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雅思小作文柱图表图写作


IELTS WRITING Task1
CHERYL XIAMEN NEWORIENTAL SCHOOL IELTS INTERNATIONAL LEARNING CENTRE

各种图各种写

Language for comparisons
Percentage of boy and girl students

in Class A
80% 60% 40% 20% 0%
33% 67%

boy girl

Language for comparisons
80% 60% 40% 20% 0%
33% 67%

more than
boy girl

fewer than

There are more boys than girls in class A. Class A has fewer girls than boys.

Language for comparisons
80% 60% 40% 20% 0%
33% 67%

boy girl

the number of

The number of boys is larger/greater/higher than that of girls in class A.

Language for comparisons
80% 60% 40% 20% 0%
33% 67%

boy girl

the percentage of

The percentage of boys is larger/greater/higher than that of girls in class A (67% and 33%, respectively).

Language for comparisons
80% 60% 40% 20% 0%
33% 67%

boy girl

outnumber
exceed

Boys outnumber girls in class A. The number of boys exceeds that of girls in class A.

The graph below shows the different modes of transport used to travel to and from work in one European city in 1960, 1980 and 2000.

P1
? The bar graph shows the changing patterns in commuting by train, car, tube or bus for commuters in one European city in the years 1960, 1980 and 2000.

P2
? The number of people using trains at first rose from just under 20% in 1960 to about 26% in 1980, but then fell back to about 23% in 2000. ? Use of the tube was relatively stable, falling from 27% of commuters in 1960 to 22% in 1980, but climbing back to reach 25% by 2000.

P3
? On the other hand, the use of cars increased steadily from just over 5% in 1960 to 23% in 1980, reaching almost 40% by 2000, ? whereas the popularity of buses has declined since 1960, falling from just under 35% in 1960 to 27% in 1980 and only 15% in 2000.

P4
? The graph indicates the growing use of cars for commuting to work between 1960 2000, and the continued decline in the popularity of buses from being the most popular mode of transport in 1960 to the least popular in 2000.

The graph below shows the different modes of transport used to travel to and from work in one European city in 1960, 1980 and 2000.

Train, 20% Bus, 40%

1960

Car, 5%

Tube, 30% Train Car Tube Bus

Bus, 15%

Train, 21%

Bus, 27%

Train, 28% Train Car Tube Bus Car, 22%

2000
Train Car Tube Bus Tube, 25%

1980

Tube, 21%

Car, 38%

? In 1960, bus was the most popular type of transportation mode, having 40% commuters, which was followed by tube, train and car at 27%, 18% and 6% respectively. ? Twenty years later, the biggest percentage went to train at 28%. Interestingly, people use car and tube shared the same proportion(about 22 percent). ? At the end of 21st century, car became the most popular choice, which meant 37% people would catch a cab when they chose to work from work.

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The charts below show the main reasons for study among students of different age groups and the amount of support they received from employers.

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The first graph shows that there is a gradual decrease in study for career reasons with age. Nearly 80% of students under 26 years, study for their career. This percentage gradually declines by 1020% every decade. Only 40% of 40-49yr olds and 18% of over 49yr olds studying for career reasons in late adulthood.
Conversely, the first graph also shows that study stemming from interest increases with age. There are only 10% of under 26yr olds studying out of interest. The percentage increases slowly till the beginning of the fourth decade, and increases dramatically in late adulthood. Nearly same number of 40-49yr olds study for career and interest. However 70% of over 49yr olds study for interest in comparison to 18% studying for career reasons in that age group. The second graph shows that employer support is maximum (approximately 60%) for the under 26yr students. It drops rapidly to 32% up to the third decade of life, and then increases in late adulthood up to about 44%. It is unclear whether employer support is only for career-focused study, but the highest level is for those students who mainly study for career purposes.

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The chart shows the number of mobile phones and landlines per 100 people in selected countries.

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The graph shows the number of mobile phones and landlines per 100 users, for selected countries. Overall, most of the countries included in the graph have more mobile phones subscribers than landlines. Most European countries have high mobile phone use. The biggest users of mobile phones are the Italians, with 88 cell phones per 100 people. For example, Italy has twice as many mobile phones as landlines, with 88 mobiles per hundred people compared to 45 for landlines. Mobile phone use is low in Canada, with fewer than 40 phones per 100 people. Denmark is also unusual because it has slightly more landlines than mobile phones. However, in some countries, the number of landlines is higher than the number of mobile phones. One example is the USA, where the number of mobiles, at 50 per 100 people, is much lower than the number of landlines, at almost 70 per hundred. A similar pattern can be seen in Canada. The highest number of landlines in the graph is in Denmark, with about 90 per 100 people. In contrast, the lowest figures for fixed lines are in Italy and the UK.

In conclusion, it seems that mobile phone use is higher in Europe than in North America.

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The chart below shows the amount spent on six consumer goods in four European countries.

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The chart shows that Britain, among the four European countries listed, has spent most heavily on the range of consumer goods included. In every case, British spending is considerably higher than that of other countries; only in the case of tennis racquets does another country, Italy, come close. In contrast, Germany is generally the lowest spender. This Is most evident in photographic film, where Germany spends much less than Britain. Germany only spends more than another country, France, in two cases; tennis racquets and perfumes. Meanwhile, France and Italy generally maintain middle positions, averaging approximately similar spending overall. Specifically, France spends more on CDs and photographic film but less on tennis racquets than Italy does. Italys spending on personal stereos is only marginally greater than that of France, while spending on toys is equal between the two. It is clear from the data given that there are some significant differences in spending habits within Europe.

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The table below shows CO2 emissions for different forms of transport in the European Union.

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The chart shows CO2 emissions per passenger kilometre for various methods of transport in the European Union while the pie chart shows European Union spending on transport. Flying by air produces by far the greatest CO2 emissions, approximately three times as much as passenger cars which are the next largest producers. Very little is spent by the EU on air travel while roads make up more than half of the EU transport budget.

Trains produce about three times less CO2 emissions per passenger kilometre than passenger cars and eight times less than air travel. Nearly a third of EU transport funds are spent on railways.
Ships are a clean form of transport and produce about the same amount of CO2 per passenger kilometre as trains do. However, only 2 percent of EU funds are spent on ports. A further one percent is spent on inland waterways. Coaches are the cleanest form of transport. Emissions of CO2 per passenger kilometre from coaches are half those of buses. Buses emit less than half as much CO2 per passenger kilometre as cars. The European Union spends 10 percent of its transport budget on public transport, such as buses and coaches.
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(197 words)

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The charts below show the number of Japanese tourists travelling abroad between 1985 and 1995 and Australian share of the Japanese tourist market.

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This chart shows us that Japanese tourists go abroad for travelling in a decade and Australians share of marketing for Japanese tourists. Between 1985 and 1995 Japanese tourists travelling abroad was dramatically increased. In 85 there was about 5 millions traveler go abroad. Since 85 number of traveler went up dramatically until 40. It was almost twice then between 90 and 93 the number remain stable, which is about 12 millions. From 93 to 95 it rose slightly. Therefore in 1995 there were about 15 million people went abroad. I am going to write about the other chart, which is Australians share of Japanese tourist market. This is also between 1985 and 1995. About 2 million Japanese tourists went to Australia in 1985. Between 85 and 89 people went there increased sharply, which is almost 3 times more. In 1990 it fall number slightly but from 90 to 94 number is went up. However 94 to 95 is not so went up number of people who went to Australia. It remain is the same or slightly decreased.

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The chart below shows information about Heart Attacks by Age and Gender in USA.

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The graph shows how age and gender influence the frequency of heart attacks in the US. Less than 6% of all heart attacks occur in the 29-44 age group. The number of women who suffer heart attacks in this group is negligible only 3000 per year, compared to 123,000 men. However the proportion of men and women with heart attacks rises dramatically between 45 and 64, with over half a million per year. Over 420,000 men a year in this age group have heart attacks. The incidence amongst women increases - women have one heart attack for every three men in this age group. Over the age of 65, the number of men suffering heart attacks only increases slightly. However there is a huge increase in the number of women with heart attacks - they comprise over 40% of all victims. In conclusion, men are more likely to be the victims of heart attacks at all ages, but women are increasingly likely over the age of 65.

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The graph shows estimated oil production capacity for several Gulf countries between 1990 and 2010.

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The graph shows Oil Production Capacity in millions of barrels per day for selected Gulf countries. There are several features in this graph. The most significant feature is that oil production will increase sharply in almost all the countries shown. Kuwait and Iraq are both expected to double their output between 1990 and 2010, with Kuwait's production rising from 1.8 million barrels per day (bpd) in 1990 to 3.8 in 2010. Iran will also increase its output by a slightly smaller amount. After remaining steady at 2.5 million bpd from 1990 to 2000, the UAE's output is expected to approach 4.0 million bpd in 2010. Only Qatar's production is predicted to fall, back to 0.8 million bpd after a slight rise in 2000. However, the greatest increase will be from Saudi Arabia. In 1990, its output capacity at 8.5 million bpd exceeded the combined production of Iran, Iraq and Kuwait. This lead is expected to continue with a 75% increase in production to 14.5 million bpd 2010. In summary, while most of the countries are expected to show increases, Saudi Arabia will maintain and strengthen its position as the major producer.

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审题◇观察横轴与纵轴代表什么及各自的单位或项目。横轴代表职位的高低:从最低的office grade E到最高的office grade A,纵轴代表男女员工所占的百分比:0%-100%; 观察横轴有几种柱形,每种代表什么。此图里,共两种柱形:浅色柱表示女员工的比例,深色柱代表男员工的比例; 观察每种柱形的升降趋势及最高点,最低点和柱形间的高低差异。在这幅图里,浅色柱随职位的升高而呈现下降趋势, ;相反,深色柱随职位的升高而呈现上升趋势;在office grade E里,浅色柱达最高点(约为72%),而深色柱却为最低 点(约为28%);与此形成对比的是,在office grade A这里,浅色柱到达最低点(8%左右),而深色柱却位于最高点(92% 左右),深浅色柱差别最大的地方在office grade A,为84%;深浅色柱差别最小的地方在officer grade C,为10%。 构思有了详细的审题分析,随后的构思阶段就变得轻而易举了。构思意味着对文章结构的妥善安排,由于引言段是必不 可少的,并且只有一两句话,因此构思的对象主要就是针对主体段落。以此图为例,主体段落的安排可以有两种方案。 按office grade的高低逐级描述,从office grade E到office grade A,共分成5小段;按照规律,如果按男女比例差距 的数量大小,可把B和E放一起,C和D放一起,A单独写一段,也就是3小段;按数据差异性质,比如E和D都是男少女 多,B和C都是女少男多,A单独一段,也就是3小段了。 按浅色柱和深色柱来分别进行描述,共分两大段,每段中office grade相互比较。但由于女员工比例随级别升高而下降 ,男员工比例却随级别升高而增加的形式极其明显,因此方案二的写作余地小,应优先选择方案一。 引言段必须要写,但结尾段则没有强制要求。若要写结尾段,则应以简单的总体趋势描写为主。 ◆选词由于是纵向比较,故可选用的方法大致如下:twice as much as(倍数比较);…the highest…,followed by…..(排序);…(figure)…,making….the lowest one in….(数值及排位);a third as much as(分数比较)。分数和 倍数的表达还有很多,考生们可在备考中总结。 ◆考点除了开头讲过的信息精确度以及趋势和数字相结合的要求外,对于合理的衔接及复杂句的应用也是有要求的 。衔接方法的切入点除了有我们熟知的连词外,还有定语从句(包括介词+关系代词),分词,状语提前以及独立主格等 方法。成功的复杂句数量不需多要精,一两句即可。

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The chart below shows estimated world literacy rates by region and by gender for the year 2000.

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In this report I will describe a bar chart that shows the estimated world illiteracy rates by gender and region for the year 2000. First I will look at male illiteracy for the 6 areas shown. The lowest rates were in Developed Countries, Latin America/Caribbean and East Asia/Oceania with rates of 1% (approximately), 10% and 8% (approximately) respectively. The rates for the next three areas were much higher and quite similar to each other. Sub-Saharan Africa, the Arab States and South Asia had rates of approximately 31%, 29% and 34%.

Female illiteracy was much higher relatively in each area except Latin America/Caribbean where it was only slightly higher. The lowest rates for female illiteracy were again Developed Countries, Latin America/Caribbean and East Asia/Oceania with rates of approximately 2%, 12% and 20%. Again the rates for the next three areas were much higher and quite similar to each other. SubSaharan Africa, the Arab States and South Asia had rates of approximately 48%, 52% and 56%. (168 words)

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The graphs show enrolment in different colleges in the Higher Colleges of Technology in 1999.

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The charts shows student enrolment by gender and level in different colleges of the Higher Colleges of Technology colleges in the UAE. There are clear differences in male and female enrolment. Females outnumber men in all the colleges, with almost 25% more students in Dubai Women's college than in Dubai Men's. Ras Al-Khaimah Women's College has almost 180 students, compared to only 100 in the Men's college. Females also outnumber males by level, with almost double the number of men at Higher Diploma level (330 compared to 181). Only at Diploma level does the number of men slightly exceed that of women. Over half the students are in Certificate level, with less than a quarter at Higher Diploma or Bachelor level. In conclusion, most students in the Higher Colleges are enrolled at Diploma level or below, and the majority of students are women. (143 words)

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The table below shows the figures for imprisonment in five countries between 1930 and 1980.

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The table shows that the figures for imprisonment in the five countries mentioned indicate no overall pattern of increase or decrease. In fact there is considerable fluctuation from country to country. In Great Britain the numbers in prison have increased steadily from 30 000 in 1930 to 80,000 in 1980. On the other hand in Australia, and particularly in New Zealand the numbers fell markedly from 1930 to 1940. Since then they have increased gradually, apart from in 1980 when the numbers in prison in New Zealand fell by about 30,000 from the 1970 total. Canada is the only country in which the numbers in prison have decreased over the period 1930 to 1980, although there have been fluctuations in this trend. The figures for the United States indicate the greatest number of prisoners compared to the other four countries but population size needs to be taken into account in this analysis. The prison population in the United States increased rapidly from 1970 to 1980 and this must be a worrying trend.

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The graph above show information of employment rates across 6 countries in 1995 and 2005.

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The graph shows changes in employment rates in six countries between 1995 and 2005, for men and women. Overall more and more people of working age are employed, and there have been significant improvements for women, although they leg behind men in entering the workforce. The most obvious trend in the graph is that women have lower employment rates in most of the countries in the graph. For example, in Australia in 1995, 57 percent of men could find work or retain a job, but only 27 percent of women. The difference was even bigger in New Zealand, with 60 percent of women. Even in Switzerland and Iceland, slightly more men than women were in the job market. The second biggest trend in the graph is the improvement in employment between 1995 and 2005. In all countries shown, figures for both men and women improved. The biggest change was in the United Kingdom, from 55 percent of men in 1995 to 73 percent over the ten years period. Furthermore, the increases in employment rates for women were much higher in New Zealand. The percentage of working women jumped from 25 percent to 42 percent, and in the United States from 45 percent to 61 percent over the decade. In conclusion, all the countries in the graph showed at least a 12 percent increase in employment rates of both men and women over the ten yeares. While men had relatively higher employment rate throughout the period, more and more women appear to be entering the labour market.

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The graph below gives information about the preferred leisure activities of Australian children.

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The graph shows the preferred leisure activities of Australian children aged 5-14. As might be expected, it is clear from the data that sedentary pursuits are far more popular nowadays than active ones. Of the 10,000 children that were interviewed, all the boys and girls stated that they enjoyed watching TV or videos in their spare time. In addition, the second most popular activity, attracting 80% of boys and 60% of girls, was playing electronic or computer games. While girls rated activities such as art and craft highly – just under 60% stated that they enjoyed these in their spare time – only 35% of boys opted for creative pastimes. Bike riding, on the other hand, was almost as popular as electronic games amongst boys and, perhaps surprisingly, almost 60% of girls said that they enjoyed this too. Skateboarding was relatively less popular amongst both boys and girls, although it still attracted 35% of boys and 25% of girls.

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(157 words)

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The graph shows Internet Usage in Taiwan by Age Group, 1998-2000.

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The graph shows changes in the age profile of Internet users in Taiwan between 1998 and 2000. The main users of the Internet in Taiwan are young adults between 16 and 30 years old. In 1998, they accounted for more than half of all users. In 1999 the number dropped slightly to 45%, but even in 2000 they were the biggest group. The second biggest group of users is aged between 31 and 50. They made up 41% in 1998, falling slightly to 37% in 2000. When combined with the 16-30 age group, over 94% of users in 1998 were between 16 and 50. However this number is dropping steadily as more children and older users log on. In 1999, the number of children online quadrupled from 2% to 8%, and it continued to increase in 2000. There were similar increases for older users, rising from 4% in 1998 to 10% in 2000. In summary, while adults between 16 and 50 still represent the great majority of Internet users in Taiwan, their share is declining as more children and older users join the web.

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The bar chart below shows the results of a survey conducted by a personnel department at a major company. The survey was carried out on two groups of workers: those aged from 18-30 and those aged 45-60, and shows factors affecting their work performance.

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The bar chart indicates a survey on two different age groups on the factors contributing to make their environment pleasant for working. These factors are divided into external and internal factors. The internal factors are team spirit, competent boss, respect from colleagues and job satisfaction. The external factors are chance for personal development, job security, promotional prospects and money. On the internal factors above 50% in both age groups agreed that team spirit, competent boss and job satisfaction are essential to make their environment pleasant. Whereas on the external factors, there are contrasting results. On the chance for personal development and promotional aspects, 80% to 90% of the younger groups were in favor while only less than 50% of the older group thought so. A similar pattern is also noted on job security. With regards to money, 69% to 70% on both age group said it is essential. In conclusion, the internal factors have similar responses from the two age groups while they had dissimilar responses on the external factors.

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(170 words)

图表题综合练习

图表题综合练习

Synonyms
? ? ? ?

Chart = bar chart Different = various Post-school qualifications = further qualifications Proportion = share / percentage

图表题综合练习

Opening:
The various levels of further qualifications in Australia and the share of male and female holding them in 1999 are revealed in the bar chart.

图表题综合练习

Body 1:

It is evident that there were significant difference in further education received in terms of different gender. The smallest gender difference is at the bachelor degree, where 55% of students were female, compared with 45% of male. Another case that women outnumbered men is at undergraduate diploma, with 65% and 35% respectively。

图表题综合练习

Body 2:

By contrast, the greatest gap of different gender is at skilled vocational diploma, where 90% of people who acquired the diploma were male, while only 10% of them were female. Similarly, men accounted for clearly more than their female counterparts in higher degrees, like master’s degree and postgraduate diploma, where male took up 70% and 60% of all respectively.

图表题综合练习

Ending:
Overall, men were more than women in both lower skilled vocational diploma and higher graduate diploma and master degrees, while female prevailed in undergraduate diploma and bachelor’s degree.

图表题综合练习

Opening:
The chart gives information about post-school qualifications in terms of the different levels of further education reached by men and women in Australia in 1999.

图表题综合练习

Body 1:

We can see immediately that there were substantial differences in the proportion of men and women at different levels. The biggest gender difference is at the lowest postschool level, where 90% of those who held a skilled vocational diploma were men, compared with only 10% of women. By contrast, more women held undergraduate diplomas (70%) and slightly more women reached degree level (55%).

图表题综合练习

Body 2:
At the higher levels of education, men with postgraduate diplomas clearly outnumbered their female counterparts (70% and 30%, respectively), and also constituted 60% of Master’s graduates.

图表题综合练习

Ending:
Thus we can see that more male than female hold qualifications at the lower and higher levels of education, while more women reach undergraduate diploma level than men. The gender difference is smallest at the level of Bachelor’s degree, however.

剑4P78
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The chart below shows the different levels of post-school qualification in Australia and the proportion of men and women who held them in 1999.

分组法
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低学历 (skilled vocational diploma)女低于男 中学历 (undergraduate diploma, Bachelor’s degree)女高于男, 而且Bachelor’s degree的两者数值基本相等。 高学历 (postgraduate diploma, master’s degree)女低于男

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P1
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The chart below shows the different levels of post-school qualification in Australia and the proportion of men and women who held them in 1999.题目 The chart gives information about post-school qualifications in terms of the different levels of further education reached by men and women in Australia in 1999.

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P2
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We can see immediately that there were substantial differences in the proportion of men and women at different levels.不同点 The biggest gender difference is at the lowest post-school level, where 90% of those who held a skilled vocational diploma were men, compared with only 10% of women.

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By contrast, more women held undergraduate diplomas (70%) and less women reached degree level (55%).

P3
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At the higher levels of education, men with postgraduate diplomas clearly outnumbered their female counterparts (70% and 30%, respectively), and also constituted 60% of Master’s graduates.

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counterpart 同类

P4
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Thus we can see that more men than women hold qualifications at the lower and higher levels of education, while more women reach undergraduate diploma level than men. 不同点,趋势

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The gender difference is smallest at the level of Bachelor’s degree, however.

各种图各种写

表 格
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The table tells us the number of people who live above the age of 100 in Britain during different periods. Version 109

1912

1935

1977

2001

Male
Female

230
417

1022
2716

8127
1372

12936
21672

Total

647

3738

9499

34608

25000

male female
21672

20000

15000

12936

10000

8127

5000 2716 230 0 1912 1935 1977 2001 417 1022 1372

各自为战
? The table below gives information about underground railway systems in six cities. ? 剑5P98

age

size

number

P1
? The table demonstrates the data regarding the subway system in six cities, including date opened, kilometers of route and passengers per year (in millions)

P2
? In terms of date opened, London has the most time-honored (1863) subway system among the six cities while subway system in Los Angeles is the newest one opened in 2001. (最老,最新) ? Systems in Paris and Tokyo are opened in 1900 and 1927, respectively. 时间顺序 ? After that, systems in Washington DC and Kyoto are opened in 1976 and 1981 differently.

? As for the size of the railway system, London still ranks the first, meaning it has the longest subway system (384 kilometers) among the six cities, which is roughly twice as large as the system in Paris. (最长) ? By contrast, subway system in Kyoto is shorter (11 kilometers) than the others even thought it opened in relatively recent year.( 最短) ? The kilometers of route in Tokyo, Washington DC and Los Angeles are 155, 126 and 28 differently.

? The third part is passengers per year in millions. ? More exactly, the top three are Tokyo (1927), Paris (1191) and London (775). ? Underground railway system in Washington DC’s has 144 millions passengers per year. ? Systems in Los Angeles’s and Kyoto’s carry fewer passengers per year (50 and 45, respectively).

? Thus, it can be clearly seen from the table that the subway systems in Tokyo and Paris serves for more passengers whereas the systems in Los Angeles and Kyoto carry fewer passengers mainly because of the short route.

今昔对比
? The table below gives information about changes in modes of travel in England between 1985 and 2000. 剑6P52

The table below gives information about changes in modes of travel in England between 1985 and 2000. 剑6 P52

? 增加的 Car, Long distance bus, Train, Taxi
? 幅度大的 Car +1607 ? 减少的 Walking, Bicycle, Local bus ? 幅度大的 Local bus -155

P1
? The table demonstrates how different modes of travel changed in England in 15 years spanning from 1985 to 2000. ? In general, the modes are classified into two kinds in terms of average miles travelled per person per year: one enjoyed rising popularity while the other decreasing.

P2
? The travel modes which gained popularity in the period included cars, long distance buses, trains, taxis and others. ? Cars remained top among the modes in the 15 years, with its average miles increasing considerably from 3,199 in 1985 to 4,806 in 2000. ? Long distance buses and taxis seemed to be warmly welcomed by travelers, so average miles travelled in the two modes almost tripled

P3
? Travels by walking, bicycles and local buses lost travelers’ favor in the one and a half decade. ? Average travelling distance by local buses suffered the biggest decrease, dropping from 429 to 274, while the number of miles by walking and bikes fell mildly from 255 to 237 and from 51 to 41 respectively.

P4
? Overall, the number of miles travelled by the average per person rose from 4,740 miles in 1985 to 6,475 miles in 2000, with the increase of cars accounting for almost all of that increase.

表格图Body 轻松写

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Plan
single vs double with vs without children aged vs not aged

表格图Body 轻松写

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Single
On average, 11% of all households, comprising almost two million people, were in this position. However, those consisting of one parent or a single adult had almost doubled this proportion of poor people, with 21% and 19% respectively.

表格图Body 轻松写

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Children
Couples generally tended to be better off, with lower poverty levels for couples without children (7%) than those with children (12%). It is noticeable that for both types of household with children, a higher than average proportion were living in poverty this time.

表格图Body 轻松写

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Old
Older people were generally less likely to be poor, though once again the trend favored elderly couples (only 4%) rather than single elderly people (6%).

Table 1 Country

GDP per Adult illiteracy capita (USD) rate 13,000 9,100 4,900 4.4 3.6 16.8

Newspaper sales per 1,000 people 99 123 40

the Bahamas Argentina Brazil

Mexico
Surinam Jamaica Cuba

4,300
3,700 2,600 2,100

10.5
7.0 15.2 4.4

97
122 63 118

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Sample Answer 1 It can be seen from the table that the Bahamas and Argentina had GDP of $13,000 and $9,100 per capita respectively and the adult illiteracy rates were 4.4 and 3.6 in the two countries. Brazil and Mexico had GDP of $4,900 and $4,300 per capita, and their adult illiteracy rates were 16.8 and 10.5. Surinam, Jamaica and Cuba had $3,700, $2,600, and $2,100 respectively, with the adult illiteracy rate at 7.0, 15.2, and 4.4. The table shows that another indicator, Newspaper Sales per 1,000 people had a huge number more than 100 of Argentina Surinam and Cuba. This was followed by the Bahamas 99, Mexico 97, Jamaica 63, and Brazil 40.

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Sample Answer 2

We can see that GDP per capita varies substantially from 2,100 USD in Cuba to 13,000 USD in the Bahamas, with 5 of the 7 countries below 5,000 USD. The illiteracy rates also differ considerately. The highest illiteracy rates are for Brazil (16.8%) and Jamaica (15.2%), whilst Argentina has the lowest rate, at 3.6%. Mexico (at 10.5%) and Surinam (7%) lie in the middle. Surprisingly, the adult illiteracy rate for Cuba and the Bahamas is the same, at 4.4%. Newspaper sales per 1,000 people are also diverse …

model answer:

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The table below shows the sales at a small restaurant in a downtown business district.
Sales: week of October 7-13

Mon.

Tues.

Wed. $2,595 $3,445

Thurs. $2,375 $3,800

Fri. $2,500 $4,350

Sat. $1,950 $2,900

Sun. $1,550 $2,450

Lunch $2,400 $2,450 Dinner $3,623 $3,850

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The sales at this small restaurant during the week of October 7 to 13th followed a fairly set pattern from Monday to Friday, and then showed notable shift on the weekend. The lunch and dinner sales during the week peaked on Friday and then dipper down as the weekend set in. During the week of October 7-14th, the lunch sales averaged at approximately $2,400. The highest lunch sales occurred on Friday, and the lowest occurred on Sunday. Sunday's lunch sales were approximately $1,000 less than the average lunch sales during the rest of the week. Dinner sales, which generated at least $1,000 to $1,500 more a day than lunch sales, also remained steady during the week. Just like the lunch sales, the dinner sales peak on Friday and dipped down for the weekend. Excluding Wednesday and Thursday, the lunch and dinner sales from October 7-11 rose gradually until the end of the business week. Midweek, on Wednesday and Thursday, the sales were slightly lower than they were on Tuesday. According to the sales report, this restaurant has a steady lunch and dinner crowd. The most profitable day during the second week of October was Friday. Sunday, was the least profitable day, with the full day's sales totaling less than the Friday dinner sales. These numbers are reflective of a restaurant that is located in a business/financial district where business hours are Monday through Friday.

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(234 words)

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The take below gives information about the underground railway systems in six cities.
Underground Railways Systems
City Date opened Kilometres of route Passengers per year (in millions)

London Paris Tokyo Washington DC Kyoto Los Angeles

1863 1900 1927 1976 1981 2001

394 199 155 126 11 28

775 1191 1927 144 45 50

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The table shows the details regarding the underground railway systems in six cities. London has the oldest underground railway systems among the six cities. It was opened in the year 1863, and it is already lye years old. Paris is the second oldest, in which it was opened in the year 1900. This was then followed by the opening of the railway systems in Tokyo, Washington DC and Kyoto. Los Angeles has the newest underground railway system, and was only opened in the year 2001. In terms of the size of the railway systems, London, For certain, has the largest underground railway systems. It has 394 kilometres of route in total, which is nearly twice as large as the system in Paris. Kyoto, in contrast, has the smallest system. It only has 11 kilometres of route, which is more than 30 times less than that of London.

Interestingly, Tokyo, which only has 155 kilometres of route, serves the greatest number of passengers per year, at 1927 millions passengers. The system in Paris has the second greatest number of passengers, at 1191 millions passengers per year. The smallest underground railway system, Kyoto, serves the smallest number of passengers per year as predicted.
In conclusion, the underground railway systems in different cities vary a lot in the site of the system, the number of passengers served per year and in the age of the system.
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(233 words)

The table below shows the proportion of different categories of families living in poverty in Australia in 1999.

Family type

Proportion of people from each household type living in poverty
6% (54,000) 4% (48,000) 19% (359,000) 7% (211,000) 21% (232,000) 12% (933,000) 11% (1,837,000)

single aged person aged couple single, no children couple, no children sole parent couple with children all households

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The table gives a breakdown of the different type of family who were living in poverty in Australia in 1999. On average, 11% of all households, comprising almost two million people, were in this position. However, those consisting of only one parent or a single adult had almost doubt this proportion of poor people, with 21% and 19% respectively. Couples generally tended to be better off, with lower poverty levels for couples without children (7%) than those with children (12%). It is noticeable that for both types of household with children, a higher than average proportion were living in poverty at this time. Older people were generally less likely to be poor, though once again the trend favoured elderly couples (only 4%) rather than single eldery people (6%). Overall the table suggests that households of single adults and those with children were more likely to be living in poverty than those consisting of couples.

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(154 words)

The table below provide information on rental charges and salaries in three areas of London.

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The table shows two sets of related information: the relative cost, in pounds, of renting a property with one, two or three bedrooms in three different suburbs of London and an indication of the kind of annual salary you would need to be earning to rent in these areas.

Of the three areas mentioned, Notting Hill is the most expensive with weekly rents starting at ?375 (salary approximately f 100,000) and rising to ?738 per week for a 3-bedroom property. To afford this, you would require a salary in the region of ?200,000 per annum. Alternatively, Fulham is the cheapest area shown with rents ranging from ?215 per week for a one bedroom property to ?600 per week for a 3-bedroom property. To rent in this area, salaries need to be somewhere between ?85,000 and ?170,000 depending on the number of bedrooms required. For those able to pay in the middle price range for accommodation, Regent's Park might be a more suitable district.
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(163 words)


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