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完整不定代词的用法讲解及练习题


不定代词的用法 1. some,any (1) some 多用于肯定句,修饰复数可数名词和不可数名词,作“一些”解。它还可修饰单数可数名词,作“某一”解。 如: H-5 avian influenza first broke out in some Asian countries. H-5 型禽流感首先在亚洲爆发。 Some people are early risers. 有些

人起得很早。 (2) any 通常用于否定句、疑问句或条件句,修饰单数或复数可数名词以及不可数名词。 If there are any new magazines in the library, take some for me. 图书馆如果来了新杂志,替我借几本。 Are there any stamps in the drawer? 抽屉里有邮票吗? Is there any money with you? 你身上带钱了吗? (3) any 还可以用于肯定句,作“任何的”解。 You can come here any time. 你什么时候来都行。 You can get it at any shop. 你可以在任何一家商店买到它。 2. either,both,all (1) either 表示“两者中的任何一个” 。 Either of the brothers is selfish. 两兄弟都非常自私。 Either will do. 两个都行。 (2) both“两个都” ,修饰可数名词,统指两者。 Tom and Jack both made some progress. 汤姆和杰克两个都有所进步。 Both of them should make concessions. 他们双方都应做出让步。 (3) all“全部,所有的” ,修饰可数名词和不可数名词,指两个以上的人或物。 All the students contributed to the fund. 所有的学生都为基金会捐了款。 All of the money has been spent. 钱都花完了。 We are all for you. 我们都支持你。 Say all you know and say it without reserve. 知无不言,言无不尽。 3. no,neither,none (1) no“不” ,可修饰单数和复数可数名词以及不可数名词。 Time and tide wait for no man. 时不我待。 There are no clouds in the sky. 天上没有云。 I have no money for such things. 我没钱买这些东西。 (2) neither“两者中哪个都不” ,其所指范围是两个人或物。 Neither answer is correct. 两个答案都不对。 Neither of the two countries is satisfied with the result of the talk. 两个国家都不满意会谈的结果。 (3) none“没有一个人或东西” ,它既可指可数名词(其所指范围是两个以上的人或物) ,又可指不可数名词。 All of the trees were cut down, and none was were. left. 所有的树都被砍了,一棵也不剩。 None of the students failed the examination. 没有一个学生考试不及格。 None of this money is his. 这笔钱没有一点儿是他的。 4. few, a few,little, a little (1) few 的意思是“没有几个” a few 的意思是“少数” “几个” 修饰可数名词; a few 表示肯定意义, few ; , ; 表示否定意义。 The problem is so difficult that few people can solve it.
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这个问题太难了,几乎没人能做出来。 Only a few people can solve this problem. 只有几个人能解决这个问题。 Few of them want to go. 他们中几乎没有人想去。 A few of them want to go. 他们中有几个人想去。 (2) little“没有多少” little“少量” ,a ,修饰不可数名词;a little 表示肯定意义,little 表示否定意义。如: There is little rainfall this spring. 今年春季雨水很少。 Although it did not rain for the whole month, there is a little water in the pond. 虽然整整一个月没下雨了,但池塘里还有一点水。 5. many, much, most (1) many 用于修饰可数名词。 Many of the problems have been solved. 大部分问题已经解决了。 Many think that the situation will change soon. 很多人认为局势会很快改变。 (2) much 用于修饰不可数名词。 Much of the money has been spent. 这笔钱的大部分已经被花掉了。 They have finished much of the work. 他们已经完成了大部分的工作。 6. another,other,the other,others,the others (1) another 指同类中多个东西中的“另一个” (即 one more) 。 This watch doesn't work, I must get another one. 这块表坏了,我该另买一块了。 He went back to work too soon,and was laid up for another three months. 他回去上班过早,结果又病倒三个月。 但要注意: other 与物主限定词连用也可指余下的另一个或全部。如: Use your other hand. 用你的另一只手。 Mary is older than me but my other sisters are younger. 玛丽比我大,其余的都是我妹妹。 (2) other 单独使用时指其他的、另外的人或物。 There must be some other reason for him refusing to help. 他不予帮助一定另有原因。 I saw Tom with some other fellow students. 我看见汤姆和其他一些同学在一起。 (3) the otherone/ones.指同类中余下的另一个或另一些。 I'll have to use our duplicate key. I lost the other one. 我不得不用我们的备用钥匙了,我把那一把丢了。 Where are the other students? 其他学生去哪儿了? One of the murderers was caught, but the other is still at large. 一个凶手被抓住了,另一个却依然逍遥法外。 (4) others 是 other 的复数形式,指其他的、另外的人或物。 We should not think only of our children, there are others to be cared for also. 我们不应该只想到自己的孩子,还有别的孩子也需要照顾。 Others may object to this plan. 别人可能会反对这个计划。 (5) the others 表示同类中余下的全部。 The search party was divided into two groups. Some went to the right, the others went to the left. 搜寻小组一分为二,一部分人向右,另一部分向左。 Jenny is cleverer than any of. the others in her class. 珍妮比班上的其他(任何)人都聪明。 7. 复合不定代词 someone somebody, something, anyoneanybody, anything, no onenobody, nothing, everyone everybody, everything
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(1) someone, somebody 某人和 something 某物 Someone is asking to see you. 有人要见你。 Someone suggests putting off the meeting. 有人建议推迟会议。 There's something wrong with the machine. 机器出了毛病。 Something strange happened last night. 昨晚发生了件奇怪的事。 (2) anyone, anybody 任何人和 anything 任何事情 Anybody can do this work. It's very simple. 这事太简单了,人人都能做。 Did you meet anyone on your way home? 你回家的路上碰到什么人了吗? He faltered:"Is anything wrong?" 他支支唔唔地说: “有什么错吗?” He did not say anything after that. 这以后他再也没说什么。 (3) no one, nobody 没有人.和 nothing(没有东西) 。 I'm not somebody. I'm nobody. 我不是重要人物,我是个无名小卒。 No one wants to do that. 没人愿做那种事。 Nobody is absent. 没有人缺席。 That's nothing. 那没有什么。 He said he knew nothing about it. 他说他对那事一无所知。 (4) everyone, everybody(每个人)和 everything(每样东西,一切事物) 。 She said good-bye to everyone. 她和每个人告别。 Everybody's business is nobody's business. 事关大家无人管。 Everything is ready for the experiment. 实验的一切都准备好了。 This news means everything to us. 这个消息对我们至关重要。 复合不定代词用法大盘点 复合不定代词是由 some-,any-,no-,every-加上-one,-body,-thing 等所组成的不定代词。复合不定代词包括 something, somebody, someone, anything, anybody, anyone, nothing, nobody, no one, everything, everybody, everyone 等十二个。这些复合代词具有名词性质,在句中可用作主语、宾语或表语,但不能用作定语。使用时注意以 下几点: 一、复合不定代词的指代对象

1、含-body 和-one 的复合代词只用来指人,含-body 的复合不定代词与含-one 的复合不定代词在功能和意义上完
全相同,可以互换。只是用-body 时显得较通俗些,多用于口语中,用-one 时显得较文雅些,更常见于正式场合及书 面语中。如: Someone/Somebody is crying in the next room.有人在隔壁房间哭。 No one/Nobody is stupid. 没有谁是愚蠢的。

2、含-thing 的复合不定代词只用来指事物。如:
Are you going to buy anything?你会去买东西吗? I can hear nothing but your vioce. 我只听到了你的声音。 二、复合不定代词的属格

1、含-one 和-body 等指人的复合代词可有-’s 属格形式。如:
Everybody’s business is nobody’s business.大家的事情没人管。 Is this anybody’s seat? 这儿有人坐吗?

2、含-one 和-body 等指人的复合代词后跟 else 时,-’s 属格应加在 else 之后。如:
Can you remember someone else’s name? 你还记得其他人的姓名吗?

3、含-thing 等指事物的复合不定代词没有-‘s 属格形式。
三、复合不定代词的数

1、复合不定代词都具有单数的含义,因此通常被看成是单数第三人称。当它们充当句子的主语时,其后的谓语动
词用单数形式。如: Is everyone here today? 今天,大家都到齐了吗?
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Nothing is difficult if you put your heart into it. 世上无难事,只怕有心人。

2、当要对一群人讲话时,可使用以复合不定代词作主语的祈使句,句中的动词用原形。如:
Nobody move!= Don’ anybody move! 都别动! Everyone lie down! 统统趴下! 四、复合不定代词的替代问题 由于复合不定代词都具有单数的含义,所以在正规的英语中用来替代它们的代词也应该是单数形式。

1、含-one 和-body 等指人的复合代词,其代词应该是 he/she, him/her,其-‘s 属格形式的代词应该是 his/her,
his/hers。如: Everyone has his/her own words. 每个人都有他(她)自己的说辞。 但是,这样一来就会因为性别的差异而使得在代词的运用上具有不确定性,所以为了避免这种别扭的情况,我们 一般都是用 they/them/their/theirs,尤其是在口语中以及非正式场合下。如: No one gave you a ticket, did they? 没人给你票,是吗? Someone came in, but I didn’t know who they were. 有人进来了,但我不知道是谁。

2、含-thing 等指事物的复合不定代词,不会因性别上的差异而使得在代词的运用上产生不确定性,因此我们就使
用 it。如: Something goes wrong, doesn’t it?出问题了,是吗? 五、复合不定代词的定语 复合不定代词的定语必须后置,即放在复合不定代词的后面。如: Can you tell something interesting? 你能讲些有趣的事情吗? Is there anybody important here? 这儿有大人物吗? Would you like something to eat? 要来些吃的东西吗? 六、含 some-和 any-的复合不定代词间的用法区别 由 some-和 any-所构成的复合不定代词(即 something 和 anything;someone 和 anyone;somebody 和 anybody) 之间的区别跟 some 和 any 的区别一样。

1、something,someone,somebody 通常用于肯定句中,而 anything,anyone,anybody 一般用于否定句,疑问句
或条件状语从句中。如: He found something strange but interesting.他发现了一些奇怪但却有趣的事情。 Do you have anything to say ?你有话要说吗? I can’t meet anybody on the island. 在岛上,我没遇见任何人。

2、在表示请求、邀请、提建议等带有委婉语气的疑问句,和希望得到对方肯定答复的疑问句,以及表示反问的问
句中,也用 something,someone,somebody 等复合不定代词。如: Would you like something to eat?要些吃的东西吗? Isn’t there something wrong with you? 难道你没问题吗?

3、当 anything 表示“任何事(物) ,无论何事(物)”,anyone,anybody 表示“无论谁,任何人”等意义时,
它们也可以用于肯定句中。如: Anything is OK. 什么都行。 Anybody knows the answer.任何人都知道答案。 七、复合不定代词的否定

1、“not every-”表示的是部分否定,意为“并非都,不都” 。例如:
Not everything will go well. 并非一切都会那么顺利。 The teacher didn’t call everyone’s name. 老师并没有点所有人的名。

2、“not any-”和 no-均表示全否定。例如:
He listened, but heard nothing.他听了听,但什么也没听到。 = He listened, but didn’t hear anything. You haven’t called anyone/anybody up, have you? 你没给谁打过电话,是吗? = You have called no one/nobody up, have you? 八、复合不定代词作名词
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复合不定代词可以充当名词用,表示“??的事情(东西或人)”。

1、someone/somebody, anyone/anybody 的意义是“重要人物,大人物”,everyone/everybody 意为“最重要的
人”,no one/nobody 则意指“无关紧要的人,小人物”。例如:

2、something,anything 的意义是“重要事情(东西)”,everything 表示“最重要的事情(东西)”,nothing
则指“毫无趣味的事情,无关紧要的东西”。 九、合与分的区别问题

1、 someone,anyone,everyone 都只能指人,且不和介词 of 连用;some one,any one,every one 则既可指人
又可指物,可与介词 of 连用。例如: Anyone should be polite to every one of them.任何人都要礼貌对待他们中的每一个人。 ---Which toy would you like? ---Any one is OK. ---你要那个玩具?---随便。

2、no one(=nobody)“没有人”,只用来指人,通常不和介词 of 连用;none“没有一个”,既可以用来指人也
可用来指物。例如: No one can do it better. 没有人能做得更好。 None of these questions is easy, and none of us can even answer any one of them.这些问题没有一个是 容易的,我们中没有一个人能答出其中的一题。 回答 who 引导的特殊疑问句时用 no one;回答 how many 引导的特殊疑问句时用 none。例如: ---Who was late ? ---No one. ---谁迟到了?---谁也没有迟到。 ---How many pigs do you keep? ---None. ---你养几头猪?---一头也没养。

不定代词专项练习 1.He can't hear you, because there is ____ noise here A.very much B.too much C.much too D.so many 2.____ name is Han Meimai. A.Herself B.Hers C.She D.Her 3.All of us were invited, but ____ of us came A.neither B.none C.both 4.The weather in Shanghai is different from ____ A.Baotou B.Baotou weather C.that in Baotou D.those of Baotou

5.There isn't ____ water in the cup. A.any B.many C.some 6.----Is this ____ pen? ----No, ____ is on my desk. A.your; my B.yours; my C.your; mine D.yours; mine 7.The bottle is empty. There is ____ in it. A.anything B.something C.nothing 8.----Look! We have ____ sugar. ----Really? Let's go and buy some. A.few B.a few C.little D.a little 9.There isn't ____ milk in the fridge. You'd better buy some. A.no B.any C.some D.the

10.----“There isn't ____ water here. Could you get ____ for me?”
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----“All ringht.” A.some; some B.any; any C.some; any D.any; some 11.Today, ____ trees are still being cut down somewhere in the world. A.much too B.too much C.many too D.too many

12.There are lots of English books here, and ____ of them is easy to understand. A.both B.all C.every D.each 13.Is the shirt on the bed ____ ? A.yours B.your C.you 14.Mr Green taught ____ English last year. A.our B.we C.us 15.These sweaters are too small for me. Please show me ____ one. A.other B.others C.the others D.another 16.Mary can't go with us. ____ has to look after ____ mother at home. A.She; his B.She; her C.He; her D.He; His

17.There isn't ____ paper in the box. Will you go and get ____ for me? A.any; some B.any; any C.some; some D.some; any 18.I often help ____ . A.he or she B.his and her C.him and her D.his and hers

19.There are some trees on ____ side of the street. A.both B.all C.either D.every 20. “Which of the two dictionaries do you like better?” like ____ , because they're not useful.” “I A.both B.either C.all D.neither 21.They were all very tired, but ____ of them would stop to take a rest. A.any B.some C.none D.neither

22.There were ____ people and noise in the park last Sunday. A.many; much B.much; much C.much; many D.many; many

23.____ of them has a dictionary and ____ one of them can look up words in the dictionary. A.Each; every B.Every; each C.Each; each D.Every; every

24.Please keep together. We want ____ of you to get lost. A.none B.some C.many D.any 25.There is ____ water here; but there are quite ____ empty glasses. A.little; a few B.few; little C.few; a few D.little; a little

26.The skirt is ____ . She made it ____ . A.hers; herself B.her; herself C.herself; hers D.herself; her

27. “Haven't you forgotten ____ ?” ____ ,oh, I forgot my bag.” “ A.anything; Excuse me B.something; Excuse me

C.something; Pardon D.everything; Pardon 28.Be quiet! I have ____ to tell you.
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A.important anything B.anything important C.important something D.something important

29.My father is very busy with his work. He has ____ time to do the housework. A.little B.few C.a little D.a few 30.---- ____ of the boys in Class Four are playing games. ----____. A.All B.Each C.The both D.None

31.The boy promised ____ mother never to lie to ____ again. A.his; him B.her; her C.her; him D.his; her

32. “Would you like some milk in your tea?” “Yes, just ____ .” A.much B.a little C.a few D.little 33.____ school is much larger than ____ . A.Their; our B.Their; ours C.Theirs; ours D.Theirs; our

34.Put it down, Richard. You mustn't read ____ letter. A.anyone's else's B.anyone's else C.anyone else's D.anyone else

35.He found ____ very interesting to ride a horse. A.this B.that C.it D.which

36.Han Meimei, what about ____ to eat? A.everything B.something C.nothing D.anything 37.____ office is much smaller than ____ . A.Ours; yours B.Our; yours C.Theirs; our D.Your; their

38. “Help ____ to some meat, Mary,”my aunt said to me. A.themselves B.ourselves C.yourself D.himself 39.There are twenty teachers in this grade.Eight of them are women teachers and ____ are men teachers. A.the other B.the others C.othersD.other 40.Though they had cleaned the floor, there was still ____ water on it. A.little B.a little C.few D.a few

不定代词专项练习参考答案 1.B.too much 只能修饰不可数名词, much too 修饰形容词或副词, very much 可修饰动词;many 只能修饰可数名 词,不能修饰不可数名词。 2.D.her 作物主代词,意为“她的” ,注意 her 还可作 she 的宾格。 3.B.句意: “我们都接到邀请,但我们谁没来。 ”none 是 all 的反义词,表示“ (三者以上的)没有一个(人或物)” 。 4.C.that 作为代词。代替主语 weather. A 项错误在于 Baotou 与前面的主语 weather 不相对应,无法比较。代词 that 既可代替不可数名词,也可代替单数可数名词。 5.A.any 用于疑问句和否定句,some 用于肯定句。 6.C.your 是形容词性物主代词,只能作定语修饰名词; mine 是名词性物主代词,可作主语、表语和宾语,但不能 作定语。 7.C.空白处填 nothing 是与前一句的 empty 相呼应、吻合的。
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8.C.从后一句“去买些糖”可知“糖不多了” 。little 的意思是“少” ,有否定含义,只能修饰不可数名词, a little 是“一点” ,有肯定含义。few 和 a few 是修饰或代替可数名词,前者否定,后者肯定。 9.B.肯定句中用 some,疑问句和否定句中用 any。 10.D.前一句是否定句,故用 any ;后一句是说话者恳请别人做某事,希望对方同意,并认为对方能同意,故用 some。 11.D.too much 只能修饰不可数名词,too many 只修饰可数名词;A 项只修饰形容词或副词;C 项本身就是错误的。 12.D.every 和 each 都作“每一个”讲,但 every 只能作定语;each 既可作定语,还可作主语、宾语、同位语等成 分。both 和 all 作主语(代替可数名词) ,谓语动词应用复数。 13.A 14.C.代词作宾语应用标本宾格,us 是 we 的宾格。

15.D.other 意为“别的、其它的” ,可修饰单数名词,也可修饰复数名词。others 表示“别人”或“别的事物” ,是 泛指的复数概念。the other 是特指的“其余的(人或物)。another 是泛指的“另一个(人或物)” ” 。 在句中作主语,故用主格,her 作物主代词。 18.C.代词作宾语应用宾格。 17.A. 16.B.She

19.C.此处的 either 可换用 each; both 后修饰复数名词。

20.D.后一个分句说“没有用” ,当然是“两个都不喜欢。 ” 21.C.前一句说“她们都累了” ,后一句说“他们都不愿停下来休息” ,故填 none. 22.A. “人多(many) ”故然“噪音大(much)。 ” 23.A.each 可作主语,而 every 不能,故第一空填 each。every 和 each 都不可作定语,但 every 强调全体,而 each 强调“个体” ,故第二空填 every。24.A.前一句说“让大家靠近些” 。后一句是说希望大家谁也不要掉队,故用 none。 25.A.前一空填 little,表示“水很少” .第二空填 a few,修饰可数名词 glasses,注意 quite a few 的意思是“好 几个” 。26.A.注意第二句中的 herself 意为“亲自” 。 27.A.乙方说“Excuse me” ,是表示他正在查点他的东西。 28.D.形容词修饰 something、anything 之类的复合不定代词应后置。 29.A. “我的父亲”忙于工作,故几乎没有时间做家务,故用 little. 30.A.填 all,表示“所有的男孩”都在做游戏。B 项的 each 作主语,are 应改为 is。C 项本身就是错的,the 不能 放在 both 前。因为此句没有表示否定含义(即选 none 的条件) ,故不能选之。 31.D.句意: “那个男孩向他妈妈许诺再也不对她撒谎了。 ”promise sb. (never) to do sth.向某人许诺(永远不) 做某事了。 lie to sb.对某人撒谎。32.B.just a little 只来一点;just a few 只有几个. 33.B.

34. 此题考查 else 的所有格形式, C. else 修饰复合不定代词需后置, 其所有格形式是在 else 后加’ 因此在 anyone s, 后加’ 是没有道理的。 C. 做形式宾语, s 35. it 代替在句尾作真正宾语的不定式短语 to ride a horse, very interesting 是形容词短语作宾语补足语。注意此句型结构: “find+it+名词/形容词/分词+to do sth. ”36.B.用 something 表示邀请。如用 anything 则非邀请,而是单纯的询问。37.B.38.C.yourself 与后面的 me 相对应。39.B,除了 八位女教师之外的“余者(the others) ”是男教师 40.B.地板上还“有点儿(a little)水” 。

8


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