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江苏省2013版高中英语 素能提升演练(十一) Unit2 译林牛津版必修4

素能提升演练(十一) 必修 4
Ⅰ. 选词填空(注意运用适当的形式) delight, significance, tradition, origin, power, budget compete, absence, champion, routine,

Unit 2

1. Paper cutting has special _______ at festivals and on public holidays. 2. He occupied himself with _____ business for the remainder of the morning. 3. Maybe these young weightlifters will become world ______ someday in the near future. 4. I would be _______ to attend your wedding. 5. _______ economic logic supports the suburbs and car culture. 6. If you compare the translation with the _______, you will find the inaccuracy. 7. The government has _______ $2, 000, 000 for education spending. 8. Countries in the world differ in historical _______, cultural background, and social system and certainly in value system. 9. Are you sure Michael will win the art _______? 10. He acted as chairman while the secretary was ______. Ⅱ. 单项填空 1. _______at her success, celebrate. A.To delight C.Delighted B.To be delighted D.Delighting her parents took her to an expensive restaurant to

2. [2012 桂林模拟]The TV play series The Revolution of 1911, broadcast on CCTV 1 lately, is________ the 100th anniversary of The Revolution of 1911. A. in favour of C. in place of 3. —Sorry, B. in honour of D. in search of

I have to ______ now. It’s time for class.

—OK, I’ll call back later. A. hang up B. break up


C. give up 4. In order to build the dam, hometown. A.keep B.separate

D. hold up a lot of local people have to ______ from their



5. [2012 杭州模拟]When Tom got onto the stage, he was just frightened and there was a(n) ________ expression on his face. A. absent C. ridiculous B. elegant D. positive

6. [2012 石家庄模拟]It is reported that a bus went out of _____ control on a highway ______ south of the city last night. A. 不填; 不填 C. the; 不填 B. 不填; the D. the; the

7. [2012 厦门模拟]The natural park built recently is very important for protecting wild animals, which will _______ risk being hunted. A. otherwise C. though B. therefore D. thus

8. [2012 嘉兴模拟]—I came all the way to inform you of the time and place of the meeting. —You could have ______ yourself the trouble by calling me. A. shared B. spared C. cost D. removed

9. Many countries are increasing their use of natural gas, wind and other forms of ______. A. power C. energy B. force D. strength

10. [2012 启东模拟]—Sorry, but I don’t quite understand that phrase. —OK, I will make another sentence to ______ its meaning. A. bring about C. bring out B. bring up D. bring in

11. ______ hot the weather will be tomorrow, we must get the whole project ______. A. How; complete B. However; to complete

C. How;


D. However; completed

12. [2012 济南模拟]______ because he was busy that he refused to help you? A. Is this C. Was there B.Is there D. Was it

13. —Guess what! I’ve passed my oral English test and got an A. —Congratulations. You ______ have practiced a lot. A. must B. should C. would D. could

14. After being interviewed, the man nodded his head and rose, still ______his bag. A. hold B. held C. holding D. to hold

15. [2012 株洲模拟]_______, he went into the tea-house and seated himself at a small table by the window. A. Thirsty and tiredly C. Thirstily and tiredly Ⅲ. 完形填空 It Happened But I’m Here It was April 11, 2011 when my life was changed forever. It was about 6: 45 when I 1 the house with my mother and my twin brothers who were only about 12 months 2 . Arriving at the school my B. Thirsty and tired D. Thirstily and tired

at the time. We were on our way to a parent’s mom decided to the parking 3

across the street to look for a parking space on 4 need to know the time, so as she left I saw 5 the time 6 the

foot. I have this thing where I

that it was 7: 13. I sat in the car and messed with the radio. I

again it was 7: 15. I turned my head and looked out the passenger window door opened. I didn’t really think anything of it, 7

it was my mother even

though she had left two minutes ago. Then I smelt beer and cigarettes, so out of instinct I 8 my head to see this man in the car. I was in complete 9 . 10

So many terrible things went through my mind. I started to scream out the

but he began to put it up. I took off the jacket I had and put it over him and started 11 . I grabbed the nearest objects which were a pen that ironically my 12 13 had ,

left on the seat and some open CDs and continued hitting. He fought back but

I guess, realizing that I was one to


a fight. He ran out and left. During 15 us! ” He may have said

this battle I had yelled out “ I won’t let you

something I’m not sure, but I do know one of my brothers started crying when I 16 . At 7: 17 my mom showed up and from there it went to the police and the parent’s 17 in two weeks. On my wall hangs the newspaper article of

conference is a what 18

that day. I look at the sketch(素描) that was condemned at the police 19 to never let anything like that happen to me ever again.

station and

Although it’s been a while since I’ve told my story, I never seem to forget no matter how 1. A. left 2. A. conversation C. interview 3. A. fee 4. A. eventually C. relatively 5. A. shortened C. checked 6. A. when 7. A. judging C. deciding 8. A. shook 9. A. confusion C. disorder 10. A. window 11. A. arguing 12. A. passenger 13. A. gave up C. shut up 14. A. stand out C. turn down


I try. But I always think it happened, but I’m here. B. reached C. cleaned B. conference D. introduction B. deal C. lot B. deliberately D. constantly B. extended D. killed D. plate D. locked

B. before

C. unless B. figuring D. realizing

D. until

B. lowered

C. turned B. agreement D. shock

D. nodded

B. door B. hitting B. teacher

C. car C. crying C. mother B. hurried up D. spoke up B. put up D. get back

D. street D. fighting D. brother

15. A. ignore 16. A. dashed 17. A. matter 18. A. meant C. gave 19. A. fail C. swear 20. A. sudden C. lucky Ⅳ. 阅读理解

B. control B. cast B. incident

C. take C. stopped C. game B. happened D. experienced B. tend D. choose B. hard D. loud

D. hurt D. yelled D. race

[2012 南 通模拟] Best High School Band Plays Turner Field The North Cobb High School Band routinely takes the field every Friday night during football season. The band plays at North Cobb football games. This week, the band had to get ready a little earlier in the week. That’s because they played before the Atlanta Braves baseball game at Turner Field. North Cobb won wsbtv. com’s Best High School Band Tournament (锦标赛) last season. The prize for winning was a chance to play on the field at Turner Field before a Major League Baseball game. Tuesday night, the band collected the prize. “We were excited, ” North Cobb High School Band drum major Madison Hall said. “Growing up in Atlanta, the Braves have always been such a famous figure in Atlanta, so we were really excited to have the opportunity to perform in front of a lot of people and in front of our community. ” The tournament featured 64 high school bands from across Georgia. wsbtv. com users determined the top four bands through voting with the Atlanta Braves entertainment staff selecting the winner from the final four. They selected North Cobb.

“We have a number of great students at North Cobb, ” director Greg Williams said. “We’ve got the best parents in the world, ” he said. “The kids are so amazing, and they are really bright, talented, and they work hard. They do anything we ask

them to do and I really think there are a lot of keys to our success. ” Under the leadership of Williams and assistant band director Scott Pannell, the band made its way onto the outfield grass just as Atlanta Braves catcher Brian McCann was warming up. “It was amazing, ” said Pannell. “Just going out in the tunnel and going into the stadium. And just looking at the Braves players on the left and seeing them over by our kids, it’s just unbelievable. ” The Atlanta Braves have once again partnered with wsbtv. com to reward this year’s winner of the Best High School Band Tournament a chance to play at Turner Field. 1. What did the band do on Tuesday night? A. They performed at a football game. B. They won wsbtv. com’s tournament. C. They played before a baseball game. D. They got a sum of money as a reward. 2. The North Cobb High School Band turned out the best mainly due to ______. A. the support of the school B. the huge reward from wsbtv. com C. the hard work of its members D. the encouragement from McCann 3. We can infer from the passage that _____. A. the North Cobb High School Band is the pride of the Braves B. the competition between the school bands is very fierce C. the Atlanta Braves have been admired all over the USA D. only bright kids can be admitted to the North Cobb High School


答案解析 Ⅰ.1. significance 6. original 2. routine 3. champions 4. delighted 5. Powerful 10. absent

7. budgeted

8. tradition

9. competition

Ⅱ. 1. 【解析】 C。 选 句意: 高兴于她的成功, 父母带她去一家高级酒店庆祝。 (be)delighted at. . . 因??而感到高兴,此处用过去分词作原因状语。 2.【解析】选 B。考查短语辨析。句意为:最近在央视一台播出的电视连续剧《辛亥革命》 是为了纪念辛亥革命一百周年。in favour of 支持,赞成;in honour of 为了纪念??, 为向??表示敬意;in place of 代替;in search of 寻找,搜寻。根据句意可知答案选 B。 【变式备选】 Single women were allowed to take part in their own competition, at a separate festival _____ Hera, the wife of the Greek god Zeus. A. in terms of C. in honour of B. in control of D. in favour of

【解析】选 C。考查介词短语辨析。句意:未婚女性可以参加她们自己的竞技比赛,比赛在 一个专门纪念希腊神话中众神之王宙斯的妻子赫拉的节日举行。in honour of 为了向?? 致敬;纪念??,符合句意。in terms of 谈及, 在??方面; control of 控制; favour in in of 赞成,支持。均与题意不符。 3. 【解析】 A。 选 考查动词短语辨析。 根据第一个说话者说“该上课了”可知此处选 hang up, 意为“挂断电话”。break up 打碎, 解散, 结束,终止关系;give up 放弃;hold up 举起, 阻挡, 拦截, 均与题意不符。 【变式备选】 At the age of 33, Zhang Ning was much older than the other players. Yet, she _____ to win the gold medal in the final match. A. hung about C. hung down B. hung back D. hung on

【解析】选 D。考查动词短语辨析。句意:作为 33 岁的运动员,张宁比其他运动员年龄大 得多。但是,她坚持比赛并在决赛中拿到了金牌。hang about 闲逛;hang back 退缩,犹豫; hang down 垂下来;hang on 不泄气,坚持下去。根据句意可知答案选 D。

4.【解析】选 C。句意:为了建大坝,许多当地人不得不搬离家乡。remove 搬迁,符合题意。 keep 保持;separate 分离,隔离;replace 代替;均不符合题意。 5.【解析】选 A。考查形容词辨析。句意为:当汤姆登上舞台时,他有点儿害怕,脸上的表 情有些茫然。absent 茫然的,心不在焉的;elegant 优雅的;ridiculous 可笑的,荒谬的; positive 积极的,肯定的。根据句意可知答案选 A。 【变式备选】 So many directors _______, A. were absent C. had been absent the board meeting had to be put off. B. been absent D. being absent

【解析】选 D。句意:由于很多董事没到,董事会不得不延期。“名词+doing. . . ”构 成独立主格结构,表示原因。 【知识拓展】 小议独立主格结构 “独立主格结构”由名词或代词作逻辑主语,加上分词、形容词、副词、动词不定式或介词 短语作逻辑谓语。这种结构在形式上与主句没有关系,通常称为“独立主格结构”。独立主 格结构相当于一个状语从句或并列句,常用来表示时间、原因、条件、方式或伴随情况等。 例如: (1)表示时间 The meeting being over, all of us went home. 开完会后我们都回家了。(the meeting being over 相当于 when the meeting was over) Her work done, she sat down for a cup of tea. 她干完了活儿,坐下来喝茶。(her work done 相当于 when her work was done ) (2)表示条件 The condition being favorable, he may succeed. 若条件有利,他或许能成功。(The

condition being favorable 相当于 If the condition is favorable ) (3)表示原因 There being no taxis, we had to walk. 没有出租车,我们只好步行。(There being no taxis 相当于 Since there were no taxis) He wrapped her up with great care, the night being dark and frosty. 夜又黑又冷, 所以他把她裹得严严实实的。(the night being dark and frosty 相当于 as the night was

dark and frosty) (4)表示伴随情况 Almost all metals are good conductors, silver being the best of all. 几乎所有的 金属都是良好的导体,而银则是最好的导体。(=Almost all metals are good conductors, and silver is the best of all. ) (5)表示补充说明 We redoubled our efforts, 人的活。 注意:独立主格结构表示时间、条件或原因时,相当于一个状语从句,一般放在句首,表示 原因时还可放在句末;表伴随状况或补充说明时,相当于一个并列句,通常放于句末。 6.【解析】选 A。考查冠词。句意:据报道,昨晚有一辆公交车在城南的公路上失去了控制。 out of control 为固定搭配,意为“失去控制”;south of the city 相当于 to the south of the city,意为“在城市的南面”。故答案选 A。 7.【解析】选 A。考查副词辨析。句意:最近建的那个自然公园对于保护野生动物很重要, 不然这些动物就会有被猎杀的危险。otherwise 否则,不然,符合句意。therefore 因此, 所以;though 可是,然而;thus 因此,均不合题意。 8.【解析】选 B。考查动词辨析。句意:——我大老远赶来通知你会议的时间和地点。—— 你本能够给我打电话省去你跑这儿来的麻烦的。share 分享;spare 省去,免除;cost 花费; remove 脱掉,摘掉,开除,免除(职务)。根据句意可知答案选 B。 9.【解析】选 C。考查名词辨析。句意:很多国家正增加对天然气、风以及其他形式的能量 的利用。energy 指精力;(可利用的)能量,符合句意。force 常指武力、暴力等;power 是 各种力的总称;strength 指人的“力气”,均与题意不符。 10.【解析】选 C。考查动词短语辨析。句意:——不好意思,但是我不是很明白那个短语。 ——哦,我将再造个句子来明白地表达出它的意思。bring about 导致,造成;bring up 提出,教育, 养育, 呕吐;bring out 取出,拿出, 使清楚,使(意义等)明白地表示出来; bring in 引进,引入, 挣钱。 11.【解析】选 D。考查状语从句和非谓语动词。句意:无论明天天气多么热,我们必须完 成整个工程。however 引导让步状语从句,后接形容词或副词,相当于 no matter how +形 容词/副词;get sth. done 使得某事被做。故答案选 D。 12.【解析】选 D。考查强调句型。句意:他是因为忙才拒绝帮你的吗?强调句型的一般疑

each man working like two. 我们加倍努力,一个人干两个

问形式为:Is/ Was it +被强调部分+that+其余部分?根据句中的 refused 可知事情发生在 过去,应该用 was,故答案选 D。 13.【解析】选 A。考查情态动词。句意:——你猜怎么着!我通过了我的英语口语测试并 且得了 A。——祝贺你。你一定做了大量的练习。must have done 表示对过去发生的事情的 肯定推测,符合句意。should have done 表示“本应该做某事而没做”;would have done 表示“本会做的,但没做”;could have done 表示“本能够做但没有做”,均与题意不符。 14.【解析】选 C。考查非谓语动词。句意:被接见之后,这位男子点头站了起来,仍然拿 着他的包。still holding his bag 是现在分词短语作伴随状语,句子主语 the man 与 hold 之间是主动关系。 15.【解析】选 B。考查形容词短语作状语。句意:又渴又累,他走进茶室,在窗边一张小 桌子旁坐了下来。thirsty and tired 是形容词短语作状语,表示主语的状态。 Ⅲ.【文章大意】在我们等母亲的时候,一个坏人上了我们的车,想把我们载走,我奋力反 抗,最后把他赶走了,保护了我的弟弟们。 1.【解析】选 A。联系下文 Arriving at the school 可知:我们离开了家。 2.【解析】选 B。联系下文 the parent’s conference is a 17 in two weeks. 可知。 conversation 谈话;conference 会议;interview 采访;introduction 介绍。 3. 【解析】 C。 选 从本句的 look for a parking space 可知: 是到停车场找停车位。 parking the lot 停车场,是固定说法。 4. 【解析】选 D。从文中罗列的时间来看:作者遇到事总是不停地记时间。eventually 最 终地;deliberately 故意地;relatively 相对地;constantly 不断地。 5. 【解析】 C。 选 联系上文: 我坐在车里, 胡乱摆弄着收音机, 我又核对了一下时间是 7: 15。 shorten 缩短;extend 延伸;check 核对;kill 消磨。 6.【解析】选 A。我掉过头来,向车窗外看,这时门开了。when 这时。 7.【解析】选 B。我真的没当回事儿,以为是我妈妈,尽管她只离开了两分钟。judge 判断; figure 以为,想;decide 断定,决定;realize 意识到。 8.【解析】选 C。上文刚提到“作者在向窗外看”,所以本句:出于本能,我转过头来看到 了车里的这个男人。 9. 解析】 D。 【 选 我非常吃惊。 许多可怕的事情出现在我的脑海里。 confusion 混淆; agreement 同意;disorder 杂乱无章;shock 震惊。 10.【解析】选 A。我开始向窗外大喊,但他开始把窗摇起来。因为这个男人进到了车里,

听到叫喊声,就快把车窗关上。put it up 把它摇上来。 11.【解析】选 B。联系下文 continued hitting 可知。 12.【解析】选 C。因为是妈妈驾车来的,故应是她把钢笔落在车里的。 13.【解析】选 A。从下句 He ran out and left. 可知:他还击但放弃了。give up 放弃; hurry up 快点;shut up 关上,闭嘴;speak up 大声说出来。 14.【解析】选 B。我猜他意识到我是一个能进行反击的人。stand out 脱颖而出;put up 进行;turn down 拒绝;get back 得到。 15.【解析】选 C。我不会让你载我们的。ignore 忽视;control 控制;take 载;hurt 伤害。 16.【解析】选 D。联系上文 During this battle I had yelled out 可知。 17.【解析】选 A。家长会是两个星期之后的事情了。matter 事情;incident 事件;game 游戏;race 比赛。 18.【解析】选 B。我墙上挂着有关那天发生事情的报道。 19.【解析】选 C。我看着公安局定罪的那个人,发誓永远不会再让这样的事情发生了。fail 失败;tend 倾向于;swear 发誓;choose 选择。 20.【解析】选 B。尽管我讲我的故事用的时间很短,但我永远不会忘记那天我是多么用力。 sudden 突然的;hard 困难的,用力的;lucky 幸运的;loud 大声的。 Ⅳ.【文章大意】The North Cobb 高中乐队赢得了 wsbtv. com 网站的最佳高中乐队比赛(锦 标赛)上一个赛季的冠军,作为奖励,他们可以在特纳运动场举行美国职业棒球联赛前演奏 音乐。 1.【解析】选 C。细节理解题。根据第二段和第三段的内容可知,胜出的这支乐队将在棒球 赛前进行表演。 2.【解析】选 C。推理判断题。根据文章第七段中 The kids are so amazing, and they are really bright, talented, and they work hard. They do anything we ask them to do

and I really think there are a lot of keys to our success. 可以推知,The North Cobb 高中乐队胜出主要是由于乐队队员们的刻苦努力。 3.【解析】选 B。推理判断题。根据文章第五段内容可知,乐队的选拔是在乔治亚州的 64 所高中乐队中先由 wsbtv. com 网站的网民投票选出前四名,最后再选出获胜者,由此看出 学校乐队之间的竞争很激烈。



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