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外研版高中英语必修4 Module6 学案


Module 6 Unexplained Mysteries of the Natural world 第一课时(Introduction)
班级_______ 姓名___________ 座号_______ 评价________

学习目标:1)学习有关词汇;2)激发学生学习神秘现象的兴趣。 重难点:1)词语的搭配和正确使用短语;2)P51 短文的正确理解。 Step1. Self-learning 一、根据下列句子的意思及所给单词的首字母或所给的汉语注释,在横线上写出各单词的 正确形式。

1、You are easy to be ______________ (攻击) when you are in red in the forest. 2、 The man claimed to be able to tell my f______________ by looking at my hands. 3、When moving to Europe together, the children ___________ (适应) to the changes quickly. 4 To some foreigners who have never been to China, China is a m ________ country. 5、His answer ________________ (暗示) that I could leave. 6、My suggestion is to try to remain c_______________ before he interviewer. 7、There are probably lots of strange c________________ in that lake. 8、These animals d_______________ mysteriously millions of years ago. 9、Without protection, some animals will be d_____________ in the near future. 10、He managed to cross the b_______________ into Germany. 11、Lily is an honest girl, so it is u _______________ that she told lies to her teacher. 12、The buildings c________________ an area of 4 square kilometers.
二、根据汉语提示完成句子.

1. Many species of animals are in danger of ________________ (灭绝). 2. The team's success was largely ________________(由于) her efforts. 3. There was nothing to ________________ (帮助弄清楚) the connection between the two men. 4. As we are familiar with each other, let's _____________________ (开门见山). Step2.Introduction (新课学习)
1. Learn the words and match them with the definitions.( Activity 2 , P51) 2. Finish ex. 7&8 on P99.

Module 6 Unexplained Mysteries of the Natural world 第二、三课时(Reading)班级_______ 姓名___________ 座号_______ 评价________
学习目标: (1)通过阅读文章的起始段猜测文章的出处。 (2)把握文章的主要信息。 重难点: (1)根据上下文正确理解生词的含义。 (2)掌握并识记重点句型。

Learning steps:
Step 1.fast-reading (快速阅读下列文章,把不懂的词汇划出,并查阅)

(Kangkang’s father ,Dr.Li, gave a talk about health to the students of our school. Here is pare of his talk.)
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You need to have healthy eating habits. Breakfast gives you enough energy for the morning. So don’t go to school without it. Fruit and vegetables are good for your health, but fast food, like potato chips, will make you fat and unhealthy. So eat the right food to keep you healthy. Playing sports can also help you keep fit. But sometimes it may cause accidents, so stay safe when you are playing sports. It’s necessary to learn about first aid. Then you can help yourselves or others if an accident happens. Happiness is important for your health. It is the best medicine. When you are ill, try to be happy and you’ll feel better. On the other hand, you may feel sick if you are always unhappy. So , be happy to be healthy. You must avoid smoking and drinking. Many students think it’s cool to smoke and drink. But they don’t know smoking and drinking can cause many illnesses. You should say no to smoking and drinking.
Step2. Read the passage and decide if the statements are true (T) or false (F).

1. 2. 3. 4. 5.

Playing sports can’t help you keep fit..( ) It’s a healthy eating habit to go to school without breakfast. ( Happiness is important for your health. ( ) Many students think it’s bad to smoke and drink. ( ) Smoking and drinking can cause many illnesses. ( )

)

Step 3. Read the passage again and write down the language points. ____________________________________________________________________ ____________________________________________________________________ ____________________________________________________________________ ____________________________________________________________________ ____________________________________________________________________

Module 6 Unexplained Mysteries of the Natural world 第四课时(language points)
班级_____ 姓名__________ 座号_______ 评价____

学习目标:识记本模块所学单词短语,掌握重点词短语的用法 重难点:本模块重点词语用法 Step1.语言点讲解

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1、The " Monster of Lake Tianchi " in the Changbai Mountains in Jilin province , northeast China , is back in the news after several recent sightings . 在最近的几次露面后,中国东北吉林省长白山的"天池怪物"又成了新闻. be back in the news 再次成为新闻,再次被新闻媒体关注 Why he was killed at home _________ ___________ ____________ the news in China. 他为什么在家被害,再次被中国新闻所关注。 2、The director of a local tourist office, Meng Fanying, said the monster, which seemed to be black in color, was ten meters from the edge of the lake during the most recent sighting.? 据当地的旅游办公室主任孟凡迎介绍,最近有人看见怪物就在离湖边十米的地 方,怪物的颜色似乎是黑色的。? seem to be 好像...... seem 后可跟不定式的三种形式: 一般式 to do ; 进行式 to be doing ; 完成式 to have done . (1)当我进来时,他似乎正在吃着东西。 When I came in , he seemed _________ __________ ____________ something. (2)那个破衣烂衫的人看上去似乎是个乞丐。 The man in rags seems ___________ _________ __________ ___________. (3)妈妈似乎已经知道了真相。 My mother seems ___________ ___________ ____________ the truth . 3、 He claims to have seen a round black creature moving quickly through the water. 他声称看见一个黑黑的,圆圆的动物在水中快速游动。 1) to have done 是动词不定式的完成形式, 表示动作发生在谓语动词之前。 此句 中 to have seen 表示动作发生在谓语动词 claim 之前。 (1)他似乎看过这个电影。 He seems to ______________ ______________ the film. (2)她假装已经看过那本书。 She pretended ____________ ____________ ____________ the book. 2) claim (1) v. (根据权利)要求,认领,索赔 Did you claim on the insurance after your car accident? 译:____________________________________________________________ I claimed the coat that the teacher found. 译:____________________________________________________________ (2) vt. & n. 声称;自称;主张 He claimed that he hadn't done it, but I didn't believe him. 译:____________________________________________________________ Fishermen and sailors sometimes claim to have seen monsters in the sea.
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译:____________________________________________________________ The government's claim that war was necessary was clearly mistaken 译:_____________________________________________________________ 4、unlikely adj. 不可能发生的;未必会发生的 sb./sth. be (un)likely to do… (不)可能做…… It is most (un)likely that ... ......很(不)可能 It's likely that he will be late. = He is likely to be late. It is unlikely to rain. = It is unlikely that it will rain. = It isn't likely to rain. 天不 太可能下雨. 注意: 表示"可能"的形容词有: possible , probable, likely . 这三个词都可以用 it 做主语, 但 只有 likely 可 用人做主语,构成 sb./sth. be likely to do。 (1) 如果你现在出去,你很可能会感冒。 If you go out now, you __________ __________ to __________ __________ ___________. (2) 他们说他可能赢得这场比赛。 They say that he __________ _____________ __________ ____________the game.
Step 2. 巩固练习 1. ---Will Yao Ming take part in the Spring Festival Party? --- Sorry, he __________ appear there. A. is likely to B. should likely to C. is unlikely to 2. The factory____________ area of 50 square kilometers. A. covers A. due to A. on; before A. clear; calm B. covers an B. being due to B. to; on C. takes an C. due for D. takes D. being due for 3. He failed to catch the first bus_________ the bad weather. 4. The “ Monster of Lake Tianchi” is back ________ the news ________ several recent sightings. C. in; after D. with; to D. clear; calmly 5. They were able to see the monster_____ because the lake was_________. B. clearly; calmly C. clearly; calm 6.The wild flowers look like a soft orange blanket _________ the desert. A. covering B. covered C. covered D. to cover 7.The dusty air makes it _________ to get a clear picture of space. A. hardly B. unlikely C. possible D. difficulty D. is unlike to

Module 6 Unexplained Mysteries of the Natural world 第五、 六课时 (Grammar) 班级_______ 姓名___________ 座号_______ 评价________
学习目标:掌握情态动词对过去表推测的结构形式和用法 学习重点难点:“情态动词 + have + 过去分词”的用法 学习策略指导:让学生自主学习,小组合作探究解决当堂所学主要内容中存在的问题 Step1.<回顾知识>:

1、情态动词有五类:
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① 只做情态动词:must,can(could),may(might),,ought to ② 可做情态动词又可做实义动词:need,dare ③ 可做情态动词又可做助动词:shall(should),will(would) ④ 具有情态动词特征:have(had,has) to,used to ⑤ 情态动词表猜测(这个稍后进行重点讲解。) 2、 情态动词有一定的词义, 但并不完整, 必须与动词原形一起构成谓语。 I can see you. Come here. 我能看见你,过来吧。 He must have been away. 他一定走了。 What can I do for you? 我能帮你吗? How dare you treat us like that! 你怎能那样对待我们!
初步上路: 1、 John ___________ his father about his failure in the exam. A. dares not tell C. dare not tell A. will B. shall B. dares not telling D. dares not to tell C. may D. ought

2、As a soldier, you __________ do as the head tells you. 3、----Excuse me. Is this the right way to the post office? ----Sorry, I am not sure. But it ___________ be. A. will A. won’t; can’t C. shouldn’t; must B. might C. must B. mustn’t; may D. can’t; shouldn’t D. can 4、Johnny, you ___________ play with the knife, you ___________ hurt yourself.

5、----Who is the man over there? Is he our headmaster? ----It __________ be him. He has just gone to Shanghai. A. might not B. can’t C. isn’t D. shouldn’t 6、----I need a dictionary at present time. ----Jack_________. He bought a new dictionary last week. A. may lend you one
C. may lend this

B. might lend one
D. might be lending you

Step2.“情态动词 + have + 过去分词”的用法: <自主学习下列语法内容,标出你认为的重点和疑难部分>

一、must + have + 过去分词 表示对过去发生的事情的肯定性推测,常用于肯定句中,意思为“一定 是……,肯定是……”。如: She hasn’t come yet. She must have missed her train. 她还没有来。她一定是没赶上火车。 二、can/ could + have +过去分词
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1、表示对过去发生的事情的可能性推测,常用于否定句或疑问句中。如: He can’t have been there. 她不可能去过那里。 The money has disappeared! Who could have taken it? 钱不见了,是谁拿了呢? 2、表示“本来可以,差点就……”,常用于肯定句中。如: I could have lent you the money.Why didn’t you ask me? 我本来可以借这笔钱给你的,你怎么没向我借? I could have died laughing. 我差点笑死了。 三、may/might + have +过去分词 表示对过去发生的事情的可能性推测,常用于肯定句中,意为“也许已 经……,可能已经……”。用 might 语气更为委婉或实现的可能性更小。如: It’s five o’clock now. She might have got home. 现在五点了,她或许已经到家了。 有时也可以表示轻微的埋怨或批评。如: They might at least have phoned if they’re not coming. 要是他们不来了,至少可以打个电话来嘛。 四、ought to/should + have + 过去分词 肯定式表示“本该做某事而未做”;否定式表示“不该做却做了”,常含有责 备的意味。如: You ought to have told me about it earlier. 你应该早点把这件事情告诉我。 You ought not to have taken away my dictionary without asking me. 你不该不问一下就把我的字典拿走了。 It’s already nine o’clock. You should have been here an hour ago. 已经 9 点了,你一小时以前就应该到这儿的。 They asy the movie was very good. We shouldn’t have missed it. 他们说那部电影很不错,我们本不该错过的。 五、needn’t + have + 过去分词 表示过去不必做但实际上已经做了的事。如: The play didn’t begin until 8 p.m. We needn’t have hurried. 话剧晚上 8 点钟才开始。我们本来用不着那么匆匆忙忙的。
Step 3.小露锋芒 1、They __________ the plane, or perhaps they have been prevented from coming for some reasons. A. can have lost B. may have lost
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C. can have missed A. should B. can C. will

D. may have missed D. might

2、Sorry,I am late. I __________ have turned off the alarm clock and gone back to sleep again. 3、You ___________ all those clothes! We have a washing machine to do that sort of thing. A. needn't have washed C. must not have washed A. should study C. must have studied A. can't have been C. mustn't have been A) should get up C) need to get up A) needn't have eaten C) mustn't have eaten with him. A) might have asked C) must have asked B) should asked D) should have asked B.shouldn't have washed D.can not have washed B. should have studied D. must have to study B. shouldn't have been D. wouldn't have been B) must get up D) should have got up B) shouldn't have eaten D) couldn't have eaten

4、 John's score on the test is the highest in the class; he_________ last night.

5、 The room is in a terrible mess; it ___________ cleaned.

6、 Eve was late for class again. She ___________ earlier.

7、I am feeling sick. I ___________ so much chocolate.

8、Walking alone in the deserted village, John was scared. He thought he _________ Tom to go

Reading: Food and Health As we know, good health is more important than wealth. Food gives us energy, so we must have enough food to keep healthy. Of course, we must also have the right kinds of food. We should eat more fruit and vegetables and less meat. A glass of milk and an egg a day can help make us strong. Different foods help us in different ways. But if we eat too little or too much, or if we choose the wrong food, we may become sick. It’s necessary to have eating habits.

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默写词汇:
一、

monster creature
二、

attack grey

footprint claw

hairy exist

frightening sharp

nail claim
三、

journal surface

sighting horn

seal dive

mysterious calm

sceptical disappear
四、

unlikely extinct

volcanic evolve

cover die out

adapt throw light on

come straight to the point generous


fierce emperor

destruction robe reputation

unpredictable

border

positive

indicate

due to

myth

fortune

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