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北京市东城区 2012-2013 学年度高三第一学期期末检测

英 语 试 题
第二部分:知识运用(共两节,45 分) 第一节 单项填空(共 1 5 小题;每小题 1 分,共 1 5 分) 21. It was a small room, it afforded a fine view of the old city. A. so B.for C.or 22. We tried the window, but it was still hot in the room. A. to open B. opening C. open 23. He doesn't need to keep moving house, his father did. A. once B. because C. if 24. In general, most tennis on hard courts or on clay. A.plays B.is played C.has played

D.but D. opened D. as D . has been

played 25. I asked for some more cake, but there was left. A. no one B. none C.a little D. a few 26. The house was in such a mess-it looked as though a bomb on it. A. dropped B. had dropped C. would drop D . would have dropped 27. He jumped out of bed and ran to the door to see the parcel was for. A.who B.why C. where D. what 28. Look at this year's sales figures last year's; they’re so much better. A. against B. from C. with D. between 29.We intend to go to India, even if air fares again between now and next summer. A. went up B.will go up C. were going up D.go up 30. With some books , he went into the bookstore on the way home. A. bought B. buying C. to buy D. to be bought 31. We went camping last Saturday. Unfortunately, the day, began brightly, ended with a violent storm. A. when B. where C. which D. that 32. Chris told Liz that he had a good job with a big salary, but he . A. wasn't B. doesn't C. hadn't D. didn't 33. According to the new law, people found "harmful" advertisements on the streets will be punished strictly. A.put up B.to put up C. putting up D. having put up 34.If the island a tourist attraction, last week's earthquake would have caused far more deaths. A. remained B. would remain C. has remained D. is to remain 35.—Mum, I'm tired.

—Well, if you go to bed after midnight every night, what do you expect? A. will B.may C. should D. can 第二节 完形填空(共 20 小题;每小题 1.5 分,共 30 分) 阅读下面短文,掌握其大意,从每题所给的 A、B、C、D 四个选项中,选出最佳选项, 并在答题卡上将该项涂黑。 Coin confusion Rachel looked through troubled eyes at his sister and said, “1 wouldn't have thought Eric would be a thief. " His sister Sarah replied, “Whoa, that's a 36 accusation to make against your best friend!" Rachel remembered two days ago when he had brought out his coin collection for Eric to 37 . the end of that day, Rachel's mother had asked him to do her a favor, he had asked his At so friend,“1s it okay if I leave you for a few minutes?" Eric had said, "Go ahead. I'll clean up here," 38 at the piles of coins on the floor. When Rachel had returned, it never occurred to him to that he realized some quarters were 40 . 39 his coins until two days later

Sarah said, '6Why don't you just ask him?" “Ask him what? Hey, Best Friend, did you 41 my coin collection?" Rachel thought for a moment, 42 if that would be a good idea.The theft of his collection left him with a feeling of 43 .“How could I have misjudged my friend's 44 ?" The next day Rachel went over to Eric's house. Eric was acting funny sort of nervous, like he couldn't be 45 . In fact, Rachel thought Eric acted like someone with a secret.Anger blossomed (产生) Rachel watched Eric pretend to be kind, 46 Eric had obviously stolen as from him.Rachel finally could not stand it anymore and stood up. Suddenly, Eric 47 ,“I can't stand it anymore!” Rachel was astonished at hearing his own 48 burst forth from his friend! Only, instead of sounding 49 , Eric sounded excited. He pulled something from underneath the chair. "Go on-open it! I was going to wait until your birthday, but I can't wait1” Slowly, Rachel lifted the top of the 50 . Laid out in front of him were all of the quarters from his coin collection. Each quarter was in its own 51 in a new collection case. Each quarter shone like it was new. Rachel felt 52 rush over his neck and ears.He 53 said,“Thank you this means.. .a great deal to me. " He was grateful that Eric had cut him 54 before he said something he would 55 .Eric was exactly the type of person he wanted as a friend ! 36.A. repeated B. false C. baseless D. serious 37.A.clean B. store C. choose D. see 38.A. working B. gesturing C. playing D. glaring 39.A. seek B. select C. check D. collect 40.A. destroyed B. messed C. missing D. decreasing 41.A. replace B. steal C. pick D. remove 42.A. deciding B. knowing C. asking D. minding 43.A. stupidity B. abandon C. failure D.betrayal 44.A. decision B. character C. appearance D. method 45.A. still B. confident C. generous D. silent 46.A. when B. so C. after D. if

47.A. expressed 48.A. purpose 49.A. shocked 50.A. jar 51.A.spot 52.A.air 53.A. absently 54.A. off 55.A. suspect

B. condemned C. yelled B. choices C. desire B. curious C. guilty B. box C. can B. form C. condition B. heat C. wind B.unwillingly C.weakly B. down C. in B. explode C. tolerate 第三部分:阅读理解(共两节,40 分) 第一节(共 1 5 小题;每小题 2 分,共 30 分) A

D. argued D.thoughts D. cruel D. bag D. style D. sweat D.fearfully D.up D.regret

Federal Child Labour Standards or Teenagers Teenage labour in the United States Federal Law sets child labour standards affecting teenage workers in the privatecompanies and in federal, state, and local governments. How can injurieies be prevented? Demand Training Insist on adequate supervision(监督) and easy access to a supervisor at all times. Demand sufficient training on equipment and chemicals you are required to use. Refuse to use unknown materials or machinery that is broken or improperly set up. Wear protective equipment Always use whatever protective equipment is supplied. Protective clothing includes non-slip shoes, gloves and other specific job-related protective gear. Request reasonable protective equipment if it is not provided automatically. Know your environment Ask about workplace hazards and precautions that can help prevent injuries. Workplace hazards are objects and situations present at your job that could potentially hurt you.Recognize safety hazards such as slippery floors, unsafe ladders, sharp knives, and heavy lifting. Know the law Learn about federal and state laws governing employment for teenagers and make sure your supervisor enforces them. How many hours may be worked? Teenagers (ages 14-15) may total no more than ■3 hours on a school day ■18 hours in a school week (A school week is any week in which school attendance is required for any part of four or more days. ) ■8 hours on a non-school day ■40 hours in a non-school week What are the responsibilities? Employer and employee share the responsibility for keeping the workplace safe and healthy. As a teenage worker, you can do your part by taking these steps: ■Follow rules.

■Use safety equipment. ■Keep your work area clean. ■Report all injuries. ■Inform a supervisor if you feel sick. ■Report safety problems. 56.If a teenager is asked to work with equipment out of order, he or she should A.demand enough training B.refuse to work with the equipment C.ignore the instructions on the machine D.ask for necessary protective tools 57. Which is an example of a precaution? A. Choosing new materials. B. Using iron ladders. C. Reporting all injuries. D. Wearing safety glasses. 58. What is most stressed in the Federal Child Labour Standards for Teenagers? A.Safety measures. B.Responsibilities. C.Working hours. D. Equipments.

B The son of a piano producer, Elwyn Brooks White was born in Mount Vernon in a wealthy family.And he was raised with the mix of sophistication(富有经验) and common sense that would mark his writing. After graduation, White spent a year as a newspaper reporter in New York City, then decided to drive across the country with a friend. The trip gave White a lifetime of anecdotes.“When they ran out of money," White's friend, James Thurber, noted, "they played for their supper and their gasoline on an interesting musical instrument that White had made out of some pieces of wire and an old shoe." When White returned to New York City in the mid-1920s, he spent a few years bouncing between advertising jobs and unemployment before trying his hand again at writing. Not very seriously, he sent some essays to a new magazine called The New Yorker.Since its founding in 1925, the magazine had struggled to find its niche, and White's work helped put The New Yorker on the map.His essays were funny and sophisticated; they spoke equally to socialites(社会名流) and cab drivers, professors and repairmen. Through his essays, which he wrote for nearly 50 years, White helped give The New Yorker its voice and identity. In 1945, already a leading literary figure, White switched to his second occupation writing children's books.He moved from New York to a farm in Maine, where he raised chickens and geese. Seeking a way to amuse his nieces and nephews, White started to write stories for them. “Children were always after me to tell them a story and I found I couldn't do it," he said. “ So I had to get it down on paper.” By the time he died from Alzheimer's disease in 1985, White's essays had appeared in more literary collections in colleges than those of any other writer.Many said his essays matched his personality: sophisticated without being simple, critical without being mean. 59. What do we learn from Paragraph 2? A. White took the trip to realize his lifelong dream. B. The trip had a lasting effect on White's personality. C. The travelling companion found White's music talent.

D.White had many experiences to talk about after the trip. 60. The underlined part "its niche" means something that . A. suits its sponsors' tastes B. protects its social identity C. helps to build its own style D. voices its authors' concern 61. What do we know about White's works? A. They originally came from the stories told by his nieces. B. They were intended for people of different social status. C. They helped The New Yorker find its position on the map. D. They were chosen by college textbooks when they came out. C Does style really sell? How can the appearance of a product be more important than what it does? The battle between form and function rose again when James Dyson, British inventor of the Dyson vacuum (真空) cleaner that has sold in millions around the world, resigned as chairman of London's Design Museum. It is widely believed that Mr.Dyson felt that the museum put too much stress on style and fashion at the expense of serious industrial design. Mr.Dyson accused the museum of not keeping true to itself. He may be right, but these days, museums everywhere can no longer afford to be unique centers of scholarship and learning.Among competition for sponsorship, they must use exhibitions of populist culture, nice cafes and shops or, best of all, a new building by Frank Gehry to increase visitor numbers. On the one hand, some producers can be too old-fashioned and too concerned with the importance of product engineering and the functionality of their goods.On the other hand there are those who believe that how a product looks is more important.Design is indeed a broad term, involving both function and form. Typically, in any given product area, it changes from the former to the latter. Clothing is a good example. surely you would have to be a very shallow person But to think something's appearance was more important than what it did. Today nearly all goods at any given price-point do much the same job.So almost the only way producers can differentiate their products from those of their competitors is to create some sort of emotional connection with the consumer, which could be through the visual appeal of the product or its packaging; or the imagery (意象) created by advertising. And what of the Dyson vacuum cleaners? Mr. Dyson may believe that people buy these machines because of the graphs showing their superior suction, but most vacuum cleaners do a good job; the main reason people pay extra for a Dyson is because it is a vacuum cleaner with a trendy brand. With its inside workings exposed, it is a bit like a Richard Rogers building with all its pipes shown in bright colors on the outside instead of being hidden inside. Functional it may be, but it is a bit of a trick, too. 62.Mr.Dyson left the Design Museum because he thought the museum . A.didn't increase the number of visitors B.couldn't provide scholarships for learners C.wasn't loyal to its original purpose of learning D.hadn't great appeal for serious industrial designs 63. Speaking of clothing, the underlined word "latter" refers to . A. affording protection B.indicating one's identity

B. providing warmth C.making someone beautiful 64. What is the author's opinion in Paragraph 4? A. A product with convenient packaging sells well. B. The majority of consumers prefer to buy branded goods. C. Most similarly priced products are of a comparable standard. D. Emotion contributes much to the development of advertising industry. 65. The author believes that people buy the Dyson vacuum cleaner because . A. it has very good suction B. it has a fashionable range C. it sells well around the world D. it is invented by James Dyson 66. What is the author's attitude towards the form of a product? A. Optimistic. B. Sceptical. C. Disapproving. D. Objective. D In this section,we are concerned with reconstructive memory.Suppose you are trying to remember some event.Reconstructive memory would involve(涉及)combining the pieces of information about the event you can remember with your relevant knowledge and experience to reconstruct what probably happened.The concept of reconstructive memory is related to schema theory.A schema is an organized package of information containing your knowledge about the world; it helps us to make sense of it all. Schemas are stored in long-term memory. Your schemas tell you that if you were wearing a T-shirt it was likely to be summer.Bower, Black, and Turner showed that most people share similar schemas.Most people listed the following as the most important events associated with having a restaurant meal: sitting down, looking at the menu, ordering, eating, paying the bill, and leaving the restaurant. In the early 1930s, it was generally assumed that memory simply involves remembering the information presented to us. However9 Bartlett argued that memory was often more complex than that, in that previous knowledge in the form of schemas has influence on our memory.He thought what was of key importance was to ask participants to memorize a text selected to produce conflict between its contents and their knowledge of the world.As a result, the participants would connect their own schemas to the contents . This would result in misrepresentation of the material.For example, if people read a story taken from a different culture, then this would contain words and concepts that were foreign It would be likely that the participants' previous knowledge would influence the way this information was remembered, making it more acceptable from the standpoint of their own cultural background. Bartlett's work suggested that the process of remembering things is an active reconstruction of the bits that are stored. What is involved here has been compared to using a few dinosaur bones to reconstruct what the dinosaur probably looked like.When you learn something, it is actually only elements of the experience that are stored. So reconstructions are made by combining the real elements of a memory with your knowledge of the world.Our prejudices will influence what we think we have seen, and how we later recall the information. 67.How does the author explain the schema theory in Paragraph l? A.By giving common examples. B.By comparing different events. C.By reporting experiment results. D. By explaining principles in daily life. 68.What is schema? A.Relevant information showing your understanding of the world.

B.An organized package of information that makes sense to people. C.Pieces of information about the event you can remember. D.The most important events associated with each other. 69. Bartlett believed that . A.earlier experience would affect what people recalled B.memory was more complex than what schema theory supported C.conflict existed in people's knowledge of the world D.people tended to make information acceptable 70.What is the passage mainly about? A.What helps regain memory. B.How memory is reconstructed. C.What the real elements of memory are. D . How schema theory influences memory. 第二节(共 5 小题;每小题 2 分,共 1 0 分) Nature's cheats Mary is digging in the ground for a potato,when along comes John. Seeing that there is no one in sight, John starts to scream.John's angry mother rushes over and drives Mary away.Once his mum has gone, John helps himself to Mary's potato. We've all experienced similar annoying tricks when we were young-the brother who stole your ball and then got you into trouble by telling your parents you had hit him. Mary and John But are not humans.They're African baboons(狒狒). 71 John's scream and his mother's attack on Mary could have been a matter of chance, but John was later seen playing the same tricks on others. 72 Studying behavior like this is complicated, but scientists discovered apes(猿) clearly showed that they intended to cheat and knew when they themselves had been cheated. 73 An ape was annoying him, so he tricked her into going away by pretending he had seen something interesting.When she found nothing, she “walked back, hit me over the head with her hand and ignored me for the rest of the day. " Another way to decide whether an animal's behavior is deliberate is to look for actions that are not normal for that animal.A zoo worker describes how an ape dealt with an enemy."He slowly stole up behind the other ape, walking on tiptoe.When he got close to his enemy, he pushed him violently in the back, then ran indoors. " Wild apes do not normally walk on tiptoe. 74 But looking at the many cases of deliberate trickery in apes, it is impossible to explain them all as simple copying. It seems that trickery does play an important part in ape societies. 75 Studying the intelligence of our closest relative could be the way to understand the development of human intelligence. A. In most cases t e animal probably doesn't know it is cheating. B. An amusing example of this comes from a psychologist working in Tanzania. C. And playing tricks is as much a part of monkey behavior as it is of human behavior. D. So the psychologists asked his colleagues if they had noticed this kind of trickery. E. The ability of animals to cheat may be a better measure of their intelligence than their use of tools. F. This use of a third individual to achieve a goal is only one of the many tricks commonly used by baboons.

G. Of course it's possible that it could have learnt from humans that such behavior works, without understanding why. 第四部分:书面表达(共两节,3 5 分) 第一节 情景作文(20 分) 假设你是红星中学高三(1)班的学生李华,校报英语园地在开展征稿活动。请根据以 下四幅图的先后顺序,将你们班近期美化教室的活动记述下来,向校报投稿。词数不少 于 60。

【请务必将情景作文写在答题卡指定区域内) 第二节 开放作文(15 分) 请根据下面提示,写一篇短文。词数不少于 50。 In your spoken English class, your teacher shows you the following picture. You are asked to describe the picture and explain how you understand it.




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