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高中英语笔记






1.be/feel in the mood for sth.
有意做某事,有做某事的心情
What’s wrong with you? It seems that you don’t feel in the m

ood for a dinner.
怎么了?你似乎无心吃饭。
你有心情和我去散步吗?
Do you feel in the mood for a walk with me?
be/feel in the mood to do sth.
对不起,我没有心情和你跳舞。
I’m sorry.I’m not /I don’t feel in the mood to dance with you.
2.be set in 以..为背景
The story is set in a mountain village before liberation.
这则故事是以解放前的一个小山村为背景的。
set aside 保留;储蓄
set down 放下,写下,记下
set off 动身;出发;引爆
set out 出发
set out to do 着手做。。。
set up 竖起(柱子等)建立(组织,单位)
set about doing …开始着手做。。
I _____to deal with the difficult problem.
A.set about B. set up
C.set in D.set out
3.resemble vt. 相似,类似
They resemble each other in shape.
它们的形状相似
她的声音像她母亲的声音。
Her voice resembles her mother?ˉ
resemblance n. 相似,相似之处
He has a strong resemblance to his father.
他长得和他父亲一模一样。
4.Warn v.警告,告诫
1) warn sb. of/about sth.
提醒(告诫、警告)某人注意某事
She warned me about the dangerous road,so I crossed it carefully.
她提醒我这条马路很危险,因此我小心翼翼地穿过了马路。
2)warn sb. against sb./doing sth.让某人警惕,或提防某人/做某事
He warned us against pickpockets.
他告诉我们要小心扒手。


我们警告他们不要在那么薄的冰上溜冰。
We warned them against skating on such thin ice.
3) warn sb. to do/not to do sth.提醒(告诫)某人做/不要做某事
He warned me to stay away from those people
他警告我离那些人远点。
他们被告诫不要在这么坏的天气里攀登那座山。
They were warned not to climb the mountain in such bad weather.
5)warn+ that从句
The whistle warned visitors that the ship was ready to sail.
汽笛通知旅客船即将启航。
They warned her that if she did it again she would be sent to prison.
他们警告她说如果她再这么干就把她关进监狱。
5.determine vt. 决定
1)后跟名词或代词作宾语
Demand determines production.
需求决定生产。
2)后接不定式
We determined to do this at any cost.
我们决心不惜任何代价做这件事。
他么决心把自己的理想变成行动。
They are determined to act out their ideal.
3)+clause
Have you determined where you are going to spend the holidays?
你已经决定在何处度假了吗?
He determined that his son (should) have a good education.
他决定让他儿子接受良好的教育。
determine to do(动作)/be determined to do(决心)
He determined to go abroad.
他决定出国。
He was determined to go abroad.
他下了决心要出国。
He determined to do it for a lo



ng time(x)
He was determined to do it for a long time.(v)
6. to start with 首先,第一,起初
To start with , I don’t have time ,and secondly I don’t have enough money.
第一 ,没时间;第二,我没有足够的钱
=to begin with
To begin with, you should start in time.
首先,你应该及时开始。
start with 以….开始
begin with以….开始
to begin with 首先
end up with 以.. 结束
start off 出去,出发,动身
start out 出行,出发,动身
start up( 吃惊地)跳起来,使(发动机)发动
at the start 最初,起初
7.take up 拿起,带(某人)去,占(时间、地方)开始工作,产生兴趣
She took her bag up and left.
她拿起自己的包离开了。
The piano takes up too much room.
钢琴占去了很大的地方。
Marks took up Russian in his fifties.
马克思在50多岁时开始学习俄语。
take after 长得象
take along 带(某人)去
take away把东西)拿走,运走
take back 取回(物)归还
take down 拿下,降下,写下
take in 把带入,留。。住宿,吸收
take off 脱掉;动身,起飞
take on ,呈现
take over 继承,接收,接管
They have ________our firm by buying up shares.
A. taken along B. taken up
C. taken over D. taken on
8.make up
1).编造,虚构
The student make up an excuse for his being late.
那个学生为他的迟到编了一个借口。
他们的父亲很擅长睡觉前编些故事讲给他们听。
Their father is good at making up bed time stories.
2). 组成,形成
They make up one-third of the province’s population.
他们占全省人口的三分之一。
用所给的词造句。
Make up sentences with the words given.
3).化妆,打扮
The girl made up her face carefully before going to meet James.
这姑娘与詹姆斯会面前,精心打扮了一番。
4).补偿,弥补
You are responsible for the money and you will have to make up the loss.
这笔款由你负责,如有丢失,你得赔偿。
9.disturb
1) 使不安,打断破坏安宁的状态
A light wind disturbed the surface of the pond.
微风使池塘水面泛起涟漪。
The host was quite annoyed when he found out that his things on the bookshelves had been disturbed.
主人发现他书架上的东西被弄乱了,很生气。
2)使烦躁,使不安,
我听到一些坏消息,这使我很不安。
I have heard some bad news which had disturbed me very much.
3)妨碍;打断
噪音妨碍我睡觉。
The noise disturbed my sleep.
4)干涉,使不便
Please don’t disturb me while I ‘m working.
在我工作时,请不要打扰我。
I’m sorry to disturb you with my question.
对不起,打扰了,我有个问题要请教。
Adventure in Literature and the Cinema
1.look as if 看起来好像,似乎(此处,look为系动词,as if 引导的从句作表语)
as if /though “好像”主要用于表语从句和状语



从句中,从句和事实不一致时,谓语动词常用虚拟语气,表示与现在和将来情况相反时用过去式,表示与过去情况相反时,用过去完成时。但当前面有系动词look, seem, taste, smell, keep, sound等时,如果表示的可能性较大,于事实较一致时,谓语动词可用陈述句式。
He looks as if he were ill.
他看上去像生病了一样。(虚拟)
They talked as if they had been friends for years.
他们交谈着就好像多年的朋友一样。(虚拟)
There are many black clouds in the sky. It looks as if it is going to rain.
天空中有很多乌云,好像要下雨了。(真实)
2.He sounds as if he’s going to die of fright!
挺起来他就要吓死了。
sound as if…听起来好像…
It sound as if he needs professional help.
我听起来好像他需要一个专业的帮助。
It sounds as if you had a good time on your trip.
听起来好像你的旅行很愉快。
3.He arrived in New Orleans without a penny in his pocket only to find that there were no boats for South America.他已身无分文地到达了新奥尔良后,才发现那里没有去南美洲的轮船。
only + to do在句子中作状语,表示一个意外的,没有料想到的结果。不定式作结果状语通常和副词only或never连用,表示意想不到的结果。

I hurried to the station only to find that the train had left. 我匆忙赶到火车站却发现火车已经离开了。
Her father left home when she was 6, never to return. 她父亲在她6岁的时候就离开家了,再也没有回来过。
The news reporters hurried to the airport, only___the film stars had left.
A. to tell B. to be told C.telling D. told
4. But I persuaded him to help me , and we found the men’s boat tied to the other side of the steamboat.
但是我说服了他帮助我,并且我发现那两个人的船就拴在汽艇的另一边。
Persuade v.
1) persuade sb.+that 从句;
persuade sb. To do sth.;
persuade sb. into doing sth.
I persuaded him that it was true.
=I persuaded him of its truth.
我使他相信了这是真的。
I have persuaded him to give up the idea of dropping the experiment.
我已劝他打消了中断试验的想法。
2)persuade 意为“劝说成功”。要表示“说而不服”时,可用其他的“劝说”,如advise等,或是在persuade 前加上try to 或want to 等。
I advised him to give up smoking, but in vain.
I tried to persuade him to give up smoking, but in vain.
I wanted to persuade him to give up smoking, but in vain.
以上三句都译为:我劝他戒烟,但是徒劳。
I_______him to stay with us, but he thought this was not a good idea.
A persuaded B. let
C. had tried to persuade D. hoped

I’m sorry to disturb you with my question.
对不起,打扰了,我有个问题要请教。
10.pour
V.灌注(液体)
Kim poured some water into a glass.


(液



体,烟)倾泻,大量涌出
Smoke was pouring out of the chimney.
涌进,涌出
People poured into the hall for the meeting.
人们涌进大厅开会。
Offers of help poured in from all over the country.
全国上下纷纷伸出援助之手。



倾盆而下
The rain poured down endlessly .
倾盆大雨下个不停。
11.establish v.
The committee was established in 1912.
The school has established a successful relationship with the local community.
学校与当地社区建立了良好关系。


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