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美国最权威的巴朗 SAT3500词汇同义分类表,方便记忆!


Barron █ ----SAT High-Frequency Words ● ----SAT Hot Prospects Worlds 平静█ 平静下来,冷静 allay V 下来 (使) 平静,安抚 █ appease V

Word

List

calm pacify

al lay

>
=ad-,to cause to lie

pacify or soothe relieve

pease

peace

停止 (cease,V) 平静的 公平的

cessation

N

stoppage

cede, ceed,cess

go, yield

dispassionate

Adj

calm impartial

passi,pati,path

suffer,feelings

平静的, 均衡的, equable 稳定的

Adj

tranquil steady uniform

equ,equi

equal

沉着冷静 平静 (imperturbabili ty, N) 不停的

imperturbable

Adj

calm placid composed

im per turb

not thoroughly disturb

incessant

Adj

uninterrupted unceasing

cede, ceed,cess

go, yield

安抚,平静 换取信任,失去 警惕 (使其) 平静,安静,暂 停,短暂的平息

lull

V

soothe cause one to relax one's guard subside

lull

N

moment of calm

1

平息 安抚 安抚 平静

● mollify

V

soothe

moll 拉丁文:mollis=soft

soft

pacify

V

soothe make calm or quiet subdue

pac-

peace

冷静的 平静的 不易被激起的 平静的

phlegmatic

Adj

calm not easily disturbed

dis turb

apart disturb

placid

Adj

peaceful calm

plac-

please

劝解 平静 安抚 平静 宁静 安静的 稳重的 低沉的 平静

propitiate

V

█ appease

propit=pet

forward seek

quietude

N

tranquility

qui

calm,rest

sedate

Adj

composed grave

sed.sess,sid

sit

serenity

N

calmness placidity

沉静的 安静的 平静 冷静 不能平静的 不能平静的

staid

Adj

sober sedate

tranquillity

N

calmness peace

trans, qui

across, calm,rest

implacable

Adj

incapable of being
2

plac

please

pacified 静态 静默的 静音的 muted Adj silent muffled toned down 清醒,冷静 节制 严肃 sobriety N. moderation (especially regarding indulgence in alcohol) seriousness. (sober,Adj.) 静止的 单调的 (stagnate,V) 静态的 █ static Adj █ stagnant Adj motionless stale dull unchanging lacking development sta stand (一直站着的) sta stand (一直站着的)

和谐 和谐的 (compatibility, N)

compatible

Adj

harmonious in harmony with

com passi,pati,path

together suffer,feelings

情感的亲近 和谐

rapport

N

emotional closeness harmony

不和谐 不和谐 (cacophony,

●cacophonous

Adj

█ discordant

caco phon

bad sound, speak

inharmoniou
3

N) 冲突的 不和谐的 不和谐的 冲突的 不和谐 不兼容 (incompatibilit y, N) 不调和的 荒谬的 (incongruity, N) █ incongruous Adj discord N

s conflict lack of harmony █ discordant Adj not harmonious conflicting incompatible Adj inharmoniou s in com passi,pati,path not together suffer,feelings cord heart cord heart

not fitting absurd

平衡 平衡 不平衡,不成比 例

equilibrium imbalance

N N

balance lack of balance or symmetry

equ,equi

equal

disproportion

和平 和平主义者 █ pacifist N one opposed to force antimilitarist pacpeace

公平、公允 公允的

disinterested

Adj

unprejudiced

jud

judge

4

公平的,公允的

● equitable

Adj

fair impartial

equ,equi

equal

公平,公正

equity

N

fairness justice

equ,equi

equal

公平的

evenhanded

Adj

impartial fair

公平的

impartial

Adj

not biased fair

im part jud

not part judge

公平的

judicious

Adj

sound in judgment wise

不为情所动的 公平的

objective

Adj

not influenced by emotions fair

ob ject

before throw (抛于眼前的 东西)

不公平 不公平 易招嫉妒的 不公平的

inequity invidious

N Adj

unfairness designed to create ill will or envy

equ,equi in vid,vis

equal on to see (看到~而嫉 妒)

偏见、偏差 偏见的,偏差 (bias, N) 有识别能力的 有偏见的 (secondary meaning) discrimination, N

biased

Adj

slanted prejudiced

█ discriminating

Adj

able to see differences prejudiced

dis crimin

apart space (反唇相讥)

5

患黄疸病的 有偏见的

jaundiced

Adj

prejudiced [envious, hostile or resentful] yellowed

resent

again feel (再次感觉—怒 气油然而生)

倾向 偏见 偏见的 有目标的 预计好的

partiality

N

inclination bias

part

part

tendentious

Adj

having an aim biased designed to further a cause

tend

stretch

合理 合适的

apposite

Adj

appropriate fitting

ap=ad posratio-

to place; put reason

合理化

rationalize

V

give a plausible reason for an action in place of a true, less admirable one offer an excuse

不合理的 不合理的,不重 要的

█ inconsequential

Adj

insignificant unimportant

con sequ sign

together follow mark know

不合理的

unconscionable

Adj

unscrupulou
6

sci

不道德的 过度的 散漫的 不得要领的 discursive Adj

s excessive digressing rambling dis cur apart run

协调,协作,合作,一致 扣合 紧密合作 协作,合作 clasp N fastening device firm grip collaborate V work together com (co, col, con, cor) labor 协调的 concerted Adj mutually agreed on done together com (co, col, con, cor) cert sure work with, together with, together

一致 一致 全体同意 全体一致 (unanimous,Ad j) 一致性 同样

accord unanimity

N N

agreement complete agreement

cord un anim

heart one mind

█ uniformity

N

sameness monotony

uni form

one form

不一致的,矛盾的 相差 █● discrepancy 缺乏一致

N

lack of consistency
7

dis crep

apart crack

difference 不一致的,自相 矛盾的 ( inconsistent, Adj) inconsistency N state of being self-contradi ctory lack of █ uniformity or steadiness 不相容的 矛盾的 irreconcilable Adj incompatible not able to be resolved ● repugnant Adj loathsome hateful ir-=il reconcil re-pugnnot again harmonize against fight

不一致的 讨厌的 (令人) 矛盾的观点或 情绪 (ambivalent,Ad j)

█ ambivalence

N

the state of having contradictory or conflicting emotional attitudes contradict give a false impression

ambi-

about,around, on both side strong

val

掩饰,造成假象 矛盾 相反的

█ belie

V

contra dict

contrary say

converse

N

opposite

con vers,vert

together to turn

安与危 安慰,安抚 减轻 (痛苦) 满足 (饥渴)

● assuage

V

ease or lessen (pain) satisfy
8

as=ad suage

to agreeable

安慰

(hunger) soothe (anger)

(止痛的) 安慰物

balm

N

something that relieves pain reconciling soothing reconcil moll 拉丁文:mollis=soft again harmonize soft

抚慰,调和 (conciliate,V) 缓和,安抚 (also Adj) 鸦片剂 安眠的,止痛的

█ conciliatory

Adj

emollient

N

soothing or softening remedy medicine to █ induce sleep or deaden pain something that relieves emotions or causes inaction

opiate

N

安抚

█ placate

V

pacify conciliate

plac concil plac=pleas

please harmonize please

安慰剂

placebo

N

harmless substance prescribed as a dummy pill comfort in trouble

安慰

solace

N

不安 心乱 不安

discomposure

N

agitation loss of
9

dis com

away together

poise 感到不安 (perturbation, N) 焦躁不安的 难以压抑的 restive Adj perturb V disturb greatly

posper turb

place; put thoroughly disturb

restlessly impatient █ obstinately resisting control

互见:rest

危与险,恶,凶,陷阱,预兆,残酷 困境 两难的困境 走投无路 僵局 僵局 (also V) 无路可通,走投 无路 僵局 impasse N deadlock N standstill stalemate predicament from which there is no escape deadlock 困境 危险的境地 两难 两难的困境 僵局 █quandary stalemate N N predicament N tricky or dangerous situation dilemma dilemma deadlock im=in pass not pass

困境,困难,困与难,艰难 困扰 beset

V

harass or trouble hem in
10

=set upon,包围,围 困

易碎的 困难的 紧急情况(Adj. exigent)

brittle

Adj

easily broken difficult

exigency

N

urgent situation emergency emergent siuation

ex ig

out act

挣扎,辗转 艰难地奋斗

flounder

V

struggle and thrash about proceed clumsily or ● falter

互见 founder proceed forward go

情况,状况 困境

plight

N

condition, state (especially a bad state or condition)

pli

fold

predicament 困境 危险的境地 两难 困难,困苦 短缺,缺少 两难的困境 █ quandary N privation N predicament N tricky or dangerous situation dilemma hardship want dilemma priv private,deprive(使 丧失)

危害、妥协、危险 危害 compromise 妥协 (also N),see

V

Adjust or settle by making mutual
11

com pro mise

together forth send

█ eclectic

concessions endanger the interests or reputation of

折衷的 (█ eclecticism, N)

█ eclectic

Adj

composed of elements drawn from disparate sources

ec lect dispar互见:electric 电气 read apart equal

危险 臵于危险之中 (jeopardy, N)

hazardous jeopardize

Adj

d V

angerous endanger imperil put at risk

hazard

game of dice

危机,转折点 关键点 悬崖 危险的位臵

juncture

N

crisis joining point

junct

join

precipice

N

cliff dangerous position

pre cipice=caput

before head (以头在先— 倒栽)

冒险的 不确定的 冒风险的 冒险的 威胁的,险恶的 venturesome Adj ● precarious Adj uncertain risky bold ven,vent to come (来到) prec pray

formidable

Adj

menacing threatening

险恶的 严酷的

inclement

Adj

stormy unkind

in clement

not mild

12

险恶的 威胁的,险恶的 formidable Adj menacing threatening 险恶的 严酷的 inclement Adj stormy unkind in clement not mild

闹 喧闹 俗丽 blatant Adj █ flagrant conspicuousl y obvious loudly offensive 喧嚣,繁忙,熙 熙攘攘 bustle V move about energetically teem 胡闹 奇怪、出格的行 为 闹剧 嘲笑 (farcical,Adj) 闹着玩的 嬉戏的 雀跃 耍闹 嬉戏 ( also N) 狂欢,欢闹 hilarity N boisterous ● mirth
13

flagr

burn

escapade

N

prank flighty conduct

es-=exout of one’s cape 迅速脱掉外套 force

out cape: 无袖的短外套

farce

N

broad comedy █ mockery

frolicsome

Adj

prankish gay

frolic

gambol

V

skip leap playfully

game 比赛

hilar-

glad

无暇的

immaculate

Adj

spotless flawless absolutely clean

inmaculate

not be spotted

喧闹的,喧嚣的 任性的 喧嚣 混乱 胡闹 打扮 小规模战争 小打小闹 (also V) 嬉戏的 玩闹的 吵闹 混乱

obstreperous

Adj

boisterous noisy

pandemonium

N

wild tumult

pandemon-

all 恶魔

prank

N

mischievous trick minor fight

see: rank

skirmish

N

sportive

Adj

playful

port

carry

tumult

N

commotion riot noise

tum

to swell (肿胀)

喊叫的 吵闹的

vociferous

Adj

clamorous noisy

voc,voke -ferclaim

to call; voice carry cry

争吵、争论、争议、争辩 争吵 bicker 争吵 混战 争吵 争论 fray spat fracas

V N

quarrel brawl, melee

see beaker

N N

brawl squabble
14

口角 扇巴掌 争吵 squabble N

minor dispute minor quarrel bickering

无可争议的 无疑的,无可争 议的 ● incontrovertible Adj indisputable not open to question Adj too certain to be disputed incontro-=contra vert in dis pute not against turn not apart think

没有争论余地 非常清楚的

indisputable

争辩,辩论 好辩的 (disputant, N)

█ disputatious

Adj

argumentativ e fond of arguing

dis pute

apart think

支持,辩护

advocacy

N

support active pleading on something's behalf

advoc,voke

to to call; voice

辩护 (also N) 辩护者

█ advocate

V

urge plead for

advoc,voke apo-log-

to to call; voice off speak

apologist

N

one who writes in defense of a cause or institution trickery

强辩,狡辩

chicanery

N

de

apart

15

欺骗 辩论 反驳 controvert V

deception oppose with arguments attempt to █ refute contradict

cept contro-=contra vert

take (另外的方式) against turn

雄辩 修辞 (█ eloquent,Adj) 悖论 佯谬

█ eloquence

N

expressivene ss persuasive speech

eloqu, log

out speak

paradox

N

something apparently contradictory in nature statement that looks false but is actually correct

paradox-

beside; opinion

辩论的,好辩的

● polemical

Adj

aggressive in verbal attack █ disputatious

遁词 狡辩 支吾 吹毛求疵 (also V) 辩护 维护

quibble

N

minor objection or complaint

qui

calm,rest

█ vindicate

V

clear from blame █ exonerate justify or
16

vindicdic

wine say(趁酒兴而辩论) proclaim (宣称离开 某地)

support

谋略、计谋、策略、技巧、智谋,阴谋、密谋、合谋、勾结 计谋 N stratagem deceptive de scheme 战略 cept 技巧 策略,计谋 技巧 欺骗 artifice N ruse N trick stratagem deception trickery art de cept 小玩意儿 密谋 预谋,预先考虑 有计划的 故意的 有想法的 premeditate V trinket N knickknack bauble plan in advance not spontaneous deliberate thoughtful 互见:meditate

away take

skill away take

studied

Adj

拉丁文: sponta=of free will

私下的,秘密的,揭秘 秘密 谜 arcane Adj secret mysterious known only to the initiated 核心小组会议 (秘密) caucus N private meeting of members of a party to select officers or determine
17

互见: cane

policy 密码 秘密的 cipher N secret code 互见:encipher, decipher

clandestine

Adj V

secret hint suggest 互见: intimacy

私下的,秘密的, intimate 亲密的 宣告 暗中的 秘密的 █ surreptitious

Adj

secret █ furtive sneaky hidden

surrept

over creep (偷偷爬过去)

破译,解密 澄清 揭秘

decipher

V

interpret secret code clarify free from mystery or obscurity

互见:encipher, cipher 互见 mystify demyst apart mystery

demystify

V

计谋 间谍行为

espionage

N

spying

e-=exspec

out see,look

奸诈狡猾 诡计

█ guile

N

deceit █ duplicity wiliness cunning

互见:beguile 欺骗, 骗住,消磨时间

精明的 明智的 诡计多端的 谨慎的

politic

Adj

█ expedient █ prudent well advised

18

自发的 自然的 无预谋的 (spontaneous, Adj)

spontaneity

N

lack of premeditatio n naturalness freedom from █ constraint

拉丁文: sponta=of free will

阴谋,阴险 阴险的,奸诈 的,狡猾的 鬼鬼祟祟的 阴谋,诡计 阴郁的 阴森的 昏暗的 抑郁的

insidious

Adj

treacherous stealthy sly

in sid

in sit(隐匿坐于其内者)

machinations

N

evil schemes or plots gloomy gloomy depressing dark drab so=sub omber=umber under shadow

saturnine █ somber

Adj Adj

策略 合适的,有利的 策略性的 (expediency, N)

█ expedient

Adj

suitable practical politic

expedi

out foot (有助于行进的)

技巧 精密的技巧 熟练,有技巧

finesse adroit

N Adj

delicate skill skillful

互见: fine

勾结 勾结

collusion

N

conspiring in
19

col-=com-

together

a fraudulent scheme

lud,lus

play

争斗、斗争、战争、竞争 赢得 purchase 换得 努力争取得 购买 (secondary meaning) 竞争 vie

N

firm grasp or footing

V

█ contend compete

见 via

漩涡 漩涡中心 (争斗、讨论的) 中心

vortex

N

whirlwind whirlpool center of █ turbulence predicament into which one is inexorably plunged

vert turb

turn(回旋的东西) to disturb (扰乱)

斗 好斗的,好战的 好斗的,好战的 bellicose

Adj

warlike

bell -cose

war 形容词词尾 war

好斗的,好斗嘴 的 (belligerence, N) 狂热好战分子

belligerent

Adj

quarrelsome

bell

jingoist

N

extremely aggressive
20

侵略主义者 (jingoism, N)

and militant patriot warlike chauvinist

好战的 尚武的 好战的 (also N) 好斗的

martial

Adj

warlike

militant

Adj

combative bellicose

pugnacity

N

combativene ss disposition to fight (pugnacious, Adj)

-pugn-

fight

斗殴 椭圆形的剧院, 斗兽场 殴打,斗殴

amphitheater

N

oval building with tiers of seats slap batter knock about

amphi-

around,(on both sides)

buffet

V

挣扎,辗转 艰难地奋斗

flounder

V

struggle and thrash about proceed clumsily or ● falter

互见 founder proceed forward go

格斗,摔跤

grapple

V

wrestle come to grips with
21

徘徊 (思考问题) 混战

scuffle

V

struggle confusedly move off in a confused hurry

翻滚 挣扎 骚乱 搅乱

welter

N

█ turmoil bewildering jumble

冲突 冲突的 不和谐的 discord N conflict lack of harmony cord heart

干预,干涉 闯入者 干涉者 干预 干涉 interloper N intruder unwanted meddler █ intervene V come between interven,vent between to come(来到)

战 打击 挑战

impugn

V

dispute or contradict (often in an insulting way) challenge gainsay

im-=in-pugnpute

into fight think

不可战胜的,不 能克服的

● insuperable

Adj

insurmounta ble
22

in super

not touch

unbeatable

击、攻、打、 攻击 攻击者

aggressor

N

attacker

ag gress

to walk to leap

攻击

assail

V

assault

as=ad sail

攻不破的

unassailable

Adj

not subject to question not open to attack

攻击 烦恼 (使) 围攻

beleaguer

V

besiege or attack harassed

besiege

V

surround with armed forces harass

(with requests) 攻击的 冒犯的 offensive Adj attacking insulting distasteful 开始,发作,肇 端 攻击 易受攻击的 vulnerable Adj █ susceptible to wounds sus-=sub cept under take (被放到~之下 onset N beginning attack

23

vulse

——蒙受) to pluck, (摘,采, 拉)

各种“击” 轰击 (导弹) 冲击 假的,淡的,不 鲜明的 佯攻 (also V) 冲击 碰撞 急冲 袭击

bombardment

N

attack with missiles main impact or shock trick shift sham blow

bombard miss 见 blunt

(法文)炮击 send

brunt

N

feint

N

hurtle

V

crash rush

见 hurt

incursion

N

temporary invasion

in cur Vas-=vade-

in run to go (行走) to pluck, (摘,采, 拉)

无懈可击的 剧烈批评 猛烈抨击 打击 (also N)

invulnerable

Adj

incapable of injury criticize harshly striking one object against another sharply stretch out full on ground
24

vulse

pan

V

percussion

Adj

per cuss

thoroughly strike, shake

弄倒 降伏

prostrate

V

prostrate

before spread

(also Adj) 拳击家 猖獗的 滋生的 猛烈的 反责 反击 无懈可击的 unimpeachable Adj recrimination N pugilist rampant N Adj boxer growing in █ profusion unrestrained countercharg es blameless and █ exemplary

见 prostate

recrim un im peach=pedic

back crime not on, upon fetter (脚镣) (使上脚镣)

埋伏 伏击 抢劫

waylay

V

ambush lie in wait

各种“打” : 放倒,打倒

● fell

V

cut or knock down bring down (with a missile)

互见 fall,felt miss send

用拳头打 抛弃前嫌 不打不相识 结为好友 化解冲突 不相容的

pummel

V

beat or pound with fists correct inconsistenci es become friendly after a quarrel reconcil again harmonize

reconcile

V

irreconcilable

Adj

incompatible
25

ir-=il

not

矛盾的

not able to be resolved

reconcil

again harmonize

各种“撞” 撞击 碰撞

impinge

V

infringe touch collide with

im=in pinge

in strike

推,挤 撞

jostle

V

shove bump

各种“推”(其它的见推卸、推迟、推测) 推动,促使 V actuate 推进剂 propellants N

motivate substances that propel or drive forward driving forward pro pell pro puls forward drive forward drive

推进的 有推进力的

propulsive

Adj

各种“挤” 挤压,逼 extrude V force or push out trespass enter as an uninvited person horde preempt N V crowd head off forestall by acting first appropriate
26

ex trud,trus in trud,trus

out to thrust, to push into to thrust, to push

强挤入,侵入 强加于人

intrude

V

拥挤 排挤,代替 阻止 抢占 先发制人

见 horse pre empt before take(预先占有)

(preemptive,A dj) 一大群 挤满,占满,蜂 拥 (also V) swarm N

for oneself ● supplant dense moving crowd large group of honeybees 见 swarm

激怒、激起、挑起、发动、组织、 煽动 盅惑 delude V deceive delud,lus 互见:elude:Vt.: 逃 避 , 躲避 : 【同 】 to escape from someone or something giving chase or searching; especially to use clever tactics to escape from pursuers 煽动政治家 off play

demagogue

N

person who appeals to people's prejudice false leader of people

法文 demos 希腊文 agogue

people leader

鼓动,煽动

foment

V

stir up █ instigate

stig

prick

煽动,刺激,驱 (使)

█ incite

V

arouse to action

in cite

in call,urge

27

goad motivate █ induce to exist 激起,煽动 激怒 煽动的 刺激的 激怒的 激怒 惹 煽动 挑起 (provocation, N provoke V pique V provoke or arouse annoy provocative Adj arousing anger or interest annoying stir to anger cause retaliation advoc,voke to to call; voice advoc,voke to to call; voice

provocative,Ad j) 活跃的 煽动的 rousing Adj lively stirring "' "'

驱使、鼓动 驱使

impel

V

drive or force onward urge start provoke

im-=inpel in stig

on,forward drive in,on prick (刺,戳;刺伤, 刺痛;竖起) forward take (最先去拿)

驱使 激励,鼓动

█ instigate

V

提示 鼓动

prompt

V

cause provoke
28

pro mpt=empt

迅速及时的

provide a cue for an actor

抵抗,反抗 抵抗 不屈服 (defy,V) 免疫 抵抗 反抗的 暴动的 (mutiny, N) 反抗的 顽抗的 recalcitrant Adj █ obstinately stubborn determined to resist authority unruly 抵抗当局 反抗 暴动 sedition N resistance to authority se dit=dict apart say recalcitr back kick (反踢回去) immune Adj defiance N refusal to yield resistance resistant to free or exempt from mutinous Adj unruly rebellious ex empt out take de-=dis fi-=fid apart trust

mute

change

insubordinati on withstand V stand up against successfully resist

抵抗 经受住

造反,反抗,反对 没打烙印的动物 maverick

N

rebel
29

闹独立的人 非国教徒 造反者 造反的,起义的 insurgent Adj rebellious in surge 互见: insurrection 谋反的,造反的 反抗,敌对 (antagonistic,A dj) 反抗,不屈 insubordination N █ antagonism N hostility active resistance disobedience ant-=anti agon(y) against struggle into rise nonconformi st

in sub

not under order thoroughly hold backward act

rebelliousnes s 拒不屈服 反抗 反动的 retroactive Adj pertinacious Adj stubborn persistent of a law that dates back to a period before its enactment

ordin per tin (ten,tain) retroact

(法律)追溯的 (由制定之日前 的某一天生效) 反对,厌恶 ● antipathy N

█ aversion dislike

passi,pati,path

suffer,feelings

反对的

averse

Adj

reluctant disinclined

vers,vert in clin

to turn towards bend 弯曲

反对 阻止

balk

V

foil or thwart stop short refuse to go
30

on 强烈反对 decry V express strong disapproval of █ disparage 反对 犹豫 demur V object (because of doubts, scruples) hesitate 反对 (also N) 不可的,可反对 的 exceptionable Adj objectionable █ dissent V disagree dissent ex cept apart feel(产生别的感觉) out take de-=dis mur互见:demure 端庄 的,认真的,腼腆的 from delay disparapart equal

乱、混乱、暴动、暴乱、灾难、骚动、骚乱、造反,反动, 混乱 Adj in utter chaotic 互见:chaos disorder (chaos, N) 连累,牵连 混乱 (使其) ,麻烦缠 身 激怒 挑起骚动、暴乱 混乱 (使) ,迷惑 (使) 狂乱 frantic Adj wild
31

embroil

V

throw into confusion involve in strife entangle

ferment

N

agitation commotion

fluster

V

confuse

互见:flutter 博动, 跳动

狂乱的

frenzied

Adj

madly excited unrestrained excessive inordin 互见:rival 对手; rave 咆哮 gavelN 棒 槌 unravelV 拆开 解决 not order

紊乱的 不受限制的 混乱 (使) 解开混乱,解决 混乱 混乱的地方 肉铺 有暴风雨的 暴乱的

inordinate

Adj

ravel

V

fall apart into tangles unravel or untwist entangle

shambles

N

wreck mess

互见:sham, shame

tempestuous

Adj

stormy

tempor

time,season,opport unity

impassioned violent 吵闹 混乱 tumult N commotion riot noise 湍流 骚乱 动荡 骚动 混乱 █ turmoil N great commotion and confusion bloody █turbulence N state of violent agitation turb disturb tum to swell (肿胀)

血腥的 扰乱 扰乱 (discomfiture,

gory

Adj

discomfit

V

put to rout defeat
32

N discomfited,Adj ) 扰乱的 沸腾 seethe V

disconcert

be disturbed boil

麻烦、烦恼 总惹麻烦的人, 惹事生非者,捣 乱人 牛蝇 招人烦的人 firebrand N hothead: troublemaker

gadfly

N

animal-biting fly an irritating person

烦恼

harass

V

to annoy by repeated attacks entangle stick in swampy ground 互见:admire 羡慕, 敬佩,欣赏

陷入 (泥塘) 麻烦缠身 (also N) 繁重的 麻烦的 负有义务的 负有法律责任的

mire

V

onerous

Adj

burdensome

oner

burden

压 压不住的,抑制 不住的

irrepressible

Adj

unable to be restrained or held back

ir re press

not back press

33

迫 惊吓 胁迫 压迫 压制 压

daunt

V

█ intimidate frighten

repress

V

restrain crush oppress

re press strain

back press draw tight

各种“逼” 威逼,强迫 (coerce,V) █ coercion N use of force to get someone to obey co-=com erce together restrain

强迫、强制 强制的

compelling

Adj

overpowerin g irresistible in effect

com pell

together drive

强制移除

dislodge

V

remove (forcibly)

dis lodge im portun

apart place not port(不能进港,强要 进港) order, (entrust)

强求 不停的求 强制的,命令的 义不容辞的 强迫性的,入迷 的 出神的 (obsession, N)

importune

V

beg persistently

mandatory

Adj

obligatory

mand

obsessive

Adj

related to thinking about something constantly

ob sess

against sit

preoccupyin
34

g 插手,强入,冲 出 obtrude V push (oneself or one's ideas) forward or intrude butt in stick out or extrude ob trud,trus against to thrust, to push

(obtrusive,Adj)

征服、镇压、压制、摧毁——平息 征服 subjugate V conquer bring under control 镇压 抑制 查禁 suppress V stifle overwhelm subdue inhibit 扑灭 镇压 平息 暴力压制 彻底摧毁 domineer V ● quell V extinguish put down quiet rule over tyrannically destroy completely domtame,rule sup=sub press under press

█ obliterate

V

ob liter

over letter (使盖在文字上 面)

彻底摧毁 摧毁 无效

● raze

V

destroy completely weaken destroy

见 graze,brazen

invalidate

V

in val

not strong, worth

35

(使) 弱化 毁灭,破坏 annihilate V destroy an -nihil毁灭 perdition N damnation complete ruin 极具毁灭性的 ● pernicious Adj very destructive weaken sap 消灭 杜绝 █ preclude V make impossible eliminate pre claus=close=clud= clus before shut,close (在前面 关闭) per dit to nothing away give

per nic

thoroughly kill

破坏

█ undermine

V

失败、不成功、投降 不成功的,失败 abortive (abort,V) 彻底失败 完全失败 完全沉没 挫败 fiasco founder

Adj

unsuccessful fruitless

N V

total failure fail completely sink

见 fiscal,

互见 flounder

baffle

V

frustrate perplex

拉丁文:frustr=in vain

挫败

dishearten

V

discourage cause to lose courage or hope

dis-

apart

打击

foil

V

defeat
36

打败,挫败 烘托 衬托 失败主义者 (also N) defeatist Adj foil N

frustrate contrast

attitude of one who is ready to accept defeat as a natural outcome something that discourages hindrance

互见 defeat

挫败威慑;妨

█ deterrent

N

de terr 互见 deter,deterrence

away from( apart) frighten terrify, terrible,terrific, terror terrorize, terrorism, terrorist

碍物;挽留 的事物
气馁 (使)adj.:

遏制的,威 慑的;制止 的:
阻碍 挫败 阻碍 挫败 导致,促使 击败 盛行 有重罪的人 reprobate N prevail V frustrate V thwart defeat 拉丁文:frustr=in vain

thwart

V

baffle frustrate █ induce triumph over person hardened in
37

互见 thought

preval,vail-

excessively strong(worth)

re-

again

道德败坏的人, 无耻的人 (有条件地)投降

sin, devoid of a sense of decency capitulate V surrender

prob-

try (test,examine)

cap-=capit-

head

撤退、溃逃、隐藏、抓住、审判、判决—俘虏、囚、罪、重罪、罪人,罪犯、共犯、判定为… 人 撤退 (recede,V) recession N withdrawal retreat time of low economic activity 撤退 退却 撤回,撤退 (retraction, N) 撤回 取消 撤退 脱离 (secede,V) 倒退的,退化的 (also Adj) 退缩 retrograde V, Adj. go backwards degenerate wince V shrink back flinch 畏首畏尾,退缩 犹豫 吓跑 赶出 rout V flinch V hesitate, shrink stampede drive out
38

cede, ceed,cess

go, yield

█ repel

V

drive away disgust

re pel re tract reVoc,vokesecess

back drive back draw back to call, voice away yield

█ retract

V

withdraw take back

revoke

V

cancel █ retract

secession

N

withdrawal

retro grade-

backward walk

互见 win, wine,

互见 route,sprout

击退 (also N) 隐退 隔离 sequester V isolate retire from public life segregate seclude se quest sol apart seek(寻求离开) alone

逃——逃跑,叛逃逃避的 缺点 逃跑,叛逃 defection N desertion de sert defect 逃避的 (evade,V) 逃避现实,纸醉 金迷 escapism N evasive Adj not frank eluding avoiding reality by diverting oneself with amusements e-=exvas-=vade es-=exout of one’s cape 迅速脱掉外套 off join from make out to go (行走) out cape: 无袖的短外套

隐藏 藏身之处 睡着的 隐匿的

cache dormant

N Adj

hiding place sleeping █ lethargic latent dormsleep

庇护 隐藏 隐居的居所

harbor

V

provide a refuge for hide

互见 harbinger 先驱

hermitage

N

home of a hermit
39

herm-

孤独

隐匿 藏匿 分泌

secrete

V

hide away produce and release a substance into an organism

se cret 互见 secret

apart separate

裹尸 隐藏

shroud

V

hide from view wrap for burial

互见 should,

将来的 隐蔽的 纯粹的,,绝对的 透明的 峻峭的 避开,躲避 偏航,避开 躲避

ulterior

Adj

situated beyond unstated

互见 interior, exterior

sheer

Adj

very thin or transparent very steep absolute

互见 seer, sear,sheep

parry

V

ward off a blow deflect

互见:marry, party

隐秘,隐藏 隐匿,逃避,躲 债 隐秘的 偷偷摸摸,鬼祟 abscond V depart secretly and hide stealthy sneaky ab scond 互见: futile Adj. 无用
的; 无效的; 没有出息的; 琐细的;不重要的

away conceal(隐藏起来) Fertile 美 [?f tl] ? Adj. 肥沃的; 可繁 殖的; 丰富的; [物] 能产生裂变物质的 back shut,close (在前面

█ furtive

Adj

隐遁者 寂寞者

█ recluse

N

hermit loner
40

reclaus=close=clud=

(reclusive,Adj) 隐秘 隐藏 隐蔽行动 secretivenes s stealth N slyness sneakiness

clus

关闭)

抓住,逮,捕 可得到的 █ accessible Adj easy to approach obtainable 逮捕 惧怕 领会 apprehend V arrest (a criminal) dread perceive ap prehend 互见: dread: to seize cess acgo to

n.:

恐惧,可怕 2,
牢牢抓住 V

clench

close tightly grasp

可以得到的 可以抓住的

prehensile

Adj

capable of grasping or holding

prehen

seize

监视、监督,监护 监视 监督 监护 tutelage N surveillance N watching guarding guardianship training

控告,诉讼、起诉? 控告 █ indict

V

charge
41

in

into

起诉 (█ indictment, N) 诉讼 (litigant, N) litigation N lawsuit

dict

say

liti

lawsuit

审问、盘问、调查、 传讯 责问 arraign V charge in court █ indict 审查 (also V) censor N overseer of morals person who reads to eliminate inappropriate remarks 盘问 (secondary meaning) 审问 讯问 interrogate V grill V question severely 互见: arrange in dict 拉丁:censura= opinion 互见: censoriousAdj.批判 的, into say

question closely

interrog

between ask

cross-examin e 侦查 搜出 赶出 侦查 reconnaissance N survey of enemy by soldiers reconnoi42

ferret

V

drive or hunt out of hiding

reconnaiss

again know

tering 质问者 (heckle,V) 调查者 盘问者 inquisitor N heckler N person who harasses others questioner (especially harsh) investigator 问询 质问 调查 投票 (also N) 挖掘 调查 领会 调查,测量 调解,仲裁 调解 仲裁 mediate V settle a dispute through the services of an outsider a person with power to decide a dispute judge 仲裁者 (arbitration,
43

互见:hike,hiker,

inquis

into seek

query

N

inquiry question

canvass

V

determine votes, etc

canvas-=vade

??? to go (行走)

delve

V

dig investigate

● fathom

V

comprehend investigate

互见:father

medi

middle

仲裁者

arbiter

N

arbitrator

N

judge

N) 不调和的 荒谬的 (incongruity, N) █ incongruous Adj not fitting absurd

妥协、让步,屈服、屈从、服从、顺从、达成协议——放弃 让步,屈服 勉强,让步,屈 从 让步 给与 割让 给予 █ concede V admit yield concession N an act of yielding yielding to another ceding bestow V give be stow 放弃 屈服于 投降 cede V yield (title, territory) to surrender formally 伤自尊 委屈 chagrin N vexation (caused by humiliation or injured pride) cede, ceed,cess upon put go, yield cess yield cede, ceed,cess go, yield

cession

N

cess

yield

disappointme nt
44

屈服,屈尊

deign

V

condescend stoop

de scend disclaim re cant

down climb negate cry back sing

放弃 宣布放弃

● recant

V

disclaim or disavow █ retract a previous statement openly confess error

屈服的 柔和的 减弱的 屈服的 胆怯的 屈服 屈从 死 暂时放弃 屈从 屈服 放弃

subdued

Adj

less intense quieter

sub

under

█ submissive

Adj

yielding timid

sub miss suc=sub cumb

under send under lie down(横躺)

succumb

V

yield give in die

waive

V

give up temporarily yield

互见: wave,naive

yield

V

give in surrender

互见:field,shield

顺从 有服从义务的, 随时服从的 amenable Adj readily managed willing to be led readiness to yield conformity in fulfilling
45

a-=admen

to lead

顺从

█ compliance

N

compli

with fill

requirements 顺从 compliant Adj yielding compli with fill 互见:pliant pliable down carry (拿到人之下) 互见: deference,differ,infer teach

听从,服从,顺 从

defer

V

give in respectfully submit obedient easily managed

defer

驯服的,听话的 善良的,(可教 的) (docility, N) 谦卑的,驯服的 温和的 顺从的 顺从的

docile

Adj

doc-

meek

Adj

quiet and obedient spiritless flexible easily influenced accepting one's fate unresisting patiently █ submissive

互见:seek

pliant

Adj

pli

fill 互见:compliant

认命,顺从 听天由命 (resignation, N) 柔顺的 顺从的 柔韧的 委屈 冤情 不平

█ resigned

Adj

resign passi,pati,path

again mark suffer,feelings

supple

Adj

flexible pliant cause of complaint

pli sup-=sub-

fill 互见:compliant under

grievance

N

互见 grief N.

服从,驯服 野生的,未驯服 的 按不住的

feral

Adj

not domestic wild

refractory

Adj

stubborn

re-

back

46

不服气的 倔强的 不妥协 不让步 (intransigent, Adj) 遗弃的 废弃的 (also N) jettison V derelict Adj intransigence N

unmanageabl e refusal of any compromise stubbornness abandoned negligent

fractory

break

derelict

down relinquish (放弃)

抛弃货物

throw overboard

更多的“放弃” 放弃权利, 辞职, abdicate 退位

V

█ renounce give up

abdic

from proclaim (宣称离开 某地) fully alone

放弃

desolate

V

rob of joy lay waste to forsake

de sol

放弃

forgo

V

give up do without

互见:fargoing Adj. 范围广泛的 for sake away from strive

放弃

forsake

V

desert abandon █ renounce

放弃

forswear

V

█ renounce abandon

for swear re nounce re

away from swear back report back

放弃 断绝关系 (renunciation,

█ renounce

V

abandon disown █ repudiate
47

N) 放弃,投降投降 render 或交出, (另外意 思:熔解,精炼, 打底) V deliver provide represent

pudi 互见:sender

be ashamed

(另外:呈递,开账 单,给予,还以,报 (另外意思:描写以文 以;放弃;正式宣布; 字形式表现,描绘, 裁决) 以图像或绘画表现, 演奏,诠释,翻译 成为(使))

发誓放弃 (abjuration, N)

abjure

V

█ renounce upon oath

abjur

away swear

不妥协,不让步,不屈,不服从, 硬脖子 headstrong 任性 不屈 不情愿的屈服, 放弃 (某物) relinquish

Adj

stubborn willful unyielding

V

give up something with reluctance yield

re linquish derelict

back leave 互见:derelict

刚硬的 不屈的

rigid

Adj

stiff and unyielding strict hard and unbending

不服从的 倔强的

unruly

Adj

disobedient lawless

达成 协议,草案,议 定书

protocol

N

diplomatic etiquette

prot(o)col

first 最初/原型的 glue (最先粘上去的)

48

平息 扑灭 镇压 平息 结束 平息 消除 伺候舒服 下沉 平息 减退

● quell

V

extinguish put down quiet

que=quie 互见:quall 海蛰

quiet

slake

V

quench sate

互见:snake

subside

V

settle down descend grow quiet

de scend sub side

down climb down sit

弄湿,扑灭,熄灭 弄湿 扑灭 熄灭 淬火 浸泡 弄湿 弄灭 浸泡,弄湿 陡坡 悬崖 窒息 (使) 扑灭 stifle V suppress extinguish inhibit
49

quench

V

douse or extinguish ● assuage or satisfy

douse

V

plunge into water drench extinguish

见 dose,house

steep

V

soak █ saturate

见 seep——sip

保护免于灭绝

█ perpetuate

V

make something last preserve from extinction

per petu

thorough strive

不屈服的 不可被征服的 去不掉的 不可磨灭的 禁止

indomitable

Adj

unconquerab le unyielding

in dom-

not tame,rule

indelible

Adj

not able to be erased ostracize banish outlaw

in dele pro scribe 见 prescribe

not delete forth, publicly write (把罪犯的名字 公布出来——禁止某 事)

proscribe

V

减轻,减缓,中和 弱化 减轻 减轻 减缓 中和 减轻 (palliative,Adj) palliate V lessen the violence of (a disease) █ alleviate moderate intensity gloss over with excuses █ mitigate V extenuate V weaken █ mitigate █ appease moderate ex tenu out thin

50

减轻,缓解 宽恕,减刑

● remission

N

temporary moderation of disease symptoms cancellation of a debt forgiveness or pardon

remiss

back send

可宽恕的

venial

Adj

forgivable trivial

定罪,深信,信服 定罪 深信,信服 █ conviction N judgment that someone is guilty of a crime strongly held █ belief conVict,vinc 互见:convince V. thoroughly to conquer (征服)

背叛 变节者,脱党 者,叛徒 (apostasy, N)

apostate

N

one who abandons his religious faith or political █ beliefs be unfaithful reveal (unconsciou sly or unwillingly)

apo sta

away from.off stand

出卖 背叛

betray

V

be tray

upon hand over

背信弃义的 不忠的 (perfidy, N)

perfidious

Adj

treacherous disloyal

per fid

away trust

51

变节者 (also Adj) 叛徒 叛逆者

renegade

N

deserter traitor

reneg

back deny

turncoat

N

traitor

犯罪 犯罪分子 malefactor N evildoer criminal 犯罪 transgression N violation of a law sin 谋反的,造反的 insurrection N rebellion uprising in surrect (surge) bell 互见: insurgence against rise war male fact transgress badly make,do across walk

罪,(轻罪、重罪) 牵连,牵扯 implicate (犯罪) 暗示 轻罪 misdemeanor

V

incriminate show to be involved

im-=in plic

into fold

N

minor crime

互见 demean 降 级,贬低; misdemeanor 轻罪 pecc sin 犯罪

轻罪,轻微冒犯 重罪犯

peccadillo felon

N N

slight offense person convicted of a grave crime

赎罪,开脱
52

无罪开释 (acquit,V) 赎罪

acquittal

N

deliverance from a charge make amends for (a sin)

ac-=adquit expi

to free, release appease

expiate

V

开脱,免罪

█ exonerate

V

acquit exculpate

exoner ac-=adquit

out burden to free, release out guilt (使脱罪); blame

开脱,洗脱

exculpate

V

clear from blame

exculp

替罪羊

scapegoat

N

someone who bears the blame for others

犯。共犯、同伙 犯 perpetrate 共犯,共同

V

commit an offense participation involvement complic (ple,pli,ply) ac complic (ple,pli,ply) together fold (重叠) to together fold (重叠) again cut

complicity

N

共犯,同伙

accomplice

N

partner in crime

累犯 惯犯

recidivism

N

habitual return to crime

re cid

团伙,伙伴 小集团

junta

N

group of men
53

政治团伙

joined in political intrigue cabal

伙伴 同盟,集合

coalition

N

partnership league union

co alition=alesce

together grow up

灾,灾难,意外事件 灾难,不幸 calamity N disaster misery 巨变 剧变 灾难 (cataclysmic,A dj) 灾难 catastrophe N calamity disaster cata stroph down,downwards, fully turning cataclysm N upheaval deluge cata clysm down,downwards, fully wash (冲刷而下) misermisery (一起受难)

意外 小概率事件

fluke

N

unlikely occurrence stroke of fortune

互见:flute

意外,灾难

mishap

N

accident

mishap

bad luck

欺骗 欺骗,骗住 消磨时间

● beguile

V

mislead or delude
54

delud,lus

off play

pass time 骗 bilk V swindle cheat 虚伪 欺骗 悬崖 bluff N pretense (of strength) deception high cliff 哄骗,勾引 (█ cajolery, N) 强辩,狡辩 欺骗 欺骗 chisel V chicanery N █ cajole V coax wheedle de cept away take

trickery deception swindle or cheat cut with a chisel

de cept 互见:chisel 凿子

away take

欺骗的

fraudulent

Adj

cheating deceitful

易受骗的 欺骗,迷惑,蛊 惑

█ gullible

Adj

easily deceived deceive delude hood:罩上;以头巾 覆盖 wink: V. 眨眼;使眼 色;闪烁 delud,lus off play

hoodwink

V

伪善 欺骗 (hypocrisy,

█ hypocritical

Adj

pretending to be virtuous deceiving

hypocrit

under judge

55

N) 欺骗 瞒骗 骗子 吹嘘的人 伪造的,欺骗的 ● spurious Adj quack N outwit V outsmart trick ● charlatan impostor false counterfeit forged illogical 骗子 哄骗 诱骗 swindler N cheat 动词:swindle— dwindle 互见:needle 针 flat blow 互见: spur: 鞭策, 刺激 out wit beyond, out wisdom

wheedle

V

█ cajole coax deceive by flattery

诈 奸诈,狡猾;伪 善,两面三刀, 两面派,口是心 非,言行不一

█ duplicity

N

double-dealin g hypocrisy

hypocrit du plic

under judge two fold out twist

敲诈,勒索

extort

V

wring from get money by threats, etc

extort

抢劫 诈骗 讼棍 政界的奸诈之徒

fleece

V

rob plunder

互见: flee 逃跑, 消 散 互见: shy

shyster

N

lawyer using questionable methods
56

虚、无、假、伪装、不真实——真实——诚实—— 撒谎 撒谎 误导 equivocate V lie mislead attempt to conceal the truth 撒谎成性的 撒谎的,假的 撒谎 支吾,搪塞 糊弄 mendacious Adj lying habitually dishonest prevaricate V lie pre var before diverse(不同的); to change (变化) equ,equi voc-ate equal Voice v.

mend

fault(缺点)

虚有、虚幻、华而不实的 虚伪 bluff 欺骗 悬崖

N

pretense (of strength) deception high cliff

互见: buff: N. 浅黄 色;软皮; (俚)健康 的身体 V. 有软皮摩擦;缓 冲;擦亮,抛光某物

华而不实的

gaudy

Adj

flashy showy

虚幻的,不真实 的

█ illusory

Adj

deceptive not real

il-=inlus de cept

on upon play away take into blow

夸张的, 虚华的, inflated 被放大的

Adj

exaggerated pompous enlarged
57

in flat

(with air or gas) 无实体的,虚无 的 脆弱的,不坚固 的 曲解 海市蜃楼 虚影 虚无主义者 (nihilism, N) nihilist N mirage N insubstantial Adj lacking substance insignificant frail unreal reflection optical illusion one who █ believes traditional █ beliefs to be groundless and existence meaningless absolute █ skeptic revolutionary terrorist 空虚的 空的,愚蠢的, 闲散的 有效的 实质的 虚的 不存在 nonentity N virtual Adj vacuous Adj empty █ inane vac,van,void empty -nihilterrnothing frighten mirwhonder, behold sub stant under stand

in essence for practical purposes person of no importance 互见: none

nonexistence

58

存在 生存

subsistence

N

existence means of support livelihood

现存的

extant

Adj

still in existence

互见:extent

假、伪装、伎俩 (另见假定假设假想等) 假的,做作的 (affectation, N) affected Adj artificial pretended assumed in order to impress ● apocryphal Adj untrue made up 废物 糠 假货 开玩笑 打趣 假人 (被人憎恨的,如 秦桧) 假的 误导的 (fallacy, 假装 捏造 假的,淡的,不 feint N trick
59

affect im press apo

to make in press away from, off

假的,捏造的

chaff

N

worthless products of an endeavor

de-

from

effigy

N

dummy

ef-=exfig(figure)

out shape,figure

█ fallacious

Adj

false misleading

fall

deceive 欺骗

N) feign V pretend feign fict 假装

feign

fict 假装

鲜明的 佯攻 (also V) 伎俩 小聪明 (also V) 撒谎成性的 撒谎的,假的 显然的 虚假的 mendacious Adj hoax N

shift sham blow

trick practical joke

互见:coax V. 哄 骗;劝诱;慢慢将? 弄好

lying habitually dishonest

mend

fault (缺点)

ostensible

Adj

apparent professed pretended

os tens

before stretch

假正经的 假装神圣的

sanctimonious

Adj

displaying █ ostentatious or █ hypocritical devoutness contradict give a false impression

sancthypocrit

sacred under judge

掩饰,造成假象 矛盾

█ belie

V

赝品,假冒伪劣 赝品 bogus Adj counterfeit not authentic 佯装 假的 赝品 (also N) sham V pretend

互见: shame;
shambles 混乱的 地方;肉铺

60

以次充好的 赝品

shoddy

Adj

sham not genuine inferior

冒充者 冒名顶替的人

impostor

N

someone who assumes a false identity

im pos-

not place; put

似真实假的,似是而非的 似真实假的 sophistry N seemingly plausible but █ fallacious reasoning having a show of truth but open to doubt specious 似是而非的 specious Adj seemingly reasonable but incorrect misleading (often intentionally) 见:sophistry 似真实假的 spec see,look soph fall wise, wisdom deceive 欺骗

似是而非的

plausible

Adj

plaud

strike, clap (拍手 称快)

伪、装 (另见装,装饰,单独的搜索“装”) 伪善 黑话 欺骗 伪造的,欺骗的 伪善 cant N insincere expressions
61

互见 can’t

黑话

of █ piety jargon of thieves

cant

sing

伪善 欺骗 (hypocrisy, N) 伪誓 伪证

█ hypocritical

Adj

pretending to be virtuous deceiving

hypocrit

under judge

perjury

N

false testimony while under oath false counterfeit forged illogical

perjur

over swear

伪造的,欺骗的

● spurious

Adj

互见: spur: 鞭策, 刺激

伪装,做作,掩饰 伪装 camouflage V disguise conceal 伪装,做作,掩 饰 伪装,做作,掩 饰 dissemble V disguise pretend dissimulate V pretend conceal by feigning dissemble feign dissimul 互见: dissimilate 使 异化,变得不同 not same (使变得不像) fict 假装 not same

模仿 模仿 仿效

ape

V

imitate or mimic imitate
62

█ emulate

V

互见:

抗衡 模仿 拙劣的模仿

rival

simulate,dissimula te,

mimicry ● parody

N N

imitation humorous imitation spoof takeoff travesty par=para ody beside ode(诗歌)

摹写 模仿

pastiche

N

imitation of another's style in musical composition or in writing feign

past

pass

模仿 冒充

simulate

V

feign 互见: dissimulate 伪装,做作,掩饰; stimulate

fict 假装

滑稽化 滑稽模仿

travesty

N

comical ● parody treatment aimed at making something appear ridiculous

tra-=trans vest

across dress (刻意装扮以 引人嘲笑)

独一无二的,独特的 防伪的,难以模仿的 独一无二的,独 特的 防伪的,难以模 仿的 inimitable Adj matchless not able to be imitated inimit

63

真实、正经、诚实——撒谎,正直——虚伪 确实 N ● certitude certainty 难以臵信的 不像是真的 unbelievable 实际的 注重实效的 █ pragmatic Adj practical (as opposed to idealistic) concerned with the practical worth or impact of something 真实的 有实质的 大量的 substantive Adj essential pertaining to the substance █ implausible Adj unlikely

cert 互见:plausible 似 是而非的

sure plaud: strike,clap (拍手称快)

互见:pragmatist 爱 管闲事的人 实用主义者

sub stant

under stand

互见:
insubstantive,insu bstantial tang palp touch touch

可触摸的 真实的

tangible

Adj

able to be touched real palpable

真实性 真实 准确性 逼真

truism

N

self-evident truth truthfulness ver true

veracity

N

verisimilitude

N

appearance of truth likelihood

ver simil

true like

真实

verity

N

quality of being true
64

ver

true

真理 真实的陈述

lasting truth or principle

真诚、坦率 坦诚 直率 直率的 开诚布公 坦率 (candid,Adj) 清晰的 坦率的

artless

Adj

without guile open and honest

artless

skill, art without

bluff

Adj

rough but good-natured frankness open honesty cand white,bright

█ candor

N

explicit

Adj

totally clear definite outspoken

ex plic

out fold

坦率的 豪爽的

forthright

Adj

outspoken

forth

towards

straightforwa rd frank 坦率直言的 outspoken Adj candid blunt in cand out spoken 无知的 轻率的 不知情的 unwitting Adj witless Adj foolish idiotic unintentional not knowing
65

into white,bright beyond speak know personal,distinct know

wit idio wit

正直 垂直 正直 公正

rectitude

N

uprightness moral virtue correctness of judgment

rect

right (straight)

垂直与弯曲 沉着,垂直

aplomb

N

poise assurance

a plom(b)=plum(b)

to vertical

直线 垂直 铅锤 用铅锤量 (also N)

beeline

N

direct, quick route checking perpendicula rity vertical pend: hang, (weigh)悬挂 互见:plume NV 羽 毛(plumage) plumy Adj. 有羽毛 的;用羽毛装饰的; 羽毛似的 plom(b)=plum(b) vertical

plumb

Adj

垂直落下 (N. . 铅锤;坠 子;重压物)

plummet

V

fall sharply

曲 (弯曲的、蜿蜒的,复杂的、迂回的) 弯曲的,钩状的 aquiline Adj curved, hooked tending or leaning toward bent ● meander V wind or turn in its course bending of a
66

aqu(i) 互见:beeline 直线 in clin

water (水线当然是弯 曲的,像钩状的了) towards bend 弯曲的

倾向 倾向于,弯曲 (also V) 弯曲 蜿蜒

inclined

Adj

互见: mean

refraction

N

re-

back

(光线的)折舐, 弯曲 蜿蜒的,复杂的 serpentine Adj

ray of light

fract

break

winding twisting

蜿蜒的 弯曲复杂的 不老实的

sinuous

Adj

winding bending in and out not morally honest

sinu

curve,sinus (弯曲 的)

暗示,含沙舐影 慢慢的夺取,巧 妙的迂回 (进入) 曲折的,蜿蜒的

insinuate

V

hint imply creep in

insinu

into curve,sinus (拐弯 抹角地进入)

tortuous

Adj

winding full of curves

tort

twist

迂回的 (circuit, N)

circuitous

Adj

roundabout

circ it

ring go

倾向 倾向 偏见

partiality

N

inclination bias

part in clin

part towards bend 弯曲 punish sing

倾向 趣味 倾向 自然倾向 倾向于

penchant

N

strong inclination liking

pen chant,cant, cent

proclivity

N

inclination natural tendency

pro cliv (clin)

forward bend (弯曲)

prone

Adj

inclined to
67

互见:pruneV.切掉

prostrate 自然倾向 propensity N natural inclination

修剪 pro pens forward weigh (向前方垂直 _倾向)

向、动作方向 向上 aloft ad V upward 互见: 、aloof .loft 高(地位). lofty 高 高在上的

竖立的

bristling

Adj

rising like bristles showing irritation

向心

centripetal

Adj

tending toward the center coming from the side get one's bearings Adjust

centri pet later

center seek (求取中心) side 侧面

侧面的,侧向的 确定方向 校准 插入鞘 转向 突然转向 转向

lateral

Adj

orient

V

ori-

rise,begin

sheathe

V

place into a case deviate turn aside sharply

swerve

V

veer

V

change in direction

互见:peerVi. 凝视, 盯着看;窥视 vt. 封为贵族; 与?同 等 n. 贵族;同等的人


68

倾斜

careen

V

lurch sway from side to side

互见: career 生涯, 经历,职业

倾斜,斜面

incline

N

slope slant

in clin

towards bend 弯曲

倾斜 (secondary meaning) 间接的 倾斜的 无诚意的

list

V

tilt lean over

oblique

Adj

indirect slanting (deviating from the perpendicular or from a straight line)

ob lique

towards bent

歪斜

askew

Adj

crookedly slanted at an angle

互见:ask

靠着的 斜躺的 不动的 休息的 斜面 斜坡

recumbent

Adj

reclining lying down completely or in part

recumb

back lie down

ramp

N

slope inclined plane

各种地形: 坡、峡谷、深渊 上山的陡坡 acclivity N sharp upslope of a
69

ac=ad cliv (clin)

to bend (弯曲)

hill 下坡 declivity N downward slope small, steep-walled canyon de cliv (clin) 法文 gorge 互见: )gorgeous 华 丽的,灿烂的(志得 意满时放大喉咙) ) disgorge 吐出, 涌出, 呕吐 互见: chase a byss withoug bottom down bend (弯曲) throat (喉咙)

峡谷

gorge

N

深渊 ,深坑,无底洞

chasm abyss

N N

abyss enormous chasm vast bottomless pit

陡峭的 急躁的 下降 下坠 津 浅滩 (also V) 码头

precipitous

Adj

steep overhasty

precipitprecipit-

before head before head

precipitate

V

throw headlong hasten

ford

N

place where a river can be crossed on foot dock landing place

quay

N

干枯的河床 岬 海角

arroyo promontory

N N

gully headland pro mont=mount forward ascend (向前突出 的部分)

70

群岛

archipelago

N

group of closely located islands border edge

arch

ruler,(chief,first in power)

边界 (also V) 边界 郊区 外围 邻近的,毗邻的

verge

N

verg

to incline (倾向, 倾斜)

outskirts

N

fringes outer borders

Adjacent

Adj

Adjoining neighboring close by

毗邻

abut

V

border upon Adjoin

互见:but

接近 亲近 接近的 附近的 接手

█ proximity

N

nearness

proxim

nearest

impending

Adj

nearing approaching

im pend an-=ad nex=nect

on hang (weigh) to bind (连接)

annex

V

attach take possession of

油碎石路面 铺有柏油碎石的 飞机跑道 拱廊

tarmac

tar n. 焦油; 柏油; 水 手 vt. 涂以焦油;玷

arcade

N

a covered passageway, usually lined with shops

庇护所、避难所
71

庇护所

asylum

N

place of refuge or shelter protection

避难所

sanctuary

N

refuge shelter shrine holy place

sanct-

sacred

庇护 隐藏

harbor

V

provide a refuge for hide

互见 harbinger 先驱

各种点 顶点

acme

N

top pinnacle

高点,顶点,高 潮

apex

N

tip summit climax

顶点

apogee

N

highest point

apogee-

away from,off earth lean to max

顶点的,高潮的 (climax, N)

climactic

Adj

relating to the highest point support on which a lever rests peak

clim

fulcrum (杠杆的)支点 顶尖 顶点 巅峰 summit pinnacle

N

N

N

utmost height or
72

summ

sum,(highest)

顶点

pinnacle highest point (of a mountain, etc

顶点 顶点

vertex

N

summit

vert

turn(上升物往下转 变的那一点)

zenith

N

point directly overhead in the sky summit

谷底,最低点 天底 小半点

nadir

N

lowest point

mote

N

small speck

缺点、缺陷、弱点、污点 污染 defile 亵渎 缺点 弱点 没有缺点 █ impeccable foible

V

pollute █ profane

N

weakness slight fault

Adj

faultless

im-=inpecc

not sin 犯罪

责任 缺点 债 缺陷

liability

N

drawback debts

● pitfall

N

hidden danger concealed trap

fall

deceive 欺骗

污染,感染

taint

V

contaminate
73

污点

cause to lose purity modify with a trace of something bad

线 弹弓 弹舐器 (also V) 灯丝 精细的织物或线

catapult

N

slingshot a hurling machine

cata pult

down,downwards, fully brandish(挥, 舞动) (高飞后落下)

filament

N

fine thread or fiber threadlike structure within a light bulb

弹道 轨迹 抛物线 外围的 切线的

trajectory

N

path taken by a projectile

traject throw (抛于眼前的 东西) apart walk touch

tangential

Adj

█ peripheral only slightly connected digressing

di-=disgress tang

外围的

█ peripheral

Adj

marginal outer

终点站 (铁路线)

terminus

N.

last stop of railroad.

term

boundary

形容“线” : 断开

disjointed

Adj

disconnected
74

断断续续 间歇 平行状态 相似的 断断续续的 间歇的

● fitful

Adj

spasmodic intermittent

parallelism

N

state of being parallel similarity

par=para allel

beside(against,bey ond,contrary) one another

spasmodic

Adj

● fitful periodic

面、网、膜 对立面对偶, 对 句,对语;对比 法,对照,对抗

antithesis

N

contrast direct opposite of or to

弹幕,火力网

barrage

N

barrier laid down by artillery fire front (of building) █ superficial or false appearance fac superfic face,forehead above face

正面的 表面的,肤浅的

facade

N

facet (宝石的)琢面 方面 多面的

N

small plane surface (of a gem) a side

multifaceted

Adj

having many aspects thin soft sheet of animal or vegetable
75

membrane (动植物的)膜, 薄膜

N

(membranous, Adj)

tissue

片、块、板、条、只、个、堆、屑、碎、末 单片的,单块的 monolithic Adj solidly uniform 一体不动摇的 unyielding 碎片 残骸 碎片 碎片 (陶瓷的) 薄板 外表 veneer N rubble N broken fragments fragment, generally of pottery thin layer cover debris N rubble

shard

N

各种斑点、条纹 有条纹或斑点的 brindled

Adj

tawny or grayish with streaks or spots spotted spot

有斑点的 斑点 (使)起) 有斑点的 弄脏的 花斑的 斑驳的 有细条纹的

dappled fleck

Adj V

mottled

Adj

blotched in coloring spotted

piebald

Adj

mottled spotted

striated

Adj

marked with parallel
76

(striate,V)

bands grooved

表示空间的“宽度、周长” 宽度 breadth N width extent 周长 空间的 perimeter N outer boundary relating to space

spatial

Adj

宽敞 宽敞的 宽敞,舒适

capacious commodious

Adj Adj

spacious spacious and comfortable

包围 包围 围绕的,卷绕的 费解的 encompass convoluted V Adj surround coiled around involved intricate 领域 领域 realm N kingdom field or sphere 整个领域 gamut N entire range con volu together to roll (卷,滚)

范围 地方的 小范围内流行 (N.地方病)

endemic

Adj

prevailing among a specific group of people or in a
77

en dem

in people

specific area or country 范围 程度 extent N degree magnitude scope 发生 发生率 影响的范围、频 度 入舐角 关联,相结合, 对接 范围 latitude N freedom from narrow limitations tie with a rope incidence N rate of occurrence particular occurrence

用绳子绑 范围

tether

V

个体 残杀 (十个里面杀一 个) 一次一个的,逐 个的 渐渐的 碎的 主观的 个人的

decimate

V

kill, usually one out of ten one piece at a time gradually

piecemeal

ad

V

subjective

Adj

occurring or taking place within the subject unreal
78

sub ject

under throw (抛于眼前的 东西)

实体、物体 稀释 (气体) (● rarefy,V) 非物质的,无形 的 无实体的

rarefied

Adj

made less dense (of a gas]

incorporeal

Adj

lacking a material body

corp 互见:corporeal sub stant

body

insubstantial 无形的,不成形 的

under stand

● amorphous

Adj

formless lacking shape or definition

实体 天窗

entity dormer

N N

real being window projecting from roof heavenly dormsleep

天体的 n.:

celestial

Adj

神仙,天堂 里的居民
星体的 恒星的 stellar Adj pertaining to the stars

圆 椭圆的 有意模棱两可的

elliptical

Adj

Oval █ ambiguous, either purposely or because key
79

ambi-

about,around, on both side

words have been left out periphery (圆形的)边缘 N edge, especially of a round surface distance around something circumferaround, round about carry

方圆 周围环境

girth

N

circumferenc e 日志 圆木 log N record of a voyage or flight record of day to day activities



预感、预言、预兆、预示、预告、预知、预先、恶兆 不详的预感 N foreboding premonition of evil 预感 presentiment N feeling something will happen anticipatory fear premonition 有威胁的 恶兆的
80

fore bode present

before foreshadow,预兆 before feel (事先的感觉)

█ ominous

Adj

threatening

omen

预兆

预示 预示 表示 betoken V signify indicate
? ?
证的

互见:token
n. 表征;代币;记号 Adj. 象征的; 表意的; 作为对某事的保

?

vt. 象征;代表

预示的

indicative

Adj

suggestive implying

预示

portend

V

foretell presage

por tend pre sage sage:智者,圣人

towards stretch before perceive

预示

presage

V

foretell

预示能力

prescience

N

ability to foretell the future

pre sci

before know

预言 占卜 预言 (augur,V) 预兆

augury

N

omen prophecy

augur augural a.占卜的, 预 言的

占卜

bode

V

foreshadow portend

预知 预言者 (clairvoyance, N) 预言 预测

clairvoyant

Adj N

having foresight

clairvoy way

fortuneteller. foreshadow V give an indication beforehand
81

prefigure

before shape

portend prefigure 预言 疾病警告 prognosis N forecasted course of a disease prediction 预言的 (prophesy,V) prophetic Adj foretelling the future pro gnos before know(事先知道)

预先 预先计划好的, 算好的 合适的 安排妥当 预定 预先确定

█ calculated

Adj

deliberately planned likely

ensconce

V

settle comfortably predestine settle or decide beforehand influence markedly term boundary

predetermine

V

预先安排,偏向 于 (使其)

predispose

V

give an inclination toward make █ susceptible to

pos-

place; put

偏见的 有目标的 预计好的

tendentious

Adj

having an aim biased designed to further a
82

cause 预见 运用直觉,超能 力 预见 倾向 偏见 divine V perceive intuitively foresee the future partiality N inclination bias part part

开始、起点、初、头 开始旅程,开 embark 始, 登机, 上船, 上车

V

commence go on board a boat or airplane begin a journey

开始,开端

inception

N

start beginning

in cept

on take (着手,启程)

开始 早期的 开始,发源

incipient

Adj

beginning in an early stage

initiate

V

begin originate receive into a group

ori-

rise,begin

开始,发作,肇 端 攻击 恢复

onset

N

beginning attack

resumption

N

taking up
83

re

again,back

重新开始 (resume,V)

again

recommence ment 登陆 靠岸 disembark V go ashore unload cargo from a ship scuttle V sink

sume (sump,sumpt,sump tu)

take

沉没

原始 原来的,土著的 (aborigines, N)

aboriginal

Adj N

being the first of its kind in a region primitive native

origin-

beginning

胚胎的 未开发的,原始 的 原始的 与时间同在的

embryonic

Adj

undeveloped rudimentary

primordial

Adj

existing at the beginning (of time) rudimentary

原始的 最初的 原来的

rudimentary

Adj

not developed elementary crude

rud

raw

原形、原型 原形 archetype N prototype
84

arch-

ancient, first (first

primitive pattern 原型 prototype N original work used as a model by others proto-

in time) 古代,最先

first

祸根、发源,源头、起因于 祸根 bane N cause of ruin curse 发源,源头 genesis N beginning origin 起因于 引起 引起 触发 扳机 劝诱 导致,引起 (█ inducement, N) █ induce V persuade bring about in duce=duct in lead trigger V set off stem from V arise from

互见:bone 用最熟 悉的词去记新词
genproduce,race

结束、终、末、最后、尾 结果,产物 corollary

N

consequence

con sequ

together follow

accompanim ent 结局 结果 denouement N outcome final development of the plot of
85

a play 解散 终止 解体 结论,结尾,结 局 结束 (terminate,V) 终极的 ultimate Adj final not █ susceptible to further analysis 结果 upshot N outcome sus-=sub cept under take (被放到~之下 ——蒙受) dissolution N breaking of a union decay termination finale N conclusion 互见:final fin: end 结束 termination N end term boundary

概括,总结,结算,累计 概括 总结 recapitulate V summarize re cap-=capit互见 capitulate 结算 累计 总结 summation N act of finding the total summary summ sum,(highest) again head

生,活,育、养、复活,生动 得子 产生 beget V father produce give rise to 产生 generate V cause
86

创造

produce create

初生的

nascent

Adj

incipient coming into being

生长 繁荣 装饰

flourish

V

grow well prosper decorate with ornaments

膨胀,迅速生长 猖獗的 滋生的 猛烈的 野生的,未驯服 的 共生现象 (symbiotic,Adj )

mushroom

V

expand or grow rapidly growing in █ profusion

rampant

Adj

unrestrained feral Adj not domestic wild symbiosis N interdepende nt relationship (between groups, species), often mutually beneficial

现象

█ phenomena

N

observable facts subjects of scientific investigation

87

舏生法

regimen

N

prescribed diet and habits occurring again and again wandering traveling cur run

一遍又一遍发 生的 循环发生的 巡回的 (also N) 复活 (resurgence, N) 凤凰 (象征不死和重 生、涅磐) 生理学的

recurrent

Adj

itinerant

Adj

resurge

V

rise again flow to and fro

surge 互见: 谋反的,造 反的 mort

rise insurrection

phoenix

N

symbol of immortality or rebirth pertaining to the science of the function of living organisms a person concerned with the interrelations hip between living organisms and their environment study of prehistoric life animal or plant living
88

death

physiological

Adj

生态学家

ecologist

N

古生物学

paleontology

N

寄生 寄生体;依人为

parasite

N

parasite-

equal food (靠近食物旁

生者

on another toady █ sycophant

边)

强壮——健壮、结实、健康、精神、神情、气色、面色红润、神采奕奕 强壮的肌肉 N brawn muscular 互见:brown (brawny,Adj) 魁伟,结实 strength sturdiness burly Adj husky muscular 紧密的,结实的 compact Adj tightly packed firm brief 雄伟的 厚重的 结实的 纪念的 健壮的 █ robust Adj █ vigorous strong 红的,红润的, 白里透红的,健 康的 结实 硬朗的 矮壮的 又短又厚的 蹲着的 squat Adj ruddy Adj reddish healthy-looki ng toughstrong and firm stocky short and thick sine Vig,veg lively(快活的,有生 气的) monumental Adj massive monu ment advise n.

sinewy

Adj

89

男子的 男子气概的

virile

Adj

manly

virtue

美德

精神、精力 精神充沛的 (also N) 精神错乱

tonic

Adj

Vig,veg

lively(快活的,有生 气的) tone

lively(快活的,有生 气的)

delirium

N

mental disorder marked by confusion

生动的,生机勃勃的, 活跃的,有生气 animated 的 对健康有益的, 利于养生的 充满生气的 活泼的 敏捷的 重要的 生命的 生机的 vital salubrious

Adj

lively spirited

anim

breath (mind)

Adj

healthful

sal,(san)

whole (健全)

spry

Adj

█ vigorously active nimble

Vig,veg

lively(快活的,有生 气的)

Adj

vibrant and lively critical living, breathing

生动的

vivacious

Adj

animated lively

viv anim

to live (生活,生存) breath (mind)

养育 alimony (离婚后的) 生活 费,抚养费 N payment by a husband to his divorced
90

wife (or vice versa) 娇养,溺爱 coddle V to treat gently 互见:cod N. [鱼] 鳕 鱼;愚弄;哄骗 V. 欺 骗;愚弄

粗饲料 饲养 养育,培养 鼓励 (also Adj) 养育 教育 (also N) 能养活的 可行的

fodder

N

coarse food for cattle, horses, etc rear encourage

█ foster

V

█ nurture

V

nourish educate █ foster

● viable

Adj

practical or workable capable of maintaining life

营养的 营养品

alimentary

Adj

supplying nourishment nourishing substance

nutrient

N

有礼貌的,文雅和,有教养的 彬彬有礼 殷勤 整齐的,优雅的 礼貌 complaisant Adj trying to please obliging dapper █ decorum Adj N neat and trim propriety
91

温文尔雅 (decorous,Adj)

orderliness and good taste in manners demure Adj grave serious coy gentility N those of gentle birth refinement 互见: demur V. 反对 犹豫

端庄的 认真的 腼腆的 有教养,文雅

文雅的 高雅的 彬彬有礼的 (urbanity, N)

urbane

Adj

suave refined elegant

轻率的,没礼貌的 轻率的,没礼貌 的,嬉皮笑脸的 轻率的 flippant Adj lacking proper seriousness hasty rash 轻率的,判断错 误的 im█ prudent Adj lacking caution injudicious 轻率 莽撞 (indiscreet,Adj) 俗气的人,无教 养的人 心胸狭窄的人 philistine N indiscretion N lack of tactfulness or sound judgment narrow-mind ed person, uncultured and exclusively
92

headlong

Adj

pru=pro

before

tact

touch

phi

love

interested in material gain 不体面的 unseemly Adj unbecoming indecent in poor taste

老、年纪、年长,陈腐,衰老,衰弱、衰退 返祖 隔代遗传 atavism N resemblance to remote ancestors rather than to parents deformity returning after passage of two or more generations 老化,磨损 decrepit Adj worn out by age state of collapse caused by illness or old age long life woman who rules a family or larger social group make young again matr arch mother ruler,(chief,first in power) again young de cre de cre down make,grow down make,grow

衰老 老耄

decrepitude

N

长命不老 女家长 掌管全家的老 太婆 返老还童 青春重回

longevity matriarch

N N

rejuvenate

V

re juven

衰退,衰落
93

衰退 (also N) 萎缩 衰退 (flagging,Adj)

ebb

V

recede lessen

recede, ceed,cess

back go, yield

flag

V

droop grow feeble

drooping: a.: 下垂的,无力的 2,

超越 衰落 失色

eclipse

V

darken extinguish █ surpass

衰弱 软弱的 无活力的 虚弱 (使) ,衰弱 衰弱,萧条

flaccid

Adj

flabby

● debilitate

V

weaken enfeeble

languor

N

● lassitude depression

de press

down press

弱的,脆弱的 萎缩,变得没用 (also V) 变弱 (使) 弱的 (frailty, N) 无能的 弱的 impotent Adj weak ineffective potent powerful frail Adj weak enervate V weaken ● atrophy N wasting away

94

无效的,弱的

ineffectual

Adj

not effective weak

ineffect 互见 effectual

not to make

弱点 无力的,憔悴的

infirmity languish

N V

weakness lose animation lose strength

纤细的 脆弱的

wispy

Adj

thin slight barely discernible

减少 变弱

wane

V

decrease in size or strength draw gradually to an end

苍白的 苍白的 wan Adj having a pale or sickly color pallid 苍白的,惨淡的 pallid Adj pale wan

生老病 (疾症患伤)死 (魔鬼神怪)苦、困难奇异怪、地狱、阴森 病,疾,患,症、瘦、肥胖、致命——治疗、治愈、包治百病、无可救药,
95

生病 预防

forestall

V

prevent by taking action in advance forecasted course of a disease prediction

fore stall pro gnos

before place before know(事先知道)

预言 疾病警告

prognosis

N

完蛋了的 生病了的

● blighted

Adj

suffering from a disease destroyed

不适,欠佳

malaise

N

uneasiness vague feeling of ill health

malaise

ill comfort

病态的,恐怖的 喜怒无常的 不成熟的

morbid

Adj

given to unwholesom e thought moody characteristic of disease

易受影响的 易感动的 易患病的

█ susceptible

Adj

impressionab le easily influenced having little resistance, as to a disease receptive to

sus-=sub cept

under take (被放到~之下 ——蒙受)

疾病,病症

96

疾病

malady

N

illness

malady

ill held,kept topmost (最高) fear (害怕)

恐高症

acrophobia

N

fear of heights compulsive, habitual need condition in which blood lacks red corpuscles fear of being locked in feeling of great happiness and well-being (sometimes exaggerated)

acrophobia

瘾,依赖 贫血 (anemic,Adj)

addiction

N

anemia

N

corp

body 红血球

幽闭恐怖症

claustrophobia

N

claustro phobia euphobia eu-反 caco

close fear (害怕) well ,good fear(害怕)

非常愉快 病态的愉快,愉 悦症 (euphoric,Adj)

euphoria

N

恐水症 狂犬病 无病呻吟 忧郁症

hydrophobia

N

rabies fear of water

hydro phobia hypo-

water fear(害怕) under

hypochondriac

N

person unduly worried about his health worrier without cause about illness

患黄疸病的 有偏见的

jaundiced

Adj

prejudiced (envious, hostile or resentful)

resent

again feel (再次感觉—怒 气油然而生)

97

yellowed 下流的 卑鄙的,无理的 坏血病 梦游症患者 somnambulist N contemptible sleepwalker somn ambul 晕眩 vertigo N severe dizziness vers,vert sleep walk to turn(眼睛转动) scurvy Adj despicable

诊断,救治,治疗 诊断 (diagnose, V diagnosis N art of identifying a disease analysis of a condition elixir N cure-all something invigorating N cure-all remedy for all diseases Adj curative corrective 补救 抢救 打捞 营救 (also N) 救援 援助 succor V aid assist
98

dia gnos

through know(事先知道)

diagnostic,Adj) 包治百病,万能 药

包治百病的药, panacea 灵丹妙药

pan acea

all cure,remedy 治疗

治疗的,补救的

remedial

med

heal

salvage

V

rescue from loss

suc=sub cor

under

(also N) 治疗的 治疗学的 (therapy, N) 止痛的 analgesic Adj therapeutic Adj

comfort curative

互见:soccor 足球

causing insensitivity to pain check flow of blood not correctable incurable

alg sens 互见:stance 姿势, 态度,立场

pain feel(感觉)

止血 血流变检测 不可救药 不能挽回的 不能治愈的

stanch

V

█ incorrigible

Adj

irremediable

Adj

re med

again heal

uncorrectabl e 不能弥补的,不 能修复的 无可挽救的 解药 █ antidote N irreparable Adj not able to be corrected or repaired medicine to counteract a poison or disease dote=dose 剂药

医生,专家 儿科专家 pediatrician N expert in children's diseases one who studies the skin and its diseases doctor
99

ped iatr derm oloy(y)

child healing skin study

皮肤病专家

dermatologist

N

心脏病专家

cardiologist

N

cardi

heart

specializing in the heart 足病医生 podiatrist N doctor who treats ailments of the feet pod iatr foot healing

致命的 恶性的,伤害的 致命的 malignant Adj injurious tending to cause death aggressively malevolent 凶猛的,致命的 ● fell Adj cruel deadly 致命的 lethal Adj deadly leth mali gn=gen bad produce

伤 外伤的

traumatic

Adj

pertaining to an injury caused by violence unharmed pull strain twist

traum

没有受伤的 扭曲 扭伤 曲解 折磨 拉

unscathed wrench

Adj V

肿 浮肿

bloated

Adj

swollen or puffed as
100

with water or air 肿胀的 turgid Adj swollen ● distended 溃烂,化脓,沙哑的,神经质的,易呕吐的 (其它症状) 溃烂 (使) ,化脓 fester V rankle produce irritation or resentment ● raucous Adj harsh and shrill disorderly and boisterous 神经质的,洁癖 的 易呕吐的 queasy Adj easily nauseated squeamish resent again feel (再次感觉—怒 气油然而生)

沙哑的

伤害 擦伤 撞伤 伤害

contusion

N

bruise

█ impair

V

injure hurt

伤害

maim

V

mutilate injure

互见:main mute change

瘦 有尖角的,瘦骨 嶙峋的

angular

Adj

sharp-corner ed stiff in
101

manner 瘦弱的,脆弱的 emaciated Adj thin and wasted lean and angular barren 瘦的 贫乏的,不足的 消瘦,憔悴 渴望 松树 枯槁的 憔悴的 变疯 (使) ,腐坏 (addled,Adj) 纤细的 addle V haggard Adj pine V meager Adj █ scanty inadequate languish, decline long for, yearn wasted away gaunt muddle drive crazy become rotten tenuous Adj thin rare slim tenu thin e=ex maci out lean 瘦

瘦骨嶙峋,憔悴 荒芜

gaunt

Adj

肥胖 肥胖 (corpulence, N) 肥胖的

corpulent

Adj

very fat

corp

body

obese

Adj

fat

ob ese

over eat carry(身体的搬运)

健壮的

portly

Adj

stately

part

102

肥胖的 魁梧的 夸大的 充气的 虚胖的 踩高跷的 病人,病毒,病理 装病的人 假病号 (malinger,V) 病毒 virus N malingerer N stilted Adj

stout

● bombastic inflated

one who feigns illness to escape duty disease communicato r related to the study of disease diseased or markedly abnormal

mali gn=gen feign

bad produce fict 假装

病理学 (paathegy, N)

pathological

Adj

passi,pati,path log

suffer,feelings study

医、药、草、丸、剂、治疗、治愈 麻醉药 (anesthesia, N) anesthetic N substance that removes sensation with or without loss of consciousne ss ointment lotion salve
103

sens

feel(感觉)

药膏 擦油

liniment

N

互见:lineament n.
容貌;相貌;面部轮廓

剂量

potion

N

dose (of liquid)

血缘、血统 同族的,同类的 血缘的 (also N) lineage N kindred Adj related belonging to the same family descent ancestry de scend 互见:descendant: n.:后代 propinquity N nearness kinship ac-=adquit to free, release down climb

血统,降落,

家系
亲近 血缘

死,死的 丧亲

bereavement

N

state of being deprived of something valuable or beloved serious or fatal accident behead

be reave

intensive rob

严重的事故 伤亡 斩首,杀头

casualty

N

decapitate

V

decap-=capit-

off head

死的 不存在的,报废 的

defunct

Adj

dead no longer in use or existence

死 (遗赠, 继承) demise

N

death
104

de

away

mise 安乐死 euthanasia N easy death eu thanas 朝生暮死,短 暂,短命 █ ephemeral Adj short-lived fleeting ep=epi hemer

send(放手) well die upon day(只有一天的寿 命) not breath (mind) death tending toward

了无生气的,死 气沉沉的 垂死的

inanimate

Adj

lifeless

in anim

moribund

Adj

dying

mori bund

身后的 遗腹的 (书出版于作者 死后,孩子生于 父亲死后)

posthumous

Adj

after death (as of child born after father's death or book published after author's death)

屈服 屈从 死 死后的 殡仪业者 讣告 (also N) 挽歌,悲歌 (elegiacal,Adj) 安灵弥撒 安灵歌,挽歌

succumb

V

yield give in die

suc=sub cumb

under lie down

mortician obituary

N Adj

undertaker death notice

mort ob it

death Near go out choose back quiet

● elegy

N

poem or song expressing █ lamentation mass for the dead
105

e=ex leg=lig re quie

requiem

N

dirge 告别的 valedictory Adj pertaining to farewell vale dict farewell say

尸体 验尸 (also V) autopsy N examination of a dead body mort death

post-mortem 尸体 cadaver N corpse 互见:corps[kau:] 军团,团体 互见:corpus:身体, 尸体;主体,全集, 本金。

尸体似的,苍白 的 裹尸 隐藏

cadaverous

Adj

like a corpse pale

shroud

V

hide from view wrap for burial

互见 should,

怜悯,同情,惋惜,抚恤 怜悯,同情 commiserate V feel or express pity or sympathy for commisertogether misery (一起受难)

疲,劳、累,乏、困厄、困顿、痛,苦 重罚 Adj grueling 筋疲力尽 (使其) 不知疲倦的;不 屈不挠的;有耐 性的 ● indefatigable Adj

exhausting

tireless

106

疲倦的

jaded

Adj

fatigued ● surfeited

疲倦的,无精打 采的

languid

Adj

weary █ sluggish █ listless

互见: languish 无生 机的

疲乏

● lassitude

N

languor weariness

痛与苦 痛苦

affliction

N

state of distress cause of suffering

af=ad flic

to strike

极度痛苦

anguish

N

acute pain extreme suffering

ang

strangle

痛苦 烦恼 恼怒 痛苦 悲怆

gall

N

bitterness nerve

harrowing

Adj

agonizing distressing traumatic

agonize

struggle 痛苦

突然一阵的,突 发的 (痛苦, 愤怒) 笑, 痛苦,悲怆,哀 婉

paroxysm

N

fit or attack of pain, laughter, rage tender sorrow pity quality in art or literature that produces
107

par-para

beside

pathos

N

passi,pati,path

suffer,feelings

these feelings 剧痛 throes N violent anguish

苦 苦行 禁欲 (also N) 苦差事,苦工 孤苦的,凄凉的 drudgery forlorn N Adj █ ascetic Adj practicing self-denial █ austere menial work sad and lonely wretched 艰苦的 勇敢的 █ hardy Adj sturdy █ robust able to stand inclement weather 艰苦的,勤劳的 laborious Adj demanding much work or care tedious 苦难 █ rancor N bitterness hatred 奴隶身份 苦工 servitude N slavery compulsory labor stoic Adj impassive unmoved by joy or grief serv serve,keep labor work v. drudger 做苦工 orn decorate,furnish

坚忍的,苦修的

108

奴隶似的 奴性的

subservient

Adj

behaving like a slave █ servile obsequious

serv

serve,keep

分娩的痛苦;艰 苦劳动

travail

V/N

painful labor

tra-=trans val,vail-

beyond, across, over strong(worth)

吃喝睡眠、穿住用行 (走跑飞)游 吃 吃草 浏览 browse V graze skim or glance at casually herbivorous Adj grain-eating herb vor omnivorous Adj eating both plant and animal food devouring everything 反复咀嚼 消化 深思 反刍 ruminate V chew over and over (mentally, or, like cows, physically) mull over ponder 腐食 scavenge V hunt through
109

吃粮食的 (动物) 无所不吃的 杂食的

grass eat all eat

omni vor

互见:luminate

打扫 (scavenger, N)

discarded materials for usable items search, especially for food

食肉的

carnivorous

Adj

meat-eating

carni vor

flesh(肉) eat

食品室 储藏室 食物 生计

larder

N

pantry place where food is kept

互见:larger

sustenance

N

means of support, food, nourishment creature that seizes and devours another animal person who robs or █ exploits others

ten (tain, tin)

hold,keep

捕食者

█ predator

N

preda

prey; plunder (掠 夺)

节制 (饮食) 节制 (饮食) (abstain,V) 节制 (饮食) ,调节 █abstemious Adj sparing in eating and drinking temperate
110

abstinence

N

restraint from eating or drinking

互见:abstemious

互见:abstinence

节制的 自我控制的

temperate

Adj

restrained

temper

moderate

self-controlle d moderate in respect to temperature

过度饮食,暴饮暴食者 倒胃口 过度的 (cloy,V) cloying Adj distasteful (because excessive) excessively sweet or sentimental 暴饮暴食者,饭 桶 (█ gluttonous,Adj) 饮食过度 恶心,使生厌 (also N) ● surfeit V █ glutton N someone who eats too much 互见: glut V. N.充 斥,过量

satiate stuff indulge to excess in anything

sur=super feit 互见:forfeit, counterfeit

above make

狼吞虎咽

gorge

V

stuff oneself

法文 gorge 互见: gorgeous 华 ) 丽的,灿烂的(志得 意满时放大喉咙)) disgorge 吐出, 涌出,呕吐

throat (喉咙)

贪婪的 狼吞虎咽的 极度贪婪的

voracious

Adj

● ravenous

vor

eat

rapacious

Adj

excessively
111

rap

snatch (夺取)

捕食的 掠夺的 (rapacity, N) 猛冲,上门闩, bolt 囫囵吞下 V

greedy █ predatory

dash or dart off fasten (a door) gobble down

老饕 享乐主义者 (epicurean,Adj ) 老饕

epicure

N

connoisseur of food and drink

epi-

among,besides; to; upon

gourmand

N

epicure person who takes excessive pleasure in food and drink

gour mand

delicious food order, (entrust)

品尝,品味 品尝家 美食比赛的评 委 品味 享受

gourmet

N

connoisseur of food and drink savor enjoy

gour

delicious food

relish

V

sa vor

to eat

享乐、狂欢 享受 (温暖)

bask

V

luxuriate take pleasure in
112

见 ask,mask,task,

愉快,舒适 厌于享乐 blasé Adj

warmth bored with pleasure or dissipation bearing of fruit fulfillment realization fruit fruit

享用 成就 实现 享乐主义者 (hedonic Adj. 享乐的)

fruition

N

█ hedonist

N

one who █ believes that pleasure is the sole aim in life boisterous ● mirth entertain

hedon

delight

狂欢,欢闹 取悦,娱乐,享 受

hilarity

N

hilar-

glad

regale

V

reg 互见:gale 大风 一阵感情的爆发

rule,king

狂欢

revelry

N

boisterous merrymaking

宴会,招待 招待,食宿,适 应 (secondary meaning)

accommodate

V

oblige or help someone Adjust or bring into harmony adapt

适应 餐 宴会

acclimate

V

Adjust to climate meal feast
113

repast

N

re past

again feed

banquet 约会 幽会 tryst N meeting

互见:past 互见:try+st

美味的 味觉的 gustatory Adj affecting the sense of taste pleasing to taste or smell agreeable pleasing to the taste redolent Adj fragrant odorous suggestive of an odor 有滋有味儿的 享受这种滋味 savor V enjoy have a distinctive flavor, smell, or quality ● savory Adj tasty pleasing, attractive, or agreeable dole N. 失业救济金; 赈济物;施舍品 vt. 发放救济; 以小份 发给 sa vor to eat 互见:gustN. 风味; 一阵狂风;趣味 Vi. 一阵阵地劲吹 sci know

美味的,甜美的 可接受的 美味的 有味道的 有香味儿的

luscious

Adj

palatable

Adj

有味道的 吸引人的

sa vor

to eat

喝,饮 喝醉的,耍酒疯 醉的

bacchanalian

Adj

drunken

inebriated

Adj

habitually intoxicated
114

tox

poison

drunk 放荡,旷野 纵酒狂欢 orgy N wild, drunken revelry

unrestrained indulgence in a tendency 可饮用的 (also N) 一饮而尽 痛饮 quaff V potable Adj suitable for drinking drink with relish drink greedily 互见:will 互见:portable

swill

V

吸收 吸收,合并

absorb

V

assimilate or incorporate suck or drink up wholly engage

sorb

suck up

吸收 同化

assimilate

V

absorb cause to become █ homogeneou s

as=ad simil

to like

吸收

imbibe

V

drink in

in bibe

in drink

消化不良,易怒

bilious

Adj

suffering from indigestion irritable

饥饿
115

饥饿的

● ravenous

Adj

extremely hungry

睡眠 昏迷 熟睡

comatose

Adj

a coma extremely sleepy

互见:coma N. 昏 迷;彗形像差; commaN. 逗号;停 顿 dormsleep

睡着的 隐匿的

dormant

Adj

sleeping █ lethargic latent

昏睡的 瞌睡的 睡眠的 休息的 暂停活动的 (quiescence, N) 睡眠 卧铺 枕木 冬眠的动物

█ lethargic

Adj

drowsy dull

leth

● quiescent

Adj

at rest dormant temporarily inactive

quiesc scend(t)

quiet,calm climb

sleeper

N

something originally of little value or importance that in time becomes very valuable

催眠的 冬眠 失眠 施催眠术 催眠的 半睡半醒的 mesmerize somnolent V Adj hypnotize half asleep somn sleep

116

催眠的 (also N)

● soporific

Adj

sleep-causin g marked by sleepiness

sopor

deep sleep

冬眠 (hibernation, N) 失眠

hibernate

V

sleep throughout the winter wakefulness inability to sleep in somn without sleep

insomnia

N

休息、休假 休假

furlough

N

leave of absence vacation granted a soldier or civil servant

互见:slough,V. 脱 落,蜕皮

靠着的 斜躺的 不动的 休息的 睡眠的 休息的 暂停活动的 (quiescence, N)

recumbent

Adj

reclining lying down completely or in part

recumb

back lie down

● quiescent

Adj

at rest dormant temporarily inactive

quiesc scend(t)

quiet,calm climb

穿、衣 衣服 穿着,装饰

array

V

clothe adorn

117

(also N) 低肩露颈的服 装 穿上 全体 歌舞团 套装 decollete Adj having a low-necked dress put on group of (supporting) players organic unity costume 羊毛外套 衣服 衣服上亮晶晶 的小金属饰件 fleece N wool coat of a sheep clothing small metallic piece sewn to clothing for ornamentation outward decorations ornaments 穿着整齐干净 的 natty Adj neatly or smartly dressed dandy man excessively concerned with his clothes dowdy Adj slovenly
118

don ensemble

V N

en semble

at at the same time

raiment spangle

N N

服饰 装饰

trappings

N

nat [nɑ:t] N. 守护 神,精灵 互见:nasty, 互见:gop [,d? i: ?u 'pi:] abbr. 大老党 (美国共和党的别 称) (grand old party) ;

花花公子 过分注意衣着 的男人 (foppish,Adj)

fop

N

邋遢的

dowd [daud] N. 邋

衣衫不整 褴褛的 破烂不堪的 ● threadbare Adj

untidy worn through till the threads show shabby and poor

遢的人(尤指女人) 从字面上看,是纱线 (thread)都露(bare) 出来了,就是“褴褛 的,破烂不堪的“

装饰、装束、打扮 装饰 adorn (adornment, N) 装饰 █ embellish V adorn ornament 装饰 (also N) 装饰品 首饰 pendant (pendent ) N ornament (hanging from a necklace, etc N mischievous trick groom oneself with care adorn oneself 发型 胸针 包装物 绷带 封装,嵌入,插 embed V coiffure brooch N N hairstyle ornamental clasp wrap around bandage enclose
119

V

decorate

ad orn em bel

to decorate,furnish in beautiful

garnish

V

decorate

pend

hang, (weigh)

胡闹 打扮 打扮

prank

互见:rank

primp

V

swathe

V

入 外观 装束

place in something guise N appearance costume disguise Vt. 掩饰; 假装;隐瞒 n. 伪装; 假装;用作伪装的东

住 蜂房 apiary N a place where bees are kept temporary encampment small cottage shack small, wretched house 互见: bungleV. 搞砸 互见:shovel: N.V. 铲,铁铲 拉丁文:apis=bee apiculture 养蜂业,

帐篷 (also V) 小平房 小屋

bivouac

N

bungalow hovel

N N

行、跑、走、步、飞、奔、爬、 旅行 trek (also V) 旅程 旅行 旅行计划 路线 短途旅行 jaunt itinerary peregrination

N

travel journey

N

journey

per

thoroughly

N

plan of a trip

N

trip short journey

互见:jaunty, joint,anut

长期的冒险旅行

odyssey

N

long, eventful journey

行动迟缓的,慢跑,漫步
120

步态,步法 速度

gait

N

manner of walking or running speed

互见:bait Vt. N. 引 诱;诱饵; 在?中放 诱饵; 折磨 vi. 中途休 息; gate: 发音相同

行动迟缓的

█ sluggish

Adj

slow lazy █ lethargic

slugg: 互见:waggish 滑稽 的 爱开玩笑的(wag, N)

lazy 互见: sluggard 懒人 slug [sl? ɡ] Vi. 偷懒; 动作迟缓 Vt. 重击 N. 鼻涕虫;动作缓慢的 人;金属小块

慢跑 (also V) 慢跑 漫步,缓行 (also V) 漫步 闲逛

canter

N

slow gallop

互见:cantor (教会) 唱诗班领唱者; canto (长诗的)分篇 互见:slope ample Adj. 丰富的; 足 够的;宽敞的

lope amble

V N

gallop slowly moving at an easy pace stroll slowly

saunter

V

大摇大摆,高视阔步,自大 大摇大摆 高视阔步 (also V) 大摇大摆 自大 (also N) ● swagger V strut N pompous walk ● swagger behave arrogantly or pompously strut or walk proudly interrog between ask

步伐,轻快,沉重 装模作样的人 poseur

N

person who pretends to
121

pos-

place; put

邯郸学步

be sophisticated , elegant, etc to impress others scuttle V scurry run with short, rapid steps scurry V move briskly

迈着碎步轻快的 走

轻快的 活泼的移动 一块,一团 沉重的脚步声 草丛,灌木丛

clump

N

cluster or close group (of bushes, trees) mass sound of heavy treading

互见:lump N. 块,块 状;肿块;瘤;很多; 笨人 vt. 混在一起; 使成块状;忍耐;笨 重地移动

笨重的往前走

lumber

V

move heavily or clumsily

拍动 跳动 搏动 爬升 升高 趴,匍匐 拍动 跳动 搏动 爬 clamber V climb by crawling 互见:climb palpitate V throb flutter palp touch

122

爬升 升高 趴,匍匐

scale

V

climb up ascend

scan (scal,scend) 变形:scal,scend 互见: grove 小树林, 果园

climb escalade,secalator

grovel

V

crawl or creep on ground remain prostrate

无路可通的 无路可通的 没法通行 无路可通,走投 无路 僵局 impasse N impassable Adj not able to be traveled or crossed predicament from which there is no escape deadlock 互见:impossible

波动,流动,移动,滑动 波动的 fluctuate 起伏的,摇摆不 定的 短暂的,易变的 流动的 变迁 流动 偷懒 偷偷的移动 可移动的,不固 ambulatory fugitive

V

waver shift

flu fluctu

flow wave

Adj

fleeting or transitory roving

fug

flee 逃跑

flux

N

flowing series of changes

flu

flow

skulk

V

move █ furtively and secretly able to walk
123

互见:skull N. 头盖 骨,脑壳

Adj

ambul

walk

定 无法移动,不可 移动的 移动的 (mobility, N) 流动的 连接的 滑动 运动的 运动学的 slither kinetic V Adj cursive Adj

not bedridden immobility N state of being immovable movable not fixed flowing, running slip or slide producing motion cur run mob move,

mobile

Adj

mob

move,

互见:slide

振动,搅动 振动的

tremor

N

trembling slight quiver

trem

tremble (颤抖)

振动的 颤抖的 敏捷的 (also N) 浑浊的 搅动了沉淀物的

quiver

V

tremble shake

turbid

Adj

muddy having the sediment disturbed

turb sed.sess,sid

to disturb (扰乱) sit

搅动 (使)水变浑) 激怒 动量,动力,动机 动量 动力

roil

V

to make liquids murky by stirring up sediment

互见:roll

momentum

N

quantity of motion of a
124

moving body impetus 动力 动机(Adj. impetuous impetus N incentive stimulus moving force im petu 互见: impromptuAdj 一时冲动的 即兴的 主旨,本意 动机 motif N theme 互见:motive mot move on,upon strive

……..觉 听觉的

auditory

Adj

pertaining to the sense of hearing false █ belief de lus hallucination 互见:dilution N. 稀 释,冲淡;稀释法; 冲淡物 off play

错觉 (又: 迷惑, 欺骗)

delusion

N

直觉 (intuitive,Adj)

intuition

N

immediate insight power of knowing without reasoning

幻觉

illusion

N

misleading vision delusion

il=in lus de lus

on,upon play off play mystery see

幻觉,幻想

hallucination

N

幻想的 (also N)

visionary

Adj

produced by imagination
125

myst vis

fanciful mystical 嗅觉的 olfactory Adj concerning the sense of smell pertaining to the organs or sense of touch fact make,do

触觉的

tactile

Adj

tact

touch

察觉,明了,有洞察力的 觉醒 arousal 激励

N

awakening provocation (of a response)

rouse

rise

难以明了,难以 觉察的(触摸不 到的) 难以明了的,无 形的 暧昧的,模糊的 察觉不到的

impalpable

Adj

imperceptible intangible

im palp tang

not touch touch

intangible

Adj

not able to be perceived by touch vague

imperceptible

Adj

unnoticeable

im per

not thoroughly take mark

undetectable

cept not

有洞察力的

insightful

Adj

█ discerning perceptive

sight into…

有洞察力的 (sagacity, N)

sagacious

Adj

perceptive shrewd having
126

sagac

wise

insight 有洞察力的,警 觉的 智慧的 perceptive Adj insightful aware wise per cept thorough take (被放到~之下 ——蒙受)

话多的,健谈的,夸夸其谈的,多话的,口若悬河的,滔滔不绝的 说话的学问 花言巧语 rhetoric N art of effective communicati on insincere language 修辞色彩的 花言巧语的 █ rhetorical Adj pertaining to effective communicati on insincere in language 口齿伶俐的 爱说话的 ● voluble Adj fluent glib talkative 光滑,柔顺 口齿伶俐,圆滑 glib Adj fluent facile slick 说到点子上的 中肯的 有关的 脱口而出 话多的,健谈的 善谈的人 blurt V utter impulsively talkative storyteller
127

rhetor

orather(演说家)

rhetor rhetoric

orather(演说家) 修辞学

volu

to roll (易于回转的), (植物)缠绕的

pertinent

Adj

to the point relevant

per tin (ten,tain) 互见:impertinent 互见:blur

thoroughly hold

loquacious raconteur

Adj N

loqu, log

speak

满肚子故事的人 快速的说,含混 不清的说 模糊不清的说 jabber V chatter rapidly or unintelligibly speak indistinctly mumble 犹豫踌躇, 停滞, █ vacillate 含糊其辞 (vacillation, N.) 不善于表达的 口齿不清的 inarticulate Adj speechless producing indistinct speech ● ineffable Adj unutterable cannot be expressed in speech ef=ex fa 互见: effable,affable out speak V. waver fluctuate. vac (van,void) empty 互见: blur, blurt

slur

V

不可言喻的,无 法用语言表达的 不能说的,避讳 的 咆哮 咆哮

rave

N

overwhelmin gly favorable review rave talk excitedly scold make a grandiloquen t speech

raven, rape, raze, grave, grandloqu, log grand speak

咆哮 激昂的演说 斥责

● rant

V

咆哮

bluster

V

blow in heavy gusts
128

互见:luster,fluster

吓唬

threaten emptily bully

歇斯底里的

overwrought

Adj

extremely agitated hysterical

wrought: Adj.. 锻造 的;加工的;精细的

闲聊,胡扯 搭讪,邂逅 accost V approach and speak first to a person chat talk informally ● prattle V babble ac cost to rib (朝着肋骨——接 近某人) together to turn

聊天 (conversation, N) 闲聊,胡说,废 话,唠叨 闲聊,胡扯

converse

V

con vers,vert

waffle

V

speak █ equivocally about an issue

equivoc,voke

equal to call; voice

陈腐,陈词滥调 平凡,陈腐,老 生常谈 banal Adj ● hackneyed 互见:ban,bana 叶 菜 origin-

beginning

commonplac e █ trite lacking originality 常见的 不希罕,陈腐 ● hackneyed Adj commonplac e █ trite

互见:hack n. 砍,劈;出租马车 vt. 砍;出租

129

缺乏逻辑的,不 聪明的 陈腐的 (incoherence, N) 陈腐的,变质的 时间长损失品 质的 老套 一成不变 铅版

incoherent

Adj

unintelligible muddled illogical

coherent

调和的

musty

Adj

stale spoiled by age

互见:must

stereotype

N

fixed and unvarying representatio n standardized mental picture, often reflecting prejudice

var

diverse(不同的); to change (变化)

陈腐的

█ trite

Adj

● hackneyed

commonplac e 陈词滥调 ● cliché N phrase dulled in meaning by repetition █ trite remark "

陈词滥调

platitude

N

commonplac e statement

贫嘴 嘴贫,过度的说 belabor V explain or go over
130

be

make

谩骂

excessively or to a ridiculous degree attack verbally

labor

work(迫使劳动)

贫嘴 (garrulity, N)

█ garrulous

Adj

loquacious wordy talkative

loqu, log

speak

解说 解说,告诉 重新数 解说的 (narrate,V) 嘟囔 嘟囔 (also N) 胡话 嘟囔 gibberish N nonsense babbling sens gibber Vi. 喋喋而 言;胡扯 n. 三棱石;无法听懂 的话 赋予,告诉 赋予 告诉 告诉 apprise V impart V reveal or tell grant inform impart ap=ad pris in,on part to seize feel(感觉) babble V chatter idly █ recount V narrate or tell count over again narrative Adj related to telling a story re count again count (再数一次)

拉丁文:narrare=tell

131

互见:appraise

强调 强调,重音

accentuate

V

emphasize stress

emphas ac-=adcant,cent,chant

in speak to sing again repeat in speak

重申 重复 强调

reiterate

V

repeat

reiterate

underscore

V

emphasize

em phas

发牢骚 发牢骚 grouse V complain fuss 鸣不平的 易发牢骚的 断言 断言 (assertion, N) assert V declare or state with confidence put oneself forward boldly 断言 (allegation, N) 空话,大话,夸大的讲话 空话 verbiage N pompous
132

● querulous

Adj

fretful whining

Sert

join, put

disclose, entrust, rely

allege

V

state without proof

al=ad leg

to law

verb

word

大话 空谈

array of words prate V speak foolishly boast idly 互见:rate, crate, grate,trate

夸大的讲话 (also V)

harangue

N

noisy speech

俏皮话,传话,反话,讽刺,黑话,行话,胡话 俏皮话 ● witticism N witty saying wisecrack 传话 bandy V discuss lightly or glibly exchange (words) heatedly 反话 讽刺 irony N hidden sarcasm or satire use of words that seem to mean the opposite of what they actually mean 黑话,行话,胡 话 jargon N language used by a special group technical terminology 互见:iron 互见:band wit know

133

gibberish

言语、言词、言辞、表达 口语的 ● colloquial

Adj

pertaining to conversation al or common speech study of word parts pertaining to language study of language

col-=comloqu, log

together speak

语源学 语言的 语言学

etymology

N

etymo

meaning of a word (字的意思) language, tongue

linguistic

Adj

ling

philology

N

phi lo logy

love language study of (喜爱言 词) many language, tongue

多语言

polyglot

Adj

speaking several languages

poly glot glottis([解剖] 声门)

多语种的

multilingual

Adj

having many languages unoriginal derived from another source

multi lingu de rive originNeo log vent

many languages away stream(从河里引水) beginning New speak wind

派生的

█ derivative

Adj

新生词

neologism

N

new or newly coined word or phrase express utter

表达 发泄 (风,通风 口) 自言自语

vent

V

soliloquy

N

talking to oneself
134

sol-

alone

独白

loqu, log 拉丁 solus=alone

speak 拉丁 sollus=entire well speak (使好听,说 得好听)

委婉的表达

█ euphemism

N

mild expression in place of an unpleasant one pompous ● bombastic using highsounding language

eu phem

语言夸张的 词藻浮华的

grandiloquent

Adj

grandloqu, log

grand speak

烘托 衬托 制造 编造 (谎言) 格言,警句,谚 语 (aphoristic,Adj ) 格言,谚语

foil

N

contrast

fabricate

V

build lie

aphorism

N

● pithy maxim

adage

N

wise saying proverb

至理名言 格言 简洁的 警句式的,格言 式的 宣言,誓言

maxim

N

proverb a truth pithily stated

pro verb

before word (字,词)

sententious

Adj

█ terse █ concise aphoristic

sent

feel

deposition

N

testimony
135

pos-

place; put

under oath 寓言 allegory N story in which characters are used as symbols fable 寓言 parable N short, simple story teaching a moral para-ble beside throw(抛向旁边) 互见:allege fable 寓言

(allegorical,Adj )

演讲 演讲 谈话 (also V) 演讲者 演讲台 讲道坛

● discourse

N

formal discussion

dis course

apart run

conversation █ orator N public speaker platform for speech-maki ng pulpit ora speak,pray

rostrum

N

互见:rosterN. 花名 册;执勤人员表;逐 项登记表

表达,表示,发表 婉转曲折的表达 ● circumlocution

N

indirect or roundabout expression mild expression in place of an unpleasant one

circumlocu-

around, round about speak

委婉的表达

█ euphemism

N

eu phem

well speak (使好听,说 得好听)

136

表示,显示出, 唤起

evince

V

show clearly

e-=exVict,vinc

out,fully to conquer (征服) 几乎没有疑问的全然 了解

(发表长篇演讲 来)阻挠法案通 过

filibuster

V

to block legislation by making long speeches

互见:buster N. 起 破坏,制止作用的人 或物;庞然大物;非 凡的人或物;小鬼, 小家伙;茁壮的孩子 vent wind

表达 发泄 (风,通风 口) 发表 发表 (演讲) ,处理, 讨论 长篇慷慨激昂的 演说

vent

V

express utter

address

V

direct a speech to deal with or discuss

● tirade

N

extended scolding

denunciation harangue filibuster (发表长篇演讲 来)阻挠法案通 过 发表 (演讲) ,处理, 讨论 圆形,球状 洪亮的演讲 sonorousnes
137

V

to block legislation by making long speeches direct a speech to deal with or discuss

address

V

rotundity

N

roundness

rot und

wheel, run like

s of speech 措辞巧妙的 精巧的 (felicity, N) 雄辩 修辞 (█ eloquent,Adj) 有说服力的 发布、公布,宣布 发布 公布 promulgate V proclaim a █ doctrine or law make known by official publication 宣布 avow V declare openly cogent Adj felicitous Adj apt suitably expressed well chosen █eloquence N expressivene ss persuasive speech convincing

son

sound

eloqu, log

out speak

promulg claim doc-

before people cry teach

vow

voice

表演,诠释 翻译 表演,诠释 翻译 rendition N translation artistic interpretation of a song, etc ventriloquist N someone who can make his or her voice seem to come from
138

互见:render Vt. 致 使;提出;实施;着 色;以?回报 vi. 给予补偿 ventriloqu, log stomach speak

口技表演者

another person or thing

赞、夸奖、奉承、吹嘘、 赞美、歌颂、表扬、溢美之词 赞扬,表扬 (also N) █ acclaim V applaud announce with great approval encomium N high praise █ eulogy 晋升 赞扬 赞美 █ exalt V raise in rank or dignity praise █ extol V praise glorify 颂词 赞美词 █ eulogy N expression of praise, often on the occasion of someone's death praise eu logy well speak ac=adclaim plaud to cry strike, clap (拍手)

赞美之词

赞美 (█ laudable, █ laudatory,Adj) 喝彩 (plauditory,Adj)

█ laud

V

plaudit

N

enthusiastica lly worded approval round of applause

plaud

strike, clap (拍手 称快)

优美的

mellifluous

Adj

sweetly or smoothly
139

流畅的 蜜一样的

flowing melodious

奉承,恭维 奉承,恭维 (adulate,V) 阿谀奉承 blandishment N █ adulation N flattery admiration flattery flat adulate V. blandish V. flat 奉承 (fawn,V) fawning Adj courting favor by cringing and flattering fawn V. Awning :雨篷;: 【建】遮阳篷;甲板 等上的天篷:【同】 canopy, shade blow blow

祝福 祝福 幸福的 祝福

beatific

Adj

giving bliss blissful

beatitude

N

blessedness state of bliss

祝福

benediction

N

blessing

benedict

well say on to call;( voice)

祈祷

invocation

N

prayer for help calling upon as a reference or support

invoc,voke

诅咒 诅咒 (anathematize, V) anathema N solemn curse someone or something regarded as a curse
140

anathematize[?'n? θ?m?taiz]Vt. 诅咒; 宣布将?革出教门 (等于 anathematize) Vi. 咒骂;强烈谴责

(等于 anathematize) 诅咒 malediction N curse male dict cur 亵渎 亵渎 (blasphemous, Adj) blasphemy N █ irreverence sacrilege cursing blas phem sacr lege 亵渎 desecrate V █ profane violate the sanctity of 亵渎 (also Adj) █ profane V violate desecrate treat unworthily 亵渎的,天谴的 sacrilegious Adj desecrating █ profane 下流的 放荡的 亵渎的 ribald Adj wanton █ profane sacr lege 互见: bald Adj. 秃顶 的;光秃的;单调的; 无装饰的 vi. 变秃 sacred gather secr sanct hurt sound, speak sacred gather sacred sacred ill, badly say run

pro fane

forward temple (神殿之外)

误——盅惑、蓄意误导、误解、谣传 盅惑 delude V deceive delud,lus 蓄意误导 █ equivocal Adj █ ambiguous intentionally
141

off play equal

equ,equi

含混,模棱两可 (equivocate,V) 误解 misconception N

misleading

voc-al

Voice Adj. not with take (被放到~之下 ——蒙受)

mistaken idea

mis con cept

误传 有意制造误解

misrepresent

V

give a false or incorrect impression, often deliberately serve unsatisfactor ily as a representativ e

传说的 谣传的

purported

Adj

alleged claimed reputed or rumored

pur=pro port

forward carry

轻视、蔑视、漠视、鄙视、污辱 忽略,轻视 █ disparage

V

belittle

dis par

apart, away, not equal away pray(祈祷能去除)

抗议 蔑视 (deprecatory,A dj)

█ deprecate

V

express disapproval of protest against belittle

de=dis prec

抗议 (remonstrate,V

remonstrance

N

protest objection
142

remonstr

against show

) 可忽略不计的 negligible Adj so small, ● trifling, or unimportant that it may be easily disregarded █ disparage or depreciate put down 蔑视 (also N) 漠视 解散 漠不关心 (apathetic,Adj) 轻蔑的 不理睬的 disregarding 轻蔑 蔑视的 pejorative Adj negative in connotation having a belittling effect 轻视,鄙视 despise V look on with scorn regard as worthless or distasteful 轻视 嘲笑 flout V reject █ mock
143

reneg

back deny

蔑视,渺小 (使)

belittle

V

█ disdain

V

view with scorn or contempt disregard █ dismiss

dis dain

apart worthy

█ discount

V

█ apathy

N

lack of caring indifference

passi,pati,path

suffer,feelings

heedless

Adj

not noticing

heed N. 注意到;留 心到 Vt. 注意,留心

not

mark

de spi

down see

愚弄 省略 ellipsis N omission of words from a text el=en lipsis o-=ob miss 侮辱,冒犯 蓄意蔑视 (also V) affront N insult offense intentional act of disrespect indignity N offensive or insulting treatment humiliate punish the flesh in dign mort not worthy death in leave away send

侮辱

侮辱 体罚

mortify

V

丢脸,抹黑,耻辱,不信任 丢脸 抹黑 耻辱 不信任 丢脸 discredit V ● ignominy N deep disgrace shame or dishonor defame destroy confidence in dis█ believe 抹黑 denigrate V blacken de nigr intensive black de fame apart speak (远离了名 声) nom name

扭曲、歪曲——弯曲
144

扭曲的 歪曲的 (also Adj) 歪曲 漫画 讽刺画 (also V) 扭曲,歪曲 (distortion, N) 扭曲 扭曲的脸 做鬼脸 (also V) 曲解

awry

ad

V

distorted crooked

dis tort

apart twist

caricature

N

distortion burlesque dis tort

apart twist

distort

V

twist out of shape twisted a facial distortion to show feeling such as pain, disgust, etc interpret incorrectly misjudge

dis tort

apart twist

gnarled grimace

Adj N

grim 冷酷的, 狰狞的

misconstrue

V

construe:Vt.: 分析; 解释;翻译 :Vi.: 作 文法性的分析 :【同】 to analyze; to interpret

扭曲 扭伤 曲解 折磨 拉 歪曲的 扭曲的

wrench

V

pull strain twist

wry

Adj

twisted with a humorous twist

145

厚颜无耻 厚颜无耻 傲慢 厚颜无耻 brazen Adj insolent braze brazeVt. 用黄铜制; 使成黄铜色 N. 铜焊 effrontery N shameless boldness impertinence insolence ef=ex front out of front (使没有面子)

无礼 厚颜无耻

impudence

N

借口、托辞、原因、理由 借口 pretext 托辞 借口 托辞 subterfuge

N

excuse

N

pretense evasion

subter fug e-=exvas-=vade

secretly flee(逃避的手段) out to go (行走)

莫名其妙的 没来由的 冤枉的 归因于,解释 归因于 指派

█ unwarranted

Adj

unjustified groundless undeserved

ascribe

V

refer █ attribute assign

a=ad scribe

to write

归因于 解释

█ attribute

V

ascribe explain

tribut

pay,bestow

责骂、谩骂、咒骂、责备、责怪、责难、斥责、谴责、 责骂
146

责骂 斥责 咆哮 责骂的

rail

V

scold ● rant

vituperative

Adj

abusive scolding

谩骂 谩骂 非难 恶言相加 (inveigh,V) 辱骂,谩骂,诽 谤 revile V attack with abusive language █ vilify 咒骂 咒骂 批评 (denunciation, N) 感叹词 咒骂 expletive N interjection █ profane oath ex ple (pli,plen,plete,ply) out fill █ denounce V condemn criticize de nounce down,fully report 互见:revise, revive Vile Adj. 卑鄙的;邪 恶的;低廉的;肮脏 的 invective N abuse

责备,责怪,责难,斥责 责备 █ reprove V █ censure rebuke 责备,指责,咒 骂 upbraid V severely scold █ reprimand
147

re prove 互见:braid 编织

again try

表示失望 责备 (reproachful,Ad j) 责怪 批评 (also N)

reproach

V

express disapproval or disappointme nt blame criticize

re proach 互见:approach

again Near (再次接近)

█ censure

V

拉丁:censura= opinion 互见:censorious Adj.批判的,

责难,挖苦,批 excoriate 判, 揭露 (脱皮)

V

scold with biting harshness strip the skin off

ex cori

out skin

责难 非难 限制 斥责 怠慢 斥责 侮辱 (also V) 谴责 谴责 (also N) 严厉指责,谴责 应该谴责的

stricture

N

restriction adverse criticism

互见:strict

chide slight

V N

scold insult to one's dignity snub 互见: light

█ reprimand

V

█ reprove severely rebuke

mand

order

berate

V

scold strongly deserving blame

互见: rate

█ reprehensible

Adj

re prehend

back seize

148

互见:apprehend 无可指责的,没有缺点的 无可指责的 没有缺点的 ● irreproachable Adj blameless █ impeccable ir=in re proach im-=inpecc 懊悔,自责 后悔 compunction N █ remorse com punct with prick(刺, 引申为 (突 出之)点) “刺穿心灵,良心不 安,追悔” 悔恨 █ deplore V regret disapprove of 悔过的 (N. penitence) penitent Adj repentant de plore fully flow out (流许多眼 泪) repent again make sorry(不断地 感到抱歉) death not again Near (再次接近) not sin 犯罪

penit re pen

懊悔,自责

█ remorse

N

guilt

mort

self-reproach 食言 反悔 否认 翻供 懊悔 rue V regret
149

renege

V

deny go back on

reneg

back deny

后悔 感伤 (rueful,Adj)

█ lament mourn

批评 严厉批评 惩罚 严厉批评 猛烈的训斥 (also N) 批判 批判,自我牺牲

castigate

V

criticize severely punish

rebuke

V

scold harshly criticize severely

re buke

aain beat (再打)

abnegation

N

repudiation

abneg

to deny sacred

self-sacrifice 批判的 █ censorious Adj critical

sacr 拉丁:censura= opinion 互见:censorious Adj.批判的,

批判

█ repudiate

V

disown disavow

re pudi

back be ashamed

警告,训斥 se 劝诫,忠告 警告 admonition N warning ad mon 警告,训斥 (admonition, N) 劝诫,忠告 exhort V admonish V warn █ reprove ad mon to advise to advise

urge
150

ex

out

(exhortation, N)

hort

urge

嘲弄 嘲笑 嘲弄,嘲笑 (█ mockery, N) 嘲弄 讽刺 (also V) 嘲弄的 嘲弄,奚落

gibe █ mock

V V

█ mock ridicule imitate, often in derision

互见: glib

quip

N

taunt

互见:equip

█ satirical scoff

Adj V

█ mocking █ mock ridicule

互见:satire:讽刺

讽刺、挖苦、 挖苦的,尖酸的 (语言,行为) (● acrimony,) 歪曲 漫画 讽刺画 (also V) 腐蚀 挖苦 警句 讽刺民谣

acrimonious

Adj

bitter in words or manner

acri (ac, acid) moni 互见:acrimony 严 厉

sour, sharp state

caricature

N

distortion burlesque

dis tort

apart twist

caustic

Adj

burning sarcastically biting

epigram

N

witty thought or saying, usually short
151

epi-

among,besides; to; upon

gram=graph 暗示,旁侧敲击 暗讽 讽刺,冷嘲热讽 讽刺性的 █ ironic Adj resulting in an unexpected and contrary outcome ridicule 互见:lamp innuendo N hint insinuation insinu

write into curve,sinus (拐弯 抹角地进入)

讽刺的 (also N) 挖苦 讽刺

lampoon

V

sarcasm

N

scornful remarks stinging rebuke

sar

ironic

讽刺的

sardonic

Adj

█ disdainful sarcastic cynical

sar

ironic

讽刺的

satire

N

form of literature in which irony, sarcasm, and ridicule are employed to attack vice and folly corrosive sarcastic

sat

full

腐蚀的 硫酸的 讽刺的

vitriolic

Adj

Vit

bad

诽谤 诽谤

calumny

N

█ malicious misrepresent
152

中伤

ation slander

丑化 诽谤 (defamation, N) 诽谤

defame

V

harm someone's reputation malign slander

de fame

apart speak (远离了名 声)

detraction

N

slandering aspersion

de-=dis tract dis figure de fame

away draw apart shape apart speak (远离了名 声)

诬陷,抹黑,诽 谤 诽谤 中伤

disfigure

V

mar in beauty spoil

libel

N

defamatory statement act of writing something that smears a person's character

毒辣的言语 诽谤

malign

V

speak evil of bad-mouth defame

mali gn=gen

bad produce

诽谤 (also V)

slander

N

defamation utterance of false and █ malicious statements

de fame

apart speak (远离了名 声)

诽谤 侮辱 (also V

slur

N

insult to one's character or reputation slander
153

第二意思:slurV. 模 糊不清的说,speak indistinctly mumble

互见: blur, blurt

(secondary

meaning) 诽谤 中伤 诽谤 辱骂 (vilification, N) █ vilify V traduce V expose to slander slander tra=trans duce=duct 拉丁文:vilis=cheap across lead

批准、同意、首肯 批准,认可 █ratify

V

approve formally confirm verify

rat (ratio) gratify V 使满足 stratify V. 分层;成 层;使形成阶层 sanct-

reckon,reason

批准,许可

█ sanction

V

approve █ ratify

sacred (神圣的裁 夺) strong, worth

批准 确认

validate

V

confirm █ ratify

val

同意,批准,接受 同意 accede V agree ac=ad cede, ceed,cess 同意,批准 approbation N approval approbto go, yield to try (test,examine)

同意 接受 忍受 接受

assent

V

agree accept

assent

to feel (再次感觉—怒 气油然而生) together hold

countenance

V

approve tolerate

coun ten

154

不同意见 持不同意见的 难于对付的 (also N) 不同 差距

dissident

Adj

█ dissenting rebellious

dissid sent

apart sit (分开坐着的) feel (再次感觉—怒 气油然而生) apart equal

█ disparity

N

difference condition of inequality

dis par 互见:parity: 等价, 同等

肯定 完全的,肯定的 absolute Adj complete totally unlimited certain 正面肯定,确认 █ affirmation N positive assertion

confirmation solemn pledge by one who refuses to take an oath

默许 默许(● acquiescence, N.● acquiescent,Ad j)

● acquiesce

V

assent agree without protesting

ac qui assent

to calm (向~沉默) to feel (再次感觉—同 意) in

认可,默许

█ endorse

V

approve
155

en

支持 (secondary meaning) █ endorsement, N 默许的 会意的 tacit Adj

support

dorse

back

understood not put into words

tac

silent(沉默的)

沉默 沉默,不动声色 的 深藏不露的 沉默寡言的 (reticent,Adj) 沉默寡言的 █ taciturn Adj █ reticence N █ reserve tic silent (沉默的)

uncommunic ativeness inclination to silence habitually silent talking little tac silent(沉默的)

认可,承认,允许 赐予 认可,承认 █ acknowledge V recognize admit 允许 赐予 vouchsafe V grant choose to give in reply permit 确认,确证,证实 确认,确证 确认 ascertain V find out for certain confirm
156

cert

sure

█ corroborate

V

支持 证实 验证 substantiate V

support establish by evidence verify support sub stant under stand

支持 支持,辩护 advocacy N support active pleading on something's behalf 支持,增援 █ bolster V support reinforce 支持 (also N) 拥护 支持者 建议者 champion V ● buttress V support prop up support militantly supporter backer opposite of opponent 支撑 延续 █ sustain V experience support nourish sus tain up hold pro pon forward put advoc,voke to to call; voice

proponent

N

辩护 辩护 (also N) 有理,正当 justification N █ advocate V urge plead for good or just
157

advoc,voke

to to call; voice

辩护 释罪

reason defense excuse

辩护 维护

█ vindicate

V

clear from blame █ exonerate justify or support

vindicdic

wine say(趁酒兴而辩论) proclaim (宣称离开 某地)

拒绝 拒绝 排除 (secondary meaning) 否认,拒绝 拒绝,否定,取 消 gainsay VN █ dismiss V put away from consideratio n reject deny gainly Adj. 姿态优 美的 neg deny dis miss not send

█ negate

V

cancel out nullify deny

回绝 (also N)

rebuff

V

snub beat back

互见 buff: N. 浅黄 色;软皮; (俚)健康 的身体 V. 有软皮摩擦;缓 冲;擦亮,抛光某物

rebut: NV. 驳斥 举反证 rebuttal N. 互见: buffoonery 滑 稽的

放弃 拒绝 搁臵

● spurn

V

reject scorn

互见:spur 刺激

table

V

set aside a █ resolution or proposal for future con158

sideration

反驳…… 辩论 反驳

controvert

V

oppose with arguments attempt to █ refute contradict

contro-=contra vert

against turn







controversial : n.: 有争

议的, 爱争论 的
驳斥 举反证 █ rebuttal N

refutation response with contrary evidence

rebut: NV. 驳斥 举反证

反驳 (refutation, N) 反驳 回应

█ refute

V

disprove

fut (fus) 互见: refuse,refusal

pour

rejoinder

N

retort comeback reply

re tort 互见:rejoin 再加入, 再结合 re pul

back twist

排斥 反驳 (V.repulse) 反驳 曲颈甑 (also V)

repulsion

N

distaste act of driving back

back drive

retort

N

quick sharp reply

re tort

back twist

159

排斥的 (also N)

█ repellent

Adj

driving away unattractive

re pell

back drive

不可否认的,不能驳倒的 不可否认的 不能驳倒的 irrefutable Adj indisputable ● incontroverti ble undeniable fut (fus) pour

互见:refute

暗示 暗指

allude

V

refer indirectly indirect reference

al-=adlud,lus al=ad lus

to play to play (使浮现某种想 法) in fold

暗指,暗示

allusion

N

牵连,牵扯 (犯罪) 暗示 含义 暗示

implicate

V

incriminate show to be involved

implic

implication

N

something hinted at or suggested

implic

in fold

(imply,V)
会意的,意会而 不言传 暗示的 暗示 表示 imply V suggest a meaning not expressed signify 符号 indices n. pl signs
160

implicit

Adj

understood but not stated

implic

in fold

imply

in fold

暗示

indications

(N.sg.index )
暗示,提示 暗示,旁侧敲击 暗讽 讽刺,冷嘲热讽 暗示,含沙舐影 慢慢的夺取,巧 妙的迂回 (进入) insinuate V hint imply creep in insinu into curve,sinus (拐弯 抹角地进入) inkling innuendo N N hint hint insinuation

阐明、说明 婉转曲折的表达 ● circumlocution N indirect or roundabout expression self-evident truth requiring no proof speak distinctly brighten clear up or make understanda ble enlighten 明白的,显然的; 证明,表现 manifest Adj evident visible
161

circumlocu-

around, round about speak

公理,自明的道 理

axiom

N

阐明

enunciate

V

e=ex nunic il=in lumin

out report on light

照亮 明朗 澄清

illuminate

V

mani

hand

obvious 声明 manifesto N declaration statement of policy 明显的 公然的 易于领会的 明显的(易于触 摸的) palpable Adj tangible easily perceptible overt Adj open to view overs,vert palp out to turn touch

unmistakable 明察 █scrutinize V examine closely and critically comparison of one thing with another, using the word like or as make express conditions specify 明白清楚的 unequivocal Adj plain obvious unequ,equi vocunmistakable -al not equal Voice Adj. simil like,same

明喻 比较

simile

N

规定 明细化

stipulate

V

教导、解释 教导 启迪,陶冶

● edify

V

instruct correct
162

morally 谆谆教导 inculcate V teach instill 教导 灌输 教唆 suborn V indoctrinate V instruct in a █ doctrine or ideology persuade to act unlawfully (especially to commit perjury) 解释,注解 启示的,启示录 的 apocalyptic Adj prophetic pertaining to revelations elucidate V explain enlighten exegesis N explanation e=ex lucid out clear apo away from, off indocsub orn per jur into teach under furnish over swear 互见:inculpate

解释 启迪 解释,注解,通 译 (exegetical,Adj)

interpretation , especially of a biblical text explicate V explain interpret clarify explic out fold

解释,澄清

解释性的 (exposition, N) 解释

expository

Adj

explanatory serving to explain

pos-

place; put

paraphrase

V

restate a passage in
163

para-

beside,(against, beyond, contrary)

批注 注释 (also N)

one's own words while retaining thought of author

speak phase

提出 提出

propound

V

put forth for analysis introduce open up

互见:prpfound

介绍,提出,引 见

broach

V

互见:breach

证明 证明 书面证明 (also N) 有用的 经验的 实践证明的 授权 证明 批准

attest

V

testify, bear witness provide written evidence based on experience useful docteach

█ document

V

practical

Adj

warrant

V

justify authorize

推导,推测,推断,推理,推论, 可推导的,可推 deducible 论的 推测,推断 (extrapolate,V) 推导,总结 (inference, infer extrapolation

Adj

derived by reasoning projection ● conjecture

de duc ject

down lead throw (抛于眼前的 东西) into carry (把想法引入重

N

V

deduce conclude
164

in fer

N)

de duce=duct

心)
apart lead

推理 推论

ratiocination

N

reasoning act of drawing conclusions from premises

ratio

reason

猜测 (also N)

surmise

V

guess

sur mise

over send

七情之喜乐——喜,欢乐,高兴,快乐,愉快,——笑——幽默——福——兴奋 欢快的情绪 N alacrity cheerful pro promptness mpt=empt 互见:prompt 欢乐,高兴 blithe Adj gay joyous heedless 丰满 充满活力 欢快 欢乐 高兴 convivial Adj buxom Adj plump vigorous jolly festive gay con viv 互见:box 互见:lethal

forward take (最先去拿)

with to live (生活,生存)

characterized by joviality
165

全神贯注,入迷, ecstasy 高兴 (ecstatic,Adj)

N

rapture joy any overpowerin g emotion

ec=ex sta rap

out stand (立于理性之 外) snatch (夺取) 互见:ecstatic : adj.: 狂喜的,欣喜 若狂的 :【同】 enraptured,euphori c, joyful, overjoyed, rapt, rapturous, elated

过分高兴的 兴高采烈 (elation, N) 高兴,兴高采烈 欢乐 适当

█ elated

Adj

overjoyed in high spirits

e late

out bring,bear

exult felicity

V N

rejoice happiness 互见:elicity

appropriaten ess (of a remark, choice, etc) 狂笑,哄笑 (also V) 无忧无虑的,快 乐的,轻松的 jaunty Adj guffaw N boisterous laughter lighthearted animated easy and carefree 高兴的 欢乐的 cheerfulness jollity N gaiety 互见:guffN. 废话; 胡说,瞎扯 互见: jaunt 短途旅 行

166

天性善良的 好的 高兴的,愉快的 欢笑

jovial

Adj

good-natured merry

● mirth

N

merriment laughter

互见:myth

欢乐歌 赞美歌 高兴的 有希望的 乐天的

paean

N

song of praise or joy cheerful hopeful

互见:ocean

█ sanguine

Adj

sangui

blood

隆重庆祝 隆重的 欢乐 庆祝 庆祝

ceremonious

Adj

marked by formality joyous celebratory fest festival

festive

Adj

jubilation

N

rejoicing

(jubilant,Adj)

兴奋 泡腾,沸腾 兴奋,活泼 (● effervescent,Adj)

● effervescence

N

inner excitement or █ exuberance bubbling from fermentation or carbonation

ef=ex ferv

out boil

诙谐的
167

诙谐的 诙谐的

jocose

Adj

given to joking said or done in jest

● jocular

Adj

乐观 可漂浮的,乐观 的 buoyant Adj able to float cheerful and █ optimistic █ optimist N person who looks on the good side 互见: buoy N. 浮标; 浮筒;救生圈;航标 vt. 使浮起; 支撑; 鼓 励 opt wish

乐观者

愉快的 愉快的 (令人) ,礼貌的 愉快的 (使人) 爽快的,愉快的 (使人)

amenities

N

convenient features courtesies

delectable

Adj

delightful delicious

de lect ex hilar-

away read out glad

█ exhilarating

Adj

invigorating and refreshing cheering

柔和 愉快 温和 嬉戏的 闹着玩的 嬉戏的 雀跃

suavity

N

banity polish

frolicsome

Adj

prankish gay

gambol

V

skip leap
168

互见:gamble

耍闹 嬉戏 (also N) 嬉戏的 玩闹的 滑稽的 幽默 爱开玩笑的 滑稽的 buffoonery N sportive Adj

playfully

playful

互见:sport

clowning

互见 buff: N. 浅黄 色;软皮; (俚)健康 的身体 V. 有软皮摩擦;缓 冲;擦亮,抛光某物

rebuff V.回绝 (also N)

作秀,滑稽

burlesque

V

give an imitation that ridicules joking (often inappropriate ly) humorous

互见:burl N. 瘤; 互见: bur N. 刺果; 树节;节 vt. 去掉节 芒刺;钻头 vt. 从? 除去芒刺 fac 互见:facet face, forehead

诙谐的;爱开玩 笑的;滑稽的

facetious

Adj

逗弄 干着急 (使其) 滑稽的 幽默的

tantalize

V

tease torture with disappointme nt

tort

twist

uproarious

Adj.

marked by commotion extremely funny very noisy.

互见:uproar N. 骚 动;喧嚣

滑稽的

waggish

Adj

mischievous
169

互见:wag Vi. 摆 动;喋喋不休;蹒跚

爱开玩笑的 (wag, N) 取悦

humorous tricky

而行 n. 摇摆;爱说笑打趣 的人 互见:ratify

gratify

V

please

七情之喜乐——笑——另见“嘲笑,开玩笑” 得意的笑 痴笑 傻笑 傻笑 窃笑 (also V) 神经质的笑 (also V) 可笑的,嘲弄的,滑稽的 可笑的,嘲弄的 可笑的,滑稽的 不重要的 bantering Adj good-natured ridiculing laughable ● trifling delud,lus 互见:ridiculous 可笑的用词错误 malapropism N comic misuse of a word malaprop badly to the purpose off play titter N chortle V chuckle with delight smirk smile affectedly smirk N conceited smile half-stifled laugh nervous laugh 互见:irk 互见:simple

simper

V

snicker

N

互见: sneak,sneaker

ludicrous

Adj

开玩笑,揶揄 取消 开玩笑 chaffing Adj bantering
170

chaff N. 糠;谷壳;

(also N)

joking

无价值的东西 vi. 开玩笑;打趣

开玩笑,揶揄 取消 得意与扫兴 垂涎 幸灾乐祸,洋洋 得意 扫兴的人 煞风景

badinage

NV

teasing conversation

gloat

V

express evil satisfaction view malevolently

互见: groat N. 些许, 少许的金钱;昔日英 国的四便士银币

killjoy

N

grouch spoilsport

kill joy,这还用记 吗?

七情之喜乐——程度过分——放荡,放肆,放纵,纵情 放荡,放纵,放肆 不合习俗的 Adj unconventio bohemian 放荡不羁的,波 希米亚的,波希 米亚语的 n. 波 希米亚人;波希 米亚语;放浪者 废物,糠,假货, chaff 开玩笑,打趣 堕落,放荡 N nal (in an artistic way)

worthless products of an endeavor corrupt seduce from virtue seduce=duct apart lead

debauch

V

堕落,腐坏

█ depravity

N

extreme corruption wickedness

放纵,挥霍

dissolute

Adj

loose in morals

dis solute

apart loosen

171

过度的 极端的 放纵的 不道德的 下流的 放纵的

█ intemperate

Adj

immoderate excessive extreme

temper 互见: temperate

moderate

licentious

Adj

amoral lewd and lascivious

lic sci

be permitted know

unrestrained 放荡,旷野 纵酒狂欢 orgy N wild, drunken revelry

unrestrained indulgence in a tendency 放荡的 放肆的 不检点的 N.浪荡 子 下流的 放荡的 亵渎的 闷热的,酷热的 放荡的 粗暴的 纵情逸乐之徒 放肆的 肆虐的 sybarite N lover of luxury violent 互见:bridle N. 缰 绳;马勒;系带;约 束物 vt. 控制;给装 马勒 vi. 昂首表示轻蔑; 生
172

● profligate

Adj

dissipated wasteful wildly immoral

pro flig

forward drive

ribald

Adj

wanton █ profane

互见: bald Adj. 秃顶 的;光秃的;单调的; 无装饰的 vi. 变秃

sultry

Adj

sweltering

unbridled

Adj

气 放荡不羁的 不受限制的 uninhibited Adj unrepressed un in hab 荒唐的 挥霍的 放荡的 不受限制的 废物 饭桶 放荡的人 wastrel N wanton Adj unrestrained willfully █ malicious unchaste ● profligate 互见:waste 互见:wonton 云吞 not in have (不拿在手中)

冲动的,鲁莽的,一时冲动的,即兴的 冲动的,鲁莽的 impetuous Adj violent hasty rash 刺激,驱动 incentive N spur motive 一时冲动的 即兴的 impromptu Adj without previous preparation off the cuff on the spur of the moment pro mpt=empt 互见:prompt forward take (最先去拿) im petu on,upon strive

狂 狂喜 狂喜 enrapture V please intensely
173

rap

snatch (夺取)

(使其) 运输 狂喜 (also V. transport N strong emotion

(secondary meaning) 疯狂的 疯狂的,狂暴的 疯狂的 berserk ad demented V Adj frenzied insane de ment amentia,dementia 发狂的 frenetic Adj frenzied frantic 疯狂的 无理智的 滑稽的 疯狂的 狂暴,狂热 狂暴 喧嚣 boisterous Adj violent rough noisy 狂暴的 激烈的 狂热的,盲目的 █ fanaticism N rabid Adj like a fanatic furious excessive zeal extreme devotion to a █ belief or
174

away think,mind

maniacal

Adj

raging mad insane

man

hand

zany

Adj

crazy comic

互见:rapid

phan (fan)

appearance

cause 狂热好战分子 侵略主义者 (jingoism, N) jingoist N extremely aggressive and militant patriot warlike chauvinist 狂热地描述 写狂想文,作狂 想曲 rhapsodize V to speak or write in an exaggeratedl y enthusiastic manner fanatic person who shows excessive zeal 狂想的,轻狂,专横 空想的 狂想的 自大 轻狂 专横 █ presumptuous Adj quixotic Adj idealistic but impractical overconfiden t pre sumptu before take zeal N:热心 zealous: Adj.热心的 互见:jingoN. 沙文主 义者; Adj. 侵略性的 jingoisticAdj. 侵略 分子的,强硬外交政 策的;极端爱国主义 的 互见:jingoism N. 侵略主义; 沙文主义; 武力外交政策

狂热者

█ zealot

N

impertinently bold taking liberties

……狂 纵火者 (also Adj)

incendiary

N

arsonist

互见: incandescent 白炽 的

in =into cand=white,bright

175

纵火狂

pyromaniac (口语:pyro N. 纵火狂;烟花制造 术)

N

person with an insane desire to set things on fire

pyr prye:火葬用的柴堆 pyrotechnics:N.烟 火,军用烟火(指照 明弹、烟雾弹等) klept omaniac 互见: kleptoscopeN. [光][军][船] 潜望镜 psychparanoia-

fire

偷窃狂 盗窃癖

kleptomaniac (=klepto)

N

person who has a compulsive desire to steal

steal (偷窃) 狂

妄想狂 偏执狂

paranoia

N

psychosis marked by delusions of grandeur or persecution person who enjoys his own pain inclined to cruelty

mind,soul beside mind

受虐狂

masochist

N

虐待狂的 残忍成性的

sadistic

Adj

七情之二怒、恨、生气、愤、愠、——恨、仇、报仇、报复怨恨、 激怒 怒气 激怒,打扰 ire agitate N V anger stir up disturb 激怒,纠缠 badger V pester annoy 激怒 exasperate V vex ex out rough (使非常粗
176

ag

act

asper 被激怒 fret V to be annoyed or vexed enrage infuriate 激怒,热火 互见:freight,

暴)

激怒

incense

V

cense 互见:censorious Adj.批判的, in furi 互见:little

fire

infuriate

V

enrage anger

in fury

烦恼 激怒 荨麻 激怒 溃烂 化脓 激怒

nettle

V

annoy vex

rankle

V

irritate fester

互见:ankle, rank,

rile

V

vex irritate muddy

互见:tile

激怒 惹恼

vex

N

annoy distress

互见:convex: 凸

愤怒 愤怒的 生气的 愤怒 不满 (also V)

irate

Adj

angry

互见:pirate

pique

N

irritation resentment

resent 互见:piquet N. 皮 克牌(一种牌戏) ;哨 兵

again feel (再次感觉—怒 气油然而生)

177

恼火 愤怒 脾气坏,易发怒 脾气坏 吝啬 脾气坏 易发怒 易发怒的 脾气坏 脾气坏的

wrath

N

anger fury

互见:rice

curmudgeon

N

churlish, █ miserly individual ill humored irritable

cur misercant, chant,cent

run misery (一起受难) sing

cantankerous

Adj

choleric

Adj

hot-tempered

互见: chole N. 胆; 胆汁 petu strive

petulant

Adj

touchy peevish

易怒的, 发脾气---暴怒 易怒的 testy Adj irritable 互见:tasty

short-temper ed 易怒的 暴躁的 铅灰色的 青一块紫一块的 暴怒的 发脾气 暴怒 n. 胆汁;五倍 子;怨恨;苦味 irascible Adj irritable easily angered livid Adj lead-colored black and blue enraged tantrum N fit of petulance caprice gall V annoy chafe
178

sci

know

互见:gale 大风 一阵感情的爆发

vt. 烦恼;屈辱; 磨伤 vi. 被磨伤 不满的 不满现状的 (also Adj) malcontent N person dissatisfied with existing state of affairs mal content badly 满足的

义愤---愤恨 义愤 愤慨 愤恨 嫉妒 怨恨 愤恨 begrudge V indignation N anger at an injustice resent in dign resent not worthy again feel (再次感觉—怒 气油然而生) again feel (再次感觉—怒 气油然而生)

resentment

N

indignation bitterness displeasure

resent

愤世嫉俗 (cynic, N 愤世 嫉俗的人)

cynical

Adj

█ skeptical or distrustful of human motives

恨---仇恨,憎恨 仇恨 可恨的 可耻的 痛恨的 (使其令人) ,声 名狼藉 吃惊的 egregious Adj █ animosity N active █ enmity hateful vile notorious e=ex greg conspicuousl y bad or shocking
179

anim

breath (mind)

● odious

Adj

互见: odium 讨厌

out collect (离开群体)

(令人) 憎恨 (abhorrence, N) 憎恨 仇恨 █ enmity N abhor V detest hate ab hor away tremble (毛发竖立地 离开) not love

ill will hatred

en mi

仇,报复 报复

reprisal

N

retaliation

re pris

again,back seize back talion(报复)

报仇 (retaliate,V)

retaliation

N

repayment in kind (usually for bad treatment)

re tali

报复性的

v█ indictive

Adj

out for revenge █ malicious

in dict

into say

复仇

avenge

V

take vengeance for something (or on behalf of someone)

venge

to avenge (报仇)

复仇的人 寻衅者 复仇 补偿 惩罚

nemesis

N

someone seeking revenge vengeance tribut pay,bestow

retribution

N

compensatio n punishment
180

for offenses 深仇 世仇 不友好,敌意 讨厌,敌意 (█ adversity, N) 孤立,树敌 alienate V adverse Adj unfavorable hostile ad vers,vert to to turn vendetta N blood feud

make hostile separate

alien

othr

敌意

animus

N

hostile feeling or intent unfriendlines s hatred

anim

breath (mind)

不友好,敌意

hostility

N

hostile

敌意的

不友好的 敌意的 有害的

inimical

Adj

unfriendly hostile harmful █ detrimental

讨厌的 冒犯的

obnoxious

Adj

offensive

ob=ab Nox=noc

toward harm

七情之喜——悲、哀、愁、多愁善感、沮丧、哭、不乐、忧郁 悲哀的 悲伤的 哀叹,悲伤 bemoan V █ lament express disapproval of moan 悲悼

181

悲哀的 悲哀的

lugubrious woe

Adj N

mournful deep, inconsolable grief affliction suffering

哀伤的 悲观主义者

plaintive █ pessimism

Adj N

mournful █ belief that life is basically bad or evil gloominess

plain

beat the breast

悲伤 沮丧 悲伤 (使) 焦虑 (使) 悲伤的

disconsolate

Adj

sad

dis consol

not console (安慰)

distraught

Adj

upset distracted by anxiety

互见: raughty['r? :ti]Adj. 愉快的;痛快的(等 于 rorty)

doleful

Adj

sorrowful

dole N. 失业救济金; 赈济物;施舍品 vt. 发放救济; 以小份 发给

悲伤,恸哭 (█ lamentation, N)

█ lament

V

grieve express sorrow

lameAdj. 跛足的; 僵 痛的;不完全的;无 说服力的;差劲的, 蹩脚的 V. 使跛;使成 残废互见 grief N.

沮丧 沮丧 (使) dismay V discourage frighten dis may intensive frighten

182

害怕 (使) (also N) 没情绪的,沮丧 的 沮丧 dispirited Adj lacking in spirit disheartened sad di=dis spir deprive of breathe

downcast

Adj

七情之喜—— 乡愁、多愁善感、 想家 乡愁 (nostalgic,Adj) 多愁善感 maudlin Adj █ nostalgia N homesicknes s longing for the past effusively sentimental sent 互见:maud N. 灰色 条纹呢;灰格子呢旅 行毯 sent feel feel Nost alg pain (痛苦)

过分多愁善感 感情脆弱到令 人作呕的

mawkish

Adj

mushy and gushy icky-sticky sentimental maudlin

七情之哀——哭 哭, 流鼻涕,啜泣 爱哭的 悲伤,恸哭 (█ lamentation, N) 流鼻涕 snivel V lachrymose Adj producing tears grieve express sorrow run at the
183

█ lament

V

互见 grief N.

啜泣 鼻涕一把泪一把

nose snuffle whine

不乐 闷闷不乐

moodiness

N

fits of depression or gloom

忧 忧郁的 沮丧的 (despondency, N) 忧郁, 经济 悲伤

█ despondent

Adj

depressed gloomy

dis pon

apart put

doldrums

N

blues █ listlessness slack period

dold

萧条期;意 志消沉; 赤 道无风带
忧郁 melancholy Adj

gloomy █ morose blue

melan chol

black bile (黑胆汁)

沉思默想的 忧心忡忡的

pensive

Adj

dreamily thoughtful thoughtful with a hint of sadness

pens 互见: pensee[pa:’se]冥想 录

weigh (向前方垂直 _倾向)

contemplativ e

184

忧郁的 忧心忡忡的 心存疑虑的 有疑问的 踌躇 忧郁 (also N) 担忧,疑虑 郁闷 郁闷 (使) 郁闷的 乖僻的

problematic

Adj

doubtful unsettled

questionable perplexing scruple V fret about hesitate, for █ ethical reasons misgivings N doubts

disgruntle

V

make discontented

互见:gruntle['ɡ r? ntl]Vi. 嘀咕,咕哝 Vt. 使高兴,使满意

█ morose

Adj

ill-humored sullen melancholy

七情之爱——爱好、嗜好、喜欢、偏爱、溺爱、爱情——好色、淫荡 爱好 爱好,嗜好 喜欢 副业,业余爱好 gusto N enjoyment enthusiasm 互见:gustN. 风味; 一阵狂风;趣味 Vi. 一阵阵地劲吹 avocation N secondary or minor occupation avoc,voke not (to call;) voice (非正 式职业)

爱——偏爱、溺爱 可爱的,友好 的,惬意的 amiable Adj agreeable lovable warmly
185

am

love

friendly 娇养,溺爱 coddle V to treat gently 互见:cod N. [鱼] 鳕 鱼;愚弄;哄骗 V. 欺 骗;愚弄 互见:dotesabbr. 药 互见:antidote 物剂量记录和治疗紧 药 急症状(dosage record and treatment emergent symptom) 解

昏聩 溺爱

dote

V

be excessively fond of show signs of mental decline

宽容,纵容,溺 爱

indulgent

Adj

humoring yielding lenient

不完善的 偏爱的

partial

Adj

incomplete having a liking for something

part

part

偏爱 偏好 盲目爱国主义 (chauvinistic,A dj),沙文主义 爱管闲事的 爱管闲事的 好事的 好插手的 多管闲事的

predilection

N

partiality preference

pre dilection

before choose out from others

chauvinist

N

blindly devoted patriot

meddlesome

Adj

interfering

officious

Adj

meddlesome excessively pushy in offering
186

互见:officials

one's services 爱管闲事的,无 理的 爱管闲事的人 实用主义者 pert Adj impertinent forward pragmatist N practical person im per 互见:pragmatic 实 际的 注重实效的 not thoroughly

爱情 爱情的

amorous

Adj

moved by sexual love loving

am

love

爱情的 坠入爱河的 爱慕 爱的表示

enamored

Adj

in love

en am

in love

endearment

N

fond statement

婚姻 未婚的,独身的 (celibacy, N)

celibate

Adj

unmarried abstaining from sexual intercourse

互见:c,elebrate 庆 祝,赞扬,表扬

独身,n. 孤独; 隐 solitude 居;荒僻的地方

N

state of being alone █ seclusion

sol seclaus=close=clud= clus be troth

alone apart shut,close (在前面 关闭) to make truth(真实) (宣布 真相)

订婚 (betrothal, N) 婚姻的

betroth

V

become engaged to marry pertaining to marriage
187

marital

Adj

婚姻的 Adj. 婚礼
的;结婚的;婚姻 的 n. 婚礼

nuptial

Adj

related to marriage

婚姻的;结 婚的;夫妻 之间的

conjugal

Adj

婚姻的; 结 婚的;夫妻 之间的

好色的 好色 动机不纯 (lecherous,Adj) 淫荡的, 下流的, lewd 好色的 猥亵的 好色的 渴望的 prurient Adj having or causing lustful thoughts and desires lascivious lustful pru=pro before Adj lechery N lustfulness impurity in thought and deed lustful lust (luc) bright lust (luc) bright

好色的 淫荡的 轻佻的 轻佻的 嬉皮笑脸的

salacious

Adj

sal,(san) sci

whole (健全 know

█ frivolous

Adj

lacking in seriousness

frivlo

silly

(frivolity, N)

self-indulgen tly carefree relatively
188

unimportant 轻佻,轻浮 █ levity N lack of seriousness lightness 调情 轻佻的人 philanderer N faithless lover flirt 感官的 肉体的,肉欲的 肉体的 carnal 欲望的 肉体的,物质的 Adj fleshly carn carnalism N.肉欲主 义,享乐主义 corporeal Adj bodily material 感官的 肉欲的 感官论的 sensual Adj devoted to the pleasures of the senses carnal voluptuous 温和的,友好礼貌的,友善,友谊 温和的,友好礼 貌的 amicable Adj politely friendly not quarrelsome 友谊 友情 温文尔雅 友好 amity camaraderie N N friendship good-fellows hip friendly aiming to please
189

lev

raise,light

phi

love

flesh (肉)

corp

body

sens vol

feel(感觉) will (意志力,意志)

am

love

am

love

debonair

Adj

殷勤 友善 fraternize V associate in a friendly way frater 互见: fraternity (手 足之情) brother

密切关系 密切相关 germane Adj pertinent bearing upon the case at hand 亲缘关系 affinity N kinship af fin 相互的关系 (correlate,V) 互相的 互动的 互惠的 exchangeabl e interacting 慈善的 慈善的 █ benevolent Adj generous charitable 慈善家 █ philanthropist N lover of mankind doer of good bene vol phi anthrop good wish love human reciprocal Adj correlation N mutual relationship mutual to end 互见:german

热情,感情爆发 移情作用,心入 empathy (empathize,V)

N

ability to identify with another's feelings,
190

em=en passi,pati,path

in suffer,feelings

ideas, etc 大风 一阵感情的爆发 gale N windstorm gust of wind emotional outburst (laughter, tears) 闷烧 随时准备爆发 smolder V burn without flame be liable to break out at any moment 神韵 活力 热情 verve N enthusiasm liveliness 互见:regaleV 取悦, 娱乐,享受

激烈的 激烈的 热心肠的 有激情的 (ardor, N) 激烈的 热烈的 (vehemence, N)

● ardent

Adj

intense passionate █ zealous

ard arid

burn 干燥的

vehement

Adj

forceful intensely emotional with marked █ vigor

vehe ment

carry think,mind

激情的,热情的 激情澎湃的 (effusion, N) 激情的 erotic Adj effusive Adj pouring forth gushing pertaining to
191

fus

flow

passionate love 有激情的 热带的 热情的,激动的 (ebullience, N) torrid Adj passionate hot or scorching ● ebullient Adj showing excitement overflowing with enthusiasm █ fervor N glowing ardor intensity of feeling 热情洋溢的喝彩 ovation N enthusiastic applause 互见:oval ferv 互见:favor, fever boil e=ex bul out boil

热情 激情

热心,热诚 热望 热心于 (aspiration, N) 热心 热诚 (█ zealous,Adj) 热心的追随者 非常激动 devotee N enthusiastic follower frenzy great excitement zeal N eager enthusiasm zeal: N.热心 █ aspire V seek to attain long for spir breathe

furor

N

冷淡的,冷漠的
192

冷淡 凄凉

● bleak

Adj

cold or cheerless unlikely to be favorable

互见:leak

冷淡

█ nonchalance

N

indifference lack of concern █ composure

Non chal

not care for

冷淡的 微热的 冷漠的 远离的 (secondary meaning) 冷漠的

tepid

Adj

lukewarm

distant

Adj

█ reserved or █ aloof cold in manner

impassive

Adj

without feeling

passi,pati,path im per turb

suffer,feelings not thoroughly disturb

imperturbabl e stoical 倦怠的,冷漠的 █ listless Adj lacking in spirit or energy state of █ apathy daze lack of awareness

互见:list

冷漠 漠不关心

stupor

N

无情、硬心肠,坏心肠 硬心肠的,无情 callous 的

Adj

hardened

互见:call

193

(callus, N) 没有表情的 呆板的 变化无常的 薄情的 无情的 残酷的 ● inexorable Adj fickle Adj deadpan Adj

unfeeling wooden impersonal changeable faithless relentless unyielding implacable in ex ora gratnot out speak please

忘恩负义者 不领情的人 迟钝的 硬心肠的

ingrate

N

ungrateful person unconscious

insensible

Adj

sci sens

know feel (感觉)

unresponsive 坏心肠的 malevolent Adj wishing evil malevol 无情的 ruthless Adj pitiless cruel badly, ill will

同情,亲切,亲密 怜悯,同情 commiserate V feel or express pity or sympathy for cheerfulness kindliness sympathy 亲切 衷心 亲密 intimacy N █ cordial Adj gracious heartfelt closeness, often
194

commiser-

together misery (一起受难)

亲切 同情

geniality

N

gen

produce,race

cord

heart

互见:intimate

隐私 (intimate,Adj)

affectionate privacy familiarity

七情之恶——邪恶、可恶、恶劣、恶毒、流氓 恶棍 痞子 无赖、恶魔、鬼怪、神、异、奇、 巫术,魔术,妖术,招魂术 不正当的,邪恶 的,做作的 硬脖子的 丑恶的 露出嘴脸的 unwholesom e 非常坏的 残忍的 恶名昭著的 臭名昭著的,恶 名远扬的 █ flagrant Adj conspicuousl y wicked blatant outrageous infamous Adj notoriously bad in fame not speak (远离了名 声) mark flagr burn perverse Adj stubbornly wrongheaded wicked and perverted seamy Adj sordid 互见:seam per vers,vert thoroughly to turn

臭名昭著的 (notorious,Adj) 不高贵的 不光彩的

█ notoriety

N

disrepute ill fame

not

ignoble

Adj

of lowly origin unworthy

可恶 可恶的,非常糟

abominable

Adj

detestable
195

ab

away



extremely unpleasant very bad

omin

omen(有前兆而离 开)

可恶的,深恶痛 绝 (令人) 可恨的 可耻的

heinous

Adj

atrocious hatefully bad

● odious

Adj

hateful vile

odium 讨厌

恶劣 巨大的, 严重的, enormity 极恶劣

N

hugeness (in a bad sense)

互见: enormous

曝光,揭露 暴露 (于疾病、恶劣的 环境等)的状态

exposure

N

risk, particularly of being exposed to disease or to the elements unmasking act of laying somethingop en

pos-

place; put

十恶不舎的

● nefarious

Adj

very wicked

ne fa

not speak

恶意 恶意的,有害的

baleful

Adj

deadly having a malign influence █ ominous
196

互见: bale Vt. 将某 物打成包或包装成捆 n. 大包,大捆;货物

邪恶的 邪恶的 (iniquity, N)

iniquitous

Adj

wicked immoral unrighteous

邪恶的 驱邪

sinister exorcise

Adj V

evil drive out evil spirits ex orc 互见:exercise out oath (N. 誓言, 誓约; 诅咒,咒骂)

流氓,恶棍,痞子,无赖 流氓 无赖 恶棍 (knavery, N); (纸牌中的)杰 克 流氓 恶棍 痞子 流氓,无赖 scamp N rascal ruffian N knave N untrustworth y person rogue scoundrel knive (knife 复数)

bully scoundrel

毒气,恶毒 毒蜘蛛 沼气 瘴气,毒气 天然气

tarantula

N

venomous spider swamp gas heavy, vaporous atmosphere, often emanating from
197

miasma

N

pervas-=vade

thoroughly to go (行走)

decaying matter █ pervasive corrupting influence 毒液 恶毒 恶毒的 (malice, N) 有毒的 (toxicity, N) 剧毒的 ● virulent Adj extremely poisonous hostile bitter 无害的,无辜的 █ innocuous Adj harmless in noc 互见:innocuity not harm toxic Adj █ malicious Adj venom N poison hatred hateful spiteful poisonous tox poison mali bad

恶臭 恶臭的 恶臭的

fetid malodorous

Adj Adj

malodorous foul-smelling mal odor badly 香味

有害的,有毒的 恶臭的

noisome

Adj

foul-smelling

互见:noise

unwholesom e 恶臭的 腐烂的 (putrescence, putrid Adj foul rotten decayed
198

互见:put,rid

互见: rid Vt. 使摆 脱;使去掉

N)

恶化 恶化

degenerate

V

become worse deteriorate

de gen

down produce,race

恶化,加剧

█ exacerbate

V

worsen embitter

ex acerb

out of, fully sour

厌恶,讨厌,憎恶,抵制 反对,厌恶 ● antipathy

N

█ aversion dislike

passi,pati,path

suffer,feelings

不情愿,厌恶

█ disinclination

N

unwillingnes s

dis in clin

not towards bend year

厌倦 厌恶的 (令人) 冗长乏味的 (irk,V) 厌恶 憎恶 厌恶人类的人 憎人者 讨厌的 冒犯的 讨厌 憎恶

ennui irksome

N Adj

boredom annoying tedious

enn

loathe

V

detest

● misanthrope

N

one who hates mankind offensive

mis=misein anthrop ob=ab Nox=noc

hate man,human toward harm

obnoxious

Adj

odium

N

detestation hatefulness
199

互见: odious 可恨的 可耻的

disrepute 厌烦,腻味 不一致的 讨厌的 (令人) 厌恶的 不好吃的 味道糟糕的 disagreeable unpalatable Adj distasteful palatable ['p? l?t?bl] Adj. 美味的,可口 的;愉快的 pall V grow tiresome loathsome hateful 互见:paul

● repugnant

Adj

-pugn-

fight

抵制 厌恶,抵制

█ aversion

N

firm dislike

a-=abs vers,vert

away to turn

抵制

boycott

V

refrain from buying or using abstain from resist re frain back break(拉回马的缰

抵制 抵抗 远离,节制

refrain

V

绳)

神 神化,神圣化, 神化 deify V turn into a god idolize 神化,典范 apotheosis N elevation to godhood an ideal example of something
200

dei

god

apothe(o) -sis-

related god condition

神圣化 神圣化的

anoint hallowed

V Adj

consecrate blessed consecrated 互见:hallow Vt. 使...神圣;把?视为 神圣 n. 圣徒

神圣的 非常神圣的 sacrosanct Adj most sacred inviolable 无敌的 神圣不可亵渎的 sacr sanct sacred sacred(比神圣更神 圣的) Violent,violence 暴 力

inviolable

Adj

secure from corruption, attack, or violation unassailable

violable Adj. 易受侵 犯的;可亵渎的;可 违反的

神一样的 谜一样的 超自然的,无法 理解的

oracular

Adj

prophetic uttered as if with divine authority mysterious or █ ambiguous

ora 互见:oracle

speak,pray

假正经的 假装神圣的

sanctimonious

Adj

displaying █ ostentatious or █ hypocritical devoutness

hypocrit sanct

under judge sacred(比神圣更神 圣的)

神权有关的 神权政治 theocracy N government run by religious leaders school for training future
201

theo crat

god ruler

神学院 学院

seminary

N

semin

seed

发祥地

ministers academy for young women

神职的 (also N) 解除神职

ecclesiastic

Adj

pertaining to the church to strip a priest or minister of church authority denying the existence of god one who is █ skeptical of the existence or knowability of a god or any ultimate reality in buddhist teachings, the ideal state in which the individual loses himself in the attainment of an impersonal beatitude frock N. 女装;连衣 裙;僧袍;罩袍

unfrock

V

无神论

atheistic

Adj

a the agnos

without god not know(事先知道)

无神论者(神不 可知论者) (also Adj)

agnostic

N

涅磐

nirvana

N

异端 少数意见,异端 █ heresy N opinion contrary to
202

here

stick

(heretic, N)

popular █ belief opinion contrary to accepted religion

非主流 异端

heterodox

Adj

unorthodox

heter dox-

other, different opinion not right not trust other, different race,produce,

unconventio nal 异教徒,异端 不信宗教的 异类,异种 不纯 (heterogenity, N) 多样的 各异的 diverge V vary go in different directions from the same point heterogeneous Adj dissimilar mixed

un orth-

infidel

N

unbeliever

in fid heterogen

dis verg var

apart to incline (倾向,倾 斜) diverse(不同的); to change (变化)

反复无常,一时幻想,奇怪的想法 反复无常 一时幻想 奇怪的想法 反复无常的 █ capricious Adj caprice N sudden, unexpected fancy whim unpredictabl e fickle
203

caper

跳跃

caper

跳跃

反复无常 怪僻

quirk

N

startling twist caprice

古怪的,奇怪的,怪异的,离奇古怪的 古怪的,奇怪的 eccentric Adj irregular odd █ whimsical bizarre 古怪的,离奇的 (特性,特质) (█ idiosyncratic,A dj) 古怪的 嘲弄的 好奇的 (令人) 古怪的,无常的 █ whimsical Adj quizzical Adj █ idiosyncrasy N individual trait, usually odd in nature eccentricity idio syn crasy personal together mixing ec centric out centric

teasing bantering █ mocking curious █ capricious fanciful

(whimsy, N) 怪僻,古怪 特性 怪异的 eccentricity N oddity █ idiosyncrasy bizarre Adj fantastic violently contrasting 怪异的 怪异,稀奇古怪 的 eerie grotesque Adj Adj weird fantastic comically
204

意大利语 grotta =grotto (洞穴)

由古老洞穴中发现的 壁画而来的灵感

hideous 离奇古怪的想 法,自负,自大 conceit N vanity or self-love █ whimsical idea extravagant metaphor 离奇古怪,怪里 怪气滑稽可笑 droll Adj queer and amusing 互见:drill con ceit =ceive together take(一手全包)

离奇古怪的 做的精巧的 过时的

quaint

Adj

odd

old-fashione d picturesque

离奇的

uncanny

Adj

strange mysterious

canny Adj. 精明的, 谨慎的;节约的 ordin order

奇的 独一无二的 (singularity, N) 奇怪的 不可预测的

singular

Adj

unique

extraordinary odd █ erratic Adj odd

unpredictabl e 奇怪、出格的行 为,胡闹 escapade N prank flighty conduct fancy N notion whim
205

es-=exout of one’s cape 迅速脱掉外套

out cape: 无袖的短外套

奇特 想象爱好

inclination (also Adj) 奇闻轶事 █ anecdote N short account of an amusing or interesting event not native strange outlandish Adj bizarre peculiar “外面的土地的”

奇异的,异国情 调陌生的,外来 的, 奇异的 偏僻的 前卫的

exotic

Adj

unconventio nal 拐弯抹角的 偏僻的 █ devious Adj roundabout █ erratic not straightforwa rd 新奇的 创新的 新奇 (█ novel,Adj) 奇才 天才 斯堪的纳维亚 的传说 传奇 innovative Adj █ novel introducing a change █ novelty N something new newness prodigy N marvel highly gifted child saga N scandinavian myth any legend
206

nov

new

nov

new

saga

wisedom

七情之欲 恳求 乞求,恳求 beseech V beg plead with 恳求 entreat V plead ask earnestly 恳求 implore V beg im plore 恳求 into flow out (流着眼泪 央求)

solicit

V

request earnestly seek

恳求 祈祷

supplicate

V

petition humbly pray to grant a favor

sup-=subplic

under fold (把身体向下弯 曲)

恳请,借助于, 找来,调用

invoke

V

call upon ask for

期望,渴望 担心的 关切的 期望的 渴望 瘾 渴望的 wistful Adj yen N longing urge vaguely longing sadly
207

█ solicitous

Adj

worried concerned

thoughtful

要求,求助, 要求,需要 牵涉到

entail

V

require necessitate involve

求助 求援

recourse

N

resorting to help when in trouble

re course

back run

中医七情之恐、惧、怕、畏、胆子 恐怖的,惧怕,可怕的 大吃一惊 目瞪口呆 (flabbergast,V) 恐怖的 毛骨悚然的 恐怖的,可怕的 可怕的 gruesome Adj grisly horrible 耸人听闻的 可怕的 惨白的 血红的 恐怖 懦弱的 优柔寡断的 懦弱 quail V phobia pusillanimous N Adj ● lurid Adj wild sensational graphic gruesome morbid fear cowardly fainthearted cower
208

flabbergasted

Adj

astounded astonished overcome with surprise

ghastly grisly

Adj Adj

horrible ghastly

sens

feel(感觉)

phobia anim

fear breath (mind)

胆怯 担心,害怕 担惊受怕 愧对良心 qualms N

lose heart misgivings uneasy fears, especially about matters of conscience redoubtable Adj formidable causing fear

可怕的

胆怯

timidity

N

lack of self-confiden ce or courage fear nervous █ apprehensio n ap prehend to seize

惧怕

● trepidation

N

惧外的,仇视外 国人,恐惧外国 人

xenophobia

N

fear or hatred of foreigners

xeno phobia

foreign fear (害怕)

害怕 害怕

█ apprehension

N

fear

ap prehend

to seize unintimidating

害怕 (使) 害怕的

█ intimidate

V

frighten

互见:无惧的

timorous

Adj

fearful

demonstratin g fear 敬畏 awe N solemn wonder
209

懦弱的 优柔寡断的 懦弱 胆怯

pusillanimous

Adj

cowardly fainthearted

anim

breath (mind)

quail

V

cower lose heart

无惧的,无畏的,胆大的 无惧的 unintimidating Adj unfrightening 互见:害怕 (使) 无畏的 大胆的 鲁莽的 (audacity, N) 愚勇的 傻大胆儿 胆大的 勇敢 勇敢 诚实 dauntless Adj bold fool█ hardy Adj rash █ intrepid ● audacious Adj Adj fearless daring bold █ intimidate

chivalrous

Adj

courteous faithful brave







courteous: 谦恭的,a.: 有 礼貌的, 注重 礼节的, 彬彬 有礼的; 客气 的 : 【 同 】 courtly, humble, polite

210

勇敢的

fortitude

N

bravery courage

fort

strong

勇敢的,有精神 的 勇气 精神 非常勇猛

gamely

V

bravely with spirit

互见:game

mettle

N

courage spirit

互见:metal

prowess

N

extraordinary ability military bravery

互见: prow [pra? ] n. 船首; 机头 Adj. 勇敢 的

英勇 勇猛

valor

N

bravery

val

strong, worth

中医七情之惊、慌、 惊慌 appall (使) ,震惊 惊讶 (使人) 麻木 (使) 大吃一惊 (使) (stupefaction, N) ● stupefy dumbfound

V

dismay shock

V

astonish

found-

base 基础

V

make numb stun amaze

中医七情之思、虑、想、钻研、探究、研究、反省、推理、意识、印象 沉思 思想敏锐 N acumen mental
211

keenness 深思熟虑的 商讨 沉思冥想 meditation N deliberate V consider ponder reflection thought 沉思 (also N) 沉思默想的 忧心忡忡的 pensive Adj dreamily thoughtful thoughtful with a hint of sadness pens 互见: pensee[pa:’se]冥想 录 weigh (向前方垂直 _倾向) 互 见 : muse V ponder 互见:premeditate

contemplate: :Vt.: 注

contemplativ e

视;思忖;打 算 :Vi.: 默 : 】

思, 思考 【 同

consider, deliberate, meditate, ponder, relect, to

ponder or be thoughtful
212

沉思 考察 深思熟虑 小孔,细口

pore

V

study industriously ponder █ scrutinize

考虑 思考 考虑 开始,构思;设 cerebration N thought 互见: cerebral 脑的; 智力的

cogitate conception

V N

think over beginning forming of an idea con cept with take (被放到~之下 ——蒙受)

想;
(conceive,V)

怀孕;
焦虑(使) ,难受 (使) (● disquietude, N) 内省的 反省的 怀旧 回想 假定,设想 空想,冥想,想象的 假定,设想 采取 (assume,V) assumption N something taken for granted taking over or taking
213

● disquiet

V

make uneasy or anxious

qui

calm,rest

introspective

Adj

looking within oneself recollection

introspecre min

within see,look back mind,think

reminiscence

N

as sume (sump,sumpt,sump tu)

to take

possession of 不现实,空想 chimerical Adj fantastically improbable highly unrealistic imaginative 基于假设的,设 想的,假想的 (hypothesis, N) 冥想 发呆 白日梦 假定 假想 (suppose,V) supposition N hypothesis the act of supposing sup-=subposhypothesis under place; put under place;put █ hypothetical Adj based on assumptions or hypotheses supposed reverie N daydream musing hypothesis under place

假设、假定、假想 假定,设想 assumption 采取 (assume,V)

N

something taken for granted taking over or taking possession of

as sume (sump,sumpt,sump tu)

to take

基于假设的,设 想的,假想的 (hypothesis, N)

█hypothetical

Adj

based on assumptions or hypotheses

hypocrit

under judge

214

supposed 前提 基于的假定 postulate N essential premise underlying assumption 假定 假想 (suppose,V) supposition N hypothesis the act of supposing sup-=sub poshypothesis under place; put under place, put

意识的 意识形态

ideology

N

system of ideas of a group below the threshold sub limin under threshold

低于极限的 下意识的

subliminal

Adj

想象的,没有想象力的 想象的 与外界隔绝 僵化 思想狭窄 (insular,Adj) 没有想象力的, pedestrian 普通的 (secondary meaning) 事实的 平淡的 缺乏想象力的
215

fictitious █ insularity

Adj N

imaginary narrow-mind edness isolation

fict insul

feign(假装) island

Adj

ordinary

unimaginativ e Adj dull and unimaginativ e prose 散文

█ prosaic

matter-of-fact factual 平淡单调的 索然无味的 缺乏想象力的 vapid Adj dull and unimaginativ e █ insipid and flavorless

认知 认知 认知的 cognizance cognitive N Adj knowledge having to do with knowing or perceiving related to the mental processes cognis cognis know know

可行的 可行的 可行的

█ feasible practicable

Adj Adj

practical █ feasible

启示 启示的,启示录 的 apocalyptic Adj prophetic pertaining to revelations apo away from, off

沉着 沉着,垂直

aplomb

N

poise assurance
216

a plom(b)=plum(b)

to vertical

镇定,沉着

█ composure

N

mental calmness

pos-

place; put

奢—奢侈、奢华、奢靡 富足,财富 affluence

N

abundance wealth

富足的 慷慨的 奢华 巨富 富裕,富足 (opulent,Adj)

bountiful

Adj

abundant graciously generous

█ opulence

N

extreme wealth

luxuriousnes s abundance

奢侈的 华丽的 富豪,要人 突出的人物,xx 大王 富豪统治

sumptuous

Adj

█ lavish rich

sumptu

take (拿走许多钱)

magnate

N

person of prominence or influence society ruled by the wealthy

plutocracy

N

浪费 驱散,消散 浪费 dissipate V █ squander waste scatter 富得流油的 精力充沛 浪费,过度 █ exuberance N overflowing abundance joyful enthusiasm
217

flamboyance lavishness 浪费的 (improvidence, N) 浪费的,大方的 (also V) 浪费的 █ prodigal Adj █ lavish Adj liberal wasteful wasteful reckless with money 浪费 █ squander V waste improvident Adj thriftless

慷慨、大方 宽宏大量的 (█ magnanimity, N) 宽宏大量的 慷慨大方的 (munificence, N)

█ magnanimous

Adj

generous

magn anim

great breath (mind)

great-hearted

● munificent

Adj

very generous

muni

service

节俭,俭省、吝啬 谨慎 吝啬 chary Adj cautious sparing or restrained about giving economy N efficiency or █ conciseness in using
218

俭省节约的,经 济的 (secondary

meaning) 俭省节约 (frugal,Adj) 节约 husband V █ frugality N

something thrift economy use sparingly conserve save

吝啬的 贪婪的 坏的 过度俭省 吝啬 节约的使用

█ miserly

Adj

stingy mean

miser-

misery (一起受难)

● parsimony

N

stinginess excessive █ frugality

skimp

V

provide scantily live very economically

节省的 抠包的 不显眼的 朴素的

thrifty

Adj

careful about money economical

unobtrusive

Adj

inconspicuou s not blatant

ob trud,trus

against to thrust, to push

谦虚、谦逊 谦逊 退休的 谦虚的,害羞的 谦逊的 unassuming Adj humility N humbleness of spirit modest shy modest

retiring

Adj

219

令人厌倦的、作呕的 nauseate (令人)作呕的 V cause to become sick fill with disgust (令人)厌倦的 (tedium, N) tedious Adj boring tiring

傲慢、专横、骄傲、 傲慢,骄傲 █ arrogance N pride █ haughtiness 厚颜无耻 傲慢 随便 傲慢 傲慢 不逊 傲慢 (insolent,Adj) insolence N cavalier Adj offhand or casual haughty █ haughtiness N pride █ arrogance impudent disrespect █ haughtiness 傲慢专横的 overbearing Adj bossy and arrogant decisively important 傲慢的, 专横的, scurrilous 自大的 Adj obscene indecent ar-=ad rog to ask rog ask caval=cheval chevalier (骑士) horse brazen Adj insolent rog ask

220

自大的 盲目自大 自满 装模作样 (complacent,A dj) 招摇 炫耀 自命不凡 堂皇 夸张的 grandiose Adj flaunt V bumptious █ complacency Adj N self-assertive self-satisfacti on smugness

display █ ostentatiousl y █ pretentious high-flown ridiculously exaggerated impressive

卖弄的 企图惹人注意 的 哗众取宠的 (ostentation, N) 自命不凡 华而不实 自大

█ ostentatious

Adj

showy █ pretentious trying to attract attention

█ pretentious

Adj

█ ostentatious pompous making unjustified claims overly ambitious

自大的 傲慢的

supercilious

Adj

arrogant

supercili

above eylid(高于眼皮的) to

condescendi
221

ar-=ad

ng patronizing

rog

ask

装腔作势的,装模作样的人,邯郸学步,自我陶醉的人,逞能的人 装腔作势的 装模作样的人 邯郸学步 mincing Adj affectedly dainty person who pretends to be sophisticated , elegant, etc conceited person someone in love with his own image posplace; put

poseur

N

自我陶醉的人 逞能的人

narcissist

N

夸大,夸张、 夸大,华丽 浮夸 自大 (pompous,Adj ) 夸大的 充气的 虚胖的 踩高跷的 夸张的 (bombast, N)

pomposity

N

self-importan t behavior acting like a stuffed shirt

pos-

place; put

stilted

Adj

● bombastic inflated

● bombastic

Adj

pompous using inflated language

夸张

● hyperbole

N

exaggeration
222

overstatemen t 极其夸张 hypercritical Adj excessively exacting exaggerated pompous enlarged (with air or gas) in flat into blow

夸张的,虚华的, inflated 被放大的

Adj

吹嘘、夸 自夸,吹嘘 吹牛

█ braggart ● charlatan

N N

boaster quack pretender to knowledge

吹捧

tout

V

publicize praise excessively

吹毛求疵、挑剔 挑剔的,吹毛求 ● carping 疵 挑剔 (also N) 挑剔的 难伺候的 遁词 狡辩 cavil

Adj

finding fault

V

make █ frivolous objections difficult to please squeamish

ob ject

before throw (抛于眼前的 东西)

█ fastidious

Adj

quibble

N

minor objection or complaint
223

支吾 吹毛求疵 (also V)

谨慎、小心 谨慎的 节约的 慎重的 周到的 小心翼翼地

canny

Adj

shrewd thrifty

互见:uncanny

circumspect

Adj

█ prudent cautious

circumspect

around, round about look (仔细地看周围)

gingerly ad

V

very carefully

互见:ginger ginger N. 姜;姜黄 色;精力;有姜味 Vt. 用姜给?调味; 使某人有活力 Adj. 姜黄色的

机敏的 狡猾的 小心翼翼的

leery

Adj

suspicious cautious

█ meticulous

Adj

excessively careful painstaking █ scrupulous

精明的 明智的 诡计多端的 谨慎的 谨慎的 (prudence, N) 谨小慎微的

politic

Adj

█ expedient █ prudent well advised

█ prudent

Adj

cautious careful

pru=pro

before

punctilious

Adj

laying stress on niceties of
224

punct

prick(刺, 引申为 (突 出之)点)

一丝不苟的 (punctiliousne ss)

conduct or form minutely attentive to fine points (perhaps too much so)

“拘泥于小节的”

小心翼翼的 谨慎的

█ scrupulous

Adj

conscientiou s extremely thorough

sci

know

机警的 小心的

wary

Adj

very cautious

互见:vary

警惕 警惕 警戒线 (also V)

vigilance

N

watchfulness

Vig,veg

lively(快活的,有生 气的) heart

cordon

N

extended line of men or fortifications to prevent access or egress

cord

草率、匆忙 草率 匆忙 匆忙的 突然的 未成熟的 草率的 下降

█ cursory

Adj

casual hastily done

cur

run

precipitate

Adj

rash premature hasty sudden

precipit-

before head

precipitate

V

throw headlong
225

pre-

before

下坠 匆促的 slapdash Adj

hasten haphazard careless sloppy

cipithap hazard

head luck game of dice

粗心 傻 粗心 粗心 玩忽职守的,粗 心大意的 iax remiss Adj Adj █ inane Adj silly senseless careless negligent re miss neg lig=lect back send deny gather sens feel(感觉)

粗俗 粗俗的侮辱,对 身体有害的

abusive

Adj

coarsely insulting physically harmful

笨拙的 粗俗的

uncouth

Adj

outlandish clumsy █ boorish

互见:couth Adj. 有 教养的;温文尔雅的

世俗的 世俗的 现世的 永久的 secular Adj worldly not pertaining to church matters
226

se cul

free from

temporal 世俗的 worldly Adj engrossed in matters of this earth not spiritual

粗暴 严酷,粗暴 asperity N sharpness (of temper) 唐图 直率 粗暴无礼 粗糙的 粗暴的 严酷的考验 折磨 闷热的,酷热的 放荡的 粗暴的 粗暴的 阴沉的 板着脸的 无礼的 粗笨的,粗糙的,粗鲁的 摩擦的,粗糙的, abrasive 研磨剂 (abrade,V) 粗鲁 █ boorish Adj Adj rubbing away tending to grind down rude clumsy
227

asper

rough (粗暴)

brusque

Adj

blunt abrupt

bru 互见:brutal Adj.野 蛮的,残忍的

禽兽

gruff

Adj

rough-manne red severe trial or affliction sweltering ord order

ordeal

N

sultry

Adj

surly

Adj

rude cross

rad,ras

scrape (刮,擦)

互见:boor N. 农民; 粗野的人;不懂礼貌

笨拙 (boor, N) 粗鲁的 churlish Adj

ungentlemanl y █ boorish rude

的人

互见:churl N. 吝啬 鬼;乡下人;粗暴的 人; (中世纪的)农民 cumb =cumberous

互见:chur: 河心沙 洲

粗笨的 累赘 粗糙的 未加工的 粗笨的,粗糙的

cumbersome

Adj

heavy hard to manage

lie down

earthy

Adj

unrefined coarse

gauche

Adj

clumsy coarse and uncouth

古英文 clusen=benumb(使 麻木)

粗手粗脚的处理 野蛮 粗鲁 (truculent,Adj) 蓬乱的 粗野的 不洁的

maul

V

handle roughly aggressivene ss ferocity truculentAdj. 好斗的; 野蛮的;言词刻毒的

truculence

N

● unkempt

Adj

disheveled uncared for in appearance

kemp N. 冠军;粗毛 vi. 收割竞赛

鲁莽的 鲁莽的 temerity N boldness rashness 不相干的 鲁莽的 impertinent Adj insolent rude im per tin (ten,tain) 互见:pertinent
228

audacity

not thoroughly hold

大胆的 鲁莽的 (audacity, N)

● audacious

Adj

daring bold

audacityN. 大胆无 畏的精神,胆识,厚 颜无耻

拙劣、笨拙、糟糕的 可恶的,非常糟 abominable 糕

Adj

detestable extremely unpleasant very bad

ab omin

away omen(有前兆而离 开)

搞砸

bungle

V

mismanage blunder

互见:bungalow 小 平房 ex ecr out sacred(神圣的)

非常糟糕的

execrable

Adj

very bad

可恶的,深恶痛 绝 (令人) 搞砸的 笨拙的 乡村的 笨拙的,不舒服 的 糟糕的 笨拙的

heinous

Adj

atrocious hatefully bad

maladroit

Adj

clumsy bungling

maladroit rust-rur

badly 敏捷的,灵敏的 country

rustic

Adj

pertaining to country people uncouth

ungainly

Adj

awkward clumsy unwieldy

gainly Adj. 姿态优 美的

糟糕的 笨拙的

unwieldy

Adj

awkward cumbersome unmanageabl e

=cumberous

229

未成熟 匆忙的 突然的 未成熟的 草率的 一知半解的 不成熟的

precipitate

Adj

rash premature hasty sudden

precipit-

before head

sophomoric

Adj

immature half-baked, like a sophomore

soph moric

wise, wisdom foolish

一半聪明,一半愚笨
germ

未成熟的,幼芽 的

germinal

Adj

pertaining to a germ creative

未成型的,早期 的,刚开始的, 发展中的

inchoate

Adj

recently begun rudimentary elementary

早熟的 (precocity, N)

█ precocious

Adj

advanced in development

pre coc

幼稚的,天真的 年幼,稚嫩 callow 无经验

Adj

youthful immature

call

inexperience d 天真无邪 cherubic Adj angelic

innocent-loo king

230

婴儿的,幼稚的 天真无邪的少女 扮演天真无邪的 少女的女演员 心无城府的 天真的 幼稚的 可信的 天真烂漫的,简 单的 (█ naive,Adj)

infantile ingenue

Adj N

childish an artless girl an actress who plays such parts

ingenuous

Adj

█ naive and trusting young unsophisticated

█ naiveté

N

quality of being unsophisticat ed simplicity artlessness gullibility

soph

wise, wisdom

省级的 视野不宽的 简单的

█ provincial

Adj

pertaining to a province limited in outlook

soph

wise, wisdom

unsophisticat ed 幼稚的,孩子气 的 翠绿的 生疏的 无经验的 puerile Adj childish puer child

verdant

Adj

green lush in vegetation

美丽、漂亮 漂亮的书法

calligraphy

N

beautiful
231

calli

beautiful

writing excellent penmanship 清秀的,美丽的, comely 漂亮的, 有吸引 力的 漂亮 (把自己打扮) 自我满足 鸟类用嘴梳理羽 毛 美丽 标致 pulchritude N preen Adj attractive agreeable V make oneself tidy in appearance feel self-satisfaction beauty comeliness

graph

write

互见:come

互见:pree Vt. 尝 试;证实 n. 试验

华丽、壮丽 华丽的 华丽的 华丽的 红润的

baroque

Adj

highly ● ornate ● ornate ruddy reddish flowery

baro

weight, pressure

flamboyant ● florid

Adj Adj

flam flor

flame(燃烧) flower

华丽的 过分装饰的

● ornate

Adj

excessively or elaborately decorated

orn e labor

decorate,furnish =ex=out work all

华丽

panache

N

flair

pan

flamboyance

232

俗丽 俗丽,俗气 俗气 颜色太杂 俗丽的 便宜且华而不 实

bedizen

V

dress with vulgar finery over-bright in color gaudy 互见: garnish V.加装 饰,在食物中加调味 料 互见:tardy

garish

Adj

tawdry

Adj

cheap and gaudy

敏锐 聪颖 愚笨傻 敏锐——机敏,聪明,精明,灵巧 聪明 █ astute 敏锐 Adj wise shrewd keen 聪明的 (ingenuity, N) 洞察一切的,渗 透的 机敏的 (perspicacity, N) 精明,敏锐,聪 明 acute Adj perspicacious Adj █ ingenious Adj clever resourceful having insight penetrating █ astute per spic(spec) thorough see

quickly perceptive keen brief and severe

per cept

thorough take (被放到~之下 ——蒙受)

精明 敏锐

shrewd

Adj

clever █ astute

233

精明 稀薄 微妙 (subtle,Adj) 灵巧的 灵巧的,敏锐地

subtlety

N

perceptivene ss ingenuity delicacy

per cept

thorough take (被放到~之下 ——蒙受)

sleight deft

N Adj

dexterity neat skillful

dexter

右侧的

灵巧的 右撇子 敏捷 明晰的 聪明的

dexterous

Adj

skillful

dexter

右侧的

agility █ lucid

N Adj

nimbleness easily understood clear intelligible lucid clear

双手都灵巧

ambidextrous

Adj

capable of using either hand with equal ease

ambi-

about,around, on both side 右侧的 (双手都像右手一样 灵巧的)

dextr

思想敏锐

acumen

N

mental keenness

愚蠢笨傻钝——尖锐 愚蠢 愚蠢的人,蠢货 胡言乱语 愚蠢 愚蠢的 fatuous Adj asinine dolt Adj N stupid stupid person nonsense foolishness foolish
234

drivel

N

sens 互见 drive

feel(感觉)

不可理喻的 不理智的 愚勇的, 有勇无 谋的, 傻大胆儿 笨人,呆子 愚蠢的人 foolhardy Adj

█ inane

rash

lout

N

clumsy person stupid, awkward person blunt stupid ob trud,trus against to thrust, to push

oaf

N

钝的,迟钝的 愚蠢的 徒劳 (使) 显得愚笨 (使) 拆台,办难堪

obtuse

Adj

stultify

V

cause to appear or become stupid or inconsistent frustrate or hinder

迟钝,反应慢 牛的 迟钝的 耐心的 迟钝的 单调的

bovine

Adj

cowlike placid and dull

drab

Adj

dull lacking color cheerless

耐心 惰性的,不活跃 的 (█ inertia, N)

forbearance █ inert

N Adj

patience inactive lacking power to move
235

迟钝的 硬心肠的

insensible

Adj

unconscious

in sens

not feel(感觉)

unresponsive 迟钝 麻木 不活泼 (torpid,Adj) ● torpor N lethargy █ sluggishness dormancy dormsleep

尖锐 尖酸的 (语气,脾气) (acerbic,Adj) 酸的 尖锐,刻薄 尖锐 尖酸 尖锐 磨尖 尖锐 深刻,激烈 强烈的 感人的 尖锐的 (poignant,Adj) 刺激的 辛辣的 尖锐的 pungent Adj poignancy N acidulous Adj slightly sour sharp, caustic ● acrid Adj sharp bitterly pungent acuity hone █ incisive N V Adj sharpness sharpen cutting sharp quality of being deeply moving keenness of emotion stinging sharp in taste or smell
236

acerbity

N

bitterness of speech and temper

acerb

sour

acid

sour,sharp

acrid

sharp

acu

sharp

cis

cut

pung

prick (刺)

caustic 刺耳的 焦躁的 raspy Adj grating harsh 互见:rasp V. 用粗 锉刀锉;粗声粗气地 说 n. 粗锉刀;锉磨 声;刺耳声

刺耳的 尖锐的 坚持不懈的 截去尖端 尖锐化 刺激

● strident

Adj

loud and harsh insistent

● truncate whet

V V

cut the top off sharpen stimulate

活泼 勤奋 懒惰 勤奋 勤奋的付出 (apply,V (secondary meaning) 勤奋的 (assiduity, N) 勤奋的,努力的 (industry, N) hard-working 辛勤的 painstaking Adj showing hard work taking-dreat care 勤奋的 sedulous Adj diligent
237

application

N

diligent attention

ap-=ad plic

to fold

● assiduous

Adj

diligent

industrious

Adj

diligent

sed.sess,sid

sit(一直坐着工作, 勤

勤勤恳恳的

hardworking

奋的)

努力 努力 奋发 努力,尽力

arduous

Adj

hard strenuous

互见:ardent, ardo(u)r ex (s)ert pend out join hang,(weigh)

exertion

N

effort expenditure of much physical work

懒惰 懒惰 (indolence, N)

● indolent

Adj

lazy

dole N. 失业救济金; 赈济物;施舍品 vt. 发放救济; 以小份 发给

懒的 懒人

slothful

Adj

lazy

互见: sloth N. 怠惰, 懒惰;[脊椎] 树獭 sluggish 缓的 行动迟

sluggard

N

lazy person

忠诚 狡猾 反叛 反抗 反对 报复 忠诚 坚硬,不动摇 (adamancy, N) 忠诚

勇敢 胆小 退缩 躲避 隐藏 秘密

强壮 衰弱 坚定、坚强

模范

adamant

Adj

hard inflexible

a damant

not conquer

allegiance

N

loyalty

238

劈开 黏着 忠于 忠诚 坚韧

cleave

V

split or sever cling to remain faithful to

互见:leave

fidelity ●tenacity

N N

loyalty firmness persistence

fid ten (=tain)

trust hold, keep

诚实 诚实的 尽职的 虔诚的 (█ piety, N)

guileless

Adj

without deceit devout religious 互见:piousAdj. 虔 诚的;敬神的;可嘉 的;尽责的

pious

Adj

虔诚 孝行,虔诚的 诚恳的 虔诚 孝行 (pious,Adj) 虔诚的 诚恳的 连续虔诚的祈祷 litany N supplicatory prayer sup-=subplic under fold (把身体向下弯 曲) devout Adj █ piety N religious devotion godliness pious 互见:devour

不虔诚 不敬 (对神)

impiety

N

█ irreverence lack of respect for
239

不虔诚 不敬的 不礼貌的 不诚恳的,不道德的 不诚恳的 disingenuous Adj impious Adj

god █ irreverent

lacking genuinecand or insincere

cand

white,bright

不道德的

amoral

Adj

nonmoral

a moral

without custom

狡猾——奸、邪、卑鄙 下流的 scurvy 卑鄙的,无理的 坏血病 奸恶 卑鄙 狡猾的 wily turpitude

Adj

despicable

contemptible N █ depravity turpitu

Adj

cunning artful

互见:will

犹豫 犹豫 踌躇 犹豫的 halting Adj hesitant ● faltering 犹豫不决的 irresolute Adj uncertain how to act weak
240

● falter

V

hesitate

互见:alter

ir re

not again

solute 犹豫不决的 █ tentative Adj. hesitant not fully worked out or developed tent=tempt

loosen try

experimental not definite or positive. 犹豫 踌躇,停 滞,含糊其辞 (vacillation, N.) █ vacillate V. waver fluctuate. vac,van,void late empty bring,bear

反叛——背信弃义、背叛、倒戈、卖国、叛徒、汉奸 反抗 反对 报复 退缩——畏惧 强壮 衰弱 弱 躲避 隐藏 秘密

天气 热 产热的

calorific

Adj

heat-produci

241

ng 摩擦 擦热 (also N) 炙热的 chafe V warm by rubbing make sore (by rubbing) fervent Adj ● ardent hot 炙热的 又热又潮的 (天气) 闷热 中暑 热的 热学的 (also N) thermal Adj swelter V fervid muggy Adj Adj ● ardent warm and damp be oppressed by heat pertaining to heat ferv boil ferv boil

寒冷 刺骨寒

frigid

Adj

intensely cold

冰 浮冰块 大浮冰 冰河的,冰川的

floe

N

mass of floating ice like a glacier extremely cold

互见:foe

● glacial

Adj

雪崩

avalanche

N

great mass of falling snow and ice

242

苔原,冻土 苔原 冻土 tundra N rolling, treeless plain in siberia and arctic North america

风 多风的

gusty

Adj

windy

互见:gustN. 风味; 一阵狂风;趣味 Vi. 一阵阵地劲吹, gusto N.爱好,嗜好 喜欢

台风

typhoon

N

tropical hurricane or cyclone gentle breeze west wind

和风 徐风

zephyr

N

风的运动 一吹 一喷

whiff

N

puff or gust (of air, scent, etc) ) hint

侵蚀 磨损,侵蚀

abrade

V

wear away by friction scrape erode

rad rad,ras

scrape scrape (刮,擦)

侵蚀 “和平演变”

encroachment

N

gradual intrusion

243

侵蚀 (erosion, N) 侵蚀 风化

erode

V

eat away

rod

gnaw

weather

V

endure the effects of weather or other forces

各种各样的人、者、学者、客、学家、…师、徒、…手、…角、…长 制图者,制地图 的人 受益人 (遗产) cartographer N map-maker carto graph beneficiary N person entitled to benefits or proceeds of an insurance policy or will gift giver patron 恩惠,福利 boon N blessing benefit 奉为名人 游览名胜 严格纪律的人 有志者 有抱负的人 (also Adj) martinet N lionize V treat as a celebrity strict disciplinarian seeker after position or status spir 互见:aspire 热望 热心于 (aspiration, N) 有远见的 provident Adj displaying foresight breathe bene vol drawing write good wish

恩人,赞助人

benefactor

N

bene fact

well make,do

aspirant

N

244

thrifty preparing for emergencies bard (吟游)诗人 博学者 梵文学家 pundit N N poet authority on a subject learned person expert 智者 圣人 (also Adj) 专家,学者 字典编纂者 savant lexicographer N N scholar █ compiler of a dictionary operatic singer prima donna large, isolated system of stars, such as the milky way any collection of brilliant personalities 挥霍的人 spendthrift N someone who wastes money s-=dis pend apart hang, weigh lexico(n) graph word write █ sage N person celebrated for wisdom

著名女歌唱家, 天后 歌剧女主角 星系 一群显赫的人 一系列重要的人 或物

diva

N

galaxy

N

245

性格外向的人

extrovert

N

person interested mostly in external objects and actions one who is introspective, inclined to think more about oneself introverted remote

extro-=extra vert

outside ture

内向的人 内翻的东西 (also V) 内向的 孤僻的 谄媚的人 马屁精 (also V) 马屁精 阿谀奉承者

introvert

N

intro-=extra vert

within ture

withdrawn

Adj

toady

N

█ servile flatterer yes man

flat toad n. 蟾蜍;癞蛤 蟆;讨厌的家伙 flat

blow

█sycophant

N

█ servile flatterer bootlicker yes man

blow

谄媚的 拍马屁的 奴性的

obsequious

Adj

slavishly attentive █ servile █ sycophantic

ob sequ

near follow

大而笨重的 (通常指人) 同行,圈内人

lummox

N

big, clumsy, often stupid person group that meets socially select circle

coterie

N

246

随从,随行人员

entourage

N

group of attendants retinue

随行人员 扈从

retinue

N

following attendants entourage

商人,企业家, 承包人 皮革工人 便士

entrepreneur

N

businessman █ contractor

tanner

N

person who turns animal hides into leather acting as a substitute done by a deputy

代理的 代理人的

vicarious

Adj

创办人

founder

N

person who establishes (an organization, business)

found-

base 基础

前人 祖先 前任 前辈

forebears

N

ancestors

fore

before

█predecessor

N

former occupant of a post

cess prede-

go before away forward, produce after down

后裔

progeny

N

children offspring

prod gen (e) post de

子孙 后裔

posterity

N

descendants future
247

generations 子女的 filial Adj pertaining to a son or daughter forerunner dwarf

scend

climb

领跑者,先驱 地精 小矮人 土地公公 规矩的人 正经人 故作正经的人 机器人

precursor gnome

N N

cur

run

underground spirit prude N excessively modest person pru=pro before

automaton

N

mechanism that imitates actions of humans number of members necessary to conduct a meeting great number person entertaining guests animal or plant from which a parasite gets its nourishment

法定人数

quorum

N

很多;主人;宿主

host

N

仆人的 卑贱的

menial

Adj

suitable for servants

248

lowly mean 不重要的人或物 cipher N nonentity worthless person or thing 贱民 被社会遗弃的人 ● pariah N social outcast 互见:encipher, decipher

outcast n. 流浪的 人;被驱逐的人 Adj. 被遗弃的;无家 可归的;被逐出的

可怜的,触动人 心的

pathetic

Adj

causing sadness, compassion, pity touching

passi,pati,path

suffer,feelings

叫花子 非常可怜的人 乞丐 猎物 受害人,牺牲品 (also V) 猎物 受害者 无家可归的流 浪者 (vagrancy, N) 流浪儿童 流浪者 流浪者

pauper

N

very poor person beggar target of a hunt victim

互见:paper

mendicant prey

N N

mend Vict,vinc

fault (缺点) to conquer (征服)

quarry

N

Victim object of a hunt

vagrant

N

a homeless wanderer

Vag(a)

to wander (流浪,漂 泊)

waif

N

homeless child or animal wanderer
249

互见:wife

vagabond

N

vag(a)

tro wander (流浪, 漂

(also Adj) 偏袒的人 (亲戚) 忘恩负义者 不领情的人 闲人 雄蜂 易被开涮的人 (also V) 被保护人 proté gé N ● dupe N drone N ingrate N nepotism N

tramp favoritism (to a relative) ungrateful person idle person male bee someone easily fooled person receiving protection and support from a patron seller superintende nt manager cur superdu plic grat-

泊)

please

two fold

卖主 主管 经理 长者,家长 酋长,族长

vendor curator

N N

run above

patriarch

N

father and ruler of a family or tribe supporter follower

patri arch

father ruler,(chief,first in power) stick

支持者,追随者

adherent

N

here

支持者 建议者

proponent

N

supporter backer opposite of opponent

pro pon

forward put

辩护者

apologist

N

one who writes in defense of a
250

apolog-

away from, off speak

cause or institution 放逐 被放逐者 expatriate N exile someone who has withdrawn from his native land sectarian Adj relating to a religious faction or subgroup patr father

宗派主义的 地区主义的 宗派主义者 狭窄的 sect

narrow-mind ed limited 殉道者 殉教者 烈士 martyr N one who voluntarily suffers death for his or her religion or cause great sufferer 无政府主义者 (anarchy, N) █ anarchist N person who seeks to overturn the established government █ advocate of abolishing authority 怀疑论者 (█ skepticism, N) █ skeptic N doubter person who suspends
251

an arch

not ruler,(chief,first in power)

judgment until the evidence supporting a point of view has been examined 机会主义者 █ opportunist N individual who sacrifices principles for expediency by taking advantage of circumstance s one who commits sabotage destroyer of property 偷窥者 殡仪业者 从业者 voyeur mortician practitioner N N N peeping tom undertaker someone engaged in a profession (law, medicine) 当权者 potentate N monarch sovereign 解放者 (liberate,V) 收割者 reaper N potent arch powerful ruler,(chief,first in power) op=ob portun 见 inopportune sacr ifice near port(不能进港,强要 进港) sacred make

破坏分子 怠工者

saboteur

N

互见:sabotage [,s? b?'tɑ? ]V. 妨害; 对?采取破坏行动 n. 破坏;破坏活动;怠 工 voy mort way death

liberator

N

one who sets free one who harvests
252

收割机 (reap,V) 新入教者 新信徒 舵柄 农夫 neophyte N

grain

recent convert beginner

neo phyte

new plant

tiller

N

handle used to move boat's rudder (to steer)

新手 新手

novice tyro

N N

beginner beginner novice

nov

new

学徒身份

apprenticeship

N

time spent as a novice learning a trade from a skilled worker inexperience d green lush in vegetation

无经验的 (also N) 翠绿的 生疏的 无经验的 卖弄风情的女子 蜂鸟 (also V)

fledgling

Adj

verdant

Adj

coquette

N

flirt







coquettish: adj.: 妖艳的; 风骚的,卖弄风 情的;迷人的:
253







flirtatious, provocative
初次参加社交活 动的女孩 N

debutante

young woman making formal entrance into society opponent ad vers,vert oppon to to turn against put

对手

█ adversary

N

角色

persona

N

public personality or facade mental or physical ability role ability to accommodat e

能力 角色

capacity

N

才能,教职员工

faculty

N

mental or bodily powers teaching staff

老练的 眼镜商

seasoned optician

Adj N

experienced maker and
254

seller of eyeglasses 承办商 purveyor N furnisher of foodstuffs caterer 交易商 barterer N trader barter: n.: 物物交换 1, to exchange goods or property pur vey before see

百夫长 贵族

centurion

N

roman army offi

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