# 【状元之路】2015-2016高中英语 Unit 4 Astronomy the science of the stars单元综合测评 新人教版必修3

Unit 4

Astronomy: the science of the stars
(时间：90 分钟 满分：110 分)

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D 答案与解析： B 推理判断题。通读全文可知 Andromeda 是一个星座，像太阳系； Upsilon Andromeda 是一颗恒星，像太阳；three planets 是它的三个卫星，因此可推出 B 项正确。 2．According to Debra Fischer，in the new solar system, ________. A．the farther a planet is from the star, the longer it takes to go around the star B．the larger a planet is，the shorter it takes to go around the star C．it takes all the planets around three and a half to four years to go around the star D．the planets move around the star at the same(均匀) speed 答案与解析：A 推理判断题。根据天文常识及本文所述，任何行星的卫星的运转周期不可能是 一致的，越是远离行星，一般运转周期越长。 3．What led to Marcy's discovery of the planets? A．That he found a dog owner was pulled by his dog. B．The tremble of Upsilon Andromeda. C．That any planet has gravity. D．That he believes any star has its planets. 答案与解析：B 细节理解题。由倒数第二段可知。 4．We can infer that the scientists are ________. A．to find out whether the planets can support life B．to find means to communicate with the living beings on the planets C．to find means to travel to the planets D．soon to be able to answer the question of whether there is life on these planets 答案与解析：A 推理判断题。其他几项提到的不是本文重点或没提及。 B The earth is the only planet that scientists think has life. Why does the earth have life while the other planets ( 行星) don't? For one thing, the earth is just the right temperature. As the_third_planet from the sun, the earth seems to be just the right distance away. The planets which are closer to the sun are hot that their surfaces bake (烘烤) in the sun. The farthest planets are cold balls. When the earth developed — which scientists believe may have happened about 4 billion years ago — many gases covered the earth. The gases caused the earth to be hot. But something
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wonderful happened. The temperature was just right for thick clouds to form. It rained very hard for a very long time. This gave the earth its oceans. Water made it possible for plants to grow. The plants created oxygen in the atmosphere. Oxygen is the gas that humans and animals breathe. Only one other planet in the solar system seems to be something like the earth. That planet is Mars (火星). Mars is smaller than the earth, and it is quite a bit cooler. But it is not too cold for humans. On some days, the temperatures are as low as a winter day in the northern United States. If you wore a special space suit, you could walk around on Mars. You would have to bring your own air to breathe, the air on Mars is too thin to breathe. Mars has the largest volcano (火山) in the solar system. It is sixteen miles high. The highest volcano on the earth is five miles high. The most unexpected (未预测到的) sight on Mars is dried up river beds. Scientists believe that Mars was once much better than it is now. Does this mean there could have been living things on Mars? Scientists are not sure, but there has been no sign so far. 5．Which of the following is NOT the reason that the earth has life? A. The earth is just the right temperature. B. The volcanos on earth are lower than those on Mars. C. There is oxygen in the atmosphere of the earth. D. The earth seems to be just the right distance away from the sun. 答案与解析：B 细节理解题。文中提到地球是可证实的唯一有生命存在的太阳系行星，其原因 包括地球合适的温度、距太阳距离适中和大气里含有氧气等。B 项火山与此无关。 6 ． The underlined phrase “the third planet” in the first paragraph ________. A. the Sun C. the Earth B. the Moon D. the Mars refers to

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have compiled some of the popular ways by which time travel is made possible in fiction books： ●Through the wormhole( 虫 孔 )— It is a shortcut between points in space － time. According to Einstein, an object can pass through this if it can travel at the speed of light with infinite mass. An example of a wormhole is described in Riddle of the Red Bible. ●Through a black hole — A black hole is a vacuum in space where light cannot even escape or pass through. In some sci－fi movies, like Star Trek, black holes become the means to travel through time. ●Through time machines — In fiction, time machines are complex vehicles that can travel faster than light. A time machine can be a strange vehicle like TARDIS in Doctor

Who or a specially modified car like the one used in Back to the Future.
●Through a parallel(平行的) universe — Another popular way to travel through time is to be able to slip or slide into a parallel universe where one can go back to a point in time and see a different reality. Though we know time travel may not be possible, it is still an entertaining subject and a heated topic for most of us. 语篇解读 本文作者在文中介绍了科幻小说里讲述时间旅行的几种方式。 8．The underlined word “enthralled” in the first paragraph can be replaced “________”． A．thrilled C．shocked B．confused D．upset by

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parents. Greet the

children warmly and let them know you are glad to see them. Children learn a lot from the

space. Her school had an unused __26__， and Katie thought it was the perfect spot. The school liked the garden idea, and all the students were __27__ to help. But Katie didn't __28__ there. She worked with local __29__who gave her plots (小块土地) of land for additional (额外的) gardens. Katie hoped to grow all kinds of crops, __30__ she didn't know how. She asked for help from an expert gardener. Together, they __31__ the types of vegetables that grow best in the area. A seed company then gave them all the plants. Katie's __32__ grew even bigger than her cabbage. Her group, Katie's Krops, now has seven gardens. All the land __33__ that they can grow a lot of food for the needy. Encouraged by Katie, lots of kids and adults __34__ to plant and water. Katie's Krops has __35__ soup kitchens over 5,000 pounds of vegetables so far. 16．A. studied C. planted 17．A. though C. until 18．A. fresh C. sweet 19．A. build C. leave 20．A. sent C. told 21．A. houses C. clothes 22．A. kindness C. protection 23．A. recognize C. feed 24．A. silence C. trust 25．A. forgot C. doubted 26．A. desk C. field 27．A. excited C. brave 28．A. stop C. live 29．A. students B. cut D. washed B. if D. because B. hard D. big B. accept D. find B. returned D. lent B. jobs D. meals B. happiness D. question B. hire D. save B. luck D. satisfaction B. promised D. decided B. room D. book B. hurry D. possible B. lie D. help B. farmers
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C. teachers 30．A. so C. for 31．A. cooked C. hid 32．A. trouble C. picture 33．A. means C. feels 34．A. hate C. refuse 35．A. sold C. shown 答案与解析：

D. workers B. or D. but B. chose D. changed B. idea D. mistake B. hopes D. advises B. happen D. volunteer B. bought D. given

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Krops，所以 Katie 用蔬菜救助人们的“想法(idea)”变得更大了。 33．A 所有这些土地“意味着(means)”他们能为生活贫困的人提供更多食物。 34．D 受 Katie 的鼓励，很多小孩和成人都“自愿(volunteer)”来干活。 35．D 由上文可知 Katie 送给施食处蔬菜。所以在此用 given。 第二节 语法填空(共 10 小题；每小题 1.5 分，满分 15 分) 阅读下面材料，在空白处填入适当的内容(1 个单词)或括号内单词的正确形式。 Once a man was walking along a beach. The sun was shining and it was a beautiful day. In the distance he could see a person 36.________(go) back and forth between the surf's edge 37.________ the beach. As the man approached, he could see there were hundred of starfish stranded(搁浅的) on the sand as the result of the natural 38.________(behave) of the tide. The man 39.________(stick) by the apparent uselessness of the task. There were far too many starfish. Many of them were sure to die. 40.________ he approached, the person continued the task of picking up the starfish one by one and throwing them into the ocean. As he came up to the person, he said, “You must be crazy. There are 41.________(thousand) of miles of beach 42.________(cover) with starfish. You can't 43.________(possible) make a difference.” The person looked at the man. He then bent down and picked up one 44.________(many) starfish and threw it back into the ocean. He turned back to the man and said, “It surely made a difference 45.________ that one！” 答 案 ： 36.going 37.and 38.behavior 39.was stuck 40.As/When 41.thousands 42.covered 43.possibly 44.more 45.to 第三部分 写作(共两节，满分 35 分) 第一节 短文改错(每小题 1 分，满分 10 分) 英语课上，老师要求同桌同学相互修改作文。假设以下短文为你同桌所写，请你对其进行修改。 文中共有 10 处错误，每句中最多有两处。错误涉及一个单词的增加、删除或修改。 增加：在缺词处加一个漏词符号(∧)，并在此符号下面写出该加的词。 删除：把多余的词用斜线(\)划掉。 修改：在错的词下画一横线，并在该词下面写出修改后的词。 注意：1.每处错误及其修改均仅限一词。 2．只允许修改 10 处，多者(从第 11 处起)不计分。 3．必须按答题要求做题，否则不给分。 My mother died months before and my father was often out on the business, so I felt very lonely. I missed my old life then my mother was still alive and we were happy. Laura was my best friends and cared about me very much. One Friday when I thought I will have to spend the weekend alone, I couldn't help cry. She sat with me, not saying something while I cried until I felt calmly. From that day on she often encouraged me face my life bravely. Gradually I began to consider the reality calmly. Under her help I was able to deal with my feelings better. 答案：
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3．开头和结尾已经写出，不计入总词数。 Dear Mr. Smith， I am writing to request the valuable chance to be one of the homestay families for the American __________________________________________ Yours sincerely， Li Hua 范文： Dear_Mr._Smith， I_am_writing_to_request_the_valuable_chance_to_be_one_of_the_homestay_families_for _the_American_students. As an active girl in senior one, Guangming School, I'm quite good at English. My parents, who are kind and friendly, are for my idea that I host an American student. We have a clean and comfortable house, which lies in a beautiful area of the city. Luckily, we have extra rooms for guests. My mother cooks well so the student will be able to enjoy delicious Chinese food. What's more, my father is an excellent driver and we will show the foreign student around some local places of interest in our area. I'd greatly appreciate it if I could have the chance to make friends with her/him. I'm looking forward to your reply. Yours_sincerely， Li_Hua students._________________________________ ______________________________________________________________________________________

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