江苏省重点中学 2012 届高三练习试题高三英语周练
第一卷（共两部分，共 85 分）
第一部分：听力（满分 20 分） 第一节 （共 5 小题；每小题 1 分，满分 5 分） 听下面 5 段对话。每段对话后有一个小题，从题中所给的 A、B、C 三个选项中选出最佳 选项，并标在试卷的相应位置。听完每段对话
后，你都有 10 秒钟的时间来回答有关小题和 阅读下一小题。每段对话仅读一遍。 1. What does the woman mean? A. Things here are very cheap. B. Things here are not cheap. C. She doesn’t know whether things here are cheap or not. 2. Where does the conversation most probably take place? A. In a restaurant. B. At the woman’s. C. At the man’s. 3. When will the woman look at the report? A. Now. B. Tomorrow. C. This afternoon. 4. What does the woman mean? A. Mr. Brown is not at home. B. She can repair it herself. C. It’s not necessary to repair it. 5. What is the woman going to do after work? A. Visit her daughter. B. See her doctor. C. Go to the bookstore. 第二节 （共 15 小题；每题 1 分，满分 15 分） 听下面 5 段对话。每段对话后有几个小题，从题中所给的 A，B，C 三个选项中选出最佳 选项，并标在试卷的相应位置。听每段对话前，你将有时间阅读各个小题，每小题 5 秒钟； 听完后，每小题将给出 5 秒钟的作答时间。每段对话读两遍。 听下面一段对话，回答第 6 至第 8 题。 6. Why does the man ask the woman to be quick? A. It’s time for class. B. A speech will be on. 7. Why doesn’t Linda like to go to the speech? A. It’s boring. B. It’s useless. 8. Who will go to the speech at last? A. The man himself. B. Linda. 听下面一段对话，回答第 9 至第 11 题。 C. An exam has begun. C. She isn’t interested in it. C. Linda and the man.
9. What will the man be if he passes the interview? A. A boss. B. A senior engineer. C. An assistant engineer. 10. What does the man think a good boss should be? A. A good boss should treat male and female employees equally. B. A good boss should be an excellent team player. C. A good boss should be of great courage. 11. How does the man think about the boss? A. Nothing special. B. She is working hard. C. She is a great boss. 听下面一段对话，回答第 12 至第 14 题。 12. What is the man looking for? A. A roommate. B. A friend. C. An apartment.
13. Why can’t the man speaker stand the man living upstairs? A. Because he often comes back late. B. Because he plays music all night. C. Because he always wakes him up early in the morning. 14. Whom will the man probably live with? A. Jenny’s brother. B. A stranger. C. Jenny. 听下面一段对话，回答第 15 至第 17 题。 15. What’s the probable relationship between the speakers? A. Only friends. B. Colleagues. 16. What does the woman think of the environment in Qingdao? A. It’s beautiful on the whole. B. It’s too hot. 17. What’s the bad thing in Qingdao according to the woman? A. The traffic problem. B. The serious pollution. 听下面一段对话，回答第 18 至第 20 题。 C. Business cooperators. C. It’s cold and wet. C. The strong sunshine.
18. How often do people in the Historical Society meet? A. Every week. B. Every other week. C. Every three weeks. 19. What is the main purpose of the Historical Society? A. To find out what they can learn from history. B. To study the people in history. C. To learn about what happened in the past. 20. Which one is the Historical Society’s phone number? A. 6806798. B. 6808790 C. 6808796 第二部分：英语知识运用（共两节, 满分 35 分） 第一节：单项填空（共 15 小题，每小题 1 分，满分 15 分） 21. This book tells ____ life story of John Smith, who left ____ school and worked for a 16. A. the；/ B. a；the C. the；the D. a；/ newspaper at the age of
22. At the conference, people of different _______ were given a chance to exchange theirs with each other. A. points B. manners C. views D. ways 23. --- What do you think of this novel? --- Er … sorry. I _____. What did you say? A. didn’t listen B. hadn’t listened C. haven’t listened D. wasn’t listening 24. People take naps at noon in warmer climates, ____ the heat makes work difficult in the early afternoon. A. which B. what C. where D. when 25. About ____ gene-targeting drugs are already in testing pipeline. It won’t be long ____ they are put into effect. A. two dozen; before B. two dozens; that C. two dozens of; before D. dozens; that 26. _____ it is _____ you obtain, you should share _____ your parents your feelings. A. What; /; to B. Whichever; that; with C. Whatever; that; with D. Which; /; to 27. Many a man and many a woman _____ that he or she had better education． A. wish B. has wished C. do wishes D. have wished 28. It was foolish of him to ____his notes during such an important test, and as a result, he got punished. A. point to B. keep to C. stick to D. refer to
29. ---I was trying to carry out the plan, but I failed. ---Well, you _____, for we were uncertain it would do ____. A. needn’t do that, in fact B. needn’t have done, in effect C. needn’t have, in practice D. needn’t, in time 30. Sometimes the boy is a bad-tempered child, but he ____ be quite lovely when he wishes． A. may B. can C. shall D. must 31. —Can you describe _____ it happened? —Yes, I was riding on my bike _____ a car knocked me down from behind. A. when; as B. how; as C. how; when D. how; while 32. --- Do you mean to play the hero in the film? --- _____. But it should be a character I like. A. Not surprisingly B. Not necessarily C. Not importantly D. Not absolutely 33. It is nice to see millions who had nothing but a record of misery and hungry ______ to improve their life and living conditions． A. having the chances B. have the chance C. to have the chance D. had the chance 34. When you go by train, please see to it_______ you take an express, _______ that stops only at big stations. A. that, one B. /, the one C. that, it D. /, it 35. After the Arab States won independence, great emphasis was laid on expanding education, with girls as well as boys _____ to go to school. A. encouraging B. being encouraged C. be encouraged D. to be encouraged 第二节 完型填空（共 20 小题；每小题 1 分，满分 20 分） A great deal of attention is being paid today to the so-called digital divide—the division of the world into the info(information) rich and the info poor. And that 36 does exist today. My wife and I lectured about this looming（隐现 的）danger twenty years ago. What was less 37 then, however, were the new, positive 38 that work against the digital divide. 39 , there are reasons to be 40 . There are technological reasons to hope the digital divide will narrow. As the Internet becomes more and more 41 , it is in the interest of business to universalize access—after all, the more people online, the more potential 42 there are. More and more 43 , afraid their countries will be left 44 , want to spread Internet access. Within the next decade or two, one to two billion people on the planet will be 45 together. As a result, I now believe the digital divide will 46 rather than widen in the years ahead. And that is very good news because the Internet may well be the most powerful tool for 47 against world poverty that we've ever had. Of course, the use of the Internet isn't the only way to 48 poverty. And the Internet is not the only tool we have. But it has 49 potential. To 50 advantage of this tool, some poor countries will have to get over their outdated anti-colonial prejudices 51 regard to foreign investment. Countries that still think foreign investment is a/an 52 of their sovereignty 主权） （ might well study the history of 53 in the United States. When the United States built its industrial infrastructure, it didn't have the capital to do so. And that is 54 America's Second Wave infrastructure— 55 roads, harbors, highways, ports and so on—were built with foreign investment. 36. A. divide 37. A. vague 38. A. forces 39. A. Seriously 40. A. negative 41. A. developed B. information B. visible B. obstacles B. Entirely B. optimistic B. centralized C. world D. lecture C. invisible D. indistinct C. events D. surprises C. Actually D. Continuously C. pleasant D. disappointed C. realized D. commercialized
42. A. users B. producers C. customers D. citizens 43. A. enterprises B. governments C. officials D. customers 44. A. away B. for C. aside D. behind 45. A. netted B. worked C. put D. organized 46. A. decrease B. narrow C. neglect D. low 47. A. containing B. preventing C. keeping D. struggling 48. A. win B. solve C. defeat D. fear 49. A. enormous B. countless C. numerous D. big 50. A. bring B. keep C. hold D. take 51. A. at B. with C. of D. for 52. A. offence B. investment C. invasion D. insult 53. A. construction B. facility C. infrastructure D. institution 54. A. why B. where C. when D. how 55. A. concerning B. concluding C. according D. including 第三部分：阅读理解（共 15 小题，每题 2 分，满分 30 分） A It is difficult to imagine what life would be like without memory. The meanings of thousands of everyday perceptions, the basis for the decisions we make, and the roots of our habits and skills are to be found in our past experiences, which are brought into the present by memory. Memory can be defined as the capacity to keep information available for later use. It not only includes "remembering" things like arithmetic or historical facts, but also involves any change in the way an animal typically behaves. Memory is involved when a rat gives up eating grain because he has sniffed (嗅出)something suspicious in the grain pile. Memory exists not only in humans and animals but also in some physical objects and machines. Computers, for example, contain devices for storing data for later use. It is interesting to compare the memory storage capacity of a computer with that of a human being. The instant access memory of a large computer may hold up to 100,000 "words"—string of alphabetic or numerical characters—ready for instant use. An average U.S. teenager probably recognizes the meaning of about 100,000 words of English. However, this is but a fraction of the total amount of information that the teenager has stored. Consider, for example, the number of faces and places that the teenager can recognize on sight. The use of words is the basis of the advanced problem-solving intelligence of human beings. A large part of a person's memory is in terms of words and combinations of words. But while language greatly expands the number and the king of things a person can remember, it also requires a huge memory capacity. It may well be this capacity that distinguishes humans, setting them apart from other animals. 56. Which of the following is TRUE about memory? A. It helps us notice things happening around us every day. B. It is based on the decisions we made in the past. C. It is rooted in our past habits and skills. D. It connects our past experiences with the present. 57. According to the passage, memory is helpful in one's life in the following aspects EXCEPT that _____. A. it involves a change in one's behavior B. it keeps information for later use C. it warns people not to do things repeatedly D. it enables one to remember events that happened in the past 58. What is the author's view about computers and human beings in terms of intelligence?
A. Computers have better memory than a child does. B. Computers are as intelligent as a teenager is. C. Computers can understand as many as 100,000 words. D. Human beings are far superior to computers. 59. What is the major characteristic of man's memory capacity according to the author? A. It can be expanded by language. B. It can remember all the combined words. C. It may keep all the information in the past. D. It may change what has been stored in it. B What’s On Stage An acrobatic show: To celebrate its 50th anniversary, the China Acrobatic Troupe（剧团） present “The Soul of China”, will where the seemingly impossible is made real. Chills will run down your spine（脊柱）as you watch breathlessly as performers take their art and their bodies to the edge. Time: 7:30 p.m., September 13-19 Place: Capital Theatre, 22 Wangfujing Dajie, Dongcheng District Exhibitions Joint Show: A group ink painting exhibition is running at the Huangshicheng Art Gallery in Beijing. About 50 works by 25 young artists including Ge Yun and Yu Yang are on display. Time: 9:00 a. m.—5:00 p.m. until September 10 Place: Huangshicheng Art Gallery, 136 Nanchizi Dajie, Dongcheng District Oil paintings: The Wanfung Art Gallery will host a joint show of oil painting by 10 young and middle-aged artists. On display are more than 30 of their latest works, which capture the wondrous variety of life in unique styles. Time: 9:00 a.m.—4:00 p.m. until September 15 Place: 136 Nanchizi Street, Dongcheng District Literature museum: The National Museum of Modern Chinese Literature offers an in-depth study of the evolution of Chinese contemporary literature from 1919 to 1949. Time: 9:00 a.m.—4:00 p.m., daily Place: 45 Anyuan Donglu, Chaoyang District(Shaoyaoju area) Concerts Beijing rocks: “The Fashion Night of Chinese Rock” is set to bring rock fans out by the thousands next month. Nine Chinese rock bands will perform at the concert, including older generation bands, middle generation and some recent arrivals. The audience will be given a chance to decide what songs they want to hear, which is sure to bring a storm. Time: September 16 Place: The Olympic Center Belgium Orchestra：La Petite Bande, the Baroque Orehestra of Belgium, will perform in Beijing at the Grand Theatre of the ： Cultural Palace of Nationalities as part of activities across the world in memory of the 250th anniversary of Bach’s death. Time: 7:30 p.m. September 11—14 Place: Grand Theatre of the Cultural Palace of Nationalities 60. What do you think of the acrobatic show mentioned here? A. When you watch it, you will certainly feel cold. B. Something strange will puzzle everyone, including scientists. C. Unexpected things will make you excited and surprised. D. Even the bravest ones will be too frightened to go on watching 61. The most characteristic thing about the Fashion Night of Chinese Rock is that . A. it will let the audience choose the performers and the music
B. it is to bring thousands of rock fans out of their homes C. it will certainly cause a rock storm throughout China D. it is to be held in memory of one of the greatest musicians 62. Suppose it is September 14 today, how many activities can people choose to attend? A. 2. B. 3. C. 4. D. 5. 63. On the whole, we can conclude . A. people in Beijing prefer modern culture to something traditional B. there are usually more cultural activities in September than in any other month C. most of the cultural activities in Beijing are for foreign visitors only D. we can enjoy a large variety of cultural activities in Beijing C Levi Strauss, who was born in 1830 and went to the USA at the age of 17, sat in the saloon and drank his beer slowly. He began to think. Business was not good. Nobody wanted to buy anything. He thought about the canvas and the pots and pans on the wagon. Then he remembered the hole in Hank’s trousers. Suddenly, he had an idea---“pants”, he jumped up and shouted, “Everyone needs pants.” He hurried to a tailor and gave him all his canvas. “I want you to make pants with this canvas,” he said. “Can you do that?” “Yes, of course,” said the tailor, “What name is it? ” “Strauss, Levi Strauss.” It was the beginning of jeans. Now more than a hundred years later, people wear jeans all over the world and everyone knows the name of Levi Strauss. In the 1860s, farmers, rail-road workers, cowboys and miners helped to develop the new land. Life was hard. They worked for long hours in all kinds of weather. They wore trousers made by Levi Strauss. They were the first people to wear jeans in America. Jeans first came to Europe with the American soldiers during World War II. Soon, workers in Europe were wearing them. Workers liked them: they were cheap, hardwearing and practical. They were not popular with young people generally until the late 1950s and early 1960s. It came suddenly. It started in America and it crossed the Atlantic quickly. It was a new kind of music, a new kind of dance. Rock’ n Roll. The king of Rock’ n Roll was Elvis Presley. Teenagers loved him. At home he wore a T shirt, an old leather jacket and blue jeans, so more and more teenagers began to wear jeans. They liked them tight. 64. All the following statements are True except _____. A. Jeans could first be seen in Europe during World War II B. Jeans were not popular with all the American people until the late 1950s and early 1960s C. Many people show interest in jeans D. Farmers, railroad workers, cowboys and miners were the first people to wear jeans in America 65. Which of the following is the right order in jeans’ spreading? a. More and more teenagers began to wear jeans. b. More than a hundred years later people wear jeans all over the world. c. Farmers, railroad workers, cowboys and miners started to wear jeans. d. Soon, workers in Europe were wearing jeans. e. Not until the late 1950s and early 1960s were jeans popular with young people. f. Levi Strauss had jeans made at 17. A. f,c,d,b,e,a B. c,d,f,e,a,b C. a,c,d,e,b,f D. f,c,d,e,a,b 66. Jeans became popular among the teenagers because _____. A. they were cheap, hardwearing and practical B. they liked them tight C. their idol liked wearing them
D. they just came out like a new kind of music, a new kind of dance． B. The Best Trousers—Jeans D. Reasons for Jeans’ Spreading D One of the most interesting paradoxes in America today is that Harvard University, the oldest institution of higher learning in the United States, is now engaged in a serious debate about what a university should be, and whether it is measuring up. Like the Roman Catholic Church and other ancient institutions, it is asking—still in private rather than in public— whether its past assumptions about faculty, authority, admissions, courses of study, are really relevant to the problems of the new era. Should Harvard or any other university be an intellectual sanctuary（圣地）, apart from the political and social revolution of the age, or should it be a laboratory for experiment with these political and social revolutions; or even an engine of the revolution? This is what is being discussed privately in the big clapboard houses of faculty members around the Harvard Yard. The issue was defined by Waiter Lippmann, a distinguished Harvard graduate, several years ago. “If the universities are to do their work,” he said, “they must be independent and they must be fair… They are places to which men can turn for judgments which are unbiased by partisanship and special interest. Obviously, the moment the universities fall under political control, or under the control of private interests, or the moment they themselves take a hand in politics and the leadership of government, their value as independent and disinterested sources of judgment is impaired.” This is part of the argument that is going on at Harvard today. Another part is the argument of the militant and even many moderate students: that a university is the keeper of our ideals and morals, and should not be “fair” but activist in bringing the nation’s ideals and actions together. Harvard’s men of today seem more troubled and less sure about personal, political and academic purpose than they did at the beginning. They are not even clear about how they should debate and resolve their problems, but they are struggling with them privately, and how they come out is bound to influence American university and political life in the new era. 68. The issues in the debate on Harvard’s goals are whether the universities should remain independent of our society and its problems, and whether they should _____. A. fight militarism B. overcome the widespread drug dependency C. take an active part in solving society’s ills D. support our old and established institutions 69. The word “paradox” in paragraph 1 is _____. A. an inserted expression B. a difficult puzzle C. an abnormal condition D. a self-contradiction 70. In the author’s judgment, the debate going on at Harvard _____. A. is a sad symbol of our general confusion B. will soon be over, because times are bound to change C. is of interest mostly to Harvard men and their friends D. will influence future life in America 67. The best title for the passage can be _____. A. Levi Strauss, First Man to Invent Jeans C. How Jeans Comes Out And Spreads
第二卷（共 35 分） 第一节 任务型阅读 阅读下列短文并根据所读内容在文章后表格中的空格里填入最恰当的单词，每空格 1 词 （共 10 个小题；每小题 1 分，满分 10 分） There are a number of languages spoken throughout the world. Every person knows at least one language, which he learns in his childhood and is routinely used for speaking and writing. However, many people are fond of learning two or more languages, so they try to be bilingual, which means that they try to have the knowledge of two or more languages. And being bilingual can bring a person a number of benefits in various aspects. For example: A person can get cognitive benefits from it. The bilingual people have two or more words for each idea and object. Therefore, a bilingual person can develop a creative thinking. The bilinguals are aware of which language should be spoken with which person in a particular situation. So they are more sensitive to the needs of the listener than the people who only use one language: being bilingual also improves and enriches a person's mental development. Being bilingual has a positive effect on a person's character. The bilinguals are able to switch between different languages and talk to different people in various languages. It increases a sense of self-esteem. Being bilingual creates a powerful link in different people from different countries. A bilingual education offers better curriculum results. The bilinguals tend to show a higher performance in examinations and tests. The bilinguals find it quite easy to learn and speak three, four or more languages. Being bilingual offers potential employment benefits. It offers a wider choice of jobs in various fields. The bilinguals can get a great many career opportunities in transport, tourism, public relations, marketing and sales, banking, translation, law, teaching and so on. So it can be concluded from the above that we should try our best to learn and master two or more languages.
Title: Advantages of being 71.__________ 72.______ Having the knowledge of two or more languages. Cognition ● Make a person think 73.__________. ● Make a person more sensitive to the listener's 74.__________. ● Improve and enrich a person's mental development. ● Increase a person's sense of 76.__________. ●Create a powerful link in different people from different countries. ● Enable a person to 77.________ better in examinations and tests. ● Make a person easily learn and speak more languages.
75.______ Benefits Curriculum
● Offer a person more 79.________ in finding jobs.
We should try our best to learn and master two or more languages.
第二节 书面表达（满分 25 分） 假设你是红星中学高三（1）班的班长李华，你们全班同学在暑假期间开展了“体 验一天低碳生活”的活动。请你根据以下四幅图的先后顺序，写一篇英文短文，介绍同 学们这一天的体验活动，并谈谈自己的感受。短文的开头已为你写好。词数 150 左右。 提示词：disposable chopsticks 一次性筷子 lunch box 餐具盒
The students in our class took part in an activity of “Experience a Low-carbon Day” during the summer vacation．
21—25 ACDCA 36—40 ABACB 56—59 DCDA 26—30 CBDCB 41—45 DCBDA 31—35 CBBAB 51—55 BCCAD 46—50 BDCAD
60—63 CACD 64—67 BDCC 68—70 CDD 75. Character 76. 80. Conclusion
71. bilingual 72. Meaning\Concept\Definition 73. creatively 74. needs\demands self-esteem 77. perform\ do One possible version: 78. Employment \Career 79.Chances\Opportunities
The students in our class took part in an activity of “Experience a Low-carbon Day” during the summer vacation． the In
morning, we went to the park by bus instead of going by car．At noon, when we dined out in a restaurant, we refused to use the disposable chopsticks served there．Instead, we each took with us a lunch box in which there was a pair of chopsticks and a spoon．In the afternoon, we went shopping at a supermarket．To avoid the damage to the environment caused by the free plastic bags, we put what we had bought into cloth bags．It was hot at nigh but we didn’t turn on the air conditioners when doing our homework, instead, we used electric fans to cool ourselves down． Although the activity lasted only one day, we have learned a lot from it．We realize that we should take proper action for our earth from the small things around us. In this way, we’re sure to live in a better world.
第四部分 任务型阅读（共 10 小题；每小题 1 分，满分 10 分） 71. __________ 72. __________ 73. ___________ 74. __________ 75. __________ 76. __________ 77. __________ 78. ___________ 79. __________ 80. __________
第五部分 书面表达（满分 25 分） The senior high school entrance exam has long been the only way to select students for senior high schools. However, things seem to be changing.__________________________________ ____________________________________________________________________________ ____________________________________________________________________________ ____________________________________________________________________________ ____________________________________________________________________________ ____________________________________________________________________________
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