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高考短文改错专项训练(带答案)


高考短文改错专项练习
1 College students have a little ways to pay their college fees. Many students have their parents to pay the fees. Some students may apply to a bank loan and others will try t

o find part-time jobs in and out of the campus. Apart from this, many good student can win a scholarship. By this way they can pay at least part of the fees. As to me, I will let my parents pay half of their fees because they are rich enough. Beside my study, I will take up a part-time job by teach some high school students math, physics, chemistry and English, as I’m very good at these important subjects. Of course I will also work very hard at my lessons in order to I can easily win a scholarship.

2 I am angry about the act of dishonesty in the exams. I’m not saying that I’m a good student and that I’ve never cheated. I once write the answer on my hand for a history test but, unluckily, caught by my teacher. Because she was one of my most

favorites, there were no words to describe how sorry I felt at once. I thought cheat would help me keep my straight A’s. Little I know that I was hurting not only herself but also my teachers. From this lesson I know teachers want students to succeed by learning with their own and do the best they can, not by cheating.

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3 Friendship is very importance. Everyone needs friendship. In all our lives we can’t live without friendship just as we can’t live without air and water. Friendship makes us getting on well with one another to go ahead under different kind of difficulties in the front of us. But real friendship is no easy to come by. True friendship must be sincerely and be based on understand each other but not on benefits of each other. A good friend can always be a good teacher to us. By his advices we are persuading to go the right way. Therefore more friends we have, the better we can improve ourselves.

4 My secret of staying young is simple: keeping your mind awake and you will stay young all over. Take an interest in world around you, and learn at least one old thing every day. Don’t think that you are ever very old to go back to school. I know a man who entered medical college in 70. He got his degree with honors and became a

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famous doctor. Other man went to law school at 71 and is now a active lawyer. You may say that staying young is easy only for those live in the future. In fact, you can do it whether you care enough to try to keep your mind awake and active, and which is the only way to be always young.

5 My swimming experience is extreme interesting. There was a time when I swim like a rock. This went on till one day when I was fishing with a friend of mine at nearby pond. I slipped into one. Had my friend not come to my rescue, I would have been drowned. Ever since then, I had come to know the importance of learning to swim. I didn’t attend at any training class but learned it all by myself. Strange to say, I have difficult swimming at all now. Though the way I swim look awkward ( 笨拙的), at least it can keep me from floating. Thinking of this, I feel quiet satisfied.

6 In a summer night in Taiwan, Xiao Hong was going on her way to school happily then

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suddenly she felt the street was strong shaking. The trees were torn up and many buildings were leaned down to the ground. Even a car was destroyed by the fallen buildings. She was knocked down by a tree before she knew. Two doctors carried him to safety and she was settled down in a tent for treatment. After some time, she had got over. Seeing such many goods from the mainland of China and other countries, she believed all the destroyed houses would be built.

7 I’m glad to write to you. It is near a month since you had left our hospital. I’m still worried about you. How are you get along these days? I think you may be much better now, but I’d better have a good rest and take good care of yourselves since you are sixty-year-old man. I still remember those days which you helped me to my English. With your help, I make good progress. But to my regret, my English remains very poor through I have made good use of my time. Can you give me some advice on it?

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8 One day I was dining with my friend Zhou in McDonald when two young girls came in hand in hand. While enjoyed a hamburger, I found Zhou looking around at something strangely. I raised my eyes to see what was happening. The two girls are making gestures skillfully. Obviously they were deaf-mutes. I had learned some sign languages ago, so I showed various gestures with Zhou following me in low spirits. We played and laughed cheerfully as if there had no one else present. Suddenly we saw both the two girls glaring at us. Before we could explain to them, they had walked out angrily, left the food unfinished. They thought we were making joke of them. How I regretted!

9 We often think insects to be harmless. This is partly true. Many an insect are harmful. Flies carry diseases. Others insects carry diseases, too. Farmers are at war with insects most the time. Hunger insects kill crops in the fields Farmers spray the field as to get rid of these insects. Does this means that all insects are harmful? No. Many are of great helpful to man. Bees make honey. With bees and other insects, many trees would have not fruit. Silkworms make silk. Some insects eat other insects that kill fruit trees.

5

高考短文改错专项练习 (答案) 1 College students have a little ways to pay their college fees. Many students have their few parents to pay the fees. Some students may apply to a bank loan and others will try to find 去掉 for part-time jobs in and out of the campus. Apart from this, many good student can win a students scholarship. By this way they can pay at least part of the fees. As to me, I will let my parents pay In half of their fees because they are ∧rich enough. Beside my study, I will take up a part-time my not Besides job by teach some high school students math, physics, chemistry and English, as I’m very good teaching at these important subjects. Of course I will also work very hard at my lessons in order to I can that easily win a scholarship. 2 I am angry about the act of dishonesty in the exams. I’m not saying that I’m a good student acts and that I’ve never cheated. I once write the answer on my hand for a history test but, unluckily, or wrote ∧caught by my teacher. Because she was one of my most favorites, there were no words to was describe how sorry I felt at once. I thought cheat would help me keep my straight A’s. Little∧ I cheating did know that I was hurting not only herself but also my teachers. From this lesson I know teachers myself want students to succeed by learning with their own and do the best they can, not by cheating. on doing 3 Friendship is very importance. Everyone needs friendship. In all our lives we can’t live important without friendship just as we can’t live without air and water. Friendship makes us getting on get well with one another to go ahead under different kind of difficulties in the front of us. But real kinds friendship is no easy to come by. True friendship must be sincerely and be based on understand not sincere understanding each other but not on benefits of each other. A good friend can always be a good teacher to us. By his advices we are persuading to go the right way. Therefore ∧more friends we have, advice persuaded the the better we can improve ourselves. 4
6

4 My secret of staying young is simple: keeping your mind awake and you will stay young all keep over. Take an interest in ∧world around you, and learn at least one old thing every day. Don’t the new think that you are ever very old to go back to school. I know a man who entered medical too college in 70. He got his degree with honors and became a famous doctor. Other man went to at Another law school at 71 and is now a active lawyer. You may say that staying young is easy only for an those live in the future. In fact, you can do it whether you care enough to try to keep your mind living 或在 live 前加 who if awake and active, and which is the only way to be always young. 5 My swimming experience is extreme interesting. There was a time when I swim like a rock. extremely swam This went on till one day when I was fishing with a friend of mine at ∧nearby pond. I slipped a into one. Had my friend not come to my rescue, I would have been drowned. Ever since then, I it had come to know the importance of learning to swim. I didn’t attend at any training class but have 去掉 learned it all by myself. Strange to say, I have no difficult swimming at all now. Though the difficulty way I swim look awkward (笨拙的), at least it can keep me from floating. Thinking of this, I looks 去掉 feel quiet satisfied. quite 6 In a summer night in Taiwan, Xiao Hong was going on her way to school happily then On when suddenly she felt the street was strong shaking. The trees were torn up and many buildings were strongly leaned down to the ground. Even a car was destroyed by the fallen buildings. She was knocked leaning falling down by a tree before she knew ∧ . Two doctors carried him to safety and she was settled down it her in a tent for treatment. After some time, she had got over. Seeing such many goods from the 去掉 so mainland of China and other countries, she believed all the destroyed houses would be built. rebuilt 7 I’m glad to write to you. It is near a month since you had left our hospital. I’m still worried
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nearly about you. How are you get along these days? I think you may be much better now, but I’d better getting you’d have a good rest and take good care of yourselves since you are ∧sixty-year-old man. I still yourself a remember those days which you helped me to my English. With your help, I make good when with made progress. But to my regret, my English remains very poor through I have made good use of my though time. Can you give me some advice on it? 8 One day I was dining with my friend Zhou in ∧McDonald when two young girls came in a hand in hand. While enjoyed a hamburger, I found Zhou looking around at something strangely. enjoying strange I raised my eyes to see what was happening. The two girls are making gestures skillfully. were Obviously they were deaf-mutes. I had learned some sign languages ago, so I showed various before gestures with Zhou following me in low spirits. We played and laughed cheerfully as if there had high ∧no one else present. Suddenly we saw both the two girls glaring at us. Before we could been 或去掉 two explain to them, they had walked out angrily, left the food unfinished. They thought we were leaving making joke of them. How I regretted! fun 9 We often think insects to be harmless. This is partly true. Many an insect are harmful. Flies harmful is carry diseases. Others insects carry diseases, too. Farmers are at war with insects most ∧the Other of time. Hunger insects kill crops in the fields Farmers spray the field as to get rid of these insects. Hungry Does this means that all insects are harmful? No. Many are of great helpful to man. Bees make mean help honey. With bees and other insects, many trees would have not fruit. Silkworms make silk. Some Without no insects eat other insects that kill fruit trees.

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高考英语短文改错
常见错误:用词错误和篇章错误 用词错误:
1. 冠词的错误:a, an 的误用,注意特别名词 如 an hour, an unusual day, 及字母前如 an “f/l/m?”定冠词 the 是特指。 Eg. After a hour or so we began to feel very frightened. ____ 2. 名词的错误:单复数,可数及不可数 Information, broccoli, meat 等 Eg. So that I’ll get good marks in all my subject. ____ Without enough knowledges you can never learn well. . ______ 3. 动词的错误:现在时态和过去时态之间的互换(看通篇时态) 另外动词的非谓语也是考查的一个重点(判断主动还是被动) On Christmas Eve, Jim went with his father to choose a Christmas tree. They choose a big one. _____ 4. 形容词和副词:形容词和副词的误用。 副词修饰动词的原则。形容词修饰名词。 另外有一个特例就是系动词+形容词的结构要例外。 常见系动词:感官动词: 变化动词: 还有一个考点:形容词和副词的级也是要注意的。两者之间比较,关键词 than; 而最高级是三者或三者以上,一般后面有 of/ in+. Eg.He asked angry if we had finished the work. ______ 5. 介词误用。介词的漏用。这一块难度较大,多背固定搭配的短语。此外 像 look forward to, be accustomed to, get/be used to, lead to,pay attention to, stick to, object to, devote to, be dedicated to 等后面的 to 是介词, 如果要跟动词一定要 变成 ing 形式。 at 表示片刻的时间,in 表示一段的时间,on 总是与日 表示时间的 in, on, at 子有关 表 示 时 间 的 since, since 指从过去到现在的一段时间, 和完成时连用, from from 指从时间的某一点开始 in 指在一段时间之后, after 表示某一具体时间点之后或 表示时间的 in, after 用在过去时的一段时间中 表示地理位置的 in, in 表示在某范围内,on 指与什么毗邻,to 指在某环境 on, to 范围之外 表示 “在…上” 的 on, on 只表示在某物的表面上,in 表示占去某物一部分 in 表 示 “ 穿 过 ” 的 through 表示从内部通过,与 in 有关,across 表示在表 through, across 面上通过,与 on 有关 表示 “关于” 的 about, about 指涉及到,on 指专门论述 on
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between 与 among 的 区别 besides 与 except 的 区别

between 表示在两者之间,among 用于三者或三者以上 的中间 besides 指“除了…还有再加上” ,except 指“除了,减 去什么” ,不放在句首 with 表示具体的工具, in 表示材料, 方式, 方法, 度量, 表示 “用” 的 in, with 单位,语言,声音 as 意为“作为,以…地位或身份” ,like 为“象…一样” , as 与 like 的区别 指情形相似 in 通常表示位置(静态) ,into 表示动向,不表示目的 in 与 into 区别 地或位置 6. 代词的错误:常见误用或漏用。如 him-her /it-them/its-ours 等 人称代词主格: 人称代词宾格: 形容词物主代词: 名词性物主代词: 反身代词:

篇章错误
一般来说,如果短文的内容不理解是很难改出这些错误。比如关联词和关系代 词/关系副词等。 1. 关联词:常见的有 but/however, and, so 和 or 之间的误用。 Eg.We tried to fix it and there was nothing we could do. ____ 2. 一致关系:包括两个连接成分的一致,人称和数的一致,或者是前面提到的语 法一致现象。一般上述的关联词前后比较容易出错。 Eg.We fed monkeys, visiting temples and told stories. _______ 3. 关系代词或副词:比如只用 that 的特殊情况(详见下) ,when, where, why, who 和 whom, which+介词等 Eg. I live in Beijing,where is the capital of China. _________ 只用 that 的情况如下: (1)当先行词是 all, something, nothing 等不定代词时 (2)先行词的前面有 first, last, only, few, much, some, any, no 等词修饰时 (3)先行词的前面有最高级修饰时 (4)先行词包含人和物时 做题的思路 1. 先通读全文了解短文内容。 这样做篇章错误的类型就有把握,到底要转折还是 要用并列。 2. 逐句先把明显的错误改出来。 3. 利用我们常出错的一般规律来查找隐形错误。在改错中宗会有一、二处一下看 不出来,这种情况下,我们要利用大致会出错的地方来分析。一般来说,改错的 地方相对均匀,不会同一种错误出现很多出,介词或动词偶尔例外。 4. 改错题可以一发下试卷就做, 因为此时头脑较为清醒; 如果做完阅读去做的话, 有可能头脑较糊涂,不利于改错。当然这也是因人而异,没有绝对的
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例题如下:
第三部分:写作(共两节,满分 40 分) 2011 年浙江高考英语试题 第一节: 短文改错(共 10 小题;每小题 1 分,满分 10 分) 下面短文中有 10 处语言错误。请在有错误的地方增加、删除或修改某个单词。 增加:在缺词处加一个漏字符号(∧) ,并在其下面写上该加的词。 删除:把多 余的词用斜线(\)划掉。 修改:在错的词下划一横线,并在该词下面写上修改后的词。 注意:1.每处错误 及其修改均仅限一词。 2.只允许修改 10 处,多者(从第 11 除起)不计分。

I was playing at my cousin house. Since his family was rich than mine, he had more t oys than I did. There was one on particular I’d always wanted. I put into my pocket w hen he wasn’t looking. I guessed, even at that age, I would never be able to enjoy to pl aying with the toy or faced my cousin again; I would always know I’d done somethin g wrong. Late on, my aunt drove me home. When she dropped me off, I pulled out the toy slow and gave it back. She knows what had happened, but she thanked me and ev er mentioned it again.

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