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江苏省兴化市板桥高级中学高二年级英语寒假作业 三:Unit3 牛津译林版必修5


(模块五

单元三)

(作业用时:100 分钟 ) 一、单项选择 (共 15 小题;每小题 1 分,满分 15 分) 1.---Tom, would you like to come to our dinner party? ---_____ ___. A.Yes, I would B.Yes, with pleasure C.No, I

can’t D.Sure, it’s my pleasure 2.The visitors couldn’t help _______ by the beauty of the Great Wall. A. being attracted B.attracted C.to be attracted D.attracting 3.The students were sitting in the classroom with their eyes on the teachers. A.fixing B.fixed C.were fixed D.being fixed 4.___________ good, this kind of fruit sells very well in our city. A. Taste B. Being tasted C. Tasting D. Having been tasted 5 . The _______look on his face suggested that he _______ that he would fail in the Maths test. A. surprising; wouldn’t expect B. surprising; hadn’t expected C. surprised; hadn’t expected D. surprised; shouldn’t expect 6.___________ the technical worker has limited knowledge, he has a lot of experience. A. Unless B. While C. As D. Since 7.Every minute is made full ___________ of ___________ our lessons. A. use; to study B. use; studying C. useful; to study D. to use; study 8.You never imagine what trouble I have had ________your house. It took me nearly 2 hours. A. to find B. finding C. found D. for finding 9.As these products are not selling ___________, the members of the board have decided to ___________ production. A. good; cut off B. well; cut back on C. well; cut off D. good; cut back on 10. Does the way you thought of___the water clean make any sense? A. making B. to make C. how to make D. having made 11. In order not to be disturbed, I spent three hours__in my study. A. locking B. to lock C. being locked D. locked 12. You will find the word “psychology” ____under “P” in your dictionary. A. have listed B. list C. listed D. listing 13. Sandy could do nothing but ___to his mother that he was wrong. A. admitting B. admits C. to admit D. admit 14. __to sunlight for too much time will do harm to one’s skin. A. Exposed B. Having exposed C. Being exposed D. After being exposed 15. —— Why was a special meeting called? —— ___a new chairman. A. To elect B. Electing C. Our electing D . Elected 二、完型填空 (共 20 小题;每小题 1 分,满分 20 分)

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What is your favourite (16) _____? Do you like yellow, orange, and red? If you do, you must be an optimist(乐观者), a leader, an active person who enjoys life, meeting people and (17) _____. Do you prefer gray and blue? Then you are (18) _____ quiet, shy and you’d rather (19) _____ than lead. You tend to be a pessimist(悲观者). Colours (20) _____ our moods(心情), there is no doubt about it. A yellow room (21) _____ most people feel more cheerful and more (22) _____ than a dark green one. It seems that a red dress brings warmth and cheer to the saddest winter day. (23) _____ the other hand, black is depressing. A black bridge (24) _____ the River Thames, near London, used to be the scene of more suicides than (25) _____ bridge in the area until it (26) _____ green. The number of suicide attempts immediately fell sharply; perhaps it (27) _____ even more if the bridge had been done (28) _____ pink or baby blue. Light and (29) _____ colours make people (30) _____ happier but (31) _____. It is an established fact (32) _____ factory workers work (33) _____ and have (34) _____ accidents when their machines are painted orange rather (35) _____ black or dark gray. 16. A. game 17. A. friends 18. A. probably 19. A. go forward 20. A. influenced 21. A. causes 22. A. relaxed 23. A. At 24. A. on 25. A. other 26. A. painted 27. A. would have fallen 28. A. with 29. A. dark 30. A. only 31. A. active 32. A. which 33. A. harder 34. A. little B. colour B. parents B. possible B. come B. don’t influence B. gets B. relax B. For B. over B. any other B. is repainted B. will tall B. by B. bright B. not B. more quiet B. how B. more hardly B. less C. idea C. excite C. sure C. follow C. do influence C. calls C. nervous C. By C. cross C. any C. got C. would fall C. in C. clear C. much C. more active C. this C. ever hard C. fewer D. friend D. excitement D. better D. think D. effect D. makes D. worried D. On D. through D. the other D. was repainted D. fell D. to D. good D. not only D. much active D. that D. however D. more

35. A. to B. than C. for D. not 三、阅读理解 (共 15 小题;每小题 2 分,满分 30 分) A We find that bright children are seldom held back by mixed-ability teaching. On the contrary, both their knowledge and experience are enriched. We feel that there are many disadvantages in streaming(按能力分班) pupils. It does not take into account(考虑) the fact that children develop at different rates. It can have a bad effect on both the bright and the not-so-bright children. After all, it can be quite discouraging to be at the bottom of the top grade. Besides, it is rather unreal to grade people just according to their intellectual ability. This is only one aspect of their total personality. We are concerned to develop the abilities of all our pupils to the full, not just their academic ability. We also value personal qualities and social skills, and we find that mixed-ability teaching contributes to all these aspects(方面) of learning.
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In our classrooms, we work in various ways. The pupils often work in groups: this gives them the opportunity to learn to co-operate, to share, and to develop leadership skills. They also learn how to cope with personal problems as well as learning how to think, to make decisions, to analyze and evaluate(评估), and to communicate effectively. The pupils learn from each other as well as from the teacher. Sometimes the pupils work in pairs; sometimes they work on individual tasks and assignments, and they can do this at their own speed. They also have some formal class teaching when this is appropriate. We encourage our pupils to use the library, and we teach them the skills they need in order to do this efficiently. An advanced pupil can do advanced work: it does not matter what age the child is. We expect our pupils to do their best, not their least, and we give them every encouragement to reach this goal. 36. By “held back” (Para. 1) the author means “________”. A. made to remain in the same classes B. forced to study in the lower classes C. drawn to their studies D. prevented from advancing 37. The author argues that a teacher’s chief concern should be the development of the students’ ______. A. personal qualities and social skills B. total personality C. intellectual ability D. learning ability and communicative skills 38. Which of the following is NOT mentioned in the third paragraph? A. Group work gives pupils the opportunity to learn to work together with others. B. Pupils also learn to develop their reasoning abilities. C. Group work provides pupils with the opportunity to learn to be capable organizers. D. Pupils also learn how to take part in teaching activities. 39. The author’ s purpose in writing this passage is to _______. A. argue for teaching bright and not-so-bright pupils in the same class B. recommend pair work and group work for classroom activities C. offer advice on the proper use of the library D. emphasize(强调) the importance of proper formal classroom teaching B When asked to point out one or two things that are most important to themselves, many put friends ahead of homes, jobs, clothes and cars. A true friendship carries a long history of experience that determines who we are and keeps us connected. It is a treasure we should protect. Unfortunately, the better friends you are, the more probably you’ll have disagreements. And the result can be what you don’t want-an end to the relationship. The good news is that most troubled friendships can be mended. First, don’t let your pride get in your way. Most of us can forgive each other when differences are brought out in the open. Second, apologize when you’re wrong – even if you’ve been wronged. Over the course of a friendship, even the best people make mistakes. Sometimes, it may be best if the wronged person takes the lead and apologizes. When you apologize, give your friend a chance to admit that he has been wrong. Third, see things from your friend’s point of view. And finally, accept that friendships change as our needs and lifestyles change. Making friends can sometimes seem easy. The hard part is keeping the connections strong during the natural ups and downs that have an effect on all relationships. My suggestion: Consider friendship an honor and a gift, and worth the
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effort to treasure and nurture(培养). 40.What would be the best title for the text? A. Easy Ways to Make Friends C. How to Mend a Troubled Friendship A. who has been mistaken for another C. who has treated friends badly A. we have much in common C. we treat our disagreements wisely A. Stick to our own points of view. C. Make an apology first.
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B. Ups and Downs in Friendship D. How to Take the Lead in Making Friends . B. who has been blamed unfairly D. who has admitted his mistakes . B. we know our friends’ mistakes D. we have known one another for long B. Avoid making mistakes. D. Change our lifestyles.

41.The “wronged person” underlined in the text refers to a person

42.According to the text a friendship can last long only if

43.What should we do if we follow the author’s second suggestion?

C During the 19 century scientists found that when certain parts of the brain of man were injured, he would lose the power to do something. And so people thought that each part of the brain did a different job. But modern research has found out that this is not so, for it is not easy to say exactly what each part of the brain does. In the past fifty years, there has been a great increase in the amount of research done on the brain. Chemists and biologists have discovered that the way the brain works was not so simple as people in general may think. Chemists tell us that, 1, 000, 000 chemical changes take place in the brain every second. Some recent researches also suggest that we can remember EVERYTHING that happens to us. We may not be able to recall the things we’ve heard and seen, but they are all kept there in the storehouse of the mind. Earlier scientists thought that the power of one’s brain got weaker and weaker as one grow older. But it is now thought that it is not true. As long as the brain is given plenty of exercise, it keeps its power. It has been made sure that an old person who has always been active in the mind has a quicker mind than a young man who has done some physical work without using much of his brain. The more work we give our brains, the more work they’re able to do. 44. Now the scientists have found that __________. A. a certain part of a man’s brain does a job B. if a man’s brain is injured, he can’t do anything C. it’s difficult to conclude what each part of a man’s brain does D. the brain is more powerful than any other parts of a man’s body 45. Some recent researches suggest that __________. A. a man’s brain can store all the things in the world B. no one can recall everything he has heard and seen C. not everyone can recall all the things he has heard and seen D. anybody has a house of the mind 46. Which of the following is true according to the passage? A. The older a man grows, the stronger his brain gets. B. The younger a man is, the more quickly his brain works.
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C. The more active his brain is, the more quickly his brain works. D. The more work a man does, the more quickly his brain works. D Life is difficult. It is a great truth because once we truly understand and accept it, then life is no longer difficult. Most do not fully see this truth. Instead they complain about their problems and difficulties as if life should be easy. It seems to them that difficulties represent a special kind of suffering especially forced upon them or else upon their families, their class, or even their nation. What makes life difficult is that the process of facing and solving problems is a painful one. Problems, depending on their nature, cause us sadness or loneliness or regret or anger or fear. These are uncomfortable feelings, often as painful as any kind of physical pain. And since life causes an endless series of problems, life is always difficult and is full of pain as well as joy. Yet, it is in this whole process of solving problems that life has its meaning. Problems are the serious test that tells us success from failure. When we desire to encourage the growth of human spirit, we encourage the human ability to solve problems, just as in school we set problems for our children to solve. It is through the pain of meeting and working out problems that we learn. As Benjamin Franklin said, “Those things that hurt, instruct.” It is for this reason that wise people learn not to fear but to welcome the pain of problems. 47. From the passage, it can be inferred that __________. A. everybody has problems B. we become stronger by meeting and solving the problems of life C. life is difficult because our problems bring us pain D. people like to complain about their problems 48. The writer probably used just one short sentence in the first paragraph to __________. A. save space B. persuade readers C. make readers laugh D. get reader’s attention 49. The main idea of Paragraph 3 is that __________. A. Most people feel life is easy. B. the writer feels life is easy C. the writer likes to complain about his problems D. most people complain about how hard their lives are 50. The underlined saying from Benjamin Franklin “Those things that hurt, instruct” suggests that __________. A. we do not learn from experience B. we do not learn when we are pain C. pain teaches us important lessons D. pain cannot be avoided 四、单词拼写 (共 10 小题;每小题 0.5 分,满分 5 分) 51. Although he researches cloning, his i________ has never been to create copies of humans. 52. Don’t worry too much. Everything has returned to _____________(正常). 53. If technology permits, the woman will consider ______________(克隆) a baby of her own. 54. The heated discussion eventually turned into a horrible a______________ and they didn’t reach an agreement. 55. Measures must be taken to protect the e________ animals, or they’ll die out in the near future.
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56. Boys and girls have different a____________ towards friendship. 57. I believe that human cloning is totally i________________. 58. If we interfere with nature ,we will have to deal with the c______________. 59. Even though this use of cloning is causing a lot of a_____________, it is good news for Faye Wilson, a 41-year-old saleswoman who cannot have a baby . 60. Would anyone say that economic development should be stopped in f_______ of nature? 五、任务型阅读(共 10 小题;每小题 1 分,满分 10 分) 请认真阅读下列短文,并根据所读内容在文章后表格的空格处里填入最恰 当的单词。注意:每个空格填 1 个单词。 Intense physical exercise is not the only way to better health. Studies show that walking several times a week can lower the risk of many diseases. They include heart disease, stroke, diabetes 糖尿病) bone loss, arthritis (关节炎) and depression. Walking also can help you lose ( , , weight. Fast walking is good for the heart. It lowers the blood pressure. It raises the amount of good cholesterol (胆固醇) in the blood. Researchers say walking can sharply reduce the risk of suffering a heart attack. Studies have also shown that walking for 30 minutes a day can delay and possibly prevent the development of diabetes. People who are overweight have an especially high risk to develop this disease. Walking strengthens the muscles and builds up the bones that they are attached to. Studies show that walking could decrease the risk of developing osteoporosis. (骨质疏松) Walking can also help ease the pain of arthritis in areas where bones are joined. This is because walking strengthens the muscles around the bones. Experts say walking is one of the safest ways to exercise. There is a low risk of injuries. So it is good for people who are starting an exercise program for the first time and for older people. A walking program is easy to start. You should wear loose clothes and good shoes. There are shoes that are designed especially for lots of walking. How fast should you walk? For the best effect, doctors say you should walk fast enough to cause you to breathe hard. Yet you should still be able to talk. Let your arms move freely while you walk. There are no rules to starting a walking program. You might walk short distances. Or you might walk up hills to strengthen your leg muscles. Health experts say you can gain the most from a walking program if you walk at about five kilometers an hour for 30 minutes a day. You should do this about five times a week. Walking to (61) _________fit (62) __________ of walking Superiorities to other exercises Being (65) _____________ than many other ways of exercise, especially for beginners or (66) Tips to walkers Wear loose clothes and good shoes. Walk fast enough to cause you to breathe with (68) ___________________but still able to talk.

Reducing the risk of a heart attack Lowering the blood pressure Raising good cholesterol

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Controlling the development of diabetes Helping you (63) ____________weight Decreasing the risk of osteoporosis and arthritis Strengthening the muscles (64) ___________up the bones Lowering the risk of other diseases, such as stroke, depression and etc.

_____________ Being easy to start (67) __________ rules

Walk with your arms _____________ freely.

(69)

Walk at a (70) _________of about 5 kilometers an hour for 30 minutes a day and 5 times a week.

六、书面表达 (20 分) 你班同学组织了一场讨论。讨论的主题是:城市内是否可以饲养宠物。请你根据下表所 提供的信息,介绍讨论情况,并说明自己的观点或建议。 反对饲养宠物的同学认为 1. 造成环境污染 2. 吵闹,甚至伤人 3. 养宠物需要花钱 支持饲养宠物的同学认为 1. 安慰孤寡老人 2. 人与动物和谐相处,增添生活情趣 3. 促进人们体育锻炼,提供人与人交流的机会

注意:词数 120 左右。(开头已为你写好,不计入总词数) Recently we have had a heated discussion on whether people should keep pets at home in cities. _______________________________________________________________________________ _______________________________________________________________________________ _______________________________________________________________________________ _______________________________________________________________________________ _______________________________________________________________________________ _______________________________________________________________________________ _______________________________________________________________________________ _______________________________________________________________________________ _______________________________________________________________________________ _______________________________________________________________________________ _______________________________________________________________________________ _______________________________________________________________________________ _______________________________________________________________________________

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高二年级英语寒假作业(三) 答 案
2012 年 1 月 21 日--1 月 22 日完成

二、完型填空 (共 20 小题;每小题 1 分,满分 20 分) 整篇文章讲述的是颜色对心情的影响。 16.选 B。文章后面有提到。 17.选 D。用排除法。 18.选 A。 19.选 C。前文提到喜欢黄色等颜色的人肯定是个领导者,那么喜欢灰色的人很有可能是追 随者。 20.选 C。do influence 表示强调,的确影响了。 21.选 D。 22.选 A。 23.选 D。On the other hand 表示“另一方面” 。 24.选 B。over 表示“在桥的上方” 。 25.选 B。any other 表示“任何其他的桥” 。 26.选 D。 27.选 A。虚拟语气,要是那座桥漆成粉红色的话,那自杀的事件就会更少了。 28.选 C。 29.选 B。 30.选 D。后面有 but, not only…but also 的结构。 31.选 C。 32.选 D。It is a fact that… 33.选 A。 34.选 C。

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35.选 B。 三、阅读理解 (共 15 小题;每小题 2 分,满分 30 分) A 篇文章 讲述按成绩分班存在很多不足之处。 36.选 D。可以根据 On the contrary, both their knowledge and experience are enriched.推断出 held back 的意思。 37.选 B。We also value personal qualities and social skills 得知 A 不全面。 This is only one aspect of their total personality.得出 B。 Besides, it is rather unreal to grade people just according to their intellectual ability.排 除 C。 38.选 D。the opportunity to learn to co-operate 排除 A;to communicate effectively 排除 B;to develop leadership skills 排除 C。

四、单词拼写 (共 10 小题;每小题 0.5 分,满分 5 分) 51.intention 52. normal 53. cloning 54. argument 55. endangered 56. attitudes 57. immoral 58.consequences 59. anxiety 60. favor 五、任务型阅读(共 10 小题;每小题 1 分,满分 10 分) 61. keep 62. Advantages 63. lose 64. Building 65. safer 66.elders 67.without 68.difficulty 69. moving 70. speed 六、书面表达 (20 分) (One Possible version ) Recently we have had a heated discussion on whether people should keep pets at home in cities. Some students think it’s a good idea to keep pets because many old people who live alone at home can get some comfort from pets. Besides, getting along well with animals will make our life interesting. People who owns pets will have more chances to walk, thus giving them a time to communicate with others. On the contrary, the other students are against the idea. In their opinion, if too many people keep pets at home, it is bad for the environment. What is worse, some pets may make too much noise and even attack people. In addition, it costs a lot of money
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to keep pets. I like animals, so I don’t think it’s bad to keep pets at home. But we must take some measures to prevent them from polluting our environment.

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