1.be/feel in the mood for sth.
What’s wrong with you? It seems that you don’t feel in the m
ood for a dinner.
Do you feel in the mood for a walk with me?
be/feel in the mood to do sth.
I’m sorry.I’m not /I don’t feel in the mood to dance with you.
2.be set in 以..为背景
The story is set in a mountain village before liberation.
set aside 保留；储蓄
set down 放下，写下，记下
set off 动身；出发；引爆
set out 出发
set out to do 着手做。。。
set up 竖起（柱子等）建立（组织，单位）
set about doing …开始着手做。。
I _____to deal with the difficult problem.
A.set about B. set up
C.set in D.set out
3.resemble vt. 相似，类似
They resemble each other in shape.
Her voice resembles her mother?ˉ
resemblance n. 相似，相似之处
He has a strong resemblance to his father.
1) warn sb. of/about sth.
She warned me about the dangerous road,so I crossed it carefully.
2）warn sb. against sb./doing sth.让某人警惕，或提防某人/做某事
He warned us against pickpockets.
We warned them against skating on such thin ice.
3) warn sb. to do/not to do sth.提醒（告诫）某人做/不要做某事
He warned me to stay away from those people
They were warned not to climb the mountain in such bad weather.
The whistle warned visitors that the ship was ready to sail.
They warned her that if she did it again she would be sent to prison.
5.determine vt. 决定
Demand determines production.
We determined to do this at any cost.
They are determined to act out their ideal.
Have you determined where you are going to spend the holidays?
He determined that his son (should) have a good education.
determine to do(动作）/be determined to do（决心）
He determined to go abroad.
He was determined to go abroad.
He determined to do it for a lo
He was determined to do it for a long time.（v）
6. to start with 首先，第一，起初
To start with , I don’t have time ,and secondly I don’t have enough money.
=to begin with
To begin with, you should start in time.
start with 以….开始
to begin with 首先
end up with 以.. 结束
start off 出去，出发，动身
start out 出行，出发，动身
start up( 吃惊地）跳起来，使（发动机）发动
at the start 最初，起初
7.take up 拿起，带（某人）去，占（时间、地方）开始工作，产生兴趣
She took her bag up and left.
The piano takes up too much room.
Marks took up Russian in his fifties.
take after 长得象
take along 带（某人）去
take back 取回（物）归还
take down 拿下，降下，写下
take in 把带入，留。。住宿，吸收
take off 脱掉；动身，起飞
take on ，呈现
take over 继承，接收，接管
They have ________our firm by buying up shares.
A. taken along B. taken up
C. taken over D. taken on
The student make up an excuse for his being late.
Their father is good at making up bed time stories.
They make up one-third of the province’s population.
Make up sentences with the words given.
The girl made up her face carefully before going to meet James.
You are responsible for the money and you will have to make up the loss.
A light wind disturbed the surface of the pond.
The host was quite annoyed when he found out that his things on the bookshelves had been disturbed.
I have heard some bad news which had disturbed me very much.
The noise disturbed my sleep.
Please don’t disturb me while I ‘m working.
I’m sorry to disturb you with my question.
Adventure in Literature and the Cinema
1.look as if 看起来好像，似乎（此处，look为系动词，as if 引导的从句作表语）
as if /though “好像”主要用于表语从句和状语
从句中，从句和事实不一致时，谓语动词常用虚拟语气，表示与现在和将来情况相反时用过去式，表示与过去情况相反时，用过去完成时。但当前面有系动词look, seem, taste, smell, keep, sound等时，如果表示的可能性较大，于事实较一致时，谓语动词可用陈述句式。
He looks as if he were ill.
They talked as if they had been friends for years.
There are many black clouds in the sky. It looks as if it is going to rain.
2.He sounds as if he’s going to die of fright!
sound as if…听起来好像…
It sound as if he needs professional help.
It sounds as if you had a good time on your trip.
3.He arrived in New Orleans without a penny in his pocket only to find that there were no boats for South America.他已身无分文地到达了新奥尔良后，才发现那里没有去南美洲的轮船。
only + to do在句子中作状语，表示一个意外的，没有料想到的结果。不定式作结果状语通常和副词only或never连用，表示意想不到的结果。
I hurried to the station only to find that the train had left. 我匆忙赶到火车站却发现火车已经离开了。
Her father left home when she was 6, never to return. 她父亲在她6岁的时候就离开家了，再也没有回来过。
The news reporters hurried to the airport, only___the film stars had left.
A. to tell B. to be told C.telling D. told
4. But I persuaded him to help me , and we found the men’s boat tied to the other side of the steamboat.
1) persuade sb.+that 从句；
persuade sb. To do sth.;
persuade sb. into doing sth.
I persuaded him that it was true.
=I persuaded him of its truth.
I have persuaded him to give up the idea of dropping the experiment.
2)persuade 意为“劝说成功”。要表示“说而不服”时，可用其他的“劝说”，如advise等，或是在persuade 前加上try to 或want to 等。
I advised him to give up smoking, but in vain.
I tried to persuade him to give up smoking, but in vain.
I wanted to persuade him to give up smoking, but in vain.
I_______him to stay with us, but he thought this was not a good idea.
A persuaded B. let
C. had tried to persuade D. hoped
I’m sorry to disturb you with my question.
Kim poured some water into a glass.
Smoke was pouring out of the chimney.
People poured into the hall for the meeting.
Offers of help poured in from all over the country.
The rain poured down endlessly .
The committee was established in 1912.
The school has established a successful relationship with the local community.
copyright ©right 2010-2020。