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高考英语语法专题精讲精练-倒装


语法专题八:倒装
1. 完全倒装:即将谓语动词的全部置于主语之前。常见用法: 1) 当 here, there, in, ou t, up, down, on 等副词置于句首,且主语为名词时; 2) 将表示地点、方位的介词短语置于句首; 3) 直接引语置于句首,其后的主语是名词时。 2. 部 分倒 装: 即将谓语动词的一 部分置于主语之前(如 助动词 be, do, h

ave, will , 和情态动词 may, can, must, should 等) 。常见用法: 1) 否定词或词组,如 neither, nor, never, nowhere, not, seldom, rarely, scarcely, barely, hardly, no sooner, at no time, in no case, in no way, by no means, on no condition 等置于句首时; 2) so 表示“也” ,neither/ nor 表示“也不” ; so / such… that 表示“那样??以至于”置于句首时; 3) only + 状语 / 状从,置于句首时 , 主句要部分倒装; 注意:当 only + 主语置于句首时,则用正常语序。 4) not only … but also…引导两个分句时,not only 引导的分句要部分倒装; 5) not until + 状语 / 状从, “直到??才” ,置于句首时,主句要部分倒装; 6) adj. / adv. / n. / v. / 分词 + as / though + 主语 + 谓语:引导让步状从,置于句首时; 7) 在虚拟语气的条件句 中,如含 should, had, were, 可将它们置于句首,且省略 if; 8) 用于: May + 主语 + v. 结构中,表示“祝愿” ; 9) 表示次数、频率的副词置于句首时 (也可用正常语序)。 巩固练习: I. 单选题 1. Little ______ about his own health though he was very ill. A. he cared B. did he care C. does he care D. he cares 2. No sooner ______ asleep than she heard a knock at the door. A. she ha d fallen B. had she fallen C. she had fell D. had she fell 3. He did not see Smith, and ______. A. neither di d I B. nor d idn’t I C. neither I did D. so didn’t I 4. Not until I began to work ______ how much time I had wasted at school. A. didn’t I realize B. did I realize C. I didn’t realize D. I realized 5. So ______ that no fish can live in it. A. the lake is shallow B. shallow the lake is C. shallow is the lake D. is the lake shallow 6. “May God ______ with you,” said the priest. A. is B. are C. will be D. be 7. ______, I will try my best to master it. A. However difficult computer science is B. No matter how computer science is difficult C. However computer science is difficult D. No matter how difficult is computer science 8. Now ______ your turn to answer my question. A. did come B. has come C. comes D. are coming 9. I don’t think Jack will come today, ______. A. nor will Mary B. and so will Mary C. Mary will either D. nor Mary will 10. Such _______ the results of the experiments. A. as be B. are C. was D. is 11. On the wall ______ two large portraits.
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A. are hanging B. hanged C. hang D. hangs 12. Not only _______ interested in football but _______ beginning to show an interest in it. A. the teacher himself is; all his students are B. the teacher himself is; are all his students C. is the teacher himself; are all his students D. is the teacher himself; all his students are 13. ______ are th e days when teachers were looked down upon. A. Gone B. Go C. To go D. Going 14. Only when you re alize the importance of foreign language ______ them well. A. you can learn B. can you learn C. you learned D. did you learn 15. ______, his idea was accepted by all the people at the meeti ng. A. Strange as might it sound B. As it might sound strange C. As strange it might sound D. Strange as it might sound 16. Hardly ______ into the office _______ the telephone rang. A. does he go; than B. did he go; when C. has he gone; when D. had he gone; when 17. I would have help you, ______ here yesterday. A. were I B. if I were C. should I have been D. had I been 18. ---Why can’t I smoke? ---At no time ______ in the meeting-room. A. does smoking permit B. is smoking permitted C. smoking is permitted D. permits smoking 19. On each side of the street ______ a lot of trees. A. are grown B. is standing C. grow D. stands 20. Up into the sky ______. A. went the light blue smoke B. does the light blue smoke C. the light blue smoke went D. go the light blue smoke 21. ______ we shall go on a picnic. A. The weather is fine B. Should the weather be fine C. The weather be fine D. Would the weather be fine 22. The old couple have been married for 40 years and never once ______ with each other. A. they had quarreled B. they have quarreled C. have they quarreled D. had they quarreled 23. Only in this way ______ to make improvements in the operating system. A. you can hope B. you did hope C. can you hope D. did you hope 24. ---You forgot your purse when you went out. --- Good heavens, ______. A. so did I B. so I did C. I did so D. I so did 25. So difficult ______ it to live in an English-speaking country that I determined to learn English. A. I have felt B. have I felt C. I did feel D. did I feel 倒装:BBABCDACABCDABDDDBCABCCBD

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