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2014届高三英语大一轮复习单元知识练习


2014 届高三英语大一轮复习单元知识练习

Book 2
Ⅰ.单项填空

Unit 1

Cultural relics

1.He stared at the empty bottle for a while, feeling happy that he had sent the butterfly ________it belonged—nature. A.to which 答案 D B.that C.which

back

D.to where

解析 句意为:他盯着空瓶子看了一会儿,很高兴自己把蝴蝶放回了它所属的地方—— 大自然。send sth. back to...把??送回到??,此处 where 引导宾语从句。 2.This company has launched several types of cars this year,and one________appeals to the young. A.in return C.in addition 答案 B 解析 考查介词短语辨析。in particular 尤其是,特别。句意为:这家公司今年有多款车 下线,有一款特别吸引年轻人。in return 作为回报;in addition 此外;in turn 反过来。 3.We________ last night,but we went to appreciate the flowerbeds and streetlights in Tian’anmen Square instead. A.might study C.should have studied 答案 C 解析 考查虚拟语气。由语境可知,A、B 两项错误,此处不是表猜测;而 must have done 表示“一定做过某事”,不符合句意;should have done sth.表示“本应该做某事而没 做”。 4.He’s got himself into a dangerous situation________he is likely to lose control over the plane. A.where 答案 A 解析 先行词 situation 作“处境”讲,在从句中作状语,故选用 A 项。C、D 两项的 while, why 不具有引导定语从句的句法功能。 5.Many young people left their hometown for big cities________better jobs. A.in favour of C.in charge of 答案 B 解析 考查介词短语辨析。句意为:很多年轻人离开家乡到大城市寻找更好的工作。in
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B.in particular D.in turn

B.could study D.must have studied

B.which

C.while

D.why

B.in search of D.in honour of

search of 寻找;in favour of 赞成,支持;in charge of 负责,主管;in honour of 向??表 示敬意。B 项符合句意。 6.Modern science has given clear evidence________smoking can lead to many diseases. (2011· 天津,13) A.what 答案 C 解析 句意为:现代科学对吸烟能导致多种疾病已经给出了明确的证据。这是一个主从 复合句,evidence 后的从句是 evidence 的同位语,对 evidence 起解释说明的作用,且该 从句语意完整,故用 that 引导。而 what,which,where 均在从句中充当一定的句子成分。 7.At that time the US was at ________ war with Iraq,and Shirley worked as ________ doctor in the army. A.a;a 答案 C 解析 be at war with 为固定搭配,意为“与??交战”;doctor 为可数名词,前加不定冠词,表示泛指。 8.I’m starting my Spring Festival vacation on Boracay Island, ________I can enjoy fresh and clean air from the sea and the amazing powder sand. A.that 答案 C 解析 考查非限制性定语从句。从句中缺状语,先行词为地点,因而选 C。 9.As we all know,tigers and cats________the same family of beasts. A.belonged to C.belong to 答案 C 解析 考查短语用法。belong to 意为“属于”,是不及物动词短语,一般不用于进行时 态,也不用于被动语态,故排除选项 B、D。再根据句意“正如我们都知道的,虎和猫 在兽类中属于同一科”,可知应用一般现在时态,所以选 C 项。 10.A troop of carefully selected soldiers set out in search of those who might________the terrible coal mine accident. A.live 答案 D 解析 考查动词辨析。survive 幸存。句意为:一队经过精心挑选的士兵出发去寻找在可 怕的煤矿事故中可能幸存下来的人。live 生活,居住;rescue 援救,营救;exist 存在, 生存。 11.Although our headteacher is very young, he is quite capable and treats us well, so he is well________. A.considered as B.talked of
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B.which

C.that

D.where

B.the;a

C./;a

D.the;/

B.which

C.where

D.when

B.are belonged to D.are belonging to

B.rescue

C.exist

D.survive

C.cared about 答案 D

D.thought of

解析 考查短语辨析。此处考查 think well of(对??评价很高)的被动结构。 12.The machine has already been ________ and the worker is going to repair it. A.taken apart C.taken in 答案 A 解析 take apart 拆开;take on 呈现出,雇用;take in 吸收;欺骗;take off 脱掉。由句 意可知选 A。 13.—What on earth do you want? —I just want a common sports coat—nothing________. A.fancy C.informal 答案 A 解析 考查形容词辨析。答句句意为:我只想要一件普通的运动衣,没什么特别的 (fancy)。 14.What the doctors really doubt is________my mother will recover from the serious disease soon. A.when 答案 C 解析 句意为:医生真正怀疑的是我妈妈是否能很快从疾病中康复。whether 和 if 都表 “是否”,但 if 不引导表语从句。 15.The book, mainly________use in college, is a bestseller this summer. A.designed for C.bought in 答案 A 解析 考查过去分词短语作定语。mainly designed for 相当于 which is mainly designed for。 be designed for sth.意为“为??(而)设计”。选 B use 的语态不对, 应该为 be used。 Ⅱ.完形填空 After finishing working at the hospital that day,I was driving home after a particularly busy night call.In front of me was a bus,with college students sitting on the roof,__1__a small metal railing(栏杆).As the__2__weaved through traffic, could see the boys__3__from side to side.__4__, a boy fell off the back of the I bus.He__5__the road face down,bounced once,and__6__.He lay__7__in the middle of the road as the bus sped away.The cars directly behind the bus__8__to avoid the boy,but none stopped.I partly understood—if he died, it would mean police involvement and__9__problems.In fact,I felt the same willing to keep going,__10__the willing to stop and help was__11__.I knew that if the boy was bleeding into his brain,he could__12__in a matter
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B.taken on D.taken off

B.amazing D.valuable

B.if

C.whether

D.what

B.written to D.designed to

of minutes.He had to get to hospital quickly. I stopped my car and carefully__13__the boy,who appeared to be about 20.His face was covered in__14__—he had a long deep cut on his forehead and another on his right ear.There didn’t seem to be any other injuries.I__15__to apply pressure to the cuts to stop the bleeding but failed.With the__16__of some bystanders,I lifted his unconscious body into the back seat of my car.I asked a couple of men to__17__me,but they shrank from further involvement.I jumped in the car and__18__to the hospital.On reaching the emergency entrance, I__19__,“Head injury!” Hospital staff wheeled the boy into the emergency room,while I gave a quick__20__to the on- doctors. call After an initial examination,the doctors determined that he was most likely bleeding into his brain.Luckily the boy was saved at last. 1.A.getting C.fixing 答案 B 解析 几个大学生坐在公共汽车的车顶上, “抓住(holding)”上面的小金属栏杆。 2.A.driver C.walkers 答案 A 解析 “司机”驾驶着公共汽车在道路上迂回前行。其余三项都不符合语境。 3.A.dancing C.shaking 答案 C 解析 这几个男孩坐在车顶上,司机的行车路线不是直线,所以他们左右“摇晃” 。 4.A.Slowly C.Likely 答案 D 解析 “突然” ,一个男孩从公共汽车的后面摔了下来。 5.A.jumped 答案 B 解析 hit 撞击,碰撞(造成损伤)。fall 是不及物动词,不能直接跟宾语,所以 C 项错误。 6.A.rolled over 答案 A 解析 他脸朝下摔在了路上,立马弹了起来,并“翻滚”了一下。roll over 翻滚。后三项分别表示“过 来”“克服”“接管” 、 、 ,都不符合语境。 7.A.careless C.hopeless 答案 B
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B.holding D.painting

B.students D.passengers

B.fighting D.looking

B.Quickly D.Suddenly

B.hit

C.fell

D.got

B.came over

C.got over

D.took over

B.motionless D.fearless

解析 当公共汽车加速离开时,他一动不动地躺在道路中间。下文第 16 空后的 unconscious body 是答案提示。 8.A.broke 答案 B 解析 紧随公共汽车后面的车辆纷纷“刹车”以避开这个孩子,但是没有一辆车停下来 提供帮助。 9.A.improper 答案 C 解析 如果他死了,就意味着警方的介入和“不必要的”麻烦出现,所以没有一辆车停 下来。A 项表示“不合适的” 项表示“不重要的” 项表示“不方便的” ;B ;D ,都不 合乎情理。 10.A.and 答案 D 解析 作者也有继续前进的意愿, “但是”更愿意停下来提供帮助。此处表示转折,故 选 but。 11.A.nicer 答案 D 解析 虽然作者也想袖手旁观,但是停下来帮助对方的意愿更加“强烈” 。 12.A.die 答案 A 解析 作者知道如果男孩的血流进了大脑,他“死亡”就是几分钟的事情。 13.A.examined 答案 A 解析 作者停下车,仔细“检查”这个男孩。后三项分别表示“找到”“触摸” 、 、 “动手术” ,均不符合常识和语境。 14.A.mud 答案 B 解析 根据破折号后面的内容可知他满脸是“血” 。 15.A.managed 答案 C 解析 作者“尽力”压住伤口以便止血,但是不起作用。manage to do sth.表示“设法做成了某事” , 与后半句内容矛盾,所以 A 项不正确。 16.A.watch 答案 D 解析 在旁观者的“帮助”下,作者把这个毫无知觉的男孩抬到了车内的后座上。 17.A.accompany B.approve C.observe
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B.braked

C.moved

D.checked

B.unimportant

C.unnecessary

D.inconvenient

B.so

C.or

D.but

B.bigger

C.weaker

D.stronger

B.live

C.save

D.hurt

B.found

C.touched

D.operated

B.blood

C.tears

D.scars

B.refused

C.tried

D.planned

B.neglect

C.respect

D.help

D.applaud

答案 A 解析 作者请求几个人“陪同”前往医院,但是他们都不愿意再多受牵连,纷纷躲开了。 B 项表示“赞成” 项表示“观察” 项表示“称赞” ;C ;D ,均不符合语境。 18.A.slipped 答案 C 解析 当时男孩生命垂危,必须争分夺秒,所以作者火速开向医院。race 使……急速移动,符合当时 的情况。 19.A.said 答案 D 解析 作者当时急于救这个奄奄一息的孩子,所以在急救入口处大声“喊” 。 20.A.truth 答案 C 解析 在医护人员把孩子推进急救室的同时,作者向随叫随到的医生们快速地讲述了事 情的来龙去脉,此处 history 表示“过去发生的事情” 。 Ⅲ.阅读理解 A Fulltime School Called Life You are enrolled in a fulltime school called “life”.Each day in this school you will have the opportunity to learn lessons.You may like the lessons or hate them,but you have designed them as part of your curriculum. Why are you here?What is your purpose?Humans have sought to discover the meaning of life for a very long time.What we and our ancestors have overlooked, however, that there is no one answer.The meaning of life is is different for every individual. Each person has his or her own purpose and distinct path,unique and separate from anyone else’s.As you travel your life path, will be presented with numerous lessons that you will need to learn in order to fulfill that you purpose.The lessons you are presented with are specific to you;learning these lessons is a key to discovering and fulfilling the meaning and connection of your own life. As you travel through your lifetime,you may encounter challenging lessons that others don’t have to face, while others spend years struggling with challenges that you don’t need to deal with.You may never know why you are blessed with a wonderful marriage,while your friends suffer through bitter arguments and painful divorces, as you cannot be sure why you struggle financially while your peers enjoy abundance.The only thing just you can count on for certain is that you specifically need to learn;whether we choose to learn them or not is entirely up to you. The challenge here,therefore,is to align(与??保持一致) yourself with your own unique path by learning individual lessons.This is one of the most difficult challenges you will be faced with in your lifetime,as sometimes your path will be completely different from others’. But, remember, don’t compare your path to the people around you and focus on the difference between their lessons and yours.You need to remember that you will only be faced with lessons that you are capable of learning and are specific to your own growth.
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B.turned

C.raced

D.went

B.repeated

C.wept

D.shouted

B.complaint

C.history

D.look

Our sense of fairness is the expectation of equity—the assumption that all things are equal and that justice will always prevail(占优势).Life is not,in fact,fair,and you may indeed have a more difficult life path than others around you,deserved or not.Everyone’s circumstances are unique,and everyone needs to handle his or her own circumstances differently.If you want to move toward calm,you will be required to move out the comparing phrase of “it’s not fair”.Focusing on the unfairness of circumstances keeps you comparing yourself with others rather than appreciating your own special uniqueness.You miss out on learning your individual lessons by distracting yourself with feeling of bitterness and anger. 1.According to the passage,how can the meaning of your life be realized? A.Having the same opinions as others. B.Taking the distinct path from others. C.Learning the lessons presented to you. D.Doing the different things from others. 答案 C 解析 事实细节题。根据第三段中“learning these lessons is a key to discovering and fulfilling the meaning...”(学习这些功课是发现并实现人生意义的关键)可知答案为 C 项。 2.From the passage we can conclude________. A.everyone has his own track to follow B.the same thing usually happens to the peers C.a painful divorce must lie in financial problems D.a wealthy man must have a wonderful marriage 答案 A 解析 推理判断题。根据第三段中“Each person has his or her own purpose and distinct path...” 可知,每个人都有自己的生活道路。 3.In your lifetime,the lessons you are faced with________. A.are beyond your power B.keep you from growth C.limit your development D.help you with your success 答案 D 解析 事实细节题。由倒数第二段最后一句可知。 4.Which of the following is TRUE? A.All things are equal and justice will always prevail. B.You should learn to appreciate your specific uniqueness. C.One has to fix his mind on unfairness of circumstances. D.The teachers have designed the lessons as part of your curriculum in the life school. 答案 B
第7页

解析 推理判断题。本题利用排除法很容易答题。

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