Task-based writing 高考英语之读写作文
“读写任务”其实是“读”和“写” 的有机结合，“读”的材料是为了后 面的“写
”提供情景，同样， “写” 也是对“读”的材料的思考和延伸。
读写任务的写作内容一般分为两 部分，即 TASK 1、SUMMARY; TASK 2、OPINION。
（1）概括要点不全 （2）没有使用第三人称 （3）过多引用原文 （4）过多细节而非概括性语言 （5）陈述了自己的观点 （6）缺乏过渡词句 （7）句式单调
写作中的难点： 1． 如何迅速、准确地捕捉要点； 2．如何灵活诠释，避免抄袭的嫌疑； 3．如何巧妙串连，将要点串成篇章。
Styles of passage
第一步：先通读全文，找出几个要素 ? who → 谁 ? what→ 何事 开头套用句式： The story/passage is about…… ? when→ 何时 The writer/author tells us about…. ? where→ 何地 The story/passage mainly tells us that…… The passage describes …. ? why → 原因 ? as a result/consequence/finally → 结果 …….,which led to 第二步：用自己的话串联起来
万能公式：The passage mainly tells us that sb. (who……) did sth. (at someplace at sometime ) because of / as a result of /due to ……, which led to …… finally/eventually……
practice： had no patience Last Sunday I went fishing. After setting up my fishing rod with bait, I sat down on the bank of the lake. But two hours later, I didn’t catch any fish. I got very angry and began to pack up my stuff, preparing to go back home. ? Just then, I saw an old man sitting near me. To my surprise, his basket was full of fish, so I went over to him, wanting to know why. “Excuse me, but how long have you sat here?” I asked. “About four hours,” he answered. “Four hours?” I couldn’t believe my ears. “Yes. It’s very important to be patient,” the old man said. “Don’t consider fishing a tiring sport. Just enjoy it.” Suddenly, I understood what he said. I must learn to be patient. Then I sat there and waited for fish patiently. I felt a fish touch the bait, but I didn’t move and waited for the right moment to reel it in. At last, I caught it. This made me very happy. In the following six hours, I caught over 10 fish. ? On my way home, I thought what had happened on the bank. I gradually realized that the secret of success was patience.
who → 谁
① _______________ ②________________ I (the writer) an old man
didn’t catch any fish what→ 何事 ①____________________________
? ? ? ?
his basket was full of fish ②__________________________ when→ 何时 where→ 何地 why → 原因 ① ______________________________________ got very angry
② ______________________________________ It’s very important to be patient as a result → 结果 learn to be patient; caught it. ______________________________________________________
议论文 The elements of an argumentation
1.a strong statement of opinion. 2.support for the opinion.
Getting up early has been regard as a good habit since ancient times. Many years ago, people thought that if we went to bed early and get up early, we would be energetic the whole day. So, getting up early is of great importance to us all. In fact, morning is the best time of a day. In the morning, the air is the freshest and people are usually in the best conditions. Many of us may have the experiences that we memorize some things more quickly and accurately in the morning than any other time of the day. If we do some morning exercise or only take a short walk in the morning, we can build our bodies and become much healthier. Also we will have enough time to make a plan and get ready for our work or study of the day if we get up early. However, if we get up late, we will probably have to do everything in a great hurry. Let us remember getting up early is a good habit and try our best to keep it. If we stick to getting up early every day, we will certainly benefit a lot from it.
1. A strong statement of opinion. (the key idea): Getting up early /a good habit /of great importance 2. Support for the opinion (supporting sentences) a better memory a healthier body a better preparation for the day 3. Conclusion/suggestions. a good habit / benefit a lot
概括时不能使用原句，因此要在要点单词， 短语及句式上作出改变，并恰当的使用高级 句式
Some useful skills:
1)同义替换法 I realize that the secret of success was patience. =I realize that the _______to success was patience 2)正话反说或反话正说法 You will not succeed.= You will ______.
I can’t agree with you more. = I agree with you. 3)词性转换法 It is very important to be patient.= It is of great ___________to be patient.
1. To his surprise, the old man`s basket was full of fish.（使用名词性从 句）
What surprises him is that the old man `s basket was full of fish. 2. I got so angry that I began to pack up my stuff,preparing to go back home. (使用倒装句) So angry did I get that I began to ... 3. I caught a lot of fish because of the old man`s help.(用虚拟语气）
I couldn’t have caught a lot of fish but for the old man`s help. 4.We should take effective measures to handle the problem.(改被动） Effective measure should be taken to handle the problem.
5.At last ,I caught it.This made me very happy.(改成定语从 句） At last ,I caught it,which made me very happy.
6Getting up early is a good habit.( It is ...)
It is a good habit to get up . 7.If you stick to get up early every day, you will benefit a lot from it.（祈使句+and…） Stick to get up... and you’ll benefit a lot...
8．He had no sooner come back from Beijing than he was sent abroad. (使用倒装句)
No sooner had he come back from Beijing than he was sent abroad. 9.As a result the plan was a failure. (turn out) The plan turned out to be a failure. 10. When he spoke, he felt more and more excited. (the more…the more)
The more he spoke, the more excited he felt.
Skill 3: 削“枝”去“叶”，实行精“兵” 裁“员” 。由于字数限制，又要涵 盖所有要点，用词必须“能省则 省”。
Some useful skills: 1)主谓缩写
they will→they’ll; we are→we’re; can not→can’t
if they’re corrected too much=if corrected too much
She brought home several Chinese and English novels, a few copies of Time and Newsweek and some textbooks. She intended to read all of them during the winter vocation. She brought home a lot of books to read during
1) 先后次序关系： at first ,afterwards ,later ,eventually 2) 因果关系： due to; for this reason; therefore consequently;
3) 转折关系： however; even though; despite that; regardless of; 4) 并列关系： as well as; either...，or...; both...and...
5) (补充)递进关系： furthermore; moreover; additionally, 6) 比较关系： similarly; in comparison with; when compared with; 7) 对照(不同点)： in contrast (to); on the contrary; contrary to; while; but on the other hand. 8) 举例关系: for example; for instance; such as 9) 归纳总结类： in general, to sum up, to conclude
caught a lot of fish
who had no patience at first after becoming patient
did sth. (at some place at some time )
because of being influenced by an old man
because of / as a result of /due to ……,
which led to …/finally/eventually……
him realizing patience is the key to success
had intended to give up intended to have given up
The passage mainly tells us that the writer who had no patience at first caught a lot of fish after becoming patient because of being influenced by an old man. Finally , he realized patience is the key to success.
The passage says getting up early in the morning is a good habit that will benefit us a lot. It enables us to have a better memory, healthier body and better preparation for the day.
practice1: It must have been about two in the morning when I returned home. I tried to wake up my wife by ringing the doorbell, but she was fast asleep, so I got a ladder from the shed in the garden, put it against the wall, and began climbing towards the bedroom window. I was almost there when a sarcastic voice below said, “I don’t think the windows need cleaning at this time of the night.” I looked down and nearly fell off the ladder when I saw a policeman. I immediately regretted answering in the way I did, but I said, “ I enjoy cleaning windows at night.” “So do I,” answered the policeman in the same tone. “Excuse my interrupting you. I hate to interrupt a man when he’s busy working, but would you mind coming with me to the station?” “Well, I’d prefer to stay here,” I said. “ You see, I’ve forgotten my key.” “Your what?” he called. “My key,” I shouted. Fortunately, the shouting woke up my wife who opened the window just as the policeman had started to climb towards me
Arriving home in early morning, the writer failed to wake up his wife by the doorbell. Trying to climb towards the bedroom window, he was found by a policeman. His shouting eventually woke his wife.(35 words)
Practice2: Advertising can be a service to customers. This is true when advertisements give reliable information about the goods advertised. Such information is needed if the customer is to make a sensible choice when he buys something. It is useful in that it lets him know of the kinds of goods in the shops. Printed advertisements do this job best. Customers can collect them and compare them. They can be taken along to the shops and their statements can be checked against and actual goods in the shops. Some advertisements are not very useful to the customers. Instead of helping the customer to satisfy his real needs, they set out to make him want things. They set out to make us believe that what they advertise will make us cleverer, prettier, more handsome, if only we use it. The voice on TV says, “ Getaway people use XYZ petrol.” The screen shows a picture of petrol pump for a fast expensive car owned by a boy with a pretty girlfriend. They drive off to the wonderful country or a lovely beach. Some people may feel that clever, successful people use XYZ petrol. Some might choose that petrol every time they fill up their cars.
Advertising can be useful when it provides customers with reliable information，while some advertisements are not the case as they are produced only to persuade customers to buy what they don’t need.(31 words)
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