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同义词重点替换词全集


同义词重点替换词全集
国内考生常用的表达 名词 1. 2. 3. 4. 5. things that one tries hard to do The fact Is that... joy sadness danger one's undertakings / one's commitments The reality is that.,. happiness / delight / enjoyment sorrow / grief 更得分的表述方式

(续表)

hazard / peril (后面这个词语气很强, 危险程度非同一般) [派 生]dangerous: hazardous =schooling ( 指 学 校 教 育 , 家 庭 教 育 则 用 upbringing / parenting)[区分]家庭教育的两个词 upbringing 和 parenting 的 区别在于:upbringing 是从孩子的角度说的,比如 children's 度 upbringing ; 而 parenting 是 从 家 长 的 角 度 来 说 , 比 如 sensible parenting.

6.

education

7.

advertisement/ advertising 如果你写过关于广告的题目,就一定体会过不停轮换使用 换使用 advertisement/ advertising 有多郁闷。 其实主体段论证甲完 全 可以把广告种类细化, 比如 commercials (电视或者互联 网上 的广告) ,flyers (传单广告,北京最常见的形式就是 "135 * * * * , 办 证 "),billboards ( 大 幅 的 广 告 牌 ) 或 者 non-profit advertisements = public-interest advertisements (公益广告 I

8. 9.

car economic crisis

automobile economic meltdown (很接近)/ recession (这个——般仅仅 还 是衰退丨/ 〖he Great Depression (这个则是特指 1929 年 开 始的那次了) celebrities (单数为 celebrity) 更得分的表述方式

10.

famous people 国内考生常用的表达

名词 11. 12. 13. human beings (被考生 使 humanity (注意这个词的单数指人类,复数指人文学科)/ the human race 用过多> wealth t 相关| rich fortune(s) (fortune 作财富的意思时可以加复数) wealthy / affluent (adj.)

忙 13

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14. 15. 16. 17. 18. 19. 20. 21.

skill

=technique (注意这个词的正确解释是技能或者方法, 不是 而 (续表) technology 科技) adept / adroit ( adj.) methodology (国 外 学 术 写 作 中 超 级 常 用 的 词 , 基 本 就 是 method 的故作高深版) sphere / domain / arena =grasp of / command of option =collaboration

[派生]skilled method field understanding of choice cooperation

basic structure in a city or a infrastructure country tiredness for a long time is a must for the Internet honesty strong belief aim worries influence influence on each other fatigue is a prerequisite for (是……的必备先决条件) ==the information highway (—篇考生作文里 Internet 被使 用十几次是常事儿> =integrity faith (in) intention anxieties (是的,这两个词的确都可以加复数) impact / repercussion / implication mutual influence (类似的表达述有 mutual respect, mutual trust 和 mutual understanding / interaction between A and B / interplay between A and B 更得分的表述方式

22. 23. 24. 25. 26. 27. 28. 29. 30.

国内考生常用的表达 名词 31. 32, many different kinds of…

a variety of…/ a wide array of... / a wide range of…

wrong ideas held by many misconceptions people fame range sense prestige / sterling reputation 坊 spectrum =recognition

33. 34. 35.

忙 14

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36 37. 38. 39. 40.

part wise gap

component (这个词不仅指零件,在学术写作中也经常指
n

部分“)

(续表)

[相关]sensible (adj.) disparity

a system for a particular 怒 a mechanism for... purpose a solution to sth. a remedy for sth.(生活中经常指一种病的治疗方法,但学术 写作中经常用来指某种问题的解决办法,注意搭配的介词不 同) ? unruly students / disruptive students unethical behavior / immoral behavior

41, 42. 43 44, 45. 46. 47. 48. 49. 50. 51,

bad students bad behavior

organizations that help poor charities / charitable organizations people difference [派生]be different from person personality businesses prices that are too high the rate of … intense enthusiasm 国内考生常用的表达 名词 52, 53. 54. cultural globalization (有 过多人使用这个词) a thing that is necessary global cultural homogenization a necessity distinction be distinct from ( adj.) individual =disposition enterprises (这里指企业) exorbitant prices the incidence of …(后面一般 3 艮坏事 J L,比如 unemployment / crime / a disease) zeal / passion 更得分的表述方式

a thing that is new and a novelty interesting a thing that is rare a rarity

55, 56.

things that people are notuncertainties sure about
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忙 15

57. 58. 59. 60. 61. 62. 63. 64. 65. 66. 67.

a world language friends relaxation self-respect respect sb, / sth. [反义]look down on … self-control criminal prisoner drinks

a universal language
(续表)

companions =recreation ^ self-esteem and dignity hold sb. /sth. in high regard treat…with contempt = despise ( v.) self-discipline convict inmate ? alcoholic beverages

people who walk on the pedestrians street old generations in history ancestors

68, 69. 70. 71.

a person who benefits from a beneficiary of sth. sth. a disease quickly that spreads an epidemic (注意这个词虽然是-ic 结尾,却不是形容词)

a very unpleasant way of misery life 国内考生常用的表达 更得分的表述方式

名词 72. a task that requires lots of an arduous task effort emotion enemy narrow minds a way to do sth. hobby progress 紀 sentiment 怒 opponent / foe insular minds (狭隘的头脑或者观念) a approach to doing sth. / an avenue towards sth. 訪 pastime / diversion progression ( 经 常 指 抽 象 的 进 步 , 比 如 写 关 于 society/ career/technology 的话题} setback (注意作名词的时候中间不要加空格)

73, 74. 75, 76, 77. 78.

79.

failure

忙 16

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80. 81, 82, 8384. 85.

importance duty difficulty

significance (当你用了一次 importance 之后,第二次不妨 用 (续表) 这个) obligation (用于比较重要的责任) hindrance / impediment / hurdles

pressure from your class- peer pressure mates citizens who can work labor force / workforce (都是总体概念, 而且注意后面这个 词 的标准写法中间没有空格>

problems or diseases that persistent problems / chronic diseases exist for a long time a life exercise result thoughts the lack of knowledge without regular a sedentary lifestyle

86. 87. 88. 89.

consequence (表示消极的结果更多一些) considerations ignorance (注意在地道英文里,这个词经常并不表示?"忽 视” ,而是表示“无知“) 更得分的表述方式

国内考生常用的表达 名词 90. 91. harm (n.) harm (v/t )

adverse effect damage destroy / ruin (这两个词比 damage 程度更重) spoil (后面跟 the cityscape /scenery / environment) undermine (后面 跟抽象概念,比如 stability / social order / harmony) jeopardize (后面跟抽象概念,比如 one's future / one's career) tarnish (后 面 S 艮 one's reputation /image) sap/dampen (后面 S 艮 one's enthusiasm/interest/confidence)

92. 93. 94. 95. 96.

[派生]harmful [派生]be harmful to bad luck trouble crime

detrimental (adj.) =pose a threat to misfortune adversity / dilemma / predicament / hardship offense / criminal act

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97. 98. 99. 100. 101. 102. 103. 形容词 104, 105. 106. 107.

youth crime criminal serious crime a minor crime shortage (of) the only one places where animals live

坊 juvenile delinquency
(续表)

offender / ? culprit / 坊 perpetrator heinous crime / felony a misdemeanor scarcity (of) / dearth (of) an exception habitat

worrying very popular true deep 国内考生常用的表达

=disturbing prevalent / ubiquitous genuine (truly d genuinely) profound (深刻的,后面经常跟 wisdom / truths/understa 门 cling/impact/thoughts ) 更得分的表述方式

形容词 108. 109, 110. 111. 112. 113. 114. 115. 116. 117. 118. 119. 120. strong weak hard-working very disappointing be good (for) be not as good as be better than uninteresting many complicated strange cannot be turned back produce useful results powerful / mighty ^vulnerable industrious (注意不是 industrial,而 diligent 那个词在美语 中是 个挺大的词) lamentable / pathetic be beneficial (to) = be in the best interests (of) be inferior to be superior to mundane (注意这个词其实在美国很多时候并不是"世俗 的 “意思/humdrum numerous (注意要跟可数名词) intricate odd / bizarre / eccentric (单 weird 有点过于口 语化了 } be irreversible productive

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121. 122. 123. 124. 125. 126. 127. 128. 129,

practical mature selfish proud (贬义) suitable most suitable lonely alone be easily influenced by sth.

=realistic
(续表)

sophisticated (这个词指人的时候意思是思维成熟老练的) self-centered/ materialistic conceited fitting optimal isolated / alienated solitary be susceptible to sth.(一般是坏事情,比如 a disease / attacks) is superior to 更得分的表述方式

130.

is better than 国内考生常用的表达

形容词 131, 132. not as good as … be the same is inferior to be identical / be homogenous / be uniform (后面两个词比 较正 式,一般是说 cu 丨 tural globalization 的时候常用,现在 理 解为什么校服的名词叫 school uniforms 了吧,就是让大 家 都看起来一样的衣服?> 舞 stimulating ? monotonous / repetitive redundant intelligent renowned =desirable / encouraging delighted delightful be available bewildering / baffling /confusing

133134. 135136, 137. 138. 139. 140. 141. 142. 143,

interesting boring useless smart famous positive happy enjoyable can be used hard to understand

(laws / rules / people) not lenient strict

忙 19

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144.

healthy

wholesome (注意说人的健康还是要用 healthy,但是如果说 事 (续表) 物有益健康,就可以用 wholesome) eco-friendly (比如 Biking is far more eco-friendly than driving their SUVs,) =apprehensive be skeptical about sth. justified ? unwarranted / unjustifiable enormous / massive / vast/ colossal 更得分的表述方式

145. 146. 147. 148. 149. 150,

good for the environment nervous / anxious doubt sth. fair unfair huge 国内考生常用的表达

形容词 151. 152. 153. 154. small tiny / miniscule (后面一般跟抽象名词)

have many different abilities be versatile / be well-rounded be familiar with be well-acquainted with

very successful / admirable distinguished

155.

proper

appropriate quintessential (这个语气非常强) precise / 纪 accurate unsightly substandard (housing / accommodation / work / goods / machines) the current... / the existing …(比如 the current financial crisis / the existing environmental problems) antiquated / obsolete esteemed entire lead an extravagant /a lavish life enlightened/progressive (开明的,进步的,经常用来形 容 govern-ment 或者 society)
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156, typical 157, exact 158. 159. ugly poor-quality

160. 161. 162, 163. 164. 165.

the present … outdated highly-respected complete (adj. ) / whole spend a lot of money open

忙 20

166. 167. 168. 169. 170. 171,

sth. must be carried out with long history continuing forever important very attractive very careful 国内考生常用的表达

sth. is compulsory / sth. is mandatory
(续表)

time-honored (后面经常跟抽象名词,比如 tradition / practice / methods / heritage) perpetual significantdessentialdvital (这三个词的重要性依次递增) very appealing / fascinating / captivating cautious 更得分的表述方式

形容词 172. 173. 174. 175, 176. 177. be very interested in be qualified for disappointing wrong long and a bit annoying very difficult be absorbed in / be engrossed in be eligible for frustrating erroneous lengthy daunting / formidable

178 ‘ being spread in an un- rampant (后面经常 S 艮负面现象,比如 crime, pollution 或者 controlled way discrimination) 179. 180. 181. cruel fat having wrong opinions 坊 inhumane / merciless overweight / obese (后面这个已经胖出病了) skewed / biased (这两个词一般在旧 LTS 媒体类话题使用, 表 示“有偏见的“) comprehensive (综合的,全面的) adequate / sufficient / ample / abundant (、注意这四个词的 语 气是逐渐递增的) excessive minimal (注意不是 minimum) counterproductive (其实地道英文写作里这个词不见得和生 产有关,只要阻止人们达到目旳,都可以写它 counterproductive) stringent (后面一般 S 艮 laws, measures 或者 rules) pressing (problems)
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182. 183. 184. 185. 186.

including many things enough too much very little cause bad effects

187, 188,
忙 21

strict urgent

189. 动词 190. 191.

quiet

tranquil and serene (美语中这两个词经常可以连在一起用>
(续表)

make sth. strong make sth. weak 国内考生常用的表达

strengthen / fortify /reinforce / consolidate sth. weaken / erode (侵蚀) 更得分的表述方式

动词 192, 193, 194. make sth. better make sth. worse enhance / better (很少看到国内考生用 better 当动词,其 实在 学术写作中 better sth.是挺常见的表达) aggravate / exacerbate sth.

control … negative trend) curb …(crime / pollution / economic recessions) (a stop manage sth. appear die out fail to see set... free begin cease =regulate sth. / oversee sth. emerge / arise (后者的主语一般是抽象概念,比如 debate) go extinct neglect / overlook release (prisoners / stress) commence / initiate (后者跟抽象概念更多,比如 initiate the conflict)

195. 196. 197. 198. 199. 200. 201. 202,

narrow / bridge the gap [反义]widen the gap between A and B between A and B 这 里 bridge 作动词) be forced to to sth. be compelled to do sth.

203. 204, 205.

keep complaining about sth. grumble about sth. try hard to do sth. ? pursue sth. ( one's goal / one's career / business interests / maximum profit / hegemony) ? perform / conduct (注意这里的 perform 不是“表演”而 是“从事“) refrain from doing sth.

206. 207.

do sth. do not do sth.

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208. 209.

carry out tur 门‘..i 门 to... 国内考生常用的表达

implement
(续表)

convert... to / into… 更得分的表述方式

动词 210. 211. decrease make a crime decline / dwindle (特指逐渐缓慢的减少)/ dip /slip (后两 个词 用来指短促的下降) commit a crime (注意作文中不要用 make a crime 这样不 地道 的英文) revert to crime (这里的 crime 作不可数名词) penalize penalty propagate / disseminate (这两个词后面经常跟 information / ideas/belief 这类名词) flourish / thrive

212. 213, 214. 215.

commit a crime again punish [派生]punishment spread

216, 217,

develop fast

develop (这里作“培 养" cultivate / foster / nurture (这三个词后面经常跟和教育有 关 的意思> 的名词,比如 an interest in social issues) [相关]fast-developing accept build gather burgeoning adopt (注意这个词不是 adapt 适应,而是接纳,釆纳的意思) construct garner,但这个词只能用在很正式的意思,而且略有贬义, 比 如 garner funding, garner support during the UN climate conference at Copenhagen gauge,比 measure 稍正式一点 impart sth. / inculcate sth.(注意如果 teach 后面是人贝[j 不要 替换) initiate 多用于政府类话题 espouse,后面跟某种重要的事业,类似的还有动词 champion (作动词不是冠军的意思了 }禾口动词 sanction (它作名词则 变成了 "制裁” ) ? compliment / extol (后面这个语气很强) ^ buttress / bolster

218. 219. 220. 221.

222. 223. 224. -

measure teach sth. start support

226. 227.

praise support

忙 23

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228.

prove / confirm 国内考生常用的表达

verify 更得分的表述方式
(续表)

动词 229. create generate (―般是大规模的产生’比如 generate employment opportunities / generate tax revenue / electricity) breed (— 般是 产生消极的东西, 比如 conflict / crime / resentment) spavwi (― 般是产生新事物,比如 spawn inventions/innovations )

230. 231. 232. 233.

use use... again work hard get

==utilize / exploit recycle work assiduously =acquire (注意 acquire / gain knowledge 比 learn knowledge 在地道英文中更加常见) contemplate / reflect on /ponder encounter,多用于政府,文化或者 success 这样偏大一些 的话 题 afford sth.(在正式的英文写作中,afford 经常可以表示 “提 供” require (注意主语如果是人称则一般还需要使用 need,但 如 果主语是事物,则可以改用 require) ==have an affinity for sth. / have a strong attachment to sth. complain about (i^. ) / be discontented with (adj.) request elevate,就是正式版的 raise,但只是 “提高"而不能表示 抚养小 孩的意思 resemble sth. mistreat... / abuse... value sth, / treasure sth. / cherish sth. =maintain / preserve (这个词后面经常跟 traditions / cultural heritage / wild animals/ natural resources 等)

234. 235. 236.

consider meet provide sth.

237, 238. 239, 240. 241. 242. 243. 244. 245. 、

need like sth. very much be unhappy about ask for raise look like sth. treat... poorly consider sth. valuable keep

忙 24

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国内考生常用的表达 动词 246. 247. 248. 249, 250, 251. mix …together solve notice

更得分的表述方式
(续表)

bland / combine / synthesize tackle / combat / address discern

understand.., to mean.,, / to interpret... as...(很多时候这个词并不是□译,而是把??… be … 理解为……) choose sth, / choose to do opt for sth. / opt to do sth. sth. achieve fulfill (one's dream / one's goal / one's potential / one's obligation / one's promise / one's task) sprout up / mushroom relieve / ease / alleviate (作文中经常用到的搭配有 relieve stress / alleviate poverty / ease the traffic congestion 等) compensate …for … reward…for... accelerate sth, / speed up sth. participate in prevail over (大家应该已经注意到了,新托福议论文的题 目 中经常出现 outweigh 这个词用来比较事物的重要性或者 利 弊,在作文中最好不要重复考题中出现过的特征词汇) promote/ facilitate (注意这两个词都是及物动词, 所以不 需要 跟 to) development hinder /impede / inhibit / obstruct... ?identify =motivate sb. to.,. adore sth. abhor / detest / loathe 更得分的表述方式

252. 253. 254. 255. 256. 257. 258.

appear in large numbers make." less serious pay…for (one's loss) pay…for (one's effort) make sth. faster join outweigh

259.

contribute to

260. 261. 262. 263. 264,

prevent of… find out

the

encourage sb. to... tike sth. very much dislike sth. very much 国内考生常用的表达

动词

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265. 266. 267. 268. 269, 270. 271. 272. 273. 274. 275. 276. 277, 278. 279. 280, 281. 282, 283. 284, 285. 286. 287.

hate limit avoid is not limited to … be so surprised decide move to … come from … improve waste attack reduce increase help help (n.) set up try to do sth . try hard to do sth. change change... a lot solve correct ( vt,) take down 国内考生常用的表达

resent / hold a grudge against
(续表)

restrict / constrain ? bypass / eschew / shun is not restricted to... / is not confined to…(经常用来描述 一个 trend 不仅限于某个范围> be astonished / be astounded / be startled determine relocate to.., / have been relocated to… originate from / in... boost / enhance (比如 boost solidarity 增进团结/ enhance productivity 提高生产率) use …lavishly assail (语气更强烈) curtail (多用于政府投资类话题)/ diminish (多用于文化 类或 者发展类中的抽象话题) augment (多用于政府投资类话题) assist assistance establish attempt to do sth. make a strenuous / an arduous / a painstaking effort to do sth. alter fundamentally change... / radically change…/ transform… address / combat rectify (a mistake) demolish / raze (谈到拆老建筑的时候常用) 更得分的表述方式

动词

忙 26

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288.

obey

abide by / comply with / conform to (后面 S 艮 the law / rules / (续表) regulations 等) ban... altogether / strictly prohibit... condemn / denounce (这两个词一般用于政府类话题,但 不要 用在教育类) show an upward trend / be on therise 反义:show a downward trend hinge on = be contingent on (意思是:取决于 rely on (意思是:依靠……) cope with commit oneself to doing sth. / strive to do sth. / do one's utmost to do sth. / spare no effort to do sth. exhaust (energy / resources) / stretch (resources) to the limit )

289. 290. 291. 292. 293. 294. 295, 296.

ban criticize increase depend on depend on deal with do one's best to do sth. use up

297. 298. 299.

report the details of sth.

report sth, in graphic detail

prevent sb. from focusing distract sb. from… on… spend A on B ==dedicate A to B

300, 301. 302. 303. 304. 305. 306.

use too much … pour get used to die out continue to exist come with … broaden one's horizons

stretch... to the limit / put a strain on... discharge (_放,环境类话题常用,比如 discharge chemical waste into rivers,streams and lakes) get accustomed to go extinct persist be attended by / be accompanied by... expand one's outlook / enlarge one's vision ( broaden one's horizons 这个句型已经被考生使用过多惨遭贬值}

忙 27

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国内考生常用的表达 动词 307, 308, 309. 310. 311. break the law put sb. in prison make laws against … [相关]law make sth. active

更得分的表述方式

violate the law incarcerate sb. legislate against … legislation (名词,注意丨 aw 在特指具体的法律时可以用复 数,但是 leg 丨 slation 不能用复数) stimulate (后面经常跟 imagination / creativity / interest / economic growth 等词汇)

312. 313. 314+ 315. 316, 317, 318. 319. 320, 321. 322. 323. 324. 325.

make one's dream come true fulfill one's potential / attain one's goal have the right to do sth. lead to change in stick to deal with the need take…away from sb. give sb. the ability to get a clear idea of be lost spend too much time on prepare for … break the balance balance A and B catch 国内考生常用的表达 be entitled to do sth. act as a catalyst for change in". adhere to / cling to (注意后面这个有时候略带贬义) meet the demand / satisfy the need deprive sb, of …(省略号中可以填入 freedom / leisure time / the right to 等值得拥有的内容> enable sb. to get a clear perspective of go astray (作文中如果写青少年"误入歧途",就不要再写 get lost) be addicted to / be preoccupied with / be obsessed with (这三个 词组的语气越来越强) pave the way for…/ lay the groundwork for …/ lay a solid foundation for…(为…? ?打好基础> upset the balance strike a balance between A and B (在 A 和巳之间争取一种 平衡) capture 更得分的表述方式

动词

326. 327. 328, 329. 副词 330.

think of.,, as get rid of get rid of make …higher

regard... as / view…as / perceive…as eliminate / remove abolish (多用于政府类话题,废除) drive up (后面经常跟 the crime rate / unemployment rate)

more and more + adj.

increasingly +ac/y.但要注意如果后 ffi 不是 ad/.而是 noun, 那 么就可以用 an increasing number of (跟可数名词 )/ an increasing amount of (跟不可数名词)来代替 primarily / principally / chiefly Traditionally,…/ Historically,... ? currently -Technically,…(严格来说它的意思并不是"事实上", 但在学 术写作中它是一个表示"精确地说”非常棒的词汇) immediately rarely entirely

331, 332. 333. 334, 335. 336, 337. 338. 339, 340. 341. 342.

mainly In the old days,… now Actually,… very soon not often at all completely do sth. thought blindly only a little / a bit mainly without

carefuldo sth. impulsively indiscriminately (不力 0 选择的 > / mechanically (机械的) ^merely (注意只有 only 作副词的时候才可以替换) somewhat (注意只有 a little / a bit 后面跟形容词的时候才 可 以这样替换) primarily / principally / chiefly

短语或句型 343. 344. about before... 国内考生常用的表达 短语或句型 regarding / concerning / with respect to / with regard to prior to … 更得分的表述方式

345.

a few

a handful of (请注意仅指少数时 a couple of 容易被挑剔的 考 官判为过于□语化)

346.

Although … , the real Hypothetically,…/ Theoretically,…/ In theory / Ideally,... But in reality,…/ But in actuality,…/ But in practice,.. (Ideally 指 situation is … “理想化地说") Most young people… Young people tend to…=Young people typically... (tend to 和 typically 都是表示某一类人多半会怎样做的常用表达) is crying out for reform (固定短语) be brought to justice make a concerted effort to do sth. It is standard practice for sb, to… is predicated on... have no option but to…/ have no alternative but to... be worthwhile etc.(前面可加逗号) exceed / surpass grow dramatically /soar / rocket fall drastically / plunge / plummet considerably / substantially/ significantly higher marginally higher / slightly higher / fractionally higher

347.

348. 349. 350. 351. 352. 353, 354. 355. 356, 357. 358. 359, 360.

needs to be changed be punished by the law do sth. together It is common for sb. to,.. is based on … have no choice but to … be worth the effort and so on become more than grow fast fall fast much higher a little higher

361.

is closely connected with … is intrinsically linked to.,.

362. 363.

through on the whole 国内考生常用的表达

by way of (介词短语) overall 更得分的表述方式

短语或句型 364. because of due to / owing to (新托福作文中这两个词組后面经常是跟 负 面含义的名词) prior to

365.

before (B 寸间)

366.

in this aspect

in this regard/ in this respect (这里不是尊重的意思, 而是 指某 方面) notwithstanding (请注意这三个词都是后面必须紧跟名词或 者名词短语,而不可以直接跟从句)

367.

despite / in spite of

368,

in fact

as a matter of fact = in essence / essentially (in essence / essentially 的意思是“本质上“) apart from approximately It is evident that... sth. comes to a standstill be akin to,.,(学术写作中相当常见的句型) B is... A is equally... It is highly unlikely that... A has rendered B + adj. / n.(注意这里的宾语 B 后面只 能是跟形容词或者名词) A has prompted / impelled sb. to do sth.(注意这两个词 后面的 宾语之后不能省略 to)

369. 370. 371. 372. 373. 374. 375. 376.

besides about / around It is obvious that... sth. stops. be similar to... A is as... as B It is impossible that... A has made B + adj. / n.

377.

A has made B do sth.

378.

sth. does not always remain sth. is not carved in stone (某事物并非一成不变) the same. A high percentage of... The cause of.., is... The proportion of... is very high.( 的比例很高) can be attributed to / can be ascribed to...(可以归因

379. 380.

国内考生常用的表达 短语或句型 381, no matter

更得分的表述方式 regardless of / irrespective of (注意 no matter 后面一般跟 从 句, regardless of 和 irrespective of 后面多数时候跟名 词或 而 者名词短语)

382,

talking about. . . / speak ing in terms of…(经常用来限制一个命题的适用范围,比如 In of terms of culture, this city is fascinating. But in terms of traffic, it is inferior.)


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