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主语从句翻译讲解及练习


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翻译系列之一:主语从句

Definition:主语
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主语:句子的核心主体,通常位于谓语之 前,表明一个句子是谁或何种情况所发出 执行或者承受的。 句子欣赏 Life is a matter of choice. Losing can be a real beginning. The selfless can be fearless. The ignorant can be fearless. The shameless can be fearless.

More Examples
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I think, therefore I am. I doubt, therefore I am. I pay tuition, therefore I am. I eat, therefore I am. To light the candle of heart is better than to curse the darkness of the outside world. From words to deeds is a great space.

Definition:主语从句
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正传 在复合句中起主语作用的从句叫做主语从句,引 导主语从句的词有从属连词,连接代词,关系代 词,连接副词等,它们在句子中不能省略。 外传 当充当主语的部分是一个句子时,这个句子就叫 从句。因为他们家姓“主”,所以就成为“主语 从句”;又因为这个“主语从句”在这个家中势 力强大,所以干脆整个句子就称为“主语从句” 了,外号“主从”。

记住十种句型
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十种主语从句句型,根据引导词的不同而 划分。 十种主语从句的练习。

句型一:That + 完整句=名词
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That education plays a vital role in all walks of life is clear. That everyone may receive at least a senior high school education is significant. That all men are created equal and that both men and women should enjoy equal rights are nothing but slogans and desires.

句型二:Whether + 完整句=名词
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Whether you can succeed in making your dream come true depends on hard work more than luck. Whether computer can replace the role of teachers has long been a hot topic.

句型三:how + 完整句=名词
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How you think and act will influence your life.

句型四:where+ 完整句=名词
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Where we love is home. Where our language is stored in the brain and how the form and meaning are stored and whether the form and meaning are stored in the same place or in a different place are still major problems for psychologists to probe into.

句型五:when + 完整句=名词
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When the sun is shining is the best time to repair the roof. When you can finish it depends on your efforts.

句型六:why + 完整句=名词
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Why so many people prefer to live in the city is beyond me. Why we need to love and hate and why we need to set a clear line between our love and hate are commonplace questions, but these questions, though commonplace, defy easy answers.

句型七:whoever + 不完整句=名词
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Whoever wants to reach a distant goal must take many small steps. Whoever dares wins. Whoever seeks obtains.

句型八:which + 不完整句=名词
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Which way you turn is up to you. Which girl you choose to be your girlfriend is your decision.

句型九:what + 不完整句=名词
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What’s done can’t be undone. What we do willingly is easy.

句型十:Whatever+ 不完整句=名词
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Whatever is at the center of our life will be the source of our wisdom and power. Whatever you love in this world loves you in return.

句子翻译练习
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你需要的是更多的练习。 What you need is more practice. 他是否加入我们,没有太大的差别。 It doesn’t make any difference whether they join us or not. 很明显他已经尽力而为了。 That he has done his best is obvious. 他们什么时候来还不知道。 When they will come is still not known.

句子翻译练习
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她渴望的是更多的钱。 What she needs is more money. 犯人是如何逃跑的是个迷。 How the criminal escaped was a mystery. 不论谁来都欢迎。 Whoever comes is welcomed. 他是如何成功的仍然是个迷。 How he succeeded was a mystery.

句子翻译练习
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我们明天是否在户外开晚会要看天气而定。 Whether we will hold a party outside tomorrow depends on the weather. 她干了什么尚不清楚。 What she has done is not clear. 她去了哪儿,还不知道。 Where she has gone is not known.

形式主语句
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用it作形式主语的that-从句有以下四种不同的搭配关系:
a. It + be +形容词+ that-从句 It is necessary that… 有必要…… It is important that… 重要的是…… It is obvious that… 很明显…… It + be + -ed 分词+ that-从句 It is believed that… 人们相信…… It is known to all that… 从所周知…… It has been decided that… 已决定……

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形式主语句
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c.

It + be +名词+ that-从句 It is common knowledge that… ……是常识 It is a surprise that… 令人惊奇的是…… It is a fact that… 事实是……
It +不及物动词+ that-分句 It appears that… 似乎…… It happens that… 碰巧…… It occurred to me that… 我突然想起……

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主语从句和形式主语句的转化
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谁去,这不重要。 Who will go is not important. It is not important who will go. 到底谁赢呢,形势尚不明朗。 Which team will win the match is still unknown. It is still unknown which team will win the match.

主语从句和形式主语句的转化
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他还活着全靠运气。 That he is still alive is sheer luck. It is sheer luck that he is still alive. 他们何时结婚依然不明。 When they will get married remains unknown. It remains unknown when they are going to get married.

主语从句和形式主语句的转化
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这一计划是否可行还有等证实。 Whether the plan is feasible remains to be proved. It remains to be proved whether the plan is feasible. 书销售如何取决于作者本人 How the book will sell depends on its author. It depends on its author how the book will sell.

句子翻译练习
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据说格林先生已经到北京了。 It is said that Mr. Green has arrived in Beijing. 众所周知,地球围绕太阳转。 It is known that the earth revolves around the sun. 她是否来杭州这无关紧要,重要的是。 It doesn’t matter whether she comes to Hangzhou or not.


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