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外研版高中二年级英语选修6重点短语检测


BOOK 6 1. for lack ______ have no lack of be lacking _____ 2 in advance pay ___advance stop the enemy's advance advanced English advanced ___________ 3. find the opportunity ____ an oppor

tunity miss an/the opportunity catch/seize/take an opportunity 4. _____________ be certain make certain (________) sb. ___________that... It is certain that..... 5. be / feel nervous ________ be nervous ___sth. cf. be anxious about / for 6. think_______ think ___________ of think little/badly of think about(doing) think of sb. _______ think ________ 7. look away __________ look forward to sb./ sth. look ________ look ________ look _________ look _______ 8. 9. ___addition

Module 1 因缺乏...... __________ 缺乏 ___________ 预先付款 _____________ _________ 先进工人 _________ 得到机会 _______ __________ 肯定地, 确凿地 ____________ 把......弄清楚/确实 某人一定...... _________________ 对……感到忐忑不安 害怕某事 _________________ 想起,记起, 考虑,评价 高度评价 ___________ ____________ 把某人当作...... 考虑;仔细思考 把目光从…移开 ______________ 审查;调查 当心,注意 浏览,看穿,仔细查看 仰视,查阅 除此之外;另外 除….之外(还) 适用于 向(某人)申请某物 __________________ __________________ 赞成/支持某人 _________________ (......的)答复 _____________ 20. 22 23.

_____ reply to.... 12. absence from school/lecture in/during one's absence be absent __________ 13. make an apology to sb.for sth. accept an apology ___ sb.an apology apologize ____ sb.for (doing) sth. 14. be cautious _______ ____ caution 15. in consequence _______ in consequence _____ a consequence of as a consequence = ___________ 16. cheer sb. ________ cheer sb. _______ 17. leave _______ leave ___________ leave sb./sth. behind leave sb./sth._________ be aware that... 19. show _______ _____ show show ________ show sb. ____________ show sb. ___________ 20. ______ is no need for sb. to do sth. There is no doubt that... There is no possibility that.. avoid ________ a certain go _____________ have nothing in common 21. have/ get / make sth. ready

作为......的答复 ______________ ________________ 缺席...... _________________ ________________ 应向某人道歉 因某事向某人道歉 对......小心翼翼 小心翼翼,谨慎地 由于 _____________ 由于, 因为 结果 使某人高兴起来 / 振作起来 鼓舞或鼓励某人坚持下去 省去,略去,漏掉 遗忘,遗留,使落在后面 _____________________ 让......独自待着,不去动它 ______________ 炫耀,卖弄 展出,展览 暴露,显露;来到,露面 带某人进来/出去 带领某人参观某地 某人没必要做某事 _____________ _______________ 避免干某事 _________________ _____________ 经受,经历 (苦难,困境等) 有共同之处 ______________

18. be (well / fully) aware ______ (清楚地)知道;意识到

= as well = besides

in addition ______ = as well as = besides apply (oneself) _______ apply (__________) for sth. apply... to ... 10. do sb. a favour = do a favour for sb. _______________ in sb.'s favour 11. a reply (________) make no reply

23. have sth._______ common

Module 2
1. 2. behave _______________ behave ___________ hesitate _____________ 举止得体/差劲 注意举止, 守规矩 犹豫不决做… 16.

There is no restriction _______ ____a restriction on “一??就 ?? ” 的表达 ①the moment/minute/second/instant... ②no sooner... _________ ... ③hardly/scarcely ... ___________... ④immediately/instantly/directly. . . ⑤ ________+ 名词 / 动名词

对…无限制 对... 加以限制

hesitate _____________(doing)sth 对于做某事犹豫不决 have no hesitaion ____ something 毫不犹豫/情愿做某事 without (a moment's / any) hesitation 3. ____ the wrong/right direction In ____ directions in the direction ________ ______one's direction 4. 5. long ____ sth long (for sb) to do sth play an important part ______ play...part /role in... play the part / role ______ 6. put ________ put ______ put aside put _________ put off 7. hold ________ hold back hold up 8. 9. 10. keep/ have one’s eye ______ keep an eye on fix _______ marry sb.to sb. _____________ ____ ___ 11. married to sb. married to sb. ____________ 走错了/对了方向 向四面八方 朝…方向 在某人的指导下 渴望得到某物 __________________ 在…中起重要作用 在…中起…作用 扮演…角色 放下,写下 建造;张贴;提高 ________________ 放好,收好 __________________________ 伸出, 维持,坚持 _________________ ___________________ 注视,盯着看 _______________ 注视,凝视;选定 __________________ 娶/嫁某人 和某人结婚 (表动作) 和某人已婚(表状态) 对某人有吸引力 ___________________ __________________ _________________ 拥有… 某物为某人所有 与…有联系 使…和..有联系 和…交往 17. 18. 19. 20. 21. 22.

eg. ______ his arrival/ ______ arriving at the airport, he was arrested by the police (be) stupefied cast_____________ without (any) doubt make one’s head ________ (be) laden ________ hand ____ 因(疲劳等)昏昏沉沉 对某人来说是看不见的 寻找,搜索,想办法 _________________ (使)人头晕目眩 充满, 装满 用手, 用手工 (be) invisible _____ sb.

23. ____

hold ____(打电话用语) 等一会,别挂断;握住不放

appeal ____ sb. appeal to sb.to do sth./for sth. appeal to sth.

12. 13. 14.

attain one's ideal/aim be ___ possession of _____in the possession of ______ be associated _______ associate...with... associate (____________) with...

15. restrict_______ to sth./doing sth. 限制某人某事或做某事 ________restriction 无丝毫限制

Module 3 1. a _________________ amount of a large__________ of amounts of 2. burst ____doing eg. burst out crying burst out _________ burst out __________ burst into + n. eg. burst _____tears/laughter/song burst into a place burst _____ 3. anger knock sb._____= knock sb.down knock ________ knock ________ knock...__________ 4. lose interest in _____an interest in ____ interest develop an interest _______ interest sb.in sth 5. be ________________ in sth turn ___________ = turn around turn _______ sb. turn ______ turn ________ turn ________ turn _________ turn ________ turn ________ 6. 7. count..._______ count on regret ______ sth regret _________ sth. 8. 9. 10. scold sb. for sth./doing sth. forgive sb. ________ sth. ___________ and forget Don't mention it. ________to mention make mention _________ 大量的 少量/大量的 (后跟可数 ____________ 突然发生, 突然…起来 _____________ 突然笑起来 突然唱起来 突然开始(做某事) 突然哭起来、笑起 来、唱起来 _______________ 勃然大怒 打倒 / 撞倒某人 敲(门) 撞在某人身上;与……不期而遇 把(头等)磕在……上 __________________ 对……有兴趣 有兴趣地, 津津有味地 对……产生了兴趣 ________________________ 对…..感兴趣 转身 转向某人, 求助于某人 上交 打开(收音机等) 关掉(收音机等) 关小(音量), 拒绝 调高(音量) ,出现,露面 结果是,证明是;外出 把……当作 ______________ 后悔做了某事 很遗憾地要做某事 _______________ 原谅某人某事 过去的事就算了,既往不咎 (别人道谢时回答)________ 更不用说,且不说,此外 提到……;说道……. (后跟不可数名词,修饰用量来计算的东西) 名词,修饰用数来计算的东西)

11. 12.

make _________ keep/stay in touch be in touch __________

和好,和解,编造,虚构,组成 ______________ 与…….有联系 与…….失去/无联系 与……取得联系 ________________ 与某人关系很好 从长期/短期来看 对……感到惭愧 以做某事为耻 对……感到惭愧 ______________ 做某事是可耻的 / 遗憾的 ……是可耻的事,遗憾的事 使人想起…… ____________ 下决心 ___________ ___________________ 作为对…..的报答(或回报) 依次,轮流;相应地;转而 享有……的福气 _____________ 按照…..,依据……,从……方面来说

be ___________touch with ____________ touch with lose touch with 13. be _______ good terms with sb. in terms _______ 14. be ashamed ______ be ashamed _________ sth. be / feel ashamed that... what a shame! It's a shame to do sth. It's a shame that... 15. bring … to ___________ bear/keep sth.in mind make _______one's mind change one's mind 16. in return in return _______ in __________ 17. 18. be blessed _________ go through go blind _______ hungry go _________ 20. 21. belong ______ in the long/short ________

19. go bad

___________
____________ 饿了 疯了 属于……; 是……的成员

____the bottom of one’s heart 真心诚意地,发自内心地

(不定式动词常用 tell, say, inform 等少数几个)

Module 1. combine __________ combine...________ …

4 联合起来反对 使......与......结合 做某事的雄心壮志 ____________________ 有雄心/志向做某事 关于{用于点题} 将......看作...... 不管,不顾 因......而感到沮丧 与......情况相同 赋予某物生命 (生命力, 活力) 为......而献出生命 使复活,给......以动力 _______________________ _____________ __________________ 与......接触,和......通信 与......取得联系 __________________ 与......取得联系 与......取得联系 使某人得以与......取得联系

15.

take … seriously

____________ 一方面…, 另一方面……

16. on the one hand…, on the _________ hand…

an ambition _________ sth. = an ambition of doing sth. achieve one’s ambition be ambitious to do sth. 2. _________ regard to regard...________... regardless _______ 3. 4. 5. feel / be depressed __________ (be) true ____________ give ______ to sth. ________ one’s life to _____...to life come to life lose one’s life live a...life 6. make contact _________ be / stay in contact with get ______ contact with _________ contact with ____ sb . in contact with 7.

It’s the same with... = So it is with... ________________

(表示前面的情况也适合后者,尤其是前面说了两种以上的 情况) 8. 9. neither/nor+be(have,助动词,情态动词)+另一主语 ?? ___________ ________ relief _____ one’s relief 10. present sb. _______ sth. present sth. ____ sb. present sb._____ sb ______ present 11. _____ of a sudden = suddenly 12. draw __________ draw back draw_____ draw ______ draw ________ 13. in addition ________ in addition = besides 14. push one’s way through 轻松地 使某人欣慰的是 向某人颁发某物;给某人造成 向某人陈述(观点、计划等) 引见某人给某人 现在, 目前 突然地 利用,凭借,依赖 _______________ (白昼)变短;使(某人)卷入某事 起草,草拟;到达某处停下 (时间、空间的)临近 除此之外(还) ___________ __________

Module 5 1.be terrified ____ be terrified _______ 2. ______ disgust ____ to one’s disgust 3. refuse ________ sth. 4. contrast. . ._______. . . contrast with _____ contrast to/with ______ contrast 5. ____ fear of/that fear ___________ 6. burn _______ burn ________ burn ________ burn. . .______ the ground burn _____ 7.throw _________ throw ________ throw oneself _____ … 8. be identical _______ be identical ____________ 9. be beneficial _____ sb. benefit ________ be of benefit 10.cure sb ______. . . a cure _______ 11. resist ________ sth 12. accompany sb.to sp accompany sb.______ the+乐器 keep sb.company 13. be absorbed ______ 14. knock sth. _____ knock sb.out 15. break _________ break away from break ______ break ______ break ______ 16. up and ______ 18. make sure 害怕. . . 因…而吓了一跳 愤愤地 使某人非常厌恶的是 拒绝做某事 使. . .与. . . 形成对比 形成对照 与. . .对比起来 相比之下 以免,唯恐 害怕做. . . (火)燃尽;使筋疲力尽 烧毁,烧掉,烧光 烧毁(建筑物等) 把. . . 烧成平地 烧得更旺,烧光,烧掉 扔掉,把(机会等)丢掉 举起,抛起;吐出;呕吐 扑倒在. . .上 在. . .方面是相同的 与. . .一模一样 对某人有益 受益于 _______________ 治愈某人的(病等) . . .的疗法 忍住做某事(常用于否定句) .陪某人去某地 用乐器为某人伴奏 _____________ 全神贯注于,专心致志于 将. . .淘汰掉;击倒 __________________ 分解;出故障, (健康等)垮掉 ___________________ 插话,非法闯入 破门而入;突然开始(笑、欢呼等) (战争,火灾)突然爆发 上上下下,来来回回 _____________ ________________

to one’s disgust=to the disgust of sb ________________

17. rely on / upon = depend on / upon

Module 6 1.occupy one’s mind/thought/occupation 占据头脑/思维/注意力 2.occupy oneself with sth./in doing sth =be occupied with sth./in doing sth 3.abandon __________to sth. 4.drown one’s sorrows/troubles in drink 5.condemn sb._______ sth condemn sb.to ________ condemned sb. to do sth. 6. declare war ______ declare _______ declare sb.(to be)… declare… ______ 7. pick _____ 8. make a sacrifice______ sacrifice one’s life/time to do sth sacrifice _______ for/to sth. 9. ________ a mess make a mess of mess ______ 10. It is ____________ doing sth./to do sth. Sth. is worth __________. Sth. is worthy _______ being done. Sth. is worthy to be done. 11. _____ return Cf. _______ turn 12. draw one’s attention = 某事值得做 作为交换, 作为回报, 反过来 反过来;结果;转而 ________________ __________________ pay/give attention to sth. focus/fix one’s attention ________ direct/turn one’s attention to sth. devote one’s attention to sth. 13. _______ shape in the shape of ______ of shape 14. be supposed to do sth. 15. owe sth.(to sb.)(for sth.) owe sth.to sb. 17. be involved _______ 18. drink ______ sb./ sth. Module 7 1、look thro 16. be situated __________ _________________ 留心,专心于 ________________ _______________ _____________________ 身体状况不好的;变形的 ______________ 欠(某人)债(因某物) 位于, 坐落在 被卷入, 陷入 为……干杯 ______________________________ ________________ 陷于某事;沉溺于某事 ______________ 因某事而谴责某人 判处某人死刑 判处某人做某事 向…宣战 宣称反对 宣布某人为… 宣布…开幕 救起,用车接某人,学会 为…做出牺牲 牺牲生命/时间做某事 为某事牺牲 处于混乱/凌乱的状态 _________________ 搞乱,陷入混乱 做某事是值得的 某事值得做

3、be willing to do

__________________

draw/attract/catch/get one’s attention to sth.

在形状上,在外形上, 处于良好状态


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