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高考英语短文改错应考策略课件

短文改错

设题特点:给出一篇短文,一般都是以出自学 生的书面表达为基本,文中共有10处语言错误, 每句中最多有两处。错误涉及一个单词的增加、 删除或修改。 答题要求:增加:在缺词处加一个漏字符号 ( ∧),并在其下面写出该加的词。删除:把多 余的词用斜线(\)划掉。 修改:在错的词下划一横线,并在该词下面

写 出修改后的词。 注意:1.每处错误及其修改均仅限一词; 2.只允许修改10处,多者(从第11处起) 不计分。

高考短文改错题目考查方向: 高考英语短文改错主要考查考生在语篇中综合 运用英语语言知识的能力,它不同于单句改错, 考生应在理解短文的基础上,根据上下文的逻 辑关系,结合语言知识对文中的错误做出判断, 并进行纠正。因此,该题型综合性强,涉及面 广。从历届高考题我们可以看到,短文改错所 考查的知识点涵盖了中学英语中的所有的语法 内容.

高考短文改错题目考查点:

短文改错常考的点主要是以下几个方面:一是语 法方面,主要测试动词时态和语态,主谓一致, 非谓语动词,短语动词;名词,代词的各种形式, 形容词和副词以及比较等级的用法;连词、冠词、 介词,固定搭配;简单句、并列句和复合句,以 及倒装、省略句等。二是在行文逻辑方面,主要 考查人物的性别及相应的指代代词或物的数量及 相应的指代代词的一致,句子的并列、递进、转 折、因果关系等的相应关联词;时间的先后顺序 等.

考题特点分析:所设错误都是中国学生最易 犯的点,由于受汉语影响我们会以汉语的思 维和汉语表达方式写英语句子,另一方面, 我们对英汉差异的意识不强导致错误发生。 而在改错时思想倾向于汉语翻译,受意义的 牵制忽略了英语句型结构、用词特点的正确 格式,所以不好发现问题。有些学生仅凭经 验和做题的惯性乱猜乱改,没有原则。所以, 短文看似简单,错误似乎很明显,但并不是 很容易得分。
考题试做:请看下面试题

Dear Ms Smith, I am secretary of the City Student Union (CSU). We were organizing an art exhibition for high school students are in city. This will be held on the 9th of July in the the It Exhibition Hall of Beihai. More than 1000 painting will paintings be on show, but high school students and teachers from and all the eight districts will come to the event. As you are very popularly with us Chinese high school students, popular for you to the exhibition. We would be we’d like to invite grateful when you could join them that day. if us soon. Looking forward to hear from you hearing Yours, Li Ming

短文改错解题策略:
1.通读短文明确中心主题,整体把握时间、地点、人物、 事件和行文逻辑

2.看标点确定句子头尾,明确句子特点(简单句、并列 句、复合句、特别句式);抓关键谓语动词看主语明确 主谓关系,确保主谓人称、语态、时态一致。
3.划分意群,明确成分,化整为零,各个击破。 4.联系考点,依据原则,运用知识,分析解决。

6.通览检查,纠错补漏,确定结果

策略试练:
Most families in China hoped their single children will hope have a happy future, so they are very strict in their with children. So do teachers in schools! Many children are are given so much homework that they have hardly any spare time have sports. The children are forbidden to do to anything but to study. No wonder so many children are tired of lessons. Some even attack or kill his parents and theirthis kind of teachers! I believe many people already read haveShouldn’t we draw news in newspapers or magazines. a lesson from the accidents? Now our government is carry carrying out a plan to solve the education problems.

考点应对策略归纳: 1.抓主语,看谓语,主谓关系要统一 (语态、一致和时态,语气,形式需考虑)
1)An English lady was finally decided that she really should learn to drive.

2) Now my picture and prize is hanging in the are library. 3)She liked it very much and reads it to the class. read 4)Of course, when my mother was asked, “Have you…”
5)Books may be keep for four weeks. kept 6)Charles and Linda were seeing near the top of the seen building.

2.名词性质要关注,可数与否须清楚。名词具有 受限性,限制(特指、确指和泛指)、修饰要重视。 1)Kate covered it with a lot of Christmas light. 2)…so that I’ll get good marks in all my subject. 3)Good health is person’s most valuable possession. a 4)Some people read the books or watch television while others have sports. 5) We stopped to rest for a while and to drink some waters from a stream. 6) water We climb everywhere, not only in America. We have been to Europe many time. times villages. 7) There are branch library in many libraries 8) I hope that you two could come and visit us some times soon. time

3.代词出现不起眼,指代不明生疑点, 验名正身别怕烦,确保一致心里安。
1) I just smiled to me and thought , “What can I myself do ?” 2) Finally, the men threw away most of his clothes their to save themselves . 3) I read your e-mail to my parents and showed them the photo you sent it to me . 4)I liked those classes because I felt that it helped they me. 5)And they must not break the rules too often if we we the game. want to win

4. 英汉词性易混乱,形、副、名、介较常见, 成分关系是关键。形作定表,副作状,名词功能 莫要忘。 1.He came back lately last night. late 2. I would describe myself as shy and quietly. quiet 3. He asked angry if we had finished the work. angrily 4. Charles said, “As soon as I see a real tall really building, I want to climb it. 5. He practiced hard and past the driving-test. passed 6. I’m sure we’ll have a wonderfully time. wonderful 7. Unfortunate,there are too many people in my Unfortunately family. 8.The beautiful of the lake attracts us a lot. beauty

5.连接词语需检验,逻辑关系前后辨。
1.We tried to fix it and there was nothing we could do. but 2.I told Mother, Father, Sister, all my friends here what and a great time I had. 3.It is a very important exam but I can’t afford to fail it. and 4.She was smiling but nodding at me. and 5.The market at the corner of Friendship Street and Xinhua Road has given way to a supermarket. Besides but the bookstore next to our middle school is still there. 6.It started to rise higher again. So it was still too close but to the water. 7.I’d like to stay there for half a month, visiting places of interest or practicing my English as well.

and

6.介词多少也要看,搭配错误较常见。 1.Because the help you gave me that summer ,my life changed. of 2. When a young man starts to earn his own living ,he can no longer expect others to pay his food .

for

3. At Christmas Eve, Jim went with his father to choose a On Christmas tree.
4.After five years away in my hometown, I find that …

from

5.As you are very popularly with us Chinese high school students, we’d like to invite for you to the exhibition.

6. , so they are very strict in their children.
7. …so that we can help each other on the course work.

with

with

7.非谓语动词是考点,见面验证别嫌烦。
1.My parents love me… and will do all they can make to sure… 2. We fed monkeys, visiting temples and told stories. visited 3. Soon I began to enjoy talk to myself on paper as I was talking learning to express myself in simple English. 4. I just want to thank you for helping me becoming a become different person . 5.Looking forward to hear from you soon. hearing face to face with you. 6.I have often dreamed of talk talking 7. Play football not only makes us grow up tall and Playing also … strong but

8.固定搭配看清楚,习惯用法要关注。 句式特点整体看,引导词语是关键。
1.As a result, people in the modern world generally live much more longer than people in the past. 2.Suddenly, I caught a sight of my English teacher. 3. My teacher advised me to keep my diary. a 4. I don’t know that they don’t like to talk with me. why 5. I think I’d email you and let you know what things how are going. 6. I live in Beijing,where is the capital of China. 7. It was turned out which own cup, that she’d left on to be her which the shelf by mistake.

(09)Dear Mrs Winthorp, So my first week at college is over! No lectures this morning so I think I’d email you and let you know what how things are going. I’m glad to say that anything has worked out fine in everything the dorm. I remember asking for a room as far away from the lifts as possible and they find me a comfortable foundfrom my course one on second floor. There are two girls the here and I plan to make friend with them so that we can friends help each other on the course work. Everyone else seems with very nice and warmly here. warm to stop now. I’m going to attend Well, I had better mine first lesson this afternoon, for I’ve got some my so preparation to make, Keep in touch. Best,

(10改错)My sister saw a lovely cup when we are shopping the other day. She liked it at once. were Then she bent down and picked up to look at a it the price on it. As she did this, lots of tea splashed on his T-shirt! I had to try hardly not to laugh at her her hard shocked face! My sister wanted get out of the shop toassistant came as fast as she could when a shop over to us. It was turned out to be her own cup, that she’d left on the shelf by mistake. The which assistant was clearly as embarrassing as my sister, embarrassed for I just thought it was funny! but/yet/while

07、08、09、10短文改错考点对比 1、时态 [07]listen改为listened [08]were改为are (09)find改为found (10)are改为were 2、介词 [07]in改为to 属于固定搭配:invite to [08]invite后的介词for是多余的,应该去掉 (09)on改为with 属于固定搭配:help sb. With (10) want后加to 属于动词不定式小品词缺失 3、代词 [07]将主格I 改为宾格me [08]将them改为us [08]将this改为it (09) anything 改为everything (09)mine改为my (10)pick up之 间少it , his改为her, that改为which(非限定性定语从句) 4、名词单复数 [07]将week改为weeks [08]将painting改为paintings (09)将friend改为friends (10)无 5、副词改为形容词 [07]将beautifully改为beautiful [08]将popularly改为popular (09)将warmly 改为warm (10)hardly改为hard

6、连词 [07]将but改为and [08]将but改为and (09)将for改为so (10)for改为but/yet/while/and 7、非谓语动词 [07]在动词see之前加to [08]将动词hear改为hearing (09) I had better to stop now 去掉to (10)embarrassing改为embarrassed 8、限定词 [07]friend后加‘s[08]city前加the (09)在second floor前加the (10)A 改为the 9、动词形式 [07]将see改为seen (10)It was turned out取掉was 10、从属连词 [08]将when改为if (09)what改为how 【分析】(1)考查项目涉及动词,介词,代词,名词,冠词 形容词,副词,连词。(2)主要想考查中国学生容易出错的 地方:词性和词形的屈折变化、冠词、介词、连词、代词等。


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