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x现在分词作状语


状语的功用:状语说明地点、时
间、原因、目的、结果、条件、方向、 程度、方式和伴随状况等。

? 1.副词一般在句子中做状语 ? He speaks English very well. 他英语说得非常好。 ? 其中的“very”是程度副词,用来修饰“well”。 “very well”是修饰“speak”的程度状语。 ? 2. 不定式在句子中可以作目的状语 ? I come specially to see you. 我专门来看你。 ? 3.介词短语 ? Ten years ago, She began to live in Dalian. ? 从十年以前开始,她开始住在了大连。 ? The boy was praised for his bravery. ? 这个男孩因为他的勇敢而被夸奖。

? 4.从句作状语 ? When she was 12 years old, she began to live in Dalian. ? 她12岁的那一年开始居住于大连。 ? If I am not busy tomorrow, I will play football with you. ? 如果我明天不忙,我就会陪你踢足球。 ? 5.分词作状语 ? Having had a quarrel with his wife, he left home in a bad temper。 ? 因为和妻子吵了一架,他愤怒的离开了家。

现在分词作状语,可以表原因,时间,让步 (虽然,即使),结果,条件,伴随,分别充 当原因状语从句,时间状语从句,让步状 语从句,结果状语从句,条件状语从句, 伴随状语从句

现在分词作状语
1.Having been bitten by snake, she was frightened at it. 2.Hearing the news, they got excited. 3.Admitting your words, I still think that you made a mistake. 4.The cup dropped to the ground, breaking into pieces. 5.Turning to the left, you will find the place you want. 6.They came into the classroom, singing and dancing

? 1. She sat at the desk ,reading a newspaper. ? 2. While reading the book, he nodded from time to time. ? 3. Not having received a reply, we wrote again. 、4.Heating water, we can change it into vapor.
? 注意:①-ing形式作状语,其逻辑主语应与句子的主 语一致。 ? ②-ing形式前可有while, when, though, if等连词。

1.European football is played in 80 countries, ______ it the most popular sport in the world. A. making B. makes C. made D. to make 2. Finding her car stolen, _______. A. a policeman was asked to help B. the area was searched thoroughly C. it was looked for everywhere D. she hurried to a policeman for help 3. He sent me an e-mail, ________ to get further information. A. hoped B. hoping C. to hope D. hope

4. While building a tunnel through the mountain, _______. A. an underground lake was discovered B. there was an underground lake discovered C. a lake was discovered underground D. the workers discovered an underground lake 5. Having been attacked by terrorists, _______. A. doctors came to their rescue B. the tall building collapsed C. an emergency measure was taken D. warnings were given to tourists


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