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【走向高考】2017年高考英语一轮复习 第一部分 基础知识聚焦 Unit 2 Robots课件 新人教版选修7


走向高考 ·英语
人教版 ·高考总复习

路漫漫其修远兮 吾将上下而求索

第一部分 选修七 Unit 2

基础知识聚焦

Robots

1

基础知识晨记

3

基础知识巩固

2



考点探究演练

基础知识晨记

Ⅰ.单词速记

A.快速识记
staff 1.__________ n.全体员工 accompany vt.陪伴;伴奏 2.__________ awful 3.__________ adj.极坏的;糟糕的 scan 4.__________ vt.浏览;扫描;粗略地看

affair 5.__________ n.事务;事情;暖昧关系 grand 6.__________ adj.大的;雄伟的;豪华的
bound 7.__________ adj.一定的;必定的;注定了的 divorce n.离婚;断绝关系 vt.与……离婚/脱离 8.__________

desire 9.__________ n.渴望;欲望;渴求 envy 10.__________ vt.妒忌;羡慕

vt.希望得到;想要

envious →____________ adj.羡慕的;嫉妒的 state 11.__________ vt.陈述;宣布
statement n.陈述;声明;叙述 →____________ declare 12.__________ vt.宣布;声明;表明;宣称 declaration n.宣布;宣告 →____________ talent 13.__________ n.天才;才干;特殊能力 talented →____________ adj.有才能的;多才的

overweight adj.超重的;体重超常的 14.__________ underweight adj.重量不足的 →(反义词)_____________ alarm 15.__________ vt.使警觉;惊动 n.警报;惊恐 alarmed →____________ adj.担心的;害怕的

sympathy n.同情(心) 16.__________ sympathize vt.同情 →____________
sympathetic adj.同情的;有同情心的 →____________ obey 17.__________ vt.服从;顺从 disobey vt.不服从;违抗 →(反义词)__________

18.favour __________ n.喜爱;恩惠 vt.喜爱;偏袒 favourable adj.赞成的;有利的 →____________ favourite →____________ adj.最喜爱的 n.最喜爱的事物 19.satisfaction __________ n.满意;满足 satisfy →____________ vt.使满意;使满足 satisfied →____________ adj.感到满意的;满足的 satisfying/satisfactory adj.令人满意的;符合要求的 →_____________________

B.归类巧记
1.以“over-”开头的单词小结 ①oversleep 睡过头 ②overlook 侧瞰;忽略 ③overthrow 推翻 ④overhear 无意中听到 ⑤overestimate 高估

2.与“婚姻”有关的高频词汇集锦
①divorce n.& vi.离婚 ②marry v. 结婚 ③marriage n. 婚姻 ④break up 分手;关系破裂 ⑤bridegroom n. 新郎 ⑥bride n. 新娘 ⑦wedding n. 婚礼

3.表示人“品质”的形容词荟萃
①elegant 高雅的 ②mature 成熟的 ③sensible 明智的 ④diligent 勤奋的;用功的 ⑤strong-minded 意志坚强的 ⑥shallow 肤浅的

Ⅱ.高频短语

be designed to do 1.目的是;被设计用来做________________________ desire to do sth. 2.渴望做某事 ________________________
3.列出一系列的…… 4.试验;考验 5.给……打电话 6.有暧昧关系 7.节省;保留 8.陪某人到…… make a list of ... ________________________ test out ________________________ ring sb.up ________________________ have an affair ________________________ set aside (=put aside) ________________________ accompany sb.to... ________________________

9.在……方面有天赋

have a gift/talent for... ________________________

10.转向;转身

turn around ________________________

leave ...alone 11.不管;让……独自待着 _____________________

12.一定做……
13.一共;总计 14.对……表示同情 16.一堆…… 17.开往…… 18.让某人一直做某事 19.承诺/许诺做某事

be bound to ________________________
in all ________________________ be sympathetic to ________________________ a pile of ________________________ be bound for ________________________ have sb.doing sth. ________________________ promise to do sth. ________________________

do sb.a favour 15.帮某人忙;给某人以恩惠_____________________

20.装满;充满

fill ...with ________________________

Ⅲ.佳句填空 1.It was disturbing and ________(frighten)that he looked so

human.
机器人如此通人性,这使她觉得心烦和害怕。 2 . Claire didn't want the robot in her house, especially

________ her husband would be absent ________ three weeks,
________ Larry persuaded her that the robot wouldn't harm ________ or allow her ________(harm). 克莱尔并不想把机器人留在家里,特别是在她丈夫离家三 周期间,但是克莱尔被拉里说服了,他说,机器人不会伤害

她,也不会让别人来伤害她。

3.She cried out “Tony” and then heard him declare that
________ didn't want to leave her the next day and ________ he felt more than just the desire to please her. 她大叫一声“托尼”,然后听到托尼一本正经地说,第二 天他不想离开她,而且他并不满足于仅仅使她开心。

4.Asimov had both an extraordinary ________(imagine)that
gave him the ability to explore future worlds ________ an amazing mind with which ________ searched for explanations of everything, in the present and the past. 阿西莫夫不仅有着超凡的想象力,使他对未来世界进行探 索,而且还有着惊人的智力,使他能对现在的和过去的各种事 物作出解释。

5.________ his most famous works of science fiction, one

for which he won ________ award was the Foundation Trilogy
(1951-1953), three novels about the death and rebirth of a great empire in a galaxy of the future. 在他那些最负盛名的科幻小说中,那本获奖的书叫《基地 三步曲》(1951 - 1953) ,这本书由三个小故事组成,讲的是未 来银河系中一个伟大帝国的灭亡和复兴。 答案:1.frightening 2.as; for; but; her; to be harmed 5.Among; an 3.he; that 4.imagination; and; he

Ⅳ.语法过关
动词不定式的被动语态 1.She was looking for three nephews, but they were nowhere ________(find), which made her worried. 2 . Many trees, flowers and grass ________(plant), our newly-built school will look even more beautiful. 3.Not ________(interrupt) while writing, he locked himself in his study.

4.The play ________(produce) next month aims mainly to
reflect the local culture. 5 . We've had a good start, but next, more work needs ________(do) to achieve the final success. 答案:1.to be found 2.to be planted 3.to be interrupted 4.to be produced 5.to be done

Ⅴ.语篇填空
Larry Belmont worked for a company ①________made robots. Recently②________ had begun experimenting with a household robot. It was going to ③________(test) out by Larry's wife, Claire.

Claire didn't want the robot in her house, especially as her

husband would be④________(absence) for three weeks, but Larry
⑤________(persuade) her that the robot wouldn't harm her or allow her ⑥________(harm). It would be a bonus. However, ⑦ ________ she first saw the robot, she felt alarmed. His name was Tony and he seemed ⑧________ like a human than a machine. He was tall and handsome ⑨________ smooth hair and a deep voice although his ⑩________(face) expression never changed. 答 案 : ① that/which ② it ③ be tested ④ absent ⑤

persuaded ⑥to be harmed ⑦when ⑧more

⑨with ⑩facial

考点探究演练

1.desire n. 渴望;渴求

vt. 希望得到;想要

归纳拓展
desire sth. 渴望得到某物 desire to do sth. 希望/渴望做某事 desire that sb. should do sth. 要求某人做某事 have a desire for sth./to do sth. 渴望得到某物/做某事

at one's desire 应某人的希望/要求

即时应用 导学号 01831179 冠词填空/用所给词的适当形式填空。 ①Art should be ________ desire for you to develop simply because the world is full of beautiful things. 对你来说培养艺术应该是件令人渴望的事情,因为这个世 界充满了美好的东西。

②Devoted to her career, she has no desire ________ (become)
a wife and mother. 因为全身心投入到了事业中,所以她不想为人妻为人母。 ③The teacher desired that all the exercises ________ (hand) in before school was over. 老师要求所有练习放学前交上来。 答案:①a ②to become ③(should) be handed

2.sympathy n. 同情
归纳拓展 show/feel/have sympathy for sb. 同情某人 in sympathy with 同情;赞成;支持 out of sympathy (for) 出于/对……的同情 win the sympathy of 博得……的同情 express sympathy 深表同情

即时应用 导学号 01831180 用适当的介词填空或根据所给汉语提示完成句子。 ①________ ________ ________(来自过路人的同情) made him feel quite embarrassed. ②To be a popular student, we must show our respect, concern and sympathy ________ others. ③The lady ________ ________ ________ ________ ________ ________( 博 得 了 别 人 的 同 情 ) by describing her miserable past.

④________

________

________

________

________

________ ________(出于对无家可归的孩子们的同情), he gave them shelter for the night. 答案: ① Sympathy from passers-by sympathy of other people children ② for ③ won the ④Out of sympathy for the homeless

3.favor n. 喜爱;恩惠 归纳拓展

vt. 赞成;喜爱;偏袒

in favor of=in support of 赞成;支持 do sb. a favor 给某人以恩惠;帮某人一个忙 favor A over B=prefer A to B 喜欢A胜过B

即时应用 导学号 01831181 完成句子。 ①The survey shows that half of the girls choose films and TV stars as their idols, while 45% of the boys ________ ________ ________. 调查显示一半的女孩把电影和体育明星看成自己的偶像, 而百分之四十五的男孩子喜爱体育明星。 ②According to the survey, about 48% of the students are ________ ________ ________ the practice of separating science art education. 根据调查, 大约百分之四十八的学生赞成文理分科的做法。

③I'm writing to ask you to ________ ________ ________
________.(2013·新课标全国卷Ⅱ书面表达) 我给您写信想请您帮我个忙。 ④As far as I am concerned, it is quite wrong that parents ________ ________ ________ ________. 就我而言,父母喜欢男孩胜过女孩是错误的。 答案:①favor sports stars ④favor boys over girls ②in favor of ③do me a favor

4.accompany vt. 陪伴;伴奏
归纳拓展 accompany sb.=keep sb. company/keep company with sb.陪 伴某人 accompany sb. on/at sth. 给某人伴舞

即时应用 导学号 01831182 填入适当的词或用所给词的适当形式填空。 ①All in all, if he had been available that day, he ________ (accompany) you to the exhibition. ②I was told that the singer was accompanied ________ the piano by an advanced robot. ③To her annoyance, her son often keeps company ________ a group of unambitious boys.

④The overseas student turned around to set the book aside
and stepped onto the platform, ________ (accompany) by our class teacher. 答案: ① would have accompanied accompanied ② on/at ③ with ④

5.declare vt. 宣布;声明;表明;宣称
归纳拓展 declare that ... 宣称…… declare for/against 声明赞成/反对 declare sb./sth. (to be) adj./n. 宣称……是…… declare ... as ... 宣布……成为…… declare war on ... 对/向……宣战

辨析 declare/announce
词汇 declare 用法 经常用于正式场合,官方权威人士公开宣 布,有时指在公共场合对某事表明态度

announce

指公开地发布人们所关心的或感兴趣的事
情,尤指新闻之类的消息正式公布于众

即时应用 导学号 01831183 选用 announce, declare 填空。 ①Chairman Mao ________ the founding of the People Republic of China on October 1, 1949. ②The people of the country ________ for peace and against the war. ③The bell rang, ________ the end of class.

答案:①announced/declared ②declared ③announcing

6.envy vt. & n. 嫉妒;羡慕
归纳拓展 envy sb. sth. 嫉妒/羡慕某人某物 the envy of sb. 令某人嫉妒/羡慕的事物 out of envy 由于嫉妒/羡慕 green with envy 非常嫉妒的

即时应用 导学号 01831184 用适当的介词填空或根据汉语提示完成句子。 ①Some people say that the key to success is the luck, so they never work hard and only _______ ________ ________(嫉妒别人 的成功). ②His many talents were the envy ________ all his friends. ③It is ________ ________ ________( 出于嫉妒 ) that he shows a dissatisfied attitude towards you. ④They danced elegantly and that made everyone present green ________ envy.

答案:①envy others' success ②of ③out of envy

④with

7.alarm vt. 使警觉;使惊慌;惊动 n. 警报;惊恐
归纳拓展 sound/give/raise/ring the alarm 发出警报;敲警钟 in alarm 惊恐地;惊慌地 be alarmed at/by 被……吓一跳;担心;害怕 be alarmed to do sth. 做某事感到恐慌

即时应用 导学号 01831185 填入适当的词或用所给词的适当形式填空。 ①Everyone was alarmed ________ the news that war might break out. ②There is nothing to get ________ (alarm), for it is common in our daily life.

答案:①at ②alarmed

1.turn around 转向;转过身来

归纳拓展
turn to转向;求助于 turn one's back to 背对;背弃

turn up出现;(把声音)调大
turn down拒绝;(把声音)调小 turn out结果是;证明是 turn ... into ... 把……变成……

即时应用 导学号 01831186 选用以上短语的适当形式填空。 ①Cars are not allowed to ___________ at this crossroads. ②I sought to invite her to dinner, but she ____________ my invitation. ③The proposal he put forward last month ________ absurd. ④In the dark street, there wasn't a single person she could ________________.

答案: ① turn around turn to

② turned down

③ turned out



2.set aside 将……放在一边;节省或保留
归纳拓展 set down 写下;记下 set off 动身 set up 创立;建立;搭起 set out 出发;着手 set about doing sth. 着手做某事

即时应用 导学号 01831187 选用以上短语完成句子。 ①My sister ________ ________ ________ ________ ________(把数码相机放在一旁) and began to scan a newspaper. ②I am taking a parttime job to ________ ________ ________ ________ ________ ________ ________ ________(为 上大学存些钱).

③Only by ________ ________ ________ ________(把细节
记下来) will you expect to make a perfect plan. ④After the earthquake, the people ________ ________ ________(着手重建) their homes. 答案: ① set aside the digital camera money for going to college about rebuilding/set out to rebuild ② set aside some ④set ③setting down the details

As she turned around, there stood Gladys Claffern.

她刚一转过身来,就看到格拉迪斯·克拉芬站在那儿。
该句后半句使用了倒装结构。 归纳拓展 当句子谓语动词为表位置移动的动词 go, come, lie, stand, live 以及 be 动词,且句中又有表示方位的副词 there, here, up,

down, in, out, away时,为强调句子中的方位副词,可将副词置
于句首,主谓倒装。

即时应用 导学号 01831188 根据括号内的汉语提示完成下列句子。 ①—Is everyone here? —Not yet ... Look, here ________ ________ ________ ________ ________ ________(其它的客人来了). ②John opened the door. There ________ ________ ________(站着一位女孩) he had never seen before.

答案:①come the rest of our guests ②stood a girl

基础知识巩固

Ⅰ.单句语法填空 导学号 01831189 1.(2014· 安徽改编)While waiting for the opportunity to get ________(promote), Henry did his best to perform his duty. 2. (2014· 湖南改编)Children, when________(accompany) by their parents, are allowed to enter the stadium. 3.(2013· 湖北改编)In much of the animal world, night is the time set ________ for sleep—pure and simple. 4. (2011· 湖北改编)When asked about their opinions about the schoolmaster, many teachers would prefer to see him step aside ________favour of younger men.

5.We are not ready to go into production yet. The new
machine isn't fully tested ________. 6.My father is against my plan while my mother is in favor ________ it. 7.The young couple set ________ some money each month for their future use even though their income can only make ends meet. 8.He is bound ________(leave) behind unless he doubles his

efforts.

9.It was reported that a little boy ________(trap) under a
destroyed house for three days was pulled out alive at last. 10.It's everybody's desire that ever effort ________(make) to reduce the pollution in our city. 答案:1.promoted 2.accompanied 3.aside 4.in 5.out 6 . of made 7.aside 8.to be left 9.trapped 10.(should) be

Ⅱ.完成句子 导学号 01831190 1 . His new house was ________ ________ ________ ________ ________ ________ (他所有朋友羡慕的对象). 2.Tom was so interested in my essay that he ________ ________ ________ ________ ________ (把自己的工作放一边) and began to discuss it with me. 3 . Children ________ ________ ________ ________ ________ (注定会遇到) setbacks(挫折) as they grow up, so their parents don't need to worry about it.

4 . When they ________ ________ ________( 听到警报 ), they even did not realize what had happened.

5.由于我母亲偏爱我妹妹,我整天感到闷闷不乐。
It was because ________ ________ ________ my little sister that I felt uncomfortable all day.

6.他们离婚已有两年时间而且也很久没互相联系过了。
They ________ ________ ________ for two years and haven't been in touch with each other for a long time. 7.她比我小,但看起来比我成熟。 She ________ ________ ________ me but she looks more

mature than me.

8.不管我有什么理由,她一定会叫我陪她去超市。

(accompany)
No matter what my excuse was, she was bound to ask me ________ ________ ________ ________ ________ ________. 9.他没有足够的钱吃饭,更不用说娱乐了。 He doesn't have enough money for food, ________ ________ amusement. 人人向往成功和幸福,但不是所有人都竭尽全力地去追 求。

10 . Everyone ________ ________________ ________
success and happiness, but only part of them have tried their best to attain them. 答案:1.the envy of all his friends 2.set aside his own work 3.are bound to meet with favored 6.have been divorced her to the supermarket 4.heard the alarm 5.my mother 7.is junior to 8.to accompany

9.let alone 10.has a desire for

Ⅲ.单句改错 导学号 01831191 1.He threw a stone towards his car out envy. ____________ 2.Listening to his continued stream of empty chatter was really tested out my patience.__________________ 3. I try to set up a few minutes each day to read English aloud. __________________ 4.Would you please go away and leave me lonely? __________________

5.His wife was accompanied him on the trip. ____________

6.I desired go with you, but I had no time. _____________
7.It was necessary that a doctor was sent for._____ _____ 8.The books are not allowed to be taken out from the room. __________________ 9.The harder you study, the great progress you will make. __________________ 10.—Do you want a tea or coffee? —Both. I really don't mind.__________________

答 案 : 1.out 后 加 上 of
4.lonely→alone 5. 去 掉 was was→be 8.from→of

2. 去 掉 was
6.go 前 加 上 to

3.up→aside
7.doctor 后 的

9.great→greater 10.Both→Either

Ⅳ.话题写作 导学号 01831192 根据提示,利用本单元所学知识,完成下面的小作文。 1.与过去相比,许多人在数字时代都渴望有一个机器人。 2.当你受到惊吓时,它会陪伴着你直到你想一个人待着。 3. 你上班时, 它会服从你的命令记录下给你打电话的号码, 甚至会处理一些办公事务。 4.这样的机器人与其说是一台机器,不如说是一个朋友, 我坚决支持机器人的研发。 5. 我相信: 如果你有这样的机器人, 别人一定会羡慕你的。

答案:
Compared with the past, many people desire to have a robot in the digital times. When you are alarmed, it will accompany you until you want to be left alone. While you are at work, it obeys your order and sets down the numbers that ring you up, and even deals with some office affairs. Such a robot is more a friend than a machine, so I'm strongly in favour of the studying of robots. I'm sure that if you have such a robot, others are bound to envy you.


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