Unit 3 A taste of English humor
第一部分 《金色教案》教学设计说明 About the 本单元的中心话题是―幽默‖，内容涉及―幽默的种类‖、―什么是幽默‖、―喜 剧演员‖、―喜剧‖、―笑话‖和―文字游戏‖等
。语言技能和语言知识几乎都 是围绕―幽默‖这一话题展开的。 通过本单元的语言技能训练和阅读能力训 练，使学生领会英语国家的幽默表达。 本单元语言功能项目是：情感。 本单元语言结构项目是“-ing 形式作表语、定语和宾语补语” 。 本单元还要求学生学习写作“幽默文：故事” 。 《金色教案》教学设计在单元课时划分上与课本保持一致，即“阅读课、 知识课、运用课三课时/三课型划分” 。但在实际教学过程中，建议教师依 据学生基础、教学条件、学校安排的因素，对课本、对《金色教案》教学 设计重新划分课时，裁剪、拼接使用提供的材料，以便“物尽所用” ，达 到最佳教学效果。教师也可以参照《金色教案》提供的“实际教学过程课 时划分建议”进行教学。 Period 1 Reading 阅读课 Warming Up 让学生了解幽默的种类，讨论各种英语幽默及与汉语幽默 的比较。这部分的目的有两个，一是呈现本单元的话题——幽默，二是为 本单元 Reading 部分做好了铺垫。 本书提供了如下两个热身设计： Warming up by learning something about ―Humor‖，Warming up by watching and listening 供教师选择使用。 Pre-reading 课本通过两个问题，引发学生对幽默的思考，幽默不仅仅是 轻松一笑，好的幽默在一笑过后发人深省，耐人寻味。本书的设计是 Pre-reading by telling the truth —What do you like to laugh at? Reading 是一篇说明文，说明了人们接受、喜欢幽默的微妙心理，同时 介绍久盛不衰的喜剧之王查理· 卓别林以及他的代表作影片《淘金记》 ，帮 助吸引学生的注意力， 引起学生的极大兴趣。 教师可以参考使用本书提供 的如下程序设计： Reading aloud to the recording， Reading and underlining， Reading to identify the topic sentence of each paragraph， Reading to decide on
topic and the structures 单元话题和 结构
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the type of writing and summary of the text，Reading the text to turn out a diagram，Retelling the text with the help of the table below，Reading and understanding difficult sentences，Closing down by watching a silent movie by Charlie Chaplin。 Period 2 Learning about language 知识课 Learning about language 课本在此分为两部分，Discovering useful words and expressions 是本单元的词汇练习题，引导学生加深对新词汇的理解和 记忆，同时也指导学生养成通过语境记忆词组、句型的方法; Discovering useful structures 是本单元的语法练习题，通过本单元的学习，要求学生熟 练掌握-ing 形式作表语、定语、宾补的语法功能。教师还可以参考本书的 如下设计： Warming up by discovering useful words and expressions ， Learning something about the –ing form as the Attributive， Learning about the –ing form as the predicative， Learning about the –ing form as the Object Complement，Doing exercises for consolidation, Closing down discovering。 Period 3 Using language 运用课 Using language 教师可以按课本三步曲设计上课， 也可以采纳本书如下设 计： Warming up by reading school jokes， Reading and underlining， Doing the exercise，Guided Speaking，Guided Writing—Learn to write jokes Closing down by acting。 实际教学过程课时划分建议 Period 1 将 Warming Up、 Pre-reading、Reading 和 Comprehending 整合在一起上 一节“阅读课” 。 Period 2 将 Learning about language 和 Workbook 中的 USING WORDS AND EXPRESSIONS、 USING STRUCTURES 整合在一起上一节“语言知识 课” 。 Period 3 将 Using language 设计为一节包括听说读写单项技能或组合技能训练的 “综合技能课（一） ” 。 Period 4 将 Workbook 的 READING AND LISTENING 和 TALKING 整合在一起上 一节“听说课” 。 Period 5 将 Workbook 的 LISTENING TASK、READING AND WRITING TASK 和 SPEAKING TASK 整合为一节“综合技能课（二） ” 。
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全新课标理念， 优质课程资源 第二部分 教学资源说明
Section 1 Background 背景
围绕单元话题“Festival around the world” ， 《金色教案》提供了几则语言 规范、 短小精干的趣味性材料。 这些材料既可以作为教师教学参考材料为 教师所用， 也可以直接或改写、 重组后作为课堂内外的拓展性阅读材料呈 现给学生。
Section 2 Explanation 解析 Section 3 Vocabulary 词汇
重点针对“阅读课型”中的课文难句， 《金色教案》不仅提供了详尽的， 就句论句的解析和翻译， 而且还以解析的焦点话题为线索， 进行了一定的 归纳、辨析和总结，以帮助教师更好地实施“语言形式”的教学。 按照课本单元词汇表顺序， 《金色教案》重点提供动词、短语搭配的讲解。 所提供的例句，经典、地道、实用、易懂，完全可以直接用于教学。
围绕单元词法、句法项目， 《金色教案》提供了长短不一的“单元教学测评” ，并备有参考答案供教师使用。有 些测评题目直接源于历年高考试卷，更具有说服力和实用性。
Part 1 Teaching Design 第一部分 教学设计
Period 1 A sample lesson plan for reading (A MASTER OF NONVERBAL HUMOUR)
Introduction In this period, after the warming up, students will first be guided to read aloud to the recording. Then they will read and underline and read to identify the topic sentence of each paragraph. The discourse study can also be done by students reading to decide on the type of writing and summary of the text and reading the text to turn out a diagram. The text can be used for retelling the story. Objectives
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To help students understand the text’s forms and contents and learn about English humor To help students communicate on the topic in focus with the words, expressions and structures learned in this unit Focus Words brighten, content, astonish, entertain, overcome, chew, convince, direct, star,
gesture, slide, amuse, whisper, react Expressions Patterns up to now, badly off, pick out, cut off 1. Do you find it funny to see someone sliding on a banana skin, bumping into someone else. 2. This character was a social failure but he was loved by all who watched the films for his determination in overcoming difficulties and being kind even when people were unkind to him. 3. He makes it seem as if it were one of the best meals he has ever had！ Aids Multimedia facilities, tape-recorder, photos, diagrams Procedures 1. Warming up Warming up by learning something about “Humor” What is ―Humor‖? Does any one of you know anything about humor? Look at the screen and read the definition of Humor from the Internet. Humor (humour in British English) is the ability or quality of people, objects or situations to invoke feelings of amusement in other people. The term encompasses any form of entertainment or human communication which invokes such feelings, or which makes people laugh or feel happy. English humor Example nonverbal mime and farce（哑剧和轻喜剧） Charlie Chaplin, Mr. Bean funny stories Mark Twain Chinese humor Example pantomime（哑剧）王景愚 funny plays（喜剧小品）陈佩撕 verbal jokes play on words, usually two lines cross talk（相声）jokes 姜昆 马季
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funny poems Edward Lear doggerel（打油诗） Note: Humor is particular to each culture. For example, the British laugh at things that are ridiculous and enjoy parody very much. Chinese humor includes puns, extended cross talk between two comedians etc. The British also enjoys play on words(like puns) but they are more like short jokes. Warming up by watching and listening Hi, everyone! We are going to learn about A taste of English humour today. Now watch the slides/ pictures and listen to the English humour poems. Why worry? There are only two things to worry about: Either you are well or you are sick. If you are well, then there is nothing to worry about. If you are sick, there are two things to worry about: Either you will get well or you will die. If you get well, then there is nothing to worry about. If you die, there are only two things to worry about: Either you will go to Heaven or Hell. If you go to Heaven, there is nothing to worry about. But if you go to Hell, you will be so damn busy Shaking hands with friends, you won? t have time to worry. 2. Pre-reading by telling the truth —What do you like to laugh at? I like to laugh at cartoons, for they’re lovely and fun. I like to laugh at fairy tales. They are amusing and interesting. Whose job ...? This is the story about four people named Everybody, Somebody, Anybody and Nobody. There was an important job to be done, and Everybody was sure that Somebody would do it. Anybody could have done it, but Nobody did it. Somebody got angry about that. because it was Everybody? s job. Everybody thought Anybody could do it, but Nobody realised that Everybody wouldn? t do it. It ended up that Everybody blamed Somebody, When Nobody did what Anybody could have done.
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Although we have different sense of humor, it seems that the humor that all cultures enjoy is non-verbal humor. We all laugh at the antics of Charlie Chaplin and Mr. Bean. It is good that we can all laugh at something together!
Many years ago there lived an Emperor who was so exceedingly fond of fine new clothes that he spent vast sums of money on dress. To him clothes meant more than anything else in the world. He took no interest in his army, nor did he care to go to the theatre, or to drive about in his state coach, unless it was to display his new clothes. He had different robes for every single hour of the day. 3. Reading aloud to the recording Reading aloud to the recording of the text improves our literacy skills -- reading, writing, speaking, and listening. Now please listen and read aloud to the recording of the text A MASTER OF NONVERBAL HUMOUR. Pay attention to the pronunciation of each word and the pauses between the thought groups. 4. Reading and underlining A really useful way to help us with our listening is to become aware of ‘thought groups’ . When we speak, we need to divide speech up into small 'chunks' to help the listener understand messages. These chunks or thought groups are groups of words which go together to express an idea or thought. In English, we use pauses and low pitch to mark the end of thought groups. Next you are to read the text, dividing the text into thought groups and circling all the useful expressions or collocations in the passage. Copy them into your notebook after school as homework.
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Collocations from A MASTER OF NONVERBAL HUMOUR slide on…在??上滑行, bump into…不期而遇；偶然碰见；邂逅, round a corner 在拐角处， 在近处, fall down…摔倒，掉进, in the road 在路面上, see other people’s bad luck 看别人倒霉 （遭到不幸）, at times 时不时；经常地, feel content with…对??感到满意, be worse off 情 况更坏; 处境更糟; 经济情况更不好, astonish… with…以??方式令人吃惊, inspire deep feelings in sb. for…因为??激发人内心深处的感情, play a character 扮演一个角色, be born in poverty 出生穷困, become famous for 因为??而出名, use a particular form of acting 用独 特的表演方式, entertaining silent movie 令人愉快的无声影片, a charming character 令人愉快 的角色，有趣的角色, be well known throughout the world 世界闻名, play a poor and homeless person 扮演一个贫困而无家可归的人, carry a walking stick 拄着拐杖, a social failure 社会生 活中的失败者, be loved by…被??爱戴 （热爱） , overcome difficulties 克服困难, be unkind to …对??不友好, make…entertaining 使??令人愉快, a sad situation 悲哀的境况, a boiled shoe 一只煮沸的鞋, make… funny 使??滑稽可笑, use nonverbal humour 不用语言表达的幽默, in the middle of the nineteenth century 在十九世纪 中叶, in search of…搜寻，寻找, pan for gold 用淘金盘淘金, wash sand 洗 沙（以便得到金子）, in a pan of water 在淘金盘中, expect to do sth.期待 做某事, pick up…得到， 淘到, be fortunate enough 足够幸运, be caught in a snowstorm 遭遇到暴风雪, on the edge of…在??的边缘, in a small wooden house 在一座 小木屋, have nothing to eat 没有可吃的东西, so… that…如此??以至于??, boil a pair of leather shoes 煮一双皮鞋, sit down at the table 坐在桌边, pick out…挑选， 选出, cut off…切下； 割下；砍下, treat… as if…像??一样对待, eat every mouthful with enjoyment 快乐地享受每 一口, make it seem as if…使它显得 （好象） ??, direct a movie 执导一部影片, star in 在?? 中担任主角 , give… a special Oscar 授予??奥斯卡特别奖 , one’s lifetime 某人的一生 outstanding work 杰出的工作, live one’s life in…在??度过一生, 5. Reading to identify the topic sentence of each paragraph Skim the text and identify the topic sentence of each paragraph. You may find it either at the beginning, the middle or the end of the paragraph. 6. Closing down by reading and transferring information Read the text again to complete the table.
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A MASTER OF NONVERBAL HUMOUR What is nonverbal humour? Who is Charlie Chaplin? How does he make a sad situation entertaining? What is the story of The Gold Rush? Facts about Oscar A brief life history of Charlie Chaplin For reference A MASTER OF NONVERBAL HUMOUR What is nonverbal humour? the humor not carried out or marked by the use of words but by antics Who is Charlie Chaplin? a popular comic actor in the 20th century who used a particular form of acting, including mime and farce to invoke feelings of amusement and inspire deep feelings in people for the characters he played How does he make a sad situation entertaining? What is the story of The Gold Rush? The Gold Rush (1925) is the quintessential Chaplin/Little Tramp film, with a balance of slapstick comedy and pantomime, social satire, and emotional and dramatic moments of tenderness. It was Chaplin's own personal favorite film, showing the classic Tramp character as a romantic idealist and lone gold prospector at the turn of the century, with his cane, derby, distinctive walk, tight shabby suit, and mustache. During the Great Gold Rush to Alaska, men in thousands came from all parts of the world. Many of them were ignorant of the hardships before them - The intense cold, the lack of food and a journey through regions of ice and snow were the problems that awaited them. by using nonverbal humour
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全新课标理念， 优质课程资源 Classic scenes include the starvation scene of two
cabin-marooned prospectors boiling and fastidiously eating a stewed shoe, the teetering cabin on the edge of a cliff, and Chaplin's lonely fantasized New Year's Eve party when he waits for a girl who never comes. Facts about Oscar The Academy Awards, mostly known as Oscar, is the main national film award in the United States of America. Each Oscar statuette, manufactured in Chicago, is made from copper and nickel silver, and finally, is covered with 24-karat gold. It depicts a knight, holding a crusader’s sword, standing on a reel of film. The five spokes of the film reel signify the five original branches of the Academy: actors, directors, producers, technicians and writers. Although financially an Oscar statuette is not really valuable, its moral values are inestimable. The tradition of the Academy Awards dates back 71 years, when the first talking movies had just begun. A brief life history of Charlie Chaplin, born in Walworth, London, England on April 26th, 1889, began his official acting career at the age of eight. He is considered to be one of the most pivotal stars of the early days of Hollywood and is most recognized as an icon of the silent film era, often associated with his popular "Little Tramp" character; the man with the toothbrush mustache, bowler hat, bamboo cane, and a funny walk. In 1972 he was honored with an Academy Award for his "incalculable effect in making motion pictures the art form of the century. Charlie Chaplin was considered one of the greatest filmmakers in the history of American cinema, whose movies were and still are popular throughout the world, and have even gained
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全新课标理念， 优质课程资源 notoriety as time progresses. His films show, through the Little Tramp's positive outlook on life in a world full of chaos, that the human spirit has and always will remain the same.
7. Going over the text to decide on the type of writing and summary of the text Determining the type of writing will help you determine the author ’s topic (subject), purpose (why he is writing), style (how he should write) and tone (his attitude toward his subject - supportive, condemning, objective, etc.) Type of writing Main idea of the passage This is a piece of descriptive writing. Charlie Chaplin astonishes us with the deep feelings he can inspire in us for a character he is playing. Main idea of 1st paragraph It may arouse in people a sense of satisfaction laughing at other’s bad luck. Main idea of 2nd paragraph Charlie Chaplin is such an actor as to impress us deeply by using a particular form of acting.. Main idea of 3rd paragraph Charlie Chaplin could make a sad situation entertaining by using nonverbal humour. Main idea of 4th paragraph The film of The Gold Rush, set in California where gold was discovered, is an good example of nonverbal humour. Main idea of 5th paragraph Charlie Chaplin produced, directed, and wrote the movies he starred in. 8. Reading to make a diagram of the text and retelling the text with the help of the diagram why enjoying laughing at other ’s bad luck? (para 1) (para 1) Charlie Chaplin’s charming character The little Tramp impressed people a great deal. (para 2)
It’s possible to make a sad situation entertaining by using a particular form of acting. (para 3)
By using nonverbal humour, Chaplin gave a very funny performance, eating a boiled shoe, in The Gold Rush (para 4)
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A special Oscar was given to Charlie Chaplin for his lifetime outstanding work.. (para 5)
8．Closing down by reading about Charlie Chaplin To end the period we shall read an article about Charlie Chaplin. Now look at the screen and read it aloud with me. Charlie Chaplin (April 16, 1889 - December 25, 1977) Charlie Chaplin, who brought laughter to millions worldwide as the silent ―Little Tramp” clown, had the type of deprived childhood that one would expect to find in a Dickens novel. Born in East Street, Walworth, London on 16 April, 1889, Charles Spencer Chaplin was the son of a music hall singer and his wife. Charlie Chaplin's parents divorced early in his life, with his father providing little to no support, either financial or otherwise, leaving his mother to support them as best she could. Chaplin's mother Hannah was the brightest spot in Charlie's childhood; formerly an actor on stage, she had lost her ability to perform, and managed to earn a subsistence living for herself, Charlie, and Charlie's older half-brother Sidney by sewing. She was an integral part of Charlie's young life, and he credited her with much of his success. Sadly, she slowly succumbed to mental illness, and by the time that Charlie was 7 years old, she was confined to an asylum; Charlie and Sidney were relegated to a workhouse (a government facility for orphaned and abandoned children) -- not for the last time. After 2 months, she was released, and the family was happily reunited, for a time. In later years, she was readmitted for an 8-month stretch later, during which time Charlie lived with his alcoholic father and stepmother, in a strained environment.
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