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常用作文模板LJY


常用作文模板

一、 四级作文类别 (一) 观点论证型

写作模式如下: 第一部分:总结描述,用一句话概括当今社会存在的 某种观点,并做简单的扩展 主题句 + 扩展句 第二部分:列出论据,说明观点成立/不成立的理由 主题句 + 举例 第三部分:表明自己的观点并结束全文。结尾部分一 定要总结自己的观点。 2) 万能模板 Nowadays/Re

cently/In recent years/At present,

__________is a common thing/has become more and more popular/has gradually become a concern for many. For example, __________. There are different attitudes /views towards__________. Some people believe/think/ argue/hold/have the idea that________; while, others/other people view

differently/hold distinct views/find it hard to agree, they say/contend/claim that________. In my opinion/In my view/From my point of

view/What comes to me is/As far as I am concerned/Personally/ To my point of view/To my mind/In my mind, I prefer_______. As long as/With the development of/By the joint efforts of_________, we’ll certainly/ definitely/ I am confident that ___________in the end.

(二) 利弊选择型
1 体裁介绍

利弊选择型作文要求能对一个论题的正反两个方面进行阐述分析, 进一步作出选择,推导出自己认为合理的解决该问题的模式。 2 审题思路: 拿到作文题首先确立写作主题、写作结构以及材料选择 与组织,分以下四个步骤: 1) 2) 第一段:开头段,阐述事件 第二段:阐述提纲中列举的第一种看法,给出理由或者举例说

明: 主题句 + 理由/举例 1 + 理由/举例 2 + 理由/举例 3 3)第三段:阐述提纲中列举的另一种看法,给出理由或者举例说明 主题句 + 理由/举例 1 + 理由/举例 2 + 理由/举例 3 3) 第四段:表明自己的观点,结束全文。

3)万能模板

These days we often hear that_________. It is common that__________. People hold

different views about___________. Some people believe/think/hold/argue/have the idea that___________. They say/contend that________________. They point out that____________. For example___________. But other people take an opposite side. They firmly believe that_________. They argue that ______________. In my opinion/In my view/From my point of view/What comes to me is/As far as I am concerned/Personally, as far as I am concerned, the former/latter opinion holds more weight. For one thing,____________. For another,__________. Last but not the least,____________.

(三)现象解释型
1 体裁介绍 要明确描述社会生活中存在的一种现象, 要求考生说明该现象反映的 社会问题,解释该现象存在或发生的原因。 2 审题思路 1) 2) 第一部分:描述现象,引起话题; 第二部分:对现象进行细致的分析,解释现象发生或变化的原

因; 3) 第三部分:针对现象作出评论,表明自己的态度、观点或做法

以及如何在日常生活中有效地发扬该现象的优势或消除这种现象 不利的方面。

3 图表型作文
可以把图表型作文看作现象解释型作文的变体: 第一部分:描述图表中数据的主要趋势,对数据进行分析比较,总结归纳图表内 容所呈现的主要特征; 第二部分:对现象和变化进行细致的分析,解释现象发生或变化的原因; 第三部分:针对现象和变化作出结论。 3)万能模板

From

the

chart/graph/table/figure,

we

can

clearly

see

that__________. Obviously/It is true that/It is self-evident that ________.In my mind, there are three reasons explaining/We believe that_______. Thirdly/Lastly/Apart form that/Last but not least____________. Considering all As a result/In short_____________. For one

these For

____________. another

thing______________.

______________.In

conclusion/ In brief/To sum up________.
(四)途径方法型 1 体裁介绍 通过提示性文字或图表提出(或反映)社会生活中存在的一个现实问题,通常 会要求考生指出问题的危害性或解决这一问题的紧迫性;然后对问题展开分析, 提出解决问题的方案或应对措施;最后要求考生表明自己对待这一问题的态度、 做法等。 2 审题思路 1) 开头段:概述现状,提出问题; 2) 中间段:分析和解决问题; 3) 结尾段:总结全文或提出建议。 3)万能模板

With the improvement/development of __________, there are

________.

For

example,

_________.

So

it

is

high

time_________. The reasons are: First/At first/To begin with______. Secondly/The second/In

addition/Furthermore/Besides, _______. Lastly/Finally/Last but not least/What is more/Furthermore________. But how to ______?In my opinion/ For my part, I think /As far as I am concerned _______. On the one hand__________. On the other hand_________. Therefore, I believe___________.

(五)应用文
April 24,2004

Dear Sir/Madam,

Yours, Smith Johnkuai

Introduction: 第一段(提出观点) : Some,others and I When it comes to 填题目中的主题 (如: 口 语 考 试 ) , there is no complete agreement among people. Some people take it for granted that 第 一 种 观 点 .

However, others maintain that 第二种观 点. There is no consensus among people as to the view of (_____).The opinions vary from person to person. Some people hold the idea that (____).A case in point is that (_____).On the other hand, other may have a quite different view. According to them,(_____).The most typical example is that (______). Weighing the pros and cons of those arguments, I am inclined to agree with the 第 一 个 观 点 或 第 二 个 观 点 ( 自 己 选).On the one hand,你所支持的观点的 好处一; on the other hand,好处二. My view When asked about (_____),some people hold the idea that (_____).As far as they are concerned,(______).But I could not agree with them in several points. In my opinion,(_____).The reasons for my

choice are listed as follows.// I have the following reasons. Personally, I side with the latter (former) opinion... Personally, I am in favor of the former point of view. To my mind, the advantages far overweigh the drawbacks(disadvantages, shortcomings)我认为,优点胜过缺点。 For my part, I stand on side of the latter opinion that.. 就我而言,我较赞同后一种观点 ________________。 As far as I am concerned, I am inclined to be on the side of the latter view. 在我看来,我较同意后一种观点。

After a thorough consideration, for my part, I am in favor of the latter view that... 经过深思熟虑,我较支持后一种看 法,亦即________________________。 If asked to make a decision, I would prefer... 如果真的需要作出选择,我宁愿 ____________。 Hot issue With the development of the society/with the advent of (______),we have to face a problem that (______). Along with the advance of the society more and more problems are brought to our attention, one of which is that.... 随着社会的不断发展,出现了越来越多 的问题,其中之一便是____________。

As to whether it is a blessing or a curse, however, people take different attitudes. 然而,对于此类问题,人们持不同 的看法。(Hold different attitudes 持不同 的看;Come up with different attitudes 有 不同的看法) As to whether it is worthwhile ....., there is a long-running controversial debate. It is quite natural that people from different backgrounds may have divergent attitudes towards it. 关于是否值得___________的问题,一 直以来争论不休。当然,不同的人对此 可能持不同的观点。 As society develops, people are attaching much importance to.... 随着社会的发展,人们开始关 注............

Recently the phenomenon has aroused wide concern, some people are in alarm that.... 最近,这种现象引起了人们的广泛 关注,有人开始担心______________。 ...... plays such an important role that it undeniably becomes the biggest concern of the present world, there comes a question, is it a blessing or a curse?" _______显得非常重要而成为当今 世界所关注的最大的问题,这是无可厚 非的。 不过, 问题是: "我们该如何抉择?" Just as the saying goes: "so many people, so many minds". It is quite understandable that views on this issue vary from person to person. 俗话说,""。不同的人对此有不同 的看法是可以理解的。

When faced with...., quite a few people claim that ...., but other people think as... 提到_________问题,仅少数人认为 ________,但另一些人则认为 _________。 There is a public controversy nowadays over the issue of .... There who criticize ...argue that ...., they believe that ...,but people who favor .., on the other hand, argue that... 目前,_______问题争议较大。批判 _______的人认为_______,他们认为 _______, 不过, 另一方面, 赞同_______ 的人则认为_________。 Some people are of the opinion that.. 有些人认为_____________。 Many people claim that... 很多人认为_____________。

Some people advocate that .... 有些人在坚持认为_________。 They hold that ... 他们认为_________。 People, who advocate that ..., have their sound reasons (grounds) 坚持认为______的人也有其说法 (依据)。 Those who strongly approve of ... have cogent reasons for it. 强烈认同_______的人有很多原因。 观点的用词: Attitude, opinion, 与其 搭配的动词以及词组:Take, have, come up with,set forth, put forward 等。 But on the other hand, there are also quite a few people who strongly advocate/maintain that..,. 不过,另一方面,也有少部分人坚 持认为_______________。

However, there are a large number of people who hold a different view concerning this case. 然而,很多人对此有不同的看法。 问题用词: Issue, phenomenon, 后接 介词, on, over 等。 On the other hand, there are also many opponents who strongly ... 另一方面,也有很多反对的人,他 们认为_____________。 展现问题篇 问题的常用词:question, problem, issue Recently, the issue of ...... has been brought into public focus. 近来,_______的问题引起了社会的 广泛关注。

Recently the issue of whether or not ... has been in the limelight and has aroused wide concern in the public. 近来,是否_______的问题已经非常 明确而且引起了社会的广泛关注。 The issue whether it is good or not to .... has aroused a heated discussion all over the country. Body: 1) to begin with, then, furthermore, finally 2) to start with, next, in addition, finally 3) first and foremost/ First of all, besides, last but not least 4) most important of all, moreover, finally 只 有 两 个 观 点 : for one thing, for another thing; Conclusion:

2-1 结论性--------- 通过对文章前面的 讨论 ,引出或重申文章的中心思想及观 点 . e.g: [1]. From what has been discussed above, we may safely draw the conclusion that …… [2]. In summary/In a word , it is more valuable …… [3]For the reasons mentioned above, I firmly believe (______). 2-2 后果性------ 揭示所讨论的问 题若不解决, 将产生的严重后果. e.g: [1]. We must call for an immediate method , because the current phenomenon of …… , if allowed to

proceed, will surely lead to the heavy cost of …… [2]. Obviously , if we ignore/are blind to the problem , there is every chance that …… will be put in danger . 2-3 号召性 -------- 呼吁读者行动 起来, 采取行动或提请注意. e.g: [1]. It is time that we urged an immediate end to the undesirable tendency of …… [2]. It is essential that effective measures should be taken to correct the tendency . 2-4 建议性 -------- 对所讨论的问 题提出建议性的意见, 包括建议和具体 的解决问题的方法. e.g:

[1]. While it cannot be solved immediately, still there are ways. The most popular is …… Another method is …… Still another one is …… [2]. Awareness/Recognition of the problem is the first step toward the situation. 2-5 方向性的结尾方式 ---- 其与建 议性的唯一差别就是对问题解决提出总 的, 大体的方向或者指明前景. e.g: [1]. Many solutions are being offered here , all of them make some sense, but none is adequate enough. The problem should be recognized in a wide way . [2]. There is no quick method to the issue of ……, but …… might be helpful/beneficial.

[3]. The great challenge today is …… There is much difficulty ,but …… 2--6 意义性的结尾方式 --------> 文章结尾的时候,从更高的更新的角度 指出所讨论的问题的重要性以及其深远 的意义! e.g: [1]. Following these suggestions may not guarantee the success, but the pay off might be worth the effort . It will not only benefit but also benefit …… [2]. In any case, whether it is positive or negative, one thing is certain that it will undoubtedly …… Nowadays many people prefer (______)because it plays a significant role in our daily life. Generally speaking, its advantages can be seen as follows. On one

hand,(______).One the other hand,(_______). But every sword has two blades. The negative aspects are also apparent. One of the prominent disadvantages is that (______).To make matters worse,(______). Through the above analysis, I believe that The Positive aspects far outweighs its negative aspects. Whatever effects it has, one thing is certain,(_____) itself is neither good nor bad. It is the uses which is put on it that determines its value to our society.


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