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2014《湖南省普通高中学业水平考试要点解读》英语


Module 1 Unit 1 School life

1.检测与校园生活话题有关的词汇的识记、理解和运用。 2.检测定语从句 that, which, who, whom 和 whose 的用法。 3.检测与校园生活话题有关的读写能力。

(一)重点单词默写 1.有乐趣的 adj. 2.获得,赚,挣得 vt. 3.致力于,献身 vt.

4.一般的,普通的,平均的 adj. 5.具有挑战性的 adj. 6.额外的,外加的 adj. 7.准备 n. 8.满意 n. 9.交流,交换 n.& vt. 10.经历,体验 vt. 11.毕业,毕业生 vi.& n. 12.捐赠 vt. 13.通知,告知 vt. 14.批准,通过,赞成 vt.& vi. 15.选择,挑选 vt.

(二)重点短语默写 1.免费的 2.爱好,喜爱 3.负责,掌管 4.回顾,回忆 5.利用 (一)词汇解读 1.experience n. [C] 经历,阅历 [U] 经验 v.体验,经历 【基本构词】experienced adj. 有经验的 【短语搭配】 have experience in /of doing sth 有做某事的经验 be experienced in /at doing sth 做 某事有经验 experienced teachers 有经验的教师 【典型例句】I know from experience that he will arrive late.据我的经验,他会迟到的。 2.devote v. 将??奉献(给) ,把??专用(于) 【短语搭配】devote...to...把??献给,把??专用于 devote oneself to 致力于,献身于,专 心于 【典型例句】He devoted himself to writing.他专心写作。 He has devoted his whole life to benefiting mankind.他把一生都献给了造福人类的事业。 3.satisfaction n. 满意,满足 【基本构词】satisfy vt. 满足,满意 satisfying adj.令人满意的,令人满足的(指事物本身的 性质)satisfied adj.感到满意的 【短语搭配】with (great) satisfaction 满意地,满足地 express one ? s satisfaction at /with... 对??表示满意 to one ? s satisfaction 使某人满意的是 be satisfied of /be satisfied that 从句满 意?? 【典型例句】I am very satisfied that the steps taken today are the right steps.我感到非常满意的 是,我们今天采取的措施是正确的。 4.charge n. 负责,掌管 vt. 使承担责任,收费 【短语搭配】in / under the charge of 由??负责 have / take charge of 照顾,管理,负责 in charge of 主管 free of charge 免费的 charge sb for sth 收某人多少钱 【典型例句】Soon he will take charge of the department.他很快会来负责管理这个部门。 The ticket is free of charge.这票是免费的。 5.preparation n. 准备,预备 【基本构词】prepare v.准备,预备 prepared adj.准备好的 【短语搭配】 make preparations for = prepare for 为??做准备 prepare sb for / to do sth 使某人 为??做准备 prepare sb sth 为某人准备某物 be prepared for 对??做好准备 be prepared to do sth 愿意做某事,乐意做某事 prepare a meal / one ? s lesson 准备饭/功课 【典型例句】The secretary has prepared the president a long report.秘书已为董事长准备好了一 份长篇报告稿。

6.inform vt. 通知,告诉,报告 【基本构词】information n. 信息,资料,知识,情报,通知 informative adj.教育性的,有益 的,情报的,见闻广博的 【短语搭配】be informed of 听说,接到??的通知 keep...informed 随时向??报告情况 inform sb of doing sth 提醒某人做某事 【典型例句】How do I inform them of my arrival time? 我要怎么通知他们我到达的时间呢?

(二)句型解读 Upon finishing his studies, he started travelling in China.他一完成学业,就开始了中国之旅。 【句型】On / Upon+doing 一??就?? 【精讲】Upon / On arriving home, my mother started cooking.妈妈一到家就做饭。 【拓展】1)Upon / On 后也可接名词,意思不变。 Upon / On her arrival at home, my mother started cooking. 2)可用 as soon as, the moment, immediately 等引导的时间状语从句来替换,即:As soon as / The moment / Immediately he finished his studies, he started travelling in China. (三) 语法解读 ★定语从句——关系代词 1.who 指人,在定语从句中作主语。 The boys who are playing football are from Class One.正在踢足球的男孩是一班的。 2.whom 指人,在定语从句中作宾语,常可省略。 Li Ming is just the boy (whom) I want to see.李明正是我想要见的男孩。 3.which 指物,在定语从句中作主语或宾语,作宾语时常可省略。 This is the pen (which) he bought yesterday.这是他昨天买的钢笔。 4.that 指人时,相当于 who 或 whom;指物时,相当于 which,在定语从句中作主语或宾语, 作宾语时常可省略。 Where is the man(that/whom) I saw this morning?我今天早上看到的那个人在哪儿? 5.whose 通常指人,也可指物,在定语从句中作定语。 I visited a scientist whose name is known all over the country.我拜访了一个全国知名的科学家。

(一)单项选择 1.Some of the cities in China he likes most are Beijing, Shanghai, Harbin and Nanjing. A.whoB.whom C.thatD.what

2.The paintings were donated by the famous artist are being displayed in the assembly hall. A.whatB./ C.whoD.which 3.Many people saw the film were afraid to swim in the sea. A./B.which C.whom D.who 4.The club members are music fans meet in the school garden every Saturday afternoon. A.whoseB.whom C.whoD.that 5.This is the story we wrote for our storytelling contest. A.whatB.which C.whomD.how (二)双向翻译 请根据上下文内容,将文中画线部分译成汉语或者英语。 School life in the UK Going to a British school for one year was a very enjoyable and exciting experience for me. I was very happy with the school hours in Britain 1.because school starts around 9 a.m. and ends about 3:30 p.m. This means I could get up an hour later than usual as schools in China begin before 8 a.m. On the first day, all students went to attend an assembly.2.我坐在一个名叫黛安的女孩旁边。We soon became best friends. During the assembly, the headmaster told us about the rules of the school. 3.He also told us that the best way to earn respect was to devote ourselves to study and achieve high grades. This sounded like my school in China. My English improved a lot as I used English every day4.and spent an hour each day reading English books in the library. I usually went to the Computer Club at lunch time, 5.所以我可以免 费给家人和朋友发邮件。I also had an extra French class on Tuesday evenings. Cooking was really fun as I learned how to buy, prepare and cook food. At the end of term we had a class party and we all had to cook something. I was glad that all my classmates enjoyed the cake I made.

1.

2. 3. 4. 5.

Unit 2Growing pains

1. 检测与青少年成长话题有关的词汇的识记、理解和运用。 2. 检测定语从句介词+which, 介词+whom, when, where 和 why 的用法。 3.检测与青少年成长话题有关的读写能力。

(一)重点单词默写 1.窗帘,幕布 n. 2.受惊的,害怕的 adj. 3.挨饿,饿死,使挨饿 vi.& vt. 4.现金 n. 5.成年人 n. 6.容忍,允许 vt. 7.行为,举止 n. 8.值得,应得 vt. 9.使不高兴,不高兴的 vt.& adj. 10.粗鲁的,无礼的 adj. 11.工作努力的 adj.

12.争吵,辩论,论点 n. 13.愚蠢的 adj. 14.耐心 n. 15.平衡,抵消 n. (二)重点短语默写 1.迫不及待地做某事 2.应该??,应当?? 3.对??苛刻,对??严厉 4.既然 5.熬夜 6.混淆,弄乱 7.好像,似乎 8.坚持,坚持认为 9.现在 10.与??一起

(一)词汇解读 1.frighten v.使??惊吓, 使??惊恐 【基本构词】frightening adj.令人惊恐的/恐怖的(常用来说明事物的特征)frightened adj. 恐 惧的,害怕的,受惊的(常用来说明人的特征) 类似的单词还有 : worried / worrying, pleased / pleasing, excited / exciting, encouraged / encouraging, interested / interesting, satisfied / satisfying, bored / boring, scared/scaring, surprised / surprising, frustrated / frustrating 等 【典型例句】The film is very frightening. 这部影片非常恐怖。 The frightened children were calling for their mothers. 受惊的孩子们呼喊着找妈妈。 2.deserve vt. 应得,值得,应受

【基本用法】deserve+名词/代词 deserve+to do(主动意义)deserve+to be done(被动意义) deserve+动名词(主动表被动意义) 【典型例句】You ? re very able. You deserve a better job. 你很有能力,应该有一份更好的工 作。 He,being so rude, deserves criticizing. 他不礼貌,应当受到批评。 3.insist v. 坚持说,坚决主张,坚持要求 【基本用法】insist on / upon (doing) sth 坚持做某事 if you insist 如果你一定要坚持的话(常 用于口语中,表示勉强同意) 【典型例句】She insisted that he was wrong. 她坚持认为他错了。 (表示“坚持说, 坚决认为”时,接 that 从句,从句的动作多为已发生之事,用陈述语气。 ) 【典型例句】He insisted that we (should) accept these gifts. 他坚持要我们接受这些礼物。 (表示“坚决主张,坚持要求”时,接 that 从句,从句的动作为将要发生之事,用虚拟语气, 即:主语+(should)+动词原形。 ) 4.forbid vt. (forbade, forbidden) 禁止,妨碍,阻止 【基本用法】 forbid sb to do sth = forbid sb from doing sth 禁止某人做某事 forbid doing sth 禁止做某事 【典型例句】The new law forbids smoking in offices. 新法律禁止在办公室抽烟。

(二)句型解读 But, but...you weren ? t supposed to come home until tomorrow!但,但是??你们应该明天才 到家的呀! 【句型】be supposed to 【精讲】 (1)表示按照义务、规则、规律或约定的“理应,应该” ; (2)作“被认为,被看 作是”理解。 【典型例句】 He is supposed to arrive before six o ? clock. 他应该六点之前到。 (三)语法解读 ★定语从句——关系副词 1.关系副词 where, when 和 why,在定语从句中作状语,相当于“介词+地点名词先行词/时 间名词先行词/原因名词先行词” ,各自引导修饰这些名词的定语从句。 The mountain where the volcano lies is not far from here.(where 在从句中作地点的状语,相当 于 in the mountain,从句修饰 the mountain)那座火山离这儿不远。 The days when people felt content with a simple life are forever gone.(when 在从句中作时间状 语,相当于 in the days,从句修饰 the days)人们满足于简单生活的日子一去不复返了。 He gave us no reason why he took the job.(why 在从句中作原因状语,相当于 for the reason, 从句修饰 reason)他没有告诉我们他做这份工作的理由。 2.介词+定语从句引导词 which / whom: 当定语从句引导词作介词的宾语时, 可以将介词提到引导词前, 以强调介词和引导词的介宾 关系;介词+which / whom 在从句中作状语或定语;有些情况下,介词+which 相当于 where / when / why。如: The man with whom you talked is an expert on earthquake.(with whom 在从句中作状语,修饰 谓语动词 talked)和你说话的人是个地震专家。

(一)单项选择 1. October 1, 1949 was the day the People ? s Repubic of China was founded. A.whichB.when C.whereD.in which

2. The factory his father works is large. A.whereB.what C.thatD.which 3. I ? ll never forget the time we work on the farm. A.whichB.when C.whereD.as 4. This is the house we lived last year. A.in thatB.in which C.whenD.in where 5. I ? ll tell you the reason he failed to come yesterday. A.whichB.what C.howD.why

(二)完形填空 阅读下面短文,掌握其大意,然后从各题所给的A、B、C、D 四个选项中,选出最佳选项。 Dear George, My name is Christina. I called your radio show last week to1 your advice about a problem my mum and I had. I wanted to see my 2 and do things that interest me, but my mum was sad and said I was not spending enough time at home with our family.

You gave me some good3. You told me to spend more time talking to my mum. First I thought your answer was 4, but then I decided to take your advice. You were 5! When I was younger, my mum and I6 all the time, and we were very close. She was like one of my friends. When I grew older, I stopped talking to her and only wanted to talk with my friends. I didn ? t think my mum missed talking with me,7 she did! That is why she was 8 when I went to see my friends. Now my mum and I spend one day a week with each other. We cook dinner together, or we go for a long walk. Once she even took me and my best friends 9 dinner together! Thank you for your help and good advice, George. I ? ll10 listening to“Talk Time”every week. Sincerely yours, Christina

()1.A.takeB.follow C.ask forD.hear ()2. A.brothersB.teachers C.sistersD.friends ()3. A.adviceB.keys C.questionsD.time ()4. A.sillyB.interesting C.unnecessaryD.wise ()5. A.wrongB.nice C.rightD.unkind ()6. A.spentB.talked C.quarrelledD.stayed ()7. A.becauseB.however C.butD.so ()8. A.worriedB.ashamed C.happyD.sad

()9. A.atB.to C.onD.during ()10. A.keepB.stop C.likeD.finish

Unit 3 Looking good, feeling good

1.检测与健康话题有关的词汇的识记、理解和运用。 2.检测非限定性定语从句和反意疑问句的用法。 3.检测与健康话题有关的读写能力。

(一)重点单词默写

1.体形,数字,人物 n. 2.惭愧的,羞愧的 adj. 3.精力充沛的,充满活力的 adj. 4.恢复,重新获得 vt.& vi. 5.损害,伤害 vt.& n. 6.有吸引力的,有魅力的 adj. 7.压力 n. 8.更喜欢 vt. 9.影响, (病毒)感染 vt. 10.器材,设备 n.

11.成就 n. 12.专家 n. 13.尴尬的,难为情的 adj. 14.身体, (器官)系统,体系,制度 n. 15.集中(注意力,思想等) ,全神贯注 vt.& vi. (二)重点短语默写

1.锻炼 2.节食 3.(头发等)脱落 4.强身健体 5.充分利用 6.从长远角度看 7.事实上

(一)词汇解读 1.contain v. 包含,包括,能容纳 【基本构词】container n.容器 【词语辨析】include 和 contain 的用法比较 include: 指在整体中能明确界定的几个部分,某整体包含或容纳某部分。 【典型例句】The health club includes a gym, a swimming pool, and a locker room. 健身俱乐部包括体操房、游泳池和更衣室。 contain:指容器、空间里所有东西,侧重所含的量与成分。 【典型例句】The bowl contains a variety of fruits.碗里装有各种水果。 注:include 常以 including(名词/代词前)或 included(名词/代词后)的形式出现在短语 中,用来举例、解释或补充说明。 【典型例句】Many women including my mother,were waiting to buy that kind of cloth.

=Many women were waiting to buy that kind of cloth, my mother included.许多妇女,包括我妈 妈在内,在等着买那种布料。 2.prefer vt. 更喜欢 【基本构词】preference n. 偏爱,倾向,优先权 【短语搭配】prefer sth / doing sth 宁愿,更喜欢 prefer sb to do 愿意某人做 prefer to do 愿意 做 prefer to do A rather than do B = prefer (doing) A to (doing) B 宁愿做??而不愿做?? 【典型例句】I prefer the quiet countryside to the noisy cities.我喜欢安静的乡村胜过喧闹的城 市。 She has always preferred making her own clothes to buying them in the shops. 她向来喜欢自己 做衣服,而不到商店里去买衣服。 3.count vi.认为,算作,重要 vt.数数 【短语搭配】 count in 把??计算在内, 包括在内, 把??考虑在内, 包括 count as 当作 count on 依靠 count out 点数,不把??算在内 【典型例句】They are counting the books they collected. 他们正在数收集来的书。 In sport what really counts is not the winning but the playing.就运动而言,重要的不是赢,而是参 与。 4.damage vt.& n.损害,伤害 【短语搭配】do damage to 对??造成损害 【典型例句】The heavy rain didn ? t do much damage to the crops. 这次暴雨没有对农作物造 成很大的损失。 【词语辨析】damage, destroy, ruin 的区别 (1)damage 指 “损坏” , 一般暗示损坏后价值或效益会降低, 这种损坏是部分性的。 如: Her heart was slightly damaged as a result of her long illness. 长期生病使她的心脏受到轻度损伤。 (2) destroy 意为 “破坏, 摧毁, 消灭, 毁灭” , 指完全彻底地破坏, 含有无法修复之意。 如: The building was completely destroyed by the fire. 这座房子被大火烧光了。 (3) ruin 意为“破坏,灭亡,破产” ,经常指把某物损坏到了不能再使用的程度。 【典型例句】The heavy rain ruined our holiday. 大雨把我们的假期彻底搞糟了。 (二) 句型解读 However, your mother knows the best: nothing is more important than health.但是,你妈妈她最 清楚不过:没有什么比健康更重要。 【句型】nothing(或 no+名词)+??+比较级+than... 【精讲】此句型意为“没有比??更” 。这是用比较级与否定句一起表最高级的句型。 Nothing is more valuable than time, but nothing is less valued.没有比时间更贵重的东西, 但也没 有比它更受轻视的东西。 No place is better than one ? s home.没有任何地方比得上自己的家。 (三)语法解读 ★定语从句——定语从句的分类 (1)限定性定语从句:起着界定先行词的身份,而不至与同类人或事物混淆的作用,一般 不用逗号和主句隔开。

The one of my brothers who is in the army now used to be an art student. 我一个现在当兵的兄 弟学过艺术。 (定语从句界定 one of my brothers 的身份:有多个兄弟,这里指的是当兵的兄 弟) The travellers who had already been informed about the flood stopped their journey. 那些已经获悉洪灾的旅行者暂停了行程。 (只有获悉洪灾的旅行者才终止了行程,没有获悉 洪灾的旅行者并没有暂停其行程。 ) (2)非限定性定语从句:不起界定先行词身份的作用,因为先行词身份已经为读者或听话 人所明确而不会混淆 (要么由于同类只有其一个, 或者上下文已经让读者或听话人明确其身 份) ,而是起着给先行词增加信息的作用。一般要用逗号和主句隔开。不能用 that 引导非限 定性定语从句。 My brother, who is in the army now, used to be an artist. 我兄弟学过艺术,他现在当兵。 (只有 一个兄弟) The travellers, who had already been informed about the flood, stopped their journey. 由于旅行者已经获悉了洪灾,他们都暂停了行程。 (所有的旅行者都终止了其行程,用从句 顺便说明一下其原因)

(一)单项选择 1. I was surprised by my maths teacher, I got an ?A? in the last test. A.from whomB.from which C.for whomD.for which 2. Mr. Zhou, native language was Chinese, could read and write several foreign languages. A.whoseB.his C.whichD.that 3. I took my friend to the Summer Palace we had some photos taken. A.whereB.which C.thatD./ 4. Look! Simon, the walkman I bought last year isn ? t working properly. A.whoseB.as C.whoD.that

5. Friendship is needed by all, plays an important role in people ? s lives. A.whichB.that C.whoD.it (二)书面表达 假如你叫李平,初中阶段与班主任张老师结下了深厚的友谊。进入高中以后,仍然与张老师 保持书信联系。 请根据下面表格信息, 回信给张老师介绍高中两年来你自己身上所发生的变 化。要求: 词数 100 左右。回信的开头、结尾已给出,但不计入总词数。

Two years ago Now 155 cm tall, thin 170 cm tall, gain 10 kilos shy, silent smile a great deal, talk a lot ... ... Dear Mr.Zhang, Thank you for your letter and your encouragement. For the moment I am busy preparing for the provincial level evaluation exam. I can ? t wait to see you in two months. Mr.Zhang, you won ? t believe your eyes when you see me. I have changed a lot.

Best wishes.

Yours, Li Ping

Module 2

Unit 1 Tales of the unexplained

1.检测与宇宙空间有关的词汇的识记、理解和运用。 2.检测现在完成时和现在完成进行时的运用。 3.检测与宇宙空间有关的读写能力。

(一)重点单词默写 1.存在 vi. 2.假定,认为 vt. 3.故事,传说 n. 4.无法解释的,神秘的 adj. 5.证据 n. 6.力量,力气 n. 7.令人惊奇(惊叹)的 adj. 8.调查问卷 n. 9.适当的 adj. 10.组织,筹备,安排,处理 vt.

11.生存,挺过(难关)vt.& vi. 12.热情的,满腔热诚的 adj. 13.攻击,进攻 vt.& vi.& n. 14.使确信,使相信 vt. 15.足迹,踪迹 n. (二)重点短语默写 1.加紧,加强,促进 2.属于 3.负责,掌管 4.由于,因为 5.前往,到??去 6.编造,杜撰,构成 7.出现,现身 8.调查 9.许多,很多

(一)词汇解读 1.puzzled a.迷惑的,困惑的 【基本构词】puzzle vi.&vt. (使)迷惑不解,(使)为难;n.[C]难题, (字、画)谜 puzzling a. 令人迷惑的,令人困惑的 【短语搭配】puzzle over/about 苦思 be a puzzle to sb.对某人来说是个谜 be in a puzzle about sth.对某事迷惑不解 【典型例句】I ? m puzzled about this situation.我对这种情况感到迷惑。 My sister puzzles me and causes me anxiety.我的妹妹常会让我不解,使我焦虑。 His letter raised a few puzzling questions.他的信中提出了几个令人迷惑不解的问题。 I ? ve been sitting here puzzling over what to do.我一直坐在这里苦思着要做什么事。 The computer is a puzzle to me.我不懂电脑。

2.occur vi.发生,出现,存在(无被动语态) 【基本构词】occurrence n.出现,发生 【短语搭配】occur to sb.某人突然想到?? 【典型例句】Earthquakes occur frequently in this area.这一地区经常发生地震。 Do giraffes occur in Africa only? 长颈鹿是不是只在非洲才有? It never occurred to me that he might be in trouble.我怎么也没有想到他会遇上麻烦。 3.belong vi.属于,应归入,居住,适宜,应被放置(无被动语态,无进行时态) 【短语搭配】belong to 属于 【典型例句】The house belongs to my grandfather.这所房子是我祖父的。 The book belongs on that shelf.这本书应放在那个架子上。 4.survive vi.&vt.生存,挺过难关 【基本构词】survival n.幸存 survivor n.幸存者 【基本用法】及物动词 vt. (1)在??之后仍然生存,从??中逃生 (2)比??活得长;丧失(配偶、亲人等) 不及物动词 vi.活下来,幸存,残留 【典型句例】Only two passengers survived the air ? crash.这次飞机失事只有两名乘客幸免于 死。 She survived her husband by twenty years.她丈夫去世后她又活了二十年。 Few survived after the flood.洪水后极少有人生还。 (二)句型解读 The Yeti is said to be a large, hairy animal...据说野人是很大、毛很厚的动物?? 【句型】sb / sth be said / thought / reported / believed to do = It be said / thought / reported /believed / supposed that sb / sth...据说/ 据认为/ 据报道/ 据信某人、某物?? He is said to work for a big company. = It ? s said that he works for a big company.据说他给一 个大公司打工。 (三) 语法解读 ★现在完成时态 1.形式 主动形式:肯定式 have / has (第三人称单数)+done 被动形式:肯定式 have / has been+done 2.意义 现在完成时态表示和现在有关的时态,用法如下: (1)已完成用法:表示发生在过去的动作行为对现在造成的影响或结果。这种用法多用于 瞬间性动词。它不关注此动作过去发生的细节(时间、地点、方式、环境等) ,而是现在的 情况,因此不能与具体的过去时间状语(yesterday, last week, ago, then, at that moment, in the past 等)连用,但可以和以下时间状语连用: ①模糊的过去时间, 它们和现在结果有关。 如: just (刚刚已经) , already, yet, recently 和 lately。 Have you eaten yet? ( = Are you hungry?)你吃过了吗 ? He ? s just turned off the light.( = The light is off now.)他刚把灯关了。 ②表示说话时还未结束的时段, 如: now, this morning / afternoon, tonight, today, since+过去时 点, so far 等。但如果 this morning / afternoon / evening 表示说话时已经过去,就不能用现在

完成时,而要用一般过去时。 Has he come this morning?(到现在为止的早晨这段时间)今天早上他来了没有? I ? ve had many falls since I began to ride a bike. 自从我开始骑车到现在已经摔过很多次了。 (现在结果: 我还在骑车。 ) (2)未完成用法:过去某时开始一直持续到现在的动作/状态,可能还要持续,也可能刚刚 结束。 注意:① 要用持续性动词,但否定可以用瞬间性动词。 ② 要用表示持续到现在的时间段状语,如:for+时段(有时不表示持续到现在的时间段, 则不能用现在完成时) ,since+过去时点,so far,until / till now,up to now,during / for / in / over+the past / last / recent+时间段。 Where have you been? I have waited here since 8 a.m. 你去哪了?我从早上 8:00 起就一直在 这里等。 (wait 动作刚刚结束) Look at the busy cleaners! They ? ve worked in the wind for quite a few hours.(work 动作还要 延续)你看那些忙碌的清洁工!他们在风中工作几个小时了。 I ? ve taught English in this school for / during / in / over the past / last / recent 10 years.(teach 动作还要延续或者刚刚结束)近十年来我一直在这个学校教英语。 ★现在完成进行时态 1.形式:主动形式 have / has been doing;无被动形式。 2.意义:过去某时开始一直持续或反复到现在的动作或状态,可能还要继续下去,也可能刚 刚结束。意义和现在完成时态的未完成用法相似,但不可和延续到现在的时段短语连用。注 意以下三种情况: (1)很多持续性动词用于现在完成时和现在完成进行时时,含义一样,都表示不停地持续 到现在(一种“实线式”持续),如 expect,hope,learn,lie,live,look,rain,sleep,sit, snow,stand,stay,study,teach,wait,want,work 等。但持续动词中的状态动词不能用 于进行时态和完成进行时态, 如 be, have (拥有), own, belong to, know, understand, believe, love,like,concern(关系到)等,所以这些动词只能用于现在完成时表示持续到现在。 I ? ve had this for years.不能说 I ? ve been having this for years. She ? s always believed in God.不能说 She ? s always been believing in God. 但 I ? ve been waiting (since 9 a.m.) = I ? ve waited since... (2)瞬间性动词用于现在完成进行时,表示“虚线式”持续含义,即一次一次地反复发生 到现在。 而它们用于现在完成时则表示过去的一次性动作对现在造成的影响或者到现在做了 好多次或好多量了。 He ? s been jumping onto and off the table (for half an hour). 他从桌子跳上又跳下的(一直跳 了半个小时了) 。但:He ? s jumped onto the table. 他已经跳上了桌子(现在的结果是:他 在桌子上) 。He ? s jumped onto the table many times. 他已经跳上桌子很多次了。 (3)还有些动词在现在完成时中是瞬间含义, 在现在完成进行时中是延续含义, 如: do, read, write, paint, build 等。 She ? s been painting the wall.她一直刷墙来着。 She ? s painted the wall.她已经刷了那面墙。

单项选择

1.—Do you know our town at all? —No.This is the first time I here. A.wasB.have been C.cameD.am coming 2.I wonder why Janet us recently. We should have heard from her by now. A.hasn ? t writtenB.doesn ? t write C.won ? t writeD.hadn ? t written 3. We our new neighbors yet, so we don ? t know their names. A.don ? t meetB.won ? t meet C.haven ? t metD.hadn ? t met 4.Tom articles for a local newspaper these three years, and he has written about fifty articles. A.is writingB.wrote C.has been writingD.will write 5. They friends since they met in Shanghai. A.wereB.have been C.had beenD.was

Unit 2Wish you were here

1.检测与旅游冒险有关的词汇的识记、理解和运用。 2.检测将来进行时和过去将来时的运用。 3.检测与旅游冒险有关的读写能力。

(一)重点单词默写

1.安排 vt.& vi. 2.时刻表,计划 n.& vt. 3.野生动物,野生生物 n. 4.不舒服的 adj. 5.日出,朝霞 n. 6.探索,勘探 vt.& vi. 7.周围的,附近的 adj. 8.出版,发表 vt. 9.无限的,无休止的 adj. 10.保护 n. 11.漫游,游荡,徘徊 vt.& vi. 12.尘土飞扬的,满是灰尘的 adj. 13.美,美好的人或物 n. 14.和谐,协调,融洽 n. 15.冒险,冒险经历 n.

(二)重点短语默写 1.提前,预先 2.旅游景点 3.以防万一

4.救生衣 5.靠近地

(一)词汇解读 1.arrange vt.安排,排列,整理 vi.安排,排列,协商 【基本构词】arrangement n.布置,整理,准备 【短语搭配】arrange for 安排,派遣 【典型例句】She arranged an appointment for Friday afternoon.她安排了一个星期五下午的约 会。 I ? ve arranged to see him on Friday morning.我已经安排了星期五早上见他。 I will arrange for someone to take you around.我会安排好人领你转转。 2.scare vt.使恐惧,惊吓 n.恐慌,恐惧,惊吓,惊恐 【基本构词】scared adj. 害怕的,恐惧的,担心的 【短语搭配】scare sb away / off 把??吓跑 be scared to death 吓得要死 be scared of sb / sth 害怕某人某事 be scared of doing sth / be scared to do sth 害怕做某事 be scared that...害怕,恐 惧,担心?? 【典型例句】 He ? s scared of heights. 他有恐高症。 They managed to scare the bears away. 他 们设法把熊吓跑了。 3.supply v.& n.供给,供应 【基本用法】supply sth to/for sb / supply sb with sth 给某人提供某物 supply+gas/water etc. 用 在公用事业上面的居多,着重表示替换或补足所需之物,满足要求的意思;还可作名词,意 为“供给(量) ,物资, 存货” 。 provide sb with sth /provide sth for sb 给某人提供某物 offer sb sth / offer sth to sb 给某人提供某物 【典型例句】We have a good supply of water here. 我们这儿水的供应充足。 The school supplies books to/for the children. 学校为孩子们提供书本。 She provided her father with all the food and money he wanted. 她给她父亲提供他所需要的食 物和钱。 The young man offered the old man his own seat.那位年轻人主动将自己的座位让给了老大爷。 4.view n.看法,见解,风景,景色,视野 v.查看,观看,看待 【短语搭配】in view 在视野范围内 come into view 进入视野 in one ? s view 在某人看来 in view of sth 鉴于某事物,考虑到某事物 【典型例句】The view from the top of the hill was good. 从山顶上看风景很美。 In my view, he should never have been offered the job in the first place. 在我看来,原先压根儿 就不该给他这份工作。 She viewed the whole thing as a joke.她把这整个事情看成一个笑话。 4.harmony n. 协调;和睦;融洽 【基本构词】harmonious adj. 和谐的,和睦的;协调的;悦耳的 harmonizevt.& vi.和谐,一 致,协调 【短语搭配】in harmony with 与??协调;与??一致,与??和睦融洽 in harmony...协调

out of harmony with...与??不协调,与??不和睦融洽 harmonize with...与??协调 【典型例句】They work together in perfect harmony. 他们在一起工作十分和睦。 (二)句型解读 You have to wear a halmet and a life jacket for protection, just in case you fall into the water. 作 为保护措施,你得戴上头盔,穿上救生衣,以防万一掉进水里。 【句型】in case“以免,以防万一” ,常用来引导状语从句。从句里用 should do 或一般现在 时。 in case of 以防??, 万一发生??in any case 在任何情况下, 无论如何 in no case 决不 in this / that case 如果这样/那样的话 【典型例句】In case anything important happens, please call me up. 万一有什么重要的事,请 打电话给我。 In case of fire, call 119.万一起火了,拨打 119。 In no case should you give up.你决不能放弃。 (注意句子使用部分倒装) (三)语法解读 ★过去将来时 1.形式: 1) would/should do2) was / were going to do3) was / were doing4) was / were to do5) was / were ( just ) about to do 2.意义:5 种过去将来时的形式与 5 种将来表达法意义相对应, 表示过去将来要发生的事情。 注意: were / was to do 还可以表示 “过去没想到会发生的事情” , 所谓 “过去命中注定的事” 。 The two young men joined in the cycling race, who were to be killed in a road accident. 这两个年轻人参加了自行车赛,没想到竟然出了交通事故丢了命。 I lost my wallet, not knowing it was never to be found again. 我丢了钱包, 没想到以后再也没找 到了。 ★将来进行时 1.形式: will be doing 2.意义 (1)表示在将来某一时点或某一时段会正在发生的事情。 What will you be doing at 8:00 a.m. tomorrow morning?明天早上 8 点钟你会在干什么? (2)纯粹客观地谈将来会发生的事情,不含主观的意图。如: I ? ll be seeing Tom tomorrow.明天我会见到 Tom. (意指“我们会参加同一个会议或我们在 一个办公室上班,所以会发生明天我见到汤姆的客观事情” 。 )

(一)单项选择

1.On television last night the news said that the leader on Saturday. A.is arrivingB.will arrive C.would be arrivedD.would arrive

2.—Excuse me, could you have a talk with me ? —Sorry, Iat a meeting in a few minutes. A.am speakingB.will have spoken C.have spokenD.will be speaking 3. —Alice, why didn ? t you come yesterday? —I , but I had an unexpected visitor. A.hadB.would C.was going toD.did 4. This morning Alice out the door opened and in came some strangers. A.was just about to go; while B.went; when C.was going; while D.was just about to go; when 5. We were all surprised when he made it clear that he office soon. A.leavesB.would leave C.leftD.had left (二) 双向翻译 请根据上下文内容,将文中画线部分译成汉语或者英语。 Dear Toby, Thank you very much for your letter.1.你的旅行听起来令人兴奋! I can ? t wait to hear what Africa is like. Since my last letter to you, I have had a little adventure of my own. Early this month, my mother and I took a flight to Dunhuang, in the northwest of China. 2.The desert out there was really quite amazing — I had never seen so much sand in my life! While we were there, we arranged with a tour company to ride camels. I was very excited because this was the first time I had seen one up close. We had hoped that3.we would get to see some other wildlife on our trip, but sadly we didn

? t. Since you are going to the Sahara, I have some advice — be sure to bring a large hat and a shirt with long sleeves —4.you ? ll need these for protection. The sun can be so brilliant that you ? ll need to keep covered or you ? ll get burnt — my cheeks were red for days after my trip. And another thing, you ? ll need to keep a good supply of water with you, since it is so dry and hot. I ? m sure you ? ll have a nice trip.5.我们盼望收到你的明信片! Best wishes. Aihua 1. 2. 3. 4. 5.

Unit 3Amazing people

1.检测与人物描写有关的词汇的识记、理解和运用。 2.检测过去完成时的运用。 3.检测与人物描写有关的读写能力。

(一)重点单词默写

1.探险家,勘探者 n. 2.呼吸 vt.& vi. 3.国籍 n. 4.航行, (尤指)航海,航天 n. 5.不久,很快 adv.

6.病毒 n. 7.爱交际的,友好的,外向的 adj. 8.入口 n. 9.各种各样的 adj. 10.保存,保护,保持 vt. 11.启迪,赋予灵感,激励,鼓舞 vt. 12.乐观的,抱乐观看法的 adj. 13.品质,质量 n. 14.稀有的,罕见的 adj. 15.数据,资料 n.(pl.) (二)重点短语默写 1.(偶然)遇见,发现 2.导致,结果是?? 3.起航 4.掌管,控制(某物) 5.敬佩

(一)词汇解读 1.curious adj. 好奇的,求知欲强的 【基本构词】curiously adv. 好奇地 curiosity n. 好奇,好奇心 【短语搭配】be curious about 对??感到好奇 be curious to do sth 好奇想做某事

arouse / excite one ? s curiosity 引起某人的好奇心 【典型例句】 Children are naturally curious about everything around them. 小孩子会自然地对周 围每一件事感到好奇。 I ? m curious to know what they are talking about.我很想知道他们在谈论什么。 2.result n.结果,效果 v.结果,导致 【短语搭配】result in...造成某种结果,导致 result from...由于??而造成,起因于?? as a result 因此 as a result of...因为?? without result (= in vain) 徒劳,毫无结果 【典型例句】The accident resulted in the death of two passengers.车祸导致两名乘客死亡。 3.clothing n.(总称)衣服 【基本构词】cloth n. 布(不可数) ;抹布(可数) clothes n. 衣服 【短语搭配】an article of clothing 一件衣服 warm winter clothing 保暖的冬衣 a suit of clothes 一套衣服 【典型例句】They wear very little clothing. 他们衣服穿得很少。 3.discourage vt. 使灰心,使气馁,劝阻,阻止 【基本构词】 discouragement n.泄气, 灰心, 劝阻, 阻止 discouraged adj. 气馁的 discouragingadj. 使人沮丧的,令人气馁的 discouragingly adv. 使人气馁地,使人沮丧地,阻止地 【短语搭配】discourage sb from doing sth 打消某人做某事的念头,阻止某人做某事 【典型例句】I was discouraged at the news. 听到这个消息时我感到很沮丧。 His parents tried to discourage him from being an actor.他的父母试图阻止他去当演员。 4.apply vt.& vi.申请,涂,敷,应用 【基本构词】application n. 申请,申请表,应用,敷用 applicable adj. 可适用的,可应用的, (药物)可敷用的 applicant n. 申请人 【短语搭配】apply to sth 适用于,应用于??apply to do sth 申请做某事 apply for sth 申请得 到??apply to sb / sth for sth 向??申请?? apply sth to sth 把??应用在??,把??涂 抹 /敷上??apply oneself to...致力于, 集中精力做某事 【典型例句】The book does not apply to beginners. 这本书不适合于初学者。 He applied to us for help.他向我们求援。 She applied herself to learning English. 她专心学习英语。 (二)句型解读 ...it was his high scores on the psychological test that finally won him the status of China ? s first astronaut...他各项心理测试所得的最高分终为他赢得了中国首位宇航员的身份。 【句型】It was...that... 强调结构 强调句型:It is/was+被强调的部分+that (who)... It was in the room that Li Lei was born.李蕾就出生在这间房子里。 It is Wei Fang that / who has broken the record. 就是魏方打破了记录。 注意:(1)原句子是现在时或将来时,强调句用 It is+被强调的部分+that(who)...;若原句子是 过去范围内的时态,强调句用:It was+被强调的部分+that(who)... (2)即使被强调的部分是复数,it 后面始终用单数形式。 (3)强调人时, 可用 who 代替 that, 但若强调时间、 地点、 原因、 方式时, 不能用 when, where, why,how 代替 that。 (4)在强调 not...until 结构中的时间状语时,应将 not 移到 until 前,再将 not until 部分移到强 调的位置。如:I didn ? t go to bed until twelve o ? clock last night. = It was not until twelve o

? clock last night that I went to bed. 昨天晚上我一直到十二点才睡。

(三)语法解读 ★过去完成时 1.主动形式:had done;被动形式:had been done 2.意义:表示在过去某个时间或者某个动作之前完成的动作或存在的状态。 注意:使用过去完成时的关键是:要有一个过去时间点(一个时间状语或一个过去动作)与那 个过去完成时态动作或状态对比存在。 (1)已完成用法:相对于过去某个时间或过去某个动作而言,已完成的动作或存在的状态。 多用瞬间性动词。 They had finished the job when I got there. 当我到那里的时候,他们就已经完成了那项工作。 We had had lunch by twelve o ? clock yesterday. 到昨天 12:00 时,我们就吃完午饭了。 (2)未完成用法:一个动作行为 B 在过去 A 点之前就开始了,并一直持续到 A 点,还要 继续持续或刚刚结束。行为 B 就用过去完成时态。要用持续性动词,并且和表示持续到过 去某点的时段状语连用,如:by+过去时点,since+过去时点;until/till then, up to then,for+ 时段等。 By six o ? clock they had worked for five hours. 到 6:00 为止,他们已经工作 5 个小时了。 They had known each other for eight years when they got married. 到结婚时,他们已经相识 8 年了。

(一)单项选择

1.The young girl sitting next to me on the plane was very nervous. She before. A.hasn ? t flownB.didn ? t fly C.hadn ? t flownD.wasn ? t flying 2.Was it in this house your grandpa died? A.thatB.which C.in whereD.in which 3. We first met on a train in 2000. We both felt immediately that we each other for years. A.knewB.have known C.had knownD.know

4. —Did Alan enjoy seeing his old friends yesterday? —Yes, he did. He his old friend for a long time. A.didn ? t seeB.wouldn ? t see C.hasn ? t seeD.hadn ? t seen 5. They became friends again that day. Until then, they to each other for nearly two years. A.didn ? t speak B.hadn ? t spoken C.haven ? t spoken D.haven ? t been speaking (二)书面表达 请将下列短文缩写成 60 词左右的短文。 I ? m Dick, and I ? m thirteen. I study in a middle school. I live with my grandparents, for my parents work in a factory far away and they live in the factory. They are very busy. They come to see us only on holidays. I have a friend. His name is Tom and he is a black boy. We often go to school together in the morning. Sometimes I go to Tom ? s home and do my homework together with him. In this way we can help and learn from each other.

Module 3

Unit 1 The world of our senses

1.检测与感官有关的词汇的识记、理解和运用。 2.检测名词性从句的运用。 3.检测与漫画故事有关的读写能力。

(一)重点单词默写

1.听力,听觉 n. 2.使糊涂,使迷惑 vt. 3.预测,预报 vt.& n. 4.无处,到处都不 adv. 5.犹豫,迟疑不决 vi. 6.帮助者 n. 7.认识,辨认出 vt. 8.轻松,宽慰 n. 9.抱有希望的 adj. 10.镇静的,使平静 adj.& vt. 11.珠宝 n. 12.松动的,松开,释放 adj.& vt. 13.雇佣,使用 vt. 14.罗盘,指南针 n.

15.不像,与?? 不同 prep. (二)重点短语默写 1.看得到,在视力范围之内 2.盼望,企盼 3.伸出手 4.留心,密切注意 5.卷起来

(一)词汇解读 1.confuse vt. 使迷惑 【基本构词】confused adj. 感到迷惑的 confusing adj. 令人迷惑的 confusion n. 迷团,令人迷 惑的事情 【典型例句】The news really confused me. 这消息真的让我迷惑。 The film is so confusing that I can ? t understand it. 这电影这样迷惑,我不懂。 2.approach n.& vt.& vi.接近, 逼近,接近, 动手处理 【短语搭配】at the approach of 在??快到的时候 be approaching (to)与??差不多, 大致相 等 be difficult of approach (指地方)难到达的, (指人)难于接近的 approach to 接近, 近似, 约 等于,(做某事)的方法 【典型例句】We approached the museum. 我们走近博物馆。 The New Year is approaching. 新年快到了。 3.attract vt.吸引,诱惑,引起??的好感(或兴趣)vi.具有吸引力,引人注意 【基本构词】attractive adj.有魅力的,迷人的 attraction n.吸引, [物]引力,魅力 【短语搭配】be attracted by sth., attract sb.(to sb./ sth.) 吸引,使喜爱 【典型例句】Summer attracts visitors to the countryside.在夏季,乡村游很吸引游客。 3.reach out 伸出(手) 【短语搭配】out of reach 达不到的地方,范围之外 within one ? s reach 触手可及 【基本用法】 ①vt. reach 到达,抵达。表示到达之意的还有 arrive at (in), get to 等。 ②vt. 伸出(手); 伸手及到, 够到 ③vt. 与??取得联系 ④vi. 伸出手(或脚) ; 达到,及到;延伸

【典型例句】 He reached his hand out for the book I offered him.他伸出手来接我给他的书。We tried to reach them by cable. 我们试着用电报跟他们联络。 She reached up and picked a pear off a branch. 她抬起手从一根枝上摘下一个梨。 4.recognize v. 辨认出,承认 【基本构词】recognition n. 认可,赞誉 【基本用法】 recognize sb /sth 承认, 认出 recognize sb to be 承认某人是??recognize that 承 认 【典型例句】Though she changed much, I recognized her at first sight. 虽然她变化很大, 我还 是一眼就认出了她。 They recognized him to be a great leader. 他们承认他是一位伟大领袖。 He didn ? t recognize( = admit) that he had made a big mistake. 他不承认自己犯下了大错。 Do you recognize ( = make out) his handwriting? 你能认出他的笔迹吗? 5.calm adj.(天气、海洋等)静的, 镇静的 v. (使)平静,(使)镇定, 平息 【短语搭配】the calm surface of the lake 平静的湖面 calm down 冷静下来 【典型例句】After the storm, the air calmed. 暴风雨之后,空气变得宁静了。 A warm bath will calm you. 洗个热水澡,会使你平静下来的。 Hey, calm down! Tell me what happened !嘿,镇定点!告诉我发生了什么事! (二)句型解读 Polly found herself staring up at the face of an old man with a beard. 波莉抬头看去, 发现是一位 长着络腮胡子的老人。 短语 find oneself...的意思是“发现自己(做某事或处于某种状态) ” ,指没有意料到的事或状 态,后面接分词、形容词、副词、介词短语等充当宾语补足语。如: When he came to, he found himself in hospital.他苏醒过来时发现自己躺在医院里。 (三)语法解读 ★名词性从句 1.名词性从句的概念:名词性从句是一个相当于名词的从句,充当主句的主语、表语、宾语 和同位语,分别称为主语从句、表语从句、宾语从句和同位语从句。 2.引导名词性从句的连接词可分为三类: (1)连接词:that, whether, if。它们不充当从句的任何成分,that 没有意义,whether,if 表“是否” 。 He knew(that) the professor had refused to take on his son. 他知道教授已经拒绝了收他的儿子 为学生。 (宾语从句) (2)连接代词:what, whatever, who, whoever, whom, whose, which What he cares about is money.他所关心的是钱。 (主语从句) (3)连接副词:when, where, how, why That ? s when he was out of prison.那就是他出狱的时间。 (表语从句) The problem is how we can save time.麻烦是我们如何才能节省时间。 (表语从句) I have no idea why he refused me.我不知道他为什么拒绝我。 (同位语从句) 3.不可省略的连词 (1)介词后的连词; (2)引导主语从句和同位语从句的连词。

That she was chosen made us very happy.她入选了,这使得我们非常高兴。 (主语从句) We heard the news that our team had won. 我们听到了我们队获胜的消息。 (同位语从句) 4.比较:whether 与 if 均有“是否”的意思。但在下列情况下,whether 不能被 if 取代: (1)whether 引导主语从句并置于句首; (2)引导表语从句; (3)whether 从句作介词宾语; (4)句中有“or not” ,如:Whether or not he will come is not clear. 他是否会来还不清楚。

(一)单项选择

1.Choosing the right dictionary depends on you want to use it for. A.whyB.what C.howD.whether 2.As soon as he comes back, I ? ll tell him when to help him. A.you will comeB.will you come C.you comeD.do you come 3.One advantage of playing the guitar is it can give you a great deal of pleasure. A.thatB.why C.howD.when 4.he had passed the exam surprised everyone. A./ B.What C.ThatD.Whether 5.The question he will come tomorrow is true. A.whatB.that C.becauseD.when

(二)完形填空 Languages keep borrowing words from other languages. This is one of the reasons why languages keep1 almost every day. What 2 should do about the increasing number of “borrowed words” in our vocabulary is something people disagree about. In England today, there is no one to decide which 3words should be included in the language. A standard was first set for the English language when Henry VII was King of England. That is 4 we have the phrase “the King ? s English”. King Henry VII was a poet and a man who 5 language. He set a standard for 6 people were to speak English, but who can make a decision like that today is anyone ? s guess! In France, 7, there is a department to make decisions like this. How French will be used is 8 by a government department. At one time the department banned some words from 9, including “weekend” and “e ? mail”. Some people10 borrowed words are making languages less special, while others think this is good because languages become more easily understood by foreigners. Which group you agree with is for you to decide. ()1. A.borrowingB.changing C.speakingD.improving ()2. A.youB.they C.weD.it ()3. A.oldB.English C.FrenchD.foreign ()4. A.whyB.because C.thatD.which ()5. A.took careB.agreed on C.cared aboutD.agreed with ()6. A.whatB.how C.whetherD.which ()7. A.fortunatelyB.therefore C.obviouslyD.however

()8. A.decidedB.made C.setD.guessed ()9. A.FrenchB.English C.ChineseD.foreign ()10. A.hopeB.feel C.disagreeD.welcome

Unit 2Language

1.检测与语言有关的词汇的识记、理解和运用。 2.检测 it 的一些用法。 3.检测与语言有关的读写能力。

(一)重点单词默写

1.词汇 n. 2.占领 vt. 3.官方的,正式的 adj. 4.贡献 n. 5.击败,战胜 vt. 6.替换,代替 vt. 7.因此,所以 adv. 8.过程,进程 n.

9.区别,差别 n. 10.关心,涉及 n.& vt. 11.插嘴,打断 vi.& vt. 12.代表, 展示 vt. 13.短处,缺点 n. 14.切实可行的 adj. 15.方便的 adj.

(二)重点短语默写 1.由??组成(构成) 2.以??命名 3.除??之外 4.控制,取得对??的控制 5.导致 6.和??不同,不同于 7.作为整体,总体上

(一)词汇解读 1.occupy vt. 占据,充满 【短语搭配】be occupied with sth / in doing sth 忙于做某事 【典型例句】The speech occupied three hours. 发言共占去了三个小时。 I ? m occupied in writing a report. 我在忙于写一份报告。 2.defeat vt. 击败 【词语辨析】beat 与 defeat 的用法 两者用作动词都可表示“打败” “战胜” “击败”等,常可互换,只是 defeat 比 beat 更正 式,其后的宾语通常是比赛或战斗的对手。如:

They beat/defeated the enemy. 他们打败了敌人。 比较:win 表示“赢” ,与“打败”同义,但其后所接宾语不同。win 通常接表示比赛或战 斗方面的名词作宾语。如: 正:He beat /defeated me at chess. 他下棋赢了我。 正:He won the game (the race). 他赢了比赛。 误:He won me at chess. / He beat /defeated the game. 3.access vt.& n.进入 【基本用法】have access to sth 能做?? 【典型例句】Citizens may have free access to the library. 市民可以免费使用这个图书馆。 He is a man of easy access.他是一个很好接近的人。 4.concern n. & vt. 关心,涉及 【基本用法】be concerned about / for 关心 concern oneself with / in / about sth 忙于某事,关 心某事 so / as far as.../be concerned 就??来说 / 而论 be concerned with / in... 与??有关 【典型例句】 So far as I am concerned, the second arrangement is more suitable. 对我来说,第二种安排更恰 当。 The boy ? s poor performance at school concerned his parents. 这个男孩在学校很差的表现, 使他父母很担心。 (二)句型解读 The Chinese language differs from Western languages in that, instead of an alphabet, it uses characters which stand for ideas, objects or deeds.汉语与西方语言不同,区别在于它不使用字 母,而是用汉字表示思想、物体和行为。 【短语】in that 的意思是“在于” “原因是” “因为” 。如: This book is different from that book in that this one is about chemistry and that one about history. 这本书不同于那本,因为这本是有关化学的,而那本是有关历史的。 (三)语法解读 ★ it 的用法 1.形式主语 it it 常作形式主语,把真正的主语置于句后,真正的主语通常为不定式短语、ing 分词短语和 主语从句。如: It is esay to buy a new radio. 买台新的收音机很容易。 It is no use telling him that. 和他说那事没用。 It should be true that he has earned their trust. 他赢得了他们的信任应该是真的。 2.形式宾语 it it 作为形式宾语,真实宾语放在宾语补足语后面,真实宾语通常为不定式,ing 分词和宾语 从句。 常用的句型有:think/feel/find/consider/make+it+名词短语宾补/形容词短语宾补等+不定式短 语/? ing 分词短语/宾语从句。如: He felt it his duty to help others.他认为帮助别人是他的职责。 They thought it no good doing that.他们认为那样做不好。 I found it hard to belive that he was working for the enemy.我觉得很难相信他在为敌人卖命。 3.it 还可以指代时间、天气、距离、环境、婴儿、不明身份的人等。

(一)单项选择

1.It took us over an hour along the shopping mall. A.walkB.to walk C.walkingD.walked 2. Many young people now make a rule to buy chocolate for their lovers on Valentine ? s Day. A.themselvesB.it C.thatD.this 3. is very clear to everyone that he is not telling the truth. A.ThisB.What C.ThatD.It 4. In the United States, bus travel doesn ? t cost much as train travel, ? A.don ? t theyB.does it C.do theyD.doesn ? t it 5. Someone is knocking at the door, who do you think is? A.thisB.that C.itD.he (二)双向翻译 Modern English appeared during the Renaissance in the 16th century. 1.由于这个原因, 近代英语 包括了许多拉丁词汇和希腊词汇。 2.Pronunciation also went through huge changes during this period. 3.Of course, this was not the end of the changes in the English language. The question of whether English will keep on changing in the future 4.容易回答。 It is certain that this process will continue, and 5.people will keep inventing new words and new ways of saying things.

1. 2. 3. 4. 5.

Unit 3Back to the past

1.检测与历史事件有关的词汇的识记、理解和运用。 2.检测主谓一致的运用。 3.检测与历史事件有关的读写能力。

(一)重点单词默写 1.文明 n. 2.讲座 n. 3.(火山等)爆发 vi. 4.装饰,装潢 vt. 5.学者 n. 6.研究者 n. 7.毁坏,摧毁 vt. 8.在??之下 prep. 9.观众,听众 n.

10.表达,表情 n. 11.仪式,典礼 n. 12.幸运的 adj. 13.教育 vt. 14.意识到的,知道的 adj. 15.使腐化,使堕落 vt. (二)重点短语默写

1.夺取,接管 2.纪念 3.无疑,确实 4.起义,反抗 5.阻碍(某人) 6.患(病)

(一)词汇解读 1.declare vt. 宣布,宣称 【词语辨析】announce, declare 在表示相当于汉语“宣布”的意思时,有如下区别: (1)announce 更接近于汉语“公布” “告知”的意思,它所涉及的是一件对方原来不知道的 事。 如: The accident was announced to his family by telephone. 已将事故用电话告诉了他的家 属。 (2)declare 含有庄严宣告或交代清楚的意思,它所涉及的事不一定是对方所不知道的。如: The accused declared himself to be innocent. 被告宣称自己无罪。 2.ahead adv. 在前面,提前 【短语搭配】ahead of 提前 go ahead 好吧,做吧 【典型例句】You have to work hard to keep ahead in your class.你必须努力学习才能在全班保 持成绩领先。

He left one day ahead of me. 他比我早走一天。 — May I start? 我可以开始了吗? — Yes, go ahead. 好,开始吧。 3.aware adj. 意识到的 【基本构词】awareness n.意识 【短语搭配】be/become aware of/that 从句意识到 【典型例句】Are you aware of the difficulty? 你意识到困难了吗? She became aware that something was burning.她发觉有东西烧着了。 (二)句型解读 When asked how a statue from distant Greece could have appeared in China, researchers explained that no doubt this was a result of Alexander the Great ? s influence. 当被问及来自遥远希腊的塑像怎么会出现在中国时, 研究人员解释说, 这无疑是亚历山大大 帝的影响所致。 本句是主从复合句, 其中 When asked how...是一个省略性状语从句, 其完整形式为 When they were asked how...当从句的主语和主句的主语一致时,或从句的主谓结构为 it is (was)时,连 词 when, while, though, if 等常引导省略性状语从句,即省略从句中的主语和 be 动词,如: He only drinks a little if invited to. 如果有人请他喝酒,他只喝一点点。 Spend some time with your parents when possible. 有可能时,多陪陪父母。

(三)语法解读 ★ 主谓一致 1.主谓一致的概念:是指谓语动词在人称和数方面要和主语部分对应。 2.主谓一致的原则: (1)语法一致,即主语和谓语在语法上保持一致。如果主语为单数形式,谓语用单数形式; 若主语为复数形式,谓语也应用复数形式。 ①单数名词、不可数名词、不定式短语、动词? ing 形式或主语从句作主语,谓语动词用单 数形式;复数主语则用动词的复数形式。 To say is one thing, to do is another.说是一回事,做又是另一回事。 ②在 A+with/together(along)with/as well as/besides/but/except/including/in addition to /like/no less than/rather than/instead of B 等类似结构中,应根据 A 确定谓语动词的数。 The father with his two sons has gone to the cinema. 父亲带着他的两个儿子看电影去了。 ③ and 连接两个名词作复合主语时,谓语动词用复数形式。 My father and my mother are away on business.我父母出差去了。 但是,当两个名词表示同一个人、同一事物、同一概念或一套完整的东西时(其特征是 and 后的名词前无任何限定词) ,谓语动词应用单数形式。 The writer and poet has decided to be on holiday in Yunnan. 这位作家兼诗人已决定在云南度 假。 ④不定代词 one, no one, the other, another, anyone, anybody, someone, somebody, everyone, everybody, nobody, anything, something, everything, nothing, each, either 以及被 each, every 修 饰的名词作主语,尽管有些表示复数意义,但是它们的谓语应该用单数形式。 ⑤在定语从句中,从句中的谓语动词应该与先行词保持一致。如: The teacher who teaches us English is from Inner Mongolia. 教我们英语的老师来自内蒙古。

(2) 意义一致, 即谓语动词的单复数形式不是根据语法形式, 而是根据主语的内在含义 (即 有时主语的单数形式表达的是复数含义,反之亦然)确定的。 ①有些集体名词,如:主语 family, group, army, government, audience 等表示整体概念时,应 看作单数,谓语也用单数形式;但若表示组成整体的各个成员的集合时,其谓语则应用复数 形式。 My family is quite big.(整体) My family like watching TV.(整体的各个组成成员) ②有些集体名词,如:people(人们) ,police, cattle 等谓语应该用复数形式。 The police are after a murderer. 警察正在追捕一名杀人犯。 注意:people 作“民族”理解时,其单数形式为 people。 ③复数名词短语表示度量、距离、金额、时间或专有名词,要看作一个整体,其谓语动词要 用单数形式。 Ten years is a moment in history.十年在历史的长河中只是一瞬间。 ④“分数/百分数+of+名词”以及“all(most,some, any, half, a lot, the rest)+of+名词”作主 语时,根据 of 后的名词确定。 Ten percent of the apples are bad.这些苹果中有百分之十是坏的。 ⑤the 与某些形容词搭配表示一类人时,如 the dead, the blind, the British 等,谓语用复数形 式。 (3)就近一致,这一原则是指如果句子中有两个或两个以上的主语时,谓语动词的单复数 形式要根据靠近它的那部分主语的单复数来确定。主要有以下两种情况: ①or, either...or..., neither...nor..., not only...but also..., not...but...等连接并列主语时。 Not his parents but he doesn ? t want to go.他的父母和他都不想去。 ②there be+多个名词作主语,谓语动词常与最靠近 be 的名词的单复数一致。 There is an apple, two pears and some oranges on the plate.碟子上有一个苹果, 两个梨和一些橘 子。

单项选择

1. The secretary and manager very busy now. A.wereB.are C.wasD.is 2. Tom as well as two of his classmates invited to the party. A.have beenB.has C.wasD.were

3. Either you or I going to the teachers ? office after class. A.amB.is C.areD.will 4. Most of his spare time spent in reading. A.areB.were C.wasD.have been 5. When and where to build the new factory yet. A.are not decidedB.is not decided C.has not decidedD.have not decided

Module 4

Unit 1Advertising

1.检测与广告有关的词汇的识记、理解和运用。 2.检测直接引语和间接引语的运用。 3.检测与广告有关的读写能力。

(一)重点单词默写 1.广告,广告宣传 n. 2.说服,使信服 v. 3.清白的,纯真的 adj. 4.治愈,解决 v.& n.

5.心理的,精神的 adj. 6.全国范围的 adj. 7.香烟 n. 8.使受益,益处 n.& vt. 9.推广,促销 vt. 10.推荐 vt. 11.设计 vt.& n. 12.更新 vt. 13.便宜货,讨价还价 vi. & n. 14.确定,查明,决定 n. 15.做出反应,回应 vi. (二)重点短语默写 1.旨在,目的是 2.上??的当 3.涉及,处理 4.弄清楚,计算出 5.吸引,迎合 6.死于 7.虽然,即使 8.把??传达清楚 9.欺骗,捉弄

(一)词汇解读 1.be used to (doing) sth 对??习以为常,习惯于,适应 【词语辨析】 used to do sth, be used to doing sth 和 be used to do sth 的用法比较 (1)used to do sth 指的是过去的习惯性动作,目的在于与现在形成对照。 I used to work hard.我过去常常努力工作。暗含的意义是:我现在不努力工作了。 (2)be/get/become used to (doing) sth 习惯于,to 是介词。 He was used to the cold weather after he lived there for two years. 在那里住了两年后,他已习惯了寒冷的天气。 (3)be used to do sth 被用来做某事,to 是不定式符号。 A metal bar was used to force the door open.用金属棒把门撬开了。 2.persuade v. 说服,使信服 【基本构词】persuasion n. 说服 persuasive adj.有说服力的 【基本用法】 persuade sb to do sth 劝说某人做某事 persuade sb into (doing) sth 说服某人 (做) 某事 persuade sb out of (doing)sth 劝说某人不要做某事 【典型例句】I persuade him to study hard. 我劝说他努力学习。 3.mean n. 打算,意味着 【基本构词】 meaning n.意义, 意思, 含义 meaningful adj. 有意义的, 意义深远的 meaningless adj. 无意义的 【基本用法】be meant to 打算做,必须,不得不 be meant for sth 注定适于某种用途 mean no harm 不怀恶意 mean what sb say 说话算数 sb mean to do sth 打算干??,意欲干??mean doing 意味着 What do you mean by (doing) sth? ??是什么意思? 【典型例句】Sorry, we are late. But we had meant to be early. 对不起,我们迟到了,但是我们 本来是想早来的。 I mean you to spend this money for your daughter. 我是想让你用这笔钱为你女儿买些东西的。 4.recommend vt. 推荐,建议,劝告 【基本构词】recommendation n. 建议,推荐 【基本用法】 recommend sb sth = recommend sth to/for sb 向某人推荐??recommend sb for sth 推荐某人担任??recommend (sb ? s/sb) doing 建议某人做某事 recommend sb to do sth 建议某人做某事 recommend that sb (should) do 建议某人做某事 【典型例句】He recommended the young man to our firm (for the post). 他推荐那位年轻人到 我们公司 (担任那个职位)。 I recommended (you) meeting him first. 我建议(你)先见见他。 5.convenient adj. 便利的,方便的 【基本构词】convenience n. 便利 conveniently adv. 便利地 【短语搭配】be convenient for/to 离(某地)很近便,对(某人)方便 at sb ? s convenience 在某人方便时 【典型例句】Our school is convenient for (to) the station. 我们学校离车站很近便。 If it is convenient for (to) you, we ? ll come tomorrow. 如果你方便的话,我们就明天来吧。 Please call me back at your convenience.请你方便的时候回个电话给我。

6.determine vt. 决定,决心 【基本构词】determination n. 决心 determined adj. 坚定的,坚决的 【基本用法】 determine to do sth 决心做某事 be determined to do sth 决心做某事 determine on /upon sth 对某事下定决心 determine sb to do sth 使某人决心做某事 【典型例句】He is determined to go at once. 他决心立刻就走。 His advice determined me to drink and smoke no more.他的劝告使我决心不再抽烟和喝酒了。 (二)句型解读 The grocery just hopes that when you read the ad, you will feel pleased with the nice comment, remember the words‘freshest food ? and make a mental connection with the food in the grocery. 杂货商只是希望当你读这个广告时对他们的好评论有不错的感觉,并且记住“新鲜食品”这 几个字,而且把它们和杂货店的食品联系起来。 这是一个复合句,其中由 that 引导一个宾语从句,that 从句中又有一个由 when 引导的时间 状语从句。如: I just hope that when you read the letter, you will feel good about our arrangement and remember our wish and study hard abroad. 我只是希望当你读了这封信时会对我们的安排感到满意, 并且记住我们的希望, 在国外努力 学习。

(三) 语法解读 ★直接引语和间接引语 1.基本概念 引述或转述别人的原话称为“引语” 。直接引用别人的原话,两边用引号标出,叫直接引语。 用自己的语言转述别人的话,不需要引号的叫间接引语。实际上间接引语大都是宾语从句, 但由祈使句转换的间接引语除外,其转换后为不定式。 2.直接引语改为间接引语 (1)直接引语为陈述句时,改为间接引语用 that 引导,且 that 可以省去。如: He said,“I like it very much.” →He said he liked it very much.他说他非常喜欢它。 (2)直接引语为一般疑问句或附加疑问句时,改为间接引语,用 whether 或 if 引导,后面 的句子应用陈述语序。而直接引语为选择疑问句,改为间接引语,由 whether 引导。主句中 的谓语动词是 said 时,要改为 asked,没有宾语时加上宾语 me,him 或 us 等。 (3)直接引语为特殊疑问句时,改为间接引语,用原句中的特殊疑问词引导,后面的句子 用陈述语序。 He asked, “What do you mean by that?” He asked me what I meant by that. 他问我那样做是什么意思。 (4)直接引语为祈使句时,改为间接引语,要将祈使句的动词原形变成带 to 的不定式,并 在不定式的前面根据句子的意思加上 tell, ask, order, beg, advise, warn 等动词,如果祈使句为 否定句,在不定式 to 的前面加上 not。 3.在直接引语变成间接引语时,间接引语中的动词、时间、时态、地点、人称等一般要作相 应的变化。一般遵循下列规律:

在直接引语中 在间接引语中 指示代词 this these that those 时间状语 now today yesterday last week tomorrow next year two days ago then that day the day before the week before the next day the next year two days before

地点状语 here there 动词时态 一般现在时 现在进行时 现在完成时 一般过去时 过去完成时 一般将来时 一般过去时 过去进行时 过去完成时 过去完成时 (不变) 过去将来时 动词变化 can/may must come bring could/might had to go take

单项选择

1. I asked him how much. A.does his new car cost B.did his new car cost C.his new car does cost D.his new car cost 2. Do you know now? A.what he ? s looking for B.what is he looking for C.what does he look for D.what he looks for 3. The teacher told us so much noise when people were speaking. A.don ? t makeB.not make C.not makingD.not to make 4. Could you tell me where now? A.are you living B.do you live C.you live D.did you live 5. He didn ? t know he should go or not.

A.ifB.what C.thatD.whether

Unit 2Sports events

1.检测与体育运动有关的词汇的识记、理解和运用。 2.检测情态动词的运用。 3.检测与体育运动有关的读写能力。

(一)重点单词默写 1.愉快的,高兴的 adj. 2.比赛,竞争 vi. 3.缺席,不在场 n. 4.尝试,努力 vt.& n. 5.运输 n.& vt. 6.否则,要不然 adv. 7.起源, 起因,出身 n. 8.频繁的,经常发生的 adj. 9.去除,免除 vt. 10.力量,权力 n. 11.球门,目标 n. 12.击球,射击 n.

13.不公正的 adj. 14.与此同时,在此期间 adv. 15.愤愤不平的,味苦的 adj. (二)重点短语默写 1.向??表示敬意 2.领先 3.坚持 4.转交,传给 5.给??让路

(一)词汇解读 1.delighted adj. 高兴的,愉快的, 欣喜的 【基本构词】delight n.& v. 快乐,欣喜,使快乐 delightful adj. 令人愉快的,令人高兴的 【短语搭配】a delighted look 高兴的表情 be delighted to do...乐于做??be delighted at... 因??而高兴 to one ? s delight 使某人高兴的是 take delight in doing sth 以??为乐 with delight 高兴地 【典型例句】The children were made to laugh with delight. 孩子们被逗得高兴地大笑。 I was delighted to be invited to her party.我很高兴被邀请参加她的聚会。 2.compete vi. 比赛,竞赛 【基本构词】 competition n. 比赛, 竞赛 competitor n. 竞赛者, 比赛者 competitive adj.比赛的, 有竞争力的 【短语搭配】compete with/against sb for sth 与??竞争,想获得?? compete in...参加??比赛 compete for 为??而竞争 【典型例句】Several companies are competing against/with each other for the project.几家公司 为了争取这项工程而互相竞争。 Five children competed in the race.五个孩子参加赛跑。 【词语辨析】compete vi. 比赛,竞赛 complete adj.完成的 vt.完成,结束 3.attempt vt.& n.试图,尝试 【短语搭配】on one ? s first attempt 在第一次尝试时 attempt doing / to do sth 尝试做某事 make an attempt to do sth = make an attempt at doing sth 试图做某事 【典型例句】He attempted to leave but was stopped. 他试图要走,但被拦住了。

He attempted swimming across the river.他试图要游过河去。 He made no attempt to carry it out.他没有设法把它付诸实施。 4.honour n. [U] 荣誉, 名誉, 面子, 敬意 [C] 光荣的事或人 vt. 尊敬,给予荣誉 【基本构词】honoured adj. 感到荣幸的 honourable adj. 光荣的,可敬的,高尚的 【短语搭配】 show honour to sb 尊敬某人,向??表示敬意 in honour of 向??表示敬意 be/feel honoured to do sth 做某事感到荣幸 【典型例句】I am honoured to be asked to speak here. 受邀请在这儿发言我感到非常荣幸。 It is a great honour to be invited here today.今天承蒙邀请到此,深感荣幸。 (二)句型解读 In order for a new sport to be added, another sport must be dropped. 要增加一个新的运动项目, 就得去掉现有的一个项目。 短语 in order 后接动词不定式表示目的, for a new sport 是不定式 to be added 的逻辑主语。 如: Clearly, in order for things to be done in time, it is necessary to act quickly. 很明显,为了按时把 事情做完,有必要迅速采取行动。 (三)语法解读 ★情态动词 1.概念和功能: 表示说话人对所说话语的情感态度或看法, 或表示主观设想或其他情态意义。 2.句法特征:主动式为情态助动词+do (对现在或将来事情的态度和看法) / be doing (对说话 时的事情的态度和看法) / have done (对过去或已经完成的事情的态度和看法) / have been doing (对过去正在发生或一直发生到现在的事情的态度和看法);被动式为情态助动词+be done / have been done 3.意义:情态动词是英语语法中的难点,可用于以下意义:能力、责任与义务、推测、允许、 请求、建议、劝告、胆量、邀请、虚拟语气等。 (1)能力:can 表示能力,could 为其过去式。如:She can swim. 她会游泳。 (2)责任和义务:表示责任和义务的情态动词按照程度由低到高排列为:should / ought to (应该), have to / need (有必要), must(必须,一定要) 。 need 作情态动词时只用于否定和疑问句中。 mustn ? t 表示“禁止” , 而 needn ? t 表示“不必要” 。 对 Must...?的否定回答应该是 No,...needn ? t 或 No,...don ? t have to,而不是 mustn ? t。 (3)推测: might,may,could 表示“可能” ,should,ought to 表示“料想/按常理说应该” , will,must 表示“肯定,一定” 。 might not / may not 意思是 “可能不” ,should not / ought not to 意思是“料想/按常理不会 ” , won ? t 意思是“不会” , couldn ? t / can ? t 表示“不可能” 。 ① 情态助动词+do:对现在的一般情况或将来进行推测。 That man smiled at you. He may know you.那个男的朝你笑了,他可能认识你。 ②情态助动词+be doing: 对说话时的行为进行推测(但 will be doing 还可以表示对将来某 个时候正发生的行为进行推测,所谓将来进行时) 。 ③ 情态助动词+have done:对发生过的动作行为进行推测。 (4) 允许: 表示允许的情态动词是: can, could, may, might。 might 和 could 并不是过去时态, 只是比 may 和 can 委婉而已。could 和 might 只用于疑问句中表请求或询问许可。 (5) 请求: 表示请求对方做某事的情态动词是: will / can / could / would you..., could 和 would 并不是过去时态,只是比 can 和 will 委婉而已。

(6)胆量:dare 作情态动词表示“敢” ,常用于否定和疑问句。 (7)邀请:Will you / Would you / Can you / Could you 都可以表示邀请。Would you like 是常 用的邀请用语。would 和 could 不是过去时态,而是比 will 和 can 更委婉的说法。

单项选择

1.—Mum, may I watch TV now? —Sure, but you help me with some homework. A.canB.may C.mustD.could 2. —May I have a word with you? —I ? m afraid you . I ? m busy today. A.needn ? tB.wouldn ? t C.don ? t have toD.can ? t 3. —Could I use your phone for a little while? —Of course you . A.mustB.could C.canD.might 4. —Who is the boy over there? Is it John? —No, it be him. John is much taller. A.mustn ? tB.may not C.can ? tD.needn ? t 5. She have known the news, but I ? m not sure.

A.willB.need C.mayD.must

Unit 3Tomorrow ? s world

1.检测与科幻有关的词汇的识记、理解和运用。 2.检测被动语态的运用。 3.检测与科幻有关的读写能力。

(一)重点单词默写

1.使惊奇 vt. 2.社交的,社会的 adj. 3.自信的,信心十足的 adj. 4.伤害,损坏 vt. 5.生物学 n. 6.城市的 adj. 7.控诉,谴责 vt. 8.不断的,恒定的 adj. 9.起作用,功能 vi.& n. 10.包装,包裹 vt.& n.

11.雇佣,租借 vt. 12.漂流 vi. 13.逃离,避免 vi.& vt. 14.破旧的,疲惫的 adj. 15.印象,感想 n. (二)重点短语默写 1.使增加 2.提出(观点、议案等) 3.至于,关于 4.最后但同等重要的

(一)词汇解读 1.disappointed adj. 失望的,沮丧的 【基本构词】disappoint v. 使人失望 disappointment n. 失望,沮丧 disappointing adj. 令人 失望的 【短语搭配】be disappointed with /in sb 对某人感到失望 be disappointed at /about /with sth 对 某事感到失望 be disappointed to do sth 做某事感到失望 be disappointed that...感到失望 to one ? s disappointment 令某人失望的是 【词语辨析】disappointing,disappointed (1) disappointing 表示“令人失望的” ,通常用于事物给人的感觉。 Your work is really disappointing.你的工作真是令人失望。 (2) disappointed 表示“失望的” “感到失望的” ,通常用以说明“人”自己的感觉。 She looks disappointed.她看起来很失望。 2.escape vi.& vt.逃离 【短语搭配】escape from/out of 避免,漏出,流出 escape doing 逃脱,避免 【典型例句】 The soldier escaped from the enemy ? s prison. 这个士兵从敌人的监狱里逃了出 来。 We were lucky to escape being punished.我们很幸运, 没有受罚。 3.worn adj.破旧的,疲惫的 vt.wear 的过去分词

【短语搭配】be worn out 被穿破,被用旧,筋疲力尽 【典型例句】His coat was worn in several places. 他的外套破了好几处。 She was worn out after a day ? s walk.走了一天,她筋疲力尽。 (二)句型解读 Not only will he or she feel every step of climbing Mount Qomolangma, but the user will also experience the cold, smells, sights and sounds of the surrounding environment. 他/她不仅能感觉 到爬珠穆朗玛峰的每一步,而且能体验到寒冷、气味、风景以及山上的声音。 【句型】not only...but also...意为“不仅??而且??” not only 位于句首,其所在分句用部分倒装。not only...but also...连接并列主语时,谓语遵循 “就近原则” 。but also 中的 also 也可省去;but also 也可换为 but...as well。 Not only did he speak English correctly, but he spoke it fluently. 他不仅说得准确,而且流利。 (三)语法解读 ★被动语态 被动语态的构成方式:be+过去分词,口语中也有用 get / become+过去分词表示。 被动语态的基本用法: 不知道或没必要提到动作的执行者是谁时用被动语态; 强调或突出动 作的承受者常用被动语态(by 短语有时可以省略) 。 1.使用被动语态时应注意的几个问题。 (1)主动变被动时,宾语补足语变成主语补足语(位置不变) ;原来省 to 作补语的不定式 前需加 to。 The boss made him work all day long. 老板迫使他整天干活。 He was made to work all day long(by the boss).他被(老板)逼得天天干活。 (2)短语动词变被动语态时,切勿遗漏句末的介词。 The children were taken good care of(by her). 这些孩子被她照顾得很周到。 当句子的谓语为 say、believe、expect、think、know、write、consider、report 等时,被动语 态有两种形式:①谓语动词用被动语态,动词不定式作主补。②用 it 作形式主语,真正的 主语在后面,用主语从句来表示。如: It is said that he is a smart boy. He is said to be a smart boy. 据说他是一个伶俐的孩子。 Paper was known to be made in China first. 广为人知的是:纸最初是在中国造出来的。 类似句型有: It is said / known / suggested / believed / hoped/ thought that... 2.不能用被动语态的几种情况。 (1)所有的不及物动词或不及物动词词组不能用于被动语态之中。 (2)sell, write, wash, open, look, record, cut 等动词常常可用作不及物动词,后加 easily,well 等修饰性状语,表示主语(通常为物)自身的属性。 This kind of cloth washes easily.这种布易洗。

(一)单项选择

1.—Do you often clean your classroom? —Yes. Our classroom every day. A.cleanB.cleans C.is cleanedD.are cleaned 2.It is said that his new book next month. A.will be published B.is publishing C.is being published D.will publish 3.—Mum, can I go to the zoo with Jack? —When your homework , you can. A.is doneB.does C.will be doneD.will do 4. The surface of this table so smooth. I think it is well worth . A.is felt; to be bought B.is feeling; buying C.feels; buying D.is being felt; bought 5.Look! A nice picture for our teacher. A.is drawingB.is being drawn C.has drawnD.draws (二)阅读理解

Whenever the sun dropped and the blue sky came up, my father and I used to climb the mountain near my house. Walking together, my father and I used to have a lot of conversations through which I learned lessons from his experiences. He always told me, ?You should have goals like climbing the mountain.’ Without the mountain ? climbing that we both enjoyed, we couldn ? t have enough time to spend together because my father was very busy. I really got a lot from the mountain ? climbing. It gave me time to talk with my father and to be in deep thought as well as develop my patience. Once we climbed a very high mountain. It was so challenging for me because I was only ten years old. During the first few hours of climbing, I enjoyed the flowers and trees, and the birds ? singing. But as time passed, I got a pain in both of my legs. I wanted to quit climbing, but my father said to me,‘You can always see a beautiful sky at the top of the mountain, but you can ? t see it before you reach the top. Only there can you see all of the nice things, which is just like your life.’ At that time, I was too young to understand his words. But later after that, I got to know the meaning of hope in life. I found myself standing at the top of the mountain, and the sky was as clear as crystal. 1.The underlined word “crystal” in the passage means. A.岩石 B.火焰 C.水晶 D.寒冰 2. Which of the following is the closest in meaning to the father ? s words in the second paragraph? A.You will get all you need at the top of the mountain. B.The sky is always as clear as crystal. C.You can find life is full of nice things. D.Never give up half ? way. 3. We can infer(推断) from the last paragraph that. A.the writer was very successful in his life B.the writer reached the top of the mountain C.though the writer was young, he could understand his father D.the writer used to stop half ? way when he climbed the mountain

4. The best title for the passage is . A.Reaching the Top of the Mountain B.An Experience of Mountain ? climbing C.Conversations Between Father and Son D.How to Get to the Top of the Mountain

Module 5

Unit 1 Getting along with others

1.检测有关性格方面的词汇识记、理解和运用。 2.检测动词不定式和动名词的运用。 3.检测与友情有关的文章的读写能力。

(一)重点单词默写

1.假装,装扮 vi & vt. 2.愉快的, 高兴的 a. 3.承认,允许进入 vi.& vt. 4.发誓 vi.& vt. 5.集中注意力于 vi.& vt.焦点,重点 n.

6.内疚的;有罪的 adj. 7.争吵,争论 vi. 8.道歉 vi. 9.易生气的,敏感的,体贴的 adj. 10.有天赋的 adj. 11.话题 n. 12.克服 vt. 13.态度,看法 n. 14.做出反应,回应 vi. 15.全世界 adv.&adj. (二)重点短语默写

1.暗中监视,窥探 2.(与??)步调一致 3.不久,很快 4.(电话等)接通 5.不管,不顾 6.以??为基础 7.最后成为,最终处于 8.依靠,依赖 9.幸亏,由于

(一)词汇解读 1.admit v. 承认,准许(入场、入学、入会等) 【基本构词】admission n. 准许,准入 【短语搭配】admit (doing) sth 承认 admit to 承认 admit sb to (into) 允许某人进入(某一组 织、机构、学校、团体等)admit (that)...承认?? 【典型例句】No admission without tickets.无票不准进入。 Admission to the concert costs £5. 音乐会的入场券是五英镑一张。 Our daughter was admitted to Beijing University. 我们的女儿被北京大学录取了。 He admitted (to) having taken the money.他承认拿了那笔钱。 I admit (that) I was wrong (=I admit my mistake). 我承认我错了。 【词语辨析】allow, permit, let 和 admit 的用法区别 allow 强调“默许” 。用法:allow sb to do; allow doing permit 有时可与 allow 通用, 不过它语气更强。 用法: permit doing; permit sb to do 可用于 “明 文规定允许或不允许” 。如:The policemen permitted him to park here.警察允许他将车停在这 儿。 let 与上面两个可以通用,不过更口语化,而且用法不同:let sb do admit 表示“允许进入,接受(入学、入会)等” 。用法:admit sb to / into some place,这里 to / into 是介词。另外,admit 还有“承认”的意思。 2.dislike n.& vt.讨厌,不喜欢 【短语搭配】have / show a dislike for / of 不喜欢,讨厌 take a dislike to 不喜欢,讨厌 【典型例句】I have a dislike for / of cats. 我不喜欢猫。He dislikes being spoken like that. 他讨 厌(别人)那样跟他讲话。 【基本用法】 ① 用作名词, 表示 “不喜欢” “讨厌” 。 dislike 通常不接不定式, 而后接 to doing sth。如:I have a strong dislike to playing cards for money. 我非常讨厌打牌赌钱。 ② 用作动词,其后通常接名词或动名词作宾语,在现代英语中通常不接不定式(这与其反 义词 like 不同) 。如:We dislike cold weather. 我们不喜欢寒冷的天气。 ③动词 dislike 在现代英语中不仅不接不定式作宾语,而且通常也不接不定式的复合结构。 如:I dislike him (his) driving my car. 我讨厌他开我的车。 ③dislike 通常只用作及物动词, 所以下面一句中其后的 it 不能省略, 构成常用句型: I dislike it when you whistle. 我讨厌你吹口哨。 3.focus vi.& vt.集中注意力于??, (使)聚焦 n.焦点,重点,焦距 【基本用法】①无论作为动词还是名词,focus 均可与 on 或 upon 搭配使用。②作为及物动 词,常构成词组 focus one ? s mind / attention on / upon sth,意思是“集中注意力于某事物” 。 ③作为名词,可构成词组 bring sth into focus / to a focus,意思是“使某事物突出或明朗化” 。 【典型例句】He was too tired to focus (his mind) on the class.他太累了,无法将注意力集中于 课堂。 The young singer soon became the focus of people ? s attention. 这位年轻歌手很快成为了人们 注意的焦点。 4.argue vi.& vt.争论,争吵 【基本构词】argument n. 争论,争吵,论据,论点 【基本用法】argue about / over sth 为某事争论 argue with sb 与某人争吵 argue that...争辩 道?? 【典型例句】The couple often argue with each other about money. 夫妻俩经常为了钱吵架。

I argued that more measures should be taken to stop pollution. 我据理力争,应该采取更多的措 施来制止污染。 (二)句型解读 The qualities that boys and girls consider important in a friend seem to be the same, regardless of the basis of these friendships. 无论男孩和女孩友谊的基础是什么,他们所看重的朋友身上的 品质似乎是一样的。 【句型】regardless of 不顾,不管 We worked all day regardless of the cold weather. 尽管天气寒冷,我们还是工作了一整天。

(三) 语法解读 ★不定式 1.形式

主动形式 被动形式 一般式 to do to be done 完成式 to have done to have been done 进行式 to be doing / 2.功能 (1)作主语 To finish the work took me only five minutes. 完成这工作只花了我五分钟时间。 (2)作宾语 He wants to be a doctor. 他想成为一个医生。 I find it difficult to finish the work. 我发现完成这工作很难。 注意:下列动词常接不定式作宾语:afford, dream, intend, promise, refuse, expect, hope, learn, offer, wish, want, fail, plan, agree, decide, manage, arrange, determine, desire 等。 (3)作表语 What she wants to do most now is(to) travel abroad. 她现在最想做的就是去国外旅游。 (4)作定语 I need a pen to write with. 我需要一支写字用的钢笔。 (5)作宾语补足语或主语补足语

We often hear her sing the song at home. 我们常常听到她在家唱这首歌。 My teacher asked me to go home on time. 老师要我按时回家。 She was considered to have stolen the money. 有人认为她偷了钱。 注意:感官动词和一些使役动词后面常接不带 to 的不定式作宾语补足语,例如:see, watch, notice, hear, listen to, observe, make, let, have 等。 (6)作目的状语 Tim sat near the fire to get warm. 提姆坐在火边取暖。 注意:不定式作目的状语,相当于 in order (not) to, so as (not) to 引导的目的状语。 (7)作结果状语 Would you be so kind as to step this way, please? 请这边走好吗? I tried opening the door,only to find it locked inside. 我试图开门,结果发现门反锁了。 (8)作原因状语 I am happy to see you.很高兴见到你。 注意:不定式作原因状语常放在那些表示心理感觉的形容词之后。 (9)不定式的完成式 The novel was said to have been published.据说这部小说已经出版了。 注意:不定式的完成式表示不定式的动作先于主句的谓语动词发生。动词 seem, appear, be said, be supposed, be believed, be thought, be known, be reported 等常用于上面句型。 ★动名词 1.形式

主动形式 被动形式 一般式 doing being done 完成式 having done having been done 2.功能 (1)作主语:It is no use waiting here. 在这儿等着是没用的。 (2)作表语:A nurse ? s job is looking after patients. 护士的工作是照看病人。 (3)作宾语:Do you mind my opening the window? 你介意我打开窗户吗? 注意: 下列动词、 短语和句型后只能接动名词: suggest, finish, avoid, stop, can ? t help... (禁 不住??) , mind, enjoy, require, practise, miss, pardon, advise, consider, imagine, keep, appreciate, escape, allow, permit, feel like, look forward to..., keep on..., It is no good / use... (没有 用、好处??), can ? t stand(无法忍受??)等。 (4)作定语 a sleeping bag 一个睡袋

a walking stick 拐杖 (5)动名词的时态、语态及否定式 I am used to watching TV in the evening. 我晚上习惯看电视。 She regrets not having studied the computer science hard. 她后悔没用功学电脑。 (6)某些动词,如:forget, regret, remember, mean, try, mean, go on 等后面可以接动名词, 也可以接动词不定式,但词义有区别。 He forgot to close the door when he left. 他离开时忘记关门了。 I ? ll never forget winning my first gold medal. 我永远忘不了我获得的第一枚金牌。 注意:forget to do“忘记要做某事” ,不定式表示动作并未发生;forget doing“忘记做某事” , 动名词表示动作已经发生。

单项选择 1. The teacher asked us so much noise. A.don ? t makeB.not make C.not makingD.not to make 2. Andrew is really outgoing. As I know, he is easy . A.getting along B.to get along with C.to be getting along D.to have got along with 3.I ? ll give a talk tomorrow. I ? m thinking about . A.what to say B.how to say C.what can I say D.how can I say 4. —What are you busy these days?

—Nothing much. A.doB.doing C.to doD.done 5. Mary prefers . A.sing and dance B.singing to dancing C.to sing to dance D.to sing than dancing

Unit 2The environment

1.检测与环境有关的词汇的识记、理解和运用。 2.检测现在分词作定语、状语、宾语补足语的理解和运用。 3.检测和经济与环保关系有关的读写能力。

(一)重点单词默写

1.辩论,争论,讨论 vi.& n. 2.环境的, 与环境有关的 a. 3.回收利用 vi.& vt. 4.经营,操作,动手术 vi.& vt. 5.数量 n. 6.使印象深刻 vt.

7.冲突,抵触,矛盾 vi.& n. 8.措施,方法,测量,估量 n.& vt. 9.洪水,大批,泛滥,大量涌入 n. 10.范围,山脉,变化,包括,排列 n.& vi. 11.赞赏,欣赏,赏识 vt. 12.(对自然环境的)保护, 保存 n. 13.交通工具,车辆 n. 14.特别的,挑剔的 adj. 15.吸收,使全神贯注 vt.

(二)重点短语默写 1.用完,耗尽 2.打扫或清除干净 3.尽自己的职责 4.自由发言 5.尤其,特别 6.减少,削减 7.排队等候 8.找出,挑选 9.在进行中 10.关于,至于

(一)词汇解读 1.absorb v.吸收,吸引 【基本构词】absorbed adj. 全神贯注的,一心一意的 【短语搭配】be absorbed in 全神贯注于, 专心于 【典型例句】His new business absorbs him. 他全神贯注于他的新业务。 The boy was absorbed in all kinds of knowledge. 这个男孩全神贯注地学习各种知识。 2.range vi.& n.(在一定范围内)变化,范围,排列 【基本用法】range v.排列,使成行。n. 范围(指从??到??各种种类,可供选择的范围 等,可加不定冠词) ,排列。 【短语搭配】beyond the range of...超越??的范围 out of one ? s range 某人达不到的 range from...to.../ between...and...从??到??不等。 【典型例句】The children ? s ages range from 8 to 15.这些孩子的年龄在 8 岁到 15 岁之间。 The shop keeps a wide range of goods.这家商店商品的品种很多。 3.impress vt.使印象深刻;使感动 【基本构词】impression n. 印象,感觉 impressive adj. 给人深刻印象的,感人的,令人钦佩 的 【短语搭配】be impressed by/at/with 被??深深打动/感动 impress sth on/upon sb=impress sb with sth 使某人将某事物铭记在心 leave sb with a deep impression 给某人留下深刻印象 【典型例句】The book impressed a lot of people. 这本书在很多人心中留下深刻印象。 (二)句型解读 The world ? s population has grown by six times what it was in 1800.目前的世界人口与 1800 年 相比已经增长了那时的六倍。 grow by 意思是“净增了” ,类似的表达还有 increase by, rise by 等。例如:Sales of new cars in our country grew by 20% this year. 我国今年的新车销量增加了百分之二十。 (三)语法解读 ★现在分词 1.形式

主动形式 被动形式 一般式 doing being done 完成式 having done having been done 2.功能 (1)作表语

The news was exciting.这消息激动人心。 The situation on the court is inspiring.场上的情况令人鼓舞。 注意:现在分词多表示主语所具有的特征或属性。 (2)作定语 a touching story 感人的故事 flying birds 飞翔的鸟 the coming week 下周 running water 自来水 Barking dogs seldom bite. 爱叫的狗不咬人。 注意:单个现在分词作定语,一般放在被修饰的名词之前;分词短语作定语,一般放在被修 饰的名词之后,在意义上相当于一个定语从句。 Who is the man standing by the door? = Who is the man that is standing by the door? 站在门边 的那个人是谁? (3)现在分词作状语 Walking in the street, I came across an old friend. = When I was walking in the street, I came across an old friend. 在街上走的时候,我遇到了一位老朋友。 Being ill, he didn ? t go to school. = As he was ill, he didn ? t go to school. 由于生病了,他没 去上学。 注意:现在分词作状语,可表时间、原因、方式、结果、条件、让步、伴随等含义,相当于 一个对应的状语从句所表达的意思。

(一)单项选择 1. Don ? t let me catch you . A.do that again B.to do that again C.doing that again D.done that again 2.—What did you do in the garden? —I watched my father his motorbike. A.to repairB.repaired C.repairingD.repairs 3. You should really avoid at home alone as he is old and ill. A.your father stay

B.your father to stay C.your father ? s staying D.your father who stays 4. John didn ? t want to risk wet as he had only one suit. A.gettingB.to get C.being gotD.to be got 5. Her husband was too busy with his job,so he couldn ? t helpthe houstwork. A.doingB.do C.didD.to do (二) 双向翻译 请根据上下文内容,将短文中画线部分译成汉语或者英语。 Desertification is the name for what happens when land used to grow crops turns into desert. It is a world problem caused by people ? s activities. They cut down trees and dig up bushes. 1.Some farmers get rich by letting their animals eat all the grass. Others keep on planting things on the same piece of land. We should know 2.土地也需要休息。 Scientists say out ? of ? date farming methods may cause desertification. Meanwhile, we must stop building too many factories. They will pollute the water and if we are not careful enough, 3.we will not be able to offer animals and plants any water. In that case, 4.所有的植物将会死去, and the desertification will form. So from now on, 5.we should keep people informed of the danger of such activities. 1. 2. 3. 4. 5.

Unit 3Science and nature

1.检测与词缀以及和人体有关的词汇的识记、理解和运用。 2.检测过去分词的运用。 3.检测与自然和科技有关的读写能力。

(一)重点单词默写

1.精确的,准确的 adj. 2.忧虑,焦虑,不安 n. 3.收养,采纳 vt. 4.结果,后果 n. 5.使改变外观或性质 vt. 6.职业,行业 n. 7.突破 n. 8.多数,大多数 n. 9.普通的,一般的 adj. 10.可信赖的,可依靠的 adj. 11.精确的,准确的 adj. 12.简洁的,短时间的 adj. 13.实际的,真实的 adj. 14.证实,确认 vt. & vi. 15.使惊吓,使惊恐 vt.

(二)重点短语默写

1.义无反顾地进行,努力推进 2.供出售,待销售 3.耗尽体力,累垮 4.仿效某人 5.认真考虑 6.赞同 7.戏弄 8.在某人看来

(一)词汇解读 1.adopt vt. 收养,领养,采用,采纳(议案、意见等) 【基本构词】adopter n.养父母 adoptee n. 被收养者 【短语搭配】adopt measures / new methods / an idea 采取措施 / 采用新办法 / 采纳意见 an adopted son 养子 adopted words 外来词 【典型例句】Mr King adopted the orphan as his own son. 金先生将那孤儿收养为自己的儿子。 We adopted different approaches to the problem.针对这个问题,我们采取了不同的解决办法。 2.ordinary adj. 普通的,一般的 【词语辨析】common, usual 和 ordinary (1)common 意为“普通的,平常的” ,指常见的、常常发生的、不足为奇的。 The birds are very common here.这些鸟在这儿很常见。 Snow is common in cold countries.在寒冷的国家,雪是常见的。 (2)usual 意为“通常的,习惯性的” ,可用于一切频繁发生的事情。 Tea is considered to be the usual drink in Britain. 在英国,茶被视为一种习惯性的饮料。 (3)ordinary 意为“普通的,平凡的,随时都可以碰到的”等含义,与 common 意思相近。 Ordinary people work eight hours a day.普通人一天工作八个小时。 It was a very ordinary day today.今天是很平常的一天。 3.majority n. 多数, 大半 【短语搭配】 in the majority 拥有多数的, 占多数的 a majority of 许多的, 大量的 the majority of 大多数的 【典型例句】At the meeting, young people were in the majority. 在会上年轻人占大多数。 The majority were / was against the plan. 多数人不赞成这个计划。 (注:majority 与 of 连用,主要指人,谓语动词用复数。单独使用时,后面的谓语动词用单 数或复数均可。 )

(二)句型解读 On the other hand, many people, including some scientists, disagree and are afraid that, if mankind toy with nature in this way, we may be on our way to producing a real ? life Frankenstein ? s monster.另一方面,包括许多科学家在内的很多人则持不同意见,他们担心 如果人类用这种方式玩弄自然,那就可能离制造一个现实生活中弗兰肯斯坦怪物不远了。 在句中 on the other hand 是句型 on the one hand...on the other (hand)...的一种表达形式,意为 “一方面??另一方面??” 。例如: On the one hand, I love my job as a teacher, but on the other hand, I feel I have too little time with my child. 一方面我喜欢教师这份工作, 另一方面我又感到和我的孩子在一起的时间太少了。 (三)语法解读 ★过去分词 1.形式 过去分词是由动词转变过来的,有规则和不规则两种形式。规则动词的过去分词为 v.+ed。 2.功能 (1)作表语:She looked very disappointed. 她看起来很失望。 注意:过去分词作表语时,句中的主语通常是人,说明其感受。 (2)作定语:Soon our respected and beloved leader entered the hall. 不久,我们尊敬和爱戴 的领导走进了大厅。 注意:单个的过去分词作定语,多放在被修饰的名词之前。 There are lots of fallen leaves on the ground. = There are lots of leaves which have fallen on the ground.地上有许多落叶。 Have you read any short stories written by Lu Xun? = Have you read any short stories which were written by Lu Xun?你读过鲁迅写的短篇小说吗? 注意:过去分词短语作定语应放在被修饰的名词之后,在意义上相当于一个定语从句。 (3)作状语: Seen from space, the earth looks blue. = When it is seen from space, the earth looks blue. 从太空看,地球看起来是蓝色的。 注意:过去分词作状语时,它的逻辑主语是句子的主语。过去分词短语作状语时,前面有时 可以加上 when, if, while, though, as if 等连词, 这种结构可以看作是一种省略的状语从句 (省 略部分多为“主语+be”这一情况) 。例如: When heated, water changes into steam.加热后,水变成蒸汽。 (4)作宾语补足语:After the robbery, they found the front door broken. 抢劫案发生后,他们 发现前门坏了。 (5)充当形容词的现在分词和过去分词的区别: 情绪 类动词的现在 分词和过 去分词可以转 化为形容 词,常见的有 : puzzling, puzzled; interesting, interested; amazing, amazed; exciting, excited; surprising, surprised; annoying, annoyed; tiring, tired; boring, bored; pleasing, pleased; satisfying, satisfied; moving, moved; touching, touched; confusing, confused; embarrassing, embarrassed; frightening, frightened; disappointing, disappointed 等等。 ① 现在分词常用来表示某人或某物引起的某种情绪,或者说明主语(多是事物或指某人的 言行等)所具有的特征;在语义上表示主动关系。例如: His class was really very boring.他的课堂真的很乏味。 I noticed an amazing picture.我注意到一幅令人惊异的图画。

The performer was very interesting.那位表演者(的表演)很有趣。 ② 过去分词则往往用来表示某人(通常作主语)感到的某种情绪,在语义上表示被动关系; 这类动词变过来的形容词还可以修饰人格化的东西。例如: I was amazed to notice the difference.注意到这一差异,我感到惊异。 The boy seems (to be) interested in science.这个男孩似乎对自然科学感兴趣。 Robert felt puzzled by his sister ? s behavior.罗伯特为他妹妹的行为所迷惑。 in an excited voice 用激动的声音 a tired look 一副疲倦的样子

(一)单项选择 1. Let me have a rest. The work made me very . A.tired; tiredB.tiring; tiring C.tired; tiringD.tiring; tired 2. Sugar, when with water, dissolves(溶解) quickly. A.mixedB.mixing C.mixD.is mixed 3. and happy, Tonny stood up and accepted the prize. A.SurprisingB.Surprised C.Being surprisedD.To be surprising 4. more attention, the trees could have grown better. A.GivenB.To give C.GivingD.Having given 5. Cleaning women in big cities usually get by the hour. A.payB.paying C.paidD.to pay (二)书面表达

你们班即将举行一次“人与自然”主题班会。请参考下面的要点,用标题“People should not keep snakes as pets”写一篇发言稿,提出自己的看法。文章的开头和结尾已给出,词数 100 左右。 ①So many people fear snakes. ②Some snakes are poisonous and can kill people. ③Important facts about snakes in the world: ? types of snakes: about 3,000 ? number of poisonous snakes:at least 600 ? number of people bitten by snakes: more than 300,000 every year ④Snakes may disturb people ? s lives and they are a danger to human beings and many other animals. People should not keep snakes as pets Good afternoon, everyone! As far as we know,

That ? s all! Thank you for your listening!

模 拟 试 卷 本试卷分听力技能、知识运用、阅读技能、写作技能四个部分 时量 120 分钟,满分 100 分

第一部分听力技能 (略) (共 20 小题,满分 20 分) 第二部分知识运用(共两节,满分 20 分) 第一节单项填空 (共 10 小题;每小题 1 分,满分 10 分) 从 A、B、C、D 选项中,选出可以填入空白处的最佳选项。

21.When you have some trouble in study, you need teacher ? s help. A.youB.your C.yoursD.yourself 22.The man called up yesterday wants to buy the house. A.whichB.whom C.whoD.whose 23.Both Beijing and Tianjin in the north of China. A.isB.was C.wereD.are 24.The news a storm was coming shocked everyone in the village. A.whereB.that C.when D.what 25. is so nice to take a walk on campus after a busy day. A.ItB.There C.ThatD.This 26.—Excuse me. Could I use your umbrella for a while? —Of course, you . A.shouldB.can C.must D.will 27.It is said that a new bridge over the river next winter. A.will be builtB.will build C.was builtD.built

28.Sarah wanted some friends, so she entered an Internet chat room. A.makingB.to make C.madeD.makes 29.I to Zhangjiajie twice since I heard about it. A.have goneB.go C.wentD.have been 30.Wear a life jacket you fall into the water. A.in caseB.as if C.even ifD.so that 第二节完形填空 (共 10 小题;每小题 1 分,满分 10 分) 阅读下面短文,掌握其大意,然后从第 31 至第 40 小题所给的 A、B、C、D 选项中,选出 最佳选项。 Dear Dr Fang, How are you? I am writing to ask for some31 about how to help my 15 ? year ? old son. At the moment, he refuses to do almost anything his mother and I ask him to do. He is our only child and we treat him very 32. Though his grandparents buy him many things, yet he is still 33 to them and often shouts at them. He also 34 to spend time with us or do as we tell him. Recently, he has been refusing to do his homework, and instead insists on35 his time listening to foreign music. I cannot understand that 36, and I don ? t like it. Meanwhile, he spends too much time in Internet cafes, where he either plays games 37 chats on the Internet. He is wasting valuable time during this 38 period in his life! What shall I do? I am worried about it.39 I keep allowing him to do what he wants, he may fail at school, or worse. How can I help my son 40 hurting our feelings? Best regards Liu Zhen ()31.A.questionsB.advice C.problemsD.lessons

()32.A.badlyB.ill C.wellD.coldly ()33.A.kindB.good C.politeD.rude ()34.A.prefers B.wants C.likesD.refuses ()35.A.savingB.missing C.wastingD.winning ()36.A.musicB.film C.gameD.play ()37.A.andB.or C.butD.so ()38.A.darkB.old C.sadD.important ()39.A.IfB.Until C.ThoughD.Before ()40.A.forB.in C.withoutD.about 第三部分阅读技能 (共三节,满分 35 分) 第一节阅读理解 (共 12 小题;每小题 2 分,满分 24 分) 阅读下列短文,从每题所给的 A、B、C、D 选项中,选出最佳选项。 A How I wish to go to the bottom of the sea for an adventure!

There are quite a lot of beautiful fishes swimming here around me and they are in different shapes and colors. A big whale or a shark might appear. Frightening, isn ? t it? But most fishes are friendly and won ? t hurt you if you do not attack them.

****************** Last night, I had a dream. I was flying to Africa! Once I reached the land, I found a jeep to the grasslands. I was about to get into the jeep when I saw a few snakes in front of me. Luckily, they went away without hurting me. Soon I happened to spot(发现) some nice giraffes and a crowd of zebras. On my way back, there was something wrong with the jeep. I was so scared that I fell with the jeep upside down.

41.Qin Yixing dreams to go to the bottom of the sea to . A.have a holiday B.take an adventure C.find a job D.watch a game 42.According to Qin Yixing, we know most fishes are . A.noisy B.frightening C.friendlyD.quiet 43.Zhang Liang got to Africa. A.by planeB.by jeep C.by waterD.by bus 44.In his dream, Zhang Liang saw all these animals EXCEPT . A.snakes B.giraffes C.zebrasD.tigers

B This is not a diet. It ? s a simple way to lose weight. You don ? t have to give up the food you love or join a gym. You just follow some habits thin people have. Keep them, and you ? ll become thin. ◆Wake ? upWhen you wake up in the morning, sit up slowly without using your hands. With legs straight out, lean forward(前俯) until you feel sore(酸痛的) in your back. It will use up 10 calories. ◆Start with soupOrder a clear soup, and have it before the main food. In this way, you ? ll feel fuller, so you ? ll eat less when the main food comes. ◆An apple or more a dayApples are full of fiber(纤维) and water, so your stomach will want less. Studies show that people who eat at least three apples or pears a day may lose weight. ◆Talk it upEvery time you use the cell phone, stand up and walk around. Heavy people sit on average two and a half hours more each day than thin people. This skill is very important as standing up and walking around will burn up 50 or more calories. Use these skills, and you will have a big weight loss. 45.The text is to encourage you to . A.go on a diet B.give up your favorite foods C.join a gym D.follow some habits of thin people 46.Which of the following ways is a good choice to become thin? A.Sit up quickly in the morning. B.Have soup before the main food. C.Eat rice instead of apples. D.Sit down when using a cell phone. 47.How many skills are there in the text for people to lose weight? A.Two. B.Three. C.Four.D.Five.

48.The text is most likely to be read. A.in a magazine B.in a dictionary C.in a story ? book D.on a map C Julian Beever is a well ? known British artist. His drawings have appeared on the streets of London, Paris, Tokyo, New York and many other cities around the world. Beever creates what looks like a three ? dimensional design(三维设计). From animals to heroes to buildings, the paintings are a wonder for our eyes to see. In his book Pavement Chalk Artist, Beever shares some of his most attractive and humorous pieces. Here are the examples you will find in the book. Philadelphia Eagle, created in the USA, is a huge drawing with an eagle(鹰) landing on an American national flag.Meeting Mr Frog was created in Spain and is about a realistic ? looking(样子逼真的) frog sitting on a lily pad(睡莲叶子).Swimming Pool in the High Street is about a woman relaxing in a swimming pool sunk into the middle of the street. Along with an introduction about his background, Beever shares information about his time at home in the UK and abroad. With a fun story coming after each piece of art, this 112 ? page book is really worth another look. 49.Julian Beever comes from . A.the UKB.France C.JapanD.the USA 50.What do people think of Beever ? s drawings? A.Terrible.B.Ugly. C.Wonderful.D.Boring. 51.Which of the art pieces can NOT be found in the book Pavement Chalk Artist? A.Philadelphia Eagle. B.Meeting Mr Frog. C.Swimming Pool in the High Street.

D.Sharing information. 52.The text mainly talks about . A.a three ? dimensional design B.Julian Beever and his book C.an attractive drawing D.famous artists in Spain 第二节摘录信息 (共 5 小题;每小题 1 分,满分 5 分) 阅读下面短文,根据所读内容在文后第 53 至第 57 小题的空格里填上适当的单词或短语。 注意:每空不超过 3 个单词。 Enter senior high schools ? Wordsmith Competition and you could win great prizes and improve your English writing skills. All Senior High students are encouraged to enter the competition. Write a story of at least 350 words about any subject you can think of. Here are some rules you must follow. Give your story a title and provide personal information with the entry(参赛作品). Your story must be original and written by yourself. Stories that are imaginative(创新的) will receive high marks. Keep a copy of your story for yourself. No entries will be returned. Stories must be received by June 1 through e ? mail. Send your story to www.wordsmith@edu.cn. An award of 1,000 yuan will be given to the first ? prize winner, 800 yuan to the second and 500 yuan to the third. You ? ll be informed by e ? mail and the winning entries will be posted on the website. Title: Wordsmith Competition

Purpose To win great prizes and improve your 53.. What to write About any subject in at least 54.words.

55. ? You must give the story a title and your personal information. ? Your story must be original and written by yourself. ? Your story must be received by 56.. Awards 1,000 yuan will be given to 57., 800 yuan to the second and 500 yuan to the third.

第三节回答问题(共 3 小题;每小题 2 分,满分 6 分) 阅读下面短文,根据第 58 至第 60 小题的具体要求,尽可能简要回答问题。 Cell phones are playing an important part in our daily life. Some people even can ? t go without cell phones. In recent years, many people say they are worried that using cell phones may bring them radiation(辐射). In San Francisco, an American woman moved out of her apartment, because she couldn ? t stand the radiation from next door. She said, ‘When my neighbors fixed a Wi ? Fi router(无线宽带路 由器), I lost the ability to think clearly. I even fell down to the floor sometimes. I had to escape from the radiation.? She was not alone. Millions of Americans say they have had headaches when they are too close to cell phones. However, the World Health Organization says cell phones are not harmful at all. Some people feel sick when they use cell phones. In fact, it is just a psychological(心理的) problem. Whether or not cell phones are harmful, it is good for us to take a break from using them now and then. 58.What are people worried about when using cell phones?(回答词数不超过 7 个)

59.Why did the American woman move out of her apartment?(回答词数不超过 9 个)

60.What does the author advise us to do in the end?(回答词数不超过 11 个)

第四部分写作技能 (共两节,满分 25 分) 第一节双向翻译 (共 5 小题;每小题 2 分,满分 10 分)

请根据上下文内容,将文中画线部分译成汉语或者英语。 Recently, I have experienced some problems in the school computer room.61.The computers are old and slow, and sometimes they even do not work. On Sunday, March 2, for example, 62.I had to spend four hours doing my homework, all because of the problems with the computer I was using. 63.我试了一下其他的电脑, but they were in worse condition. After I pushed the ‘enter ? button, nothing happened. 64.我不得不找老师来帮助我。 It took half an hour to fix it. Lots of students also had the same experience. We know it ? s important for us to learn how to use information technology, so 65.we suggest our school buy us some new computers. 61. 62. 63. 64. 65. 第二节情景作文(共 1 小题,满分 15 分) 66.请根据某班 QQ 群聊天记录,综合同学们发表的意见,为下周的班会写一篇以“让我们 对吸烟说不”为主题的演讲稿。文章开头已写好,词数 100 词左右。 注意:文章中不能使用真实的人名和地名。

Let ? s Say No to Smoking Hello, everyone! Now I ? d like to voice myself about smoking.

参 考 答 案 Module 1 Unit 1School life 知识清单 (一) 1.enjoyable2.earn3.devote 4.average5.challenging6.extra 7.preparation8.satisfaction9.exchange

10.experience11.graduate12.donate 13.inform14.approve15.select (二) 1.for free2.be fond of3.in charge of 4.look back on5.make use of 达标训练 (一)1~5 CDDAB (二)1.因为学校 9 点开始上课 2.I sat next to a girl whose name was Diane. / I sat next to a girl named Diane. / I sat next to a girl who was named Diane. 3.他还告诉我们赢得(学校的)尊重的最好办法是全身心投入学习,取得高分。 4.而且每天花一小时在图书馆阅读英语书籍。 5.so I could e ? mail my family and friends for free. Unit 2Growing pains 知识清单 (一) 1.curtain2.frightened3.starve 4.cash5.adult6.tolerate 7.behavior8.deserve9.upset 10.rude11.hardworking12.argument 13.foolish14.patience15.balance (二) 1.can ? t wait to do something 2.be supposed to 3.be hard on 4.now that 5.stay up6.mix up 7.as if 8.insist on 9.at present 10.along with 达标训练 (一)1~5 BABBD (二)1~5 CDAAC6~10 BCDBA Unit 3Looking good, feeling good

知识清单

(一) 1.figure2.ashamed3.energetic 4.recover5.damage6.attractive 7.pressure8.prefer9.affect 10.equipment11.achievement12.expert 13.embarrassed14.system15.concentrate (二) 1.work out2.go on a diet 3.fall out4.get into shape 5.make the most of6.in the long term 7.as a matter of fact

达标训练 (一)1~5 AAADA (二)One possible version:

Dear Mr.Zhang, Thank you for your letter and your encouragement. For the moment I am busy preparing for the provincial level evaluation exam. I can ? t wait to see you in two months. Mr.Zhang, you won ? t believe your eyes when you see me. I have changed a lot. I used to be thin and short. But now I am 170 cm tall, 15 cm taller than before, and I have gained 10 kilos in weight. I look good and healthy. I am not shy and silent any more. In senior high school, I take part in many activities, such as swimming and dancing. This term, I am working in the Students ? Union. I smile a great deal, and talk a lot. I am very popular with the classmates and the teachers like me too. I am working hard at all my lessons. I want to go to the Peking University. Best wishes. Yours, Li Ping Module 2 Unit 1Tales of the unexplained

知识清单 (一) 1.exist2.assume3.tale 4.unexplained 5.evidence6.strength

7.amazing8.questionnaire9.appropriate 10.organize11.survive12.enthusiastic 13.attack14.convince15.track (二) 1.step up2.belong to 3.take charge of4.due to 5.make one ? s way to6.make up 7.show up8.look into 9.dozens of 达标训练 1~5 BACCB Unit 2Wish you were here

知识清单 (一) 1.arrange2.schedule3.wildlife 4.uncomfortable5.sunrise6.explore 7.surrounding8.publish9.endless 10.protection11.wander12.dusty 13.beauty14.harmony15.adventure (二) 1.in advance2.tourist spot3.in case 4.life jacket5.up close 达标训练 (一)1~5 DDCDB (二)1.Your trip sounds exciting! 2.那儿的沙漠真的很令人惊叹 3.我们将在旅程中看到一些其他的野生动物, 4.你将需要这些用于保护。 5.We look forward to receiving your postcards! Unit 3Amazing people

知识清单 (一) 1.explorer2.breathe3.nationality 4.voyage5.shortly6.virus 7.outgoing8.entrance9.various 10.preserve11.inspire12.optimistic 13.quality14.rare15.data (二)

1.come across2.result in 3.set sail4.be in control (of something )5.look up to

达标训练 (一)1~5CACDB (二)One possible version: I ? m Dick, a boy of thirteen and I ? m a middle school student. My parents work and live in a far away factory. They come to see my grandparents and me on holidays. My friend Tom is a black boy. To help and learn from each other, we often go to school in the morning and sometimes do our homework together at Tom ? s home.

Module 3 Unit 1The world of our senses

知识清单 (一) 1.hearing2.confuse3.forecast 4.nowhere 5.hesitate6.helper 7.recognize8.relief9.hopeful 10.calm11.jewellery12.loose 13.employ14.compass15.unlike (二) 1.in sight2.wish for3.reach out 4.watch out for5.roll up 达标训练 (一)1~5BAACB (二)1~5BCDAC 6~10BDABB Unit 2Language

知识清单 (一) 1.vocabulary2.occupy3.official 4.contribution5.defeat6.replace 7.therefore8.process9.distinction

10.concern11.interrupt12.represent 13.shortcoming14.practical15.convenient (二) 1.consist of2.name after3.aside from 4.take control of5.lead to6.differ from 7.as a whole 达标训练 (一)1~5BBDBC (二)1.Because of this/As a result of this/ Due to this/Owing to this, modern English includes many Latin and Greek words. 2.在这一时期,发音也经历了很大的变化。 3.当然,英语的演变不会就此结束。 4.is easy to answer 5.人们还会不断发明新的词汇和新的表达方式。 Unit 3Back to the past

知识清单 (一) 1.civilization2.lecture3.erupt 4.decorate5.scholar6.researcher 7.ruin8.beneath9.audience 10.expression11.ceremony12.fortunate 13.educate14.aware15.corrupt (二) 1.take over2.in memory of 3.no doubt4.rise up against 5.stand in one ? s path6.come down with 达标训练 1~5DCACB Module 4 Unit 1Advertising

知识清单 (一) 1.advertisement2.persuade3.innocent

4.cure5.mental6.nationwide 7.cigarette8.benefit 9.promote 10.recommend11.design12.update 13.bargain14.determine15.react (二) 1.be meant to2.fall for 3.deal with4.figure out 5.appeal to 6.die from 7.even if/even though8.get something across 9.play tricks on 达标训练 1~5 DADCD Unit 2Sports events

知识清单 (一) 1.delighted2.compete3.absence 4.attempt5.transport6.otherwise 7.origin8.frequent9.remove 10.power11.goal12.shot 13.unfair 14.meanwhile15.bitter (二) 1.in honour of2.lead the way 3.hang on4.pass something on 5.make way for 达标训练 1~5 CDCCC Unit 3Tomorrow ? s world

知识清单 (一) 1.amaze2.social3.confident 4.injure5.biology6.urban 7.accuse8.constant9.function 10.pack11.hire12.float 13.escape14.worn15.impression (二) 1.add to2.put forward 3.as to4.last but not least

达标训练 (一)1~5 CAACB (二)1~4 CDAA Module 5 Unit 1Getting along with others

知识清单 (一) 1.pretend 2.cheerful3.admit 4.swear5.focus6.guilty 7.argue8.apologize 9.sensitive 10.gifted11.topic12.overcome 13.attitude14.respond15.worldwide (二) 1.spy on2.keep pace with 3.before long4.get through 5.regardless of6.be based on 7.end up8.rely on 9.thanks to 达标训练 1~5 DBABB Unit 2The environment

知识清单 (一) 1.debate2.environmental3.recycle 4.operate5.quantity6.impress 7.conflict8.measure9.flood 10.range11.appreciate12.conservation 13.vehicle14.particular15.absorb (二) 1.rut out (of)2.clean up 3.do one ? s part4.open the floor 5.in particular6.cut back on 7.queue up8.pick out 9.under way10.in/with regard to

达标训练 (一)1~5 CCCAD (二)1.有些农民通过让他们的动物吃掉所有的草来变富。 2.the land also needs a rest. 3.我们将不能给动植物提供(任何)水。 4.all the plants will die, 5.我们应该使/让人们知道这些活动的危险性。 Unit 3Science and nature 知识清单 (一) 1.exact2.anxiety3.adopt 4.consequence5.transform 6.profession 7.breakthrough8.majority9.ordinary 10.reliable11.accurate12.brief 13.actual14.confirm15.frighten (二) 1.push ahead with2.for sale 3.be / get burnt out4.follow in one ? s footsteps 5.take...into consideration 6.in favor of7.toy with 8.from the point of view of sb 达标训练 (一)1~5 DABAC (二)One possible version: People should not keep snakes as pets Good afternoon, everyone! As far as we know, there are about three thousand types of snakes in the world. It is said that at least six hundred of these types of snakes are poisonous and deadly. So many people fear snakes because they do look terrible and some of them can even kill people. Every year more than three hundred thousand people are bitten by snakes. In summary, snakes may disturb people ? s lives and they are a danger to human beings and many other animals. So I think people should not keep snakes as pets. That ? s all! Thank you for your listening! 模拟试卷 第一部分听力技能材料及答案(略) 第二部分知识运用 21~25BCDBA26~30BABDA

31~35BCDDC36~40ABDAC 第三部分阅读技能 41~44BCAD45~48DBCA 49~52ACDB 53.English writing skills 54.350 55.Rules 56.June 1 57.the first ? prize winner 58.Radiation. 或 The radiation it may bring (them). 或 Using cell phones may bring (them) radiation. 59.Because she couldn ? t stand the radiation from next door. (用 Because she had to escape from the radiation.回答得 1.5 分) 60.To take a break from using cell phones now and then.或 Take a break from using cell phones now and then. (用 Taking a break from using them now and then.回答得 1.5 分) 第四部分写作技能 61.这些电脑又旧又慢,有时候它们甚至都不运行(或不工作) 。 62.我不得不花四个小时来做家庭作业, 63.I tried other computers,/ I used other computers (for a try), 64.I had to find the / a teacher to help me. / I had to ask my teacher for help. 65.我们建议学校给我们买一些新的电脑。 66.One possible version Hello, everyone! Now I ? d like to voice myself about smoking. I ? m strongly against smoking. There are many good reasons for that. First, smoking is bad for one ? s health. People who smoke often develop and even die from different illnesses or diseases. Second, smoking pollutes the air. People cannot work or study well in a room full of smoke. Third, smoking wastes money. Every year, millions of dollars are spent treating diseases caused by smoking. At last, smoking causes fire very easily. It ? s reported that lots of fires that were caused by smoking resulted in great loss. As we can see, smoking does great harm and students should not pick up the bad habit.


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