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pushback


Request push-back
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At many airports aircraft are parked with the nose towards the terminal. Aircraft have to be pushed backwards by tugs before they can taxi for departure. R

equest for push-back are made to ATC or apron management depending on the local procedures.

Example
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PIL: Apron Fastair 345 stand 27 request pushback CTL: Fastair 345 push-back approved
CTL: Fastair 345 stand by. Expect one munite delay due B747 taxing behind

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Push-back
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Pilot and the ground crew should coordinate to finish the push-back. When the manoeuvre is complete the ground crew gives the pilot a visual signal to indicate that the aircraft is free to taxi. If the pilot wants to stop the manoeuvre, he should use the phrase “stop push-back” When communicating with the ground crew, aircraft call sign can be omitted.

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PIL: reay for push-back GND: confirm brakes released PIL: brakes released GND: commencing push-back GND: push-back completed, confirm brakes set PIL: brakes set, disconnect GND: disconnecting stand by for visual at your left PIL: roger

Request start-up
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When asking for start-up, the pilot will state the location of the aircraft and acknowledge receipt of the ATIS broadcast. If the departure of the aircraft is delayed, the controller will normally indicate a start up time or an expected start up time.

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PIL: Georgetown ground, Fastair 345, stand 24, request start up, information B CTL: Fastair 345 start up approved QNH 1009 CTL: Fastair 345 start up at 35 QNH 1009 CTL: Fastair 345 expect start up at 42 QNH 1009 CTL: Fastair 345 expect departure 46 start up at own discretion QNH 1009

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Start-up
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The pilot starts the engines with the assistance of the ground crew. PIL: ready to start up GND: start number 1 PIL: starting number 1 GND : number 1 approved

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PIL: number 2 coming GND: number 2 approved PIL: Both engines have started, check everyting normal, please disconnect. Thank you GND: disconnecting, good bye

Start up during push-back
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The pilot may choose to reques start-up during push-back if possible PIL: request start-up during push-back GND: all engines start-up approved PIL: starting sequence 1234 GND: sequence 1234

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PIL: starting number 1 GND: number 1 approved PIL: number 2 is coming GND: approved number 2 … PIL: all engines are running, everything normal, discconnect interphone thank you GND: disconnecting, good flight

练习
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PIL: 北京地面, 国航2763, 波音777, 停机位 222, 请求推开,跑道18左. CTL: 国航2763, 可以推开,跑道18左, 修压 1013, 地面温度10度.
PIL: 可以推开, 跑道18左,修压1013,国航 2763.

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PIL: Beijing Ground, CCA 2763 with gate 222 , Boeing 777, request start-up and push-back, runway 18L.
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CTL: CCA 2763, start-up and push-back approved, runway 18L, QNH 1013, temperature 10.
PIL: pushback and start-up approved, runway 18L, QNH 1013, CA2763.

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练习
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P:浦东地面,晚上好,东方123,停机位廊桥304, 通波A已确认,地面已准备好,请求推出开车。
C:东方123,可以推出开车,机头朝南。 P:机头朝南,东方123。

P:东方123,推出开车完毕,请求滑出。

练习
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PIL:北京地面,南航1243,空客320,停机位212, 请求推开跑道36左. CTL:南航1243,地面温度10度,可以推开跑道 36左, 机头向北, 修压1012.
PIL: 可以推开, 机头向北, 修压1012,南航 1243.

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Practice
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PIL: Call sign: SIA4659; Gate 320, ask Shanghai Ground for push-back. CTL: Wait for five minutes, there is an A320 taxiing behind. Five munites later call back to approve push-back PIL: readback and then call the ground crew to start push-back Complete the push-back with the assistance of the ground crew.

Practice
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PIL: Call sign: AFR 1934; Stand: A2; request push-back from London Ground CTL: Push-back approved, but wait for start-up. expect departure at 11. PIL: Contact the ground crew to finish pushback. PIL: Call ATC for start-up CTL: start up at pilot’s own discretion. Ask the pilot to call back when ready for taxi-out.

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PIL: contact the ground crew and finish start-up with their assistance. (there are four engines on your airplane) PIL: call the controller for taxi-out


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