give them a few minutes to discuss the questions in pairs b)go around and monitor them c)check their answers step 5 Homework Exercise 2 in page 56

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Unit 22 Environmental Protection Communication workshop 教案
Teaching aims
1.words and phrases 2.listening:a radio interview 3.writing:a report 4.practising using formal linkers and synonyms 5.finishing the exercises about the text

Teaching time Two periods
Teaching process Step 1 Revision 1.dictation 2.check the homework exercise Step 2 new words learning Step 3 listening Exercise 1 1.discuss the pictures and ask students to describe each picture.

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2.students work in pairs, discuss the question: What is noise pollution? Exercise 2 1.first tell students a bad experience with noise. 2.students work in pairs and discuss their experiences with noise 3.ask some students to tell the class their partner’s bad experiences with noise. Exercise 3. 1.give students time to read the sentences and predict the kind of information that is missing. 2.then play the tape twice or more. 3.students complete the notes. and then check their answers. Exercise 4 1.read the three topics to the class and tell students to focus on taking notes on these three topics. 2.play the second part of the radio program twice for students to listen and take notes 3.then students work in pairs and compare their notes. step 4 writing:a report exercise 1 1.read out the heading to the class 2.ask students to read the report quickly and match sections with these headings. Exercise 2

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1.give students time to do the exercise individually. 2.check their answers. Exercise 3 Students do the exercise in pairs then check their answers Exercise 4. 1.read the instructions to the class and check that students understand what to do. 2.students do the exercise by themselves. 3.ask some students to write their answers on the blackboard 4.check their answers. step 5 speaking: discussing photos exercise 1 1.read through the opinions first 2.play the cassette and let students do the exercise Exercise 2 1.let students read through the expressions first. 2.play the cassette again 3.students do the exercise and then check their answers Exercise 3 1.students do the exercise in pairs

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2.check their answers step 6 homework exercise 2 in page 59

Unit 23 Conflict Lesson 1 Living in a Community 教案
Teaching aims 1. Learn news words and phrases 2. To get the general idea of the text 3. Language points and to practise using vocabulary belonging to the same semantic family. Teaching important points : 1) Words and phrases: gnarl ,Vietnamese, identification , flee, spare, stick up, commander, a couple of , unofficial , chief , ward , hug, aboard , fire brigade, procedure, mission 2) To improve students ’reading abilities . Teaching difficult points : 1) How to use the useful and important words and phrases. 2) How to get the general idea in a limited time . 重难点突破: 本课为阅读课,在清除单词障碍后,重点放在篇章的理解和阅读技巧上。 利用课文内容补充关于战争的信息,激发学生学习英语的兴趣,利用录音培养学生的语感 和听力技巧。 Teaching aids : cassette , computer 教学板书:见课件

Teaching process Step 1 New words learning Step 2 Before you start (exercise 1)

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a) Have students look at the pictures on the page and say what they know about World War I , World War II and the Vietnam War. b) Students work in pairs , doing the quiz on Students’ Book page 102. c) Checking their answers, have them give reasons for their choice if they disagree about any of the answers. Step 3 .Read to learn a) Read out the strategies to the class. Ask students which of these strategies they use, if

they have to read a text and answer questions in an exam or within a certain time limit. b) Exercise 2.students then use the strategies to answer the questions in exercises 3,4,5

within a realistic timelimit. c) Check their answers

Step 4 Language points 1 竖起 stick up 3. 几个 a couple of 5. 在午夜 at midnight 7.清理 clear up 2. 厌烦 be fed up with 4. 达成共识 come to an understanding 6. 确信 make sure 8. 被炸毁的 be blown off

9.对……厌倦 be tired of 10.为……而战 fight for Step 5 . Exercises Do some exercises ,make sure the students can use the useful phrase freely . Step 6 speaking(exercise 7) 1.read out the questions to the class. ask students to think of different war contexts. 2.students then form groups of four or five to discuss their own replies to the questions. Step 7 Summary 1.Review the new words and phrases we have learnt in this class 2. Describe the war and its sufferings according to the text . Step 8 homework 1.Recite the useful phrases and new words 2. Finish P66-67

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Unit 23 Conflict Lesson 2 Conflict Resolution 教案
Teaching aims: To practice using phrasal verbs (短语动词) To practice listening strategies for identifying mood To practice using the language of arguing Teaching important points: 1) Useful vocabulary: talk…over, put forward, get your own back, going off with, give in, give…back, kick up a fuss, put up with, getting at, getting to, go off. 2) To improve students’ listening abilities. Teaching difficult points: 1) Some students may not be good at ―arguing‖ in Chinese and so will find it difficult to argue in English. 2) Some students may feel confused about using some of the phrasal verbs. 2.本课也侧重引导学生学会使用听力策略分辨说话者的语气和情绪。 Teaching procedures: Step 1: Greetings and warming up. Step 2: Before you start answer the questionnaire saying how you would react in the situations. Then check your answers on Page 103 Step 3: Listen to learn. Listen to the argument between a brother and sister. Step 4 Use the strategies to classify the expressions in the Function File. Step 5 Pronunciation. Listen to eight sentences and identify the mood. step 6 listen to a radio programme about how to resolve conflicts. Complete the sentences with the

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correct ending: a, b or c. Step 7: Language points: 1. irritate 激怒,使急躁 He was irritated for his son’s laziness. 2. respond to…对……的回应,对……的反应 He didn’t respond to my invitation. 3. withdraw- withdrew- withdrawn 退出,撤消,撤退,从……退出 1) He withdrew from the race. 2) The army withdrew from the front. 4. mediate (v.) – mediation (n.) 仲裁,调停,调解 The government mediated between the workers and the employer. 5. propose 计划,建议,向……提议 propose sth./ doing sth./ that I propose a rest before we continue the work. / I propose resting before…/ I propose that we have a rest before… Homework: Do exercise 1 on page 70.

Unit 23 Conflict Lesson 3 War Memories 教案
Teaching aims 1. Learn news words and phrases 2. To get the general idea of the text 3. Language points and to practice using vocabulary belonging to the same semantic family. Teaching important points: 1) Words and phrases: gnarl ,Vietnamese, identification , flee, spare, stick up, commander, a

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couple of , unofficial , chief , ward , hug, aboard , fire brigade, procedure, mission 2) To improve students ’reading abilities. Teaching difficult points: 3) How to use the useful and important words and phrases. 4) How to get the general idea in a limited time. 重难点突破: 本课为阅读课,在清除单词障碍后,重点放在篇章的理解和阅读技巧上。利 用课文内容补充关于战争的信息, 激发学生学习英语的兴趣, 利用录音培养学生的语感和听 力技巧。 Teaching aids: cassette , computer 教学板书:见课件 Teaching process Step 1 New words learning Step 2 Before you start (exercise 1) a) Have students look at the pictures on the page and say what they know about World War I, World War II and the Vietnam War. b) Students work in pairs, doing the quiz on Students’ Book page 102. c) Checking their answers, have them give reasons for their choice if they disagree about any of the answers. Step 3 Read to learn a) Read out the strategies to the class. Ask students which of these strategies they use, if

they have to read a text and answer questions in an exam or within a certain time limit. b) Exercise 2.students then use the strategies to answer the questions in exercises 3, 4, 5

within a realistic time limit. c) Check their answers

Step 4 Language points 1 竖起 stick up 3. 几个 a couple of 6. 在午夜 at midnight 2. 厌烦 be fed up with 4. 达成共识 come to an understanding 6. 确信 make sure 8. 被炸毁的 be blown off 10.为……而战 fight for

7.清理 clear up 9.对……厌倦 be tired of

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Step 5 Exercises Do some exercises, make sure the students can use the useful phrase freely. Step 6 speaking (exercise 7) 1. Read out the questions to the class, ask students to think of different war contexts. 2. Students then form groups of four or five to discuss their own replies to the questions. Step 7 Summary 1. Review the new words and phrases we have learnt in this class 2. Describe the war and its sufferings according to the text. Step 8 Homework 1. Recite the useful phrases and new words 2. Finish P66-67

Unit 23 Conflict Communication workshop 教案
Teaching aims
1.words and phrases 2.writing:a letter of complaint 3.to practise using the vocabulary of complaints 4.to practise using linking words and expressions 5.to practise the structure: the more…the more 6.listening:a film script 7.to practise having a formal telephone conversation and making a complaint.

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Teaching time Two periods
Teaching process Step 1 Revision 1.dictation 2.check the homework exercise Step 2 new words learning Step 3 writing: a letter of complaint 1.exercise 1 a)give students some time to read the letter and do the exercise. b)check their answers 2.exercise 2 a)read out the instructions and check that students understand the terms used. b)students work in pairs ,reading the text and classifying the underlined linking words and expressions. c)ask some students to do the exercise on the blackboard. step 4 listening: a film script 1.exercise 1:students look at the film still and guess which of the statements about the film are true or false. then play the tape.

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2.Exercise 2 a)give students some time to read the questions, then play the tape twice b)ask some students to answer the questions. 3.Exercise 3 a)Students read through the answer options first b)play the cassette again and see if they can answer the question. 4.Exercise 4.work in pairs and discuss these questions step 5 speaking: a formal telephone conversation exercise 1 1.let students read through the multiple-choice questions first 2.play the cassette and let students do the exercise Exercise 2 1.give students time to classify the sentences by reading them. 2.play the cassette 3.students do the exercise and then check their answers step 6 homework exercise 2 in page 73

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Unit 24 Society
Warming-up---教案
In this unit you will Discuss social issues, talk about society in the past and make suggestions. 1.Listen to a radio news report, a story, dialogues and a song. 2.Use listening strategies for dealing with cultural references 3.Read magazine articles and letters to a newspaper. use reading strategies for summarising. 4.Write a discursive essay. 5.Learn about complex sentences used for persuasion. Teaching Aim: (1) to get to know sth. about social problems in western countries begging discrimination violence drugs homelessness inequality poverty racism

unemployment abortion (2) to listen to a radio news report (3) to practice speaking

Teaching procedures: Step 1 Pre-listening 1.Before doing the exercise, introduction of the topic through some pictures and say what the contrast is illustrating 2.Say the key words after practicing pronunciation and word stress. 3.deciding what the biggest problem are in western countries and putting the problems in order of importance. 4. Tell the class your opinions and see how much general agreement there is about the two biggest problems. Present any new vocabulary the class needs to talk about problems in Western countries.

Step 2 Listening 1.listen for the first time and match the topics with the graphs

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2.listen for the second time and complete the table 3.check the answers by the listen to the tape again Answers : 2,3,4,1

Step 3 Speaking—talk about trends in British society. Step 4 Exercises 1. have ss look back at exercises 6 and 7 .play the tape again and ask them to listen for additional information about Lucy and Grant that is not in the exercises. 2. do exercise 4 ,have the ss look at the key words ,check that they understand the differences between some of them .

step 5 Summary Work in pairs. Use the key words to say true or false sentences about trends in British society. Key Words: Describing Trends to rise, to climb, to go up, to rocket,to double\ triple, to be on the increase,to fall, to go down, to decline, to be on the decrease,to fluctuate, to go up and down step 6 Homework

Unit 24 Society Lesson 1 Consumer Society 教案
Teaching Aim: (1) to learn to write complex sentences with these words: should ought to insist demand suggest it’s high time

(2) to read a passage about earning money and spending money (3) to master uses of some words and expressions (4) to listen to a dialogue, pay attention to the correct verb forms

Teaching procedures:

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Stage 1 revision 1. check the homework 2. make a dictation about the new words 3. guess the main idea of the text through the title and some pictures let the ss Look at the photos and the title of the article. Which three of the these things do you think will not be mentioned in the article? globe trade, stress and lack of time,crime and violence, reductions in the working week, work sharing, advertising, opportunities for leisure, drugs Stage 2 fast reading 1.read for the first time and check the result answers : global trade crime and violence drugs 2.Which of the writer’s views do you agree and disagree with? Give your reasons. Then report back to the class and see if your view are very different or similar. 3.What is the main idea of the article? A. To spend more money. B. The vicious circle in consumer society. C. We should take certain issues seriously. Answer;c 4. Match the headlines with the paragraphs ? ? ? ? The result of a spending circle It’s time to take the issues more seriously. What is a spending circle? A growing resistance to this consumer society.

Answer; 2413 Stage 3 read the article again and finish the summary of the article Detail reading 1). According to the writer, why are bigger and better houses and cars are burden for us? 2. What suggestions does the writer give? Which one do you agree or disagree? Stage 4 solve language puzzles Here, several words are explained. They are:

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be trapped in in the hope that/in the hope of go round and round resistance to be better off come into being aim at apart from/besides on a personal level Stage 5 grammar focus ① find out some sentences in the article and summarize their uses ② be in a vicious circle 恶性循环 a vicious companion a vicious textbook vicious criticism vicious reasoning a vicious headache a vicious kick/ look 2. go round and round 一个坏朋友 错误百出的教科书 恶意的批评 错误的推理 剧烈的头痛 含有恶意的一踢/看 不断地循环

3. be oneself(人)处于正常状态;显得自然 e.g. Sorry - I'm not myself this morning. Don’t try too hard – just be yourself. 4. resistance to sth. 抵抗(制); 反抗(对); wind resistance to an aircraft 风对飞机的阻力 resistance to the law 反对法律 break down the enemy’s resistance 粉碎敌人的抵抗 ★resist vt.抵抗;反抗;抵御;阻止 the power to resist disease 抗拒疾病的能力 她真忍不住要笑。 She could hardly resist laughing.

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我顶不住烤面包的诱惑。 I can't resist baked bread. 5. be redistributed to 重新分配

The presents were redistributed to the orphans. 6. aim at 向· · · · · · 瞄准; 旨在, 针对; 志在

他把枪瞄准了敌人。 He aims his gun at the enemy. 他力求准确。 He aimed at accuracy. 我们尽力在周五之前完成。 We aim to finish by Friday. a program that's aimed at teenagers The criticism wasn't aimed at you. 2) as well as/ besides Apart from his earnings as a football coach, he also owns and runs a chain of sports shops. 除了花费外,我们还需考虑这项工作要耗费的时间。 Quite apart from the cost, we need to think about how much time the job will take. 8. on a personal level 从个人角度来说 ② translation Stage 6 listening and exercises Homework: exercise 1,2,3,5,6 on page 80 and page 81 can be used as exercise resources. Stage 7 options Practice and extension Stage 8 summary Stage 9 homework

Lesson 2
Time Allocation: 3 periods

Utopia

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Teaching Objectives: 1. To make the students know what the Utopia is 2. To practice making tentative and stronger suggestions 3. To practice the pronunciation of making suggestions 4. To practice using phrasal verbs with up Teaching Important and Difficult Points: 1. To practice using phrasal verbs with up 2. To practice making tentative and stronger suggestions Teaching Facilities: computer, pictures Teaching Methods: illustration, listening Teaching Procedures: Step 1 Word study Review the following words and expressions with the class: Utopia, private, various, desire, authority, virtue, merciful, divorce, guilty, collision, pad, wag, baseball league, poster, Ministry of Sound(内阁之声), have affairs (Show the box on the screen.) Step 2 Pre-listening Work on Ex.1. Work in pairs. According to the four questions, ask Ss to guess the answers by looking at the pictures of the ideal society of Utopia. Step 3 While-listening Listening 1 Ex.2 Listen to Sir Thom More’s story about Utopia. Check your answers to Ex.1. While listening, it’s certain that Ss have some difficulty in understanding some long sentences or unknown versions. Teacher ought to explain them as he plays the tape. After listening, Ss check their answers to Ex.1. by themselves. And finally try to know what the Utopia is. Ex.3 Ss read the questions before they listen to the story again. Then, play the cassette and ask Ss to answer the six questions. Answers: ① It’s the most beautiful country in the world. For example, all the towns are the same and all the buildings are laid out in an ordered way. ② People only have to work six hours a day. When they are not working, they go to the lectures or play clever games. ③ Utopian society and families are well organized. There is a head of each family. There is a leader in each area of the town and each town has an elected leader. Each town has three representatives sent to the government. ④ Divorce is possible only when both the husband and wife want it. There are severe punishments for married people if they have affairs. They can be made slaves. ⑤ Utopia never trades with other countries because there is nothing that it needs. ⑥ There is no war in Utopia, because the people there hate war. Listen to the story again and then ask Ss to do Ex. 4. in class. Teacher goes around the class to check their lists. Work on Ex.5. Ask a few students to tell the class if they would like to live in Utopia and give reasons. Listening 2 Ex.6. Go on to listen. Listen to a conversation and then settle the problems.

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Answers: ① Main --- a street ② Town Hall --- a building ③ Milford --- a town ④ the number 23 --- a bus ⑤ a season ticket --- a bus or train pass for a certain period of time ⑥ mini-London Eye --- a fairground wheel ⑦ The Ministry of Sound --- a club in London ⑧ Hamlet --- a play by Shakespeare ⑨ Bath --- a town Work on Ex.7. Look at the given expressions first and then listen again for Ss to complete the Function File. After that, Ss are asked to read them with proper pronunciation after the tape. Answers: ① I wish they’d ② it’d be a good idea if ③ there could be ④ what about ⑤ it’s about time ⑥ I think they should ⑦ what would be really great is if 11 I think it’d be good if they ⑧ what we need ⑨ I’d charge ⑩ why don’t they ○ 12 they ought to 13 it’s time 14 let’s ○ ○ ○ Listening 3 Ex.8 Tentative or stronger? Answers: ① S ② T ③T ④S ⑤ S ⑥ T ⑦ S ⑧ T Step 4 After-listening 1. Speaking Ex.9. Practise making suggestions about how to improve a town. According to the example, continue to make up the dialogue. Pay attention to the intonation (! = strong; ? = tentative) when Ss are acting out. 2. Ex.10 and Ex.11 may be optional. 3. Ex.12. Practise the phrases with up in the sentences. Answers: ① clean/do ② set/lighten/dressing/take ③ held/turned/was making ④ going/have given/picks Step 5 Summary Ss mainly have listened for two passages, of which, the skill of making a proper suggestion has been stressed---tentative and strong. In addition, Ss have practiced some useful phrases with up. All of these are expected to be applied after class. Step 6 Homework 1. Recite all of the completed Function File in Ex.7. 2. Preview Lesson 3.

Unit 24 Society Lesson 3 A Changing World 教案
Teaching Aim: (1) to read a passage about Hutongs (2) to learn some reading strategies—summarizing (3) to master uses of some words and expressions

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Teaching procedures: Stage 1 introduction of the topic through some pictures Look at the photos and the title, and predict where these people lived and what the article is about.

Stage 2 predicting the topic of the passage Stage 3 introduction of the reading strategies Reading Strategies: Summarizing Read the text to get the general idea and identify paragraph topics. Underline the key sentence in each paragraph (often the beginning but not always). Then find information that backs it up. Write notes of the main points and the key information. Use your own words. Stage 4 reading extensively ① read for the first time, choose the best title for the passage, match the title to each paragraph and finish true or false questions a). Beijing Urban Planning b). Chinese Buildings c). Beijing’s Hutongs d). The History of Hutongs answer:c ② read for the second time, match the headings to the correct paragraphs and finish note taking Para A a). Bad times for hutongs Para B b). When and why hutongs were built Para C c). Beijing’s hutongs today Para D d). What is a hutong? Para E e). Connecting lives

Note-taking 1.Hutongs are _________ that connect the court-yards of traditional Chinese houses. 2. The term hutong is nowadays used to describe the alleyways, courtyards and the ___________

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that live there 3. The Emperors organised Beijing in blocks of houses because this made the city easier to ____________ _________. 4. Most of Beijing’s hutongs were built during the _____ _____ and _____ Dynasties. 5. Wealthy and important people lived in hutongs built close to the

___________________________. 6. Near the end of the Qing Dynasty, conditions in Beijing’s hutongs worsened because of _______ _________. 7. After the People’s Republic of China was established, conditions in Beijing’s hutongs _________. 8. Today, _________ of Beijing’s residential areas are hutongs. 9. Today, ____ of Beijing’s population still lives in hutongs 10. Hutongs are still an important part of Beijing. They attract many _______ each year.

Stage 5 solve language puzzles 1.Here, several words are explained. They are: leave an impression on refer to control over keep an eye on date back an ancient yet modern city 2.Language 1. flock vi. (常与 to, together 连用) 聚集成群 People in the town flocked to the theatre to see the new opera. 镇上的人蜂拥到剧院去看那部新歌剧。 Birds of a feather flock together.一丘之貉。 a flock of sheep 2. wander 一群羊 flock n. 禽群;畜群 Points

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vi. (常与 in, off 连用) 漫游;漫步;漂泊 The children wandered in the woods. 孩子们在森林里漫步。 The river wanders through beautiful country. His mind is wandering. 3. gaze vi. (常与 at, into, on 连用) 凝视,注视 The child gazed at the toys in the shop window. 孩子眼睛盯着商店橱窗里的玩具。 He just sat gazing into space/gazing through the window. 茫然地望着/呆呆地望着 4. in awe 敬畏地 那河蜿蜒流过美丽的村庄。 他神志不清。

No difficulty could awe these young men. We felt awe when contemplating(欣赏) the works of Bach. be in awe of… 对· · · · · · 望而生畏;对· · · · · · 感到害怕;对· · · · · · 十分崇敬 5. see sights 观光 6. leave…impression 7. refer -rr- (常与 to 连用)涉及; 提到 Don’t refer to this matter again, please. The new law does not refer to farm land. 新法律与耕地无关。 The shop referred the complaint to the manufacturers.商店把投诉转交给制造商。 8. control over 控制 9.keep an eye on sb./sth.: make sure that sb./sth. is safe, etc; look after sb./sth. Keep an eye on the baby. Could you keep an eye on my suitcase for a moment? 10. be situated in/on adj. 坐落, 位于· · · · · · The house is situated on a hill. 11. due to 因为;由· · · · · · 引起;由于 Many accidents are due to driving at high speed. Her illness was due to bad food. 她的病是吃了坏了的食物造成的。

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12. make up One hundred years make up a century. made up an excuse make up the lost time make up a room 13. be fascinated by: be attracted by 14. date back (to/from) This castle dates from the 14th century. This castle dates back 6 centuries. Our partnership dates back to 1960. 15. an ancient yet modern city a beautiful and tender lady an ugly yet tender lady Stage 6 exercises for some vocabularies alley, thirst, arch, squeeze, undertake, turning, cast, fragrant, recipe, mop, guard, grand, ancient, rectangle, edition Stage 7 Speaking Work in groups. Retell the text to each other using the notes from Exercise 5. Try to use your own words and the headings below. What is a hutong? When and why hutongs were built? Connecting lives bad times for hutongs Beijing’s hutongs today Stage 8 homework.

Unit 24 Society
Communication Workshop---教案

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Teaching Aim: (1) to read two letters and know sth. about crimes and punishments (2) to be introduced some linking words: as a result of just because so that due to so much consequently in order to

(3) to write a discursive essay (4) to discuss how to survive in the wild

Teaching Procrdures: Stage 1 introduction of the topic—setting a discussion Which of the crimes are a problem in China? What punishments would you give for the crimes? Keys words : crime and Punishment Crime: robbery, drug dealing, murder, break in , rape, shoplifting, theft Punishment : the death, penalty, fine, prison sentence ,soft , life sentence Stage 2 reading extensively ①read for the first time and match the arguments with personal opinions ②read for the second time and complete the gaps with linking words Stage 3 exercises Exercise 3 1. Explain the sentences 1-8 are from an essay so are not as personal a the two letters to the newspaper. 1.) I think we should bring back harder sentences. 2.) I totally agree with the American idea of ―three strikes and out‖. 3. )They have become like luxury hotels with television and gyms. 4.) I also believe we should restore capital punishment in this country. 5)We also need to think about the wishes of the families and friends. 6.) I am totally against harder sentences on principle. 7. )Capital punishment is judicial murder. 8. )It is a savage form of punishment which is against human dignity.

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2.

ss work in pairs , reading the sentences and matching them to personal opinions in the two letters.

Exercise 4 Read the letters again and complete the gaps with these linking words (reason/result) 1. Ss do the exercise working individually; they then compare answers in pairs before checking answers as a class. 2. check the answers by having individuals read out the sentences Ex. 4 1. As a result of 3. So much 5. just because 7. Consequently Stage 4 tell the students how to write a discursive essay Ss work individually, planning their essays, using their notes and organizing them into paras ,refer students to Writing Help 3. Stage 5 discussion—how to survive in the wild? Stage 6 Listening A Song ―Father And Son‖ by Cat Stevens Ex. 2. Listen to the song. Who do you think said these things, the father or the son? 1. father 2. father 3. father 4. father 5. father 6. son 9. father 12. father 7. son 10. father 13. son 8. son 11. father 14. son 2. so that 4. in order to 6. due to

Ex 3. Listen again. Answer these questions. 1. What do you think the situation is? Why do you think the son wants to go away? 2. What is the father’s advice? 3. How do you think both of them feel? Tapescript Father: It’s not time to make a change Just relax, take it easy, You’re still young, that’s your fault. There’s so much you have to know. Find a girl, settle down.

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If you want you can marry. Look at me, I’m old, but I’m happy. I was once like you are now, and I know that it’s not easy, To be calm when you found something going on. But take your time, think a lot, Why, think of everything you’ve got. For you will still be here tomorrow, but your dreams may not. Son: How can I try to explain, when I do the turns away again. It’s always been the same, same old story. From the moment I could talk was ordered to listen. Now there’s a way and I know that I have to go away. I know I have to go. Father: It’s not time to make a change Just relax, take it easy, You’re still young, that’s your fault. There’s so much you have to know. Find a girl, settle down. If you want you can marry. Look at me, I’m old, but I’m happy. Son: All the times that I cried, keeping all the things I knew inside, It’s hard, but it’s harder to ignore it. If they were right, I’d agree, but it’s them you know not me. Now there’s a way and I know that I have to go away. I know I have to go. Stage 7 summary Speaking: Problem Solving 1.Look at the photo. If you had to spend two weeks hiking on a mountain without any of the comforts of home. What would you miss most? 2. Which of these would be the biggest survival problem for you? Stage 8 homework

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