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湖南省2012年普通高中学业水平考试模拟试卷(3)(英语)


湖南省 2013 年普通高中学业水平考试模拟试卷





第二部分 知识运用(共两节,满分 20 分) 第一节 单项填空(共 10 小题;每小题 1 分,满分 10 分) 从 A、B、C、D 四个选项中,选出可以填入空白处的最佳选项,并在答题卡上将该项 涂黑。 21. When I got up that morn

ing, I found ________ elephant standing by the window. A. a B. an C. the D. 不填 22. Jack, you?ve done your homework, ________ you? A. haven?t B. don?t C. won?t D. do 23. Please ask ________ not to skate on the thin ice. It?s very dangerous. A. they B. them C. their 24. Is this the hotel ________ you stayed the first time you were here? A. which B. when C. that D. theirs D. where

25. Her grandmother has taught in this school _______ she became a school teacher. A. before B. since C. until D. after

26. The craze fans ________ outside the hall, and they will wait till the movie star comes. A. were waiting B. are waiting C. waited D. had waited 27. Most of us hate people ________ talk much but do little. A. whom B. whose C. which D. who

28. The kind-hearted woman made _______ her duty to look after all the old people there. A. this B. that C. one D. it

29. The bike under the tree ________ belong to Hilary. Look! Her bag is on it. A. must B. shall C. will D. can

30. We are told that more new teaching buildings ________ in our school next term. A. will be built B. was built C. has built D. will build 第二节:完形填空(共 10 小题;每小题 1 分,满分 10 分) 阅读下面短文,掌握其大意,然后从第 31 至第 40 小题所给的 A、B、C、D 四个选项中, 选出最佳选项,并在答题卡上将该项涂黑。 Tony was a poor student. He was trying to pay his way through school(半工半读). One day, he was 31 goods from door to door in the street. He found that he only had one penny left. He was very 32 so he decided to beg for a meal at the next house. However, Tony changed his mind when a lovely young woman 33 the door. Instead of a meal, he asked for a drink of water. She thought he looked hungry so she brought him a large glass of 34 . Tony drank it slowly, and then asked, “How much do I owe you?” “You don?t owe me anything,” she replied. “Mother has taught me never to 35 pay for a kindness.” Tony said, “Then I thank you from the bottom of my heart.”

Years later Tony became a famous doctor in a big city. One day, the young woman became very ill. The local doctors finally sent her to the big city, 36 specialists could be called in to study her rare disease. 37 Tony heard the name of the town she came from, a strange light filled his eyes. Dressed in his doctor?s gown Tony went in to see her. He 38 her at once. He decided to try his best to save her life. After a long struggle, Tony succeeded. He asked the business office to pass the final bill to him for approval(批准). He looked at it and then wrote 39 on the side. The bill was sent to her room. She was afraid to open it 40 she was sure that it would take the rest of her life to pay it off. Finally she looked, and the note on the side of the bill caught her attention. She read these words: “Paid in full with a glass of milk.” 31. A. making 32. A. thirsty 33. A. opened 34. A. wine 35. A. give 36. A. which 37. A. When 38. A. married 39. A. something 40. A. whether B. buying B. full B. broke B. milk B. offer B. when B. But B. recognized B. anything B. if C. giving C. hungry C. knocked C. water C. accept C. how C. However C. cured C. nothing C. because D. selling D. tired D. mended D. tea D. lend D. where D. Though D. hurt D. none D. though

第三部分:阅读技能(共三节 满分 35) 第一节 阅读理解(共 12 小题;每小题 2 分,满分 24 分) 阅读下列短文,从每题所给的 A、B、C、D 四个选项中,选出最佳选项,并在答题卡上 将该项涂黑。 (A) Read the following posters carefully and answer the questions below. Basketball Match Rockets VS Lakers DATE: July 19, 7 o’clock; Billy Basketball Club For detailed information, see Paul Burton before Friday lunch time. Layla’s Disco No-shop light music show 15 Pembroke Road; Weekdays: 7 pm-11 pm; Sunday closed Over 18s only Fashion Show At the Daxing Square

Date: May the 1st to the 8th From 7:30 to 11:00 pm Booking agent: Peter Smith— 010-8266 1555

KARMA Health Food Restaurant 6 Castle Street Hot and cold vegetable food(素食) Lunch(11:00—14:00) Self-service; Dinner(17:00—21:00) Table-service For bookings, ring 0865-5677665 41. ________ can give you more information about the basketball match. A. John Smith. B. Tommy Brown. C. Paul Burton. D. Tonny Wang. 42. Who can’t be allowed to go to the Layla’s Disco? A. A 30-year-old worker. B. A 50-year-old doctor. C. A 22-year-old manager. D. A 15-year-old student. 43. You must phone ________ if you want to get a ticket for the fashion show. A. the booking agent B. the teacher C. the manager D. a postman 44. Which of the following food can you have at KARMA? A. Chicken. B. Tomato. C. Fish. D. Beef. (B) What does an astronaut eat in space? This is a question that will puzzle many, as people rarely think of that. In the early space-travel years, astronauts ate dehydrated (脱水的) foods that were eaten through straws (吸管). In today?s space-age, the food that they eat is totally different. They eat food in the same way as people do on Earth. Astronauts are able to prepare and eat a variety of foods in space. Some can be eaten in their natural form, like fruits, while some need to add water, like noodles. However, there are no refrigerators, so the food has to be prepared and eaten without being stored for a long time. When the astronauts are hungry, they simply eat the food by opening the food packages and with a fork, knife, and spoon. Just like people on Earth, astronauts also eat three meals a day which include breakfast, lunch and dinner. Sometimes they also eat snacks. The US space agency NASA has found out that an astronaut?s diet reduces by about 70% on a space mission, though he has a wide range of foods to choose from like nuts, chicken, beef, seafood, and candies. Drinks in the spaceship include coffee, tea, juices, and lemonade.

Astronauts can also request a particular food that they would like to have in space. Scientists are always experimenting and trying out different space foods that can be offered to astronauts when on space missions. 45. Now astronauts eat ________ in space. A. dehydrated (脱水的) foods B. food as people do on Earth C. totally different D. food with a lot of water 46. The food the astronauts prepared ________ . A. can’t be stored for a long time B. can be put into refrigerators C. can be stored for a long time D. can’t be kept in the food packages 47. In space, astronauts ________ like people on Earth. A. only have nuts, chicken and beef B. only have lunch for a day C. only drink coffee, tea and lemonade D. also eat three meals a day 48. What are scientists experimenting and trying out? A. Some very special snacks. B. How astronauts can sleep well. C. Different space foods for astronauts. D. How to get some fruits for astronauts.

(C) Bali is a tiny island that is part of Indonesia(印度尼西亚) today. It is a pretty island that has many mountains and a pleasant climate. For a long time, Bali was cut off from much of the world. The people of Bali were happy and had a peaceful life. They were not allowed to fight. At one time there had been terrible wars on Bali. Then the people decided it was wrong to fight or have wars. They made rules to keep apart those people who wanted to fight. Bali was divided into seven small kingdoms. The land around each kingdom was kept empty, and no one lived there. Since the kingdoms did not share the same borders(边界), the people could not fight about them. On Bali, even children were not allowed to fight. If two children started a fight over a toy, someone separated them. When two boys argued, they would agree not to speak to each other. Sometimes they did not talk together for months; this gave the boys a chance to forget their anger. Families who were angry with each other also promised not to speak. Their promise was written down, and the whole village knew about it. If they broke their promise, they had to offer gifts to their gods. 49. Bali is an island belonging to ________. A. Europe B. Africa C. Asia D. America 50. The people of Bali ______. A. lived a happy and peaceful life B. fought for a long time C. is cut off from much of the world D. quarreled about their borders

51. How did the people of Bali prevent fighting from breaking out? A. They shared the same borders. B. The island was divided into seven kingdoms. C. They made strict rules to punish those who wanted to fight. D. Land was kept empty around each kingdom and no one lived there. 52. Which of the following is not true according to the passage? A. Bali is a beautiful island with many mountains and nice weather. B. People had to offer gifts to the villagers if they broke their promise. C. At one time there were terrible wars on the island. D. You?ll hardly see children fighting on the island. 第二节 摘录信息 (共 5 小题;每小题 1 分,满分 5 分) 阅读下面短文, 根据所读内容在文后第 53 至第 57 小题的空格里填上适当的单词或短语, 并将答案转写到答题卡上。 注意:每空不超过 3 个单词。 You?re listening to Radio Five. Regular listeners know that every Thursday I give a list of places in the city that are looking for volunteers. Perhaps you?d like to get a pencil and write down the ones that interest you. Tiny Tot Preschool is looking for someone who will sing songs to the children on Tuesday mornings. The best person for the job would be someone who can play the piano or guitar. Primary School 39 needs volunteers to tutor students in English after school on Mondays, Wednesdays and Fridays. If you are good at English, that is a great chance. The Parks Department needs volunteers to help clean up the parks before National Day. If you like to work outdoors and help the environment, this job is for you. Lastly, the Community Center is looking for volunteers to work with older people on weekends. You can help read and write letters for seniors with bad eyesight. The Center also needs a few students to do fix-up work on houses. If you often help your grandfather repair his house, perhaps this is the perfect job for you. If you are interested in any of the jobs, you can call us at 5488-2377. People need your help. Volunteer today! Let’s be volunteers! Places Tiny Tot Preschool 54______________ The Parks Department 57______________ People wanted People who can play the 53______________ People who are 55______________ People who like 56 _____________ and help the environment

People who like to work with older people

第三节 回答问题(共 3 小题;每小题 2 分,满分 6 分) 阅读下面短文,根据第 58 至第 60 小题的具体要求,尽可能简要回答问题,并将答案转 写到答题卡上。

An online recruitment drive(招聘活动) with a TV reality show in the world was truly a tourism marketing campaign. It is called ?The best job in the world' competition which finally has a winner, Ben Southall, a 34-year-old charity worker from Britain. Ben won the competition and he has to blog(写博客) about life on Australia's Hamilton Island. Ben beat over 34,000 people from 200 countries in the online competition that became something of an internet wonder. "To go away now as the island caretaker for tourism Queensland and the Great Barrier Reef is an extreme honor. I hope I can do the job well as much as everybody is expecting, my swimming hopefully is up to standard and I look forward to all of the new roles that the task concerns." Ben Southall told the reporters. What?s claimed to be the best job in the world comes with a $110,000 (about 750,000 Yuan) contract(合同) for six months' work. 58. How many people asked for “the best job in the world”? (回答词数不超过 4 个) 59. How long will Ben Southall work on the island? (回答词数不超过 2 个) 60. What has Ben Southall to do for his new job? (回答词数不超过 8 个) 第四部分:写 作(共两节,满分 125 分) 第一节 双向翻译 (共 5 小题;每小题 2 分,满分 10 分) 请根据上下文内容,将文中划线部分译成汉语或者英语,并将答案转写到答题卡上。 If you love books, then Three Cups of Tea: One Man’s Journey to Change the World, One Child at a Time will be your favorite. This book will take you on an adventure to one of the highest mountains in the world. 61 You will learn how the people who lived there survived and how author Greg Mortenson helped build an education system. While climbing K2 in Pakistan, author Greg Mortenson became ill and got lost. He got help in a small village named Korphe. 62 The people of the village took good care of him, feeding him and letting him sleep in the village chief?s house. They also gave him one of their most rare treats: sweet tea. As Mortenson recovered from his illness, he noticed that the children of the village worked and went to school outdoors. 63 Their teacher came only three times a week and they didn?t have blackboards. They used sticks to write on the ground. The day he left the village, 64 他许诺回来建一所学校. His school would allow both boys and girls to attend. He kept his promise and helped found a school with a building and supplies so the kids could study indoors with real writing tools. 65 那是在一九九三年. Today Mortenson is responsible for building 80 schools in Central Asia. He has helped more than 18,000 girls receive an education so far. 第二节:情景作文(共 1 个小题,满分 15 分) Christina 最近失眠,身心疲惫,她给 doctor.webmd.com 网站的专栏作者 Ellen 写了一封 信,诉说了她的痛苦,希望能得到 Ellen 的帮助。请根据 Christina 的求助信写一封回信,帮

助她解脱痛苦。 要求: 1. 回信应根据 Christina 的来信展开,可任意发挥; 2. 词数在 100 个左右; 3. 信的首句和结尾已为你写好。 Dear Ellen, I was very happy and healthy before but recently things have changed a lot. Now I can?t sleep well. As soon as I lie on the bed, I will always think about the things in the day. I tried to sleep, but I just couldn?t. Sometimes I would turn in bed all night. This troubles me a lot. I really don?t know what I should do. Could you help me? Thank you very much. Yours Christina

Dear Christina, I know how you are feeling now. ______________________________________ _________________________________________________________________ _________________________________________________________________ _________________________________________________________________ _________________________________________________________________ _________________________________________________________________ _________________________________________________________________ _________________________________________________________________ _________________________________________________________________ Best wishes. Yours, Ellen

2012 年湖南省普通高中学业水平考试模拟试卷 英语参考答案及评分标准
一、参考答案
1-5 BCCBA 6-10 BCACB 11-16 BAC BCA 17. police/ policemen in London 18. everywhere 19. on foot 20. well paid 21-25 BABDA 26-30 BDDAA 31-35 DCABC 36-40 DABAC 41-44 CDAB 45-48 BADC 49-52 CADB 53. piano or guitar 54. Primary School 39 55. good at English 56. work outdoors 57. the Community Center 58. More than/ Over 34000 people. 59. Six months/ 6 months. 60. To blog about life on Australia's Hamilton Island. 61. 你就会了解到住在那里的人们是如何生存的。 62. 村民们细心照顾他。 63. 他们的老师一周只来三次。 64. he promised to come back and build a school. 65. That was in 1993. 情景作文 Dear Christina, I know how you are feeling now. I?m sorry to hear that you can?t sleep well. Don?t worry about that. Here are some pieces of advice for you. First, try to be confident in yourself and get in the good habit of going to bed and getting up regularly. Second, try to do some exercises before going to bed, relax yourself by listening to some light music and don?t think too much. Finally, try to drink a cup of milk if you want to. It will help you go to sleep quickly and well. I hope these ideas can help you. Best wishes. Yours, Ellen 二、评分标准 选择题 1、第 1—16、21—40 小题,每小题 1 分,答错计 0 分。 2、第 41—52 小题,每小题 2 分,答错计 0 分。 非选择题 1、第 17—20 小题每小题 1 分。内容正确且无拼写错误的计满分,超过限定单词的 计 0 分,其它情况酌情计分。 2、第 53—57 小题每小题 2 分。回答正确且无拼写错误的计满分,回答基本正确且 有拼写错误的计 1.5 分,其它情况酌情计分。 3、第 58—60 小题每小题 2 分。内容正确且无拼写错误的计满分,超过限定单词的 计 0-0.5 分,其它情况酌情计分。

4、第 61—65 小题每小题 2 分。译文达意且无拼写错误的计满分,译文基本达意且 有拼写错误的计 0.5 分,其它情况酌情计分。 5、情景作文满分 15 分,其中内容占 12 分,形式占 3 分: ⑴ 有建立信心,养成按时入寝与按时起床的习惯的各给 2 分,共 4 分。 ⑵ 有睡觉之前适当做些运动, 睡前放松,不要想得太多的每个 2 分,共 4 分。 ⑶ 有睡前喝一杯牛奶,帮助改善睡眠的各给 2 分,共 4 分。 ⑷ 形式要求语句通顺达意,3 个以下拼写错误不扣分,有 4—6 个拼写错误的扣 1 分, 有 7—10 个拼写错误的扣 2 分,有 11 个及以上拼写错误的计 0 分。


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