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看例句学倒装句 (Grammar, Unit 4, Book 5)


Unit 4 Making the News
Grammar: Inversion

What is inversion?
? 句子的自然语序是 主谓 (宾), 如果谓语被提到主语前面, 这种情况叫 倒装 (inversion). ? 整个谓语都被提前的, 叫全部倒装 (full inversion). ? 部分谓语被提前的, 叫部分倒装

(partial inversion).

初中学过的倒装
第一位 第二位 句子剩余的部分

? 由 here, there, now, then 引导的句子
– There – Here – Now – Then ’s ’s comes came the bell. the address of your hotel. your turn. the day of your examination.

? 由 so, neither, nor 引导的句子
– He’s a teacher and so is his wife. – “I haven’t seen that film.” “Neither/Nor have I.”

Look at these sentences
? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? I can also swim. What does it mean? How did she cook it? I played basket ball with Tom. I have never been to Taiwan. He is not always in the office. Did you almost catch it? Were you late for class this morning?
句 子 的 助 动 词 通 常 情 况 放 第 二 位 ( 一 般 疑 问 句 除 外 )

因强调状语而引起倒装
? ? ? ? ? ? ? Fred said nothing. Nothing did Fred say. Jim has never tried that. Never has Jim tried that. Sam will relax at no relax. At no time will Sam time. They will inwill they look on passively. In no case no case look on passively. I diduntil learn anything Iuntil yesterday. Not not yesterday did learn anything. Our honour way only our saved inbe saved. Only in this can can be honour this way. The attack was so sudden that we had no So sudden was the attack that we had no time to escape.

因强调状语而引起倒装 (cont’d)
? ? ? ? ? ?
Never would he He would never know what she had done. Never before had never tasted tasted this. In her life she in her life had shethis before. Little does he about whether we live live ... He cares little care about whether weor die. Nowhere could nowhere. I could find him I find him. Only then could the be begun then. The work could onlywork be begun. Not only did he do work faster, but he also He not only did thethe work faster, but he also worked better. worked better. Not once has he to fulfil fulfil his task. ? He has not failed failed tohis task once. Hardly had we ? We had hardly started when it began to rain.

表转折的让步状语从句
? ? ? ? ? Sick as he was he came to work. Though he was, sick, he came to work. Hard as he works, he makes little little Though he works hard, he makes progress. progress. was, he behaved like a girl. Boy as he Though youwas a boy, can’t finish the book Fast as he read, you he behaved like a girl. so soon. ? Though youwas, he knew what was the ? Child as he read fast, you can’t finish the book thing to do. right so soon. ? Though he was a child, he knew what was the right thing to do.

虚拟条件从句的倒装
? W it weren’t for their assistance, we If it wouldn’t be able to do so well. Had they got ? If they had got there earlier, we would have caught the train. ? If Mary should call, say that I’ll be back in Should Mary call an hour. ? If I were Tom, I would refuse. Were I Tom ? If you should require anything, just give Should you require anything me a call.

Homework Check
? Not until all the fish died in the river did the village realize how serious the pollution was.
? Out rushed the children as soon as the bell rang. ? Were I you, I would invite him to the party.

? Much as/ though I like it, I had no money to buy it.
? Seldom does he go to the park at weekend.

Homework Check (con’t)
? By no means is she an experienced teacher.
? Under no condition can you tell them what happened. ? Hardly had we sat down at the table when the phone rang. ? Not until she saw the present did she feel happy.

Useful expressions
? ? ? ? ? ? ? stick, stuck, stuck hammer ... into ... nail sth. to swh. without moving be deeply touched feed sb. give up hope ? at an angle ? by accident ? give sb.
– thumbs-up – thumbs-down

? make a movement ? scold sb./swear at sb.


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