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广东高考基础写作(自创)


高考专题: 基础写作
Longshan Middle School Dancing Lee

一、题型特点:
1、写作题材贴近考生的学习和生活。 2、信息点多,必须用5句话表达。 3、信息呈现方式多为表格、图表等。 4、以翻译为基础、注重考察表达能力。

二、能力要求: 1、审题能力 2、处理信息的能力: 信息组合、

排列合理 3、表达能力 ①语法正确 ②句式灵活 ③信息内容表达准确、完整 ④语篇连贯

三、表达能力训练 1.写好简单句和there be句型 简单句的五种基本句型: 1)主语+不及物动词 (S+V) 2)主语+及物动词+宾语 (S+V+O) 3)主语+系动词+表语 (S+V+P) 4)主语+及物动词+双宾语 (S+V+O+O) 5)主语+及物动词+宾语+宾补 (S+V+O+C) 6)there be+主语(+地点/时间)

①主+谓:The first appeared in 1896. 这项运动最早出现于1896年。 ②主+谓+宾:We did a survey among 600 students. 我们在600个学生中作了一次调查. ③主+谓+双宾:My parents bought me a pair of shoes.
我父母给我买了一双鞋。

④主+谓+宾+宾补:We painted the wall white.
我们把墙漆成白色。

⑤主+系+表:Our spelling becomes worse. 我们的拼写变得更差了。 ⑥There be+主(+地点/时间):There will be
a football match between China and South Korea in shanghai Stadium this evening. 今晚在上海体 育馆有一场中国队和韩国队之间的足球赛。

2、如何做到句式灵活? 1)并列句 2)复合句 (定语从句、状语从句、名词性从句) 3)强调句型 4)非谓语动词 5)倒装句 6)其他句型及结构 7)With的复合结构

掌握并列句的结构。所谓并列句就是两个或两个 以上的简单句用并列连词连在一起构成的句子。 即:简单句+并列连词(and, but, yet, or, etc.)+简单 句。如:
Work hard, or you will fail. 努力工作,否则你就要失败。 I made mo answer and she went away.我没有回答,接着他就走了。 She invited me, but I turned her down.她请了我,可是我拒绝了她。

掌握主从句的结构。复合句指的是含有两个或 更多的主谓结构的句子,其中有一(或更多) 主谓结构充当整个句子的某一(些)成分。充 当定语的句子(有主谓结构)叫定语从句,充 当状语的从句叫状语从句,充当主语、宾语或 同位语的从句叫名词性从句。主句与从句之间 用从属连词(when, before, until, unless, if, that, although, which, who, where, etc.)连接起来。

大体上可表述为以下两种结构: ①主句+从属连词+从句 He was fond of drawing when he was a child. 他还是个孩子时就喜欢画画。 ②从属连词+从句,主句 When he was a child, he was fond of drawing. 他还是个孩子时就喜欢画画。

四、如何使文章连贯?(过渡词的使用) 1) 时间: soon, then, suddenly, meanwhile, before, after, earlier, in the morning, afterwards, later, immediately, next, the other day, nowadays, gradually… 2) 空间: above, below, up, down, under, near, far from, in front of, behind, beside, beyond, on the right/left, around, inside, outside, opposite to, next to, on top of, across...

3) 列举: for example, such as, first(ly), second(ly), finally, besides, apart form, for one thing… for another thing … 4) 比较: like, unlike, on the contrary, in contrast to, on the one hand…on the other hand, than, not so…as…, as…as…, while, similarly, the former, the latter, some…others, one…the other, compared with…

5) 逻辑关系: a. 并列:and, as well as, also… b. 转折:but, however, yet… c. 递进:besides, apart from, in addition, what’s more, furthermore, moreover, to make things worse… d. 原因:because, because of, as, since, for that reason… e. 结果:so, therefore, thus, as a result… f. 让步:though, although, in spite of…

五、基础写作的推荐步骤: 1、认真审题 2、归纳、排列信息点 3、确定短语和句型、连词成句 4、组句成篇 5、检查修改

众所周知, 吸烟危害健康。 (一句多译) a. It is known to all that smoking does harm to people’s health. b. As is known to all, smoking harms people’s health. c. Everyone knows that smoking is harmful to people’s health.

基础 写作
? 写作内容: ? “沾衣欲湿杏花雨,吹面不寒杨柳 风”—春天,一个温暖湿润的季节。请 根据以下表格的内容,写一篇描写春天 的短文。

时间 气温 特点

一年的第一个季节(3,4,5月) 平均温度20度
日子变长,生机勃勃,绿意盎然,万物复苏

三月 四月 五月

东风, 不舒适 细雨, 绿满大地 太阳 , 欢乐,愉快

某报设有一个求助信箱,请根据以下表中列出的信 息,以高三学生李华的名义给Mr. Helper写一封英文 短信。信的开头和结尾已写好,不计入五句话。 高三学生现状 负担过重的原因 每天在校时间 约10小时 每天作业时间 3-4小时 1. 面临高考; 2. 家长期望高。 每天娱乐时间 几乎没有 每天睡眠时间 不足 Dear Mr. Helper, I’m a senior 3 student. I am now in great need of your help because I can hardly stand the great pressure. _______________________________________________ ________________________________ I am looking forward to your advice. Yours sincerely, Li Hua

写作步骤: 第1步 审题 1 2 3 4 体裁格式 内容 人称、时态 信息点的整 合和排列

写信 描述高三学生现状。 第一人称。一般现在时。
6项

第2步 整合信息, 译成英语。 1) 每天在校时间约10小时。每天完成作 业时间3~4小时。 Every day we stay at school for about ten hours to have lessons. We spend at least three to four hours doing our homework. 2) 每天几乎没有时间娱乐、消遣。 a. We hardly have any time for relaxation. b. Hardly can we find any time to do what we want.

3) 每天睡眠时间不足,不利于健康。 a. We don’t have enough time to sleep, which does harm to our health. b. We suffer from lack of sleep, which, in the long run, is not good for our health. 4) 负担过重的原因是面临高考。 a. The main cause of our heavy burden is the pressure from the college entrance examination. b. The reason why we are carrying such a heavy burden is that we are facing the college entrance examination.

5) 父母对我们的期望很高。 a. Our parents expect too much of us. b. Our parents have high expectations of us.

Dear Mr. Helper, 第3步 连句成篇 I’m a senior 3 student. I am now in great need of your help because I can hardly stand the great pressure. Every day we stay at school for about ten hours to and have lessons ____ spend at least three to four hours doing our homework. As a result hardly can we find any time _________, to do what we want. What’s worse We suffer from lack _____________, of sleep, which, in the long run, is not good for our health. The reason why we are carrying such a heavy burden is that we are getting the pressure from the college entrance examination. ___________, Our parents In addition have high expectations of us. I am looking forward to your advice. Yours sincerely, Li Hua

Homework:
完成08年广东高考题的基础写作

Thank YOU!

上周,我们以“谁是你的偶像”为题,在 2600名学生中进行了一次调查(survey)。以下 是调查数据:
07 年 广 东 卷

1.调查时间、调查问题以及调查对象; 2.男女生在以明星为偶像方面的差异; 3.“父母”在男女生偶像中的排序差异; 4.男女生在以伟人为偶像方面的异同; 5.你的偶像及理由。

08 年 广 东 卷

你很荣幸地成为2008北京奥运会的一名志愿者, 负责编写奥运比赛项目的英语介绍。 【写作内容】:请根据以下中文提纲,编写 射击项目的英语介绍: 背景:射击最初只是生存工具,19世纪末才 发展成为一项体育运动。 1896:第一次成为奥运项目 1904:中断 1928:中断 1932:重回奥运会 1968:第一次允许妇女参加奥运射击比赛 现状:稳步发展,1896奥运会只有三项射击 项目,现今有17项。

Ex : 改正下列病句并指出基本句型。 1. My favourite subjects including English _______ and Chinese. 应改为include 2. Last week we ____ a discussion about hold this topic. 应改为held ________ 3. The future life will become more and more better. 应改为better and better __________ 4. The fire destroied their houses. ________ 应改为destroyed 5. He spends two hours _______ English to study every night. 应改为studying

___ 6. He cost ten dollars for the book. 应改为paid __ 7. He felt confused,he didn’t know what to do. 应改为. He ____ 8. He watched TV for a while before went to bed. 应改为going 9. She is confidence and patience. ____________________ 应改为confident and patient 10. In his opinion, get fat is a terrible thing. _____ 应改为getting fat

Ex:按要求改写下列句子。 1) English is widely used in the world. Most business letters are written in English. (合并为并列句) English is widely used in the world and most business letters are written in English. 2) People thought of some ways to solve the problem. These solutions didn’t work. (合并为并列句) People thought of some ways to solve the problem but these solutions didn’t work.

3) I suggest that you visit the Great Wall. It has a history of more than two thousand years. (合并为定语从句) I suggest that you visit the Great Wall, which has a history of more than two thousand years. 4) July 11 has been named the Sailing Day in our country since 2005. Zheng He began his famous voyage on July 11. (合并为定语从句) July 11, when Zheng He began his famous voyage, has been named the Sailing Day in our country since 2005.

5) I will not be able to meet you at the airport. I have some experiments to do that day.(合并为状语从句) I will not be able to meet you at the airport because I have some experiments to do that day. 6) The problem was complicated. He solved it in only two hours with a computer. (合并为状语从句) Though the problem is complicated, he solved it in only two hours with a computer.

7) In the past five years, there have been changes in people’s diet. It is a fact.(合 并为名词性从句) It is a fact that in the past five years, there have been changes in people’s diet. 8) The weather was fine. We went to visit the ZhongShan Park. (独立主格结构) The weather being fine, we went to visit the ZhongShan Park.

9) You should never give up when you are faced with difficulties. (非谓语+倒装句) Never should you give up when faced with difficulties. 10) When a man and a woman meet, the woman first offers her hand. (改为强调句) When a man and a woman meet, it is the woman who first offers her hand.


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