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高考英语短文改错专题教学课件


纵观近年高考英语短文改错题,学生和 老师都 认为难度不大,然而,每年高考 中还是有不少考生对此题深感头痛,主 要症状是:

一.考生找不到错误. 二.考生能找到错误但不能正确修改. 三. 不能从篇章角度考虑逻辑问题。

主要原因是:

一 .考生的英语基础知识 不扎实. 二.考生缺乏对短文改错命题 特点 的了解和做题 规律方法的总结.

临场应试技巧 : “三歩”和“四不改” 三歩:

1.No context, no text. 通读全文,掌握大意, 初步改错。 2.整句理解,逐行分析。以句为单位,细读每 个完整句子,仔细推敲,查漏补缺 . 3.复读全文,验证答案 .

注意:格式要正确,第十一处起不给分。

短文改错应注意的问题

四不改:
①标点符号不改。
②大小写不改。 ③词序错误不改。

④单词拼写不改 。 文中出现带汉语注释的词,在句中不可能用错。

四、错词类型归纳,提高改错的准确率
命题角度
名词 名词 动词 非谓语动词

考点 冠词
名词的数
时态、语态以及主谓一致 分词、动名词、不定式

解题思路
判断名词前的冠词是否误用
句中名词该用单数还是复数动词 根据上下文判断动词时态、语态是否有 误、主谓搭配是否正确 根据上下文判断非谓语动词是否误用

代词

人称代词的格、指示代 词及关系代词与从句关 系

1.人称代词的格是否误用 2.代词前 后指代是否一致3.定语从句中关系 词是否误用
判断句中形容词和副词是否误用 惯用法中介词是否误用 判断句中并列连词、从属连词是否 误用

形容词、副词

词法
惯用法

介词
连词

句法

A

Limerick

动词形,名词数 还要注意形和副 非谓语,细辨别 介词、短语要牢记 代词格,细领悟 句子成分多分析 冠词连词常光顾 逻辑错误须关注

一、动词形
won a national prize for painting last week 1.I win 2.But I tried to act as if nothing had has happened… be 3.I'd like to your pen friend. Was he absent from the last meeting? 4.Did been 5.Robert and Mary have married for a few weeks is no need to spend money. 6.There are 7.My father was so pleasing pleased that…

1.So we’ll have plenty of spare time visit this to area. 2.So does do our friend, Cathy. August is the best time for her. 3.We fed monkeys, visited visiting temples and told stories. 4.They survived from the earthquake. 5.Lucy agreed to marry to Tom. 6.We’d better not to finish the chance.

二 名词数
places of 1.I stayed there for half a month, visiting place interest every day. pictures since 2.On the way up I was busy taking picture the scenery was so beautiful. 3. There are advantage advantages for students to work while… 4.As everyone knows, it’s famous mountain in a Tibet years later, he succeeded. 5.But one and a half year 6.What a beautiful weather we are having recently! regards to your family. 7.Please give my best regard

三 形容词和副词常见错

1.They laughed,told jokes about each other, comfortable . and seemed quite comfortably 2. If we don't carefully careful protect our environment, the last drop of water will be our own tears. 3. Can you make it clearly what we should do clear next? 4. All people try hardly to get train tickets to go home at the end of year. 5. You are a lot of taller than me. 6. He went home hungry and coldly. 7.You look much beautiful.
more

四、 代词格

1.I believe you your personal experience will be a lot better. 2.Finally, the men threw away most of his their clothes to save themselves. 3.I woke up and found myself me still in bed. something special to express my thanks. 4.I did anything 5.Some are playing cards and the others are singing or dancing. mine 6.His book is quite different from me . its culture. 7.We have been learning about it’s

五 连词conj

1.Tom didn't see the film,but and John did. if 2.You will not fail unless you work harder. 3.If you go straight along this street,and you will soon see the cinema. 4.Because he had left his key in the room, so he had to use the ladder. 5.He wouldn’t go to see a play that no one liked it. 6.Today I was having a PE lesson while when I fell down. 7.I was so tired that I fell asleep at the moment my head touched the pillow.

六 冠词/介词及其它 1.In the fact, there are only 4 tickets left. 2.I couldn’t explain them with in English. 3.It’s I that am is your true friend. 4.I must work hard so that I will not be able to communicate freely with foreigners. an 5.When the wind is blowing at 120 kilometers a hour,most waves will be twelve meters high or less. of his son's success. 6.The tailor is very proud for of unknown liquid. 7.The bottle is full with 8.There are strange similarities between in the life of John Kennedy and the life of Abraham Lincoln.


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