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外研社高中英语必修一module2


1.amusing adj.好笑的,娱乐的,有趣的 I had an amusing experience last year. 去年我有过一次好笑的经历。 What he said is amusing. 他说的话很有趣。 【知识拓展】 amuse vt.使快乐,逗乐,给??提供娱乐 amused adj.愉快的,感到有趣的 amusedly adv.感兴趣地,愉快地 amus

ement n.娱乐,消遣,快乐的事 be amused at/by/with...感到??有趣 be amused to do...做??被逗乐 in amusement 感兴趣地 to one’s amusement 使某人觉得有趣的是 用 amuse 的适当形式填空 ①Hearing the amusing story,she had an amused look on the face. ②I was amused to see the children dance. 2.patient adj.有耐心的,能容忍的 n.病人 The doctor is very patient with his patients. 这个医生对他的病人很有耐心。 Be patient with her—she’s very young.

对她耐心点——她年纪太小。[剑桥高阶] 【归纳拓展】 (1)impatient adj.没有耐心的;不能容忍的 be patient with sb.对某人有耐心 be patient of sth.忍耐某事 (2)patience n.忍耐力;耐心 be out of patience with...对??忍无可忍 have no patience with...对??不能容忍 with patience=patiently 耐心地 ⑨—What is he like? —He is patient ________ others and ________ hardships. A.with;of B.with;to C.of;with D.to;with 解析:be patient with sb.“对某人有耐心”;be patient of sth.“忍耐 某事” 。 答案:A 3.appreciate vt.欣赏,赏识;感谢,感激;重视,珍惜 We really appreciate all the help you gave us last weekend. 你们上周末给予我们大力帮助,我们非常感谢。 He appreciates your talents. 他很赏识你的才华。 Doctors are highly appreciated in that country.

在那个国家里医生受到高度重视。 【联想拓展】 appreciate sth.欣赏,重视某物 appreciate (one’s) doing sth.欣赏/感激(某人)做某事 I would appreciate it if...如果??,我将不胜感激 appreciation n.欣赏;感激 【温馨提示】 (1)appreciate 后接名词,代词或动词的 ing 形式作宾语,不能用动词 不定式。 (2)I’ appreciate it if...请按固定句式记, 如果??, d “ 我将不胜感激” 。 it 代替 if 从句中所提到的情况。 (3)appreciate(v.)感谢,后接事或物;thank(v.)感谢,后接人。 Thank you for your help.We did appreciate it. 谢谢你的帮助,对此我真的很感激。 ⑩I would appreciate ________ back this afternoon. A.you to call B.you call

C.your calling D.you’re calling 解析:句意:我将乐于你下午再回电话。本题考查 appreciate 后接 动名词复合结构的用法。 4.admit vt.承认(错误、罪行等);容纳,接收;准许进入(或使用); 让??享有(to) She admitted(that)she had made a mistake.

她承认自己犯了一个错误。 Spain was admitted to the European Community in 1986. 西班牙于 1986 年被接纳为欧洲共同体成员。 The theatre only admits 1,000 persons. 这个剧场只容得下 1 000 人。 The facts admit of no other explanation.事实不容置疑 答案:C 【相关链接】 (1)admit sth.承认(事实、过失等) admit doing sth./having done sth. 承认做/已经做了某事 admit that...承认?? admit sb./sth. to be...承认某人/事?? admit sb./sth. to/into 接纳某人(某物)进入??, 吸收某人(某物),参加; 许可??进入 sb. be admitted to...接受某人(入学、入院等) (2)admission n.承认;入场费,会费;准许进入 【温馨提示】 (1)admit 表示“承认”时,后跟动名词,不跟不定式作宾语。 (2)admit 当“容纳”讲时,可替换为 hold,contain,seat。 They want to build a lecture hall which can admit/hold/contain/seat 10,000 people.

他们想建一个可以容纳一万人的演讲厅。 5.respect vt.&n.尊敬;尊重 I have great/the greatest respect for his ideas, although I don’t agree with them. 我非常尊重他的想法,不过我并不赞同这些想法. If you don’t respect yourself,how can you expect others to respect you? 如果你不尊重自己,怎能期望别人尊重你? 【思维链接】 (1)respect sb./sth. for sth.因某事尊敬或敬重某人/某物 respect oneself 自尊;自重 (2)show/have respect for 对??表示尊重,尊敬 out of one’s respect 出于对??的尊敬 (3)give/send one’s respects to 代某人向??问候 in respect of 关于??,就??而言 (4)with respect to 关于??一事;就??事而言 (5)in all respects=in every respect 在各方面 (6)respectful adj.恭敬的,尊敬的 respectfully adv.尊敬地,谦恭地 respectable adj.正派地,体面地 【友情提示】 give one’s respects to...“代某人向??问好”中的 respects 要用复

数 ?Students should have respect ________ their teachers. A.for B.to C.with D.on

解析:have/show respect for 表示“对??表示尊敬,尊敬” 。 答案:A 6.make sure 确信,查明;务必要(做到) I must go back home and make sure I closed the windows. 我必须回去看看我有没有关上窗户。 Make sure you lock the door behind you when you go out. 出门的时候一定要锁好门。 【思维链接】 be sure of 注意,确信,深信 be sure that 注意,一定要做到,使有把握 be sure to do 确信会做某事 【温馨提示】 make sure 后面可接从句,一般不接 to do sth.。而 be sure 可组成 be sure of/about;be sure to do sth.;be sure that...等句型 ?Please tell Tom not to leave the classroom unless he ________ that all the lights ________. A.makes sure;are turned off B.makes sure;will turn off

C.is made sure;are turned off D.will make sure;will be turned off 解析: 主句为祈使句表将来, 故状语从句用现在时态表将来;灯是 “被 关掉” ,故用 turn off 的被动形式。 答案:A 7.agree with 同意 He doesn’t agree with what I said.他不同意我的话。 You look wellthe mountain air must agree with you. 你气色真好,这一定是山里空气的功劳。 【思维链接】 (1)agree with sb./one’s idea/what sb. said 赞同,同意,与某人意见 一致 agree to one’s plan/suggestion/arrangement...赞同某人的计划/建议/ 安排?? agree on sth.就某事双方达成协议 agree to do sth.同意做某事 agree with sb. about/on sth.同意某人某事 agree that...同意?? one’s words agree with one’s deeds 言行一致 food/climate agrees with sb. 某人适应(某地的)食物/气候 (2)agreement(n.)同意,一致

be in agreement with sb.与某人意见一致 reach/come to/arrive at no agreement 没有达成协议 (3)disagree vi.不同意,不一致 disagreement n.不同意,不一致 【用法点击】 表“同意”时介词的选用: agree with+某人或表示“意见、看法”的词。 agree to+表示“提议、办法、计划”的词。 agree on+表示具体协议的文件、计划、行动的词。(这时,主语常是 协商一件事的人们或单位。) ?We agreed ________ here but so far he hasn’t turned up yet. A.having met B.meeting C.to meet D.to have met

解析:句意: “我们已同意在此相会,但是,到目前他还没有露面。 ”考 查 agree to do sth.而不是 ing 形式,排除 A、B,题意表明还没见面, 故排除 D。答案:C 8.as a result 结果 They held completely different views,and as a result,he had to stay in hospital for a whole month. 他们的意见分歧很大,结果,他不得不在医院呆一整月。 Profits have declined as a result of the recent drop in sales.

由于最近销售量滑坡,利润下降了。[剑桥高阶] 【指点迷津】 as a result “因此,结果” ,在句中作状语,其前常有一个表示原因的句子。 as a result of(=because of)由于??, 因为??的缘故, 后接名词或动 词 ing 形式。 【相关链接】 result in(同 lead to)为动词短语,意为“导致,造成” 。 result from 动词短语, “起因于,由??引起” 。 【重点提示】 result from 表示“由??引起或产生” ,主语指结果,宾语指起因, from 有表示原因的意味;result in 表示“产生;导致” ,主语指起因, 宾语指结果。 The typhoon has resulted in many thousands of deaths. 台风已经造成了成千上万的人死亡。 Sickness often results from eating too much. 疾病往往因吃得太多而引起。 ?My friend Martin was very sick with a strange fever;________, he could neither eat nor sleep. A.as a result B.after all C.anyway D.otherwise

解析:上句说“马丁患了奇怪的发烧,病得很厉害” ,下句说“他不 能吃也不能睡”因此用 as a result 连接两个句子, “结果是??” , 表示 。

after all“毕竟” ;anyway“无论如何” ;otherwise“否则” 。 答案:A 9.She explains English grammar so clearly that even I can understand it! 她讲解英语语法如此清楚,甚至连我都能明白! Mrs. Li just smiles,so that you don’t feel completely stupid! 李老师只是笑笑,因此你就不会感到自己是个大笨蛋!so/such...that 引导结果状语从句,意为“如此??以至于” 。 And my memory became so large that even I couldn’t believe it! 我的存储量变得如此之大,连我自己都不能相信! Jack is such a clever boy that he can read books for grownups at the age of six. =Jack is so clever a child that he can read books for grownups at the age of six. 杰克是如此聪明的孩子,以致在六岁就能读成人的书。 【归纳总结】 so...that...的基本句式 (1)so+形容词(副词或分词)+that 从句 (2)so+形容词+a(an)+单数名词+that 从句 (3)so+ +that 从句 【用法指津】

(1)so...that...与 such...that...都有“如此??以至于??”之意。但 so 是副词,修饰形容词或副词;而 such 是形容词,修饰名词(词组)。 注意:so 与 such 均要与不定冠词和形容词连用,但位置有别: so+adj.+a(an)+n.+that 从句 such+a(an)+adj.+n.+that 从句。如果后边 所接的名词是不可数名词时,只能用 such。 (2)so...that.../so that so...that...意为“如此??以至于??” ,只能引导结果状语从句;而 sothat 意为“结果是;以便,目的是” ,既可引导结果状语从句,也可 引导目的状语从句。so that 引导目的状语从句时,从句中常使用 can/could/may/might/will/would/should 等情态动词;引导结果状语从 句时,从句中一般不用 can 和 may 等词,在 so that 前可以有逗号,意 思是“因此;所以” 。 (3)当 so.../such...放在句首时,主句要用部分倒装。 完成句子 ?She was so excited that couldn’t go to sleep. 她兴奋得睡不着觉。 ?It was so hot a day that nobody wanted to do anything. (=It was such a hot day that nobody wanted to do anything.) 天气如此热,谁也不想干活。 So fast did he run that I couldn’t catch up with him. 他跑得那么快以至于我赶不上他。 10.I’d rather do translation than revision,Mr. Stanton.我宁愿翻

译也不复习,Stanton 先生。 句中含有 would rather 的用法。 I’d rather have the red one than(have) the green one.我宁愿要红的, 也不愿要绿的。 I’d take the train rather than go there by air. 我宁可坐火车去那儿,也不愿坐飞机去那儿。 Don’ come tomorrow. I’ rather you came next weekend.明天别来, t d 我希望你下周末再来。 Rather than refuse to help you,I would borrow money from my friends. 我宁可向朋友借钱,也不愿拒绝帮助你。 【句式归纳】 would rather(not)do sth.宁愿(不)做某事 would rather do sth.than do sth.宁愿??,也不?? =would do sth. rather than do sth. =prefer to do sth. rather than do sth. 【疑难点津】 would rather 后跟从句时,从句中要用虚拟语气 would rather sb. did sth.宁愿某人做某事(用一般过去时表示对现在 和将来的虚拟) would rather sb. had done sth.宁愿某人做过某事(过去完成时表示对 过去的虚拟)

—Did you scold the boy for his mistakes? —Yes,but ________ it. A.I’d rather not do B.I’d not rather do

C.I’d rather not have done D.I’d rather have done 【例 2】 If you leave the club,you will not be ________ back in. A.received C.turned B.admitted D.moved

【例 3】 So sudden ________ that the enemy had no time to escape. A.did the attack C.was the attack B.the attack did D.the attack was


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