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2013广东高考英语试题之我见


蒋勋建

忠良教育

浅析 2013 年普通高等学校招生全国统一考试(广东卷)英语 蒋勋建 (一) 浅析 2013 年普通高等学校招生全国统一考试(广东卷)英语之题型 今年 6 月 8 日下午 5 点过广东高考刚一结束,我的学生就对我说: “今年高考题怪怪的…” 。究竟怎么 “怪怪的”呢?我们来看看广东高考英语试卷吧! 一.完形填空。 1.

“第一题”问题 广东高考英语第一题今年在前后两三句找不到答案或答案的提示 (影子) 要通读全篇才能得出答 , 案“C.change 变化” 。而 2010 年广东高考英语第 21 题(2010 年广东高考英语尚未【人机对话】1-20 题是听力题共 20 小题 30 分)的答案 A. different 在后面第八个字 differences 就得到了相当直接的提 示——“门的不同功能和不同用途导致了文化的不同” ,两个“不同”很有助于解题;2011 年广东高 考英语第一题答案“C.arguments”可从第四个字“argued”中得到;2012 年广东高考英语第一题答案 “A.kind(亲善) ”可从第三句中的“hurt or bully 伤害与凌辱”中获取。可见,广东高考考委英语命 题专家的命题艺术在提升,命题技巧也在升华。 2. 从命题之考点来看。 1)本题今年完形填空考了四个动词:1.notice 注意到。2.return 返回。3.fool 忽悠。4.repeated(考 了被动语态)反复。 2). 本题今年完形填空考了四个名词: 1.change 变化。 2.difference 区别。 3.idea 主意 4.ability 能力。 3)本题今年完形填空考了一个形容词:small 小(面积、范围)的 4)本题今年完形填空考了四个副词:1surprisingly 惊人地。2.generally 总是, 总的来说..。3.finally 最后,终于 4.often 经常,老是(频率副词) 。 5. 本题今年完形填空考了一个现在分词:amazing 作 number sense 的定语——“惊人的数感” 。 6 本题今年完形填空考了一个过去分词:gone(一去不复返的)作 all men 的表语. 二.语法填空 1)16.found 考查时态——动词 find 的过去时。 2)17.nor 考查连词 nerther…nor…既不…也不… 3) 18.why 考查固定搭配 why not + 原动=why don/t you + 原动, 意为 “为什么不 (做) …呢?” , 即“征询对方的意见” 。 4)19.reasonable 考查“词性转换”——名词转换成形容词作定语,修饰限制 thing,即作 thing 的定语——“有道理的事情” 。 5)20.who 考查“非限制性定语从句引导词指人只能用 who” 6)21.at 考查介词的用法。 “以… 的价格(速度) ”用介词“at” 。 7)22.to 考查介词的用法。 “向…表达、表示…”——”show…to…” 8) .23.possibly 考查 “词性转换” ——形容词转换成副词作壮语, 修饰限制”destroy”, 即作”destroy” 的壮语——“可能毁灭” 。 9)24.a 考查冠词“a/ an/ the”的用法。 10)25.thinking 考查“分词的用法” thinking 作伴随状语,伴随“如是之思考…” 。 总之,本题难度适中。我的学生好多都是满分,当然我也是满分。特别是每年必考的冠词、连词 (关连词 nor) 、时态、语态、非谓语动词等等都恰如好处地考查了。但是,有两个地方鄙人有所看法。 第一,本题考查了两个“词性转换” ,即:19.reasonable 考查“词性转换”和 23.possibly 考查“词性 转换” 。这是不是有所不妥?!是不是有悖于“同一考点不宜在同一考题上考多次”的考纲原则?! 第二,本题考查了两个介词, “21.at 考查介词的用法。 ”和 “22.to 考查介词的用法。 这是不是 ”

中国广东珠海忠良教育

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蒋勋建

忠良教育

也有所不妥?!是不是也有悖于“同一考点不宜在同一考题上考多次”的考纲原则?! 三.阅读理解 阅读理解难易适中,学生反应尚好。不过,C 段阅读理解是我们给学生训练过的原题! 四.信息比配 今年的信息比配题出得很好,符合学生的基本情况。 五.基础写作和读写任务 今年的“基础写作和读写任务题”命题人选材精妙,可见之“精思竭虑” ,符合锤炼学生的英语 写作能力。但是,读写任务我们的学生也训练过非常接近的英语作文题目! 我们在这里向广东高考英语命题专家们道一声: “你们辛苦了!!谢谢你们!! ! !” (二) 2013 年普通高等学校招生全国统一考试(广东卷)英语 第一节 完型填空 Number sense is not the ability to count. It is the ability to recognize a 1 in number. Human beings are born with this ability. 2 , Experiments show that many animas are, too. For example, many birds have good number sense. If a nest has four eggs and you remove one, the bird will not 3 . However, if you remove two, the bird 4 leaves. This means that the bird knows the 5 between two and three. Another interesting experiment showed a bird?s 6 number sense. A man was trying to take a photo of a crow(乌鸦) that had a nest in a tower, but the crow always left when she saw him coming. The bird did not 7 until the man left the tower. The man had an 8 . He took another man with him to the tower. One man left and the other stayed, but they did not 9 the bird. The crow stayed away until the second man left, too. The experiment was 10 with three men and then with four men. But the crow did not return to the nest until all the men were 11 . It was not until five men went into the tower and only four left that they were 12 able to fool the crow. How good is a human?s number sense? It?s not very good. For example, babies about fourteen months old almost always notice if something is taken away from a 13 group. But when the number goes beyond three or four, the children are 14 fooled. It seems that number sense is something we have in common with many animals in this world, and that our human 15 is not much better than a crow?s. 1. A. rise B. pattern C. change D. trend 2. A. Importantly B. Surprisingly C. Disappointedly D. Fortunately 3. A. survive B. care C. hatch D. notice 4. A. generally B. sincerely C. casually D. deliberately 5. A. distance B. range C. difference D. interval 6. A. amazing B. annoying C. satisfying D. disturbing 7. A. relax B. recover C. react D. return 8. A. appointment B. excuse C. idea D. explanation 9. A. fool B. hurt C. catch D. kill 10. A. reported B. repeated C. designed D. approved 11. A. confused B. gone C. tired D. drunk

中国广东珠海忠良教育

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蒋勋建

忠良教育

12. A. gradually 13. A. single 14. A. seldom 15. A. sight

B. luckily B. small B. temporarily B. nature

C. strangely C. local C. merely C. ability

D. finally D. new D. often D. belief

第二节 语法填空 One day, Nick invited his friends to supper. He was cooking some delicious food in the kitchen. Suddenly, he 16 (find) that he had run out of salt. So Nick called to his son, “Go to the village and buy some salt, but pay a fair price for it: neither too much 17 too little.” His son looked surprised. “I can understand why shouldn?t pay too much, Father, but if I can pay less, 18 not save a bit of money?” “That would be a very 19 (reason) thing to do in a big city, but it could destroy a small village like ours,” Nick said. Nick?s guest, 20 had heard their conversation, asked why they should not buy salt more cheaply if they could. Nick replied, “The only reason a man would sell salt 21 a lower price would be because he was desperate for money. And anyone who took advantage of that situation would be showing a lack of respect 22 the sweat and struggle of the man who worked very hard to produce it.” “But such a small thing couldn?t 23 (possible) destroy a village.” “In the beginning, there was only 24 very small amount of unfairness in the world, but everyone added a little, always 25 (think) that it was only small and not very important, and look where we have ended up today.” 第三节 阅读理解 A. Imagination and fantasy can play an important role in achieving the things we fear. Children know this very well. Fred Epstein, in his book I Make It to Five, tells a story he heard from one of his friends about Tom, a four-year-old boy with a cancer in his back bone. He came through several operations and a lot of pain by mastering his imagination. Tom loved to pretend, and he particularly loved to play superheroes. Dr. Epstein explained that it was actually a brilliant way for his young mind to handle the terrifying and painful life he led. The day before his third trip to the operating room, Tom was terribly afraid. “ Maybe I could go as Superman,” he whispered to his mom. Hearing this, the mother hesitated for while. She has avoided buying the expensive costume(戏装), but finally she agreed. The next day Tom appeared as the powerful Superman, showing off through the hospital halls and coolly waving his hand to the people greeting him along the way. And Tom, with the strength of his fantasy, successfully made it through the operation. The power of imagination need not be reserved for children only. We all have the power to use our fantasies to attempt things we never thought possible, to go through those things that seem impossible, and to achieve what we never believed we could. Just as Dr. Epstein puts it, “If you can dream it, you can do it.” It doesn?t mean that you should dress as a superhero for your next job interview. But, next time you are tested in a way that seems impossible, imagine what it would take to overcome it. Become the person you need to become to win over your challenge and do it in your mind first. So, let your imagination run wild, and dare to dream.

中国广东珠海忠良教育

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蒋勋建

忠良教育

26. What do we know about Tom? A. He was seriously ill. B. He was a dishonest boy. C. He was crazy about magic. D. He was Dr. Epstein?s patient. 27. What can be inferred about Tom?s mother? A. She was a rich lady. B. She refused Tom?s request. C. She wanted Tom to be a superhero. D. She wanted to get Tom through the pain. 28. When Tom went for the third operation, he_________. A. pretended to be painful B. acted like a superhero C. appeared in poor spirits D. argued with his mother 29. In the last paragraph, you are advised________. A. to go through some difficult tests B. to wake up from your wild dreams C. to become a powerful person in your mind D. to wear expensive clothes for job interviews 30. What is the purpose of the passage? A. To tell us an interesting story. B. To help us make right decisions. C. To advise us to care about children. D. To encourage us to use our imagination. B. Some people think that success is only for those with talent or those who grow up in the right family, and others believe that success mostly comes down to luck. I?m not going to say luck, talent, and circumstances don?t come into play because they do. Some people are born into the right family while others are born with great intelligence, and that?s just the reality of how life is. However, to succeed in life, one first needs to set a goal and then gradually make it more practical. And, in addition to that, in order to get really good at something, one needs to spend at least 10,000 hours studying and practicing. To become great at certain things, it?ll require even more time, time that most people won?t put in. This is a big reason why many successful people advise you to do something you love. If you don?t enjoy what you do, it is going to feel like unbearable pain and will likely make you quit well before you ever become good at it. When you see people exhibiting some great skills or having achieved great success, you know that they have put in a huge part of their life to get there at a huge cost. It?s sometimes easy to think they got lucky or they were born with some rare talent, but thinking that way does you no good, and there?s a huge chance that you?re wrong anyway. Whatever you do, if you want to become great at it, you need to work day in and day out, almost to the

中国广东珠海忠良教育

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蒋勋建

忠良教育

point of addiction, and over a long period of time. If you?re not willing to put in the time and work, don?t expect to receive any rewards. Consistent, hard work won?t guarantee you the level of success you may want, but it will guarantee that you will become rally good at whatever it is you put all that work into. 31. Paragraph 1 mainly talks about__________. A. the reasons for success B. the meaning of success C. the standards of success D. the importance of success 32. Paragraph 2, the underlined word that refers to__________. A. being good at something B. setting a practical goal C. putting in more time D. succeeding in life 33. Successful people suggest doing what one loves because_____________. A. work makes one feel pain B. one tends to enjoy his work C. one gives up his work easily D. it takes a lot of time to succeed 34. What can be infer from Paragraph 4? A. Successful people like to show their great skills. B. People sometimes succeed without luck or talent. C. People need to achieve success at the cost of life. D. It helps to think that luck or talent leads to success. 35. What is the main theme of the passage? A. Having a goal is vital to success. B. Being good is different from being great. C. One cannot succeed without time and practice. D. Luck, talent and family help to achieve success. C. One day, when I was working as a psychologist in England, an adolescent boy showed up in my office. It was David. He kept waling up and down restlessly, his face pale, and his hands shaking slightly. His head teacher had referred him to me. “This boy has lost his family,” he wrote. “He is understandably very sad and refuses to talk to others, and I?m very worried about him. Can I help?” I looked at David and showed him to a chair. How could I help him? There are problems psychology doesn?t have the answer to, and which no wards can describe. Sometimes the best thing one can do is to 0listen openly and sympathetically. The first two times we met, David didn?t say a word. He sat there, only looking up to look at the children?s drawings on the wall behind me. I suggested we play a game of chess. He nodded. After that he played chess with me every Wednesday afternoon---in complete silence and without looking at me. It?s not easy to cheat in chess, but I admit I made sure David won once or twice. Usually, he arrived earlier than agreed, took the chess board and pieces from the shelf and began setting them up before I even got a chance to sit down. It seemed as if he enjoyed my company. But why did he never look at me? “Perhaps he simply needs someone to share his pain with,” I thought. “Perhaps he senses that I respect his suffering.” Some months later, when we were playing chess, he looked up at me suddenly. “It?s your turn,” he said. After that day, David started talking. He got friends in school and joined a bicycle club. He wrote to me a few times, about his biking with some friends, and about his plan to get into university. Now he had really

中国广东珠海忠良教育

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蒋勋建

忠良教育

started to live his own life. Maybe I gave David something. But I also learned that one---without any words---can reach out to another person. All it takes is a hug, a shoulder to cry on, a friendly touch, and an ear that listens. 36. When he first met the author, David_________. A. felt a little excited B. walked energetically C. looked a little nervous D. showed up with his teacher 37. As a psychologist, the author __________. A. was ready to listen to David B. was skeptical about psychology C. was able to describe David?s problem D. was sure of handling David?s problem 38. David enjoyed being with the author because he____________. A. wanted to ask the author for advice B. needed to share sorrow with the author C. liked the children?s drawing in the office D. beat the author many times in the chess game 39. What can be inferred about David? A. He recovered after months of treatment. B. He liked biking before he lost his family. C. He went into university soon after starting to talk. D. He got friends in school before he met the author. 40. What made David change? A. His teacher?s help. B. The author?s friendship. C. His exchange of letters with the author. D. The author?s silent communication with him. D.

While Jennifer was at home taking an online exam for her business law class, a monitor(监控器) a few hundred miles away was watching her every move.
Using a web camera equipped in Jennifer?s Los Angeles apartment, the monitor in Phoenix tracked how frequently her eyes moved from the computer screen and listened for the secret sounds of a possible helper in the room. Her Internet access was locked---remotely---to prevent Internet searches, and her typing style was analyzed to make sure she was who she said she was; Did she enter her student number at the same speed as she had in the past? Or was she slowing down? In the battle against cheating, this is the cutting edge and a key to encourage honestly in the booming field of on line education. The technology gives trust to the entire system, to the institution and to online education in general. Only with solid measures against cheating, experts say, can Internet universities show that their exams and diplomas are valid---that students haven?t searched the Internet to get the right answers. Although online classes have existed for more than a decade, the concern over cheating become sharper in the last year with the growth of “open online courses.” Private colleges, public universities and corporations are jumping into the online education field, spending millions of dollars to attract potential students, while also taking steps to help guarantee honesty at a distance. Aside from the web cameras, a number of other high-tech methods are becoming increasingly popular. Among them are programs that check student?s identities using personas information, such as the telephone numbers they once used. Other programs can produce unique exams by drawing on a large list of questions and can recognize possible cheaters by analyzing whether difficult test questions are answered at he same speed as easy ones.

中国广东珠海忠良教育

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蒋勋建

忠良教育

As in many university classes, term papers are scanned against some large Internet data banks for cheating. 41. Why was Jennifer watched in an online exam? A. To correct her typing mistakes. B. To find her secrets in the room C. To prevent her from slowing down. D. To keep her from dishonest behaviors 42. The underlined expression cutting edge in Paragraph 3 is closest in meaning to _______. A. advanced technique B. sharpening tool C. effective rule D. dividing line 43. For Internet universities, exams and diplomas will be valid if__________. A. they can attract potential students B. they can defeat academic cheating C. they offer students online help D. they offer many online courses 44. Some programs can find out possible cheaters by_________. A. checking the question answering speed B. producing a large number of questions C. scanning the Internet test questions D. giving difficult test questions 45. Which of the following is the best title of this passage? A. The Advantages of Online Exams B. The High-tech Methods in Online Courses C. The Fight against Cheating in Online Education D. The War against the Booming of Online Education 第四节 信息匹配 A. FREE HEALTH BOOKS Visit www. Health Book Summauies.com now for instant access to easy-to-read summaries of the top books on health, food and fitness emailed to you automatically, for FREE. Call Now 1-866-720-3880 B. Ready to use straight from the pack; Low self discharge for long storage period. Super Durable Battery; Wide application range From digital cameras to clocks. C. Save GEICO Big savings look good on you. Find our how much you could be saving on an insurance visit geico.com, call 1-800-947-AUTO[2886], or contact your local GEICO office today. See geico.com for more details. D. FREE Home Security System! $850 value! Free Wireless Remote Control. Protect your home 1-866-711-3832. E. THINGS ARE LOOKING UP VWCARS Take a little off the top in the all-new Vokswagon Beetle Convertible 300-hp turbocharged engine offers plenty of substance behind the style traceable top. Vw.com/beetleconvertible. F. Global Executive MBA Georgetown Unlverslty & ESADE It?s the global MBA. Graduates receive MBA diplomas from both Georgetown University and ESADE Business School. Discover More Visit: globalexecmba. Com

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忠良教育

46. I am a journalist working for a local news agency. Since I need to travel a lot, I do care about durability choosing power supply for my products to me? Your timely reply will be highly appreciated. 47. My family is new in the town. After settling down, we started looking for a family car. Your new model Beetle Convertible looks so cool. I think your detailed information booklet us know more about this model. Please kindly send it to my email address: jacks@gdnmet2013.com. Many thanks for your help. 48. My Beetle Convertible is insured with INC insurance company. The insurance will expire next month. The offer introduced in your advertisement attractive to me. I want to know more about your service. Please kindly email me a relevant information booklet. Your timely reply will be highly appreciated. 49. I don?t enjoy my new job as a department manager since I find hard to communicate with and motivate my team members. Hopefully, your diploma course can provide me with professional training on administrative and communicative skills. I look forward to receiving your information booklet and application forms as soon as possible. Please send them to me at jimmys@gdnmet2013.com. 50. My family is new in the town. Worrying about community safety, I prefer to secure my house with new technology. Your product sounds like the right choice for me. Could you kindly send your information booklet to my email address: peterw@2013.com? Your timely reply will be highly appreciated. 第五节 基础写作 请根据以下信息, 写一篇关于移民火星的快讯。 志愿者的选拔 到 2015 年, 在全球选出约 30 名去火星的志愿者。志愿者的条件 至少 18 岁; 做好不回地球的准备; 愿与他人保持良好的关系。 专家的观点 火星生活条件太艰苦; 面临严寒气候、孤独和恐惧。 志愿者观点 厌倦地球生活,想体验火星生活; 如果成功, 就是人类英雄。 火星:the Mars

第六节 读写任务 To many people even the word “work” sounds unpleasant, not necessarily because they are lazy. The same man, who dislikes his job in the factory or even in the office, may work hard at the weekend, painting the house or digging the garden. What is the reason, then? In most cases, it is because these people simply do not enjoy the job they are doing. It does not give them any real satisfaction. It may be quite easy, like making up wooden boxes, but it is very boring. Very often they are doing a job which is just a small part of a much larger one, such as attaching a door handle to a car. But the part they play in actually making the car is so small that they can never say: I have made something! Yet in modern society somebody has to do ordinary jobs such as cleaning streets because this is the way

中国广东珠海忠良教育

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忠良教育

society is organized. No matter how ordinary a job is, it plays a part in society and therefore deserves our due respect. Society cannot function a single day without the “dull and boring” jobs. [写作内容]1. 以约 30 词概括上文的主要内容。 2. 以约 120 个词谈谈你对平凡工作的想法, 内容包括: (1)描述清洁工工作的艰辛; (2)假如没有清洁工,环境会变得如何? (3)你对平凡的工作的看法。

(三) 2013 年普通高等学校招生全国统一考试(广东卷)英语参考答案 第一节:C B D A C A DCAB BDBDC 第二节:语法填空 16. found 17. nor 18. why 19.reasonable 20. who 21. at 22. to 23. possibly 24. a 25. thinking 第三部分: 26—30 A D B C D 31—35 A D C B C 36---40 CABAD 41—45 D A BAC 46—50 BECFD 第四部分:写作 第一节:基础写作:参考范文 It is reported that thirty volunteers who are at least 18 years old will be chosen from all the globe and sent to the Mars by the year of 2015. The volunteers must make a full preparation that there is almost no chance to return to the earth once they are immigrated to the Mars. What?s more, it is greatly important for them to try to keep a good relationship with other members. Experts strongly warned that the living conditions on the Mars are very hard, for not only the extremely cold climate would they meet with, but also loneliness and fear. On the contrary , the volunteers insist that they have got tired of the life on the earth,so greatly being eager to experience the unknown , mysterious life on the Mars; meanwhile, if the would be succeeded , they would get the honor to be heroes of human beings. 第二节:读写任务 In the passage , the author mainly stressed the importance of small and ordinary work , such as cleaning the street because of their essentiality for the organization of the society ,and thinks those doing such jobs should be respected greatly. There is no doubt that what a cleaner does is more harder compared with any other jobs in the society. On one hand , they must get up in the early morning every day to clean the street while we are sill in the sweet sleeping dreams . On the other hand, they also suffer from less respect and lower pay , working all day on the street no matter it is sun shines strongly or snow, wind heavily. Nobody could imagine what an bad environment we would live in if there were no cleaners in the city. Wherever we go , there is rubbish. Maybe we would soon be drowned in the mountain of rubbish. Even worse, if there wee no change about that, diseases would spread at a very quick speed. Is there anything

中国广东珠海忠良教育

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忠良教育

that can be worse than this ! From the above , I can draw the conclusion safely that even the smallest and the most ordinary job,such as cleaning the street is also the necessary part to keep the society going smoothly. Consequently, those who do those most insignificant jobs should get respect as much as those being engineers or teachers.

后附 2010、2011、2012 年广东高考英语试卷及答案
绝密★启用前 试卷类型:A

2010 年普通高等学校招生全国统一考试(广东卷) 英 语

本试卷共 12 页,四大题,满分 150 分。考试用 时 120 分钟。 注意事项:1 答卷前,考生务必用黑色字迹的钢笔或签 字笔将自己的姓名和考生号、试室号、座 位号填写在答题卡上。用 2B 铅笔将试卷类型(A)填涂在答题卡相应位置上。将条形码横贴在答题 卡右上角“条形码粘贴处”。 2 选择题每小题选出答案后,用 2B 铅笔把答题卡上对应题目选项的答案信息点涂黑,如需 改动,用橡皮擦干净后,再选涂其他答案,答案不能答在试卷上。3 非选择题必须用黑色字迹钢 笔或签字笔作答,答案必须写在答题卡各题目指定区域内相应位置上;如需改动,先划掉原来的 答案,然后再写上新的答案;不准使用铅笔和涂改液。不按以上要求作答的答案无效。 4 考生必须保持答题卡的整洁。考试结束后,将试卷和答题卡一井交回。
[来源:学科网]

1 听力(共两节。满分 35 分) 第一节听力理解(5 段,共 15 小题;每小题 2 分,满分 30 分) 每段播放两遍。各段后有几个小题,各段播放前每小题有 5 秒钟的阅题时间。请根据各段播 放内容及其相关小题,在 5 秒钟内从题中所给的 A、B、c 项中,选出最佳选项.并在答题卡上 将该项涂黑。 听第一段对话.回答第 1~3 题. 1. Why does the man want to borrow the woman's notes? A. He raised the classes. B. He is not satisfied with his notes. C. He has not taken any notes in class. 2. When does the man feel sleepy? A. On his way to class. B. At the beginning of the class. C. Thirty minutes after class begins. 3. Where will th e speakers go? A. To the library. B. To the cafeteria. C. To the supermarket. 听第二段对话,回答第 4~6 题。 4. Where will the man most probably find out about the comply? A. In the brochures. B. In the library. C. On the Internet. 5. Why will the company ask the man whether he is good for the job?

中国广东珠海忠良教育

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A. To know how he cares about the company. B. To know what he can contribute to the company. C. To know if he can make brochures for the company. 6. When can the man ask questions about the job? A. At the end of the interview. B. In the middle of the interview. C. At the beginning of the interview. 听第三段对话,回答第 7~9 题。 7. What does the man think of big parties? A. They are noisy. B. They are boring. C. They are interesting. 8. Why does the woman like parties? A. They are the best way to meet people. B. They are the times to meet her best friends. C. They are the opportunities to find serious guys. 9. What is the probable relationship between the speakers? A. Colle agues. B. Schoolmates. C. Teacher and student. 昕第四段独白,回答第 10—12 题。 10. What made seaside holiday possible for British families around the mid-19th century? A. Better railway services. B. The invention of the railways. C. The fast growth of the railways. 11. Why couldn't ordinary working people go on holiday before 1871? A. They had very little time off work. B. Banks were cloud during holidays. C. The government was not interested in holidays. 12. What was offered at the seaside to attract holidaymakers? A. Free accommodation. B. Income rise. C. Cheap entertainment. 听第五段对话.回答第 13 一 15 题。 13. How does the man go to work? A. By car. B. By bus. C. By train 14. How long will the man's flight take? A. About 15 hours. B. About 16 bout. C. About 18 hours. 15. What does the man do in order to get to sleep on the plane? A. He gets himself tired on the plane, B. He stays up late the day before the flight. C. He takes medicine or has a beer on the plane. 第二节听取信息(共 5 小题;每小题 1 分,满分 5 分) 听下面一段独白,请根据题目要求,从所听到的内容中获取必要的信息,填入答题卡标号为 16~ 20 的空格中。听录音前,你将有 10 秒钟的阅题时间,录音读两遍。你将有 60 秒钟的作答时间。 Ronald Reagan(1911-2004)
[来源:学科网]

中国广东珠海忠良教育

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Time 1932 1937 during the Next 27

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Ⅱ语言知识及应用【共两节,满分 35 分) 第一节完形填空(共 10 小题;每小题 2 分.满分 20 分) 阅读下面短文,掌握其大意.然后从 21—30 各题所给的 A、B、C 和 D 项中,选出最佳选项, 并在答题卡上将该项涂黑。 Every country has its own culture. Even though each country uses doors, doors may have 21 functions and purposes which lead to 22 differences. When I first to came to America, I noticed that a public building had two different 23 and they had distinct functions. You have to push the door with the word "PUSH" to go out of the building and to pull the door with the word "PULL" to 24 the building. This was new to me, because we use the 25 door in South Korea. For quite a few times I failed to go out of a shopping centre and was embarrassed. The way of using school bus doors was also 26 to me. I used to take the school bus to closes. The school decided that when the driver opened both the front and back doom, 27 who were getting off the bus should get off first, and students who were getting on should get on 28 . in South Korea, we do not need to wait for people to get off. One morning I hurried to the bus, and when the bus doors opened, I 29 tried to get on the school bus through the front door. All the students around looked at me. I was totally 30 , and my face went red. 21. A. different B. important C. practical D. unusual 22. A. national B. embarrassing C. cultural D. amazing 23. A. exits B. entrances C. signs D. doors 24. A. enter B. leave C. open D. close 25. A. main B. same C. front D. back 26. A. annoying B. hard C. satisfying D. strange 27. A. parents B. students C. teachers D. driven 28. A. sooner B. later C. faster D. earlier 29. A. politely B. patiently C. unconsciously D. slowly 30. A. embarrassed B. annoyed C. unsatisfied D. excited 第二节语法填空(共 10 小题;每小题 l 5 分.满分 l5 分) 阅读下面短文.按照句子结构的语法性和上下文连贯的要求,在空格处填入一个适当的词或使用 括号中词语的正确形式填空,并将答案填写在答题卡标号为 31—40 的相应位置上。
[来源:Zxxk.Com]

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A young man, while traveling through a desert, came across a spring of clear water. 31 water was sweet. He filled his leather container so that he could bring some back to an elder 32 had been his teacher. After a four-day journey, the young man 33 ( present ) the water to the old man. His teacher took a deep drink, smiled 34 ( warm ), and thanked his student very much for the sweet water. The young man went home 35 a happy heart. After the student left, the teacher let 36 student taste the water. He spit it out, 37 (say) it was awful. Apparently, it was no longer fresh because of the old leather container. He asked his teacher, "Sir, the water was awful. Why did you pretend to like 38 ?" The teacher replied, " You tasted the water. I tasted the girl. The water was simply the container for an act of kindness and love. Nothing could be 39 (sweet). " We understand this lesson best 40 we receive gifts of love from children. Whether it is a cheap pipe or a diamond necklace, the proper response is appreciation. We love the idea within the gift rather than the thing. Ⅲ阅读(共两节.满分 40 分) 第一节阅读理解(共 15 小题;每小题 2 分,满分 30 分) 阅读下列短文,从每题所给的 A、B、C 和 D 项中,选出最佳选项,并在答题卡上将 该项涂黑。 A When I was growing up in America, I was ashamed of my mother's Chinese English. Because of her English, she was often treated unfairly. People in department stores, at banks, and at restaurants did not take her seriously, did not give her good service, pretended not to understand her, or even acted as if they did not hear her. My mother has long realized the limitations of her English as well. When I was fifteen, she used to have me call people on the phone to pretend 1 was she. I was foxed to ask for information or even to yell at people who had been rode to her. One time 1 had to call her stockbroker (股票 经纪人). I said in an adolescent voice that was not very convincing, "This is Mrs. Tan. " And my mother was standing beside me, whispering loudly, "Why he don't send me cheek, already two week late. " And then, in perfect English I said, "I'm getting rather concerned. You agreed to send the check two weeks ago, but it hasn't arrived. " Then s he talked more loudly. "What h e want? I come to New York tell him front of his boss. " And so I turned to the stockbroker again, "I can't tolerate any more excuse. If I don't receive the cheek immediately, I am going to have to speak to your manager when I am in New York next week. " The next week we ended up in New York. While 1 was sitting there red-faced, my mother, the real Mrs. Tan, was shouting to his boss in her broken English. When I was a teen ager, my mother's broken English embarrassed me. But now, I see it differently. To me, my mother's English is perfectly clear, perfectly natural. It is my mother tongue. Her language, as I hear it, is vivid, direct, and full of observation and wisdom. It was the language that helped shape the way 1 saw things, expressed ideas, and made sense of the world. 41. Why was the author's mother poorly served? A. She was unable to speak good English. B. She was often misunderstood. C. She was not clearly heard. D. She was not very polite.

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42. From Paragraph 2, we know that the author was . A. good at pretending B. rode to the stockbroker C. ready to help her mother D. unw illing to phone for her mother 43. After the author made the phone call, A. they forgave the s tockbroker B. they failed to get the check C. they went to New York immediately D. they spoke to their boss at once 44. What does the author think of her mother's English now? A. It confuses her. B. It embarrasses her. C. It helps her understand the world. D. It helps her tolerate rude people. 45. We can infer from the passage that Chinese English A. is clear and natural to non-native speakers B. is vivid and direct to non-native speakers C. has a very bad reputation in America D. may bring inconvenience in America B When something goes wrong, it can be very satisfying to say, "Well, it's so-and-so's fault. "or "I know I'm late, but it's not my fault; the car broke down. " It is probably not your fault, but once you form the habit of blaming somebody or something else for a bad situation, you are a loser. You have no power and could do nothing that helps change the situation. However, you can have great power over what happens to you if you stop focusing on whom to blame and start focusing on how to remedy the situation. This is the winner's key to success . Winners are great at overcoming problems. For example, if you were late because your car broke down, maybe you need to have your car examined more regularly. Or, you might start to carry along with you the useful phone numbers, so you could call for help when in need. For another example, if your colleague causes you problems on the job for lack of responsibility or ability, find ways of dealing with his irresponsibility or inability rather than simply blame the person. Ask to work with a different person, or don't rely on this person. You should accept that the person is not reliable and find creative ways to work successfully regardless of how your colleague fails to do his job well. This is what being a winner is all about-creatively using your skills and talents so that you are successful no matter what happens. Winners don't have fewer problems in their lives; they have just as many difficult situation to face as anybody else. They are just better at seeing those problems as challenges and opportunities to develop their own talents. So, stop focusing on "whose fault it is. " Once you are confident about your power over bad situations, problems are just stepping stones for success. 46. According to the passage, winners . A. deal with problems rather than blame others B. meet with fewer difficulties in their byes C. have responsible and able colleagues D. blame themselves rather than others
[来源:学,科,网 Z,X,X,K]

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47. The underlined word remedy in Paragraph 1 is closest in meaning to . A. avoid B. accept C. impure D. Consider 48. When your colleague brings about a problem, you should . A. find a better way to handle the problem B. blame him for his lack of responsibility C. tell him to find the cause of the problem D. ask a more able colleague for help 49. When problems occur, winners take them as A. excuses for their failures B. barriers to greater power C. challenges to their colleagues D. chances for self-development 50. Which of the following is the best title for the passage? A. A Winner's Secret. B. A Winner's Problem. C. A Winner's Opportnnity. D. A Winner's Achievement. C Food sometimes gets poisoned with harmful things. A person who eats such food can get an illness called food poisoning. Food poisoning is usually not serious, but some types are deadly, The symptoms of food poisoning usually begin within hours of eating the poisoned food. Fever is one of the most common symptoms. Certain microorganisms ( 微 生 物 ) cause most types of food po isoning. Bacteria and other microorganisms can poison eggs, meat, vegetables, and many other foods. After entering the body, these tiny living things release (释放) poisons that make people sick. Some chemicals can also cause food poisoning. They are often added to food while it is being grown, processed, or prepaid. For example, many farmers spray chemicals on crops to kill weeds and insects. Some people may have a bad reaction to those chemicals when they eat the crops. Some plants and animals contain natural poisons that are harmful to people. These include certain kinds of seafood, grains, nuts, seeds, beans, and mushrooms. When people handle food properly, the risk of food poisoning is very small Microorganisms multiply rapidly in dirty places and in warm temperatures. This means that people should never touch food with ditty hands or put food on unwashed surfaces. Food should be kept in a refrigerator to stop microorganisms from gnawing. Meat needs to be cooked thoroughly to kill any dangerous microorganisms. People should also wash foo d covered with chemicals before eating it. Finally, people should not eat raid mushrooms or other foods that grow in the wild. Some of these foods may contain natural materials that are poisonous to humans. In addition, some types of fish can be poisonous. Most people recover from food poisoning after a few days of resting and drinking extra water. If people eat natural poisons, they must go to the hospital right away to have their stomachs emptied. 51. Which of the following statements is NOT true? A. Food when poisoned can make people sick. B. Food poisoning means death. C. Food poisoning comes in varieties. D. Food poisoning can be serious.

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52. We know from the passage that the symptoms of food poisoning . A. are always accompanied by a fever B. are too common to be noted C. can be noticed within hours D. can be ignored 53. Food poisoning can be caused by all the following EXCEPT . A. some chemicals B. low temperatures C. some tiny living things D. certain natural materials 54. From Paragraph 5, we can learn that A. mushrooms should not be eaten B. vegetables are safer than meat and seafood C. natural poisons are more dangerous than chemicals D. different types of food should be handled differently 55. It can be inferred from the passage that A. natural materials are safe in food processing B. chemicals are needed in food processing C. food poisoning can be kept under control D. food poisoning is out of control 第二节信息匹配(共 5 小题;每小题 2 分,满分 10 分) 阅读下列应用文及相关信息,并按照要求匹配信息。请在答题卡上将对应题号的相应 选项字母涂黑。 首先请阅读下列国外媒体上的插图及提示性文字:

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以下是关于这些插图的简要评论。请把评论与相关插图及提示性文字匹配起来。 56. The debate has been raging for years over the safety of, and necessity for, childhood vaccinations, which has been so much so that it is termed "The Vaccine War". The debate has only a few moments that might be inspiring to those who have been following this now familiar issue. 57. There are certainly benefits of using a star in a film. It makes the film easier to market. Stars also help sell more tickets and drive DVD sales, which are a big part of studio revenue. However, a star does not guarantee success. The simple fact is that if you pay a star a great deal of money for a film that people don't want to see, then it won't work. 58. They are barely in their twenties and are already multimillionaires. At the age when many people are looking for their first job, the youngsters of The Sunday Times Rich List are buying country estates or jetting off to their overseas homes. Daniel Radcliffe, for example, who plays Harry Potter, has a fortune of ~42 million, at 20. 59. Millions of jobless Americans, who might be suffering in anxiety and lacking a sense of security, are showing up at emergency rooms of state-owned hospitals, contributing to a lon ger waiting time and a higher risk of cursory treatment by overworked doctors and nurses. 60. Alice Miller, a psychology expert, who died at 87 at home in Provence, France, on April 14,repositioned the family as a central place of abnormal psychological function with her theory that parental power and punishment lay at the root of nearly all human problems. Ⅳ写作(共两节,满分 40 分) 第一节基础写作(共 1 小题,满分 15 分) 以下是一则关于中国政府决定禁烟的报道的主要内容。
[来源:学,科,网]

内 容:公共场所禁烟 实施时间:2011 年 1 月 1 日起实施范围:全国 目 标:所有室内公共场所无烟措 施:张贴禁烟标志 *二手烟:second-hand smoke 相关数据: [写作内容] (1)吸烟人数:约 3 5 亿 请根据以上内容给学校英语墙报写一篇通讯, 内容包括: 禁烟决定的内容及实施的时间和范围; 1 (2)分 布:男性 75%;女性 25%(3)受二手烟?影响人数:约 5 4 亿(4)因 2 目标和措施;3 相关数据。[写作要求】 二手烟死亡人数:超过 10 万/年 只能用 5 个句子表达全部内容。[评分标准] 句子结构准确,信息内容完整,篇章结构连贯。第二节读写任务(共 1 小题,满分 25 分) 阅读下面的短文,然后按照要求写一篇 150 词左右的英语短文。 In junior high school, one of my classmates, Ethan, was addicted to TV. This boy simply knew everything about such pop shows as Who's the Boss? Then one day Ethan's mother made brim an offer in order to draw him back to his school subjects. She promised that she would give him $20 0 if he could go a full month without watching any TV. None of us

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thought Eth~ could do it, but he did quit TV. His morn paid him $200. He went out and bought a TV, the biggest he could find. In recent years, hundreds of schools have carried out experiments with paying kids with each for showing up or getting good grades. All school kids admire this trend. But it upsets adults. Teachers say that we are rewarding kids for doing what they should be doing of their own will. Psychologists warn that money can actually make kids perform worse by making the act of learning cheap. The debate has become a typical battle over why our kids are not learning at the rate they should he despite decades of reforms and budget increases. [写作内窖] 1 以约 30 词概括上文的主要内容。 2 以约 120 词对用金钱鼓励孩子学习的现象进行议论,内容包括: (1)你对用金钱鼓励孩子学习的看法: (2)你的父母(或其他亲人)是如何鼓励你学习的;(3)你认为怎样才能更好地鼓励孩子学习。 [写作要求] 1 作文中可以使用亲身经历或虚构的故事.也可以参照阅读材料的内容,但不得直接引用原文中 的句子。 2 作文中不能出现真实姓名和学校名称。 [评分标准] 概括准确,语言规范,内容合适,语篇连贯。

2010 年普通高等学校招生全国统一考试(广东卷) 参考答案
一、听力部分(略) 二、完形填空学科网

21-30 CCCAB DBBCA
三、语法填空

31 the 32. who 36. another 37.saving
四、阅读理解 信息匹配
[

33. presented 38. it

34. warmly 39. sweeter

35. with 40. that

41-45 ADBCD

46-50 ACADA

51-55 BCBDC

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56-60 FCADE
五、基础写作 第一节基础写作(共 1 小题,满分 15 分) 答案:My country begins to carry out the policy that prevents smoking in public buildings since January 1st, 2011. The main aim is to make every public rooms have no smoke by posting the sign of preventing smoking. There are 350 million people smoking recently, in which the male hold 75 percent and the female hold 25 percent. Because of these smokers, about 540 million non-smokers are influenced. More than 100 thousand people per year die because of the second smoke.

六:任务型写作 1. 答案:
The passage is mainly about parents give money to their children so that they can show up or get good grades recently by the way of taking the example of Ethan and his mother. 2, 略

2011 年普通高等学校招生全国统一考试(广东 A 卷) 英
Ⅰ 语言知识及应用(共两节。满分 35 分) . 第一节 完形填空(共 15 小题;每小题 2 分,满分 30 分) 阅读下面短文,掌握其大意,然后从 1~15 各题所给的 A、B、C 和 D 项中,选出最 佳选项,并在答题卡上将该项涂黑。 It has been argued by some that gifted children should be grouped in special classes, The 1 has been on the belief that in regular classes these children are held back in their 2 situation that has designed for the 4 3 children.



intellectual (智力的) growth by

There can be little doubt that

classes can help the gifted children to graduate 5 out of the regular

earlier and take their place in life sooner. However, to take these classes may create serious problems. I observed a number of in a relying 7 8 6

children who were taken out of a special class and placed

class. In the special class, they showed little ability to use their own judgment, on their teachers? directions. In the regular class, having no worry about ke 9 on many problems, some of
19

(http://www.unjs.com)eping up, they began to reflect
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which were not on the school program. Many are concerned that gifted children become However this these 12 11 10 and lose interest in learning.

is more often from parents and teachers than from students, and some of 13 .

simply conclude that special classes should be set up for those who are 14

Some top students do feel bored in class, but why they

so goes far beyond the work

they have in school. Studies have shown that to be bored is to be anxious. The gifted child whop is bored is an 1. A. principle 2. A. designing 3. A. smart 4. A. regular 5. A. children 6. A. intelligent 7. A. separate 8. A. specially 9. A, directly 10. A. doubted 11. A. concern 12. A. students 13. A. talented 14. A. believe 15. A. outstanding 15 child. B. theory B. grouping B. curious B. special B. programs B. competent B. regular B. slightly B. cleverly B. bored B. conclusion B. adults B. worried B. think B. intelligent C. arguments C. learning C. mature C. small C. graduates C. ordinary C. new C. wrongly C. voluntarily C. worried C. reflection C. scholars C. learned C. say C. anxious D. classification D. living D. average D. creative D. designs D. independent D. boring D. heavily D. quickly D. tired D. interest D. teachers D. interested D. feel D. ordinary

第二节 语法填空(共 10 小题;每小题 1.5 分,满分 15 分) 阅读下面短文,按照句子结构的语法性和上下文连贯的要求,在空格处填入一个适 当的词或使用括号中词语的正确形式填空, 并将答案填写在答题卡标号为 16~25 的相应 位置上。 One Sunday morning in August I went to local music 16 festival. I left

(http://www.unjs.com)it early because I had an appointment friends walked me to the bus stop and waited with me 17

(late) that day. My

the bus arrived. I got on the bus

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and found a seat near the back, and then I noticed a man

18

(sit) at the front. He 20

19

(pretend) that a tiger toy was real and giving it a voice. He must be Behind him were other people to 22 21

(mental) disabled.

he was trying to talk, but after some minutes

walked away and sat near me, looking annoyed I didn?t want to be laughed at for talking to him but I didn?t like leaving him 23 his

own either. After a while I rose from my seat and walked to the front of the bus. I sat next to the man and introduced myself. We had 24 amazing conversation. He got off the bus before me

and I felt very happy the rest of the way home. I?m glad I made a choice. It made Ⅱ 阅读 (共两节, 满分 50 分) . 第一节 阅读理解(共 20 小题;每小题 2 分,满分 40 分) 阅读下列短文,从每题所给的 A、B、C 和 D 项中,选出最佳选项,并在答题卡上 将该项涂黑。 A In the animal kingdom, weakness can bring about aggression in other animal. This sometimes happens with humans also. But I have found that my weakness brings out the kindness in people. I see it every day when people hold doors for me, pour cream into my coffee, or help me to put on my coat. And I have discovered that it makes them happy. From my wheelchair experience, I see the best in people, bur sometimes I feel sad because those who appear independent miss the kindness I see daily. They don?t get to see this soft side of others often, we try bevery way possible to avoid showing our weakness, which includes a lot of pretending. But only when we stop pretending we?re brave or strong do we allow people to show the kindness that?s in them. Last month, when I was driving home on a busy highway, I began to feel unwell and drove more slowly than usual. People behind me began to get impatient and angry, with some speeding up alongside me, horning (按喇叭) or even shouting at me. At the moment I decided to do something I had never done in twenty fore years of driving. I put on the car flashlights and drove on at a really low speed. 25 of us feel good.

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No more angry shouts and no more horns! When I put on my flashlights, I was saying to other drivers, “I have a problem here. I am weak and doing the best I can.” And everyone understoof. Several times, I saw drivers who wanted to pass. They couldn?t get around me because of the stream of passing traffic. But instead of getting impatient and angry, they waited, knowing the driver in front of them was in some way weak. Sometimes situations call for us to act strong and brave even when we don?t feel that way. But those are and far between. More often, it would be better if we don?t pretend we feel strong when we feel weak or pretend that we are brave when we are scared. 26. the author h(http://www.unjs.com)as discovered that people will feel happy when ______. A. the offer their help B. they receive others? help C. they feel others? kindness D. they show their weakness 27. The author feels sad sometimes because ______. A. he has a soft heart B. he relies much on others C. some people pretend to be kind D. some people fail to see the kindness in others 28. What did the other drivers do when they saw the flashlights? A. They speed up to pass. B. They waited with patience. C. They tried their best to help. D. They put on their flashlights too. 29. In this passage, the author advises us to ______. A. handle problems by ourselves B. accept help from others C. admit our weakness

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D. show our bravery 30. Which of the following is the best title for the passage? A. A Wheelchair Experience. B. Weakness and Kindness. C. Weakness and Strength D. A Driving Experience B Can dogs and cats live in perfect harmony in the same home? People who are thinking about adopting a dog as a friend for their cats are worried that they will fight. A recent research has found a new recipe of success. According to the study, if the cat is adopted before the dog, and if they are introduced when still young (less than 6 months for cats, a year for dogs), it is highly probable that the two pets will get along swimmingly. Two-thirds of the homes interviewed reported a positive relationship between their cat and dog. However, it wasn?t all sweetness and light. There was a reported coldness between the cat and dog in 25% of the homes, while argression and fighting were observed in 10% of the homes. One reason for this is probably that some of their body signals were just opposite. For example, when a cat turns its head away it signals aggression, while a dog doing the same signals submission. In homes with cats and dogs living peacefully, researchers observed a surprising behaviour. They are learning how to talk each other?s language. It is a surprise that cats can learn how to talk ?dog?, and dogs can learn how to talk ?Cat?. What?s interesting is that both cats and dogs have appeared to develop their intelligence. They can learn how to read each other?s body signals, suggesting that the two may have more in common than we previously suspected. Once familiar with each other?s presence and body language, cats and dogs can play together, greet each other nose to nose, and enjoy sleeping together on the sofa. They can easily share the same water bowl and in some cases groom (梳 理) each other. The significance of the research on cats and dogs may go beyond pets ─ to people who don?t get along, including neighbors, colleagues at work, and even world superpowers. If cats

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and dogs can learn to get along, surely people have a good chance. 31. The underlined word swimmingly in Paragraph 1 is closest in meaning to ______. A. early smoothly 32. Some cats and dogs may fight when ______. A. they are cold to each other B. they look away from each other C. they misunderstood each other?s signals D. they are introduced at an early age 33. What is found surprising about cats and dogs? A. They eat and sleep each other. B. They observe each other?s behaviors. C. They learn to speak each other?s language. D. They know something from each other?s voices. 34. It is suggested in Paragraph 4 that cats and dogs ______. A. have common interests B. are less different than was thought C. have a common body language D. are less intelligent than was expected 35. What can we human beings learn from cats and dogs? A. We should learn to live in h(http://www.unjs.com)armony. B. We should know more about animals. C. We should live in peace with animals. D. We should learn more body languages. C A year after graduation, I was offered a position teaching a writing class. Teaching was a profession I had never seriously considered, though several of my stories had been published. I accepted the job without hesitation, as it would allow me to wear a tie and go by the name of Mr. Davis. My father went by the same name, and I liked to imagine people getting the two of B. sweetly C. quickly D.

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us confused. “Wait a minute<” someone might say, “are you talking about Mr. Davis the retired man, or Mr. Davis the respectable scholar?” The position was offered at the last minute, and I was given two weeks to prepare, a period I spent searching for briefcase (公文包) and standing before my full-length mirror, repeating the words, “Hello, class. I?m Mr. Davis.” Sometimes I would give myself an aggressive voice. Sometimes I would sound experienced. But when the day eventually came, my nerves kicked in and the true Mr. Davis was there. I sounded not like a thoughtful professor, but rather a 12-year-old boy. I arrived in the classroom with paper cards designed in the shape of maple leaves. I had cut them myself out of orange construction paper. I saw nine students along a long table. I handed out the cards, and the students wrote down their names and fastened them to their breast pockets as I required. “All right then,” I said. “Okey, here we go.” Then I opened my briefcase and realized that I had never thought beyond this moment. I had been thinking that the students would be the first to talk, offering their thoughts and opinions on the events of the day. I had imagined that I would sit at the edge of the desk, overlooking a forests of hands. Every student would yell. “Calm down, you?ll all get your turn. One at a time, one at a time!” A terrible silence ruled the room, and seeing no other opinions, I inspected the students to pull out their notebooks and write a brief essay related to the theme of deep disappointment. 36. The author took the job to teach writing because ______. A. he wanted to be expected B. he had written some storied C. he wanted to please his father D. he had dreamed of being a teacher 37. What can we learn about the author from Paragraph 2? A. He would be aggressive in his first class. B. He was well-prepared for his first class. C. He got nervous upon the arrival of his first class. D. He waited long for the arrival of his first class.

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38. Before he started his class, the author asked the students to ______. A. write down their suggestions on the paper cards B. cut maple leaves out of the construction paper C. cut some cards out of the construction paper D. write down their names on the paper cards 39. What did the students do when the author started his class? A. They began to talk. B. They stayed silent. C. They raised their hands. D. They shouted to be heard. 40. The author chose the composition topic probably because ______. A. he got disappointed with his first class B. he had prepared the topic before class C. he wanted to calm down the students D. he thought it was an easy topic D In a world with limited land, water and other natural resources (资源), the harm from the traditional business model is on the rise. Actually, the past decades has seen more and more forests disappearing and globe becoming increasingly warm. People now realize that this unhealthy situation must be changed, and that we must be able to develop in sustainable (可持 续的) ways. That means growth with low carbon or development of sustainable products. In other words, we should keep the earth healthy while using its supply of natural resources. Today, sustainable development is a proper trend in many countries. Accordin (http://www.unjs.com)g to a recent study, the global market for low-carbon energy will become three times bigger over the next decades. China, for example, has set its mind on leading that market, hoping to seize chances in the new round of the global energy revolution. It is now tryuing hard to make full use of wind and solar energy, and is spending a huge amount of money making electric cars and high-speed trains. In addition, we are also seeing great growth in the global markets for sustainable products such as palm oil (棕榈油), which

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is produced without cutting down valuable rainforest. In recent years the markets for sustainable products have grown by more than 50%. Governments can fully develop the potential of these new markets. First, they can set high targets for reducing carbon emissions (排放) and targets for saving and reusing energy. Besides, stronger arrangement of public resources like forests can also help to speed up the development. Finally, governments can avoid the huge expenses that are taking us in the wrong direction, and redirecting some of those expenses can accelerate the change from traditional model to a sustainable one. The major challenge of this century is to find ways to meet the needs of growing population within the limits if this single planet. That is no small task, but it offers abundant new chances for sustainable product industries. 41. The traditional business model is humful because of all the following EXCEPT that ______. A. It makes the world warmer B. it consumes natural resources C. it brings severe damage to forests D. it makes growth hard to continue 42. What can we infer from Paragraph 2? A. China lacks wind and solar energy. B. China is the leader of the low-carbon market. C. High-speed trains are a low-carbon development. D. Palm oil is made at the cost of valuable forests. 43. To full develop the low-carbon markets, government can ______. A. cut public expenses B. forbid carbon emission C. develop public resources D. encourage energy conservation 44. We can learn from the last paragraph that businesses have many chances to ______. A. develop sustainable products

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B. explore new natural resources C. make full use of natural resources D. deal with the major challenge 45. What is the main purpose og the passage? A. To introduce a new business model. B. To compare two business models. C. To predict a change of the global market. D. To advocate sustainable development. 第二节 信息匹配(共 5 小题;每小题 2 分,满分 10 分) 阅读下列应用文及相关信息,并按照要求匹配信息。请在答题卡上将对应题号的相 应选项字母涂黑。 首先请阅读下列近期热播的国外影视作品的海报及提示性文字:

A.

When it come to the essential story line, the movie is all about a bird

traveling several thousand miles for the purpose of setting up a rare bird family.

B.

Cracks explores the evil force developed within a closed society, the

single-minded violence of the mob mentality, and the seductive charm of the heroine.

C.

Eleven years after Sidney Prescott tangled with a mad killer, the Scream

series has been exhumed. It was fun and breezy in 1996. In 2011, it?s about as fresh as the whiff.

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D.

Soul surfer portrays the comeback spirit and faith of shark attack

survivor and champion surfer Bethany Hamilton.

E.

Although it is a better fantasy than a comedy, this movie never fully

embraces either side of the dramatic types and ends up a bastard of mixed blood.

F.

This movie is a richer and more compelling thriller involving a

cat-and-mouse game than the average roller coaster ride into tension and misery. And it also has a “clean” ending. 以下是这些影视作品的背景简介或故事梗概。请将相关背景简介或故事梗概与影视 作品的海报及提示性文字匹配起来。 46(http://www.unjs.com). Having spent most of her life in the worlds of Finland and toughened herself with half her teen years? harsh training as a killer, she decides that she is ready to enter society. Her first mission is to kill Marissa, her mother?s killer. The plan goes much as expected, except the “Marissa” is an imposter. Hanna becomes the prey in a cat-and-mouse game with the real Marissa, causing tension and misery. 47. Blu is a domesticated macaw from the jungles of South America. If Linda, his owner, brings him to Rio, the bird can mate the last female blue macaw and re-start the species. Blu?s encounter with his bride-to-be, Jewel, doesn?t go well, but the two aren?t given much time to get to know each other before a gang of bird-hunters spirits them away. Now it?s up to Blu and Jewel to escape the criminals.

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48. Perhaps surprisingly, it works reasonably well until the jokes get in the way, testifying to how durable fantasy cliché are. Yet, considering the talent involved on both sides of the s camera, audiences may be expecting more. Even though it emerges from an uncrowded genre in which the competition is sparse, Your Highness is forgettable and it likely won?t take long before it is forgotten. 49. The film begins with the heroine at age 13, already a champion surfer who has been winning trophies since she was 9. On an idyllic Hawaii day, she is practicing for next competition when a shark strikes, biting off her left arm. She makes a quick physical recovery and is back on her surfboard after several weeks, but her spiritual recovery is more complicated as she struggle to believe she can — and should shows the world she can be a beacon for human soul. 50. The Ghost Face Killer has chosen this year to emerge from the winter long sleep, and his targets appear to be Sidney and those few remaining family members. Scream 4 offers little more than a group of familiar characters wandering around a horror movie setting and uttering self-referential one-liners as the body count mounts. The story is thin and belabored ─ more an excuse to encounter old friends and revel in new gore than tha “revision” promised by the promotional material. Ⅲ 写作(共两节,满分 40 分) . 第一节:基础写作 以下是一本图书的基本信息及相关报道 基本信息: ⑴ 书名:Battle Hymn of the Tiger Mother ⑵ 作者:Amy Chua,美籍华人,耶鲁*大学教授 ⑶ 出版时间:2010 年 ⑷ 内容:作者用中国传统方式教育两个女儿的故事 ⑸ 效应:引发中美教育方式孰优孰劣的讨论 相关报道: ⑴ 中文版:2011 年初开始在中国销售 ⑵ 意外反应:多数中国妈妈不赞同作者的做法 — keep surfing. She goes out their and

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⑶ 最新消息:17 岁的大女儿已被哈佛**和耶鲁录取 *耶鲁:Yale [写作内容] 根据以上信息写一篇图书介绍,内容包括: 1.图书的基本信息 2.图书的相关报道 [写作要求] 只能用 5 个句子表达全部内容 [评分标准] 句子结构准确,信息内容完整,篇章连贯 第二节:读写任务 阅读下面短文,然后按要求写一篇 150 词左右的英语短文 When Sam first got to his boarding school with his parents, he was very happy. He thought he would be able(http://www.unjs.com) to go home every weekend. When he was told he would not, he started crying because the thought of not seeing his parents was driving him crazy. He was given uniforms and all other things that he would need for the term. He started crying when it was time for his parents to leave. He was then taken to the dorm, where he saw other children happy. He tried as much as he could to fit in but could not because his mind was at home. He started feeling homesick (想家) 安定 wanted to go homes as soon as possible. He got sick soon because he could not eat the school food. He could not concentrate in the classroom. All he could think was being at home with his family. He had no mobile phone or other means to get in touch with his parents. He was angry and felt lonely. He thought his parents hated him and that was why they left him in a boarding school. [写作内容] 1. 以约 30 个词概括上文的主要内容。 2. 以约 120 个词讲述一次你(或你的朋友)想家的经历,内容包括: ⑴ 时间、地点和起因; ⑵ 想家给学习和生活带来的影响; 哈佛:Harvard

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⑶ 你(或你朋友)是如何应对的。 [写作要求] 1.作文中可以使用亲身经历或虚构的故事, 也可以参照阅读材料的内容, 但不得直接 引用原文中的句子。 2.作文中不能出现真实姓名和学校名称。 [评分标准] 概括准确,语言规范,内容何时,语句连贯。

2011 年普通高等学校招生全国统一英语考试(广东 A 卷)参考答 案
1-5 CCDBA 16 later 17 until an 25 all 26-30 ADBCB 31-35 BCCBA 36-40 ACDBA 41-45 BBDAD 46-50 FAEDC 6-10 ABDAB 11-15 ABADC

18 sitting 19 pretended 20 mentally 21 whom 22 he 23 on 24

绝密★ 启用前

试卷类型:A

2012 年普通高等学校招生全国统一考试(广东卷)





本试卷共 11 页,三大题,满分 135 分,考试用时 120 分钟. 注意事项:1.答卷前,考生务必用黑色字迹的钢笔或签字笔将自己的姓名和考生号、试室号、座位 号填写在答题卡上。用 2B 铅笔将试卷类型(A)填涂在答题卡相应位置上。将条形码 横贴在答题卡右上角“条形码粘贴处”。 2.选择题每小题选出答案后,用 2B 铅笔把答题卡上对应题目选项的答案信息涂黑,如需 改动,用橡皮擦干净后,再选涂其他答案,答案不能答在试卷上。 3.非选择题必须用黑色字迹钢笔或签字笔作答,答案必须写在答题卡各题目规定区域内 相应位置上;如需改动,先划掉原来的答案,然后再写上新的答案;不准使用铅笔和 涂改液。不按以上要求作答的答案无效。 4.考生必须保持答题卡的整洁。考试结束后,将试卷和答题卡一并交回。

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Ⅰ 语言知识及应用(共两节。满分 35 分) 第一节 完形填空(共 15 小题;每小题 2 分,满分 30 分) 阅读下面短文,掌握其大意,然后从 1~15 各题所给的 A、B、C 和 D 项中,选出最佳选项,并 在答题卡上将该项涂黑。 We all know that some things are obviously right. For example, it is right to be is also right to look after the environment. Some things are 1 to other people. It

2 wrong, too. For instance, we should not

hurt or bully(欺负) others, nor should we litter. Rules often tell us what is right or wrong.. Rules can help the public make the right 3 ,and remain safe. Car drivers have to obey traffic

regulations that tell them the right things to do on the road to avoid crashes. Cyclists who give signals before turning or stopping help prevent 4 . 5 for them to

If people follow rules without taking other matters into consideration, it will be

form what is sometimes called a “black and white” view. For example, they may believe that people should always tell the truth, and that lying is means that they may get into 7 . 8 what is right or wrong. Some people choose not to 6 acceptable. Such people always stick to their views, even if it

Sometimes it may not be so easy to know eat meat because they believe that it is 10 9

to eat animals, but others argue that they can eat meat and

be kind to animals; some insist that stealing is always wrong, but others think that one does not need 11 when stealing some food to eat, if lives in a really poor area and he is 13 12 . Rules help

to feel to

us live together in harmony, because they show us the right way to

_ other .However, some people

argue that rules may be __14_, having observed that rules change all the time , and that some schools have some regulations and other have different ones ----so who is to _15____ what is right ? 1 2 3. 4. 5. 6 7. 8. 9. 10. 11. 12. A. A. A. A. A A. A. A. A. A. A. A. kind equally suggestion accidents interesting seldom trouble roughly awful still nervous begging B. B. B. B. B. B. B. B. B. B. B. B. sensitive slightly conclusions mistakes vital rarely power eventually cruel even anxious staving C. C. C. C. C. C. C. C. C. C. C. C. fair eleraly turns falls easy merely prison deliberately unhealthy later afraid growing D. D. D. D. D. D. D. D. D. D. D. D. generous increasingly choices deaths valuable never control exactly unnecessary somehow guilty wandering

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13 14. 15

A. A. A.

follow disgusting predict

B. B. B.

instruct confusing explain

C. C. C.

treat unsafe decide

D. D. D.

protect unimportant consider

第二节 语法填空(共 10 小题;每小题 1.5 分,满分 15 分) 阅读下面短文,按照句子结构的语法性和上下文连贯的要求,在空格处填入一个适当的词或使用 括号中词语的正确形式填空,并将答案填写在答题卡标号为 16~25 的相应位置上。 Mary will ever forget the first time she saw him. He suddenly appeared in class one day, 16_(wear)

sun glasses. He walked in as if he __17___ (buy) the school, And the word quickly got around that he was from New York City. For some reason he sat beside Mary. Mary felt __18_ (please), because there were many empty seats in the room. But she quickly realized that it wasn?t her, it was probably the fact that she sat in __19___last row. _20__ he thought he could escape attention by sitting at the back, he was wrong. It might have made it a little __21__ (hard) for everybody because it meant they had to turn around, but that didn?t stop the kids in the class. Of course whenever they turned to look at him, they had to look at Mary, _22__made her feel like a star. “Do you need those glasses for medical reasons?” the teacher asked .The new boy shook his head.”Then I?d appreciate it if you didn?t wear them in class .I like to look at your eyes when I?m speaking to you.” The new boy looked at the teacher __23__ a few seconds and all the other students wondered __24__ the boy would do .Then he took __25_ off , gave a big smile and said “That is cool ”

Ⅱ 阅读 (共两节, 满分 50 分) 第一节 阅读理解(共 20 小题;每小题 2 分,满分 40 分) 阅读下列短文,从每题所给的 A、B、C 和 D 项中,选出最佳选项,并在答题卡上将该项涂黑。 A “Have a nice day!” may be a pleasant gesture or a meaningless expression. When my friend Maxie says ?have a nice day? with a smile, I know she sincerely cares about what happens to me. I feel loved and secure since another person cares about me and wishes me well. ?Have a nice day, next!? this version of the expression is spoken by a salesgirl at the supermarket who is rushing me and my groceries out the door. The words come out in the same tone with a fixed procedure. They are spoken at me, not to me. Obviously, the concern for my day and everyone else?s is the management?s attempt to increase business. The expression is one of those behaviors that help people get along with each other. Sometimes in indicates the end of a meeting. As soon as you hear it, you know the meeting is at an end. Sometimes the expressions save us when we don?t know what to say. ?Oh, you just had a tooth out? I am terrible sorry, but have a nice day.? The expression can be pleasant. If a stranger says ?have a nice day? to you, you may find it

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heart-warming because someone you don?t know has tried to be nice to you. Although the use of the expression is an insincere, meaningless social custom at times, there is nothing wrong with the sentence except that it?s a little uninteresting. The salesgirl, the waitress, the teacher, and all the countless others who speak it without thinking may not really care about my day. But in a strange and comfortable way. It?s nice to know they care enough to pretend they care when their really don?t care all that much. While the expression may not often be sincere, it?s always spoken. The point is that people say it all the time when they like. 26. How does the author understand Maxi?s words? A. Maxie shows her anxiety to the author. B. Maxie really wishes the author a good day. C. Maxie encourages the author to stay happy. D. Maxie really worries about the author?s security. 27. What does the underlined sentence in Paragraph 2 mean? A. The salesgirl is rude. B. The salesgirl is bored. C. The salesgirl cares about me. D. The salesgirl says the words as a routine. 28.By saying“Have a nice day,”a stranger may _____. A. try to be polite to you B. express respect to you C. give his blessing to you D. share his pleasure with you 29.According to the last paragraph, people say“Have a nice day”_______. A. sincerely B. asthanks C. as a habit D. encouragingly 30. What is the best title of the passage? A. Have a Nice Day—a Social Custom B. Have a Nice Day—a Pleasant Gesture C. Have a Nice Day—a Heart-warming Greeting D. Have a Nice Day—a Polite Ending of a Conversation

B I have been consistently opposed to feeding a baby regularly. As a doctor, mother and scientist in child development I believe there is nothing to recommend it, from the baby?s point of view. Mothers, doctors and nurse alike have no idea of where a baby?s blood sugar level lies. All we know is that a low level is harmful to brain development and makes a baby easily annoyed. In this state, the baby is difficult to calm down and sleep is impossible. The baby asks for attention by crying and searching for food with its mouth. It is not just unkind but also dangerous to say a four-hourly feeding schedule will make a baby satisfied. The first of the experts to advocate a strict clock-watching schedule was Dr Frederic Truby King who was against feeding in the night. I?ve never heard anything so ridiculous. Baby feeding shouldn?t follow a

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timetable set by the mum. What is important is feeding a baby in the best way, though it may cause some inconvenience in the first few weeks. Well, at last we have copper-bottomed research that supports demand feeding and points out the weaknesses of strictly timed feeding. The research finds out that babies who are fed on demand do better at school at age 5, 7, 11 and 14, than babies fed according to the clock. By the age of 8, their IQ (智商) scores are four to five percent higher than babies fed by a rigid timetable. This Research comes from Oxford and Essex University using a sample (样本)of 10,419 children born in the early 1990s,taking account of parental education, family income, a child?s sex and age, the mother?s health and feeling style. These results don?t surprise me. Feeling according to schedule runs the risk of harming the rapidly growing brain by taking no account of sinking blood sugar levels. I hope this research will put an end to advocating strictly timed baby feeling practices. 31. According to Paragraph 2, one reason why a baby cries is that it feels______. A. sick B. upset C. sleepy D. hungry 32. What does the author think about Dr King? A. He is strict B. He is unkind C. He has the wrong idea. D. He sets a timetable for mothers 33. The word copper-bottomed in Paragraph 4 is closest in meaning to _________. A. basic B. reliable C. surprising D. interesting 34. What does the research tell us about feeling a baby on demand? A. The baby will sleep well. B. The baby will have its brain harmed. C. The baby will have a low blood sugar level. D. The baby will grow to be wiser by the age of 8. 35. The author supports feeling the baby_______. A. in the night B. every four hours C. whenever it wants food D. according to its blood sugar level

C I was blind, but I was ashamed of it if it was known. I refused to use a white stick and hated asking for help. After all, I was a teenager girl, and I couldn?t bear people to look at me and think I was not like them. I must have been a terrible danger on the roads, coming across me wandering through the traffic; motorists probably would have to step rapidly on their brakes. Apart from that, there were all sorts of disasters that used to occur on the way to and from work. One evening, I got off the bus about halfway home where I had to change buses, and as usual I ran into something, “I?m awfully sorry,” said and stepped forward only to run into it again. When it happened a third I time, I realized I had been apologizing to a lamppost. This was just one of the stupid things that constantly happened to me. So I carried on and found the bus stop, which was a request stop, where the bus wouldn?t stop unless passengers wanted to get on or off. No one else was there and I had to try to guess if the bus had arrived.

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Generally in this situation, because I hated showing I was blind by asking for help, I tried to guess at the sound. Sometimes I would stop a big lorry and stand there feeling stupid as it drew away. In the end, usually managed to swallow my pride and ask someone at the stop for help. But on this particular evening no one joined me at the stop; It seemed that everyone had suddenly decided not to travel by bus. Of course I heard plenty of buses pass, or I thought I did. But because I had given up stopping them for fear of making a fool of myself, I let them all go by. I stood there alone for half an hour without stopping one. Then I gave up. I decided to walk on to the next stop. 36. The girl refused to ask for help because she thought_________. A. she might be recognized B. asking for help looked silly C. she was normal and independent D. being fond blind was embarrassing 37. After the girl got off the bus that evening, she_________. A. began to run B. hit a person as usual C. hit a lamppost by accident D. was caught by something 38. At the request stop that evening, the girl___________. A. stopped a big lorry B. stopped the wrong bus C. made no attempt to stop the bus D. was not noticed by other people 39. What was the problem with guessing at the sound to stop a bus? A. Other vehicles also stopped there. B. It was unreliable for making judgments. C. More Lorries than buses responded to the girl. D. It took too much time for the girl to catch the bus. 40. Finally the girl decided to walk to the next stop, hoping__________. A. to find people there B. to find more buses there C. to find the bus by herself there D. to find people more helpful there

D Sports account for a growing amount of income made on the sales of commercial time by television companies. Many television companies have used sports to attract viewers from particular sections of the general public, and then they have sold audiences to advertisers. An attraction of sport programs for the major U.S. media companies is that events are often held on Saturday and Sunday afternoons—the slowest time periods of the week for general television viewing. Sport events are the most popular weekend programs, especially among male viewers who may not watch much television at other times during the week. This means the television networks are able to sell advertising time at relatively high prices during what normally would be dead time for programming. Media corporations also use sports to attract commercial sponsors that might take their advertising

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dollars elsewhere if television stations did not report certain sports. The people in the advertising departments of major corporations realize that sports attract made viewers. They also realize that most business travelers are men and that many men make family decisions on the purchases of computers, cars and life insurance. Golf and tennis are special cases for television programming. These sports attract few viewers, and the ratings(收视率)are unusually low. However, the audience for these sports is attractive to certain advertisers. It is made up of people from the highest income groups in the United States, to certain advertisers. It is made up of people from the highest income groups in the United States, including many lawyers and business managers. This is why television reporting of golf and tennis is sponsored by companies selling high-priced cars. Business and personal computer, and holiday trips .This is also why the networks continue to carry these programs regardless of low ratings. Advertisers are willing to pay high fees to reach high-income consumers and those managers who make decisions to buy thousands of “company cars” and computer, with such viewers; these programs don?t need high ratings to stay on the air. 41. Television sport programs on weekend afternoons . A. result in more sport event B. gets more viewers to play sports C. makes more people interested in television D. bring more money to the television networks 42. Why would weekend afternoons become dead time without sport programs? A. Because there would be few viewers B. Because the advertisers would be off work C. Because television programs would go slowly D. Because viewers would pay less for watching television 43. In many families, men make decision on . A. holiday B. sports viewing C. television shopping D. expensive purchases 44. The ratings are not important for golf and tennis programs because . A. their advertisers are carmakers B. their viewers are attracted by sports C. their advertisers target at rich people D. their viewers can afford expensive cars 45. What is the passage mainly about? A. Television viewers are determined by male viewers B. Rich viewers contribute most to television companies C. Sports are gaining importance in advertising on television D. Commercial advertisers are the major sponsors of sport event 第二节 信息匹配(共 5 小题;每小题 2 分,满分 10 分) 阅读下列应用文及相关信息,并按照要求匹配信息。请在答题卡上将对应题号的相应选项字母涂 黑。 首先阅读下列某实习编辑从一组读者来信中整理出来的关键备忘信息: A B Hobbies: reading, listening to music and Hobbies: reading, singing and traveling 38 中国广东珠海忠良教育 watching birds Purpose: learning about ideas of teaching professionals in the world Purpose: asking for spare copies of textbooks, teaching materials or journals

蒋勋建

忠良教育

C Hobbies: role-playing, listening to music and collecting nice things Purpose: communicating with new friends among English teachers from the UK and the USA

D Hobbies: reading and exchanging fancy gifts and ideas about local customs and conventions Purpose: exchanging ideas on teaching methods

E Hobbies: listening to western pop music, exchanging gifts and collecting things Purpose: making friends with both fellow teachers and students of English around the world

F Hobbies: swimming, cycling and raising cats and dogs Purpose: finding pen friends all over the world and communicating in English

以下信函为上面关键备忘信息的来源。为有效管理资料,请将关键备忘信息与信函原件匹配起来。

46.

Dear Editor, I am a secondary school teacher of English. I would like to have pen friends all over the world for my students. They are aged 15-19 and good at swimming, cycling and raising cats and dogs. If students in your country are interested in corresponding with Turkish students in English, please tell them to write to my address, so that I can distribute their letters to my students who are willing to have friends and are in need of practice. Ms. Imbat 81030, Istanbul Turkey

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47.

Dear Editor, I am interested in corresponding with other TEFL teachers and researchers about issues of professional development. I would like to share ideas with fellow teachers from English-speaking countries throughout the world. My hobbies are reading, listening to music and watching birds. Since I live in a rather isolated area, I would appreciate any spare copies if text books, teaching materials or journals that other teachers would be able to send me. Ms. Juliana Sirait

21214,Kisaran Indonesia

48. Dear Editor I am a 33-year-old secondary school teacher of English in Hungary. I would like to make new friends among English teachers mainly from English, the USA, Switzerland, and Scandinavia. I am interested in role-playing and team work , I would also like to correspond with colleagues all over the world with the same hobbies as mine: collecting nice things, listening to music, reading and traveling Mariann Nyari 6724, Szeged , Tavasz1/B Hungary

21214,Kisaran Indonesia

49. Dear Editor, I am a 23-year-old Peace Corps Volunteer teaching secondary English in Equatorial Guinea. This is my first experience teaching formally, so I would like to know some of the ideas of all you professionals out there in the world. Letters do not have to be all business. When the school day ends; I would enjoy hearing from you. I enjoy reading. Singing, traveling and so on. Kury W.Cobham AP Box 456 Equatorial Guinea

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50.

Dear Editor, I?m a 30-year-old teacher of English at a middle school. I?d be happy to make friends with both fellow teachers and students of English around the world. I also wish to find pen friends for my students between 13 and 20 years old. My interests are letter writing, listening to western pop music, exchanging gifts, and collecting stamps, maps, picture postcards and coins. Mr.S. Thevachandra 47/1,Kalm Unai Sri Lanka

Ⅲ 写作 (共两节,满分 40 分)

第一节 基础写作 (共 1 小题;满分 15 分) 你接受了一项写作任务,要为英语校报写一篇人物介绍。 【写作内容】 请根据以下信息,介绍一位传奇人物 姓 名:Allan Stewart 国 籍:澳大利亚 出生日期:1915 年 3 月 7 日 世界纪录:2006 年获硕士学位时年龄最大 学习态度:挑战自我,永远为时不晚。 第一个学位:1936 年获得 第二个学位:医学博士 第三个学位:80 多岁时决定学习法律,2006 年获得硕士学位。 第四个学位:2012 年通过网络学习获得,善于合理安排学习时间,受到老师表扬。 *硕士学位:master?s degree; **博士:doctor [写作要求]

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只能用 5 个句子表达全部内容 [评分标准] 句子结构准确,信息内容完整,篇章连贯。

第二节 读写任务(共 1 小题;满分 25 分) 阅读下面短文,然后按要求写一篇 150 词左右的英语短文。 My husband received a letter a month ago a young woman who had been his student when she was in middle school. She was writing because she wanted to thank for having a great influence in her life. In the letter she wrote,“You were the teacher who helped me discover my talent for math. Before you came to teach us, I had been terribly poor at math, and had never thought that I would be interested in it. To my surprise, you magically showed me the beauty of math. I guess that was the turning point of my attitude towards it. Gradually my interest in it began to grow. Thanks to your encouragement, I made continuous progress in math, and finally made up my mind to study it in the university. Today I am working as an accountant at Valley Medical Center in California. You played an important part. Thank you!” What a wonderful gift to a retired teacher! My husband has received many letters from students over the years. This one was special, for it arrived at this time in his life when he is in very poor health. [写作内容] 1.以约 30 个词概括上文的主要内容。 2.以约 120 个词就老师影响学生的话题谈谈你的想法,内容包括: (1)上文使你想起哪位对你帮助最大的老师; (2)举例说明该老师对你学习或成长的影响; (3)你怎样看待老师对学生的影响。 [写作要求] 1.作文中可以使用亲身经历或虚构的故事,也可以参照阅读材料的内容,但不得直接引用原文中 的句子。 2.作文中不能出现真实姓名和学校名称。 [评分标准]

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概括准确,语言规范,内容合适,语篇连贯。

2012 年普通高等学校招生全国统一考试(广东卷)

英语参考答案及评分标准
Ⅰ 语言知识及应用(共两节。满分 35 分) 第一节 完形填空(共 15 小题;每小题 2 分,满分 30 分) 1—5 ACDAC 6—10 DADBA 11—15 DBCBC

第二节 语法填空(共 10 小题;每小题 1.5 分,满分 15 分) 16.wearing 21.harder 17.had bought 22.which 18.pleased 23.for 19.the 24.what 20.If(没大写不给分) 25.them

Ⅱ 阅读 (共两节, 满分 50 分) 第一节 阅读理解(共 20 小题;每小题 2 分,满分 40 分) 26—30BDACA 31—35DCBDC 36—40DCCBA 41—45DADCC

第二节 信息匹配(共 5 小题;每小题 2 分,满分 10 分) 46—50FACBE III 写作(共两节,满分 40 分) 第一节:基础写作(共 1 小题;满分 15 分)

基础写作评分说明 基础写作主要考查考生语言结构的应用能力:能够用正确、规范的语言表达特定的内容。 本试题要求考生根据所提供的信息,使用 5 个句子表达【写作内容】所提供的全部内容。命题思 想是希望考生在表达这些内容时能够: ● 正确使用同位语、分词短语等来整合信息。 ● 正确使用复合句, 比如: 宾语从句、 主语从句、 状语从句等。 例如: is reported that the Chinese It version of the book began to sell in China early 2011. 评分时,应注意以下几个方面: 1. 按照评分标准,实行分析法评分:按语言、内容和连贯三项标准分别给分; 2. 在语言方面,重点评判句子的语法结构是否正确、用词是否规范、考生是否使用了合适的句 子结构; 3. 在内容方面,重点评判考生是否表达了所提供的全部信息;如果考生在表达完整的内容时, 适当添加一些内容,不扣分;

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4. 在连贯方面,重点评判 5 个句子是否构成一篇连贯的短文。 基础写作评分标准 7—8 具有很好的语言运用能力;语法和句子结构准确性高, 词汇方面使用 较好,只有少许错误。 语 言 3—4 5—6 具有较好的语言运用能力;语法和句子结构准确性较好,有一些语法 结构或词汇方面的错误,但不影响理解。 语言运用能力一般;语法和句子结构基本准确, 语法结构或词汇方面 的错误不影响理解。 1—2 语言运用能力较差;语法和句子结构不够准确, 语法结构或词汇方面 的错误较多,而且影响了对句子意义的理解。 0 语言运用能力很差;语法、语法结构、词汇错误很多,句子意义无法 理解。 备注 5 4 内 容 3 2 1 0 2 连 贯 1.5 1 0 备注 每多或少写一个句子,扣 1 分。 包括了所有信息内容。 包括了大部分信息内容。 包括了基本信息内容。 包括了小部分信息内容。 包括了少许信息内容。 没有包括所提供的信息内容。 内容连贯,而且结构紧凑。 内容连贯性比较好,而且结构比较紧凑。 内容连贯性较差,而且结构不够紧凑。 内容缺乏连贯性,而且结构松散。 文不对题,给 0 分

读写任务评分标准 项目 分值 5 概括 4 3 2 评分标准 按照要求概括了全部主要信息,没有增加与原文无关的信息,没有照 抄原文的句子。语言结构正确,行文规范。 基本按照要求概括了主要信息,没有增加与原文无关的信息,没有照 抄原文的句子。语言结构正确,行文规范。 基本按照要求概括了主要信息,但包含一些不相关的信息, 有较多的 抄袭。语言结构基本正确,行文比较规范。 不能按照要求概括主要信息, 包含较多不相关的信息, 有较多的抄袭。 语言结构不够准确,行文不够规范。

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0—1 18—20

没有按照要求概括主要信息, 基本是不相关的信息, 大多数句子都抄 自原文。语言结构不准确,行文不规范。 包含题目所给全部或绝大部分的内容要点。主题明确,内容丰富。词 汇丰富, 用词得当。 能有效运用合适的语言结构, 而且没有 (或极少) 语法错误。 篇章结构的连贯性好。 包含题目所给全部或绝大部分的内容要点。 主题明确, 个别内容不准 确或不相关。 词汇较丰富,有个别用词错误。较好地运用了合适的语言结构,有少 许的语法错误。 篇章结构连贯性较好。 包含题目所给全部或绝大部分的内容要点。 主题比较明确, 个别内容 不准确或不相关。 词汇较丰富,有个别用词错误。较好地运用了合适的语言结构,有少 许的语法错误。 篇章结构基本连贯。 包含题目所给的部分内容要点。主题基本较明确,有些内容不准确或 不相关。 词汇有限,有较多的用词错误。语言结构出现较多的语法错误。 篇章结构的连贯性较差。 只包含题目所给的个别内容要点。 多数内容不相关或不准确。文章有 些地方照抄原文。 词汇贫乏,有较多的用词错误。大多数的句子出现语法错误。 篇章结构的连贯性差。 只包含与题目所给要点内容有关的一些单词。主题不明确, 文章基本 照抄原文。 词汇及其贫乏,基本不能正确用词。几乎没有正确的句子。篇章结构 凌乱。 以下几种情况,给 0 分: 1)完全抄袭原文(或其它文章) ; 2)文不对题; 3)只写一些零散的单词,完全没有表达完整的内容。

写作 14—17

11—13

7—10

4—6

1—3

0

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