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2010年高考试题分类汇编——时态和语态


2010 年高考英语试题分类汇编——动词时态和语态
(10 上海) 28. Every few years, the coal workers A. are having 答案:B 考点:本题考查时态。 解析:根据时间状语 every few years,可判断本句应为一般现在时,因此答案选 B。 31. The church tower which A. has restored 答案:D 考点:本题考查被动语态。 解析:Restore 意思为修复,而最后一句表明工程还未完成,因此为正在修复中,答案选 D. will be open to tourists soon. The work is almost finished. C. is restoring D. is being restored B. have their lungs X-rayed to ensure their health. C. have had D. had had

B. has been restored

(10 福建) 28. Every year a flood of farmers arrive in Shenzhen for the money-making jobs they before leaving their hometowns. A. promised 答案:D 考点:现在完成时的被动语态 31. –Guess what, we’ve got our visas for a short-term visit to the UK this summer. --How nice! You A. will be experiencing C. have been experiencing 答案:A 考点:考查将来进行时 解析:--猜猜看,我们已经得到了今年夏天去香港的短期签证 --太棒了,你到时候将会感受到不同的文化 a different culture then. B. have experienced D. will have experienced B. were promised C. have promised D. have been promised.

(10 安徽) 28. ----Were you surprised by the ending of the film? ----No, I _______the book, so I already knew the story? A. was reading 答案:B. 考点:本题考查时态用法。 解析:句意为“我看过书了,已知道这个故事” 。在“knew”前已看过,故用过去完成时。 34. ----We’ve spent too much money recently. ----Well, it isn’t surprising. Our friend and relatives _______around all the time A. are coming 答案:D. 考点:本题考查时态用法。 解析:句意为“近来我们花了太多钱了。----并不惊奇,近来朋友和亲戚总是来访。 ”用 have been coming 表示从过去到现在一直所发生的动作。 B. had come C. were coming D. have been coming B. had read C. am reading D. have read

(10 湖南) 24. This coastal area A. was named 答案:A 考点:考查动词时态和语态。 解析:根据主语“This coastal area”与 name 之间的被动关系排除 B、D 两项。根据句中的 last year 判断用一般过去时,故选 A 项。 27. I was just going to cut my rose bushes but someone A. has done 答案:B 考点:考查动词时态。 解析:该空动作发生在 was just going to cut 之前,即表示过去的过去,故用过去完成时态。 句意为: “我正要剪切我的蔷薇丛但(发现)有人已经将它剪切了。是你干的吗?” B. had done it. Was it you? D. will do a national wildlife reserve last year. B. named C. is named D. names

C. would do

31. I walked slowly through the market, where people studied the prices carefully and bought what I needed. A. sell 答案:B 考点:考查动词时态。 B. were selling

all kinds of fruits and vegetables. I

C. had sold

D. have sold

解析: “I studied the prices carefully and bought what I needed” 根据 的提示可判断此处表示 “人 们当时正在出售各种水果和蔬菜” ,即表示过去某时正在发生的动作,故选 B 项。

34. I'm tired out. . I A. shopped C. had shopped 答案 D 考点:考查动词时态。

all afternoon and I don't seem to have finished anything. B. have shopped D. have been shopping

解析:句意为: “我现在很累。我整个下午一直在购物,我好像什么事都没做成似的。 ”由语 境可判断选 D 项。

(10 江西) 30 Mother wanted to be a good provider, a role she ______ since her marriage to Father. A shoulders 答案:D 考点:考察时态。 解析:在本句 since 表示自从过去到现在, 所以用现在完成时, 现在完成进行时为现在完成 时的一种。 B shouldered C is shouldering D has been shouldering

(10 山东) 29. The living room is clean and tidy, with a dining table already ______ for a meal to be cooked. A. laid 答案: A 考点:本题考查 with 复合结构的用法/被动语态。 解析: with 复合结构的构成是“with+宾语+宾语补足语” ,由于 table 与 lay(搁放)之间是逻 B. laying C. to lay D. being laid

辑上的动宾关系,所以空格处用过去分词表示被动。 30. Up to now, the program ________ thousands of children who would otherwise have died. A. would save C. had saved 答案: D 考点:本题考查动词时态的用法。 解析:句意应为“截止到现在,这个项目已经挽救了成千上万的本来会死去的孩子的生命。 ” up to now 是现在完成时态的标志,所以空格处使用现在完成时态。 B. saves D. has saved

(10 天津) 4. We on this project for four hours. Let’s have a rest. B. have been working C. worked D. had worked

A. are working 答案:B. 考点:考查动词时态。

句意:我们在这项工程上一直工作了四个小时了。咱们休息一会。 解析:从句子的时间状语 for four hours 和后面的句子 Let’s have a rest 可知,动作从过去发 生,到说话的时候一直在进行着,所以此处要用现在完成进行时态。 10. Traditional folk arts of Tianjin like paper cutting Shanghai World Expo. A. are exhibiting C. are being exhibited 答案:C. 考点:考查被动语态。 句意:想剪纸一样的天津民间传统艺术品正在 2010 上海世博会的文化展览中展出。 解析:因为 2010 年上海世博会现在还在进行着,所以像剪纸一样的天津传统民间艺术品也 是“正在被展览” ,所以用现在进行时态的的被动语态形式。 B. is exhibiting D. is being exhibited at the culture show of the 2010

(10 四川) 11.In many people’s opinion,that company,though relatively small,is pleasant A.to deal with B.dealing with C.to be dealt with D.dealt with .

答案:A 考点:考查不定式主动表被动。 解析:在某些形容词后经常用不定式的主动形式表被动,此时,不定式动作和句子的主语存 在动宾关系。又如:The apartment is comfortable to live in. 16.一 When shall we restart our business? 一 Not until we A.will finish C.are to finish 答案:D 考点:考查动词时态。 解析:在状语从句中,经常用一般现在时表将来时,用现在完成时表将来完成时。此处为 until 引导的时间状语从句, 故用现在完成时, D。 选 意为 “直到我们完成我们的计划, 我们才重新开始我们的生意。 ” 18.You’ve failed to do what you A.will expect C.expected 答案:D 考点:考查动词时态。 解析:句中 you 与 expect 存在被动关系,首先排除 C。又有 have failed 提示应是过去你被 期盼做的事,故应为过去时,正确答案为 D。 (10 全国Ⅰ) 21. —Have you finished reading Jane Eyre? —No , I ______ my homework all day yesterday. A. was doing 答案 A 句意:—你读完了 Jane Eyre 吗? —没有,我昨天一直做作业。 解答:根据选项此题考察时态,此题可以根据句意解答,也可以使用排除法。A 表示一段时 间内持续进行且未完成的动作使用进行时。 题干中有 all day yesterday 时间提示为过去, 应该选择与过去相关的时态,排除 D。B 为过去将来时不符合题意,C 过去完成时是 过去的过去,使用过去完成时题目中需要有一般过去时,题干中没有一般过去时因此 B. would do C. has done D. do to and I’m afraid the teacher will blame you. our plan. B.are finishing D.have finished

B.will be expected D.were expected

也排除。 28. When you are home , give a call to let me know you ______ safely. A. are arriving 答案:B 句意:当你到家的时候,打电话给我让我知道你已经到家了。 解答:根据选项此题考察时态。此题可以根据句意也可以使用排除法。 句意为―当你到家 B. have arrived C. had arrived D. will arrive

的时候,打电话给我让我知道你已经到家了‖B 选项使用现在完成时表示将来完成, 译为―已经……‖。同时也可以使用排除法,arrive 既可以使用现在进行时表示将来也 可以用 will + do 表示将来,因此 A 和 D 同时排除,C 为过去完成时,使用过去完成 时时句中一定要有一般过去时,过去完成时是过去的过去,因此 C 也排除,选择 B. 32. The discovery of gold in Australia led thousands to believe that a fortune ______. A. is made 答案:C 句意:在澳洲金矿的发现使千百人相信将会发财。 解答:根据选项此题考察时态和语态。make fortune 译为―发财‖,make 在句中需要使用被动 形式,因此排除 B 和 D,题干中 led 提示时间为过去,因此选择 C。be to do 译为―将 会将要‖,was to be made 表示过去将来。 B. would make C. was to be made D. had made

(10 江苏) 23. —Why, Jack, you look so tired! —Well, I _____the house and I must finish the work A. was painting 选 D。 我给房子上油漆一直进行到现在,而且到明天才会完成。所以用现在完成进行时 30. —Peter , where did you guys go for the summer vacation? —We________ busy with our work for months, so we went to the beach to relax ourselves. A. were B. have been C. had been D. will be B. will be painting tomorrow.

C. have painted D. have been painting

选 C. 考查时态题. 我们去海边发生在过去. 而我们忙于工作在此之前. 因此用过去完 成时.

(10 陕西) 21. I have to see the doctor because I A. have been coughing C. coughed a lot lately. B. had coughed D. cough

A. 【解析】考查动词时态。由时间状语 lately 可知此处表示现阶段一直在进行的动作或存 在的状态,且强调其持续性,用现在完成进行时,选 A。 24. It is reported that many a new house A. are being built B. were being built at present in the disaster area. C. was being built D. is being built

D. 【解析】考查动词时态,语态及主谓一致。由时间状语 at present 可知此处动词表示的动 作正在进行,主语与所填词是被动关系;many a+名词单数做主语时,谓语动词用单数形 式,由此可知本题选 D。

(10 全国Ⅱ) 9. Barbara is easy to recognize as she’s the only one of the women who ________evening dress. A. wear B. wears C. has worn D. have worn 答案:B 解析:考查主谓一致和时态。首先 the only one of …. 为先行词时,定语从句修饰的是 one, 即 one 是主语,而非后面的复数 women,根据主谓一致的原则,谓语动词应该用复 数,排除 A,D。另外,从“is”可以看出句子是要表示一种习惯,因此要用一般现 在时,排除 C,故选 A 15. Linda make sure the table ________before the guests arrive A. be set 答案:C 解析:考查动词 set 的用法和被动语态。Set a table 摆放桌子, tables 为主语,故用被动结 构。make sure 后一般接宾语从句。 19. Excuse me I________I was blocking your way. A. didn’t realize 答案:A 考点:时态考查。 B. don’t realize C. haven’t realized D. wasn’t realizing B. set C. are set D. are setting

解析:结合语境,后文暗示过去时。 (10湖北) 78. Last night’s TV news said that by then the death of the missing people ________ (未证实) yet. (prove) 78. 答案: had not been proved 考点:考查过去完成时的被动语态

(10辽宁) 24. Joseph ______to evening classes since last month, but he still can’t say ―What’s your name?‖ in Russian. A.has been going 答案:A 句意:约瑟夫自从上个月就一直去夜校,可是他仍然不能用俄语说“你叫什么名字?” 。 解析:考查时态。句中 since last month,表示“自从上个月起”根据 but 后的句意,说明动 作从过去发生到现在一直在进行着,所以要用现在完成进行时态。 30. I _______ all the cooking for my family, but recently I’ve been too busy to do it. A.will do 答案: B 句意:我为一家人做饭,但是最近我太忙不能做了。 解析:考查动词时态。第一句表示现阶段的一种状况,所以用一般现在时态。 B.do C.am doing D.had done B.went C.goes D.has gone

(10 北京) 22. In the spoken English of some areas in the US, the "r" sounds at the end of the words A. are dropped C. are being dropped 22. 答案:A 考点:时态和语态 解析:the "r" sounds 应该使用被动。 24. --I'm not finished with my dinner yet. --But our friends for us. B. drop D. have dropped .

A. will wait 24. 答案:D

B. wait

C. have waited

D. are waiting

考点:本题也是在语境中考查学生对时态的灵活运用。 解析:第一个说话人说"我还没吃完饭呢",而下面的人则说"但是我们的朋友们都在等我们 了"根据第一个人还没进行完吃饭的动作,而第二个人又开始催促,我们得知朋友们 此时正在等他们。所以用进行时 are waiting 更符合句意。 26. --I'm sorry, but I don't quite follow you. Did you say you wanted to return on September 20? --Sorry, I A. hadn't made C. don't make 26. 答案:D 考点: 时态 解析: 上文说没听清是几号回来。 而下文则说很抱歉我没说清楚。 根据句意我们只能选 didn't make 或者 haven't made. 那落在选项中我们只能选择 D。 hadn't made 过去完成时表 A. 过去的过去,不符合题意。B. wouldn't make 过去将来时时态不正确。C 一般现在时 不正确。 28. It took me a long time before I was able to fully appreciate what they __ for me. A. had done 28. 答案:A 考点:本题考查过去完成时和一般过去时的区别。 解析:整个句子时态用的是一般过去时,我能够表示感谢就已经是过去,而他们对我的帮助 则是过去的过去。因此选 A。 B. did C. would do D. were doing myself clear. We want to return on October 20. B. wouldn't make D. haven't made

(10 重庆) 24. The book has been translated into thirty languages since it A. had come 24. 答案 C 考点:考查时态。 解析: since 引导的从句作状语时, 主句通常用完成时, 而从句用一般过去时, 所以选 C 项。 29. The palace caught fire three times in the last century, and little of the original building B. has come C. came on the market in 1973. D. comes

_______now. A. remains 29. 答案 A 考点:考查时态。 解析: remain 在这儿意思是“剩下,余留” ,为不及物动词,整句话是对现在事实的陈述, 所以用一般现在时。选 A 项。 31. -----Why do you want to work for our company? -----This is the job that I A. looked 31. 答案 D 考点:考查时态。 解析:由句意:这就是我一直寻找的工作可知用现在完成进行时,表示从过去某个时刻发生 的动作一直持续到现在,并且有可能持续下去。 for. C. had looked D. have been looking B. is remained C. is remaining D. has been remained

B. am to look

(10 浙江) 5.If you plant watermelon seeds in the spring, you A.eat C.have eaten 答案 D 考点:本题考查条件句的时态。 解析:根据句意:如果你在春天种下西瓜种子,你会在秋天吃到新鲜的西瓜。可以判断这是 真实的条件从句,会发生的事情,所以选择 will be eating 表将来。 15.For many years, people than predicted. A.had dreamed of 答案:B 考点:本题考查时态。 解析:根据句意: 许多年来,人们都一直梦想着电动汽车。 然而, 制造它们比想象要难得多。 由此,推断此处的梦想从过去到现在,并由此延伸。目前,市场上已经有了电动汽车, 所以应用现在完成时。 B.have dreamed of C.dreamed of D.dream of electric cars. However, making them has been more difficult B.would eat D.will be eating fresh watermelon in the fall.


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