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2016最新高考英语模拟试题(经典)


绝密★启用前

2016 年普通高等学校招生模拟仿真考试
英语
本试卷分第Ⅰ卷(选择题)和第Ⅱ卷(非选择题)两部分。考试结束后,将 本试卷和答题卡一并交回。

第Ⅰ卷 注意事项: 1. 答第Ⅰ卷前,考生务必将自己的姓名、准考证号填写在答题卡 上。 2. 选出每小题答案后,用铅笔把答题卡上对应题目的答案标号涂 黑。如需改动

,用橡皮擦干净后,再选涂其他答案标号。不能答在 本试卷上,否则无效。 第一部分 听力(共两节,满分 30 分) 做题时,先将答案标在试卷上。录音内容结束后,你将有两分钟 的时间将试卷上的答案转涂到答题卡上。
第一节(共 5 小题;每小题 1.5 分,满分 7.5 分) 听下面 5 段对话。每段对话后有一个小题,从题中所给的 A、B、C 三个选 项中选出最佳选项,并标在试卷的相应位置。听完每段对话后,你都有 10 秒 钟的时间来回答有关小题和阅读下一小题。每段对话仅读一遍。

第二节 (共 15 小题;每小题 1.5 分,满分 22.5 分) 听下面 5 段对话或独白。每段对话或独白后有几个小题,从题中所给的 A、 B、C 三个选项中选出最佳选项,并标在试卷的相应位置。听每段对话或独白 前,你将有时间阅读各个小题,每小题 5 秒钟;听完后,各小题将给出 5 秒钟 的作答时间。每段对话或独白读两遍。

听第 6 段材料,回答第 6 至 8 题。 6.What is the relationship between the two speakers? A.Classmates. B.Neighbors. C.Strangers.

7.What can’t the man wait to do? A.Go shopping with his wife. B.Look after his children. C.Work in his garden. 8.When does this conversation most probably take place? A.On Wednesday. B.On Friday. C.On Saturday.

听第 7 段材料,回答第 9 至 11 题。 9.What is the man trying to return to the store? A.A dress. B.A shirt. C.A sweater.

10.Why does the man want to return the item? A.It is the wrong size. B.It has a hole. C. It gets smaller and fades.

11.What does the woman offer to do for the man? A.Return his money. B.Exchange the item. C.Give him store credit.

听第 8 段材料,回答第 12 至 14 题。 12.What’s the relationship between the woman and the man? A.Teacher and student. B.Mother and son. C.Classmates.

13.Why didn’t the man come to the class last night? A.He came back late and his friend was tired. B.He had given it up. C.He had been writing reports all day long. 14.What can we know about the man? A.He is interested in learning foreign languages. B.He can communicate with his friends in English. C.He had studied the language before he came. 听第 9 段材料,回答第 15 至 17 题。 15.Why does the man feel bad? A.He is out of work. B.He isn’t used to the life there.

C.He has nobody else to talk to. 16.In what way is the woman speaking to the man? A.Disappointing. B.Exciting. C.Encouraging.

17.According to the dialogue,what is their last decision?

A.To look for a job together. 听第 10 段材料,回答第 18 至 20 题。

B.To have a visit.

C.To move to the island.

18.How many world’s flags contain red? A.70%. B.80%. C.85%.

19.Why do people dislike black? A.It means danger. B.It makes people not noticed. C.It makes people feel afraid. 20.Which of the following is NOT true according to the passage? A.Different colors have different meanings. B. Yellow is a very relaxing color and blue is a very calm color. C.People who wear gray want to cover themselves to all.

第二部分

阅读理解(共两节,满分 40 分)

第一节(共 15 小题:每小题 2 分,满分 30 分) 阅读下列短文,从每题所给的四个选项(A、B、C 和 D)中,选出最佳选项, 并在答题卡上将该项涂黑。 A

21. Why did Andy A. He was riding B. C. D. He He He was was was

fail to notice to school. to the a strange of his NOT

the

swarm

of

beesearlier?

listening lost going of in the the in

sound. the fishing trip.

thought with is

fishing

father. mentioned about the swa

22. Which rm of bees A. B. C. D. 23. They They They They How

following passage? like and a

crowded shocked tried made did to

black

cloud. Andy. in a mass. for the two end? days.

terrified Andy in the

attack stay avoid

Andy Andy

hospital bees in

A. B. C. D.

He He He He

asked did

Mr. himself into off

Nelson under the the

for the Nelson

help. water. house. direction.

rushed rode

in

opposite

B

24.What was railways? A. Small

the

problem along the

caused

by

the

construction abandoned.

of

the

towns

railways

became

B. C. D.

Some Land Land

railroad

stops

remained

underused.

in the West was hard to manage. grants went into private hands. the two development paragraphs? of alter

25. What is the major concern in native energy according to the last A. B. C. D. The The The The transmission use of money of an of power. and power.

conservation selection is the towards B. is the of

solar ideal

energy. place. plants? C. for Doubtful the the the Can Have D.Disapproving

26. What s attitude A. 27. A. B. C. D.

author? building

solar

Cautious Which How How How How the Solar the the

Approving best title

passage? West West Be Reduced Been Settled

Railways Energy Effects Problems

Have Could of of

Affected Reshape Plants

Power the

Highways

C

28.According e law mainly A. it is is was is

to the because only a

passage, ______. temporary and by

scientists measure thus on

are the

unhappy human to

with remains

th

B. it esearch C. it edge D. ns it

unreasonable introduced vague about

destructive

scientific their human

r

the

government and how to

without rebury

knowl remai

where

29. the

Which of passage?

the

following of the

statements two years

is will

true

according

to

A. Temporary extension ts enough time. B. Human remains appisburgh. C. Human remains ension of time. D. Scientists changed. 30. What can human remains? have be of will been

guarantee were dug despite can law it to

scientis out the hardly at H ext be

oldest to

species be that the not

have

reburied the law

warned about did

inferred of Justice 1857

British intend to

governing protect uncovered

A. The Ministry human remains. B. The Burial before 1857. C. The law t changed in D. The law.

Act

only

applied hasn? has might not be

remains

on human remains recent decades. of Justice following should should remains ancient be be

Ministry of the

done the the

enough best

about title of

the th

31. Which e passage? A. ds. B. New

discoveries time human bury

reburied, extended,

government

deman

Research on

scientists

require. authorit

C. Law ies say. D. Law warn.

needs

thorough for

discussion, ever,

could

secrets

archeologists

D

32. A. B. C. D. 33. A. B. C. D.

What Deep

can and

the

“conversations”

be

best

described

as?

one-on-one and and and mad inspiring encouraging of conversations”, anyone for a participants of time ______.

Sensitive Instant Ordinary In pair have ask wear a

“feast freely guided

with talk they

they like set of period would not

questions clothes

themselves

answer

reflecting

multi-racial

features.

34. In paragraph ?” is closest in A. B. C. D. they they they they would would would would

6, “they would be ?intimate meaning to “______”. physical in-depth close contact talk

have have be

friends basic we can information conclude that what Zeldin do

exchange passage, to

35. From the es is ______. A. B. C. D. an one a an attempt of try the to

promote

thinking

interaction ever conducted ideas freely

maddest liberate to give

activities people people from a

old-fashioned of

effort

chance

talking

第二节

(共 5 小题,每小题 2 分,满分 10 分) 根据短文内容,从短文后的选项中选出能填入空白处的最佳选项,选项

中有两项为多余选项。

36.________Scientists and experts have proved the uniqueness of fi ngerprints and discovered that no exactly similar pattern is passed o n from parents to children, though nobody knows why this is the case. The ridgestructure on a person's fingers does not change with growth and is not affected by surface injuries. Burns, cuts and other damag e to the outer part of the skin will be replaced in time by a new one , which bears a reproduction of the original pattern. 37.________Some criminals make use of this fact to remove their own fingerprints but this is a dangerous and rare step to take. Fingerprints can be made very easily with the printer's ink. They can be recorded easily.38.________ Because of the simplicity and econ omy of this system, fingerprints have often been used as a method of solving the criminal case. A suspected man may deny a charge but this may be in vain. 39.________ When a suspect leaves fingerprints behin d at the scene of a crime, they are difficult to detect with the nake d eye. 40.________ Some of the marks found are incomplete but identi

fication is possible if a print of a quarter of an inch square can be obtained. A.Special techniques are ngerprint is an impression used to “develop” them. of the ridge structure. skin is injured that B.A the fi ar

C.It is only when the inner rangement will be destroyed.

D.With special methods, identification can be essfully within a short time. E.Some criminals eir fingerprints at the scene of a crime. F.His fingerprints can prove rance has been changed by age G.Every human being has on his fingers and this who he is even or accident.

achieved succ may leave th if his appea skin

a unique arrangement of the arrangement is unchangeable

第三部分 英语知识运用
第一节 完形填空

(共两节, 满分 45)

(共 20 小题;每小题 1.5 分,满分 30 分) (A、B、C 和 D)中, 选出可以

阅读下面短文,从短文后各题所给的四个选项

填入空白处的最佳选项,并在答题卡上将该项涂黑。 Chemistry did not emerge as a science until after the sci entific revolution in the seventeenth century and then only rather slowly and laboriously. But chemical knowledge is as ___41___ as history, being almost entirely concerned with the practical arts of living. Cooking is essentially a chemical process; so is the ___42___ of metals and the administrati on of drugs and poisons. This basic chemical knowledge, whic h was applied in most cases as a rule of thumb, was never theless dependent on the ___43___ experiment. It also ___44__ _ to stimulate a fundamental curiosity about the processes t hemselves. New information was always being ___45___ as artis ans improved techniques to gain better results. The development of a scientific approach to chemistry was, ___46___, hampered by several factors. The most serious pro blem was the vast range of material available and the conse quent difficulty of organizing it into some system. ___47___, there were social and intellectual ___48___. Chemistry is n othing if not practical; those who practice it must use the

ir hands and they must have a certain practical flair. Yet in many ___49___ civilizations, ___50___ tasks were primaril y the province of a slave population. The thinker or philos opher stood apart from this mundane world, where the practic al arts appeared to ___51___ intellectual content or interest . The final problem for early chemical science was the eleme nt of ___52___. Experts in specific ___53___ had developed t heir own techniques and guarded their knowledge to prevent o thers from stealing their livelihood. Another factor that als o __54___ to secrecy was the esoteric ___55___ of the knowl edge of alchemists, who ___56___ to transform metals into go ld or were ___57___ with the hunt for the elixir that woul d bestow the blessing of eternal life. In one sense, the s econd of these was the more serious impediment ___58___the r ecords of the chemical processes that early alchemists had _ __59___ were often written down in symbolic language intellig ible to very few or in symbols that were ___60___ obscure. 41. 42. 43. 44. 45. 46. 47. 48. 49. lived 50. 51. 52. 53. 54. 55. 56. 57. 58. 59. A. A. A. A. A. A. A. A. A. A. A. A. A. A. A. A. A. A. A. old B. interesting C. instructive D. mysterious purchasing B. melting C. selling D. storing seccessful B. later C. previous D. valid served B. intended C. analyzed B. leaked C. requested D. decided gained D. input

therefore B. however C. instead D. furthermore Certainly B. Consequently C. Otherwise D. Additionly difficulties B. advantages C. standards D. adjustmts modern B. ancient C. religious D. shorttheoretical B. demanding C. pleasant D. reveal B. lack C. include D. reduce practical

secrecy B. freedom C. development D. popularity states B. communities C. cities D. trades objected B. stuck C. contributed D. belonged nature B. structure C. explanation D. usage pretended B. happened C. tried D. pleaded bored though hated B. B. B. satisfied because C. C. pleased until D. D. concerned

unless D. discovered

ignored C.

discussed

60.

A.

purposely

B.

accidentally

C.

hardly

D.

occasionally

第 II 卷 注意事项: 用 0.5 毫米黑色笔迹的签字笔将答案写在答题卡上。写在本试卷 上无效。 第三部分 英语知识运用(共两节,满分 45 分)
第二节(共 10 小题;每小题 1.5 分,满分 15 分) 阅读下面材料,在空白处填入适当的内容(1 个单词)或括号内单词的的正确形 式。 The Internet is an amazing information resource. Students, teachers, and researchers use it as __61_ investigative tool. Journalists use it to find information for stories. Doctors use it to learn more about unfamiliar diseases and the 62 _ (late) medical development. Ordinary people use it for sho pping, banking, billpaying, and communicating with family and friends. People all over the world use it to connect with individuals from _63 countries and cultures. However, __64__ __there are many positive developments __65__ (associate) with the Internet, there are also certain fears and concerns. _ _66___ concern relates to a lack of control over__67__ appea rs on the Internet. With television and radio there are edi tors to check the accuracy or appropriateness of the content of programs, and with television there are 38 (restrict) o n what kinds of programs can __69__ (broadcast) and at what times of the day. With the Internet, parents cannot check a published guide to determine what is suitable __70____ t heir children to see

第四部分 写作 (共两节, 满分 35 分)

第一节

短文改错

(共 10 小题;每小题 1 分,满分 10

分)

假定英语课上老师要求同桌之间交换修改作文, 请你修改你同桌写的以下 作文。文中共有 10 处语言错误,每句中最多有两处。每处错误仅涉及一个单词 的增加、删除或修改。 增加: 在缺词处加一个漏字符号(∧),并在其下面写出该加的词。 )划掉。 并在该词下面写出修改后的词。 删除: 把

多余的词用斜线( \ 修改: 注意:

在错词下划一横线, 1. 2.

每处错误及其修改均仅限一词; 只允许修改 10 处, 多者(从第 11 处起)不计分。

Dear

David,

I'm writing this letter to express my sincerely apologies to you for lose the book you lent to me. I'm very grate ful you lent it to me. In order to give it back to you as soon as possible, I took it to the library yesterday. I also borrow some other books in the library after I le ft. Unluckily, when I arrived my dormitory, I couldn't find my book. I searched all the my dormitory or the road fro m the dormitory to the library. The next day I also looked for it in the library. However, I couldn't find your book . I'm sorry I can't give it back to you on time as I promised ago. But I will buy a new one for you later. H ope you can receive my apologies. Yours Sincerely, Li Lei

第二节

书面表达

(满分 25 分)

假定你是李华,你正准备参加辩论赛,辩题为“将英语退出高考可行吗”。请 写一篇辩论稿。概要如下:a.你是正方还是反方 b.辩词有理有据

注意: 1. 词数 100 左右;

2.

可以适当增加细节,以使行文连贯;

附答题卡:



II

卷(共 50 分)

第一节:语篇填空(共 10 小题,每小题 1.5 分,满分 15 分) 61.____________________ 62.___________________ ___ 64.__________________ 65.____________________ 66.___________________ ___ 68.__________________ 69._____________________ 63._______________ 67._______________

70.________________________

本卷难度指数:★★★☆☆ 本卷有本校内部资料,有知识产权保护。


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