命题人：马晓玲 邓婷 审题人：向 奕
红岭中学 2011－2012 学年度第一学期
高一第一学段考试 英语《必修 1》试卷能力部分
( 说明：本试卷考试时间为 90 分钟，全卷满分值 100 分。本试卷共 7 页。 ） 注意事项: 1、答题前，考生务必将自己的姓名、 学号、 座位号
、 考试科目等用 2B 铅笔涂写在答题卡上。 2、每小题选出答案后，用 2B 铅笔把答题卡上对应题目的答案标号涂黑。如需改动，用橡皮擦干净 后，再选涂其它答案标号。不能只答在试卷上。
一、完形填空（共 15 小题；每小题 2 分，满分 30 分） 阅读下面短文，掌握基本大意，然后从 56－70 各题所给的四个选项（A、B、C 和 D）中，选 出最佳选项，并在答题卡上将该选项标号涂黑。 It happened in Sacramento on December 16 after spending nearly 2 years in an animal shelter, “Mikey” has ___56___ with his owner and is finally home. Mikey had been separated from Matthew after he and his wife ___57___. Matthew explained his ex-wife had ___58___ Mikey until she moved and her landlord would not allow dogs. “The landlord told me she was taking him to a ___59___,” he said. By that time, Matthew had moved to Sacramento, where he was also living in an apartment that did not allow ___60___. Matthew even asked friends to take Mikey in, but had no luck. “I thought I?d never see Mikey again.” 18 months later when he was having trouble ___61___, Matthew began surfing the Internet at midnight, and found himself at Google. “Out of curiosity I ___62___ ?Tahoe Mikey?,” Matthew explained. “And there he was, the very first ___63___: staring at me was Mikey!” Matthew worried that Mikey was possibly no longer at the shelter. He sent an email to the organization that had ___64___ Mikey?s photo. Connie Nowlin of the Wylie Animal Rescue Foundation (WARF) contacted Matthew and Mikey?s ___65___ was confirmed. Mikey had been at the shelter for 18 months. “Mikey was so ___66___. WARF took really good care of him,” he said. “It had ___67___ who would take him for long walks, and people would bring him home to play.” A few days later Matthew made the two-hour journey to WARF. Mikey ___68___ him right away and was ready to go home. Samantha, one of the workers of WARF, said the reunion must have been very meaningful. “He was adopted two weeks ago, but was brought back because one of the roommates wasn?t ___69___ with him,” she said. “Mikey is now back home where he belongs. I?m so ___70___ to WARF and all the volunteers. We?ll have a very merry Christmas,” said Matthew.
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56. A. reunited 57. A. argued 58. A. cured 59. A. stranger 60. A. lectures 61. A. exercising 62. A. painted 63. A. breakthrough 64. A. deleted 65. A. identity 66. A. lucky 67. A. employees 68. A. followed 69. A. strict 70. A. loyal
B. played B. divorced B. equipped B. zoo B. parties B. breathing B. typed B. result B. discussed B. food B. clever B. volunteers B. assumed B. familiar B. grateful
C. communicated C. debated C. searched C. shelter C. dances C. sleeping C. renamed C. reply C. posted C. hobby C. lovely C. organizers C. recognized C. comfortable C. close
D. battled D. struggled D. kept D. hospital D. pets D. drinking D. drew D. adjustment D. collected D. adventure D. strong D. coaches D. accepted D. careful D. indifferent
二、语法填空（共 10 小题；每小题 1 分，满分 10 分） 阅读下面短文，根据上下文填入适当的词语，或使用括号中的词语的适当形式填空，并将答案 填写在答题卷上标号为 71—80 的相应位置。 When ___71___ comes to raising girls, today?s moms have plenty to worry about: self-image, depression, ___72___ (eat) disorders, and, of course, a culture that ___73___ (teach) women that their worth is ___74___ much about their beauty as it is about their smarts; Peggy Orestein knows this all too well: she ___75___ (write) about girls for years as a critic for The New York Times, and her 1994 book Schoolgirls: Young Women, Self Esteem, and the Confidence Gap was a bestseller, all of ___76___ is why , when Orenstein got pregnant, she kept to ___77___ a dirty secret. “I was terrified ___78___ the thought of having a daughter,” she writes. “I was supposed to be ___79___ expert on girls? behavior. What ___80___, after all that, I wasn?t up to the challenge myself? What if I couldn?t raise the ideal daughter?” 三、阅读理解（共 25 小题；每小题 2 分，满分 50 分） 阅读下列短文，从每题所给的四个选项（A、B、C 和 D）中，选出最佳选项, 并在答题卡上将 该项涂黑。 A My name is Nickayla. I love acting and performing. I had auditioned (试演) for the part of Young Nala in The Lion King before, but I was always too young and small for the role. I went into my latest Lion King audition well prepared. But I tried not to get too excited, in case it was another disappointment. A few days later, my grandmother arrived at school holding balloons and flowers. I was confused for a second, but then I knew. I had gotten the part! I screamed (尖叫), and everybody asked me what had happened. I had just gotten a huge role——on Broadway! I was on my way to New York!
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Leaving my home in Maryland was hard. I was moving away from my friends and my home, but I was so excited. Just a few weeks later, my grandma and I moved to an apartment not far from the theater where I?d be working. Some other actors and I started rehearsing (排练) scenes and practicing singing and acting almost every day of the week. After a month or so, I joined the show. All of this would be a lot harder for me if I wasn?t able to talk to my mom every day—— she?s still back in Maryland, and we talk all the time by phone, text or IM. The cast and crew (演职员) are really nice to me, too. It?s like I have a family at the theater. I can?t be in the show forever because sooner or later I?ll get too old to play Young Nala.but I won?t be leaving New York. I will get into a performing arts school here, and start may studies. Or maybe I?ll get to play the adult Nala when I get a little older. I?d love to do that. 81. From Paragraph 1, we know that Nickayla _________. A. played Young Nala very well C. was determined to watch The Lion King A. give her balloons and flowers C. bring her to New York A. Sad but excited. C. Excited but confused A. Her mom?s visit. C. Having another family. 85. Why can?t Nickayla be in the show forever? A. Because she will grow old. C. Because she won?t stay in New York. B. Because she will attend an arts school. D. Because she has to go back to school. B Larry Walters? boyhood dream was not an unusual one: He wanted to fly. What was unusual, though, was the way he fulfilled it. After finishing school, Larry joined the U.S. Air Force, but was rejected from pilot-training school because of poor eyesight. However, his dream remained. Larry, aged 33, was not a pilot, but a truck driver in Los Angeles. One day, while sitting outside in his lawn chair, Larry had his right moment. As he watched jets fly overhead, an idea came to him to use weather balloons to fly. A few weeks later, Larry bought 42 one-meter diameter weather balloons. He tied them to a lawn chair and filled them with helium (氢气). Then he sat down in the chair with some beer, sandwiches, and a BB gun. Larry?s plan was to float about 10 meters above his backyard, enjoy a few hours in the air, and then pop some balloons with his gun to get back down. But things did not go according to Larry?s plan. When his friends cut the anchor lines, Larry, lifted by the 42 balloons, shot skyward at an astonishing speed. He finally settled at an altitude of 4,000 meters. Afraid to pop any of the balloons, in case he should upset the balance of his “craft,” Larry sat, cold and frightened, in the sky with his beer and sandwiches for 14 hours.
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B. failed in her favourite role before D. was very excited about her latest performance B. stop her from screaming D. tell her good news B. Surprised and excited D. Sad and confused B. Talking to her mom. D. Watching others? performance..
82. Nickayla?s grandmother went to school mainly to _________.
83. How did Nickayla feel when she went to New York?
84. What MAKES Nickayla?s life less hard according to the last paragraph?
Airline pilots heading toward Los Angeles? busy international airport radioed in reports of the strange sight. Larry?s presence in the skies caused numerous planes to be rerouted. Eventually, Larry worked up the nerve to shoot a few balloons and slowly descended, landing in power lines. Uninjured, he climbed down to safety and was arrested by waiting police. When asked by a reporter why he had done it, Larry responded, “A man just can't sit around.” Larry fulfilled his dream, and set a record for a gas-filled balloon flight. But it cost him: He was later fined US$1,500 for violating (breaking) air safety regulations. 86. What was special about Larry?s dream? A. He kept his dream for many years. C. He tried to fly by joining the Air Force. 87. Why did Larry take a gun with him into the air? A. To keep himself safe in the sky. C. To keep the balance of his “aircraft”. 88. What is true about Larry?s flight? A. The balloons kept going up until he shot at them. B. Larry?s flight was headed toward a busy international airport. C. Larry had fastened his “aircraft” to somewhere before he took off. D. Larry had planned to break the record for a gas-filled balloon flight. 89. Why was he arrested? A. Because he flew too high to be safe. B. Because he broke the law on air security. C. Because he didn?t understand air safety regulations. D. Because airlines suffered economic loss because of him. 90. How did he feel after the flight? A. Proud. B. Afraid. C. Regretful. C A research team from Finland, the United States, China and Scotland is hopeful about the future of forests. Six experts in forestry science and economics say forest growth is on the rise in some countries and the number is increasing. Findings from the Forest Identity Project appeared in the Proceedings (Collections of papers) of the National Academy of Sciences in Washington. Pekka Kauppi of the University of Helsinki was the lead author of the study. Professor Kauppi says the findings suggest the world may be able to reach a turning point away from deforestation. Many experts have considered that impossible. But the researchers say it may be possible to expand the world's forests by ten percent, or an area the size of India, by 2050. They used information released last year by the Food and Agriculture Organization. The United Nations agency reported on changes in the world's forests between 1990 and 2005. The new study looked just at the fifty nations with the most forest. The researchers used a new way to measure forest resources. They considered more than just the amount of land covered by trees. They also considered forest density, tree size, biomass and the amount of atmospheric carbon captured (caught) in
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B. He wanted to fly since his childhood. D. He realized his dream in an extraordinary way. B. To shoot birds which were in his way. D. To shoot balloons to fall onto the earth.
forests. The biomass represents all plant and tree growth. The researchers say growing stock increased in twenty-two of the fifty countries. And, in about half of the fifty, biomass and carbon storage also increased. The researchers say forest area and biomass are still being lost in such important countries as Brazil and Indonesia. But they found gains in others, including the world's most populous nations. They say China and the United States had the greatest gains. And they say India has reached the right balance between forested and non-forested land. 91. What is true about the Forest Identity Project mentioned in Paragraph 1? A. It is conducted by scientists in forestry. B. It involves researchers from different countries. C. The results of this project haven?t got published yet. D. It is successful in increasing forest growth all over the world. 92. What does Professor Kauppi mean by “turning point”? A. Forest resources will stop increasing. C. Forest resources will continue to be in loss. 93. What is the old way to measure forest resources? A. Measuring the size of the trees. C. Considering all plant and tree growth. A. India. A. worried B. China. B. surprised B. Examining the atmosphere in forests. D. Calculating the area of land covered by trees. C. Brazil. C. optimistic D As you move around your home, take a good look at the things. It is likely that your living room will have a television and a video, and your kitchen a washing machine and a microwave oven. Your bedroom drawers will be filled with almost three times as many clothes as you need. You almost certainly own a car and possibly a home computer, holiday abroad at least once a year and eat out at least once a week. Now, perhaps, than ever before, people are wondering more what life is all about. Seeking material success is beginning to trouble some. They feel that the long hours? work culture for more money is turning them to other ways of living and downshifting is one of them. Six percent of workers in Britain took the decision to downshift last year. One couple who down-shifted is Daniel and Liz. Daniel used to work in central London as a newspaper reporter and Liz an international bank clerk. Most evenings, Daniel wouldn?t get home at eight or nine o?clock, and nearly twice a month he would have to fly to New York for meetings. They both earned a large amount of money but began to feel that life was passing them by. Nowadays, they run a farm in the mountains of Wales. “I always wanted to have a farm here,” says Daniel, “and we took almost a year to make the decision to downshift. It?s taken some getting used to, but it?s been worth it. We have to think twice now about spending money on car repairs. However, I think it?s made us stronger as a family, and the children are a lot happier.” D. The United States. D. pessimistic B. Forest resources will stop decreasing. D. Forest resources will continue to be on rise.
94. According to this study, which country is facing loss in Forest? 95. The research findings would make people ________ about the future of forests.
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Liz, however, is not uniquely sure. “I used to enjoy my job, even though it was hard work and long hours. I?m not really a country girl, but I suppose I?m gradually getting used to looking after the animals. One thing I do like, though, is being able to see more of my children.” 96. What does paragraph 1 intends to show to the readers? A. A new life people are seeking. C. Successful way to the future life. A. Having a happy family. C. Slowing down the pace of life. A. They live a more comfortable life. C. They earn more money on the farm. A. was easy to decide. C. has improved their family life. 100. According to the last paragraph, Liz __________. A. feels regretted about her decision B. gradually adapts to the life in Wales C. does not like to be a country girl at all D. enjoys life in countryside as much as his husband E Shopping in the United States is always a pleasant experience. There are different types of shops that operate to cater to your different needs. To buy groceries, you can go to the convenience store, the supermarket or the mass merchandiser (such as Wal-Mart). To buy some clothes and big-ticket items, you can go to the mall or factory outlets. Every grocery store has promotions on different kinds of products every week. Usually you can find a store weekly newspaper with featured promotions for that particular week. I am a bargain hunter, forward-buying a lot of daily products if I feel I need them in the future. Once, I saw a featured promotion on Pantene 2-in-1 shampoo plus conditioner. Although I did not need it at that time, I felt it was a great deal. So I decided to buy 2 bottles. However, I could not find any such Pantene on the shelf. I went to a sales clerk and asked if he could find any for me. He told me that the store was out of the stock and it would not have any in until the next week. The unfortunate thing was that by then the promotion would be over. However, the clerk told me that I could go to the customer service counter and I would be given a rain-check, which would guarantee the promotion price for me on that particular item. A shopping mall in the States is composed of many individual specialty shops and nationwide chain stores, such as Sears and JC Penny. What impresses me most when shopping at the mall is its return policy. No matter what you buy, shoes, pants or big-ticket items such as TV and VCR, if you find some problems with them or simply do not like them any longer, you return them within 30 days. You won?t be challenged at the customer service counter as long as you have your receipt. Of course there are some people who might
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B. Examples of material success. D. The trouble brought by the new life. B. Reducing the living expense. D. Running a farm in the countryside. B. They don?t need to repair their car. D. They spend more time with their children. B. has been a total success. D. could save them a lot of money.
97. The underlined word “downshifting” in the second paragraph means _________.
98. What is the change after Daniel and Liz come to Wales?
99. Daniel and Liz both agree that the move to the farm __________.
take advantage of this return policy, especially when they need something for a momentary use. That?s why you can always find a long line of people waiting to return their goods right after Christmas. 101. What does the word “big-ticket” in the first paragraph most probably mean? A. considerable B. high-priced C. name brand D. cheaper 102. According to the second paragraph, which of the following statements is TRUE? A. The author didn?t buy Pantene shampoo for he didn?t need it at that time. B. The author bought what he wanted with the help of the sales clerk. C. The author could buy Pantene in the following week at the promotion price. D. The author wouldn?t buy Pantene the next week for the promotion would be over. 103. In the eyes of the author, the return policy of the mall _________. A. is as good as promotions of grocery store C. benefits the customer A. there are some problems with their goods. B. they don?t like the goods any longer C. they are challenged at the customer service counter D. they want to use them only for a very short time 105. The best title for this passage is _________. A. Shopping Experience in the States C. The Choice of a Bargain Hunter B. Grocery Store or Shopping Mall D. Promotion and Return Policy B. is impressive but not pleasing D. takes advantage of greedy people
104. The author thinks many people will return their goods right after Christmas because _______.
四、单词填空（共 5 小题；每小题 2 分，满分 10 分） 请根据下列汉语提示或括号中所给单词的适当形式补全句子。 （注意： 请将答案填在答题卷上。 ） 106. It was the second time that I ________ ________ (遇见) him in the bookstore. 107. It is hard __________ him __________ finish the task in such a short time. (对于他来讲是困难的) 108. The newly broadened square is four times _________ _______ of the previous one. (四倍大) 109. The boy is so timidity that he doesn?t __________ ________ give a speech before the audience. (不敢) 110. The problem _________ _________ by him arouse so much attention at the meeting. (由他提出的)
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