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【创新设计】2011高考英语一轮复习 Module2课件 外研版必修1


Module 2

My First Day at Senior High
漫画欣赏

画面描述 A small snail’s image is gradually enlarged until it has become an image of a huge ox,on which are written “advertise

ments”. What a sharp comparison!

寓意理解 Some people are taking advantage of advertisements to cheat customers. They use fake and unreal advertisements to overstate the quality of their products on purpose. However,lack of credibility will make them pay the price sooner or later. 你能否对此加以扩展,写一篇120词左右的小短文?

重点单词 1.amusing adj.好笑的,娱乐的,有趣的 I had an amusing experience last year. 去年我有过一次好笑的经历。 What he said is amusing.他说的话很有趣。

【知识拓展】

amuse vt.使快乐,逗乐,给??提供娱乐
amused adj.愉快的,感到有趣的 amusedly adv.感兴趣地,愉快地

amusement n.娱乐,消遣,快乐的事
be amused at/by/with...感到??有趣 be amused to do...做??被逗乐

in amusement感兴趣地
to one’s amusement使某人觉得有趣的是 即景活用

用amuse的适当形式填空
①Hearing the amusing story,she had an amused look on the face. ②I was amused to see the children dance.

③She looked at it in great amusement.
④To our great amusement,the teacher sang a funny song in class. ⑤That was really an amusing game.

⑥They had a good time in the amusement park.
⑦The old man listened to the child amusedly. ⑧We were greatly amused by the story.

2.patient adj.有耐心的,能容忍的 n.病人
The doctor is very patient with his patients. 这个医生对他的病人很有耐心。 Be patient with her—she’s very young. 对她耐心点——她年纪太小。[剑桥高阶]

【归纳拓展】
(1)impatient adj.没有耐心的;不能容忍的 be patient with sb.对某人有耐心

be patient of sth.忍耐某事
(2)patience n.忍耐力;耐心 be out of patience with...对??忍无可忍

have no patience with...对??不能容忍
with patience=patiently耐心地 即景活用 ⑨—What is he like? —He is patient ________ others and ________ hardships. A.with;of B.with;to C.of;with D.to;with 解析:be patient with sb.“对某人有耐心”;be patient of sth.“忍耐某事”。 答案:A

3.appreciate vt.欣赏,赏识;感谢,感激;重视,珍惜

We really appreciate all the help you gave us last weekend.
你们上周末给予我们大力帮助,我们非常感谢。[剑桥高阶] He appreciates your talents.他很赏识你的才华。

Doctors are highly appreciated in that country.
在那个国家里医生受到高度重视。 【联想拓展】

appreciate sth.欣赏,重视某物
appreciate (one’s) doing sth.欣赏/感激(某人)做某事 I would appreciate it if...如果??,我将不胜感激

appreciation n.欣赏;感激

【温馨提示】
(1)appreciate后接名词,代词或动词的-ing形式作宾语,不能用动 词不定式。

(2)I’d appreciate it if...请按固定句式记,“如果??,我将不胜
感激”。it代替if从句中所提到的情况。 (3)appreciate(v.)感谢,后接事或物;thank(v.)感谢,后接人。

Thank you for your help.We did appreciate it.
谢谢你的帮助,对此我真的很感激。 即景活用 ⑩I would appreciate ________ back this afternoon. A.you to call B.you call C.your calling D.you’re calling 解析:句意:我将乐于你下午再回电话。本题考查appreciate后接 动名词复合结构的用法。 答案:C

4.admit vt.承认(错误、罪行等);容纳,接收;准许进入(或使用); 让??享有(to) She admitted(that)she had made a mistake. 她承认自己犯了一个错误。[剑桥高阶] Spain was admitted to the European Community in 1986. 西班牙于1986年被接纳为欧洲共同体成员。[剑桥高阶] The theatre only admits 1,000 persons.这个剧场只容得下1 000人。 The facts admit of no other explanation.事实不容置疑。 【相关链接】 (1)admit sth.承认(事实、过失等) admit doing sth./having done sth.承认做/已经做了某事 admit that...承认?? admit sb./sth. to be...承认某人/事??

admit sb./sth. to/into接纳某人(某物)进入??,吸收某人(某物) 参加;许可??进入 sb. be admitted to...接受某人(入学、入院等) (2)admission n.承认;入场费,会费;准许进入 【温馨提示】

(1)admit表示“承认”时,后跟动名词,不跟不定式作宾语。
(2)admit当“容纳”讲时,可替换为hold,contain,seat。 They want to build a lecture hall which can admit/hold/contain/seat

10,000 people.
他们想建一个可以容纳一万人的演讲厅。

即景活用 用admit翻译下列句子 ?她最终被北京大学录取。 At last she was admitted to/into Beijing University. ?新剧场能容纳四千人。 The new theatre will admit 4,000 people. ?情况严重,不容许耽搁。 The situation admits of no delay. ?他承认他打破了窗户。 He admitted that he had broken the window.

5.respect vt.&n.尊敬;尊重 I have great/the greatest respect for his ideas,although I don’t agree with them.

我非常尊重他的想法,不过我并不赞同这些想法。[剑桥高阶]
If you don’t respect yourself,how can you expect others to respect you? 如果你不尊重自己,怎能期望别人尊重你?

【思维链接】
(1)respect sb./sth. for sth.因某事尊敬或敬重某人/某物 respect oneself自尊;自重 (2)show/have respect for对??表示尊重,尊敬 out of one’s respect出于对??的尊敬 (3)give/send one’s respects to代某人向??问候 in respect of关于??,就??而言 (4)with respect to关于??一事;就??事而言

(5)in all respects=in every respect在各方面

(6)respectful adj.恭敬的,尊敬的
respectfully adv.尊敬地,谦恭地 respectable adj.正派地,体面地

【友情提示】
give one’s respects to...“代某人向??问好”中的respects要用复数形式。 即景活用 ?Students should have respect ________ their teachers.

A.for

B.to

C.with

D.on

解析:have/show respect for表示“对??表示尊敬,尊敬”。 答案:A

经典短语
1.make sure确信,查明;务必要(做到) I must go back home and make sure I closed the windows. 我必须回去看看我有没有关上窗户。 Make sure you lock the door behind you when you go out. 出门的时候一定要锁好门。[剑桥高阶] 【思维链接】 be sure of注意,确信,深信

be sure that注意,一定要做到,使有把握
be sure to do确信会做某事 【温馨提示】

make sure后面可接从句,一般不接to do sth.。而be sure可组成be sure
of/about;be sure to do sth.;be sure that...等句型。

即景活用 ?Please tell Tom not to leave the classroom unless he ________ that all the lights ________. A.makes sure;are turned off C.is made sure;are turned off B.makes sure;will turn off D.will make sure;will be turned off

解析:主句为祈使句表将来,故状语从句用现在时态表将来;灯是“被 关掉”,故用turn off的被动形式。 答案:A 2.agree with同意 He doesn’t agree with what I said.他不同意我的话。 You look well-the mountain air must agree with you. 你气色真好,这一定是山里空气的功劳。[剑桥高阶]

【思维链接】 (1)agree with sb./one’s idea/what sb. said赞同,同意,与某人意见一致 agree to one’s plan/suggestion/arrangement...赞同某人的计划/建议/安排?? agree on sth.就某事双方达成协议 agree to do sth.同意做某事 agree with sb. about/on sth.同意某人某事 agree that...同意?? one’s words agree with one’s deeds言行一致 food/climate agrees with sb.

某人适应(某地的)食物/气候
(2)agreement(n.)同意,一致 be in agreement with sb.与某人意见一致

reach/come to/arrive at no agreement没有达成协议
(3)disagree vi.不同意,不一致 disagreement n.不同意,不一致

【用法点击】

表“同意”时介词的选用:
agree with+某人或表示“意见、看法”的词。 agree to+表示“提议、办法、计划”的词。

agree on+表示具体协议的文件、计划、行动的词。(这时,主语常是
协商一件事的人们或单位。) 即景活用 ?We agreed ________ here but so far he hasn’t turned up yet. A.having met B.meeting C.to meet D.to have met 解析:句意:“我们已同意在此相会,但是,到目前他还没有露面。” 考查agree to do sth.而不是-ing形式,排除A、B,题意表明还没见面, 故排除D。 答案:C

3.as a result结果 They held completely different views,and as a result,he had to stay in hospital for a whole month. 他们的意见分歧很大,结果,他不得不在医院呆一整月。 Profits have declined as a result of the recent drop in sales. 由于最近销售量滑坡,利润下降了。[剑桥高阶] 【指点迷津】 as a result“因此,结果”,在句中作状语,其前常有一个表示原因的句子。 as a result of(=because of)由于??,因为??的缘故,后接名词或动词 -ing形式。 【相关链接】 result in(同lead to)为动词短语,意为“导致,造成”。 result from动词短语,“起因于,由??引起”。

【重点提示】 result from表示“由??引起或产生”,主语指结果,宾语指起因, from有表示原因的意味;result in表示“产生;导致”,主语指起因, 宾语指结果。 The typhoon has resulted in many thousands of deaths. 台风已经造成了成千上万的人死亡。 Sickness often results from eating too much. 疾病往往因吃得太多而引起。 即景活用 ?My friend Martin was very sick with a strange fever;________,he could neither eat nor sleep.

A.as a result B.after all C.anyway D.otherwise

解析:上句说“马丁患了奇怪的发烧,病得很厉害”,下句说

“他不能吃也不能睡”,因此用as a result连接两个句子,表示
“结果是??”。after all“毕竟”;anyway“无论如何”; otherwise“否则”。

答案:A
重要句型 1.She explains English grammar so clearly that even I can understand it! 她讲解英语语法如此清楚,甚至连我都能明白!

Mrs. Li just smiles,so that you don’t feel completely stupid!
李老师只是笑笑,因此你就不会感到自己是个大笨蛋! so/such...that引导结果状语从句,意为“如此??以至于”。

And my memory became so large that even I couldn’t believe it!
我的存储量变得如此之大,连我自己都不能相信!

Jack is such a clever boy that he can read books for grown-ups

at the age of six.
=Jack is so clever a child that he can read books for grown-ups at the age of six. 杰克是如此聪明的孩子,以致在六岁就能读成人的书。 【归纳总结】 so...that...的基本句式 (1)so+形容词(副词或分词)+that从句 (2)so+形容词+a(an)+单数名词+that从句 (3)so+ ?
?many/few ? 复数名词 ?much/little(少的 ) ? 不可数名词

+that从句

【用法指津】 (1)so...that...与such...that...都有“如此??以至于??”之意。但so是副 词,修饰形容词或副词;而such是形容词,修饰名词(词组)。注意:so与 such均要与不定冠词和形容词连用,但位臵有别:so+adj.+a(an)+n.+that 从句;such+a(an)+adj.+n.+that从句。如果后边所接的名词是不可数名词

时,只能用such。
(2)so...that.../so that so...that...意为“如此??以至于??”,只能引导结果状语从句;而so

that意为“结果是;以便,目的是”,既可引导结果状语从句,也可引导
目的状语从句。so that引导目的状语从句时,从句中常使用 can/could/may/might/will/would/should等情态动词;引导结果状语从句时,

从句中一般不用can和may等词,在so that前可以有逗号,意思是“因此;
所以”。 (3)当so.../such...放在句首时,主句要用部分倒装。

即景活用

完成句子
?She was so excited that couldn’t go to sleep. 她兴奋得睡不着觉。

?It was so hot a day that nobody wanted to do anything.
(=It was such a hot day that nobody wanted to do anything.) 天气如此热,谁也不想干活。
21 So fast did he run that I couldn’t catch up with him.

他跑得那么快以至于我赶不上他。 2.Physics will never be my favourite lesson,but I think that I’ll do well in the exam with Mrs. Chen teaching me.物理永远不会成为我最喜

爱的科目,但我认为有陈老师教我,我一定会考得不错。
with Mrs. Chen teaching me是带with的复合结构,本句中作状语。

?with the door open. ? 门开着 ? ? with the light on. ?灯亮着 ? ? with the boy crying. She lift, ?孩子在哭 ? 她走了 ?with her wallet stolen. ? ?钱包被偷了 ? ?with a basket on her back. ?背着个篮 ? ?with lots of work to do. ?有许多工作要做 。 ?

【归纳总结】

with复合结构的构成为“with+宾语+宾语补足语”,常见的形式如下:

?形容词 ?副词 ? ?动词 ed with+宾语+ ? ?动词 ed ?介词短语 ? ?动词不定式
【重点提示】

with结构不是句子,它在句中作定语或状语,故with结构中不会有谓语
动词形式。 with复合结构中宾语补足语用-ing还是-ed要根据动作与宾语的关系来

确定,如果宾语发出动作则用-ing,如果宾语承受动作则用-ed。

即景活用

用所给动词的适当形式填空
22 With so many people to come(come) for dinner,they have to buy a lot of

vegetables.
23 The Greens walked and talked along the road with their children ollowing

(follow) behind them.
24 With a new building being built(build) near our home,we have to put up

with lots of noise.
3.He’s really amusing and tells jokes when he thinks we’re getting bored.

他真的很风趣,当他觉得我们厌倦时他就给我们讲笑话。
get可用作连系动词,代替be,用于“get+过去分词/形容词”结构中表示动作。 They’ve just got married.他们刚结婚。

You’d better take an umbrella with you if you don’t want to get wet. 如果不想被淋湿的话,你最好带把伞。 Some glasses got broken when we were moving. 我们搬家时,有些杯子被打碎了。

【归纳拓展】
get injured受伤 get paid被付款 get killed遇难 get drunk醉了 get caught被抓 get excited激动

get hurt受伤
get married结婚

get changed换装
get dressed穿衣

get lost迷路

即景活用 用所给动词的适当形式完成句子 Cleaning women in big cities usually get paid (pay) by the hour. Unluckily,I got caught (catch) in the rain on the way there. That night I drank a lot.and for the first time in my life I got drunk (drink). 4.I’d rather do translation than revision,Mr. Stanton.我宁愿翻译也 不复习,Stanton先生。

句中含有would rather的用法。
I’d rather have the red one than(have) the green one. 我宁愿要红的,也不愿要绿的。

I’d take the train rather than go there by air.
我宁可坐火车去那儿,也不愿坐飞机去那儿。 Don’t come tomorrow.I’d rather you came next weekend.

明天别来,我希望你下周末再来。

Rather than refuse to help you,I would borrow money from my friends.

我宁可向朋友借钱,也不愿拒绝帮助你。
【句式归纳】 would rather(not)do sth.宁愿(不)做某事 would rather do sth.than do sth.宁愿??,也不?? =would do sth. rather than do sth. =prefer to do sth. rather than do sth. 【疑难点津】 would rather后跟从句时,从句中要用虚拟语气 would rather sb. did sth.宁愿某人做某事(用一般过去时表示对现在和 将来的虚拟) would rather sb. had done sth.宁愿某人做过某事(过去完成时表示对过 去的虚拟)

即景活用
—Did you scold the boy for his mistakes? —Yes,but ________ it. A.I’d rather not do C.I’d rather not have done B.I’d not rather do D.I’d rather have done

解析:本题考查would rather的用法。would rather have done sth. 意为:宁愿当时做某事,但没做。would rather not have done sth.意为:宁愿当时没有做某事,但做了。全句意思为:“你当 时因为孩子的错误责备他了吗?”“责备了,但我宁愿当时没 有责备他。” 答案:C

高考经典解读 【例1】 Jenny nearly missed the flight ________ doing too much shopping.
(2009·全国,13) A.as a result of B.on top of C.in front of D.in need of

【解题方法指导】 本题考查介词短语辨析。句意:由于购物花费时间太
多,珍妮差点错过航班。as a result of因为,由于;on top of在??之上; in front of在??前面;in need of需要??

答案:A
教材原文对照

During scientific experiments,she explains exactly what is happening and as a
result my work is improving. P12)

【例2】 If you leave the club,you will not be ________ back in. (2009·全国,15)

A.received

B.admitted

C.turned

D.moved

【解题方法指导】 本题考查动词词义辨析。由句意“如果你离开了俱 乐部,就不允许再回去了”可知应用admit,指“允许进入”。

答案:B
教材原文对照

And a few students even admit liking her.

(P12)

【例3】 So sudden ________ that the enemy had no time to escape.

(2009·山东,27)
A.did the attack C.was the attack B.the attack did D.the attack was

【解题方法指导】 本题考查so...that的用法。在so+adj....+that...句
型中,当so+adj.置于句首时,其所在句子的谓语应用部分倒装形 式,故选C项。

答案:C
教材原文对照 She is kind and patient,and she explains English grammar so clearly that even I can understand it! (P12)

完形填空答题攻略 联系上下文,重视语境关系 完形填空题提供的是一篇具有完整语言信息的短文,其段与段、句 与句、词与词之间都有不可分割的联系,做题时必须结合上下文语境进行 综合考虑,做到紧扣文意,从上下文中寻找线索,务必使答案填入后,使 上下文一致,避免拘泥于空格处个别词句的意思,而忽视了上下文语境的 现象。 【典例1】

“Well,you can start right here,” said Mr. Clay. “My windows need
cleaning and my car needs washing.” That was the 45 of James’s oddjob(零工)business.For three months

he worked every day after finishing his homework.He was amazed by the

46 (variety)of jobs that people found for him to do.He took dogs and babies

for walks,cleared out cupboards,and mended books.He lost count of the
47(number)of cars he washed and windows he cleaned,but the 48 (money) increased and he knew that he would soon have 49 (enough)for the bicycle

he longed for.
45.A.beginning C.requirement B.introduction D.opening

(2009· 北京卷)

答案:A
点拨:“这就是他打零工的开始”,故选beginning。 误区警示:做此题时,考生容易受选文第一段内容的影响,而没有结

合下文中的内容去思考,从而误选introduction,误认为Mr. Clay为James
“介绍”了一份零工。而且,如果考生做题不细心,仅根据Mr.Clay的话 进行判断,容易误选requirement,误认为这是Mr. Clay对James提出的要

求,而没有留意空格后面的限制成分是James’s odd- business。 job

【典例2】 Each morning Stevenson would take them out for a long hills.They had been 41 40 over the

this for several days before the weather suddenly

took a turn for the worse.Kept indoors by the heavy rain,Lloyd felt the days 42 .To keep the boy happy,Robert asked the boy to do some 43 .

One morning,the boy came to Robert with a beautiful map of an island. Robert 44 that the boy had drawn a large cross in the middle of 45 .

(2009·全国Ⅰ) 43.A.cleaning C.drawing 答案:C 点拨:由下一段中“the boy had drawn a large cross in the middle of the island”可知,Robert建议小男孩“绘画”,而不是进行“锻炼”,故选C。 B. writing D.exercising

误区警示:上文中提到一家人经常去山顶散步,所以做此题时考

生容易受思维习惯的影响,将注意力集中在空格前面的内容上,
没有联系上下文,而误选exercising,由此可见,在解题过程中, 不可忽略语境关系,不能只根据空格处内容选择,而应该准确把

握上下文的语境,注意上下文的信息,避免就题答题。

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