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定语从句和其他易混句型的区别及典型练习


定语从句和易混句型 213.6.16 一. 定语从句与单句 (注意标点符号。 两个单句间用句号, 而定语从句两个句子间用逗号。 ) 1.The mother told the lazy boy to work, ____didn’t help 2.The mother told the lazy boy to work. _____didn’t help. 3.There are

56 students in our class, most of ____are girls. A. which B. whom C. them D. that 二.定语从句与并列句(注意用标点符号和连接词 and, but 等来区别。 ) 1.Mr Li has three daughters, none of________ is an engineer. 2.Mr Li has three daughters, but none of__________ is a dancer. 3.Mr Li has three daughters; none of __________ are doctors. 三. 定语从句与强调句 强调句型可以还原成正常语序的句子,也就是说,强调句型中去掉 It be… that 后,句子仍 然通顺,意义也依然完整,只是没有那么强调突出。而定语从句去掉了 It be… that 后句子 就不完整了。 1. It is on the morning of May 1st _____ I met John at the airport. It is the morning of May 1st _____ I met John at the airport. 2. It is in the factory _______John works. It is the factory _______John works. 3.It was 5 o’clock in the morning _____he arrived home. 四. 定语从句与地点状语从句(看是否有先行词,如果有,就是定语从句,如果没有,就 是状语从句) 1.Rice doesn’t grow well _____ there is not enough water. 2.I still remember the farm_____ my parents worked ten years ago. 对比下面两个句子: He left the key where it was an hour ago. He left the place where he lived for many years. The visitor asked the guide to take his picture _____ stands the famous tower. A. that B. where C. which D. there 五. 定语从句与结果状语从句 在定语从句中,若先行词被 such 修饰时,关系词要用 as, 组成 such…as 结构.这个结构与状 语从句 such…that…(如此…以致…)很相似,要注意区别。若从句中的及物动词后无宾语, 就是定语从句, 用 such…as.否则就是状语从句,用 such…that. 1.I have the same computer _____you have. ( as) 2. She is such a kind girl _____all of us like to make friends with her. (that) 对比下面两个句子: He is such a good teacher as we all love and respect. He is such a good teacher that we all love and respect him. 练习:It is such a good place _____everybody wants to visit _____it is well-known all over the

world. ( C) A. which; that B. as ; as C. as ;that D. that; as 五. 定语从句与习惯句型. 注意固定句型:It is the first/second/third time that+ 从句(从句用现在完成时) 1.It is the first time ______she has been in Shanghai. 2.It was the time _______Chinese people had a hard life. 答案: 1.that 2.when 七. 定语从句与名词从句 一、定语从句与表语从句 1 . Is the factory where he worked near your school ? 他 工 作 过 的 工 厂 靠 近 你 学 校 吗 ? 2 . Is the factory the one where he worked ? 这 就 是 他 工 作 过 的 工 厂 吗? 3.Is the factory where he worked?这工厂就是他工作过的地方吗? 析:这三个句子结构相似,均是主系表结构。若先将疑问句变为陈述句,再判断其从句的功 能有助于理解。上述例句分别可变为:1)The factorywhere he worked is near our school.2) The factory is the one where he worked.3)The factory is where he worked.显然句 1、2 中的 从句为定语从句,句 3 中的从句为表语从句。 二. 定语从句与同位语从句的区别。 首先看引导从句的关系词 that 是否在从句中充当句子成分。如果在从句中充当主、宾、表, 则是定语从句。 再看 that 前的名词是否是一些需要有内容的名词, 如: idea, fact, thought, news 等。后面的从句是说明其内容的, (这个名词在后面的从句中部充当任何成分) ,这个从句则 是同位语从句 The news that they had won the match inspired us greatly. 他们赢得了比赛的消息极大地鼓舞了 我们。 2.The news that they told us yesterday proved true.他们昨天告诉我们的消息结果证 明是真的

1. I, ___your good friend, will try my best to help you out. A.who is B.who am C.that is D.which am 2. The old man has two sons, ___are lawyers. A.both of them B.both of who C.both of whom D.both of they 3. He is a man of great knowledge, ___much can be learned. A.in whom B.about whom C.from whom D.of whom 4. I can tell you ___he told me last week. A.all which B.all what C.that all D.all that 5. This is the museum ____we saw an exhibition the other day. A.that B.which C.where D.in that 6. This museum is ___you visited the other day. A.that B.which C.where D.the one 7. This is the museum ___you saw the other day. A.that B.where C.in which D.in that 8. It is the third time ___late this month. A.that you arrived B.when you arrived C.that you’ve arrived D.when you’ve arrived 9. It was in 1969___the American astronaut succeeded in landing on the moon. A.that B.which C.in which D.when 10..We often think of the days ___we spent together on the island. A.when B.which C.in which D.during which 11. Have you ever been to Shanghai, ____I left ten years ago? A.where B.which C.that D.when 12. He has left Beijing, ___a meeting is to be held. A.when B.where C.as D.which 13. This is the very place ___I’m wishing to live in. A.where B.which C.that D.in which 14.I have bought the same dress ____she is wearing. A.as B.that C.which Dthan 15.Can you solve such problems ___raised by the audience? A.what were B.as were C.that were D.which were 16.___is natural,he married Mary. A.It B.What C.Which D.As 17.All___is needed is a supply of oil. A.the thing B.that C.what D.which 18.In the dark street,there wasn’t a single person ______she could turn for help. A.that B.who C. from whom D.to whom 19. The place ___you are going to visit is the ruin of a place. A.in which B.at which C.where D.which 20. The factory ___I am going to is the place ___my mother used to work many years ago. A.where,where B.where, which C.which,where D.that,which 21. Don’t do such things ___you are not sure about. A.that B.which C.as D.what

22. Rober is good at language, ____we all know. A.because B.for C.as D.since 23. She wrote a letter to her father, ___she made her secret known. A.which B.that C.in which D.where 24.His plan was such a good one ________ we all agreed to accept it. (2006 陕西卷) A. so B. and C. that D. as 25.There were dirty marks on her trousers ________ she had wiped her hands. (2004 全国卷 II) A. where B. which C. when D. that 26.________ is known to us all is that the 2008 Olympic Games will take place in Beijing. A. It B. What C. As D. Which 27.Animals suffered at the hands of Man ________ they were destroyed by people to make way for agricultural land to provide food for more people. (2008 江西卷) A. in which B. for which C. so that D. in that 28.There's a feeling in me ________ we'll never know what a UFO is—not ever. (2002 上海卷) A. that B. which C. of which D. what 29.——Where did you get to know her? ——It was on the farm ________ we worked. (2007 山东卷) A. that B. there C. which D. where 30.It was for this reason ________ her uncle moved out of New York and settled down in a small village. (2001 上海春季卷) A. which B. why C. that D. how 31. If a shop has chairs ________ women can park their men, women will spend more time in the shop. (2005 上海卷) A. that B. which C. when D. where 32. It was along the Mississippi River ________ Mark Twain spent much of his childhood. A. how B. which C. that D. where 33.. Hangzhou is the most beautiful city in our country, ________ there is the West Lake compared to a beauty. A. where B. that C. which D. on which 34.. It is a fact ________ he has made some progress. A. which B. / C. that D. all the above 35.The famous scientist grew up ____ he was born and in 1930 he came to Shanghai. (2002 年春 季高考上海) A.when B. Whenever C. where D. wherever 36. She found her calculator ____ she lost it. (2000 年上海) A. where B. when C. in which D. that 37. The little girl who got lost decided to remain ___she was and wait for her mother. A. where B. what C. how D. Who


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