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高中英语外研版Module 1同步教案


盛阳教育 SHENG YANG EDUCATION

高中部●英语学科组

Module 1 British and American English
词汇全析
common a.普遍的,常见的;共同的,公共的 n. 共同点,共同之处 (反 uncommon ) e.g. 英国和美国使用同一种语言。 Britain an

d America share a common language. the common people 老百姓 common knowledge 常识 常见短语: ①have sth. in common 有共同之处 have nothing in common 没有共同之处 have a lot in common 有许多共同之处 have ( a ) little in common 几乎没有(有)共同之处 don’t have much in common 没有多少共同点 ②其他搭配 in common 公有的,共有的,共同的 in common with 和……一样 out of the common 异乎寻常,不平常 hold sth. in common 共同拥有某物 例题: (1)Generally speaking, the music of one country has quite a lot in ________ with her culture. A.use B.common C.order D.same

(2)Karen has ________ in common with her sister because they are twins. A.much 解析: (1) 一般来说, B. 一个国家的音乐和她的文化有许多共同之处。 have…in common 是固定短语, 意为 “与… 有共同之处” 。 (2)A.根据“她们”是双胞胎,所以她们有许多共同点。因此选 A 项。 linguist linguistics n. 语言学家 n. 语言学
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B.little

C.less

D.few

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高中部●英语学科组

obvious

a. 显然的,显而易见的

e.g. 很显然他错了。 It’s obvious that he is wrong. obviously queue 常见短语: ①queue on 排队 queue up for a bus 排队等公交车 queue jumper 插队的人 ②stand in a queue 排队等候 jump the queue 插队 confusing confuse a.令人困惑的;难懂的 vt.搞乱;弄错;迷惑 ad.明显地;显然(一般放在句首) vi.(英)排队(等候) n.长队;行列

confuse sb./sth. with sb./sth. 把……误作 e.g. 他们提了一大堆问题,把我都弄糊涂了。 They confused me by asking so many questions. confused a.迷惑的

e.g. 你把计划改来改去,我都糊涂了。 All your changes of plan have made me totally confused. confusion n.混乱;困惑

e.g. 他正困惑地凝视着这种奇怪的景象。 He is gazing in confusion at the strange sight. compare 常见短语: compare with 与……相比 compare to 把……比作 ① vt. 比较,比照;比喻,比作

e.g. 科学家们有时将人脑比作电脑。 Scientists sometimes compare the human brain to a computer. 与许多贫困地方的学生们相比,你们是幸运的。 Compared with many students in the poor areas, you are lucky.
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高中部●英语学科组

② vi. 匹敌;相比;竞争;不相上下 e.g. 我的英语水平不如他。 My English cannot compare with his. 这很难比较。 It is hard to compare. 例题: (1)_______ the youth _______ the rising sun at 8 or 9 o’clock am, Mao Zedong expressed his great hope for the young men. A.Comparing; with B.Compared; to C.Compared; with D.Comparing; to

(2)________ with what you did last year, you have made greater progress this year. A.Comparing 解析: (1)D.因为本句本体是“年轻人”,喻体是“八九点钟的太阳”,所以用 compare…to…;又因“比喻”的动作 由主句主语发出,故用 v.-ing,所以选 D 项。 (2)B.本题考查 compared with/to 意为“与…比较起来,较之…”,此结构在句中作状语,是固定结构。 omit omission variety 常见短语: a variety of various variation differ 常见短语: differ from (with) sb. on (about, upon) sth.与某人有不同意见 A differ from B in … A 与 B 在…上不同 e.g. We differ from him on that question. 我们在那个问题上跟他意见不同。 difference different n. 差异,差别 a. 不同的,差异的 be different from (反 be the same as 与…相同)
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B.Compared

C.To compare

D.Having compared

vt. 省略;忽略,遗忘 n. 疏忽,遗漏 n. 种类

各种各样的 a. 各种各样的 n. 变化

a variety of people various people

vi. 不同,有区别(同 disagree)

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differently 例句:

ad.不同地

(1)-Where would you like to go to the cinema or theatre? -It _______ to me. A.is not a difference B.makes no difference C.is not different D.makes not a difference

(2)The brothers differ _______ each other ________ their interests. A.to; from 解析: (1)B.make no difference 没区别,没两样 (2)A.differ 作不及物动词,意为“相异;有区别;不同于”,可用于 A and B differ from … in …句型中, 表示“A 和 B 在某方面不同” ,故本题选 C 项。 similar be similar to a.类似的,相像的 与…相似 B.in; from C.from; in D.from; to

e.g.玛丽的帽子和珍的差不多。 Mary’s hat is similar to Jane’s. similarly similarity 例句: This village appears _______ to mine, but I’m not _______ with it at all. A.similar; familiar 解析: A.similar 与 to 连用;familiar 与 with 搭配。 remark make no remarks switch n. 评论;讲话 不加评论 n. 开关 v. 开或关(on or off) B.similar; similar C.familiar; similar D.familiar; familiar ad. 相似地 n. 类似,相似

e.g. 他开灯(关灯) 。 He swiched on (off ) the light. add vt.加;增加;添加

e.g. 3 加 5 等于 8。 Add 5 to 3 and you have 8.
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高中部●英语学科组

vi. 增添,增加 常见短语: add up 合计;加起来 add up to 总计达 present vt.陈述;提出(观点、计划等)

n. (注意发音)礼物;现在,目前 常见短语: at present 现在;目前 for the present 暂时 up to the present 直到现在 ad. 现在的,目前的;出席的,在场的(反 absent) attempt n.努力;尝试(不定式 to)

e.g. 他试图和他们联系,但没有成功。 He attempts to get in touch with them but without success. 常见短语: attempt to do sth.努力做某事=try to do sth. make an attempt on one’s life 企图谋杀某人 simplify v.简化

a. simplified 简化的 n. simplification 简化;简化的事物 combination n.组合;结合

vt. combine (使)结合, (使)联合 (同)unite, join (反) 常见短语: be combined with 同……相结合 standard a. 标准的

standard time 标准时间 standard English 标准英语 reference n. 参考,查阅

reference material 参考材料 keep it for reference 备作参考
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盛阳教育 SHENG YANG EDUCATION

高中部●英语学科组

课文全析
1.We have really everything in common with America nowadays, except of course, language. except prep. 除……之外

e.g. 除小李外,我们都去过上海。 We all have been to Shanghai except Xiao Li. besides, except, except for 与 but 的区别: (1)besides 意为“除……以外(还有)。在否定句中可与 except 换用。常与 also, else, more, other, another ” 连用。 (2)except 意为“除去,除……之外(不再有……)。表示从整体中除去一部分,除去的是同类食物。常 ” 与 no, all, none, nothing, everything, anything 等连用。一般不位于句首。 (3)except for 意为“除了……” 。表示对句子主题进行细节校正或附加说明,而且前后提到的事物往往不 同类。 (4)but 意为“除……之外” ,可与 except 通用。 have no choice but to do sth. 只得做某事别无选择 have nothing to do but do sth. 只得做某事 cannot help but do sth.= cannot but do sth. 不得不做某事 例题: ________ these interruptions, the meeting would have finished earlier. A.Except for 解析: B.由句中的“would have finished earlier”可知本句是对过去发生的事情的虚拟,因此选择 but for (要 不是) 。而 except for, apart from 和 other than 都表示“除了…之外” ,不用于虚拟语气。 2.People from Shanghai sound the same as people from Xi’an. the same 后面可以接定语从句,如果后面的定语从句是省略的情况,则用 as 来引导。即 the same … as。 e.g. 他和我在同一所学校里上学。 He studies in the same school as I. the same … as 和 the same … that 两个定语从句。前者表示“与……同样的” ,不是同一个;而后者表示 “同一个,就是那个” 。 e.g. 这同我上周丢失的那支钢笔一样。 (不是同一支) B.But for C.Apart from D.Other than

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盛阳教育 SHENG YANG EDUCATION

高中部●英语学科组

This is the same pen as I lost last week. 这就是我上周丢失的那支钢笔。 (是同一支) This is the same pen that I lost last week. 例题: (1)This pen is not very good; I’d like the same one ______ you are using now. A.which B.with which C.as D.in that

(2)He went back to the same place ________ he had found the ring. A.where 解析: (1)C.题中后一分句的主句中有 the same,as 作关系代词用时,其中有一种说法就是与 the same 搭配, 故 C 项正确。若将 D 选项的 in 去掉,结构也对,只是含义不同。 (2)A.虽然主句中也有 the same,但此处关系词须在后面定语从句中作地点状语,而 as 为关系代词,不 能作状语,故应用关系副词 where。 3.……or maybe you will prefer to get around the town by taxi (British) or cab(American). (1)prefer vt. (preferred; preferring)宁可,宁愿(选择) ;更喜欢; (比较起来)喜欢……(而不喜欢……) 常见短语: prefer to do rather than do=prefer doing to doing=would rather do than do 相比某物/某件事而言,更喜欢某物/做某事 e.g.你喜欢咖啡还是茶? Do you prefer coffee or tea? 这个我比什么都喜欢。 I prefer it above all others. 我宁愿工作也不喜欢闲坐着。 I prefer to work rather than sit idly. = I prefer working to sitting idly. = I would rather work than sit idly. (2)get around=get round=get about 传播,流传;四处走动;说服某人同意 e.g. 她拄着四处走动。 She gets around with the help of a stick.
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B.as

C.which

D.that

盛阳教育 SHENG YANG EDUCATION

高中部●英语学科组

他知道怎样说服她爸爸。 She knows how to get around her dad. 例题: Rather than ________ on a crowded bus, he always prefers _______ a bicycle. A.ride; ride 解析: C.考查 prefer to do rather than do 结构 4.American use a flashlight, while for the British, it’s a torch. while 在本句中用作连词, (表示对比)意为“而,然而” 。 e.g. 你爱打篮球,而我爱看书。 You like tennis, while I’d rather read. while 用作连词的几种用法: (1)意为“……的时候”。 e.g. 他在维也纳的时候学习音乐。 While in Vienna he studied music. (2)表让步,意为“虽然,但是”。 e.g. 虽然我理解你的意思,但是我还是不同意。 While I understand what you say, I can’t agree with you. (3)表递进,意为“而且,更有甚者”。 e.g. 他们在国内困难重重,而在国外情况更为糟糕。 They are having trouble at home, while abroad things are even worse. 常见短语: all the while 始终; once in a while 偶尔,间或; for a while=for a short time 暂时,一时; after a while 过了一会儿; in a short while 不一会儿 5.After all, there is probably as much variation of pronunciation within the two countries as between them. as much as 意思是“多达……,……之多” ,as…as 中间常接形容词或副词原形,即 as + adj./adv. + as。 e.g. 去欧洲旅游的费用高达 50 000 元。
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B.riding; ride

C.ride; to ride

D.to ride; riding

盛阳教育 SHENG YANG EDUCATION

高中部●英语学科组

The cost of travelling to Europe is as much as 50,000 yuan. 注:as … as …在否定句中也可将第一个 as 换成 so,表示“多达……” ;as … as…还可以用于倍数的表 达;也可以表示比较,意思是“像……一样” 。 e.g. 汤姆跟我一样高。 Tom is as tall as I. as much + n. [U] + as … as many + n (pl.) + as… as much/many as as long as as far as as well as 例题: (1)It was reported earlier in the week that the number of cars on Beijing’s roads has grown to 4 million-a jump of ______ 2 million cars in the last two years. A.as much as B.rather than C.as many as D.as well as 和……一样多的…… as much money as yours 和……一样多的…… as many apples as hers 和……一样…… 长达……;只要…… 远达……;就……而论 相当于介词,“除……之外;也”

(2)Allen had to call a taxi because the box was _______ to carry all the way home. A.much too heavy B.too much heavy C.heavy too much D.too heavy much

(3)E-mail, as well as telephones, _________ an important part in daily communication. A.is playing B.have played C.are played D.play

(4) you’ve ever tried to grow your own flowers or vegetables, you should know that gardening is an art _____ it If is a science. A.as much as 解析: (1)C.这里用 as many as+复数名词表示“多达”。as much as 修饰不可数名词,rather than 意为“而不是”, as well as 意为“也”。 (2) much 不能修饰形容词的原级, A. 但可修饰 too。 too 可修饰形容词的原级。 而 因此, 该题只能用“much too + adj.”的形式。 (3)A.此句中的 as well as 连接两个主语,谓语动词与前面的主语保持一致。本句的主语为 E-mail,故动 词用单数形式。 (4)A.表示程度一样用 as much as。as many as 表示数量一样;as well as 用来连接两个名词或代词,不能
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B.as well as

C.as long as

D.as many as

盛阳教育 SHENG YANG EDUCATION

高中部●英语学科组

连接从句;as long as 意为“和……一样长” ,均不符合题意。 6.A Londoner has more difficulty understanding a Scotsman from Glasgow than understanding a New Yorker. have difficulty (in) doing sth. 是固定结构,意为“在做某事上有困难” ,其中 in 可以省略。 e.g. 你理解英语有困难吗? Do you have any difficulty (in) understanding English? 相关链接: (1)have some difficulty/trouble (in) doing sth. = there is some difficulty/trouble with sth. 在做某事上有困难 have no difficulty/trouble (in) doing sth. 做某事没有困难 have little difficulty/trouble (in) doing sth. 做某事几乎没有困难 (2)spend time/money (in) doing sth. 花时间/金钱做某事 waste time/money (in) doing sth. 浪费时间/金钱做某事 be busy (in) doing sth. 忙于做某事 have a …time (in) doing sth. 有…的时间做某事 例题: (1)People from the two countries do not have ______ in understanding each other. A.difficulties B.a difficulty C.a trouble D.trouble

(2)I want to know what difficulty he has had _______ the experiment. A.to carry out B.carrying out C.carried out D.with carrying out

(3)Have you heard what great difficulty I had _______ along with the work? A.to get 解析: (1)D.have difficulty/trouble in doing sth.固定搭配,其中 difficulty 和 trouble 为不可数名词,不应该用复
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B.getting

C.got

D.for getting

盛阳教育 SHENG YANG EDUCATION

高中部●英语学科组

数形式或加不定冠词。 (2)B.题中的 difficulty 作 had 的宾语,该句相当于 he has had difficulty (in) carrying out the experiment。 (3) in 可以省略, difficulty 后若接名词时, B. 但 要用介词 with, difficulty 是不可数名词, 也可替换为 trouble 或 problems。difficulty 前可用 some,great,no 等修饰。 7.For more than a century communications across the Atlantic have developed steadily. more than ①more than + 数词,意为“……以上,多于……;……有余”。 e.g. 有 20 多个俱乐部成员出席会议。 More than 20 club members attended the meeting. ②more than + 名词,意为“不止,不仅仅”。 e.g. 和平不仅仅是意味着没有战争。 Peace is much more than the absence of war. ③more than + 形容词或副词,意为“非常,十分;更加;岂止”。 e.g.他非常自私 He is more than selfish. ④more than + 动词,意为“十分;大大地;不仅仅”。 e.g.他不仅仅是微笑,他简直是大笑了。 He more than smiled; he laughed. ⑤more than … can/could,意为“不能……”。 e.g.杭州之美是语言所不能描述的。 The beauty of Hangzhou is more than words can describe. 例题: (1)The girl student of _______ has been the chairman of the students’ union for two years. A.not fifteen B.not more than fifteen C.more fifteen D.more than fifteen

(2)We advertised for pupils last autumn, and got _______ 60. A.more than 解析: (1)B.本题要表达的意思是“不超过,至多”,在英语中,要表达“不超过,至多”可以说 not more than, no more than 是“仅仅”的意思。 (2)A.more than 与数词连用,意为“多于”,在此符合语境;more of 在此处本身结构有误;as much as 用
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B.more of

C.as much as

D.so many as

盛阳教育 SHENG YANG EDUCATION

高中部●英语学科组

来修饰不可数名词,而此处 60(pupils)是可数名词复数;so many as 仅用于否定句中。 8.But it has also led to lots of American words and structures passing into British English…… led to 为 lead to 的过去式,意为“导致”;也可作“通向”解,其中 to 是介词,其后跟名词或动名词。 e.g. 努力工作会使他成功的。 That he works hard will lead to his success. 相关链接: 下列短语中,to 均为介词: look forward to refer to pay attention to belong to object to get down to devote…to… stick to be used to 例题: Once a decision has been made, all of us should ______ it. A.direct to 解析: B.stick to 意为坚守(规则、诺言) ;direct + 名词或代词+ to 的意思是“指点道路,把注意力集中于” ; lead to 意为“导致,通往” ;refer to 的意思是“和……有关” 。 B.stick to C.lead to D.refer to 期盼(望) 提到,谈到,涉及 注意 属于 反对 开始认真做…… 献身(致力)于…… 坚持 习惯于

语法精讲
1.Did you see that truck come out of the gas station? come out of 相关链接: come about come across come around/round 发生 (偶然)遇见(或发现) ,碰见 苏醒,再次出现 从……中出来;有……的结果

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盛阳教育 SHENG YANG EDUCATION

高中部●英语学科组

come by come down come down to come out come over come to come up 例题:

得到,获得;作短暂拜访 (物价等)下降;下跌;衰落 归结为 出现,显露出来;出版,发表;结果是 从远方过来;顺便拜访 共计;结果是;涉及,谈到;苏醒过来 发生;走到跟前

(1)It’s very cool here. Why don’t you ________? A.come to B.come up C.come into D.come up to

(2)Due to cultural differences, most artists find it hard to ________ Chinese crosstalk to westerners. A.get across 解析: (1)B.根据句意,题中应选表示“过来”的短语,由于不接地点,故不加介词 to。 (2)A.get across sth. to sb.意为“被理解,讲清楚,把……传达给某人” ;get over 意为“熬过,做完,克 服” ; 2.……who have spent time on an educational exchange in the other’s country. spend time on sth. 意为“在……上花费时间”。 其后除了跟介词 on 之外, 还可以跟介词 in (in) 可以省略。 e.g. 有必要把这笔钱全部用来买新电脑。 It’s necessary to spend all this money on the new computer. spend…for e.g. 她买衣服用掉了一大笔钱。 She spent a lot of money for clothes. 相关链接: spend, cost, pay 与 take 它们都作“用,花费”讲,区别在于: (1) 主语不同:spend, pay 的主语是人,cost 的主语是物,take 的主语既可以是人或物,也可以是形式主 语 it。 (2) 宾语不同: 的宾语是钱或跟双宾语(pay him money); pay take 的宾语是时间, 可跟双宾语; spend 和 cost 的宾语是钱或时间,可跟双宾语。
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B.get over

C.come across

D.come over

盛阳教育 SHENG YANG EDUCATION

高中部●英语学科组

e.g. 这本书我花了 10 元 I paid ten yuan for the book. I spent ten yuan on the book. The book cost me 10 yuan. The book took me 10 yuan. 例题: (1)―How much money do you need to ______ the trip to Tibet? ―I’m not sure about it, but it will cost at least 500 yuan. A.pay B.charge C.afford D.cover

(2)That mistake _______ him his life. A.costed B.cost C.took D.paid

(3)According to a recent US survey, children spent up to 25 hours a week_____ TV. A.to watch 解析: (1)D.此处 cover 表示“够用;满足”。A 项表示“支付”;B 项表示“收费”;C 项表示“负担得起”,都与答 语的后半句不太吻合。 (2)B.cost 可接双宾语。A 项过去式错误。 (3)C.固定搭配:spend + time (in) doing sth.花费时间做某事。 . 3.一般现在时 (1)主要用来表示现在的经常性、习惯性动作或状态。常跟一些表示现在的时间状语连用。 时间状语: often,always,from time to time e.g. 他通常每天早晨 7 点钟上班。 He usually goes to work at 7 o’clock every morning. 我们一日吃三餐。 We have meals three times a day. (2)可以表示客观真理、科学事实。即使出现在过去语境中,也使用一般现在时。 e.g. 地球绕着太阳走。 The earth goes around the sun. 老师告诉我们水在 100° 沸腾。 C
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B.to watching

C.watching

D.watch

盛阳教育 SHENG YANG EDUCATION

高中部●英语学科组

The teacher told us that the water boils at 100° C. (3)在 if,unless,even if 引导的条件状语从句中,代替一般将来时;由 when, before, until (till) as , soon as, the moment, once 引导的时间状语从句中;由 no matter what/ who/ which/ when/where/how 或 whatever, whoever, whichever, whenever, wherever, however 引导的让步状语从句中表将来。 e.g. 如果他接受了这份工作,他会马上得到更多的钱。 If he accepts the job, he will get more money soon. 我一完成工作就跟你走。 I’ll go with you as soon as I finish my work. 无论你说什么,我都不会改变主意。 Whatever you say, I will not change my mind. (4)用于 here, there 开头的倒装句中,一般现在时表示现在正在发生的动作或存在的状态。 e.g. 公共汽车来了。 Here comes the bus. 铃响了。 There goes the bell. 真题演练 1. (2011 重庆,31)Look at the pride on Tom’s face. He _____to have been praised by the manager just now. A.seemed B.seems C.had seemed D.is seeming

2. (2009 辽宁,31)My parents have promised to come to see me before I ______ for Africa. A.have left B.leave C.left D.will leave

3. (2010 上海,28)Every few years, the coal workers ______ their lungs X-rayed to ensure their health. A.remains B.have C.have had D.had had

4. (2010 重庆,29)The B caught fire three times in the last century, and little of the original building ____now. A.remains B.is remained C.is remaining D.has been remained

5. (2008 上海,28)--Do you know if Terry will go camping this weekend? --Terry? Never! She ____ tents and fresh air!. A.has hated 答案解析 1.B.看汤姆脸上自豪的样子,似乎他刚才受到了经理的表扬。设空处的 seem 表示现在的状况,故用现在 时, 排除 A、 两项; C seem 一般不用于进行时, 故排除 D。 本句还可以改为: seems that he has been praised It
15

B.hated

C.will hate

D.hates

盛阳教育 SHENG YANG EDUCATION

高中部●英语学科组

by the manager just now. 2.B.我父母已经答应在我去非洲之前来看我。不定式 to come to see me 表示的是将来动作,before 引导的 时间状语从句需用一般现在时。 3.B.每隔几年,煤矿工人们都要对他们的肺部进行 X 光检查,以确保身体健康。根据 every few years 可 知动作是经常性的,有规律的,所以用一般现在时。 4.A.该宫殿在上世纪曾三次失火,现在原始的建筑物所剩无几。remain 是不及物动词,没有被动式或进 行式,故排除 B、C、D。 5. D. 你知道 Terry 本周末会去野营吗?Terry? 永远不会! 她讨厌帐篷和新鲜的空气! 说话者是在陈述 Terry 现在的嗜好,因此采用一般现在时。 4.一般将来时 (1)表示将来某个时间会发生的动作或情况,表示未实现的愿望、打算和意图。 时间状语: tomorrow,next week, next month, next year, in 2016 等 e.g.我下周要去北京参加一个会议。 I will attend a conference next week. (2)will/shall+动词原形 ①will 可用来表示事物的固有属性或必然趋势。 e.g. 离开水,鱼就会死。 Fish will die without water. ②will,shall 表示将来,有时含偶然性、临时决定的意思。 e.g.-Do you know Mr. Smith has come to our town? 你知道史密斯先生来我们镇了么? -No. I will go and visit him right now. 不知道。我马上就去看他。

(3) “be going to + 动词原形”多用在口语中,表示“计划、打算要做某事” ,此外,be going to 还可表示 根据现在的迹象,对未来进行推断。 e.g. 他计划今晚在电视上讲话。 He is going to speak on TV this evening. (4) “be about to + 动词原形”表示“立即的将来” ,因此表示该结构不与表示将来的具体时间状语连用, 但可以和并列连词 when(=and at that time)引出的分句连用。 e.g. 火车就要开了。 The train is about to start.
16

盛阳教育 SHENG YANG EDUCATION

高中部●英语学科组

马上就要起飞了。 The plane is on the point of taking off. (5) “be to+ 动词原形” ①表示“按计划或安排要做的事” e.g.他们将在今年五月结婚。 They are to be married in this May. ②表示“应该”,相当于 should/ought to + 动词原形 e.g.你应该报警。 You are to report it to the police. ③表示“想,打算”,相当于 intend/want + 动词不定式 e.g. 如果我们要在 10 点前到那儿,我们现在就得走。 If we are to be there before ten, we’ll have to go now. (6)某些表示短暂性动作的动词如 arrive, come, go, leave, start 等,用现在进行时形式表示将来。 e.g. 我明天计划去北京。 I’m leaving for Beijing tomorrow. 5.现在进行时 (1)表示说话时或目前一段时间内正在进行的活动:或表感情色彩,加强语气。与频率副词,如 always, constantly, continually, again 等连用表示说话人的某种感情色彩(赞叹、厌烦、埋怨等) 。 e.g. 我们正在上英语课。 We are having English class. 这房子是这几天里建好的。 The house is being built these days. 这个男孩总会惹麻烦。 The little boy is always making trouble. (2)在时间状语从句或条件状语从句中表示将来正在进行的动作。 e.g. 当你过马路的时候要小心。 Look out when you are crossing the street. 如果明早 7 点他还在睡觉的话,不要把他叫醒。 Don’t wake him up if he is still sleeping at 7 tomorrow morning. (3)表示在最近按计划或安排要进行的动作(这时多有表示将来的时间状语) 。
17

盛阳教育 SHENG YANG EDUCATION

高中部●英语学科组

e.g. 玛丽要在周五离开。 Mary is leaving on Friday. 真题演练 1. (2011 江苏,21)—I hear you _______ in a pub. What’s it like? —Well, it’s very hard work and I’m always tired, but I don’t mind. A.are working B.will work C.were working D.will be working

2. (2011 辽宁,28)I’ll go to the library as soon as I finish what I ________. A.was doing 答案解析 1. 我听说你在酒吧工作, A. 这份工作怎么样?哦, 很辛苦, 我总是觉得累, 但我不介意。 I’m always tired, 由 but I don’t mind 可知现在还在做这份工作,故排除 B、C、D。 2.B.我一做完手头上的工作就去图书馆。根据题干所提供的信息可知,设空处表示正在进行的动作,应 该用现在进行时。 5.现在完成时 (1)表示动作或状态相对于现在这个时间点来说是已经发生或完成了的,而且会对现在造成一定的结果或 影响。 (使用非延续性动词) 基本结构:S(主语)+have/has+动词的过去分词 时间状语:lately, recently, just, already, in the last (past) few days (weeks) since then, up , to now, so far 等。 e.g. -Have you had your lunch yet? 你吃过午饭了吗? -Yes, I have. I’ve just had it. 是的,我吃了,我刚吃的。 我之前把笔丢了。 I have lost my pen. 在过去的几年里,我的家乡发生了巨大变化。 In the past few years, great changes have taken place in my hometown. 常用的非延续性动词: come, go , get to, reach, arrive at/in, leave, buy, sell, open, close, get up, join, take part in, begin, start, return, give, borrow, lend, become, turn, bring, take, die, finish, end, receive, hear from, marry, break, lose, jump 等。 (2)表示动作或状态在过去已经开始,持续到现在,也许还要持续下去。 (延续性动词)
18

B.am doing

C.have done

D.had been done

盛阳教育 SHENG YANG EDUCATION

高中部●英语学科组

① for+时间段 e.g. 他们在北京已经住了五年了。 They have lived in Beijing for five years. ② since+时间点 e.g. 我们从 2000 年就住在这里。 We have lived here since 2000. (3)用在“It (This) is (will be ) the first /second/ third …time + (that )从句”当主句动词为 is/ will be 的时候, that 从句中的动词用现在完成时,that 可以省略。 e.g. 这是我第一次到这里来。 This is the first time I have been here. (4) “It(This)is the best (worst, most interesting 等)+名词+从句” ,从句要求使用现在完成时。 e.g. 这是我看过的最好的电影。 This is the best movie I’ve ever seen. (5)在条件,时间,让步状语从句中,表示将来某时间以前已完成的动作。 e.g. 除非我亲眼看到,否则我不会相信你的。 I will not believe you unless I have seen it with my own eyes. 我干完了工作就和你一起去。 I will go with you as soon as I have finished my work. 真题演练 1. (2011 湖南,30)It is the most instructive lecture that I _____ since I came to this school. A.attended B.had attended C.am attending D.have attended

2. (2010 山东,30)Up to now, the program ______ thousands of children who would otherwise have died. A.would save B.saves C.had saved D.has saved

3. (2010 浙江, For many years, people ______ electric cars. However, making them has been more difficult 15) than predicted. A.had dreamed of 答案解析 1.D.这是自从我到这所学校以来参加过的最有启发性的演讲。考查在特定语境中正确使用时态的能力。 根据主句的谓语动词 is 和从句 since I came to this school 可以判断空格部分应用现在完成时。 2.D.迄今为止,这个项目已经救了好几千名儿童。如果没有这个项目,这些孩子早就死了。up to now 相
19

B.have dreamed of C.dreamed of

D.dream of

盛阳教育 SHENG YANG EDUCATION

高中部●英语学科组

当于 by now,常与现在完成时连用。 3.B.多年以来,人们都梦想着电力汽车的出现。但是,制造电力汽车比预想的要更加困难。根据时间状 语 For many years 和第二句中的 has been 可知句子时态为完成时态,故排除 C、D;句子并没有过去的 时间或过去的动作,因此不存在“过去的过去”,排除 A。

20


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