★ 纯空格——介词，副词， 冠词，代词，连词（包括从句引导词） 。 纯空格题的解题技巧 1. 当句子缺主语或宾语时，一定填名词或代词（多考代词） 2. 名词前没有限定词（冠词、形容词性物主代词，不定代词）填限定词 3. 介词的使用要注意搭配和上下文语境提示（如动词与介词的搭配，介词与后面名词的搭配等） 。 4. 当空格前后都是句子且这两个句子之间没有连词，也没
有分号或句号时，填连词 ★ 有提示词——谓语动词，非谓语动词，词性转换。 有提示词的解题技巧 1. 当句子缺少谓语动词时，括号中的动词就是谓语动词 （注意时态和语态） 2. 当句中已有谓语动词，与括号中的动词不是并列谓语时，用非谓语动词 3. 词类转化——当空格处所需词类与括号中所给词的词类不同时，就需要词类转化 解题四步走：通读全文，理解大意/ 分析句子，确定词性/ 根据语义，确定词形/检查搭配，前后连贯 [记叙文]
【1】 Tony and I are good friends. We tried to walk across the United States of America. We were not exactly sure ___1___ we were doing it. Part of it was ___2___ (test) ourselves, to see if we could face the challenges. When I was __3__ teenager I often daydreamed that I __4__ (will) walk across the United States after I graduated from high school. __5__ , I didn ’t do that. Before I knew it I was in my __6__ (thirty), married, had a job, yet still had this idea in my mind with each __7__ (pass) year. I figured I was too old and my opportunity had passed. Then, a few years ago, I met Tony, who was in his thirties and quit his job as a civil engineer in New York City to walk across the United States. He wasn’t doing it for a cause __8__ as part of an organization. He was doing it __9__ (simple) because he loved to walk and discover. The idea was back and I no longer had an excuse. We planned on averaging 20 miles a day and taking some days off to rest, so we expected the walk to take about 6 months realizing it could take __10__ (long). We were in no hurry: The total distance would have been about 3,100 miles. 【2】 Near China’s northern borders lived a man who was well versed(精通) in the practices of Taoism(道教). His horse, __1__ no reason at all, got into the territory of the northern tribes. Everyone felt sorry for __2__. “Perhaps this will soon turn out to be a __3__ (bless),” he said. After a few months, his horse came back, __4__ (lead) a fine horse from the north. Everyone congratulated him. “Perhaps this will soon turn out to be a cause of __5__ (fortune),” he said. Since he was well-off and kept good horses, his son became fond of riding and __6__ (eventual) broke his leg falling from a horse. Everyone commiserated(同情) with him. “__7__ am I sad? Perhaps this will soon turn out to be a blessing,” he said. One year __8__ (late), the northern tribes started a big invasion of the border regions. All able-bodied young men took up arms and __9__ (fight) against the invaders, and as a result, around the border nine out of ten men died. __10__, this man ’s son did not join in the fighting because he was crippled(残疾的) and so both the man and his son survived. 【3】Two little children were sitting by the fire one could winter ’s night. Suddenly, they heard a knock at the door. “Who can it be?” they wondered. One ran __1__ (curious) to open it. There, outside in the cold and the darkness, stood a child __2__ no shoes on his feet and clad( 穿……的衣
服) in old thin garments. He was __3__ (tremble) with cold, and he asked to come in and warm himself. “Yes, come,” cried both the children. They drew the little stranger to their warm seat, shared their supper with him, and gave him their bed, and they slept on __4__ hard bench. On the night, they __5__ (awake) by sweet music, which was played by a band of children in shining garments. Suddenly the stranger child stood before __6__ : no longer cold and ragged, but clad in silvery light. He said, “I am the Christ Child, __7__ (wander) through the world to bring peace and __8__ (happy) to good children as you. As you have helped me so much, this tree will give rich fruit to you every year.” As he was saying that, he broke a branch from the tree that grew near the door, and planted it in the ground and disappeared. But __9__ branch grew into a great tree, and every year it bore __10__ (wonder) golden fruit for the kind children. 【4】 Jane: I’m so excited about the coming summer vacation. I have made all the arrangements( 安 排) for __1__. David: __2__ are you planning to do then? Jane: Well, my family and I have considered a trip for Hawaii. We have been talking about going there for years, and we finally went to an agent(代理商) and __3__ (plan) the whole thing out. David: Wow! That does sound __4__ (excite). Jane: How about you? What ’s your plan? David: I haven’t got any plans to travel. __5__ fact, I intend(打算) to have a part-time job __6__ (save) a little money for next year. Jane: That doesn’t sound too bad either. David: You know, I __7__ (real) want to buy a new computer next semester, so I have to save as __8__ money as possible. Jane: Yeah, I remember your telling me that before. David: I don’t want my parents to pay for it. I’d feel better about it __9__ I buy it with my own money. Jane: Sounds like you have __10__ goal this summer. [说明文] 【5】America is growing older. Fifty years ago, only 4 out of every 100 people in the United States were 65 or older. Today, 10 out of every 100 Americans are __1__ 65. The aging of the population will affect American society in many ways — education, medicine, and business. __2__ (quiet), the graying of America has made us a very different society — one in which people have a quite different idea of what kind of behavior is __3__ (suit) at various ages. A person ’s age no longer tells you anything about his/her position, __4__ (marry) or health. There’s no longer a particular year __5__ one goes to school or goes to work or gets married or starts a family. The social clock that __6__ (keep) us on time and told us when to go to school, get a job, or stop working isn’t as strong as it used __7__ (be). It doesn’t surprise us to hear of a 25-year-old university president or a 35-year-old grandmother, or __8__ 80-year-old man who has become a father for the first time. Public ideas are changing. Many people say, “I am much __9__(young) than my mother — or my father — was at my age.” No one says “Act your age” any more. We’ve stopped __10__ (look) with surprise at older people who act in youthful ways.
【6】 Great changes have taken place in American family life because of the development of science and industry. In the past, when more __1__ (American) lived on farms, a typical family __2__ (have) many children. In a family, parents and their children often lived __3__ grandparents. Often, too, uncles and aunts lived nearby. __4__ when industry became more important than agriculture in American life, families became smaller __5__ industry requires workers __6__ are ready and able to move off the land and to move again whenever necessary. And large families cannot move __7__ (easy) from place to place as smaller families do. So people tend to have smaller families nowadays. In the future, because of industrialization, families will __8__ (require) to move even more frequently, and will be even smaller. A typical family may remain __9__ (child) and consists of a man and a woman only. A small number of families may take child-raising as their chief work. At the same time they may also raise other people’s children, __10__ (leave) those families free to move from place to place. [议论文] 【7】There is a suitcase for you with a million US dollars in. The suitcase __1__ (place) in a building about one hour ’s driving away from you. The condition is that you need to get there within two hours. If you do, I will give you __2__ suitcase with a million US dollars. Or if you are late for only one minute, you will get nothing. __3__ would you start out? Many would say:”Now.” Will you? Now you set out. You hurry into your car, start __4__, and drive for the building. You are so __5__ (excite) and wonder what to do with the one million US dollars. All of a sudden, you are stopped by the traffic jam. You turn on the radio and find there is no way __6__ (get) there because of the accident on your way. What will you do next? Go back? __7__ step out of your car, and go to the building on foot (running or employ a helicopter or other ways)? If you are on the way to the dentist ’s office and there is a traffic jam, surely you will turn back and make another __8__ (appoint). Why is there __9__ (differ) between these two things? Because of the destination. If it is quite important for you, you will conquer it, regardless of any hardship; or if it is not so serious, you may give it up when you have difficulty. Therefore, the best way to face the __10__ (difficult) is to make the thing a business. 【8】 A father was asking his son in Grade Three: ”We cannot find the star in the shady night. Is it not there?” His son answered with a clear-cut accent: “No”. The father asked again:” Then why we cannot see any stars?” His son replied: “ The clouds hide __1__ .” Again the father asked: “ There is no star in the __2__ (sun) daytime. Where are they? ” Hesitated, his son seemed __3__ (have) no idea to respond. For a moment, the father said: “ __4__ (actual) there are many stars staying in __5__ universe. It is just that we cannot see them with our eyes.” His son asked __6__ (curious): “Why?” Thinking for a while, the father answered: “Because the sunlight is too intense, and it shades the stars’ light.” The same goes to many things in our lives. The intense light of one person may not only shade his own faults but also the excellences of the persons around him and makes __7__ difficult for others __8__ (identify) the facts besides him. This is not the problem of one’s eyes, __9__ the intense light. In most cases, the intense light is a wall, __10__ that we cannot see and stride( 跨越) with our eyes. Not only can it confuse our normal eyes, but also block our normal sight.
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