宾语从句 宾语从句的考查主要集中在以下几个方面： 1. 引导宾语从句的连词和代词选择； 2. 宾语从句的语序； 3. 宾语从句的时态。 一. 宾语从句的种类 宾语从句是一种名词性从句，在句中作及物动词的宾语，或介词的宾语， 或形容词的宾语。根据引导宾语从句的不同连词，宾语从句可分为三类。 1. 由 that 引导的宾语从句。可以省略。例如： He said (that) he w
anted to stay at home. 2. 由连接代词 who, whom, whose, what, which 和连接副词 when, where, why, how 引导的宾语从句。 例如： Do you know who (whom) they are waiting foe? He asked whose handwriting was the best. 3. 由 if 或 whether 引导的宾语从句。意思是“是否”。例如： I want to know if (whether) he lives there. 二. 宾语从句的语序 宾语从句的语序应为陈述句的语序。例如： Can you tell me how I can get to zoo? Please tell me when we’ll have the meeting. 三. 宾语从句的时态 1. 如果主句的时态是一般现在时，宾语从句该用什么时态就用什么时态。 如：I don’t think (that) you are right. Can you tell me how I can get to the railway station? 2. 如果主句的时态是一般过去时，宾语从句只能用相应的过去时态（一般过去 时， 过去进行时， 过去将来时，过去完成时）。例如： He asked what time it was. He asked if you had written to Peter. 3. 如果宾语从句所陈述的是客观真理，其时态常用一般现在时。例如：Our teacher said that January is the first month of the year. Scientists have proved that the earth turns around the sun. 注意难点： 1.if 和 when 的双重性。他们既可以引导宾语从句，也可以引导状语从句。 如： 1)Can you tell me when(什么时候)he will come? When(当?时)he comes,I will tell you. 2)I don’t know if (是否)he will come.
He will come,if(如果)it doesn’t rain. 2.Could Could you you??为请求语，不是过去式。 tell me where he lives?
一. 单项填空 1. Do you know _______ during the coming summer holiday? A. what will Tom do B. what did Tom do C. what Tom will do D. what Tom did 2. I want to know_________. A. what is his name B. what’s his name C. that his name is D. what his name is 3. Do you know ________ I could pass the exam? A. that B. whether C. what D. which 4. Jim doesn’t understand ____________. A. which is the way to the museum B. why his wife always goes shopping C. what is the way to the museum D. why does she always go shopping 5. ---Could you tell me ______ she is looking for? A. that B. whose C. who D. which 6. Mr. King didn’t know _______ yesterday evening. A. when does his son come home B. when his son comes home C. when did his son come home D. when his son came home 7. Could you tell me _______ the bike this morning? A. how does he mend B. how he mends C. how he mended D. how did he mend 8. ---I’m waiting for the mail. Do you know ________ it will arrive? ---Usually it comes by 4: 00. A. how B. where C. when D. what 9. ---Excuse me, would you please tell me ________? ---Certainly. Go straight along here. It’s next to a hospital. A. how we can get to the post office B. how can we get to the post office C. how get to the post office D. how could we get to the post office 10. ---Can I help you? ---Yes. I’d like a ticket to Mount Emei. Can you tell me ______ take to get there? A. how soon will it B. how soon it will C. how long it will D. how long will it 11. He wanted to know ___________.
A. whether he speaks at the meeting B. when the meeting would start C. what he’s going to do at the meeting D. where would the meeting be held 12. ---Could you tell me _________ the Bamboo Garden? ---The day after tomorrow, I think. A. when will you visit B. when you will visit C. when would you visit D. when you would visit 13. Would you please tell me _________ next, Mr. Wang? A. what should we do B. we should do what C. what we should do D. should we do what 14. You can’t imagine _________ when they received these nice Christmas presents. A. how they were excited B. how excited they were C. how excited were they D. they were how excited 15. I want to know ________ you will come back at 8:00 tomorrow. A. that B. when C. where D. whether 16. ---Could you tell me ____________? ---Sorry, I don’t know. I was not at the meeting. A. what does he say at the meeting B. what did he say at the meeting C. what he says at the meeting D. what he said at the meeting 17. ---Could you tell me _________ last night? ---Er, I was watching Euro 2004 at home. A. what you were doing B. what were you doing C. what you are doing D. what are you doing 18. The teacher asked the students __________. A. if they were interested in dinosaurs B. when was Albert Einstein born C. what they will do with the computers D. how many trees they have planted 19. He told me that he____me tomorrow. A.called B.would call C.will call D.call 20.The teacher said they____a surprise party for her. A.are having B.would have C.were having D.had 二、应用所给动词的正确形式填空： 1、I won't return the book to the library because I____(not finish) reading it. 2、As soon as he see me, he _______to speak to me. (stop)
3、I hope he _______(come) back in a week. 4、It _______(rain) hard when I got to the factory this morning. 5、The old man told the children ____(not walk) in the rice fields. 6、He told me he ---------(help) her with her maths the next evening. 7、She says they_______(know) each other for quite some time. 8、If it-------(not rain) tomorrow, we ——_(visit) the Pople's Museum. 9、John -------_(write) something when I _______(go) to see him. 10、Our teacher told us that light----------(travel) much faster than sound. 11、When I got to the cinema, the film _______(begin) 12、Mike asked me if we----------_(ask) any questions the next class. 13、Will you come and stay with us for a while when you _______(finish) doing your homework? 14、 Comrade Wang didn't know if there---------_(be) on English evening that day. 15、 Please tell me if she -------_(come) again next time.If he----- (come),please tell me. 答案 单项选择: 1—5:DDBBC; 6—10:DCCAB; 11—15:BBCBD; 动词正确形式填空: 1.haven’t finished 2.will stop 3.will come 4.was raining 5.not to walk 6.would help 7.have known 8.doesn’t rain will visit 9.was writing went 10.travels 11.has been on 12.would ask 13.finish 14.was 15.will come comes 16—20:DAABB
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