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2015-2016 江苏海门中学高一英语期中试卷
第一节 单项填空 (共 15 小题;每小题 1 分,满分 15 分) 1. Which underlined letter(s) may have the same pronunciation as dynasty? A. garbage B. freedom C. anyhow D. chemical 2. How do you pronounce the word “composition”? A. [?k?mp??z??n] B. [?k?mp??s??n] C. [?k?mp??z??n] D. [?k?mp??s??n] 3. Which is the right spelling of [' k?n?v?ns]? A. kevinc B. cenvince C. convinc D. convince 4. —The guy standing at the bar is so handsome. Any idea who he is? —He is the guy I ________ you about. A. was telling B. had told C. would tell D. am telling 5. If a man is only interested in your looks, ________ just shows how shallow(肤浅的) he is. A. as B. which C. what D. that 6. ______ he was a child, Bill has been dreaming of deep sea diving to see the wonderful world under the sea. A. Until B. Though C. Since D. Unless 7. There are about 2,000 hunting farms across America _____ owners allow hunters to kill animals kept in fenced areas, says an animal protection organization. A. what B. which C. that D. whose 8. China has changed its one-child policy by approving ________ a second child only if they want to. A. couples have B. couples of having C. of couples having D. couples to have 9. The president’s speech _________ very well, and everyone present understood his opinions. A. figured out B. found out C. worked out D. put out 10. When a strange man asked me about ______ way to the Smiths’, I felt very confused because we don’t have _____ Smiths here in the village. A. a;不填 B. the;a C. a;the D. the;不填 11.There were around 50 students in our class then, _____ a boy from a faraway mountain village worked hardest. A. when B. of whom C. where D. in which 12. The girls reach an island separated from the outside world, which is seldom, ________, visited by ships. A. if any B. if ever C. if possible D. if so 13. Being overweight is an important public health problem in many countries and carries with ______ serious heart and blood diseases. A. them B. those C. one D. it 14. The way ______ he explained to us was not difficult to understand. A. with which B. which C. in which D. to which 15. —You can’t believe it. The game between the Los Angeles Lakers and the Houston Rocket was very exciting. — Come on. ________.

A. It’s a piece of cake B.Don’t be a wet blanket C. Don’t pull my leg. D. I’m all ears. 第二节 完形填空(共 20 小题;每小题 1 分,满分 20 分) 请认真阅读下面短文,从短文后各题所给的 A、B、C、D 四个选项中,选出最佳选项, 并在答题卡上将该项涂黑。 Lately whenever I drive home from work, there’s been a young girl carrying a sign for a pizza place saying, “Honk (鸣笛) if you like us!” I can 16 the courage it takes for her, as a young girl, to walk up and down the 17 every day during the rush hour as dozens of cars run 18 her. 19 I never hear anyone honk. So, the other day I 20 . And each day since, I’ve looked for her and 21 she’s out, I honk. And you know what? The smile spreading out on her face is wonderful to see. It makes my 22 when something so small makes such a big difference to someone else. Why is something so 23 as honking the horn so important? It’s a connection. I’m making a connection with someone else and saying, “Hey, I see you there. You are not 24 .” Just imagine walking that sidewalk every day with a sign hanging around your neck 25 people to notice you, and no one does. How do you 26 ? Yet, many of us do this in our own lives. We walk through our days just 27 someone will reach out to and connect with us. We wish someone would notice the desire in our 28 when we talk about something exciting and ask us to tell them more. 29 waiting for someone to connect with you, why not reach out yourself? Start the ball 30 . Be brave and hold the 31 open for someone else. Smile. Have a conversation while you’re waiting in line. Share a(n) 32 . Even putting yourself out there and telling people what’s going on in your life and what you’re feeling will encourage others to do the same. If you have the 33 to reach out to someone else, not only will they feel 34 , but you’ll feel great too. People will start to realize they don’t need to walk through life on their own. My 35 : ask someone out for a slice of pizza and leave your phone at home. 16. A. gather B. prove C. provide D. imagine 17. A. garden B. bridge C. sidewalk D. riverbank 18. A. behind B. by C. into D. over 19. A. Unfortunately B. Strangely C. Similarly D. Finally 20. A. waited B. agreed C. did D. finished 21. A. if B. because C. since D. until 22. A. rule B. day C. way D. mistake 23. A. difficult B. enjoyable C. simple D. meaningful 24. A. brave B. surprised C. alone D. normal 25. A. permitting B. begging C. forcing D. persuading 26. A. concentrate B. recover C. suffer D. feel 27. A. guessing B. hoping C. explaining D. announcing 28. A. career B. memory C. mind D. voice 29. A. Thanks to B. Without C. Instead of D. Through 30. A. working B. rolling C. improving D. falling 31. A. channel B. door C. market D. price 32. A. mistake B. argument C. laugh D. event 33. A. courage B. ability C. time D. confidence

34. A. prepared B. covered C. noticed D. guided 35. A. advantage B. business C. freedom D. suggestion 第二部分 阅读理解(共 15 小题;每小题 2 分,满分 30 分) A BRAIN BOOST:ACADEMIC PREPARATION Joan Flora Are you worried about your brain becoming lazy during the summer? Make your brain active through questioning, inquiring and thinking. Explore the Socratic difference between debate and discussion. Devote yourself to small group discussions, self-examination and academic writing. This class will help lay a valuable foundation for your high school academics. July 6-10·9:00-12:00 Grades 7-9·Cost: $110 BUSINESS ENTREPRENEUR CAMP Katy Hadad-Dyler Learn the necessary elements (基本原则) of starting and operating a business! Learn to analyze (分析) a business opportunity and the probability of an idea through research, develop a unique product or service, identify the competition, develop a marketing plan, and finally, work out the total money required for a start-up. In addition, various field trips and guest speakers will give you a chance to explore and identify the nature of entrepreneurship (企业家精神). BUSINESS:ONLINE BUSINESS FUNDAMENTALS Katy Hadad-Dyley Gain an understanding of the various elements of starting an online business. You will learn to analyze business ideas, research the competition, create a product or service, and market it online. You will conduct surveys on the difference between a great website and a non-very-good website, and guest speakers will put forward some useful ideas about the online business entrepreneurship. July 20-24·9:00-12:00 Grades 6-9·Cost: $195 COLLEGE ESSAY: TELL YOUR STORY Robin Schauffler Increase your writing power! Learn and practice methods for more successful nonfiction pieces and stronger college essays. Build the skills you need in vivid, effective personal writing. Learn step by step: sentences, paragraphs and the big picture. Study the works by great nonfiction writers. Leave the class with a college essay draft that you can use in the application process. Session A: July 6-10·12:00-3:00 Session B: July 13-17·9:00-12:00 Grades 12·Cost: $210 36. If you wish to sell products on the Internet you should choose _______. A. TELL YOUR STORY B. ACADEMIC PREPARATION C. ONLINE BUSINESS FUNDAMENTALS D. BUSINESS ENTREPRENEUR CAMP 37. What can you learn at BUSINESS ENTREPRENEUR CAMP? A. How much is needed to invite the guest speakers. B. How to attract more customers.

C. How to produce a unique product. D. How to get your business ideas researched. 38. If you attend TELL YOUR STORY, _______. A. you can make big progress in writing C. you will get a college degree

B. you can become a famous writer D. you will study great works step by step

B In an age in which everyone wants to be fit and beautiful, it might come as a surprise that new research shows that exercise is in fact what is stopping us losing weight. The survey conducted by the Weight-loss and Health Institute (WHI) asked over 1,000 Australians whether their exercise and weight-loss methods were effective. More than half of them admitted that while they exercised, they couldn’t reach their weight-loss goals. The biggest reason the WHI found that was leading to the failure in weight loss was the direct link between strenuous (剧烈的) exercise and the need to “reward” or “treat” yourself after your workout. Results also show that those who exercise only to lose weight will pay no attention to their diet, with 53 percent admitting they actually eat more after exercising and 41 percent rewarding themselves with sugary treats after. Geoff Jowett, an Australian weight-loss coach, says this is one of the most common reasons why exercise is leading to weight gain. “What happens is they do exercise and then eat a piece of cake, which means they can become fit and fat at the same time,” he added. A study recently conducted by Arizona State University also found similar results when they studied the effects of strenuous exercise on overweight women. The researchers asked 81 women who always sat for a long time in their work to attend a 12-week exercise program. They were also asked not to change their diet. The end result found that while they were fitter after twelve weeks, they also were fatter. There was no noticeable weight loss among the group and almost 70 percent of the women had piled on some fat during the program. Jowett says the important thing we should notice is that fitness and weight loss are two ball games. He believes it’s a 80/20 ratio with 80 percent being about what we eat and 20 percent exercise. So what can be regarded as strenuous exercise? “A walk is good because you can still talk, but if you’re doing exercise like running, cycling and swimming, it won’t be good for weight loss,” Jowett added. Jowett also notes that the exercise on the TV show The Biggest Loser is not suitable for people who are obviously overweight because it may cause injury, and workouts like running are too strenuous for the body and lead to hunger which results in sugar need and weight gain. The solution Jowett believes is to separate fitness and weight loss. Deal with the weight problem first by eating healthily and then take 10,000 steps a day. As for whether exercise is necessary at all, Jowett says if it’s to drop kilos, forget about it. 39. The underlined phrase “piled on” in Para.4. means “_______”. A. used B. given C. lost D. gained 40. Which of the following exercise is suitable for overweight people? A. Running. B. Cycling. C. Walking. D. Swimming. 41. What can we infer from the passage? A. The exercise on The Biggest Loser is strenuous. B. All people tend to eat sugary snacks after working out. C. Taking strenuous exercise is harmful to your health.

D. Exercise plays a more important role in weight loss than diet. 42. What is the best title for the passage? A. Lose weight to keep fit. B. How to achieve weight loss. C. Exercise may cause weight gain. D. How to adopt a healthy lifestyle. C Everyone should try to join an organization on campus, but the question is whether to join a club or a sorority/fraternity. Many people think that they are not the type of person who would join a sorority or fraternity. In my point of view, I think that the best choice is to simply check out all of the offered organizations on campus to see which one best fits your interest. Clubs offer different kinds of choices from social club, to ethnic clubs, to dance teams, and much more. Though clubs do not work as sororities and fraternities do, clubs do offer many other fun and satisfying happy events and activities. As for sororities and fraternities, there are different types that you might want to take note of. Sororities are for girls only while fraternities are for guys only. However, there are some fraternities for both boys and girls, which specialize in business, medicine, law, community service and the like. The rest of the sororities and fraternities that do not have a specific title are usually social organizations. Though they are social, they do pay attention to other things as well. Another important thing to take note of is that some of these organizations are Asian-interest organizations while others do not include students from Asian countries. Something else to keep in mind is that anyone can join a club. All you need to do is sign up at their table or show up at one of their meetings. However, it is not so easy to become a member of a sorority or fraternity. Sororities and fraternities require you to take part during their rush week(s) and “rush” for them, which means you need to devote yourself to their events and learn more about the organization. You have to go through different tests before you can become a real member of the organization. Each sorority or fraternity has different ways of accepting their new members. Joining an organization on campus may seem a bit stressful and confusing. The best thing to do is just relax, go out and explore your choices. Be open-minded and try something new. It might mean the difference between having a common college experience and having some of the best years of your life! 43.Which of the following is TRUE according to the author? A. Asian students aren’t allowed to join organizations. B. Students should do research on an organization before joining it. C. Clubs are not very suitable for students to join. D. Every sorority or fraternity has a specific title. 44. According to Para.3, sororities are mainly meant for _______. A. boys in the college B. both boys and girls in the college C. girls in the college D. students from Asian countries 45. If a college student wants to join a fraternity, he/she needs to _______. A. sign up at their table B. try out for and be devoted to the organization C. rush to show up at one of their meetings D. achieve high grades in the college 46. Which of the following can best tell the relationship between the paragraphs? A. ①-②-③-④-⑤ B. ①②-③④-⑤ C. ①-②③④-⑤ D. ①②-③-④⑤ D

Dear Girls, You’re so young right now, but I hope this letter will be helpful to you one day when you’re older. There is so much I wish I could ask my mother about although now I am a grown woman. There is so much we never got to talk about. I’m planning on standing by forever, but even so, I think these letters will be useful in some way. Who knows how things will change down the road, and at least you’ll have your 34-year-old mother ’s thoughts written down on paper. Anyway, I want this letter to be about beauty and my relationship with it. I feel it is my responsibility, as a mother of two little girls, to lead you down a path that is relatively healthy when it comes to beauty and self-image. In a lot of women’s eyes, I’ve probably already failed in this aspect due to a lot of pink Barbie dolls in Vera’s room right now. But I will say this about Barbie dolls: I played with Barbie dolls for many years when I was growing up and here I have a healthy body and a positive image. I have a Master ’s degree, a successful career and a published book. If Barbie dolls were really so damaging to my femininity (女 人气质) and self-image, I highly doubt I could list all of these achievements. It’s hard for women to maintain a healthy self-image. It’s hard not to worry about our weight and not to wish we could afford more stylish clothes. It’s hard not to want someone else’s hair or eyelashes. I have girlfriends around whom I have to make myself ready to be seen, because even though I love them, just being around them makes me self-conscious(忸怩的). I look at old pictures of my mother and wonder why I’ve never been able to be as skinny as she was. And then I have friends who are thinner than their mothers ever were. We women go round and round in circles, holding hands and trying to be one another sometimes. Men like to think we dress and style ourselves for them, but why would we when they hardly notice? I’ve never tried so hard to look good when I know I’m about to meet up with a stylish girlfriend. It’s she who will notice my slim waist or the little bracelet on my arm. And I have no doubt that two of you, Veronica and Juliette, will endlessly compare yourselves to each other. You will wonder why one of you has longer legs or shinier hair or thicker eyelashes. I know this, not because I know sisters, but because I know women. The thing I’ll tell you, or the thing to remember, is this: not even the prettiest of us feel settled. The girl you think looks the most perfect in all the world is probably the girls who wants to change herself more than anyone else. Don’t let that message carry any weight within yourselves. You are not worthless. You are so full of love and light and you should let it shine through your every second. If someone pushes you down for standing tall, then just push yourself back up and stand even taller, and know that the reason why they pushed you down in the first place is just that they’re scared. I want to tell you that I have never in my life felt more beautiful than when I have stood my tallest. Stand tall. Love, Mom 47. What does the mother think about Barbie dolls? A. They didn’t have a bad effect on her success. B. They caused damage to her female image. C. They enabled her to have a successful life. D. They prevented her career development. 48. According to the passage, what might make Mom self-conscious?

A. The failure in maintaining a healthy self-imagine. B. The envy for her female friends. C. The fondness for female groups. D. The habit of making comparisons. 49. What does the underlined sentence in Paragraph 6 mean? A. Men tend to be self-centered B. Women don’t live to please men C. Men are usually hard to please D. Women care too much about men 50. The mother wrote this letter to _______. A. tell her daughters what is real beauty B. encourage her daughters to stand tall C. share with her daughters all her experience D. encourage her daughters to follow her example 第三部分:任务型阅读 (共 10 小题;每小题 l 分,满分 l0 分) 请认真阅读下列短文,并根据所读内容在文章后表格中的空格里填入一个最恰当的单词 (注意:每个空格只填 1 个单词。请将答案写在答题卡上相应题号的横线上) 。 Kids who are old enough to surf the Internet can get to know the world. But it can also bring problems. For example, some of the websites are not proper for kids, which can lead to kid’s growth problems. That’s why it’s important to know what your kids see and hear on the Internet. When it comes to safety problems, it’s wise to take advantage of online protection tools. They will control your kids’ seeing and using adult material. Many Internet service-providers (ISPs) provide parent-control choices to prevent certain material from coming into a computer. You can also get software (软件) that keeps your child from certain sites based on a “bad site” list that your ISP creates. Besides, keep the computer in a common area, not in their own bedrooms, where you can keep a close eye on their activities. Discuss the dangers of talking with strangers online and remind your kids that people online don’t always tell the truth. Tell your kids never to give strangers their personal information, such as the address, phone number, school name or location. Tell them never to exchange photos with strangers in the chat rooms online, which will put the families at risk. Tell them never to agree to meet anyone from a chat room in person. Tell them never to reply to a dangerous email, message, post or text. Give your kids some encouragement to let them tell you about any communication or conversation that is dangerous. Nothing can make sure that they’ll be kept away from 100% of the risks on the Internet. So it’s important for you to spend time online together to teach your kids proper online behavior and educate them about online risks so they can surf the Internet safely. Taking an active part in your kids’ Internet activities will help ensure that they benefit from the wealth of valuable information it offers. If your child spend long hours online, especially at night, with people you don’t know, you should take notice of your kids behavior. If your child suddenly turns off the computer when you walk into the room, ask why. Unwillingness to discuss online activities is another sign to watch for.

Internet safety A reason for Internet safety Some improper websites can (51) ______ children’s growth problems.

? ? Ways to help kids ? ? ? ? Kids’ (58) ______ you should watch for

You can (52) ______ on some online protection tools to prevent bad adult material. You can (53) ______ your children’s activities by putting the computer in a public place at home. Have a (54) ______ with your kids about the dangers of talking with strangers online. Set (55) ______ for your kids to follow while they’re surfing the Internet. (56)______ your kids to share dangerous online conversation with you. (57)______ your children how to surf the Internet by spending time online together with them. Your kids chat with (59) ______ for long hours online at night. Your kids turn off the computer when you walk into the room. Your kids are (60) ______ to discuss online activities with you.

? ? ?

第四部分 单词拼写(共 5 小题,每小题 1 分,满分 5 分) 请认真阅读下面各小题,并根据音标、中文或首字母提示,在每小题的横线上写出一个 单词,使句子语义完整,语法正确。 61. This year, as is reported, will ________ /?w?tn?s/ a recode-high of nearly 8.5 million graduates entering the national job market. 62. With so many troubles _______(使不高兴) him, he is having a hard time and almost breaks down. 63. Cheer up! No one is always a(n) f_______. Work hard and you will succeed sooner or later. 64. He smiled with ________(满意) when he looked at the sculpture created all by himself. 65. Without the teacher’s help, the task would have been more c_______ for us. 第五部分 中、英文互译(共 4 小题,每小题 5 分,满分 20 分) 请将下列中文句子翻译成英语,并将各句英语句子翻译成中文。 66. Diets are useless in the long term, yet approximately 20% of teenagers say they have tried this way and skipping meals to control their weight. 67. 他一回到家就迫不及待地尝了他妈妈为他准备的甜点。 ( on )

68. 一些明星们喜欢节食来保持苗条身材,许多大学生也是如此。( so ) 69.据报道,在过去的两个月里,这个老师致力于培养高一学生学习英语的兴趣。 ( be reported to )

参考答案: 一、英语知识运用 (一) 单项选择: 1-15 BCDAD CDCCB BBDBD

(二) 完形填空:16-35 二、阅读理解: 三、任务型阅读 51. cause 55. rules 59. strangers 四、单词拼写 61. witness 62. upsetting 五、中英互译 36-50





52. depend/rely/count 56. Encourage 60. unwilling 57. Teach

53. watch 58. behavior

54. discussion




66. 从长远角度来看,节食并不能奏效,然而有大约 20%的青少年声称,他们曾尝 试过这种办法或者有时不吃饭,以控制自己的体重。 67. On arriving home, he can’t wait to taste the desserts which / that his mother prepared for him. (…couldn’t …had prepared) 68. Some stars like going on a diet to keep slim figures, and so do many college/university students. 69. The teacher is reported to have devoted himself to developing the senior high one students’ interest in learning English in the past/last two months.



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