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Unit 4 Earthquakes
Language Study 南昌大学附中 周小红

Word guessing:
1. Of no use --- useless 2. A lot of --- a great number of 3. Finished --at an end<

br />
4. All the people in a country --- nation 5. Matter that is not clean --- dirt

6. Very great in degree --- extreme
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Word guessing:
7.Immediately --- right away 8. Gas that hot water gives out --- steam 9. Make some one feel very surprised --- shock 10. Metal bars that a train moves along --- track 11. Save something or somebody from danger --- rescue 12. The part of a buiding left after the rest has been destroyed --- ruin

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Talk about Tangshan Earthquake

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Strange things happened before the earthquake
1. Wells --- deep cracks, a smelly gas

2. Farmyards --- too nervous to eat, bowls, ponds

3. The water pipes --- crack, burst

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Important sentences:
1. The chickens and even the pigs were too nervous to eat = The chickens and even the pigs were so nervous that they didn’t want to eat. 注意: too与表示人的心理状态的形容词连用时,表示肯定 意义,“非常”的意思。这些形容词有:happy, glad, ready, anxious,eager 等。 Eg: we are too glad to help you 我们非常乐意帮助你。

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2. But the one million people of the city, who thought little of these events,were asleep as usual that night. think little of: 没有想到,对……不当一回事。who 引导的是非限定性定语从句,先行词为 the one million pepole of the city. think ... of … think highly of 看重,器重 think well of 重视,认为…好 think poorly of 轻视 think nothing of 认为…不好

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The earthquake destroyed the city of Tangshan
1. A huge crack: cut across the houses, roads and canals 2. Steam: burst from holes in the ground.

3. Hard hills of rock: became rivers of dirt.

4. People : died, injured, homeless.

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Important Sentences:
1. It seemed as if the world was at an end.
It seem (/seemed) as if … 好像,仿佛 e.g . It seems as if nothing has happened

at an end 结束,终结 e.g. The war was at an end.
at the end of 在……尽头,在……末 e.g. Go straight and you’ll find the hospital at the end of the road. by the end of 直到…末,主句一般用完成时
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Important Sentence:
2. In fifteen terrible seconds a large city lay in ruins .

lie—lay---lain 处于某种状态
Eg. The whole area has lain

waste for many years
整个地区多年来一直荒芜在那里。

In ruins: 毁坏了。
Eg. The city was in ruins at the end of the war.

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3.The number of the people were killed or injured reached more than 400,00 A number of + 可数名词复数 许多,大量. number 前可以 用 large,great,small 来修饰。 谓语用复数形式。 eg. A great number of people have visit the musem. the number of … 的数量,数目。当它作主语时, 相当于一个单数名词 . eg. The number of tasks is fairly small this year.

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The people were very shocked at the destruction
1. hospitals, factories, buildings, homes – were gone 2.Bricks --- like red antumn leaves 3.dams --- fell 4.bridges ---fell. not safe for travelling 5.the railway tracks --- useless pieces of steel 6.cows --- never give milk again 7.Pigs, chickens --- were dead 8.The recue workers and doctors --- were trapped under the ruin 9.buildings --- fell down. 10.Water, food and electricty --- hard to get
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Important Sentences:
1.Every where they looked nearly everything was destroyed.

让步状语从句 everywhere :连词,相当于 wherever 或no matter where eg. 1. You can see it everwhere you look 无论你往哪儿看,你都会看到它。 2. Everywhere I go I find the same thing. 无论我去哪儿,我都看到同样的东西。

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The army came to help the surviviors,bringing hope for a new life.
1. People --- were helped 2.The army --- or ganized teams to dig out people who were trapped and to bury the dead 3.Miners --- were rescued from the coal mines

4.Workers --- built shelters for surivors.
5.Fresh water --- was taken to the city.

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Important Sentences:
1. All hope was not lost. 不是所有的希望多破灭了。

all … not = not all 部分否定,“不是所有的”,“并非所以的”

完全否定:none of
eg. (1) Not all the girls left = Only some of the girls left. (2) We conldn’t eat in a restaurant because none of us had any money on us.

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2. To the north of the city, most of the 10,000 miners were rescued from the coal mines, 表示位置关系:in表示在范围 内,to表示在范围外(不接壤),on表示接壤(在范围外) eg. (1) China lies in the east of Asia. (2) Japan lies to the east of China. (3) China faces the Pacific on the east.

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·
3. Slowly, the city began to breathe again. 慢慢地,这个城市又开始出现生机。

breathe 拟人化的用法。
eg. (1) The city of New York never sleeps. 2) The flowers nodded in the breeze and spoke from the heart. 花儿在微风中点头,发出内心倾诉。

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Fill in the blanks with the right form 1 The city lay in ruins (废墟)afer the earthquake 2 A number of people were trapped(使陷入困境) in the burning building 3 That boy was really lucky. After being caught in his car for sixty hours he was rescued (营救). 4 Hundreds of people were injured (受伤) when the train went off the rail. 5 That night the high fence gave us someshelter(掩蔽) from the sandstorm , or we wouldn’t have been back here. 6 It shocked (震惊)me to see how my neighbours treated their children . .
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. Fill in the blanks using the right words: (lives, reach, hide, trying, survive, falling, finding, studying, chance, rather than, staying, played, film, advice, describing) The light is swaying (摇动) . The building is shaking. A woman with a baby in Finding her arms is trying to open the door, but she can’t . no way, she rushes into her bedroom and there they survive . In a factory , as the workshop floor sways under the terrible shaking , workers run for safety . Some hide under the machines and survive , but others who try to run outside are killed by the falling ceilings (天花板) . These scenes , played by actors and actresses , are from a film of CCTV , which is about the Tangshan Earthquake on July 28,1976. By studying the actual cases, we’ve learned that the building is all right for the first twelve seconds of an earthquake. In this short time , one has the best chance of surviving an earthquake by stayingnear the inside walls, in bedrooms or under beds. ―Earthquakes seem to catch the lives of those who run,‖ said many survivors in the earthquake areas, describing how their friends were killed as they tried to get out of the building . Their advicewas proved in the film ―Take a hiding place where you are rather than run , unless you are sure you can reach a safe open place in ten seconds.‖
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